Table of content

Journal of Engineering

مجلة الهندسة

ISSN: 17264073 25203339
Publisher: Baghdad University
Faculty: Engineering
Language: Arabic and English

This journal is Open Access

About

The Journal Engineering was issued in 1986. It was Stopped from 1990 – 1997 because of the economic blockade. It restarted publication after the fourth scientific engineering conference for it published the papers that were accepted in the conference.
It is a scientific engineering journal refereed by specialized and qualified professors in most of the engineering fields and those Specialists in the issued by the college of Engineering university of Baghdad .It was serenely publibued , but from 2011 it has issued of monthly for the numerous papers submitted to the journal to publish their papers in this scientific journal in addition to some of the Arabs professors because the journal is considered one of the valued journals in the Arabic homelan .
Many professions were the head editor of the journal from its first issue. The first one was prof.dr. Laith Ismail Namiq then prof.dr. Mohammed A.Alawis ,prof.dr.Ali A Al – kilidar prof.dr. Abdul-Ilah Younis and currently Prof.dr.Qais S. Ismail.

AIMS AND SCOPE

The Journal of Engineering is an open access, monthly, refereed, peer-reviewed journal. It focuses on the different disciplines of engineering.

Its scope is to cover almost all the aspects of engineering and technology and their related topics. The Journal of Engineering tries to emphasize on publishing high-quality papers with an acceptable, professional and considerable background.

The submitted papers undergo plagiarism, a double-blind peer review by professionals in the paper specific specialty. This process is accomplished according to the Journal criteria of evaluation, where the manuscript, contents, and organization of the paper are to be checked. The papers will be available online for the readers.

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Contact info

Jadriyah, Baghdad
Iraq
Mobile:+964 7714076860
Email: info@jcoeng.edu.iq
https://www.jcoeng.edu.iq

Table of content: 2017 volume:23 issue:12

Article
A New Analytic Method to Tune a Fractional Order PID Controller
طريقة تحليلية جديدة لتنغيم المسيطر التناسبي-التكاملي -التفاضلي ذو الرتبة الكسرية

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Abstract

This paper proposes a new method to tune a fractional order PID controller. This method utilizes both the analytic and numeric approach to determine the controller parameters. The control design specifications that must be achieved by the control system are gain crossover frequency, phase margin, and peak magnitude at the resonant frequency, where the latter is a new design specification suggested by this paper. These specifications results in three equations in five unknown variables. Assuming that certain relations exist between two variables and discretizing one of them, a performance index can be evaluated and the optimal controller parameters that minimize this performance index are selected. As a case study, a third order linear time invariant system is taken as a process to be controlled and the proposed method is applied to design the controller. The resultant control system exactly fulfills the control design specification, a feature that is laked in numerical design methods. Through matlab simulation, the step response of the closed loop system with the proposed controller and a conventional PID controller demonstrate the performance of the system in terms of time domain transient response specifications (rise time, overshoot, and settling time).


Article
The Effect of Advertising Signs on the Urban Scene of Cities Centers
(أثر العلامات الإعــــلانية في المشهد الحضري لمراكز المدن) (الباب الشرقي – ساحة التحرير) حالة دراسية

