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مجلة ديالى للعلوم الصرفة

ISSN: 83732222/25189255
الجامعة: جامعة ديالى
الكلية: العلوم
اللغة: Arabic and English

This journal is Open Access

حول المجلة

مجلة جامعة ديالى للعلوم الصرفة مجلة علمية فصلية تصدر عن كلية العلوم في جامعة ديالى وباللغتين العربية وألأنكليزية وتهدف للمساهمة في تطوير المعرفة وذلك بنشر البحوث الأصيلة والمراجعات في مختلف العلوم الصرفة والتطبيقية، بحيث تكون سجلاّ للدراسات في هذين المجالين.

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معلومات الاتصال

admin@djps.uodiyala.edu.iq
diyalajournal@gmail.com

جدول المحتويات السنة: 2018 المجلد: 14 العدد: 1 - Part 1

Article
Storage Architecture for Network Security in Cloud Computing
معمارية أمن التخزين في الحوسبة السحابية

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الخلاصة

Cloud Computing is seen as greatly accessible computing resources as an outward service granted from the world wide web. As an economical view, the cloud computing key is that consumers are free to use whatever they want, and pay for the services they want. The accessibility of the resources from the cloud is obtainable whenever users want and wherever they are. Therefore, users are free to purchase the IT service that they want and they do not have to be concern more about the manner that maintainable things can be beyond the positions. New model for data storage computing which considers as a web-based generation utilizes remote servers. The challenging needed to be undertook in cloud computing is the safety of information of service sources' site. Thus, this study suggests that designing new construction for the security of information storage with variety functions where information encrypted and split into many cipher blocks and disseminated between a large number of services suppliers locations instead of merely relying on only one supplier for information storage. Proposed based in the new architecture, it is applicable to ensure a better security, availability and reliability.


Article
Toward Plasmonic UC-PBG Structures based SWCNTs for Optoelectronics Applications
دراسة امكانية بناء هياكل حزم الفجوات الضوئية من مصفوفات انابيب الكاربون النانوية الاحادية الجدران نحو تطبيقات الكهروبصريات

المؤلفون: Taha A. Elwi طه احمد عليوي
الصفحات: 18-30
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الخلاصة

In this paper, the possibility of performing UC-PBG layers that is constructed from a forest of Single Wall Carbon Nanotubes (SWCNT) are aligned vertically on a thin flat film of quartz is studied. Such study is concerned in plasmonic optoelectronic applications in the visible regime. The study is conducted to the numerical simulations based Finite Element Method (FEM), then, compared with measurements. Remarkable benchmarks are found in the performance of the proposed UC-PBG which can be summarized as: 1- excellent ability of focusing the light over a wide range of the visible bands, 2- low effective losses, 3- a miniaturized sizeof the numerical a preacher, 4- no spherical apparition due to the flat geometry. It is found the proposed UC-PBG shows an effective refractive indexvaries from 10 to 20 in Lorentz-Drude manner. The maximum induced power of the proposed UC-PBG is found to be around 450 nm. Nevertheless, the size of the proposed UC-PBG layer is 200nm×200nm. Finally, the obtained results are compared to another numerical analysis based on Finite Integral Technique (FIT). Excellent agreements are found between the two invoked numerical methods.


Article
An Innovative Method for Organizing Incompatible Information at Ideal Time
طريقة مبتكرة لتنظيم المعلومات غير المتجانسة في الوقت الحقيقي

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الخلاصة

This study aims at analyzing the problems of transaction management in heterogeneous real-time information systems. It is proposed the use of an algorithm to resolve conflicts in the vague the deadlock transactional situation using construction and reduction of special directed bipartite wait-for graph. Therefore, a reduction algorithm was applied and presented in this article to the count of expectation of transactions G provides the required speed in the conditions of impasses at management of transactions in the heterogeneous distributed information systems of real time. This algorithm proved its efficiency in transaction management


Article
Hiding a Secret Information in Image Using Gravitational Search Algorithm
اخفاء المعلومات السرية في الصورة بأستخدام خوارزمية بحث الجاذبية

المؤلفون: Omar Younis Abdulhameed عمر يونس عبد الحميد
الصفحات: 43-55
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الخلاصة

Information is so important thing to us. Therefore, protecting the data by using information concealing techniques have become interest in the most applications. This paper proposed new algorithm is gravitational search algorithm in order to determine best locations in a carrier image (color image) that will be used to conceal secret information by effective and efficient method, this paper propose an effective and efficient method for determining best hiding locations in a carrier (colored image) by using gravitational search algorithm. The gravitational search algorithm is depended on gravity rules that concerns the fact that an object with mass attracts one another. The PSNR of the stego image1 and stego image2 are 72.55 and 71.21 respectively.


