جدول المحتويات

مجلة كلية التربية الأساسية للعلوم التربوية والإنسانية

ISSN: 23043717/ 23128003
الجامعة: جامعة بابل
الكلية: التربية الاساسية
اللغة: Arabic

This journal is Open Access

حول المجلة

المجلة تهتم بالبحوث العلمية في المجالات التربوية والإنسانية، وهي مجلة فصلية تصدر كل ٣ أشهر، وصدر أول عدد في عام ٢٠٠٩م، تخضع البحوث المنشورة إلى تقويم علمي من قبل مختصين في مجال البحث المراد نشره قبل عملية النشر.

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معلومات الاتصال

mcbe_babylon@yahoo.com
07801733667

جدول المحتويات السنة: 2017 المجلد: العدد: 34

Article
The Effect of Storytelling Technique on Improving Jordanian Tenth Grade Students, Critical Listening Skills
أثر أسلوب السرد القصصي في تحسين مهارة الاستماع الناقد لدى طلاب الصف العاشر في الأردن

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الخلاصة

This study aimed at investigating the effect of storytelling technique on improving Jordanian tenth grade students’ critical listening skill. To achieve the purpose of the study, the researcher developed two instruments. The First instrument was a multiple choice test which consists of 24 items on critical listening Skills which includes. This study followed the quasi-experimental pre/posttests design in terms of using one experimental group and one control group. The participants in the study were 40 tenth grade students purposefully chosen from Alkawm Alahmar secondary school in the North-Eastern Badia Directorate of Education in the academic year 2014/2015. The participants were divided into two groups: one experimental group and one control group, 20 students in each group. The experimental group was taught through storytelling technique and the control group was taught by the conventionally method.


Article
Humor in the Poetry of Arkala Al-Kelbi
الفكاهة في شعر عرقلة الكلبي

المؤلفون: Najiya Faiz Al-Hmood نجية فايز الحمود
الصفحات: 17-29
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الخلاصة

Humor is an essential factor in reliving man and getting him out of the psychological pressure because of the social, economic and political circumstances. Thus, man may resort to humor to lessen his anxiety, tension and hopelessness. It is a source of joy and pleasure which only man can possess


Article
The Effect of the Prophetic Praises on the Society in the Memlooki Era
تَدَاعِیاتُ المَدائحِ النَّبویةِ علی البیئة فی العصرِ المَملوکی

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الخلاصة

This paper deals with the effect of the prophetic praises on the Arab society in the Memlooki era. This art developed after the prophet's call for Quraish to unite and gather under one religion and one flag to be saved from chaos . This art passed through various periods such as Al-Fatimi, Al-Zanki, and Al-Ayoobi and spread all through the different parts of the Islamic Arab nation


Article
The Factors Influencing the Training Requirements for the Teachers of the First Classes in the Primary Stage in the City of Ha'il
العوامل المؤثرة في الاحتياجات التدريبية لمعلمي الصفوف الأولية بالمرحلة الابتدائية بمدينة حائل أثناء الخدمة

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الخلاصة

This paper aims at identifying The Factors Influencing the Training Requirements for the Teachers of the First Classes in the Primary Stage in the City of Ha'il in the Kingdom of Saudia Arabia from the teachers' point of view. The sample consists of (124) male and female teachers. To achieve the aims of the research, the researcher has employed the descriptive method using the questionnaire designed by the researcher as a tool. The statistical data have been analyzed by (SPSS)


Article
The Conflict Between the Arabic Dialects and the Standard Language from a Perspective of Applied Linguistics
الصراع بين اللهجات العربية واللغة الفصحى من منظور اللسانيات التطبيقية

المؤلفون: Al-Tuhami Al-Ha'in التهامي الحاين
الصفحات: 65-78
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الخلاصة

Influence and language interference have gained the interest of applied linguistics in its different theoretical aspects. Some theories claim that learning a second language is influenced by the first language of the learner at the phonetic, constructional, lexical, and derivational levels. Some others state that the role of the first language is negative upon learning the second language because the native language stands as an impediment in the way of learning the target language


Article
Language disorders and learning and teaching classical Arabic language and skills- Sixth entry level model- A field study applied
الاضطرابات اللغوية وتعليم وتعلم اللغة العربية الفصحى ومهاراتها – مستوى السادس ابتدائي نموذجا – دراسة ميدانية تطبيقية"

المؤلفون: Ziyati Az-eddine الزياتي عز الدين
الصفحات: 79-95
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الخلاصة

In this article we want to emphasize the importance of language as a tool of thought and expression, and one of the elements of human capacity that qualifies man as a creative thinker. However, the process of language acquisition or learning can be intercepted preventing, including language disorders that can have serious consequences for the child psychologically and socially. In this paper, we report on the results of our study of a group of students with language disorders who test the consequences of language impairment on the skills of learning classical Arabic and its impact on the profitability of Children with disorders compared to normal learners


Article
The Effectiveness of Multi-media in Teaching and Learning the Pupils of Hearing Impairment (A Case Study of Um-Kalthoum School for Dump, Gezira State, Sudan, 2016)
فاعلية برنامج بالوسائط المتعددة في تعليم وتعلم التلاميذ ذوي الإعاقة السمعية (دراسة حالة بمؤسسة أم كلثوم للصم، ولاية الجزيرة، السودان، 2016م)

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الخلاصة

The study aims at designing multi-media program for teaching and learning the pupils who have hearing impairment in the curriculum of Earth is the Environmental Life, unit one (Earth and Universe) for class fifth in Basic level, it also aimed at knowing the effectiveness of the multi-media program in teaching and learning those who have hearing impairment, In addition to, knowing the differences between the results of the pre and the post test (before and after applying the program). The sample of the study contains from the total sample of the pupils of fifth class in Um-Kalthoum School for Dump (8) students consist of (4) males and (4) females. A program of multi-media was designed by Power Point and Call Box contains the first part for the curriculum of Erath is the environmental life for fifth class, Pre and post tests were implemented to measure the extent of multi-media effectiveness in teaching and learning those who have hearing impairment. The study has come to the following findings: the program which was designed by multi-media is characterized by effectiveness, There are statistical differences in the achievement of the pupils before and after the test in vivo of the post test. The study recommends on emphasizing and applying multi-media programs in the curriculum of hearing impairment. The study recommended a number of studies that consider complete the current study


