Table of content

Alustath

الاستاذ

ISSN: 0552265X 25189263
Publisher: Baghdad University
Faculty: Education Ibn Rushd
Language: Arabic and English

This journal is Open Access

About

About the magazine
Issued by the Faculty of Education, Ibn Rushd scientific journal entitled (Journal of the professor), was her first release in 1952. In the beginning. It deals with scientific research, literature and the Arab and Islamic civilization, and contributes to the professors of colleges according to their competence to define the educational community in the Arab countries and abroad.
• the name of the magazine: -Alustath( Professor)
• Produced by: - Faculty of Education / Ibn Rushd
• the international number ((ISSN)):-0552-265X/E-2518-9263
• E-mail to the magazine: - alustath.journal@ircoedu.uobaghdad.edu.iq
• Year Released: --1952
• Type of release (quarterly, semi-annual): - quarterly.

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Contact info

Email : alustath.journal@ircoedu.uobaghdad.edu.iq

Table of content: 2017 volume:2 issue:223

Article
Cartographic analysis of the Buffers on Kinder garten education service the city of Bagubah in the city of Baquba for the year 2015
التحليل الخرائطي لأنطقة الخدمة التعليمية لرياض الأطفال في مدينة بعقوبة لسنة 2015

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Abstract

Maps are different kinds of geographic tools and effective method in the study of different geographical facts, , in particular drawing maps showing the educational ranges for government and private Kindergarten stages which are urgent necessities to study the reality of this service and its importance for the inhabitants of the city of Baquba neighborhoods . Modern techniques were used in mapping the educational scales for government and private Kindergarten in terms of their geographical distribution on neighborhoods of the city and mapping educational ranges for these Kindergartens and deficit map for kindergartens in the city in addition to the number of tables in order to come to know the suitability of this distribution, patterns and adequacy for the inhabitants of the city as expressed in a number of maps and use appropriate cartographic methods to draw In order to deliver information to the reader easily.


Article
Thermal characteristics and their impact on tourism in Iraq
الخصائص الحرارية وأثرها على السياحة في العراق

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Abstract

Tourism is know as asset activities protied by in dividuals, travelers and resident in places out side the usual environment for aperiod not exceeding one year for resection, trade or other purpose. Classified Tourism to several patter including religious, recreational and the rapeution sports, etc. and Tourism is of great sign if icance in advancing economic and social environment forwards asit has become the activity of the fast growing markets and depend on the climate in the first place and the study relied style of analysis climate Date for dry temperature the feeling of perfect comfort classified province un comfortable cold winter an noving to the city of mousl, Rutba, Baghdad and given the symbol Dandis given the cities of Amara and Kut code c from the comfort of the third place, While the city of Basra are given the symbol A perfect comfort. And the southen areas attractive for Tourism in he winter especially the city of Basra is considerd The Northern regions, repellent for Tourism especially the city of mousl. Deduce the values of rates of comfort effective temperature by feeling annoying un comfort extreme heat in all of the month of June, July Augustin September in all the governora tes of Iraq. Especially in the Southeren provin while Rutba city is best cities in Iraq in terms of feeling comfort for years The ideal comfort confined values (15-20) to guide, the effective temperature (17- 25) and Applied the equation on the Iraqi Provineces of mosul, Baghdad, Rutba, Kut, Amarah, Basea for the period from 2000- 2010 and davis also used the modified equation that uses dry temperature and the number of hours of sun shine and relative humidity which give the tourist guide climate and applied for stations distributed across Iraq.

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Article
Spatial investigation of Ground water in Al-Bassiya Area (District) and Deternination for use agriculture
التحليل المكاني للمياه الجوفية في ناحية البصية وتقييم صلاحيتها للارواء الزراعي

Authors: م.د. محمد بهجت ثامر
Pages: 33-52
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Abstract

