Table of content

Alustath

الاستاذ

ISSN: 0552265X 25189263
Publisher: Baghdad University
Faculty: Education Ibn Rushd
Language: Arabic and English

This journal is Open Access

About

About the magazine
Issued by the Faculty of Education, Ibn Rushd scientific journal entitled (Journal of the professor), was her first release in 1952. In the beginning. It deals with scientific research, literature and the Arab and Islamic civilization, and contributes to the professors of colleges according to their competence to define the educational community in the Arab countries and abroad.
• the name of the magazine: -Alustath( Professor)
• Produced by: - Faculty of Education / Ibn Rushd
• the international number ((ISSN)):-0552-265X/E-2518-9263
• E-mail to the magazine: - alustath.journal@ircoedu.uobaghdad.edu.iq
• Year Released: --1952
• Type of release (quarterly, semi-annual): - quarterly.

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Email : alustath.journal@ircoedu.uobaghdad.edu.iq

Table of content: 2017 volume:1 issue:223

Article
Repetition in al hadith Semantic study in book of " alkashif an haqaq al- sunen" for al taibi(743a.h)
التكرار في الحديث النبوي الشريف دراسة دلالية في كتاب "الكاشف عن حقائق السنن" للطِّيبي(ت743هـ)

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Abstract

This paper deals with Semantic purposes whish involned Repetition in al hadith at the book of (alkashif an haqaq al- sunen" for al taibiwhish explained his author, book of " mishkat al- mesabih for al- tebrizi "died 741a.h" this nosearch proued al- taibi study in semantic feiled at al – hadith، then he became later agnate sample. This Repetition was not restrictedonly on one tyre of speech but involned all its parts such as nouns، nerbsletters also his analysis depends on literal meaning and goes such changes on meanings . This peper concludes that this book will he considered scientific encyclopedia because it involned difherent sciences in Arabic linguistics and Islamic studies.

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Article
تجليات التناص في المصطلح النقدي العربي القديم( )

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Abstract

The phenomenon of plagiarism has been commonly dealt with in Arabic criticism heritage,and many traditional Arab critics have written a specific part in their books covering this phenomenon under the title of "literary thefts". Literary thefts have been condemned in Arabic heritage as one poet takes some expressions or phrases from his predecessors, and such a tendency leads to the underestimation of the poet’s status. This phenomenon is called "citation" in Arabic rhetorics when the cited materials are extracted from the Glorious Qur'an or the Prophetic Traditions. This phenomenon has been given different names in Arabic heritage depending on the source of taken materials like sayings, poetry, etc. The phenomenon of plagiarism can be found in the poetic antithesis. Accordingly, plagiarism is the focus of this study. This study is organized around an introduction and three sections. Section one presents the concept of plagiarism from linguistic and terminological perspectivesa long with its history. Section two is limited to the different types of plagiarism in Arabic criticism heritage. Section three deals with the construction patterns of Arabic criticism heritage. Finally, conclusions are drawn out.

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Article
Manifestations of Persian civilization among the Arabs before Islam from Islamic poetry telescope
مظاهر الحضارة الفارسية بين عرب قبل الإسلام من منظار الشعر الجاهلي

Authors: أ.م.د. حسين مهتدي
Pages: 57-76
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Abstract

The Arab and Persian peoples since the old Testament neighbors, some of whom have contacted the other is better communication, particularly in the pre-Islamic and pre-Islamic times. The question that comes to mind is: What are the components that saved us pre-Islamic poetry manifestations of Persian civilization among the Arabs before Islam? Is poetry managed to convey the image of Persian culture that were common in the Arabian Peninsula? This article has addresses through poems ignorance manifestations of Persian culture in the lives of the Arabs before Islam. And it is designed to detect a relationship gallop capacity Arabs before Islam. Have we come to that Arabs were not Bmnazl events neighbor sophisticated, they even Aguetpsoa many landmarks his or her own and used it in all walks of life. The importance of this research look like when we did not find any source for the study of Persian civilization and culture of ancient pre-Islam, but rarely. As this study has shown us how civilizational and cultural friction between the Persians and the Arabs, they are extracted from the belly of the history of literature. The pre-Islamic poetry Kdioan Arabs keeping us through history tells us about the relationship between people of the Persian Bjarhm in ignorance. Researcher has adopted in his study on the descriptive approach of this article and will go on the descriptive and analytical.