Article
The Range of Sufficient Educational Leadership in the Headmasters of Schools from their Point of View
مدى امتلاك مدراء المدراس للكفايات القيادة التربوية من وجهة نظرهم

المؤلفون: Sameh Mohammad Ashtiyat سامح محمد اشتيات
الصفحات: 108-118
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الخلاصة

The objective of this research is to identify the extent to which school principals have the competencies of educational leadership from their point of view. In order to achieve the objectives of the study, the researcher developed a questionnaire and distributed it to 35 managers and managers in Beni Kenana. After conducting the statistical analysis, , And there were no statistically significant differences at (α0.05). The level of school principals' ownership of educational leadership competencies according to the variables (gender, qualification, experience). The values of (T) were statistically insignificant.


Article
Mosques of the town of Algiers During the Ottoman era
مساجد مدينة الجزائر خلال العهد العثماني (القرنين 17-18)

المؤلفون: Sabrina Lenwar صبرينة لنوار
الصفحات: 119-126
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الخلاصة

The mosques are the most important religious institutions in Algeria since the Islamic conquest of the Maghreb countries. It was a place of worship and education. Their number has increased over the years ad their activities has expanded especially during the Ottoman era. Algeria was Know during this period by the big number of mosques which were scientific radiation centers and Spreading the Arab-Islamic culture. The mosques were not only a place pf worship but they were also places of boards of Ifta for the Maliki and Hanafi doctrine. And, they were also like courts for adjudicating cases and disputes. And from here, we want to highlight mosques of the town of Algiers during the Ottoman era.


Article
Media Treatment of Environmental Issues through Written Press
المعالجة الإعلامية لقضايا البيئة من خلال الصحافة المكتوبة

المؤلفون: Naziha Ouahabi نزيهة وهابي
الصفحات: 127-141
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الخلاصة

Media is considered one of the main components in preserving the environment, since it works on spreading environmental concepts and values that promotes and establishes the principles of environmental terminology and ethics. As well as, it seeks to realize the awareness and development of the environmental sense to every receiver of the environmental media message. The written press also plays a big role in treating the environmental issues and directing the individuals’ behaviors towards the proper handling with the elements of environment and its resources. Through that, many concepts and environmental elements are identified, thus, working on spreading the environmental awareness. This article seeks to shed some light on the media treatments of the environmental issues through supervising its historical development and the factors influencing this treatment, its consequences, in addition to the methods that the written press uses to address these issues. Finally, the exposure of the role of the written press in the awareness of environmental issues and the problems it has.


Article
Perspectives and legacies of the people of the house (peace be upon them) in the poetry of the poets of the polytheists - a resource study: Maarof Abdul Majid
مناقب ومراثي أهل البيت (عليهم السلام) في شعر الشعراء المتشيعين - دراسة موردية: معروف عبدالمجيد

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الخلاصة

Religious literature is one of the types of arts on which little light is spotted although it is well-known in all religions and languages. The Egyptian poet who became recently a Shiite employed the Holy Quran, the Prophet (PUHH) and Imam Ali (PH). This paper focuses on the poet's lines enriched with his religious references in an analytic-descriptive method


Article
Poetry of Social Criticism in the Memlooki Era
شعر النقد الإجتماعي في العصر المملوکي

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الخلاصة

The relationship between literature and society is deep so it is noticeable that poets of different eras are influenced by their environment negatively and positively ib various ratios. In the Memlooki era, poets derived their poetic images from their real society in addition to their critical and sarcastic spirits.


Article
Rationing of Fatwas Between the Ruler's Authority and the Subjects' Interest
تقنين الفتوى بين تصرف الحاكم ومراعاة مصالح الرعية

المؤلفون: Belkteer Bumedian بلختير بومدين
الصفحات: 164-171
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الخلاصة

This article aims to set up a descriptive and analytic study regarding the important issue of the Fatwa codification that government must organize within the legislative system without breaking citizens’ interests while having consideration to the state and time and place frame of the persons to end the Fatwa anarchy which the result of nowadays multimedia openness and technological improvement


Article
Personality Traits of Private School Principals in Jeddah District in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and Their Relationship to Principals’ Leadership Styles
سمات الشخصية لمديري المدارس الأهلية في منطقة جدة التعليمية في المملكة العربية السعودية وعلاقتها بالأنماط القيادية لديهم

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الخلاصة

This study aimed at finding out the personality traits of private school principals in Jeddah school district in The Kingdom Of Saudi Arabia, and their relationship to principals’ leadership styles. Two instruments were used: Eysenck Personality Questionnaire to measure personality traits of principals, and a questionnaire developed by the researcher to measure the leadership styles. The study found that the prevailed personality traits of private school principals was Extroversion and the prevailed leadership style practiced by principals was the democratic style. The study also found set of relationships as: a significant positive relationship between democratic style and extroversion, between autocratic style and neuroticism and psychoticism traits, a negative relationship between the autocratic style and extroversion.Finally, there was no significant relationship between Laissez-faire style and neuroticism, psychoneurosis and lying style.


Article
Rationing of Seligman's Scale for Optimism and Pessimism on the Environment of the City of Sa'ida – Algeria
تقنين مقياس سليجمان للتفاؤل والتشاؤم على بيئة سعيدة-الجزائر

المؤلفون: Ainou Abdellah عينو عبد الله
الصفحات: 193-206
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الخلاصة

This paper aims at Rationing of Martin Seligman's Scale for Optimism and Pessimism on an Algerian Environment by applying it on teachers (intermediate, secondary, collegiate) of Sa'ida city. The sample consists of 333 teachers: 169 males and 164 females. 127 students from intermediate, 54 from secondary and 152 from collegiate stages. By applying the methodological principles to the scale and counting its psychometric features, the researcher has concluded that the scale is characterized by the studied features


Article
Knowledge Improvement by the Enriching Activities Based on Photos Exchange for the Teachers of Those with the Special Needs
تحسين المستوى المعرفي بالأنشطة الإثرائية القائمة على تبادل الصور لدى معلمي ذوي الأحتياجات الخاصة

