Table of content

Basrah Journal of Agricultural Sciences

مجلة البصرة للعلوم الزراعية

ISSN: 18175868
Publisher: Basrah University
Faculty: Agriculture
Language: Arabic

This journal is Open Access

About

Scientific journal issued by the College of Agriculture, University of Basrah, which publishes the results of original research and articles published papers in both Arabic and English in the fields of Animal Resources, Fisheries and Marine Resources, Food Science, Horticulture and Landscaping, plant protection, Soil and Water Sciences, Field Crops, Agricultural Machinery, Biology.

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Phone Number:07801472536
Email: atheeralibu@gmail.com

Table of content: 2017 volume:30 issue:2

Article
Performance Study of Moldboard Plow with Two Types of Disc Harrows and Their Effect on Some Soil Properties Under Different Operating Conditions

Authors: Sadiq J. Muhsin
Pages: 1-15
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Abstract

A field experiment was conducted in two different locations at Agricultural Research Station of Garmat Ali in Basrah-Iraq. The aim of this investigation is to evaluate the effective field capacity, field efficiency, draft force, pulverization index (PI), soil bulk density and soil porosity for moldboard plow (primary tillage), mounted disk harrow and offset disk harrow (secondary tillage) under different operating speed (2.54 (S1), 3.84 (S2) and 5.77 (S3) km hr-1) in two different soil textures (silty loam soil and clay soil). The design of the experiment was complete randomized blocks design in factorial experiment. The results showed that the moldboard plow had high values of draft force, pulverization index (PI) and soil porosity and lower soil bulk density, effective field capacity and field efficiency than that of mounted disk harrow and offset disk harrow in both soils. The operating speed and the interaction between operating speed and implements tillage type had significantly affect (p < 0.05) on all the studied parameters. The silty loam soil achieved higher effective field capacity, field efficiency, soil porosity (low bulk density) and considerable pulverization of soil clods than that of clay soil. The results also showed that the optimal operation conditions of implements tillage were associated with high operating speed of 5.77 km hr-1 in silty loam soil especially with using the disks harrow.


Article
ecord of Two Anuretes Species (Copepoda: Siphonostomatoida) from Fishes of the Arab Gulf, Off Iraq

Authors: najim R. Khamees --- Thamir K. Adday
Pages: 16-26
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Abstract

Two species of the genus Anuretes: Anuretes anomalus Pillai, 1967 and A. branchialis Rangnekar, 1953 were recorded from gills of Diagramma pictum (Thunberg, 1792) and Platax teira (Forsskål, 1775), respectively. Fishes were caught off coast of Iraq during the period from January 2011 till April 2012. Illustrated descriptions of both parasites have been given. The prevalence and mean intensity of infection were 58.3% and 7.3, for A. anomalus and 24.6% and 4.2, for A. branchialis.

Keywords

Fish --- Diagramma --- Platax --- Parasites --- Caligidae --- Anuretes.


Article
Production of Biodegradable Film from Soy Protein and Essential Oil of Lemon Peel and Use it as Cheese Preservative

Authors: Shayma T. G. Al-Sahlany
Pages: 27-35
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Abstract

Soy protein with essential oil of lemon peel was used to produce a biodegradable film, which showed inhibition activity against some species of selected bacterial strains. The films were white cheese coating and studied for its biodegradation in the soil. The percentage of soy protein extract was 15% (W: W) while the percentage of lemon peel essential oil was 3% (V: W). The GC-MS result of lemon peel essential oil consisted of 38 compounds, of which the main compound is D-Limonene in 63.43%. The films produced showed inhibition activity against both Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria. Inhibition activity was highest against Staphylococcus aureus (22 mm zone), while E. coli O157: H7 had the lowest inhibition (18mm) when 0.1mL of essential oil with 10mL film mixed. The coating process of white cheese reduced the total microbial population (CFU/g) during 30 days of storage time. The TCB, TC, ST and MY of cheese coating were 4.28, 1.53, 1.62 and 1.33 log. CFU/g respectively after 30 days compared to the cheese non-coating samples, with 6.53, 2.51, 3.17 and 1.81 log. CFU/g, respectively. The biodegradation in soil was 97 and 72% for soy protein film and soy protein film with lemon peel essential oil after 35 days.


