Table of content

Engineering and Technology Journal

مجلة الهندسة والتكنولوجيا

ISSN: 16816900 24120758
Publisher: University of Technology
Faculty: Presidency of the university or centers
Language: Arabic and English

This journal is Open Access

About

The Journal aims to disseminate knowledge in the fields of Engineering, Technology and Sciences .All the researches will submit to the scientific evaluation procedures of publishing and documentation. The journal under takes only the publishing of the new researches that had not been published previously on other journals or debated in conferences.

The Instructions of Submitting The Research to Scientific Evaluation:
a- The research should be Submitted in 4 copies in Arabic or English Languages, auther's name should be eliminated from 2 copies only. The abstract should be typed on the front page not exceeding (150 words) in both Arabic and English on size (A4) sheet. Pages should be numbered and not more than (15) page.
b- The researcher should fill a declaration form which states that he doesn't publish the research during the evaluation period. He must give his full address phone number and e-mail.

Firstly- The author should pay a fee of (ID55000) when he submits the research and a fee of (ID55000) when the research is accepted .These fees are obligatory for all. The sum cannot be reimbursed in any case.
Secondly- The annual subscription in the journal inside Iraq is ID250000) Iraqi dinar, and outside Iraq is (us $250) abroad.
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Engineering and Technology Journal
Publication Ethics
The publication of science and technology include thorough, methodical and complete processes by publishers and editors which have to be handled efficiently and proficiently. To sustain high ethical values of publication, publishers attempt to work intimately at all times with editors, authors, and peer-reviewers. The ethics statement for the Engineering & Technology Journal is based on those issued by the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) Code of Conduct guidelines available at www.publicationethics.org. The basic publishing ethics involved in the publishing process can be summarized as follows:

Reviewers’ Responsibilities
The responsibilities of the reviewers can be identified as:
• To provide a detailed, effective, and unbiased evaluation in promptly on the scientific content of the work.
• To indicate whether the writing is relevant, brief and clear and evaluating the originality and scientific accuracy of the submitted paper.
• To maintain the confidentiality of the complete review process.
• To inform the journal editor about any financial or personal conflict of interest and reject to review the manuscript when a possibility of such a conflict exists.
• To inform the journal editor of any ethical concerns in their evaluation of submitted manuscripts; such as any violation of ethical treatment of animal or human subjects or any considerable similarity between the previously published article and any reviewed manuscript.

Authors’ Responsibilities
The responsibilities of the authors can be described as:
• To assure that all the work reported in the manuscript must be original and free from any plagiarism.
• To make confident that the submitted work should not have been published elsewhere or submitted to any other journal(s) at the same time.
• To explicitly acknowledge any potential conflict of interest.
• The author(s) must give proper acknowledgments to other work reported (individual/company/institution). Permission must be obtained from any content used from other sources.
• It is important to note that only those who have made any substantial contribution to the interpretation or composition of the submitted work should be listed as ‘Authors’. On the other hand, other contributors should be mentioned as ‘co-authors’.

Publishers’ Responsibilities
The responsibilities of the Engineering & Technology Journal can be defined as:
• Engineering & Technology Journal is committed to working with journal editors, defining clearly their relevant roles, in order to ensure appropriate decisions regarding publication procedures and maintaining the transparency of editorial decisions.
• Engineering & Technology Journal guarantees the integrity autonomy and originality of each published article concerning:
o publication and research funding
o publication ethics and integrity
o conflicts of interest
o confidentiality
o authorship
o article modifications
o timely release of content.
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ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY JOURNAL
Scientific Refereed Journal Issued by University of Technology, IRAQ
COPYRIGHT AGREEMENT

The following assignment of copyright, executed and signed by the Author, is required with each manuscript submission. If the article is a “work made for hire”, the employer must sign it. The Author warrants that he/she has full power to make this agreement on behalf of himself and all his co-authors.
To the extent transferable, copyright in and of the undersigned, Author’s article titled:
************************************************************************by: *************************************************Reference ID: ******* submitted to the Engineering and Technology Journal is hereby assigned for publication.
In consideration of the acceptance of the Article for publication, the Author assigns to the Journal with full title guarantee, all copyrights, rights in the nature of copyright, and all other intellectual property rights in the Article throughout the world (present and future, and including all renewals, extensions, revivals, restorations and accrued rights of action).
The Author represents that he is the author and proprietor of this Article and that this Article has not heretofore been published in any form. The Author warrants that he has obtained written permission and paid all fees for use of any literary or illustration material for which rights are held by others. The Author agrees to hold the Editor(s)/Publisher harmless against any suit, demand, claim or recovery, finally sustained, by reason of any violation of proprietary right or copyright, or any unlawful matter contained in this article:



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Contact info

جمهورية العراق –بغداد
الجامعة التكنولوجية- مجلة الهندسة والتكنولوجيا- ص.ب. 35010
Email: etj@uotechnology.edu.iq
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Journal website:
http://uotechnology.edu.iq/tec_magaz/EN/index.htm
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Republic of Iraq, Baghdad
University of Technology, Engineering & Technology Journal.
P.O.Box.35010
Email: etj@uotechnology.edu.iq

Email: uot_magaz@yahoo.com
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Google Scholar Citations:
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https://scholar.google.com/citations?user=w1aCAoMAAAAJ&hl=en

Table of content: 2017 volume:35 issue:1 Part (B) Scientific

Article
Radon Level Measurements in Soil and Sediments at Oil Field Area and Its Impact on the Environment

Authors: S.A. Amin --- A.H. Al-Obiady --- A. Alwan
Pages: 1-7
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Abstract

Radon concentration, radium content, uranium concentration and rates of radon exhalation as a function of mass and area in 10 soil and 5 water sediment samples collected from one of the oil fields in Basrah governorate southern Iraq using CR-39 SSNTD were measured. Obtained results of radon concentrations range from 434.67 Bq.m-3 to 1947.99 Bq.m-3 with mean value of 985.26 Bq.m-3 and from 61.18 Bq.m-3 to of 2237.77 Bq.m-3 with mean value of 1215.16 Bq.m-3 in sediment and soil samples, respectively. The values of radium content for sediment and soil samples extended from 1.96 Bq.kg-1 to 9.75 Bq.kg-1, with an average value of 4.45 Bq.kg-1 and from 0.28 Bqkg-1 to 10.11 Bq.kg-1 with mean value of 5.49 Bqkg-1, respectively. Uranium concentration in ppm was calculated and its values were found to range from 0.36 to 13.07 ppm, which are comparable with different places around the world. The mass and surface radon exhalation rates vary from 0.079 Bqkg-1h-1 to 2.88 Bqkg-1h-1 with a mean value of 1.41 Bqkg-1h-1, and from 1.37 Bqm-2h-1 to 49.98 Bqm-2h-1 with a mean value of 24.47 Bqm-2h-1, respectively. Radium content is observed to be positively correlated with uranium concentration and with rates of radon exhalation in the study area, respectively.


Article
Preparation and Characterization Study of Porous Silicon Doped with Cu and Ag

Authors: U. M. Nayef --- A.M. Abdul Hussein --- A. J. Kata
Pages: 8-12
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Abstract

In this paper, porous silicon was prepared by using electrochemical etching technique of p-type silicon acceptor, with a resistivity of 1.5-4Ohm.cm, using hydrochloric acid with concentration of 24%. The etching current density effect 4, 12, 20mA/cm2 was carried out at constant etching time of 15min. The structural characteristics of the porous silicon and the doped porous silicon were studied and found an expansion in the spectrum of the X-rays and a simple shift in the diffraction angles while maintaining the surface direction (111). The morphological properties were studied using the atomic force microscope which showed pores formation and gives the pore diameter within the range of 19.08 to 44.73nm for the prepared samples. It was also noted that the rate of pore diameter and the thickness of the porous silicon layer increased with increasing etching current density. Electrical characteristics of the nanoscale porous silicon layer and the doped porous silicon with silver and copper showed that Current-Voltage (I-V) characteristics of the prepared samples to be a rectifying behavior. An improvement in the electrical characteristics of the doped porous silicon samples was observed


Article
E–Voting System based on Secret Sharing Scheme

Authors: N. M. G. Al-Saidi --- M. M. Abdulhadi
Pages: 13-18
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Abstract

The electoral process is considered as one of the important and sensitive operations that take place from time to time in all countries of the world and need to be protected. The importance of the electronic voting came because, it provides a maintaining for the secrecy of the vote, as well as, the speed, accuracy and credibility of the vote counts. This is due to the growing of the technology that always needs for electronic process and for new approaches to achieve high security. In this paper, a new E-voting system is designed based on secret sharing scheme. The new protocol is implemented to show its efficiency in terms of computational time and cost.