المؤلفون: Khalid Gazi Al-Delbahi خالد غازي الدلبحي
الصفحات: 207-231
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الخلاصة

The present study aimed to identify the level of knowledge required for teachers with special needs, and activities based on the pictures geehan exchange, as well as to identify the methods of the Moment cognitive level for teachers with special needs, This study was conducted in the academic year 1437 - 1438, this study is linked to the primary stage of governmental programs to provide special education services in the Riyadh area, and limited to the teachers with special needs, the study on the use of semi-empirical approach based on tribal design pilot and another officer , In order to facilitate the procedures for the application of the current study tribal designed experimental dimensions below and another officer, in which the first group received an experimental treatment program based on the knowledge for teachers with special needs for activities based on the exchange of photos geehan, while the second group has not received (officer) any of processors. The total sample (56) a milestone disabled guests in the primary stage of dawadmi , Afif, Almzahmeia ,Alquwaia, and almajmaah governorates, and Shaqraa 11 school for boys have been divided equally to the two groups with (28) teachers pilot group and (28) was a milestone for the group officer. The results emerged emphasizes the importance of training on the necessary strategies for teachers with special needs in the primary stage, it helped him to progress and professional growth of its abilities, which is the axis of the development of the educational work, through placed various training programs provided by the relevant authorities, and confirmed that there is a positive relationship between teacher training and delivery of the talented student.


Article
Symbolism of Letters and Periods in the Poetry of Adeeb Kamal Al-Deen
رمزية الحروف والنقاط وإيحاءاتها في شعر أديب كمال الدين

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الخلاصة

The letter is considered the essential base of the text and the core of creativity. Letters have special connotations the meanings of which are known by their repletion in similar and close structures. Thus, the meaning of the letter may be got by rooting deep into the poet's idea and his intended aim. The Iraqi poet, Adeeb Kamal Al-Deen is among the contemporary poets who has followed up the poetic modernity with its arts, literary and critical terms.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
The Ideological and Religious Effect of the Jews in the North and the South of the Arabic Peninsula Before Islam
الاثر الفكري والديني لليهود في شمال وجنوب شبه الجزيرة العربية قبل الاسلام

المؤلفون: Amal Ajeel Ibraheem امل عجيل ابراهيم
الصفحات: 243-262
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الخلاصة

There were different religions in the Arabic Peninsula before Islam because the Arabs were merchants and they used to have relations with other people having different ideologies and religions. Accordingly, these different ideologies and religions effected Arabs. The clearest example is the existence of the Jews in the Arabic Peninsula who had commercial relations with Arabs


Article
The Revelation of Inana's Rebellion in Kaza'el Al-Majidi's Poetry
تجلِّي تمرُّد (إنانا) في شعر خزعل الماجدي

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الخلاصة

Women revolted against men since the end of the old stone age when the control moved to men. During the old stone age, the mother was the controller, accordingly, women throughout the time women tried hardly to regain that status. This theme appears widely in the Sumerian myths like the myths in which Ninkhursag, Inana play role or the females in the Epic of Gilgamish in Babylon. Also such theme in Kaza'el Al-Majidi's poetry.


Article
The Female Cultural Sense in Lame'ea Abbas Imara's Peotry
الوعي الثقافي النسوي في شعر لميعة عباس عمارة

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الخلاصة

In modern criticism, there are many different trends, one of which is the female criticism which takes in consideration the experience of women in creative writing. Female criticism is related to feminism. This type of criticism has, according to Raman, three main phases. The oldest one is claiming women rights. This trend began during the 18th century


Article
The Sentence in Creative Writing - A Stylistic Study in Sadiq Al-Tirihi's Style
الجملة في لغة الابداع - دراسة في اسلوبية صادق الطريحي

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الخلاصة

Poetry mirrors the image of the man and the world around. It reflects the relation between man and the surroundings and his interaction with life. Poetry is not satisfied with the reality and it does not submit to the rules as inspired poets have achievements broke the rules of their ages because art is dynamic.


Article
The Strategy of Prelude in Raheef Hasoon's Poetry "The Coffin of the East" as an Example"
إستراتيجية الاستهلال في خطاب رهيف حسون الشعري ــ تابوت الشرق انموذجاً ــ

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الخلاصة

Poetry is representation to the truth and analysis of the feelings. The opening line of the poem reflects the skills of the poet, accordingly, the poet attracts the reader's or the listener's attention to the poem by the skillfulness of the opening of the poem


Article
The Parallel Text in Jassim Al-Mateer's Novels
النص الموازي في روايات جاسم المطير

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الخلاصة

The present study aims at observing the parallel texts in Jassim Al-Mateer's novels. The parallel texts were neglected for centuries and never been studied before because it was thought that such texts have no importance. The present study has proved that the parallel texts are the key to understand the original text


Article
The Demographic Change in Al-Madhatia Township Between (1997-2015)
التغير في التركيب السكاني في ناحية المدحتية خلال عامي (1997 و2015)

المؤلفون: Samah Ibraheem Shamkhi سماح أبراهيم شمخي
الصفحات: 337-351
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الخلاصة

structure in the area of Al-Medhatiya, which is one of the administrative units belonging to (Hashemite district) of the province of Babylon. The study was limited to the age, And the population estimates for 2015, as well as the field study to fill the shortfall in some data. Among the findings of the study is a clear change in the population structure of the population, (1997). In 1995, it was estimated that 99.8 males per 100 females, and the percentage of gender in the study area was higher than in rural areas. As for the age structure, the percentage of young people in the total area of study reached 46.5% of the total population in 1997, and then dropped to 44.5% in 2015. The middle age group recorded the highest percentage (49.8%) in 1997, then rose to (52.7%) in 2015, while the elderly category reached (3.5%) in 1997 while their percentage dropped to (The percentage of illiteracy was 23.8% for the general population at the age of education (1997). The increase was particularly noticeable in rural areas (28.6%) compared with 15.9%) In urban areas and the percentage of female illiterates was higher than that of males.