Article
Studying the Effect of Implement of Two Plowing Depths and Manure Mixing with Soil on the Soil Moisture Content

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Abstract

A field experiment was carried out in silty clay soil at Agricultural Research Station of Garmat Ali in order to study the effect of the plowing depths and manure application on soil moisture content at different soil depths (0-10 (d1), 10-20 (d2), 20-30 (d3), 30-40 (d4), 40-50 (d5) and 50-60 cm (d6)) and two periods (after plowing and after harvesting the sunflower crop). The experiment was conducted using an implement of plowing and manure mixing with soil, which consists of two main parts (two moldboard plows and two subsoilers).The implement was designed and manufactured in the Agriculture machines and Equipment Department in 2015. The treatments used in the study were included two levels of manure application (0 and 45.5 ton ha-1) and two plowing depths of moldboard plow (M) with three plowing depths of subsoiler (S). They were 20 cm of moldboard plow with 20, 30 and 40 cm of subsoiler (M20S20, M20S30 and M20S40), and 30 cm of moldboard plow with 10, 20 and 30 cm of subsoiler (M30S10, M30S20 and M30S30). The results showed that the soil moisture content (MC) was significantly decreased with increasing the plowing depths by the moldboard plows and subsoilers especially after soil plowing. While, the MC significantly increased with increasing the soil depth after the plowing and after harvesting the crop. In contrast, mixing the manure with soil at level 45.5 ton ha-1 by the manufactured implement increased the soil moisture content by 10.73% after the plowing and by 2.33% after the harvesting the sunflower crop compared with untreated soil with manure.


Article
First Record of the Lessepsian Migrant Smith's Cardinalfish Jaydia smithi Kotthaus, 1970 (Pisces: Apogonidae) from Syrian Marine Waters

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Abstract

Five individuals of Smith's cardinalfish Jaydia smithi were collected from Ibn-Hani area, Lattakia, Syria on the eastern coast of the Mediterranean Sea. Their morphometric and meristic characteristics are reported. There are several factors which assisted this specimen to reach this area of the Mediterranean; some of these factors might be the marine environment changes and the ballast water. This study reports that Smith's cardinalfish Jaydia smithi, a member of Lessepsian species was found in Syrian marine waters for the first time.


Article
Effect of Supplementation Different Levels of Vitamin E and Pumpkin Seed Oil to the Diet on Productive, Physiological and Reproductive Performance of Japanese Quail

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Abstract

The principal goal of this study was to evaluate whether dietary vitamin E and pumpkin seed oil would affect the productive, physiological and reproductive performance of Japanese quail by using 120 birds at 22 weeks of age. The birds were randomly distribution into five dietary groups 24 birds each group contain three replicated pens, as follow: First group: kept on basal diet without any addition as control group, second and third groups were fed the basal diet supplemented with 150 and 200 mg/ kg vitamin E /kg of diet, fourth and fifth groups were fed the basal diet supplemented with 15 and 30 ml/kg pumpkin seed oil /kg of diet respectively. The results showed a significant improvement in egg production (H.D%), egg number, egg weight and egg mass produced for the vitamin E (200mg/ kg of diet) compared with the other groups. Additionally, the results showed that vitamin E (200mg/ kg of diet) significantly increased gonads relative weight , testes development, egg characterizes and serum testosterone, estrogen, FSH and LH hormones compared with other groups. Also, the birds were fed on 15 and 30 ml seed pumpkin oil/ kg of diet were significantly increased in the most parameter compared with control group. It can be concluded that the addition of vitamin E (200 mg/kg of diet) and pumpkin seed oil (30ml of diet), had positive effects on gonads, testicular histology, egg production and serum testosterone, estrogen, FSH and LH hormones concentration.