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Abstract

research represents an applied study to the urban scene of Baghdad city center within the area of (Al Bab Al Sharqi – Al Tahrir Square) through studying and identifying the levels of the reciprocal correlation of advertising signs impact on urban scene , then finding out the indicators and potential values which have made advertising signs as positive value by achieving the mechanisms of visual quality or a negative value by achieving mechanisms of visual pollution. And then examining the resulted visual perception defect reforming mechanism from it and identify the basic elements represented of the laws and legislation known worldwide. When presenting the problem, The research depends on: (Lack of clear perception about the definition of advertising signs concept and their design characteristics (Semantic) impact on achieving the relationship of perceptual contact with the individual (recipient) in addition to its contribution in enhancing the visual quality and reducing the visual pollution situation on urban scene of the cities centers. In order to solve the research problem, the objective outlined as follows: (Reaching to building up an integrated theoretical model, by which the foundations and mechanisms of the main act of advertising signs are determined as communication and perception act between the individual (recipient) and urban scene , and their impact level on the scene in accordance with the concept of visual quality and visual pollution). The research hypothesis is as follows: (Lack of harmony in the advertising signs' design characteristics (Semantic) affects the efficiency of their performance as a communicational and perceptual act, and on diminishing the visual quality and increasing the visual pollution situation in urban scene of cities centers). The research reached to a number of conclusions, mainly: Baghdad city center (represented by study area) suffers visual pollution caused by misuse of advertising signs as a result of lack of harmony in the design characteristics (Semantic) and lack of mechanisms which identifies the methods of advertising signs usage in a manner that preserves the aesthetic value of the area. The study concludes several recommendations for the use of the advertising signs effectively as a means of communication with the recipient meanwhile to maintain the visual quality and to reduce the resulting visual pollution situation.


Article
Numerical Study of Heat Transfer Enhancement for a Flat Plate Solar Collector by Adding Metal Foam Blocks
دراسة عددية لتحسين الاداء الحراري لمجمع شمسي ذو الصفيحة المستوية بإضافة كتل من رغوة معدنية

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Abstract

Numerical study has been conducted to investigate the thermal performance enhancement of flat plate solar water collector by integrating the solar collector with metal foam blocks.The flow is assumed to be steady, incompressible and two dimensional in an inclined channel. The channel is provided with eight foam blocks manufactured form copper. The Brinkman-Forchheimer extended Darcy model is utilized to simulate the flow in the porous medium and the Navier-Stokes equation in the fluid region. The energy equation is used with local thermal equilibrium (LTE) assumption to simulate the thermofield inside the porous medium. The current investigation covers a range of solar radiation intensity at 09:00 AM, 12:00 PM, and 04:00 PM on the 8th of July 2016 under Iraq climate conditions, and a range of Reynolds number of (207


Article
Reservoir Characterizations and Reservoir Performance of Mishrif Formation in Amara Oil Field
الخواص المكمنية والأدائية المكمنية لتكوين المشرف / حقل العمارة

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Abstract

Mishrif Formation is the main reservoir in Amara Oil Field. It is divided into three units (MA, TZ1, and MB12). Geological model is important to build reservoir model that was built by Petrel -2009. FZI method was used to determine relationship between porosity and permeability for core data and permeability values for the uncored interval for Mishrif formation. A reservoir simulation model was adopted in this study using Eclipse 100. In this model, production history matching executed by production data for (AM1, AM4) wells since 2001 to 2015. Four different prediction cases have been suggested in the future performance of Mishrif reservoir for ten years extending from June 2015 to June 2025. The comparison has been made between these different cases to select the best case for developing the field that gives the highest recovery factor. The case-4 was chosen to be the best case involved adding 20 vertical production wells, 5 horizontal production wells and 5 vertical injection wells in the reservoir with plateau rate of 50MSTB/D in starting of prediction and dropping to reach 13.5 MSTB/D in end of the prediction and the cumulative production from the reservoir equal to 82 MMSTB and recovery factor reaching 9.06% at the end of 2025.


Article
Experimental Investigation of Nano Alumina and Nano Silica on Strength and Consistency of Oil Well Cement
التحري المختبري للنانواولومينات و النانوسيليكا على مقاومة و تماسكية سمنت الابار النفطية