Article
Features of his biography and read in his brothers
ابن الوردي - ملامح من سيرته وقراءة في اخوانياته

المؤلفون: Ameera Mhmood أميرة محمود عبد الله
الصفحات: 352-370
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الخلاصة

There is no doubt that the poet - the son of the pink - Zinedine Omar ibn al-Muzaffar ibn Umar ibn Muhammad ibn Abi al-Fawares ibn al-Wardi al-Ma'ri al-Halabi, one of the most prominent poets who took the lead in the first half of the eighth century of migration, along with adults, (768 AH) and Salah al-Din al-Safadi (d. 764 AH). He is also a number of the greatest scholars of Shaafa'is, scholars, and grammarians. The importance of the subject comes from the honor of the great personality of the author. There is no doubt that the researcher feels the pride that drives him to study the product of this poet, what is distinguished from the multiplicity of sciences and the arts he owns, and how not? He is the sheikh, the world, the jurist, the grammarian, the writer, the historian of well-known history, and one of the virtues of his time, literature, literature, literature, and other sciences. Therefore, in this research, I sought to study what I understood from the aspect of his poetic creativity, namely, the Brotherhood exclusively, and the research plan required that it be in three sections, followed by a conclusion and results and proven by the names of sources and references. The first topic, entitled (Sirte) and stood on everything related to his name and descent, birth and development and personality and the tributaries of culture and its effects, taken from the books of translations and classes guided and appointed, emphasizing the uniqueness of this great personality. The first was a brief overview of his poetry and his poems, which was a milestone in his time. It is a clear picture of the image of the Mamluk literary and monetary era. He collected it in his life and his rank and was elected by his poetry and prose. . If the pink son has loved his readers, his hair and good prose, so he laid his hair and its purposes in it modern, and described it with the most expensive descriptions, because it combines quality and carrot. While the second focused on his brotherly poetry, and she talked about the concept of the hair of the brothers and then the proportion of this color of the poetry in his office, which will be revealed by the research and shows its importance, and found that its purposes varied in it included repentance, humor and humor and Brotherhood records. The third section specialized in technical features. The research was able to identify artistic features and identify the language of the poet, including the ease of abstention, the publication of his poetry about the printing, and then the economy in the arts of Badea, inclusion and quotation from the Holy Quran. The research ended with a conclusion that included the most important findings of the research, followed by the sources and references adopted in the completion of the work.

الكلمات الدلالية

Brotherhood --- features --- pink --- abstinence --- الاخوانيات --- ملامح --- الوردي --- الممتنعة


Article
The Problem of Conception in Post- Modern Arts - 'Conceptual Arts' as An Example
إشكالية التذوق والتلقي في فنون ما بعد الحداثة - (الفن ألمفاهيمي) أنموذجا

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الخلاصة

The present study deals with the problem of taste and reception in postmodern art. The research was divided into four categories, and the objective of the research was to study the mechanism of taste and reception in postmodern art. The limits of research were limited to the following: temporal boundaries (1980-2010), spatial boundaries (Europe), objective boundaries: different materials and methods of subtraction used.


Article
The Grammatical Effect of Seebawayh in Al-Azhari's "Tahtheeb Al-Lugah" (Language Refinement) Between Sustaining and Opposition
الأثر النحوي لسيبويه في تهذيب اللغة للأزهري بين الرد والتأييد

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الخلاصة

A summary of what the marked our search (grammar impact of Sibawayh in refining the language of Azahari between the response and support) that Sibawayh abounded his views in refining the language of Azahari, found scientists who takes these views and react to the other, and sometimes respond opinion Sibawayh himself, these issues were syntactic , morphological and linguistic also at interpretation, it was limited as grammatical issues, due to my interest by dividing the search to the entrance, and the study included grammatical issues


Article
The Acquisition of Hyponymy by Iraqi EFL University Students

المؤلفون: Muayad Mingher Al- Shemmery مؤيد منغر الشمري
الصفحات: 403-414
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الخلاصة

This study sets out to concentrate on hyponymy as one of the lexical relations which holds between words. In this relation, one word or phrase is included in that of the other. For the purpose of investigating the problems which the subjects of English face in using this phenomenon, the study deals with the identification of the students' performance to find out the causes of the subjects' errors and their sources. To get the core goal of the study, a random sample of one group of (50) Iraqi EFL subjects at the Fourth-year level, Department of English, College of Education, University of Babylon during the academic year 2015/16 is subjected to a diagnostic test. The analysis of the incorrect responses provides demonstration that the subjects are really incompetent in the correct recognition and production of hyponymy. This is evident from their achievement at these levels.


Article
A Phonological Study of Substitution in English and Arabic
دراسة مقارنة بعلم الصوت عن الإبدال في اللغتين الانكليزية والعربية

المؤلفون: Abd Ali Nayif Hasan عبد علي نايف حسن
الصفحات: 415-422
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الخلاصة

Substitution is a phonological phenomenon whereby a sound replaces another one in English, Standard Arabic and Iraqi Arabic words. The present study aims at identifying and analyzing patterns of substitution in such languages in order to investigate aspects of similarities and differences among them. The results show that differences are more than similarities in such patterns. Key words: substitution, phonological phenomenon


Article
Effect of Ableton model on the acquisition of grammatical concepts among fourth graders
أثر أنموذج (ابلتون) في اكتساب المفاهيم النحوية لدى طلاب الصف الرابع العلميّ

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الخلاصة

The aim of the research to find out the impact model (Ableton) in acquiring the grammatical concepts of the fourth-grade science students, and to achieve that conducted experiment lasted two months, as the researchers chose the middle Fayhaa boys choice at random for the application of the experiment, and identified the research sample, which amounted to 68 students by (34) students the experimental group and 34 students for the control group, was rewarded between the two groups in variables (chronological age, IQ, scores half-year exam, academic achievement for parents, academic achievement for mothers) and adopted researchers experimental design the partial control test before me for the two sets of search، And the variable is set Extraneous, reducing the impact of the experimental procedures, and applied experience in the second semester of the academic year (2015-2016), and after the completion of the experiment results were analyzed statistically using Altaia test for two independent samples, and the results showed the following: 1-There is a difference is statistically significant at the significance level (0.05) between the average scores of the experimental group students studying rules according to the specimen (Ableton), and the average score of the control group students studying rules in the usual way, in testing the acquisition of grammatical concepts in favor of the group eyeliner Experimental.