Article
Synthesis of -Fe2O3 Nano Powders by Novel UV Irradiation Method
تحضير الفا اوكسيد الحديد النانوي بطريقة التشعيع بالاشعة الفوق البنفسجية -

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الخلاصة

Alpha phase of iron oxide nanoparticles with different sizes from 10 to 45nm were synthesized by photolysis technique. Salicylaldehyde and amino phenol were used as started material to produce Schiff base which coordinate with iron metal to prepare complex. Nanoparticles were prepared by photolysis the ferric complex and calcined its salt. The result was showed reaction type oxidation-reaction due to transfer the charge from iron to ligand and convert ions for iron from +3 to +2. The irradiation system that used to prepare nanoparticles is 125 watts, ice bath was used to avoid high temperature and ensure happens photoreaction just. From the results, shift for C=N bond toward high frequency after irradiation was occur due to electronegativity of ferrous ions that product and the results from UV-visible technique obtained many type of transition for ligand and it complex at different wavelength. Energy gap for nanoparticles was determined by using UV-Vis while the morphology and average of nanoparticles were characterized by using AFM and TEM respectively. The identity of oxide was characterized by using XRD.


Article
Preparation and Characterization of SiO2 Thin Films as an Antireflective Layer
تصنيع اغشية رقيقة من ثنائي اوكسيد السيليكون كطبقة مضادة للانعكاس ودراسة خواصها

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الخلاصة

Uniform layers of SiO2 were prepared using thermal evaporation technique under high vacuum (10-5 mbar). Many characterizations were investigated using these films as antireflective layers. The morphological, crystal structural and optical properties of the layers were investigated by using SEM, XRD, and UV-Vis instruments.


Article
Adsorption of Congo Red on Nano MgO Particles Prepared by Molten Salt Method
امتزاز الكونغو الحمراء على اوكسيد المغنيسيوم النانوي المحضر بطريقة الصهر الملحي

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الخلاصة

Nano-substances show many surface properties due to their high activity and high surface area. This study concentrates on the possibility of using nano-MgO (NMO) for removing Congo red (CR) dye from wastewater. The effects of equilibrium time, pH, dye concentration and temperature have been investigated. Isotherm studies revealed the favorability of the adsorption process and the energy of adsorption (10.38


Article
Relationship between Nausea, Vomiting and Helicobacter pylori IgG Seropositivity in Pregnants
العلاقة بين الغثيان, التقيؤ والاستجابة لامصال Helicobacter pylori IgG في الحوامل

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الخلاصة

Helicobacter pylori is a helix-molded gram-negative bacterium. It is a worldwide distribution. In the current study sixty serum samples from a pregnant woman with vomiting and nausea (emesis gravidarum) plus thirty pregnant without vomiting and nausea (control group) done in Kirkuk general hospital were collected to recognize IgG -H. pylori antibody by utilizing Enzyme linked immunosorbent assay. The obtained information includes age, gestational period and residence, during the period of August - December /2015.The actual study was achieved which aimed to focused the light on association of H. pylori in the pathogenesis of emesis gravidarum. The results showed that mean age ± Standard deviation for pregnant with vomiting and nausea (32.18 ± 1.8) and for pregnant without vomiting and nausea (8.7 ± 0.79). P.value < 0.05. The outcomes appeared the propagation of Helicobacter pylori IgG antibody positive in pregnant with vomit and nausea in the first-trimester of gestation was 9(42.8%) with Pvalue = 0.001 when matched with standard group while during second trimester, the H. pylori IgG antibody positiverate in emesis gravidarum group was 30(76.9) and in control group was 2(16.6%), P. value = 0.0001. The current result also reviewed a positive significant contrast between H.pylori IgG- positive and the residence, Pvalue=0.04


Article
(p,q) - Fuzzy αm-Closed Sets in Double Fuzzy Topological Spaces
المجموعات المغلقة - (p,q)الفازية- αm في الفضاءات التبولوجية الفازية المزدوجة

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الخلاصة

In this submitted article, we defined new notions of closed sets and called it (p, q)-fuzzy αm-closed sets in double fuzzy topological spaces. Also, we investigate some characterizations and properties of the sets mentioned above. As a result, we discussed some new and more general relationship between (p, q)-fuzzy αm-closed set and it’s generalized which is called an (p, q)-generalized fuzzy αm-closed sets which was obtained and compared.