Article
Humorous in poem of Al Baha Zohair
الفكاهة: مكانتها ومضامينها في شعر البهاء زهير

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Abstract

Satire, is a literary genre which has a special position among the scholars and poets; and is an art which in that, scholar or poet looks at the world, incidents, human and its society from a different aspect and by using humor and irony but in a critical way and with delicacy and elegance tries to explore and detect defects and problems which exist in passage of life. It can be said that the satire’s world, is a screen of realities of life and social, political, religious, ethic, cultural incidents which within it, happiness and sadness bind to each other and also it is a literary that by using it, poet or scholar intends to reform the thoughts, beliefs, individual and social behavior. Al Baha Zohair , one of the prominent Egyptian poets of Ayyubi and Fatemi time, in his poems mentions some of the social and individual incidents, abnormally of his time by using satire and ironic. The author of this article intends to introduce so of the literary capabilities of Ayyubi and Fatemi time through this literary genre.


Article
Formula (Fuaaila) in the Qur'an Al-Kareem between probabilistic interpretable and rhetoric miraculous
صيغة (فعيلة) في القرآن الكريم بين التأويل الاحتمالي والإعجاز البياني

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Abstract

The research started towards the establishment and construction to replace alongside their probabilistic interpretation hyperbolic and guidance may be intentional guidance. Based on linguistic miracle, which is to preserve the building verbal as it is in the Qur'an Al-Kareem without saying that adapter from another building and maintaining the unity of the installation, which includes a word without saying: It is fitting word to delete it or increase where else. It is then no justification for this quantum of multiple direct indication of the words of the Qur'an al-Kareem, which is the one book revealed the God is one and came down with one angel on the heart of the Prophet and one his words one uniform each leading one meaning indicating not a multiple suspicious interpretive faces. It is where sneaks it likely direction The permissible? Search has chosen to apply the idea of nine major examples of the Qur'an came to build Fuaaila, colorful sayings linguists and interpreters in touch significance both at the level of a single word or general construction. Those examples are: (rest and tranquility) and the two sides interpretation and (and the rest hostage) and two three aspects of interpretive and (pure and insight) and the two had four faces and (way) and the five aspects. And Praise be to Allah, the God of the Worlds.


Article
The impact of Linguistics In teaching Arabic language
أثر اللسانيات في تعليم اللغة العربية

Authors: م. د. أحمد حسين حيال
Pages: 135-152
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Abstract

Almost linguistics and language approach differ from those defined by the global history of linguistic studies, Including Arabic linguistic studies, I decided that the language linguistics subject of scientific study material, In this lesson linguistic began nearly shoved another contributed to the breadth of the research department, Accordingly God widened cognitive extents in most universities in the world, and its impact in the overall Linguistics Humanities. The pedagogical and teaching aids frontrunner in this effect, and as the teaching language is situated in the heart of the pedagogical department. It was the linguistics major impact on the development of Arabic language teaching, both speakers in Arab universities and secondary schools, or for non-native speakers.


Article
Identity and problematic affiliation in the Arab novel
الهوية واشكالية الانتماء في الرواية العربية

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Abstract

The affiliation main point in the Arab novel value, is a variety of different aspects and establishes a history of an entire people , they are the result of standard conditions, social and economic affected in Arab societies and pushed out towards the mixing or melt with other communities left on the impact of the problem in the national identity of the Arab individual .The research deal with the problem through the narrative texts raised the subject of discussion with the stand on homelands repellant models for their sons because of the circumstances and the pressure, on the contrary homelands attracting entrants from last nationalities. The research concluded that the main reason to loss of the identity of belonging to the homelands is the lack of community awareness of the individual which promotes belonging to his land and its components.

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Article
Mohammed Almagout poetry in his collection ( Seyaf Alzehour) Textual reading in Purposefulness
شعر محمد الماغوط في سيــــاف الزهور قراءة نصيّة في المقصدية

Authors: م.م. رافد جايد خضير
Pages: 167-194
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Abstract

Mohammed Almagout is a fruitful poetical character of innovative ideas , violating the standard system in thinking and writing. He aims to create intellectual and epistemological alternatives , to reach the future, where the targeted poetical dreams rather than reality. He is with humanistic vision seeking glimpses of hope. His poetical approach is humanistic targeting new horizons to provide life with purposefulness for the responder . The research problem: The research tackles the concept of ( purposefulness) as textual criteria , and basic condition in humanistic communication process, between the poet, the creator of coherence and aim connected text , and the responder , who intends to investigate the purposefulness. The research method and aim.The research follows textual approach, to explain the language of the poet in this collection, and to locate and investigate the mechanism of the poet purposefulness, where that opens a gap to show the text, and multiple readings. The purposefulness is of condensed dimension rather than significance rational , as in ordinary text.