Article
Enhancement of Silicon Solar Cell’s Performance using Plasmonic Ag Nps

Authors: N.R. Abdulhameed --- H.A. Salih --- K.I. Hassoon --- A.K. Ali
Pages: 19-24
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Abstract

In this paper, Silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) were prepared by laser ablation in liquid (PLAL) technique for different laser energy in water. Then the Ag NPs were deposited on the surface of Si solar cells to enhance their plasmonic absorption. The UV-VIS, FTIR spectrometer, and the Atomic force microscope were used to study the optical properties, composition, and the surface morphology of the NPs, respectively. The atomic absorption spectroscopy was also used to find the amount of ablated material. It is found that after the thermal deposition of the water drops containing Ag NPs on the surface of Silicon solar cells, the short circuit current and the overall conversion efficiency (η) have been improved. The short circuit current density (Jsc) has been increased by 14% after the drop overcasting of Ag NPs (about 92 nm in size) on the surface of silicon solar cells. The relative increase in Jsc may be attributed to the enhance plasmonic absorption for the incident light due to the forward scattering of Ag NPs.


Article
On Generalized Permuting Left 3-Derivations of Prime Rings

Authors: A. K. Faraj --- S. J. Shareef
Pages: 25-28
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Abstract

-Let R be an associative ring. Park and Jung introduced the concept of permuting 3-derivation and they are studied this concept as centralizing and commuting. The main intent of this work is to generalize Park and Jung's results by introducing the concept of generalized permuting left 3-derivation on Lie ideal.


Article
Preparation, Full Characterization and Theoretical Studies for New Herniarin derivatives

Authors: K.F. AL-Azawi
Pages: 29-32
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Abstract

Novel Herniarin compounds were prepared and identified by UV–VIS, FTIR, NMR spectra. Theoretical Studies and molecular structure with optimized geometry were done by utilizing Density functional theory for the prepared compounds

Keywords

Herniarin --- HOMO --- LUMO --- Azo dyes --- DFT --- Diazonium salts reaction


Article
Study the Effect of Addition Silver Nanoparticle on Structure and Morphological Properties for PVDF Hollow Fiber

Authors: K.S. Shaker --- S.S. Shaker
Pages: 33-36
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Abstract

In this research was the study of the impact of silver nanoparticles solution on the structure and properties of the morphological membrane fibrous hollow PVDF through a dip PVDF Hollow fiber membrane in silver nanoparticle solution preparation via using laser ablation method. The characteristics of membrane and silver Nano particle solution and was examined using X-ray diffraction (XRD)and Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) also using laser particle size analyzer for Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs ) to measurement particle size to AgNPs.


Article
The Effect of Nanoparticles Additives on Impact Strength of Metal Matrix Composites

Authors: N.J. Abdul kader --- R.H. Mohammed --- M.M. Hanoos
Pages: 37-40
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Abstract

The impact strength of Al6061/SiC metal matrix composites reinforced with nanoparticles of weight percentage (3%, 6%, 9% & 12%) was studied. The composites were fabricated using liquid metallurgy technique. The results revealed that the Al6061/SiC metal matrix composites exhibited better hardness and impact strength than the Al 6061 alloy. Such improvement in the mechanical properties was observed with increasing the weight percentage of SiC nanoparticles and this increase both the hardness and impact strengths of the composites. The impact strength of 12 wt% nano SiCp aluminum composites showed the maximum strength. The effect of the nanoparticles was acted as barriers to dislocation motion. It is seen that the impact energy of the composites increase gradually with filler content increasing from 3 to 12 wt%. SEM were carried out to identify the uniform distribution of nanoparticles in composites.


Article
Numerical Solution for A Special Class of optimal Control Problem by using Hermite polynomial

Authors: S.S. Hasen
Pages: 41-45
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Abstract

In this paper, a numerical solution for solving a special class of optimal control problems is considered. The main idea of the solution is to parameterize the state space by approximating the state function using a linear combination of Hermite polynomial with unknown coefficients an iterative method is proposed in order to facilitate the computation of unknown coefficients. Some illustrated examples are included to test the efficiency of algorithm.


Article
Radium Isotopes Levels in Drinking-Water Samples

Authors: S.A. Amin --- A.A. Jassim
Pages: 46-49
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Abstract

Water is one of the most necessary substances on earth. In order to survive, all plants, animals and humans must drink water, and there is no life on earth if there is no water. Hence, water should be uncontaminated with any type of carcinogenic materials such as heavy metals, radioactivity or other pollutants and must be clear. In this work, drinking-water samples were examined and analyzed for radionuclide levels using NaI gamma spectrometer, as well as, estimated annual effective dose (AED) has been calculated. The values of 226Ra, 228Ra and 40K levels range from (0.12-0.35)Bq.L-1, (0.09-0.16)Bq.L-1 and (31.66-49.25)Bq.L-1, with mean values 0.29, 0.12 and 43.39 Bq.L-1, respectively. The total estimated annual effective dose gained from the combined ingestion of radium isotopes is found to start from 0.07 mSv.y-1 to 0.14 mSv.y-1 with an average value of 0.12 mSv.y-1. Therefore, the total (AED) for all samples is below the world standard value of 1mSv.y-1. Hence, drinking water is considered safe from the radiological point view and does not cause any significant health hazard for Baghdadi inhabitants.