Article
Wear Characteristics of Al-Based Composite Material
خواص المادة المركبة ذات اساس الالمنيوم

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الخلاصة

This research studies the wear characteristic of Al- based composite material. Stir casting technique was used to fabricate composite samples of Al-6061 and Al-6061 reinforced with different percentage ages (5%, 10%, 15% weight) of silicon carbide particles (SiC). Abrasive wear behavior of composite was studied by dry sliding pin on disc method. Different parameters were taken into consideration including, applied load, sliding speed, and weight percentage age of silicon carbide particles. Wear test-sliding distance ranged from 1044 m to 3123 m measured over different times (10 min, 20 min, and 30 min). Normal loads range from 10 N to 30 N, at sliding speeds of 1.74m/s. Specific wear rate was calculated considering weight loss calculation which was measured by using digital electronic balance (up to 0.01 g accuracy). The results show that by increasing the sliding speed and the applied load we get the highest wear rate in the aluminum alloy, while with the Al/SiC composite, the wear rate decreases with the increase of SiC percentage age. It was found that hardness increases simultaneously when SiC percentage age increases. The highest hardness in (AL- 15 wt. % SiC) was recorded.


Article
Molecular Typing of Toxoplasma Gondii Isolated from Infertile Men and Its Effect on the Reproduction
التنميط الجزيئي للمقوسة الكونيدية المعزولة من الرجال الذين يعانون العقم ومدى تأثيره على الإنجاب

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الخلاصة

Seminal fluid and blood samples were collated from sixty 20-60 years aged and attended Teba Center for Children and ICSI/ in Babylon Province during the period from 1st June 2016 to 1st February 2017. The same number of samples were also taken from 60 age matched apparently healthy individuals to act as a control group. Anti IgG levels were measured in the sera of both groups to detect the presence of Toxoplasma infection, while seminal fluid samples were examined to detect infertility. Toxoplasma gondii genotype was applied by using nested PCR to detect SAG2 gene. Gene sequencing technique infection was performed for detection occurrence of mutation in the mitochondria of the sperm. Results confirmed that the age group (20-40years) was significantly more prone P<0.05 to infective with T. gondii where the percentage of seropositivty was 65% (39 patients) while it was 35% (21 individuals) in the apparently healthy control group. Concerning the residence, there was a highly significant difference (P < 0.006) where the percentage of seropositivty was 68% in idiveduals living in rural areas while it was 32% among those living in the urban areas. Genotyping showed that presence in two strains of Toxoplasma which has been found in males infected with Toxoplasmosis. Type I was found in 10 persons (17%) while type II was found in 50 persons (83%) and the difference between two strains was significant (P<0.05). Oligospermia has recorded the highest number of positive cases among patients (92%; 55 cases), in comparison with negative cases (8%; 5 cases), Asthenospermia showed significant P<0.05 decrease (35%; 21 cases) in comparison with negative (65%; 39 cases). Mutation occurs with Oligospermia of both of types I and II of T. gondii strains in 2 cases only, which was found on DN2 gene with a highly significant P<0.01 difference of positive cases (3%; 2 cases), and negative cases (97%; 58 cases). The mutation in single-nucleotide polymorphisms SNP G4580A site, showed that G was converted to A that was recognized at nt 4580 in the ND2 region. This evolution was experiential in oligozoospermic samples (code 010830). This SNP is a synonymous substitution that occurred in the third position of methionine codon, changing the codon from ATG to ATA.