Article
The Word "Baal" in the Old Testament (A Comparative Semitic Linguistic Study)
لفظة بعل في العهد القديم )دراسة لغوية سامية مقارنة(

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Abstract

The word "baal" means "husband", and the plural form is "baoola". The wife is likewise called "baal" or "baala". "Baal" is a Semitic noun for a Canaanite god or a god's son and husband to goddess "baala" or "Asheera" or "Ishtaroot". He was known as the god Hood who was a god of fields and cattle fertility. In sum, worshipping "baal" was common among the peoples of the East in the old time; that is why, we find he had different names. The reason was that each nation used a name that was known among its people. Any of his names would often start with "baal" and end with the name of that land or city. Alternatively, it would start with something attached to it, such as "baalfaghoor" or "Beelzebub". "Baal" had many priests who used to cheat people with their magic and sorcery which they relate to their god

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Article
Employ digital editing (non-consecutive) in enriching the filming of expression
توظيف المونتاج الرقمي (غير المتتالي) في إثراء التعبير الفلمي

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Abstract

Find boils down to is marked by (employing digital editing (non-consecutive) in enriching Filma expression), and the reflection of the digital montage to the enrichment of the movie film. And distributes research on five chapters, the first chapter dealt with the methodological framework of the research, which included the research problem and is as follows: What is the function of digital editing (non-consecutive) in enriching Filma expression? . And the importance of research.The objectives of the research. The second chapter, a theoretical framework and previous studies. And distributes the theoretical framework of the three sections, the first section contains digital technology. As well as film and digital technologies. The second topic dealt with digital editing devices (non-consecutive). And the third on the role of technology in some directorial processors. In the third chapter, which has been allocated to research procedures, which included the research methodology and the research community. The film is appointed:The Lord of the Rings Part III :The Return of the King. Directed by Peter Jackson, the production in 2003. Then the fourth quarter, Neshat sample analysis.The fifth chapter Vahtoy on the results, as well as the conclusions reached by the researcher. It must Research of this type that contains the sources supports the scientific research process.

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Article
The linguistic search among fundamentalists between inference and digression Mr. Al-Khoei discussed a model
البحث الكلامي عند الأصوليين بين الاستدلال والاستطراد بحث السيد الخوئي (قدس) أنموذجاً

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The relationship between science is one of the important issues that must be recognized by the researchers so as not to leave them and withdraw matters from science to other science without the benefit of scientific. Hence, the study dealt with one of the tenets of this relationship, the relationship between the science of speech and the doctrine of jurisprudence and the limits of the fundamentalist system model of one of the most prominent scholars of jurisprudence in the second half of the twentieth century, Mr. Abu al-Qasim al-Khoei. The research dealt with four words that were addressed in the science of assets: And the psychological and human actions and copies, which show from this system that in the sentence and in the detailed after the discursive research does not depend on the formation of rules in the science of jurisprudence, and therefore the researcher in the fundamentals of jurisprudence not to make them part of the system, In the science of speech has a link to some issues of jurisprudence.

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Article
Iraqi-British Relations After 2003
العلاقات العراقية - البريطانية بعد عام 2003

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Abstract

The British knew the importance of Iraq strategy since the beginning of the seventeenth century, so they planned to control it, and it became a big influence them there until 1914, when British forces occupied Iraq. Although Iraq's entry into the League of Nations and declared an independent state in 1932, but it remained under British influence until the 1958 revolution.Relations between the two countries had not stabilized after 1958, and in 1991 Britain participated Gulf War against Iraq and the severance of diplomatic relations. In 2003, Britain entered into an alliance with the United States to occupy Iraq, and after this date restored diplomatic relations between the two countries. And developed relations politically, economically and culturally after 2003.

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Article
The Libyan - Egyptian relation 1969-2005
العلاقات الليبية- المصرية 1969-2005

Authors: أ.م.د . منى حسين عبيد
Pages: 307-324
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Abstract

The research in the Egyptian - Libyan relation dates back to ancient history. The change of leaders and the political system had affected these relations ,so they had changed from being so close to unly passing through tension and even conflict There is long borders between the two countries more than a thousand kilo-which made some kind of social relations ship between the people of the two countries . the relation between the two states had grew stronger ,after their in dependence especially when Libya tried to follow the steps of Egypt during Nasir era, but their relations deteriorated after Egypt's peace treaty with Israel , but it had flourished buck in the nineties. In spite of the improvement in the relation. between the two part after 2003.on the economic level , it had passed through tensions because of the mutual acquisitions of the two authorities,the Egyptian and the Libyan because of Libyan decision to abandon weapons of mass distraction, and the Libyan close relations with the muslim brother hood in Egypt,the main opposition forcei-Egypt at that time.