The research aims to study The Spatial Variation of Ground Water in al-bsia district , slman township in al-muthana governorate and their validity for agrarian irrigation . the research contains the study of characteristics Quality and chemical of ground water in the study area . it's (hydrogen Electrical wiring Calcium ion , Sodium ions , Potassium ions, Potassium ions, Nitrates Magnesium ions . the result of Analyses for quality characteristics showed that the average of (ph) reached (7.5) . differences--values of turbidity in the wells of the study area reached between (73-323) and unit (NTu) at a rate of (207.3) a unit. The value of the electrical wiring Ec ranged between (280-6216) micromose / cm and at a rate of (916.4), while values ranged (PH) between (02/08 to 04/06), and when compared to those values of the parameters and standards permitted, we find that all of the sites did not exceed the reason for this is the lack of contribution of industrial activity in the study area. The chemical properties of the groundwater showed a variation in the values from one place to another. the average of sulfate ions(34.9) (so4) . either the average of nitrate ions reached (no3) (5.3) whille the average rate of becarbonate reached (.2) and the average of chloride ion (cl) reached (16) The evaluation of ground water for agricultural purposes proves that (2.81%)of the water of the wells selected falls under the classification (excellent) while (17.4%) falls under the classification of ( permissible) which means that it is permitted to use such water for irrigation. And ( 60.8%) of them falls under the classification (good) which means that such water is good for irrigation.


Article
The Evolution of Economic acftivity in Zanzibar during the reign of Sayyid Said bin Sulton for (1856-1832)
تطور النشاط الاقتصادي في زنجبار في عهد السيد سعيد بن سلطان 1832-1856

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Abstract

The Research tackles the economic Situation in Zanzibar for4 the Period (1856-1832) the Duration of the rule of Mr.Said bin Sultan on east Africa. It represents the actual and direct Omani rule Over the Political entities Scattered along the east Coast of Africa under the control of a Unified central government after Mr. Said was taken from Zanzibar his Capital in 1832 of ter that he became the actual ruler of east Africa.

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Article
Involvement of Arabic language Grammar Book for The Tenth Grade Students in Jordan ( An analytical study)
إشراكية كتاب قواعد اللغة العربية لطلبة الصف العاشر الأساسي في الأردن ( دراسة تحليلية)

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Abstract

This study aimed at knowing the extent of student's involvement of Arabic language grammar book for the tenth grade students in Jordanthrough answering the study two questions: First question: what is the degree of involving the Arabic language grammar book for the tenth grade students regarding displaying the scientific material? Second question: what is the degree of involving the Arabic language grammar book for the tenth grade students in Jordan regarding the activities? To answer the study questions, the researcher has used (Romyes Formula) to determine the degree of involving the book for the students in showing the scientific materials, and the activities. The population of the study consisted of the Arabic language grammar book for the tenth grade students in Jordan for the academic year (2016-2017). The researcher chosen the sample of the study randomly from the textbook , four subjects were chosen with average (25%) from the total subjects of the Arabic grammar textbook its total is (16) subjects (the scientific material ) and regarding the activities, all of them were calculated they were found to be (74) activities. The researcher has confirmed the analysis consistency by comparing the content analysis in the two times after two weeks, and by analytical comparison of the colleague’s analysis. The results revealed the analysis stability the material display, that the consistency percentage between the first analysis and the repeated analysis of the scientific material reached (84%), and Kappa Coefficient was (83%) while the consistency percentage between the researcher's analysis and his colleague reached (76%), and Kappa Coefficient was (75%). After applying the study instrument to the analyzed sample, the findings of the study revealed that the coefficient of the material display reached (0.07), which is less than the material limit, while for the activities the degree of involvement reached (0.47), which is within the limits. In the light of the findings of the study, the researcher recommended a set of recommendations at the end of the study.


Article
Good preparation for teaching and its relationship to classroom discipline management from the perspective of teachers
الإعداد الجيّد للتدريس وعلاقته بإدارة الضبط الصفي من وجهة نظر المدرسين

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Abstract

The research aimed to identify good preparation for teaching and its relationship to classroom discipline management from the perspective of teachers, as descriptive and analytical approach was adopted. The research community was determined which consists of (3822), school teacher, a sample was selected randomly with statistics rate (5.232%) of the research community, as the number of respondents was 200 teachers in secondary schools. Questionnaire was built which included 40 items distributed among four areas. And the two researchers made sure of its validity and reliability. Research data were analyzed using program (SPSS), and the researchers applied the questionnaire in the academic year 2016-2015and the reached the following results: There is a very strong relationship between the teaching preparation and management of classroom discipline, and planning to teach has achieved the highest results in this relationship as being the key to success, and there are no statistically significant differences attributable to three set variables differences (sex, experience, and specialization). In the end, a number of recommendations were put in the lightoftheresultsachieved.