Article
Evaluation of Zinc, Copper, Chromium and Thyroid Hormones levels in Serum of Iraqi Women with Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome
تقدير مستوى الزنك, النحاس, الكروم والهورمونات الدرقية في مصول النساء العراقيات المصابات بمتلازمة التكيس المبيضي

المؤلفون: Mohammed Asaad Mahdi محمد أسعد مهدي
الصفحات: 153-165
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الخلاصة

Trace elements have an important function in the human body, where They play an role in the regulation and Stimulation of enzymatic reactions, metabolism, immunity and others. This study was conducted in the College of Science/Diyala University on women with polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) from at Al-Batoul Hospital for childbirth/ Diyala. Thirty four women were diagnosed with polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) based on Rotterdam 2003 criteria and were considered as patients groups. In contrast, seventeen healthy women with regular menstrual cycle and free of diseases were selected and considered as control group. Concentrations of trace elements (zinc, copper and chromium) were measured in the serum using an atomic absorption spectrophotometer in the Poisoning Consultation Center/ Medical City. The level of serum thyroid hormones [ Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH), Thyroxine (T4) and Triiodothyronine (T3)] was measured using the ELISA method. The results showed a significant decrease in the mean level of zinc in the PCOS group (67.5 ± 6.9 µg/dL) compared with control group (87±8.39 µg/dL), ( p < 0.01 ). The mean copper, Cu/Zn ratio and chromium level were significantly higher in the PCOS group (158.58 ± 8.3, 2.38 ± 0.37 and 0.218 ± 0.038 µg/dL) respectively compared with control group (118 ± 9.5, 1.37 ± 0.18 and 0.114± 0.015 µg/dL); (P <0.01 ) respectively. There were no significant differences in the level of thyroid hormones between the two study groups.


Article
Image Encryption Based on Fractal Geometry and Chaotic Map
تشفير الصور بالاعتماد على الهندسة الكسرية والخرائط الفوضوية

المؤلفون: Jamal Mustafa Al-Tuwaijari جمال مصطفى التويجري
الصفحات: 166-182
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الخلاصة

Data security has become a critical issue nowadays. Sensitive data needs to be hidden from unauthorized users. In recent years, various types of images are stored and transmitted via internet. This make maintains the confidentiality, integrity and authenticity of images are a major task. Many techniques have been proposed to image encryption for the secure transmission of these images. One of the effective key of the image encryption is the using of fractal images because of the random and chaotic nature of fractals. This paper presents a proposed technique for image encryption based on fractal geometry and chaotic map. The proposed method includes encryption of color image at three stages. At first stage, the plain input image is encrypted by using the concepts of fractal geometry. In the second stage, the same picture is encrypted using the one-dimensional logistic mapping functions to generate a random image depend on the randomness nature of logistic function. Finally, in the third stage, the output encrypted images of the above two stages is merge by using the X-OR operation to generate the final encrypted image with high security attributes. Experimental results of the proposed method of encrypt images show that it has many effective features such as low relations between the pixels of encrypted image, large space key and high sensitivity to key in addition to high security. Therefore, it can be effectively protecting the security of encrypted images.


Article
Single Nucleotide Polymorphism of Interleukin-6 Gene at Position +565 in Type-1 Diabetic Patients in Baqubah City, Diyala, Iraq
تعدد الاشكال للنيوكليوتيدة المفردة للحركي الخلوي -6 للموقع الجيني +565 لدى مرضى السكري النوع الاول في بعقوبة

المؤلفون: Maha Falh Nazzal مهى فالح نزال
الصفحات: 183-190
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الخلاصة

This study aimed to investigate the potential association between the polymorphism of the Interlukin-6 gene (G˃C) at position + 565 SNP. and type 1 diabetes (T1D) in Iraqi patients, the study included 39 blood samples which have withdrawn from diabetic patients (12 males and 27 females and an average age of 15.65 ± 1.79 years) who were diagnosed by a medical staff at Baquba General Hospital for the period from October 2015 to March 2016 together with 21 blood samples from apparently healthy people as a control group (7 males and females and an average age of 14.26 ±1.43 years). The polymerase chain reaction-specific sequence primer (PCR-SSP) assay has been used in this study. The results revealed that comparing IL6+590 genotypes and alleles between T1D patients and controls showed some significant variance. The results of the gel electrophoresis of the IL-6 G / C + 565 gene amplified by PCR-SSP showed that the two genes G and C were present and that there were three genotypes: GG, GC, CC among patients. The results showed that frequency of GG genotype (56.41 vs 28.57%; respectively) and G allele (74.36 vs 59.52%; RR =36.7%) was significantly increased in diabetic patients in comparison with the controls (P = 0.058 and 0.102, respectively) and the related RR rates were 39.0% and 36.7%, respectively, while the associated EF values were 3.24 and 1.97, respectively. In contrast, GC genotype (35.89 vs 61.90%; P =0.063; PF =0.34) and C allele (25.64 vs 40.48%; P =0.102; PF =0.51) frequencies were significantly decreased in patients. The findings of this study depict the predominant pathogenic role of IL-6+565 polymorphism showed associations (positive and negative) with T1D in the samples of Iraqi patients. Therefore, the functional role IL6 might have been altered due to the deviations of some genotype and allele frequencies pathogenesis of T1D. This leads to the role of IL-6 as a preventive agent against the disease because it acts as an anti-inflammatory and inflammatory generator at the same time.