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Article
Safariya Revolutions in the Maghreb Countries 122 AH - 143 AH / 740-760 Ad))
ثورات الصفرية في بلاد المغرب (122هـ740م—143هـ760م)

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This research deals with the revolutions of the Safariya in the Maghreb from the year 122 AH - 143 AH / 740-760 Ad . it presents the beginning of the emergence of the Safarian group, and its beliefs in the Arab Orient countries, then the research discusses the transfer of the principles of Safariya to the Maghreb countries, escaping the Umayyad state after Bloody revolutions which failed to achieve their goals in changing the regime, or control of a territory. Al-Safriya had chosen the Arab Maghreb countries for its distance from the centre of the Islamic Caliphate, and its knowledge of the acceptance of principles and ideas hostile to the Umayyad state. He also reviewed the revolutions of Al-Safriya during the reign of Abdullah bin Habab, and the battles fought by their adversaries, as well as the role of Hanthalah bin Safwan in resisting the Safriya, and victory over them, as well as the role of Abdulrahman bin Habib Fahri in suppressing the Safriya, and victory over them, and the role of Abu Al- Ibadi in addressing the Safriya , highlighting himself as the Imam who is Zahed, believer and defender of blood of Muslims, and their money, after committing Safriya violent crimes when they took control of Kairouan. And then the death of Abu al-Khatab by Muhammad ibn al-Ash'ath al-Khuza'i, which was approved by al-Mansur on the mandate of Morocco to eliminate the sedition and revolutions that emerged in the Maghreb. And finally the establishment of the safriyan state, which was later known as the state of Bani Madrar or Bani Wasul, and had taken from Sigalmassa as its capital

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Article
Military expenditures in the Umayyad era (40-132 H / 660-749 AD)
نفقات المؤسسة العسكرية في العصر الاموي (40-132 هـ/ 660- 749م)

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The military expenses in the Islamic Arabic state has been considered an important indicator that reflects the significance of the military system. Our current study aims to these military expenses in the era of Umayyad to specify the level of change in this institution from that level of Al-Rashidi era by bringing forth the changes that have been happened , besides placing terms for those who enter into the volume . This was prevailing over in the previous ages , but it was simple . It has been witnessed organizing volumes . The Umayyad state followed the rules placed by the caliphate " Omar Bin Al-Khatab" just like Sources of gifts from tributes and abscess and the surplus one placed in house of money; one should not take gift from charity. The distribution of the gift has been the reason for having the tribes of Levant ( Yemeni and Qaisi tribes)appear loyalty for Umayyad princes in return they will be given financial rewards and to be appointed in the jobs .IF the gift keeps on in Muharam Month (Islamic month) salaries to the soldiers will be paid since he lateness was causing problems for Umayyad caliphates . The heritage of gift remains applicable until the end of the Umayyad era , after it was applicable in Al-Rashidi era; besides , the Umayyad has organized and developed livings and established a special office for that. The booties in the era of Umayyad have got divided based on shares with the preference of the knight to the non-knight since the former has exerted efforts that will be explained in this current study.


Article
Soviet-German Conflict over Finland1941-1945
الصراع السوفيتي – الالماني على فنلندا1941- 1945

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Abstract

Soviet-German Conflict over Finland 1941-1944 is another phase of challenges that faced Finland to keep it's independence and sovereignty.It started as a result of German Barbarossa against Soviet Union in June 22nd,1941 and lasted for four years,when ended by armistice agreement signed in September 19th,1944.As what happened in the previous winter war,Finland lost many territories in her southern border,paid war indemnity of 300 million american dollar to Soviet Union,and the most important, it kept Finland behave wisely and peacefully along the next years.

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Article
Iraq's official position on political developments in Iran (1941-1945)
موقف العراق الرسمي من التطورات السياسية في ايران (1941 ــ 1945)

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Abstract

The events that took place in Iran during the second world war are considered an important item for Iraqi diplomacy and follow-up by the Foreign Ministry in Iraq. On the other hand, this Iraqi diplomacy was considered to be quite flexible when a reshuffle occurred. It was looking for its causes and linking them, and then adopting accurate scenarios to protect its interests. Iraq was not far from what was happening in Iran .When Mohammad Reza Pahlavi took power in Iran, The oil conflict has also existed. In addition to Iran's strategic position, making US intervention clear. Which prompted Iran to build an intimate relationship with the United States and strengthen its relations in all respects, especially when Ahmed assigned the strength of the Sultanate to form the ministry on the ninth of August 1924 and consider America a third force used by Ahmed Qawam as a bargaining chip to confront the British and Soviet Union in the region. After the issue of oil emerged on the political scene and at that time, the Iranian government took a deep breath in the embrace of the United States. In fact, Reza Shah Pahlawi inherited a backward country, especially in the economic field. He tried to reform the country's economic recession and make Iran to acquire a new stage, and the result of foreign demand for Iranian oil led to widespread reactions at the internal level and became pro-Western groups to reject the Soviet demand and solidarity with the independent. While the Iranian Communist Party (Toda Party) supported the request and held demonstrations for the immediate admission of the Soviet Union

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