Article
Synthesis, Structural and Spectroscopic Study of Complexes of Tetradentate Schiff Base Derived from MalonylDihydrazide with Cr(III), Mn(II), Co(II), Cu(II) and Zn(II) Ions

Authors: S.M. Al-Bayati
Pages: 50-56
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Abstract

This paper describes the synthesis of a new derivative dihydro-3H-indol-3-ylidene propane dihydrazide [L], which have been obtained from the reaction between malonyl di-hydrazide and an ethanollic solution of isatin. Tetradentatemacrocyclic ligand [L] was characterized by (C.H.N), (FT-IR), (UV-Vis), and 1H.NMR.A series of the used metal complexes have been synthesized by the prepared ligand [L] reaction with some transition metal ions. The isolated complexes were Cr(III), Mn(II), Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II) and Zn(II) also characterized using different techniques such as (FT-IR), and (UV-Vis) spectroscopies, (C.H.N), flam atomic absorption in addition to the magnetic susceptibility and molar conductivity measurement. Al complexes were octahedral in geometry except for Zn (II) complex, which was tetrahedral.


Article
Study of Characterization of Cupper Ferrites Thin Film Prepared by Pulse Laser

Authors: G.K. Salman --- S.S. Shaker --- A.H. Abd alsalam
Pages: 57-62
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Abstract

In this work, it has been used two methods to prepare ferrite thin film: festival “Auto combustion “and secondly “Pulse laser deposition” to synthesis copper ferrite as powder and thin film respectively. Different physical properties have been studied. XRD results indicated that synthesized ferrite as powder and thin film with two different energy (700-800) mJ prepared, where single cubic phase with spinel structure have. SEM photographs showed the spherical shape of particles with average size in range (88-109µm) and how these particles would create a uniform shape of film via laser with energy 800 mJ. Transmittance results showed that thin films prepared with low energy (i.e. 700 mJ) has higher transmittance as compared with that prepared via high energy. Furthermore more thin films band gap recorded increment from 3.8eV - 3.97 eV as laser energy increased from 700 mJ to 800mJ.


Article
Mobile Base Program for Drug-Drug Interactions (MBPDDIs)

Authors: N. L. Mohammed --- Sh. M. Saied --- A. H. Maray
Pages: 63-67
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Abstract

A mobile application program was used in performing a drug-drug interactions (DDIs) for drugs used in Iraq, depending on the drug-drug interactions chart (DDIsC) originated by Ninava Drug Industry (NDI). Two programs were used for designing this work; the first is Microsoft office access which is used to design the form which included the list of drugs and ten registers under it contain different drugs names (Access of drug was available through browsing therapeutic groups or searching for a brand name). If the drug in combo list interacts with more than ten drugs, the combo contains the same name of drug but with number 2, 3 and so on. The design which includes in mobile contains android system. In the second design of the drugs interaction a visual basic program is used. Two lists of drugs were used in this program. When a drug from the first list is selected with another drug from the second list, the symbol offer at text box.


Article
Domination and Independence on Square Chessboard

Authors: A.A. Omran
Pages: 68-75
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Abstract

In this paper, new idea for the problems of independence and domination on chessboard is introduced. Two classical chessboard problems of independence and domination on square chessboard with square cells of size


Article
Synthesis Nano Zinc Oxide Materials and Their Activity on Fungus Growth

Authors: A. J. Bohan --- E.D. Alhtheal --- Kh. S. Shaker
Pages: 76-84
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Abstract

In this study Zinc oxide Nano particles was synthesized by employing sol-gel technique to explore novel antifungal agents to beat the developed of fungi resistance to many conventional fungicides .Prepared of Zinc oxide Nano particles were investigated via using Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM, the VEGA Easy Probe), X ray powder diffraction (XRD) , FTIR spectrum, The antifungal properties of ZnO nanoparticles were tested against Fussarium spp., Alternaria spp. , Penicillium spp. , and Aspergillus spp. by using agar diffusion method. The percentage of growth was lowest comparison with control for all types of fungi when used zinc oxide Nano in different concentration.

Table of content: volume:35 issue:1 Part (B) Scientific