Article
The moral exiety and motivation trend whith the student of kinder garten section
القلق الأخلاقي وعلاقته بالتوجهات الدافعية لدى طالبات قسم رياض الأطفال

Authors: أ.م.د. بشرى حسين علي
Pages: 115-154
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Abstract

The present research aimed to know :- 1-leve moral anxiety students kindergarten department . 2-Level of motivation (internal- external) students kindergarten department. 3-Correlative relationship between moral anxiety and motivation(internal-external) students kindergarten Department. Search sample consisted of ( 100 ) students of the the kindergarten Department students for the academic year 2014-2015 ،the researcher has prepared ethical concerns and trends scales ، the motivation( internal-external )،and applied the scales on students kindergarten Department ،then handled data using the pearson correlation coefficient to find to consistency and relationship coefficient between moral anxiety and motivation(internal-external )،as one researcher sample t-test is used to find the significance of the difference between the arithmetic average of the scales (moral anxiety and motivation)،The search results have come to :The kindergarten students have amoral exited. And The kindergarten students have external motivation. And There is appositive relationship between amoralexiety and motivation tren .

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Article
Islamic Educational Thought until 656 AH / 1258 AD Analytical study of factors affecting its development
الفكر التربوي الإسلامي حتى 656 هـ / 1258 م دراسة تحليلية في العوامل المؤثرة في تطوره

Authors: أ.م.د. علاء صاحب عسكر
Pages: 155-172
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Abstract

The Arab Islamic heritage, with its humanitarian values and of noble meanings should utilize them and develop a sense of our contemporary generations intellectual autonomy in education and refer to our Islamic heritage to build a base of educational and philosophical ideas. The obvious vision for the future of our Muslim generations requires a depth study of our intellectual heritage and meditation. The interest of the nation of its inherited intellectual power is the scientific output of the Arab-Islamic culture. In our current study which includes four chapters we review the factors that influenced the construction and development of the Islamic educational thought since the era of prophecy until the demise of the Abbasid Caliphate, starting with religion and its role as a determinant of the educational values in the community, both at the level of institutions or social values stating historical, political, social, scientific and cultural factors that played an influential role in the formulation, refinement and building the Islamic educational Thought and its evolution. And the most prominent Islamic educational thought that contributed in the identification and development of educational thought trends across the development of Arab-Islamic civilization.

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Article
The effectiveness of the use of cognitive trips through the Internet in developing the skills of mathematical thinking and the trend towards mathematics among middle school students
فاعلية استخدام الرحلات المعرفية عبر الانترنت في تنمية مهارات التفكير الرياضي والاتجاه نحو الرياضيات لدى طلاب المرحلة المتوسطة

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Abstract

This paper aims to explore The Effectiveness of WEB QUESTS in Developing Mathematical Thinking and Attitudes towards Mathematics for Intermediate School Students. The research using the Analytical Descriptive Methodology in preparing the Mathematical Thinking List that needed for the Intermediate School Students, preparing Unite in the first semester Grade eight school Mathematics as WEB Quests, Mathematical Thinking Test, and the Attitudes towards Mathematics scale. Using the Quasi experimental Methodology in doing the experiment, pre and post applied of the Mathematical Thinking Test, and the Attitudes towards Mathematics scale. The result revealed that, The WEB QUESTS has Effectiveness in Developing Mathematical Thinking and Attitudes towards Mathematics for the experimental sample. Then, recommendations and suggestions were presented.