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Abstract

In oil and gas well cementing, a strong cement sheath is wanted to insure long-term safety of the wells. Successful completion of cementing job has become more complex, as drilling is being done in highly deviated and high pressure-high temperature wells. Use of nano materials in enhanced oil recovery, drilling fluid, oil well cementing and other applications is being investigated. This study is an attempt to investigate the effect of nano materials on oil well cement properties. Two types of nano materials were investigated, which are Nano silica (>40 nm) and Nano Alumina (80 nm) and high sulfate-resistant glass G cement is used. The investigated properties of oil well cement included compressive strength, thickening time, density, free water and rheological properties. All tests are conducted according to API specification and proceed in Laboratory of Drilling in Petroleum Technology Department in University of Technology and in Missan Oil Company. The experimental results show that NS and NAL behave like accelerators when added to cement and work to increase the compressive strength at 38°C but these increasing in compressive strength changes when the temperature is increased to 60°C. Also, adding NS and NAL lead to increasing in rheological parameter and reduce free water but the change in density is very small. The results show that the effect of NAL on compressive strength and thickening time is greater than the effect of NS but the effect of NS on free water and rheology is greater than the effect of NAL.


Article
The Dynamic Behavior of Water Flowing Through Packed Bed of Different Particle Shapes and Sizes
السلوك الديناميكي للماء اثناء جريانه خلال عمود محشولجسيمات مختلفة الاشكال والاحجام

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Abstract

An experimental study was conducted on pressure drop of water flow through vertical cylindrical packed beds in turbulent region and the influence of the operating parameters on its behavior. The bed packing was made of spherical and non-spherical particles (spheres, Rasching rings and intalox saddle) with aspect ratio range 3.46 < D/dp < 8.486 obtaining bed porosities 0.396<ε<0.84 and Reynolds number 1217<〖Re〗_p< 21758. The system is consisted of 5 cm inside diameter Perspex column, 50 cm long; distilled water was pumped through the bed with flow rate 875, 1000, 1125, 1250,1375 and 1500 l/h and inlet water temperature 20, 30, 40 and 50 ˚C. The packed bed system was monitored by using LabVIEW program, were the results have been obtained from Data Acquisition Adaptor (DAQ).


Article
Cathodic Protection Design Algorithms for Refineries Aboveground Storage Tanks
خوارزميات تصميم الحماية الكاثودية لخزانات المصافي

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Abstract

Storage tanks condition and integrity is maintained by joint application of coating and cathodic protection. Iraq southern region rich in oil and petroleum product refineries need and use plenty of aboveground storage tanks. Iraq went through conflicts over the past thirty five years resulting in holding the oil industry infrastructure behind regarding maintenance and modernization. The primary concern in this work is the design and implementation of cathodic protection systems for the aboveground storage tanks farm in the oil industry. Storage tank external base area and tank internal surface area are to be protected against corrosion using impressed current and sacrificial anode cathodic protection systems. Interactive versatile computer programs are developed to provide the necessary system parameters data including the anode requirements, composition, rating, configuration, etc. Microsoft-Excel datasheet and Visual Basic.Net developed software were used throughout the study in the design of both cathodic protection systems. The case study considered in this work is the eleven aboveground storage tanks farm situated in al-Shauiba refinery in southern IRAQ. The designed cathodic protection systems are to be installed and monitored realistically in the near future. Both systems were designed for a life span of (15-30) years, and all their parameters were within the internationally accepted standards.


Article
Compression Index and Compression Ratio Prediction by Artificial Neural Networks
التنبؤ بمؤشر ونسبة الانضغاط بواسطة الشبكات العصبية الاصطناعية

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Abstract

Information about soil consolidation is essential in geotechnical design. Because of the time and expense involved in performing consolidation tests, equations are required to estimate compression index from soil index properties. Although many empirical equations concerning soil properties have been proposed, such equations may not be appropriate for local situations. The aim of this study is to investigate the consolidation and physical properties of the cohesive soil. Artificial Neural Network (ANN) has been adapted in this investigation to predict the compression index and compression ratio using basic index properties. One hundred and ninety five consolidation results for soils tested at different construction sites in Baghdad city were used. 70% of these results were used to train the prediction ANN models and the rest were equally divided to test and validate the ANN models. The performance of the developed models was examined using the correlation coefficient R. The final models have demonstrated that the ANN has capability for acceptable prediction of compression index and compression ratio. Two equations were proposed to estimate compression index using the connecting weights algorithm, and good agreements with test results were achieved.

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