الكلمات الدلالية

effect --- model --- Appleton --- أثر، أنموذج، أبلتون


Article
Spatial variation of potable water filling plants in Hilla district Using GIS
التباين المكاني لمعامل تعبئة مياه الشرب في قضاء الحلة باستخدام نظم المعلومات الجغرافية

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الخلاصة

The importance of the drinking water bottling factor in the study area has become more important because it contributes to the absorption of surplus labor. This comes through the local market variables related to industrial production processes as well as marketing, because of its great role in the disposal of products and achieving high economic profitability. The researcher is interested in studying the spatial variation of drinking water bottling plants in addition to studying the ways in which drinking water is prepared in order to be suitable for human use with its characteristics, characteristics and importance as well as the adoption of some economic indicators which were the number of laboratories and number of workers and production capacities, Between the study areas using the GIS mechanism by documenting the maps that have significantly demonstrated the differences between the study areas


Article
The impact of the strategy of Swom in the Achievement of the secondary second class students of the chemistry
أثر إستراتيجية سوم ((SWOM في تحصيل مادة الكيمياء لدى طلاب الصف الثاني المتوسط

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الخلاصة

This research aims to knowing" The impact of the strategy of Swom in the Achievement of the chemistry of the secondary second class students" The researchers has selected an experimental design with a Partial control.they chose by chance the (Almarkizaa Secondary School) for male students, by the same way he chose section (c) to represent the experimental group of (38) students and section (B) to represent the adjusting group of (36) students. The researchers has designed the behavioral aims for the research subjects, topics lessons plans achievement test, and these have been shown to a group of experts validity and reliability were verified. the final achievement test applied and after treating data staieally the following results occurred there is adifference and for the benefit of the experimental group In the light of the result, certain conclusions, recommendations and suggestions were proposed


Article
Shia Endowment Diwan The Internal Political Developments in Laos 1945-1949 and the French Position on Them
التطورات السياسية الداخلية في لاوس 1945 – 1949 والموقف الفرنسي منها

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الخلاصة

This research deals with the domestic political developments in Laos during 1945-1949, during which significant political transformations took place during this period, which had a profound impact on the achievement of self-government in 1949 and partly eliminated it from the domination of French colonialism. After the two parties signed an agreement guaranteeing the autonomy of Laos within the system of the French Union, which took place in July 1949, thus ending the role of the Lao opposition except the elements led by Prince Souphanou Vong , who preferred to fight the French and strategic cooperation with the Veto forces until the full independence of Laos.


Article
Features of Prophecy (A Study in Religious Criticism)
خصائص النبوة (دراسة في النقد الديني)

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الخلاصة

Characteristics of prophecy (A Study in Religious Criticism) The current article is concerned with discussing the issues that are prepared by the agreement of Muslims on the peculiarities of prophecy, in the form of substantive religious analysis and criticism


Article
“A letter in verifying foreign words, Ibn Kamal Basha” - A critical appraisal
تحقيق كتاب ابن كمال باشا الوزير(ت940هـ) (رسالة في تحقيق تعريب الكلمة الأعجمية) دراسة نقدية

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الخلاصة

Arab and Islamic scientist has had a significant contribution in discovery and development of variety of scientific fields. This contribution was saved in the form of sketches written in Arabic language by those scientist whom were of different origins, Arabic, Persian or Turkish. One of those scientist is Ibn Kamal Basha, Turkish in origin who died in 940 (Hijriat). He published his book about verifying the foreign (non Arabic, Aajami) words to explore its use in Arabic language and to finds its root. He named his book “A letter in verifying foreign words”. In excess of 50 sketch copies were found, most of which are in Istanbul’s libraries and some others in Damascus in Aldhahiriah book store and few in the library of Om AlkuraUnivresity inMeccah. This book was published with different verifying editors, in this research I critically appraised those publications in order to ensure scientific approach in the process of verification. Also to find out to what extent the editors were careful to ensure preserving the original text without adding or dropping off some words or sentences. The editors appraised books were: 1- Dr. Sulaiman Ibrahim Al-aed. 2- Dr. HamedSadiqQunaibi. 3- Dr. Mohammed Sawaey. This research focused on finding errors made like miswording, inappropriate wording use from those copies used which came in different texts. In a nutshell this research aimed to make the reader aware of those mistakes and errors with supportive evidence of such errors.


Article
Assessing Visual Learning Strategy in the Achievement of the Fifth Year Primary School Female Students in Mathematics
فاعلية إستراتيجية التدريس البصري في تحصيل تلميذات الصف الخامس الابتدائي في مادة الرياضيات

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الخلاصة

The present study aims at assessing the visual learning strategy in the achievement of the fifth year primary school female students in mathematics. The study has been applied in Naher Al-Shaik primary shool of Al-Abara township, Bakoobah/ Dyala Government/ Iraq for the academic year (2015-2016). The sample of the study consists of (70) students divided into two groups: the experimental group and the controlling one. Each group consists of (35) students


Article
Human Rights in the Light of Anti-Terrorism Laws Protection
حماية حقوق الإنسان في ظل مكافحة الإرهاب

المؤلفون: Ahmad Abdul Hadi Zae'eri أحمد عبد الهادي زعيري
الصفحات: 529-540
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الخلاصة

The terrorism is aspect of violence that societies have known for quite a while, developed with the development of societies. The technological development in the means of communication and informatics has contributed to the development of means and methods of terrorism, which has become more dangerous than before. The crimes of terrorism may have serious consequences and large-scale because it has huge effects on the entity of society and its structure and exist. In addition, most of the world began to cooperate with each other to constitute new legal rules to enhance the anti-terrorism, which raised the concert of defenders of civil rights of citizens. However, emerged the issue of the relationship between terrorism and human rights around which research is based on.