Article
Biosynthesis of Silver Nanoparticles Using Eucalyptus Bicolor Bark and their Antimicrobial Activity
التكوين الاحيائي لدقائق الفضة النانويه باستخدام لحاء اليوكالبتوز ونشاطهما الضد مايكروبي

المؤلفون: Raghad kwater Maeah رغد خويطر مايح
الصفحات: 191-203
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الخلاصة

The current study examined the production of silver nanoparticles from silver nitrate(AgNO3) solution with the extract of Eucalyptus bicolor bark and the antimicrobial activity of the silver nanoparticles versus microorganisms. The silver nanoparticle was characterized by its color changes of extract, UV-Visible spectroscopy and SEM. The useful groups for alcoholic, extract were recognized by using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy analysis (FTIR). In addition to we compared, between the biological effectiveness of alcoholic and nano extract of Eucalyptus bark against three types of pathogenic microbes: Staphylococcus. aureus, (Gram +ve), Pseudomonas, aeruginosa (Gram-ve), and yeast, Candida, albicans . Alcoholic extract offered the higher effect with Candida by inhibition zone of 14mm , S,aureus, of 13mm and pseudomonas of 10mm , While the nano extract has showed that the highest effect on growth of microorganism, Candida by inhibition zone of 20mm , staph of 19mm, and pseudomonas of 11mm .Furthermore,the combined effect of some antibiotics and alcoholic extract was studied against the same pathogenic microorganisms and the results showed that both :synergism and antagonism effects were seen, Carpenciline and the extract exhibited synergistic effect as evidenced by the increment of antimicrobial , activity with all bacteria(synergism) while Amoxicilline and the extract exhibited antagonistic effect against S.aureus (antagonism), and synergistic effect against P. aeruginosa


Article
Effect of Ascorbic Acid (Vitamin C) on H2O2 Induced Oxidative DNA Damage in Human Lymphocytes Estimated by Comet Assay
تأثير حامض الاسكوربك على تدمير الحمض النووي التأكسدي المحث بواسطة بيروكسيد الهيدروجين في الخلايا اللمفاوية البشرية والمقاسة بواسطة فحص المذنب.

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الخلاصة

"Oxidative DNA damage induced by reactive oxygen species and free radicals. Reactive Oxygen Species induced oxidative damage plays a key role in DNA damage". Our study aimed to identify the protective effect of ascorbic acid (AA, vitamin C) against hydrogen peroxide induced oxidative damage in DNA using Comet assay. Lymphocytes pretreated with or without antioxidants, incubated at 37C for 30 minutes, then H2O2 (100μM) was added, and incubated again at 37C for 60 minutes. Viability of cells was detected by trypan blue stain exclusion method. The decrease in viability brought about by H2O2 when the cells incubated for 60 minutes and the viability was present to be 39±3% from 80±4% and it was highly developed by the found of AA at 100 μM which appeared 72 ± 1%. These results indicate that the activity of the ascorbic acid as antioxidantas evidenced by its ability to suppress the oxidative effect against H2O2 and protect the lymphocytes. Estimation of comet tail moment and tail length in human lymphocyte treated with 100μM of hydrogen peroxide as positive control showed that 13± 4.5% of the cells showed no DNA damage while the DNA damage from low to very high damage were 19± 3.5%, 12.2± 2.3%, 14± 3.2% and 37± 3.0%, respectively. In contrast, treatment of the cells with 100 μM H2O2in combination with 10, 25,75 and 100 μM of AA reduced the percentage of DNA damage according to the concentrations used and they were 9± 2.3%, 4.5± 1.6%, 6± 0.5% and 10± 1.4%, respectively. In addition, H2O2 induced DNA damageat percentage of 78% at concentration of 100 μmol/L withoutthe addition of ascorbic acid. while the treatment of human lymphocyte with ascorbic acid was able to reduce oxidative DNA damage by 17% in comparison with control group.