Article
The impact of fish bone strategy and climb the plateau in the acquisition of the historical concepts and retain the students first grade average
أثر استراتيجيتي عظم السمك وتسلق الهضبة في اكتساب المفاهيم التاريخية واستبقائها لدى طالبات الصف الاول المتوسط

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Abstract

This research aims to identify the impact of the strategies of fish and climb bone plateau in the acquisition of the historical concepts and retain the female students in the first grade average, the researcher chose the sample of 104 students was selected Qsidia of medium (halo girl Khuwaylid) affiliated to the General Directorate for Educational Karkh II / Baghdad for the academic year 2014-2015m, Have been distributed to three groups remuneration of (35) students in the experimental group first started studying the strategy fish bone, and the second experimental group was (35) a student who is studying the strategy of climbing the plateau, while the third group, a control group, reaching 34 students studied in the traditional way and coined the researcher (60) items of multiple choice, is the honesty of a good test specifications after a presentation to a group of experts and obtained (80%), and at a rate stability (80%), and Cava researcher three groups in a number of variables, namely, (chronological age calculated-month period, and academic achievement for the father and mother, and intelligence) The researcher found the following results: 1-superiority of the first students of the experimental group, who studied the strategy of fish bone on the second experimental group students who studied in accordance with the strategy and climb the plateau in the acquisition and retention of historical concepts. 2. superiority of the first students of the two experimental groups, who studied the strategy of fish bone and the second studied according to the strategy and climb the hill to the control group which studied the traditional way to acquire and retain historical concepts.

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Article
The development of critical thinking skills among adults
تطور مهارات التفكير الناقد لدى الراشدين

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Abstract

The present research paper aims at identifying the development of critical thinking skills among adults according to the variables of age (19 – 21 – 23) and sex (males and females) and Identifying statistically significant differences in critical thinking skills among Adults according to the variables of Age (19 – 21 – 23) and sex (males and females). The sample of the current research paper consists of (240) males and females students in the amount of (80) for each age (19 – 21 – 23). The data have been collected by applying critical thinking test. The research has verified the psychometric characteristics represented by validity and consistency the paper has come out to the following findings: 1. University adult students do not have any kind of critical thinking. 2. It is found that the study does not show any statistically significant differences according to the variable of sex. 3. The critical thinking among adults takes a development temporary course. 4. It is found that there are statistically significant differences in the critical thinking to according the Age group (19 – 21). 5. There is no any effect of interaction between the two variables of Age and Sex in the critical thinking.


Article
The effectiveness of a computerized learning material for literary criticism for the students of the sixth grade literary education program
فاعلية برنامج تعليميّ تعلميّ محوسب لمادة النقد الأدبيّ لطالبات الصف السادس الأدبي

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Abstract

aims current research to identify the impact of learning computerized material literary criticism educational program for the students of the sixth grade literature, and to achieve the goal Find prepared researchers educational program learning computerized teaching of literary criticism, and opted for researchers and about my purpose a sample of 68 female students from a middle eastern gate Girls in Baghdad, the Directorate of Educational Karkh II, for the academic year (2015-2016), and has one of the researchers taught the research groups themselves, and after analyzing the data using the Pearson correlation coefficient, and Chi square 2, the equation discrimination coefficient, and reached the

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Article
Effectiveness Model Vreir at acquisition Concepts Matter Social Studies I have Students Class Fifth Primary
فاعلية أنموذج فراير في اكتساب مفاهيم مادة الاجتماعيات لدى تلاميذ الصف الخامس الابتدائيّ

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The current research aims to identify the (effective Onmodj Fryer in acquiring the concepts of material sociology at the fifth-grade elementary students), formed the research sample of 85 students from fourth grade literature students at the School of basic emerald of the General Directorate for Educational Baghdad's Rusafa / second. For the academic year (2016-2017). I chose the researcher randomly Division (b) to represent the first experimental group and number (42) students, and Division (c) to represent the second experimental group and number (43) students. Find the two sets of students was rewarded before starting experience in a number of statistical variables, namely, (chronological age measured in months and the level of intelligence and educational attainment of the parents). Then try researcher adjust the number of extraneous variables that may affect the variables followers, and select the first quarter and the second from the textbook taught in the experiment, formulas (20) behaviorally target in light of the overall objectives and content of scientific material, and offered a group of professionals and arbitrators, and then prepared Researcher plans exemplary in teaching the material-specific experience, using the model Fryer for the students of the experimental group, the traditional way (normal) for the control group students, and presented to a group of arbitrators and experts in teaching methods and measurement and evaluation, and studied two groups of research himself. The researcher developed a test to gain concepts in social studies material consists of (20) items of multiple choice.

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