Article
Stylistic structures in a fragment - according to – Sheikh
البنى الأسلوبية في مقطوعة لحسب الشيخ جعفر

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الخلاصة

Defining the concept of the style is not easy,، But the research arrived at it is:: Ways of Arabs in the performance of meaning, And the quality of the article to the denominator in the Difference of position then It is a link between the style and Literary genre. This is in Arab linguists, but in The Westerners it is: The closest understanding of the meaning of the word in modern usage, it is: The method of writing for the author of the writers, and for gender of the genders, And for the age of the ages, And isolate the science of style about Arabic rhetoric. It is a linguistic science based on fixed foundations to be entered into the rhetoric, As the analysis is based on fixed laws that can not be breached


Article
Psychological alienation and its relation to mental health among displaced students in the intermediate stage
الاغتراب النفسي وعلاقته بالصحة النفسية لدى الطلبة النازحين في المرحلة المتوسطة

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الخلاصة

The current research measures the following: 1 - psychological alienation of displaced students. 2. Mental health of displaced students. 3. The relationship between psychological alienation and psychological health of displaced students. In order to achieve the objectives of the current research, the researcher has the following: Building the measure of psychological alienation and the measure of mental health Which were finalized after the completion of the conditions of honesty and consistency and the discrimination of (40) items of the measure of alienation Psychological and (24) items for the measure of mental health, and identify the research students displaced in middle and secondary schools in Directorate of Education for the province of Babylon for the academic year 2016/2017, the research community consists of (2600) male and female students, and was a random sample was tested by (5%) of the original population. The sample was 134 students. The research adopted the descriptive approach to achieve the research objectives, the researcher applied the psychological alienation scale and the mental health measure on the sample of the research, and then analyzed the data using the statistical bag for social sciences in processing data (SPSS) The results were as follows: 1. Displaced students suffer from a high level of psychological alienation. 2.Low level of mental health among displaced students. 3.There is a relationship between psychological alienation and mental health. According to the findings of the research, some recommendations and proposals were made


Article
Al Fankala tools and their function in the Sibawayh's book
أدوات الفنقلة ووظيفتها في كتاب سيبويه

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الخلاصة

The method of writing is one of the most important methods found in the books of grammarians, scholars and commentators. It is a method of composition that is of great importance in the presentation of books. This is because Sibawayh's book is the first grammatical book that has come to us, as well as being of great importance to the grammarians and scholars. The author resorted to the technique of veiling. When the issue is important or wants to be addressed, it has an important effect in communicating the idea to the addressee More than direct reporting, Sibawayh has employed the tools of each vector by context When the question is doubtful, problematic, or impossible to obtain, Sibawayh uses the appropriate tool for that purpose, and if the place is the object of a certain, lawful or possible occurrence, use the appropriate tool (s) The use of the tool (if) is appropriate for that purpose, as it is used to say (said, said, I said) each according to its context and place, was the tools in the book of Sibawayh important impact in clarifying the content of grammatical and grammatical rules And sound


Article
Al Fankala Purposes in the Sibawayh's book
أغراض الفنقلة في كتاب سيبويه

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الخلاصة

scholars and commentators, a method of authorship of great importance in the presentation of material books, Alphenqlh words starting with ta + condition tool (if) + did say + Answer condition), and we decided to look for Alphenqlh when Sibawayh، so the reason that the book Sibawayh the first book to me came to us, as well as being of great importance when grammarians and scientists, and resorts author to Alphenqlh style so when the issue is important, or want to alert the addressee by it, so with a significant impact in bringing the idea to offeree more of direct speech normative, it has been used to perform Sibawayh Alphenqlh purposes Sample, including Altqaid ie: the development of grammatical rules and morphological and sound, and the reasoning of any explanation of grammar judgment and morphological and voice, and analysis ie analysis of the content of grammar judgment and morphological and voice, and representation of any representation of the rules of grammatical and morphological and acoustic both examples were correct or incorrect The end of which the statement of rules


Article
The rhythmic structure in the poetry ibn al- Dahan al- musli
البنية الإيقاعية في شعر ابن الدَّهَّان الموصلِّي

المؤلفون: Ali Abed Al-Hussein Jbear علي عبد الحسين جبير
الصفحات: 589-600
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الخلاصة

This research aims at shedding light on an important creative aspect is related to the poet ((ibn al –Dahan al –Musli))، the two main point of his poetry are: foreign music, and the poetic weights of poetic،which are poetic،then we took the rhymes in his hair،then we went on the internal music of: (repetition anaphylaxis،the response of the deficit on the chest).


Article
The use of multimedia in reducing the anxiety of motor performance and the development of some of the offensive skills of players emerging handball
اثر استخدام الوسائط المتعددة في خفض قلق الاداء الحركي وتطوير بعض المهارات الهجومية للاعبين الناشئين بكرة اليد

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الخلاصة

The method of multimedia is one of the images of modern education technology in the teaching of various sports skills and the stage of learning the basic skills of the most important and difficult stages to be paid attention, so the researchers tried to experiment with this technique using multiple media training to reach the learners to the advanced level of advanced skills of some handball Which have an important role during the matches and at different levels. The research aims to:- 1- Preparation of an educational program using multimedia in reducing the anxiety of motor performance and the development of some offensive skills for players emerging handball. 2-knowledge of the impact of the educational program using multimedia in reducing the anxiety of motor performance and develop some of the offensive skills of players emerging handball.. The researchers used the appropriate experimental approach to solve the problem. The research community defines the players of the Musayyib club for the season (2016 - 2017). (24) players took the society in a comprehensive manner. The most important conclusions were 1-There is a preference for multimedia in reducing the anxiety of motor performance and the development and some of the offensive skills of players emerging handball.