Article
Efficacy of Some Aromatic Plant Extracts on Treating the Eggs of the Common Carp (Cyprinus carpio L.) Against Fungal Infection in Comparison with Traditional Fungicide Malachite Green

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Abstract

The current study was carried out in Basrah Prawn Hatchery during the period from 23 March 2016 till 15 April 2016. Water extracts of four species of aromatic plants: garlic Allium sativum L., eucalyptus Eucalyptus camaldulensis Deh., mint Mentha spicata L. and ginger Zingiber officinale Roscoe were used as alternative materials instead of malachite green to control the pathogenic fungus Saprolegnia parasitica on eggs of the common carp Cyprinus carpio. The reason of using these substituted materials used here is to avoid the carcinogenic effect of malachite green for producers, consumers and abnormalities malformations of fish fries, contamination of the aquatic environment and economic losses resulted from malformation of fish larvae. The results showed significant differences in the sterilization ratio with the studied plants according to species and concentration of the extract in comparison with that of malachite green. The results showed that with application of 100% of the stock solution (full strength of garlic extract), the activity of treatment reached 96%, while lowest activity of sterilization reached 90% with using 100% ginger extract as compared to malachite green (99%). The number of alive fish larvae differs according to the species of the plant; the highest number of alive fish larvae (18694 larvae) was achieved with ginger, while the lower number (12320) was with eucalyptus in comparison with malachite green (13878). No such malformation in the larvae was occurred when treated with garlic, ginger and mint, while just 1% (non-significant) of malformation occurred with eucalyptus in comparison with malachite green (7%).


Article
Inhibition Activity of Mycorrhizal Fungi Glomus mosseae and G. intradicas with Trichderma harizanum Against Rhizoctonia solani in Okra Plant Abelmoschus esculentus (L.)

Authors: Abdulnabi A.A. Matrood --- Azher H. Al-Taie
Pages: 72-82
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Abstract

The agricultural production processes currently targeted reducing chemical fungicides usage and increasing bio-agent application through controlling diseases alone or integrating it with other factors. The study aimed to investigate the induction of systemic resistance by multi bio-agents represented by mycorrhizal fungi Glomus mosseae, G. intradicas and Trichoderma harizanum against pathogenic fungus Rhizoctonia solani which caused wilt disease and growth defoliation to Okra seedling. Three isolate of R. solani were recorded on root of Okra seedling, named (local - Batra). Isolate no. (3) was more virulence than other isolates in damping off disease in the pre and post emergence. Results also showed that G. mosseae and G. intradicas with T. harizanum had a positive influence in reducing detrimental effect of R. solani in all growth parameters (e.g. fresh and dry weight of root) on disease severity on Okra plant caused by R. solani. Bio-agents (G. mosseae,G. intradicas and T. harizanum) increased resistance in Okra plants by raising production of enzymescatalase and Peroxidase.this experiment was revealed that using a complex of bio-agent’s factors were greatly increase the efficiency of biological control than using each of them individually. We conclude that the broad diversity of rhizosphere micro-organisms as well as the confronting between the bio-chemical and physical changes could be reflected the variations in the metabolic secondary products that could inhibit pathogens.


Article
The Effect of Vitamin E and PMSG Treatment during Breeding Season on some Biochemical Parameters and Reproductive Trails for two Breeds of Sheep

Authors: Waleed Y. Kassim
Pages: 83-90
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Abstract

This study was conducted in the animal field of College of Agriculture, University of Basrah from 17 May to 15 October 2015, to investigate the influence of treatment of vitamin E and PMSG during breeding season on some biochemical parameters and reproductive characteristics in sheep. A total of 48 ewes included 24 Arabi and 24 Najdi, ewes from each breed were divided randomly into two groups, 12 ewes as control group and 12 ewes as treatment group with vitamin E and PMSG. The results showed an improving the weights at pre-parturition and post-parturition, twice percentage and placenta characteristics in treated group for each breeds compared with control groups. The fertility was high in Arabi treated group in comparison with Najdi breed. However, Najdi was significant improved in placenta characteristics in comparison with Arabi breed. Glucose, vitamin C and zinc concentrations in serum were significant increase in serum during post-parturition in both two breeds. Serum prolactin hormone concentration significant decreased during breeding and pre-parturition periods compared with post-parturition in both two breeds. Arabi ewes showed a significant increase in glucose allantois fluid and a significant decrease in cholesterol allantois fluid compared with Najdi ewes.

Table of content: volume:30 issue:2