Article
On the Approximation in the Weighted Spaces (L_(p,β) (X)) via Spline Polynomials
حول التقريب في فضاءات الوزن (L_(p,β) (X)) بواسطة متعددات الحدود النقطية

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الخلاصة

In this paper, we introduce a new norm and modulus in weighted spaces )L_(p,β) (X)) of order k. Via these modulus, we prove the direct and inverse spline approximation inequalities of unbounded functions in weighted spaces )L_(p,β) (X) (; 0


Article
Study the Advantage of Dermatoglyphic in Patients leukemia in Iraq
دراسة مزايا الخطوط الجلدية في المرضى الذين يعانون من سرطان الدم في العراق

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الخلاصة

Finger print's patterns and patterns intensity were examined in a group of diagnosed cases of leukemia patients (100 males and females) who attended Baghdad Teaching Hospital; and the National Center for Hematology / Al-Mustansiryiah University. This group was compared with apparently healthy control group of 100 males and females -These finger patterns were analyzed qualitatively and quantitatively. The results showed increment in the number of arches, ulnar loops and decline in whorls, radial loops in both hands in males leukemia patients in comparison with healthy male and this increment reach a significant level (P< 0.0001; Chi-square test= 48.0819). In contrast in female leukemia patients there was a significant increment (P< 0.0001; Chi-square test= 33.928) in the number of arches, whorls and a decline in ulnar loops, radial loops in both hands, in comparison with healthy females. In quantitative analysis, TRC (Total Ridge counts) and ARC (Absolute Ridge Counts) have been collected and the TRC values were 107.849 in male patients and 111.968 for control males. The TRC values were 107.4 female patients and 100.616 for control females. In addition, the ARC values were 143.221 in male patients and 153.548 for control males while the were 153.044 in female patients and 129.067 for females in the control group.


Article
A proposed Technique for Solving Interval-Valued Linear Fractional Bounded Variable Programming Problem
تقنية مقترحة لحل مشكلة البرمجة الكسرية بمعاملات مقيمة بفترات ومتغيراتِ محددة ِبفتراتَ

المؤلفون: Amir. S. Majeed امير صابر مجيد
الصفحات: 237-251
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الخلاصة

In this paper we premised an interval-valued linear fractional bounded variable programming problem (IVLFBP), by combining the interval-valued linear fractional programming problem (IVLFP) which is (LFP) with interval form coefficients in objective function, and linear fractional bounded variable problem (LFBV) which is (LFP) where the constraints are linear inequalities with bounded variables. Our method based on separating the main problem into two linear fractional bounded variable problems (LFBVP) and depends on the primal dual simplex algorithm. The algorithm that solves linear bounded variable programming will be extended to solve linear fractional with bounded variables, and then we used it to solve the interval-valued linear fractional bounded variable programming problems. We also compare our result with the solver function in the Microsoft Excel and matlab (R2011a)


Article
Preparation of Solid Catalyst from Extracted Silica of Iris persica L.
تحضير عامل محفز صلب من مستخلص السليكا لنبات Iris persica L.

المؤلفون: Ahmed A. Amin أحمد انور أمين
الصفحات: 252-263
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الخلاصة

The present study is the first describe the synthesis of solid catalyst from Iris persica Leaves. Solid catalyst was hydrothermally synthesized after determining the ratio of silica from different parts of Iris persica. Leaves extract are the best silica sources that can be used in synthesizing solid catalysis, the flowers, bulbs and rhizomes do not content a significant amount of silica. The synthesized solid catalyst was characterized by Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, X-ray Fluorescence (XRF) and Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM). The results obtained by X-ray diffraction (XRD) show moderate average crystal size of 36.30nm. The average pore size, pore volume and surface area were determined by Brunauer-Emmett and Teller (BET) method with values of 18.88nm, 0. 12mL.g-1 and 21.60 mL. g-1 respectively. Finally, Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM) was used to find the average crystal size and shape of catalyst, showing 21.82 nm of its average crystal size. The results verified that solid catalyst get from the hydrothermal condition, present a good solid catalyst characteristic and then can be suitable for using in adsorption and ion exchange applications.

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