Article
Formless applications in accomplished visual graphics abstract expressionism
تطبيقات اللاشكلية في المنجز التشكيلي لرسامات التعبيرية التجريدية

المؤلفون: Farah Ali Abdul Razak فرح علي عبد الرزاق
الصفحات: 612-623
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الخلاصة

The current research has included four chapters devoted the first chapter to a statement of the research problem and its importance and the need for him and the goal of the research and the border temporal and spatial, objectivity and determine the terms contained therein, The second chapter (Theoretical Framework), which included two sections and ensure that this research two axes the first topic dealt with contemporary artistic currents and transformation of shape to formless, while the second section took care of study formless representations in accomplished visual graphics abstract expressionism:, which resulted from the theoretical framework. And include that the third chapter (Search procedures). The fourth chapter took care of the results of the research and its findings were summarized


Article
AL-Dallani's Recantations in His Book Natae'ej Al-Tahseel About Bin Malik (The Results of the Achievement)
استدراكات الدَّلَانيِّ في كتابه نتائج التحصيل على ابن مالك

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الخلاصة

There are several works in the Arabic language library of great importance until it occupied a large area of commentary, analysis and debate, and this works the book (to facilitate benefits and supplement purposes) to the son of the owner who put it annotations several nearly forty explanation Among them was explained (Astedrakat Al-Dalai, Ala Abn Malek ) Muhammad Al-murabet Al-Dalai, which track the number of the commentators of the facility in a variety of way issues, and those who followed the Dalai is the son of the owner, as However, upon some grammatical issues, was the title of the paper (Correction Holiness the son of the owner in his collection results) and then extrapolated book results It turned out that the collection may Dalai However, the son of the owner, was split on the search on the front and the issues being aware and a conclusion


Article
Colonial Aspects in Rudyard Kipling’s Kim
المظاهر الكولونيالية في رواية "كيم" للكاتب البريطاني رديارد كبلنك

المؤلفون: Haider Mohammed Mezaal حيدر محمد مزعل
الصفحات: 635-642
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الخلاصة

Rudyard Kipling, the pro- colonial writer, embraces the doctrine that the task of enlightening and civilizing the humankind could be attained only by using a tough strategy against those under the subjugation. He strongly believes that the civilized British colonizers should look after and supply food for the colonized indigenes who are uncivilized and savage in his viewpoint. What makes this fact more terrible is that the relationship between the subjugators and the natives is primarily dependent on maltreatment and utilization. And, this is the real image that Kipling tries to conceal through his novels which are mostly dedicated to praise the men of Empire. The most important fact in his narratives is that the spy of Empire comes first because he assists the Kingdom to understand the locals and to constitute a better link with them, and therefore, Kim can be regarded as a good example to illustrate this conception.


Article
The Reliability of Electronic Program Based on Samples of Constructional Learning in Encouraging Electronic Learning For the Student Teachers
فاعلية برنامج الكتروني مدمج قائم على نماذج التعلم البنائي في تنمية الاتجاه نحو التعليم الالكتروني المدمج لدى الطلبة المطبقين

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الخلاصة

The present study aims at assessing the reliability of electronic program in encouraging electronic learning. To fulfill the aims of the study, the sample of the study was divided into two groups: the controlling group and the experimental one


Article
Al-Khumaini's Attitude Towards the Policy of Al-Shah Muhammad Ridah Pahlawi (1962-1964)
موقف السيد الخميني من سياسية الشاه محمد رضا بهلوي (1962-1964)

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الخلاصة

The study of eminent persons is a situation that imposes itself، as a necessity that can not be unimportant، because it forms the way to access these personal backgrounds and to identify the most important political events surrounding them and their ability to face these events، especially where some personalities were able to change course Political events and the establishment of an honorable history in their countries as the personality of the spirit of God Khomeini of the subjects worthy of attention.


Article
The Islamic East During the Caliphate of Al-Imam Ali (Peace Be Upon Him): Studying Different Texts
المشرق الاسلامي في إثناء خلافة الامام علي (عليه السلام)

المؤلفون: Husain Dakhil Al-Bahadili حسين داخل البهادلي
الصفحات: 682-703
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الخلاصة

The paper is titled: "The Islamic Mashriq during the Era of Caliphate of Imam Ali (A.S.): Exploring Different Texts" The current paper sheds a light on a subject that was not dealt with before as a result of lack historical references in providing information that help researchers and those who study in the field in question in unveiling the hidden dangerous events that accompanied the Caliphate of Imam Ali Bin Abi Talib (A.S.). Besides, this includes the Mashriq front as well as the rarity of information which describe the situations and the events accompanied to them. Moreover, the paper concerned is featured by collecting the scattered pieces of information from sundries of references, organizing them and arranging them in its historical context.


Article
The Difficulties of Using Educational Techniques from the Point of View of Male and Female Teachers of Arabic in the Intermediate Schools
معوقات استخدام التقنيات التربوية من وجهة نظر مدرسي اللغة العربية ومدرساتها في المرحلة المتوسطة

المؤلفون: Amal Dawood Salman أمل داود سلمان
الصفحات: 704-717
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الخلاصة

The present study aims at assessing the difficulties of using educational techniques from the Arabic teachers of intermediate schools point of view. A questioner consists of 15 items has been given out to a sample consists of 80 teachers. The study come up to that the teacher do not pay attention to the Educational aids in intermediate schools because the lack of experience and the lack of the training programs that explain the use of such aids. It is recommended to pay extra attention to the educational aids.


Article
Spelling Correction in Al-Kasim Bin Ali Al-Hariri's "Durrat Al-Ghawas in Awoham Al-Khawas"
التصويبات الإملائية عند القاسم بن علي الحريري (ت 516 هـ) في كتابه "درة الغوّاص في أوهام الخواص"

المؤلفون: Ahmad Mari'i Hasan Al-Abbas احمد مرعي حسن العباس
الصفحات: 718-735
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الخلاصة

The book "Durat Al-Ghawas Fee Awham Al-Khaws" for Al-Qasim Ibn Ali Al-Hareeri (Died in 516 A. H) considers one of the most important books that included the mistakes question in Arabic language in its syntax، morphology، and phonology، also the book included the semantic errors that made some of people mistook in their meaning، then it is included some of spelling mistakes which called by the traditional grammarians (Al-heja'a، Al-rasem، or Al-khat). This book is middle in its size that the number of the questions that corrected them reached to two handrends and twenty two (222) questions. All of them were from the mistakes of Baghdadians and Basrians for the author lived over there. The method of Al-Hareeri in its book was to checking the mistakes of the writers، poets، the high prestage peoples، the men of letter and the composers، so he referred to their mistakes and corrected them with the formal speech and the straight styles. Then، he filled his book with literary stories and attached the correctness with the unique examples، grace wisdoms، and good poems. Therefore، this study tackled with selected numbers of spelling mistakes that Al-Hareeri corrected them. The nature of the study needed to mention the question as it is came by Al-harari with correctness for it، giving it a definition، then discussing it by depending on most important resources which including the dictation subject. However، the study concluded with the conclusion about the result of the study. Our method was grammatically method in order to achieved the harmony of Al-Harari rules with other dictation scholars depending on what available from the dictation old and modern resources.


Article
The Compound Numbers from One Hundred on: The Old and New Reading
الأعداد المعطوفة على المائة فصاعدًا قراءة بين القدامى والمحدثين

المؤلفون: Waleed Nihad Abass وليد نهاد عبّاس
الصفحات: 736-745
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الخلاصة

The main idea of the research is that the compound numbers from one hundred on can be written and read from the right to the left or from the left to the right. The old reading of such numbers was from the right to the left as the Arabs write from the right

الكلمات الدلالية

numbers --- ancient --- modern --- الأعداد. القدامى. المحدثين


Article
رواية (هتلية) حكاية الضياع والاغتراب تحت خيمة الوطن (دراسة تحليلية)

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الخلاصة

Iraq is the cradle of civilization since the times of Sumer and Babylon and this country is very rich which makes it a target to be invaded. Iraq, throughout the passage of time witnessed invasions. Such circumstances played role in forming the personality of the Iraqi people which differs from the others in the world


Article
Yaseen Al-Ulaimi's Grammatical Objections in His Explanation to Ibin Malik's One Thousand Lines Poem
اعتراضات ياسين العُليمي النَّحوية ت(1061هـ) في شرحه على ألفية ابن مالك ت(672هـ)

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الخلاصة

It is well known in practical lesson and general grammar lesson especially that the Scientist is different with the other in certain assets and branching, and Yassin al-Alimi, one of the Arab scholars who disagree reportedly objected to some grammarians arguing sometimes, as is well versed at me from the scientific tools We called study (objections Yassin al-Alimi (1061 AH) in his commentary on Alfiya (672 AH)).


Article
ERROR ANALYSIS OF INTENSIVE ENGLISH STUDENTS' WRITTEN COMPOSITIONS AT THE OPEN EDUCATIONAL COLLEGE
تحليل أخطاء طلبة كلية التربية المفتوحة في كتابة الإنشاء

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الخلاصة

Research in the field of language acquisition reveals that error analysis is one of the central means used to measure foreign language learners' areas of weaknesses. This research aimed at examining, through an error analysis investigation, the morphological and syntactic errors that student writers made when they wrote in descriptive and narrative genres. The population of the study consisted of seventy college students attending the intensive English program at the Open Educational College/ Al-Qadisiya Center for the academic year2015-2014. The basic goal aimed at identifying the most problematic and grammatical areas that students faced in order to construct materials and narrative genres resulted in the same types of errors. In terms of frequency, syntactic errors were found to be much higher than the morphological ones. Finally, it was found that the participants had made more errors in the descriptive texts than in the narrative ones.


Article
Parapsychology and Physics
الباراسيكولويجي والفيزياء

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الخلاصة

Einstein's Theory of Relativity assures that time is considered a fourth dimension in nature, so substance dimensions are length, width, highness and time. Time is changing according to actions. One action may occur in past, present or future depending on the action observer i.e., time in the Theory of Relativity has no existence except in our minds and we cannot describe any action in its real time unless we depend on the location of the actions observer. It can be concluded that the universe is absolutely present, and precognition is the ability to communicate with present and its actions that occurred out of the time circle. Concerning Quantum Mechanism, as considered by the physicians to be defined as statistical predictions, this keeps in pace with the truth which says that parapsychology predictions are active according to data average. Quantum Mechanism does not work with transmitting energy but with active actions. At the same time, parapsychology datum works with interrelated datum. Quantum theory involves parapsychology. Einstein and Blank have agreed on the conception of the universe. They concluded that substance is distinguished of being formed from granular structure. The big improvement was established by (Lui Debreu) when he suggested that substance has waves the go align with it depending on Einstein and Blanks' formulas. This leads to Lenz Pour predictions. Each substance has a limited number of vibrations. Substance is formed from particles, and each particle contains protons and a number of electrons. Electrons are negative and protons are positive. Substance can also be defined as electromagnetic waves (visible and nonvisible). The nonvisible waves are called (Ariel) that fills the universe. Heat, light and electricity represent the last level of substance. That explains why we could not realize our souls existence. It can be concluded that there is a strong relation between life and electricity which explains the effect of life on earth.


Article
The position of constitutional legislation of Iraqi women (1921-1958(
موقف التشريعات الدستورية من المرأة العراقية (1921-1958)

المؤلفون: Wafa Kadhim Al-Kindi وفاء كاظم الكندي
الصفحات: 808-834
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الخلاصة

It is noteworthy that the problem of women is manifested through their political rights, which emerged from a series of problems addressed by women, and a policy to reach a radical solution, especially after they have made strides in the field of education. They began to demand that, after imposing the needs of social and cultural development, Informational Technology & Informational Technology & Informational Technology


Article
Effect of weekly tests in the achievement of students of the Mathematics Department / College of Education for pure sciences in the curriculum and methods of teaching mathematics
اثر الاختبارات الاسبوعية في تحصيل طلبة قسم الرياضيات/ كلية التربية للعلوم الصرفة في مادة مناهج وطرائق تدريس الرياضيات

المؤلفون: Shaima Shaker Jumaa شيماء شاكر جمعة
الصفحات: 835-851
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الخلاصة

The method forms the nerve of learning and teaching, without which the subject can not be systematically transferred to students Therefore ,the purpose of the present research is to know the effect of the weekly tests on the students' achievement in curriculum and methods of teaching according to the gender variable. Therefore, the researcher used for this purpose a collection test prepared for this purpose and after statistical analysis Showed that there is superiority to the students of the experimental group who are subjected to weekly tests on students of the control group who are not subject to the weekly tests in the curriculum and methods of teaching and also there is no difference between the average males and females who were tested The researcher suggests conducting future studies that complement the research

جدول المحتويات السنة: المجلد: العدد: