جدول المحتويات

مجلة كلية التربية الأساسية للعلوم التربوية والإنسانية

ISSN: 23043717 23128003
الجامعة: جامعة بابل
الكلية: التربية الاساسية
اللغة: Arabic

This journal is Open Access

حول المجلة

المجلة تهتم بالبحوث العلمية في المجالات التربوية والإنسانية، وهي مجلة فصلية تصدر كل ٣ أشهر، وصدر أول عدد في عام ٢٠٠٩م، تخضع البحوث المنشورة إلى تقويم علمي من قبل مختصين في مجال البحث المراد نشره قبل عملية النشر.

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معلومات الاتصال

mcbe_babylon@yahoo.com
07801733667

جدول المحتويات السنة: 2017 المجلد: العدد: 35

Article
Motivation and its relationship with the Tendency Towards Teaching as a Post for the Male and Female Students of the College of Education in Afeef
الدافعية وعلاقتها في تكوين الاتجاه نحو مهنة التدريس لدى طلاب وطالبات كلية التربية بعفيف

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الخلاصة

The researchers of psychology and sociology have been interested in studying the motivation, the academic acquisition, and the practical performance within the frame of the educational psychology. Motivation is not important in the psychological field only but also in many applied and scientific fields such as the economic, educational, and academic fields. Motivation is considered essential to urge the individual to prove his identity.


Article
Reading and Writing Difficulties and their Relationship with Academic Achievement - Towards a Modern Approach
صعوبات القراءة والكتابة وعلاقتهما بالتحصيل الدراسي - نحو مقاربة حديثة

المؤلفون: El Maghraoui Omar عمر المغراوي
الصفحات: 18-27
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الخلاصة

This paper aims at demonstrating some specificities of teaching the Arabic language as well as shedding light upon the learning difficulties that face some learners at the level of teaching and learning the skills of reading and writing. In the same vein, this paper suggests modern methodologies that help overcome some learning difficulties to achieve the targeted academic success, based upon a group of academic field studies.


Article
Extraction the psychometric properties the scale of the changing personal values has been applied with a group of students in Algerian Environment
استخراج الخصائص السيكومترية لمقياس التحول في القيم الشخصية على عينة من التلاميذ في البيئة الجزائرية

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الخلاصة

The aim of this study is to Extraction the psychometric properties the scale of the changing personal values, by Aloufayssan (2006). For this purpose, we have chosen a sample of (100) students (boys and girls) terminal class, in El Oued province, they were chosen randomly with the stratified sample. We have applied two methods: half dividing and the internal coherence method through counting Alpha coefficient Cronback, to sustain this measurement we have used the following validity measurements: the method through counting and the Comparison peripheral Believe. Using the above mentioned statistical styles we have reached that the measurement of changing personal values, by Aloufayssan (2006) realized accepted levels of validity and reliability after it has been applied with a group of students in El Oued province that its characteristics agree with successful evaluation features.


Article
Al-Jamie's explanations on the explanation of kafiyah
تعریضات الجامي علی الرضيّ في شرح الکافیة

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الخلاصة

Al-Kafiya Zavi Al-Arab Fī Ma'rifat Kalam al-'Arab, known also as Al-Kafiya Ibn Al-Hajib is one of the most famous books on syntax written by Ibn Hajib. His interest in simplifying syntactic rules caused him to put to pen a Preface entitled Al-Kafiya; naming the book as such clarifies the writer’s aim as it makes both the beginners and experts of the field refrain from consulting difficult-to-understand books on syntax. In other words, this is a book needed even by professors of the field. In his Preface, Ibn Hajib has made use of non-mystifying euphuistic language, a method which shows his ability and mastery over syntactic rules. The above book has attracted the attention of the scientists of the field so much so that they have entered into a race of better writing a commentary, a debate, or marginal notes on it, as it has dealt with all syntactic subjects, even though it is a complete simplified book for that purpose. Its unique characteristics have caused it to become the center of attention for the old and new scholars of syntax and gain the first place amongst all other related works in terms of attracting explanation, explication, sustenance, and marginal notes. Razi Astarabadi is one of the most famous critics of Al Kafiya. His exegesis is very famous and possesses a high rank with the scholars. Among the other famous commentaries one can refer to Al-Fawaid Al-Ziaiyya by Jami who made his best in this book to solve the difficulties and riddles of Al-Kafiya by resorting to various explanations. He has analyzed many relevant resources, chosen useful materials, and added sentences to them in order to satisfy the needs of the students, so much so that one can assert that Jami’s book is a summary of Razi’s commentaries on Al-Kafiya. Jami has printed Razi’s phrases and views in his book without any alterations so much so that the beginners are unable to distinguish between them, even though in most cases he has not abstained from mentioning Razi’s name; at times, to defend Ibn Hajib, he has taken issue with Razi’s commentaries. Making use of descriptive-analytical method, the present research has sought to show Jami’s critique on Razi Astarabadi’s analysis of the views and theories of the previous scholars of the field. Some of the results obtained explain that Jami has not limited himself only to expressing Razi’s views; on the contrary, he has critically mentioned the reasons for choosing, preferring, rejecting, or deleting them.


Article
The Governmental Schools' Teachers' Employment of the Basic Principles of the Learning Means in the Scholastic Acquisition of Their Pupils
مدى استخدام معلمي المدراس الحكومية للقواعد الاساسية المتبعة للوسائل التعليمية في التحصيل الدراسي لتلامذتهم

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الخلاصة

The study aimed to investigate Public schools teachers use extent of the basic rules of educational methods in the educational achievement of their students in government schools in Jordan from teachers point of view. To achieve this goal, a questionnaire was designed according to study objectives and hypotheses.The questionnaire was distributed to a random sample amounting 150 teachers selected from Amman Governmental Schools.130 questionnaire were collected , this means that the response rate is86.66%. The study found that the followed roles in selecting the instructional materials affects students'academic achievement. Moreover the study found that there is an impact of followed rules used before and upon using of instructional materials on students' academic achievement. The study recommended the need to provide instructional in public schools through following to cope with the latest developments and developments related to instructional materials in order to improve and develop the educational process And to provide the students with the necessary skills and concepts.


Article
The Role of the Knowledge Administration in Improving the Administrative Skills of the Collective Colleges Leaderships in the Governorate of Al-Dawadmi
دور إدارة المعرفة في تنمية المهارات الإدارية لدى قيادات الكليات الجامعية بمحافظة الدوادمي

المؤلفون: Falah bin Khalaf Al-Ajrafi فلاح بن خلف العجرفي
الصفحات: 65-91
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الخلاصة

The study aimed to identify the role of knowledge management in developing the management skills of the university leadership at Shakra University. The sample of the current study consisted of (48) academic leaders of Shakra University. The study tools included a questionnaire prepared by the researcher. The study was based on the comparative descriptive approach. The study reached a number of results, in which the researcher confirmed that knowledge management plays an important role in developing the management skills of the academic leaders of Shakra University


Article
Educational Innovations at Palestinian Schools “An analytical study”
التجديدات التربوية في المدارس الفلسطينية "دراسة تحليلية"

المؤلفون: Majdi A. Zamel مجدي علي زامل
الصفحات: 92-109
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الخلاصة

This study aimed at identifying educational innovations at Palestinian schools in the light of the developments of the current century, in terms of identifying the challenges facing educational innovations at Palestinian schools, ways of addressing them and highlighting the educational innovations at Palestinian schools according to two areas: Learning environment and teaching strategies. The researcher adopted the qualitative approach through the analysis of literature contained in the documents, reports, studies and experiments specialized in the field of the study besides a semi-codified interview to answer the questions of the study and to present recommendations and proposals. The results of the study indicate that the educational innovations require deep understanding of its objectives and components and needs to be based on tracks that can be considered as a theoretical and key reference frame for the process of educational innovations in schools education. The study showed many challenges to educational innovations at Palestinian schools, the most important of which is the lack of material resources and lack of competencies in the field of educational innovations at schools. The study also showed that overcoming these challenges can be achieved through the adoption of educational policies that support educational innovations and a sound and open educational thought, an educational environment with qualified physical and human resources, in addition to professionals in the field of educational innovations. Finally, the study also showed that educational innovations in teaching environments and teaching strategies at Palestinian schools did not reach the level required by the current century.


Article
Contrast Between Grammatical Raising up and Cutting off in Imam Al-Bukari A Theoretical Applied Study
تعارض الرفع والوقف عند الإمام البخاري - دراسة نظرية تطبيقية

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الخلاصة

This research tackled an exact and important issue of the science of hadith which is the contradictory of marfu(1)and mauquf(2). The scholars differ about them widely anciently and recently. The research proved that the previous scholars (Aimah) and on top of them Albukhari didn’t judge the issue completely. But the acceptance and the reply for them is supported with associations.Therefore this research came with pure scientific benefits ; and this is through its combination of theoretical and practical sides. It is hoped that this research will enhance the ultimate trust in the efforts of the scholars and critics of the hadith، which they did to serve the pure sunnat. (1) A hadith referred back to the prophet.e.g. a reporter (whether a companion، successor or other) says ” The messenger of Allah said …” (2) A hadith referred back to a companion e.g. “ibn Abbas said…” Without being attributed to the prophet.


Article
The Problem of Search in the Islamic Economic History - Economic Recession and Stability in the Islamic West as an Example
إشكالية البحث في التاريخ الاقتصادي الإسلامي - التأزم والاستقرار الاقتصادي في الغرب الإسلامي أنموذجاً

المؤلفون: Murad Tijnanet مراد تجنانت
الصفحات: 123-134
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الخلاصة

The different Muslim sources contain rich information relating to économic facts and events. One can mention particularly the annals, the books of hisba and the books of fatwa gathering the legal opinions issued by the Muslim jurisprudence specialists The problem that arises in historical scientific research is how to look at economic issues and project the terms of economic terminology on the traditional expressions of the middle Ages or at least bring them closer together. The crisis and economic prosperity will be the subject of this study. The term “crisis” does not appear in Muslim sources. Arab Lexical dictionaries generally indicated this by the deprivation or suffering that affects groups and individuals. but in A rare fact It is found in a hadith attributed to the prophet. Mecca then suffered the detrimental effects of extreme scarcity. In order to clearly indicate a situation of economic crisis, the word "expensive" was preferred. The sources also implicitly mentioned it as symptoms such as the decline in production, caused by situations such as wars, droughts, floods, locust invasions, and their consequences, such as famines, forced migration of populations and the high rate of mortality. Economic stability was often signified by the ease and the prosperity, a fertile season followed by good agricultural production, lower prices, peace, and political stability. Throughout the study of the terms “crisis” and “economic stability”, we can conclude that the projection of economic terminology in the first place on historical texts and jurisprudence is possible and this will allow us to carry out an exhaustive research in this field.


Article
The degree of educational supervisors' practice of communication skills and their relation to the motivation level of teachers in the basic stage in the Kingdom of Jordan from their point of view
درجة ممارسة المشرفين التربويين لمهارات الاتصال وعلاقتها بمستوى دافعية معلمين المرحلة الأساسية في المملكة الأردنية من وجهة نظرهم

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الخلاصة

The aim of this study is to identify the degree of practicing educational skills of teachers and their relation to the level of motivation of teachers in the basic stage in the Kingdom of Jordan from their point of view. To achieve the objectives of the study, the researcher designed a questionnaire to measure the degree of availability of communication skills and the level of motivation among teachers. And a number of (350) questionnaires were randomly selected and retrieved (323) with 92.2% response rate. After checking, the researcher excluded (18) questionnaires that are not valid for the analysis. In other words, 305 questionnaires were used for analytical purposes. After the statistical analysis, the degree of availability of nonverbal communication skills among educational supervisors The teachers' point of view was great, while the other communication skills achieved an intermediate availability and were ranked in descending order "writing skill, reading skill, skill Speaking skills, "and the results showed a positive correlation between the teachers 'communication skills and teachers' motivation.


Article
The Islamic Attitude in the Divan of Nida' Al-Islam (Islamic Call) by Arif Al-Shaikh Abdullah Hasan
الاتجاه الاسلامي في ديوان نداء الاسلام لعارف الشيخ عبدالله حسن

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الخلاصة

Arif Al-Shaikh Abdullah Hasan is writer, poet, and orator. His poetry is enriched with Quranic verses and Islamic matters. The numerousness of the Quoranic references in his divan requires a critical study to clarify the places of beauty in it. The Islamic matters and images are noticeable in the divan affected by the political, social and economic circumstances. He mentions pilgrimage and various places of the religious rituals. He urges people to hold up Islam and its traditions. His poetry is devoid of rhetorical aspects. The analytic, descriptive method has been used in this research


Article
Administration of Documents Followed in the Social Welfare Centers
إدارة الوثائق الجارية في مراكز الرعاية الاجتماعية

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الخلاصة

This research aims at studying the administration of documents followed in Dar Al-Hanan for Children Care. It has dealt with the realistic, practical aspect in Dar Al-Hanan in relation to organization, arrangement, saving up of documents


Article
Jerusalem in the poetry of Wadih al - Bustani
تجليات القدس في شعر وديع البستاني

المؤلفون: Naheda Ahmad Hussein Kiswani ناهدة أحمد الكسواني
الصفحات: 171-182
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الخلاصة

This research consists of four main aspects: the first is entitled "before the words". The researcher provides in it a brief glance on Jerusalem and the Zionist in the modern era. The second section talks about the life of the poet Wadih Al Bustani. In the third section I talked about Wadih Al Bustani‘s opinion on the British mandate and the intentions of Britain for a real national homeland for the Jews in Jerusalem and Palestine. The last section of the research revolves around Wadih Al Bustani calling for Arab unity and the need for the Christian and Muslims Palestinians to work together against the Zionists in Jerusalem. Jerusalem is the most city that had this political and strategic interest, historical and literary. And that’s because of its historical value in the wars and conflicts in the region and its value in holy religions. This important value was reflected on Arabic poetry. Moreover, it is rare to find any Arab poet who didn’t write poetry talking about Jerusalem and Palestine. Suliman Gibran says about Wadih Al Bustani: "He was born in Lebanon, but he is Palestinian in his affiliation. He was born Christian but lived in a Muslim environment and culture. And the most important thing in his life is his poetry “. Wadih Al Bustani was the first one who was against the British- Zionist mandate. Wadih Al Bustani’s poetry was about the political struggle in Palestine and was filled with a national passionate sense. He fought for the Palestinian struggle through his pen and his words


Article
The Requirements to Improve the Performance of the Scholastic Leaderships in the Light of the Scholastic Leadership Standards of the Learning Evaluation Body in the Kingdom of Saudia Arabia
متطلبات تطوير أداء القيادات المدرسية في ضوء معايير جودة القيادة المدرسية لهيئة تقويم التعليم بالمملكة العربية السعودية

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الخلاصة

The current study aimed to identify the requirements of the development of school leaders' performance in the light of standards of school leadership quality of Public Education Evaluation Commission in Saudi Arabia. Additionally, this study seeks to identify the statistical significant differences between the means of the respondents' responses on the requirements of requirements of the development of school leaders' performance according to the study's variables (the current work, grade). The researcher used the descriptive approach to analysis the data of this study. The study's population consisted of public schools' leaders and they are (1018) leaders and (22,521) teachers totaling (23,539) individuals. The researcher used the questionnaire as study instrument that has been validated. The data of this study was analyzed and processed statistically by using SPSS program. The results of this study show that the study's respondents agree intermediately on the requirements of the development of school leaders' performance. These requirements include supporting the activities, tools and methods that lead to the development and improvement of the school, as well as releasing the culture of school performance of the school's leaders and adopting the flexible policies based on the devolution of powers to enable workers occupationally and motivate school staff to meet the standards of Public Education Evaluation Commission in Saudi Arabia. The results of this study show that there are statistical significant differences at the level of (0.01) between the means of the respondents' responses on the requirements of the development of school leaders' performance according to the current position variable (teacher – school leader) for the sake of the respondents of the school leaders while there are not statistical significant differences between the respondents' responses means on the requirements of the development of school leaders' performance according to the current workplace. The study provided some recommendations to focus on the provision more incentives for the school leaders and define Public Education Evaluation Commission in Saudi Arabia and its standards, as well as activate the consulting role of Colleges of Education in all local universities as an experience source for school leaders and build a certain strategy to select, prepare and train the school leaders before and during the services in the light of standards of school leadership quality of Public Education Evaluation Commission in Saudi Arabia.


Article
A morphological and Semantic Study of the Arabic Metrical Unit “fa’aala” in the Holy Quran
صيغة فعالة في القرآن الكريم دراسة صرفية دلالية

المؤلفون: Saad Bin Saif Al-Madhyani سعد بن سيف المضياني
الصفحات: 200-219
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الخلاصة

This study aims at investigating the Quranic words which are formed using the metrical unit “fa’aala”. It is well-known that understanding semantics in Quran is based upon understanding the connotation of its lexical items in addition to the structures used in it. The current study also enriches the Quranic and linguistic studies. The significance of this study lies in the fact that it locates the words which are formed using the metrical unit “fa’aala” then reveals the semantic and morphological meanings of this group of words. It also sheds light on some linguistic phenomena that are usually related to such kind of studies. The study throws light on the role of context in determining the semantic meaning, regarding attentively both synonymy and polysemy and referring to some examples of collocation. Furthermore; the study clarifies the role of the Quranic Qira’at (methods of recitation) in widening the Quranic connotative meaning by studying some of the Qira’at of these words.


Article
Modernism and Consistency in the phrase A Practical study on Mugni Allabeeb Classification
التَّجدد والثُّبوت في شبه الجملة دراسة تطبيقيَّة في مصنَّف مغني اللبيب

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الخلاصة

The study concluded that the phrase which has been mentioned by Ibn Husham Alansary Almasry in his book Mugni Allabeeb on Jar majrur and adverb depends for its consistency on the phrase and it's concerns when directly mentioned،while it depends on its estimation when omitted، bearing in mind the semantic and structural correctness when estimating the omitted concerns


Article
English medium of Indian Literature Growth and Deployment: A Critical Study
اللغة الإنكليزية في الادب الهندي: التطور والانتشار: دراسه نقدية

المؤلفون: Thamer Yousif Allawi ثامر يوسف علاوي
الصفحات: 229-234
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الخلاصة

The century before independence of India many of writers began to use the English language as a medium of literary expression. Cavelly Venkata Boriah was the one who undertaken the first literary work in English. His translated work, Accounts of the Jains (1809), is perhaps the first published work in English. The first original writing in English appeared in prose. Raja Rammohan Roy was the first to write in English and his essay is called A Defence of Hindu Theism (1817). After Raja Rammohan Roy many writers appeared like Henry Louis Vivian Derozio, Toru Dutt, Aurobindo Ghose, Rabindranath Tagore, Sarojini Naidu and others who showed keen interest in English language. Most of these writers were educated abroad and their literary accounts were influenced by western ideas and philosophy. The political and social environment was charged with highly patriotic sentiments. The paper presents some of the issues in connection to the development of Indian English literature form pre-colonial days to the present day.


Article
Divine Call Between Religious and Secular Traditions
النداء الإلهي بين السنن الشرعية والكونية

المؤلفون: Abdel Hafeedh Al-Abdalawi عبد الحفيظ العبدلاوي
الصفحات: 235-255
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الخلاصة

The Evidential images referring to the unity of the divine call throughout the universe are various and renewing with time. It is reintroduced in the various aspects of science


Article
Blood Relationship from the Woman Side and its Influence on the Wars in the Arabic Peninsula in the Fifth and Sixth Centuries
القرابة من جهة المرأة وأثرها على حروب شبه الجزيرة العربية خلال القرنين الخامس والسادس الميلاديين

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الخلاصة

Arabic peninsula in the pre-Islamic period was a place for conflicts and wars. The reasons of these wars were political, economic, social and psychological. Some tribes think that invasion is a natural matter to prove their dominancy and supremacy or due to their subordination to the Romans or Persians. The wars were probably because of economic reasons following water and pastures


Article
Samples of the Contributions of the Moroccans in the Prophetic Biography
نماذج من إسهامات أهل المغرب في السيرة النبوية

المؤلفون: Rasheed Kuhoos رشيد كُهُوس
الصفحات: 270-279
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الخلاصة

The prophetic biography has urged scholars, literary men, and poets, moved their souls and hearts and enriched their wisdom and thoughtfulness. They were inspired by that bright biography figuring out from various lessons and anecdotes.


Article
Quran on the students of the first grade of secondary school in Riyadh (Courses System(
أثر الفصول الافتراضية في تدريس أحكام تجويد القرآن الكريم للصف الأول الثانوي بمدينة الرياض (نظام مقررات)

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الخلاصة

The Study aimed to identify the impact of virtual classroom in the teaching of the Recital rules of Quran on the students of the first grade of secondary school in Riyadh (courses system). The researchers used quasi-experimental method, two classrooms have been selected one of them represents the experimental group and the other represents the control group each of them consists of 17 female students. Findings • There are significant differences between the average grades of female students in both groups. • There are significant differences between the average grades of female students in both groups in the application of the provisions of the Noon. • There are significant differences between the average grades of female students in the both groups in the application of the provisions of the tide in the note card recitation of Quran for the experimental group. • There were no statistically significant differences between the average grades of female in both groups in the application of the provisions of Almim static in the note card of Quran recitation


Article
Natural symbols and their signification in Soleiman Al-Isa poems (the divan of Me and Qods)
الرمز الطبیعي ودلالته فی شعر سلیمان العیسی (دیوان أنا والقدس)

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الخلاصة

Soleiman Al-Isa is one of the contemporary Arab poets who belive in committed and purposeful literature and fight agaist false and evil deeds with their works. That is why he never remains silent in front of the political and social problems of the Arab world and focuses his attention on the biggest problem in that area which is the occupation of Palestine by the Zionist regime. In his resistance poems, he uses natural symbols to deepen the meaning, express emotions and imagine fantasies. Fear from imprisonment and terror is the main reason for his use of symbols in resistance poems. This study investigates the natural symbols and their significations in the divan of Me and Qods written by the Syrian poet Soleiman Al-Isa with a descriptive analytic method. The poet has used many natural phenomena such as wind, spring, night, morning, wolf, fire, and colors to signify his thoughts, emotions, and feelings. He has paid attention to the history of Arab nation and their culture and religion while using these symbols. For instance, the green color which is sacred in the arab culture and religion has been used as a symbol fir the freedom of Palestine. These symbols have been able to express the emotions and fantasies of the poet. These symbols have protected him from the risk of imprisonment and terror. However, they have not induced ambiguity and complexity in his resistance poems. The poems are simple and easy to understand and the reader can get the meanings completely.


Article
Al-Jahid's View about Language Rise and the Important Linguistic Problems Affecting the Human Tongue (From Mazin Al-Wa'r's Point of View)
رؤية الجاحظ لنشأة اللغة وأهم الأمراض اللغوية التي تصيب اللسان البشري (من وجهة نظر مازن الوعر)

المؤلفون: Ibn Shatooh Amir ابن شتوح عامر
الصفحات: 307-316
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الخلاصة

What Al-Jahiz wrote expresses truly a distinct effort That was marked by seriousness and strength of mastery and good placement because it forms an Arab figure that has its position among Arab scientists who represent the Arab heritage - linguistic and rhetorical part of it – represent it very importantly that leaves no room for doubt, for he had his own reviews and imprints, and through what we followed of what researcher Mazen Al-Waer wrote we found that he was interested in what Al-Jahiz wrote either at the level of the emergence of language, or at the level of language diseases that afflict human tongue, Mazen Al-Waer reading was in light of the modern linguistic lesson t prove that the findings of the west of the linguistic and scientific facts have an impact on what our ancient Arab scientists wrote


Article
The Dialectal Variety and the Tendency Towards Learning Standard Arabic Inside the Arabic Homeland
التعدد اللهجي وسؤال تعلم الفصحى داخل الوطن العربي

المؤلفون: Al-Tuhami Al-Hayni التهامي الحايني
الصفحات: 317-325
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الخلاصة

The Arabic linguistic atmosphere is characterized by a variety of dialects which obviously affects the standards Arabic. The latter is connected to a huge heritage which is not naturally required but learned. The minimal level represents the native language which naturally required. The dialect formed due to the various geographical locations comes next to the language and is studied by dialectology


Article
Defects of "witness" in the lexicon
عيوب "الشاهد" في المعجم الوسيط

المؤلفون: Az-eddine ziyati عز الدين الزياتي
الصفحات: 326-341
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الخلاصة

Our objective in this research entitled "The defects of the citation in ALMOAJAM ALWASSITE" is to re-read the 4th edition of "ALMOAJAM ALWASSITE" published by the Academy of the Arabic language in Cairo and to examine its shortcomings in order to overcome them and to develop each subsequent lexical work. The purpose of this research, which is of a critical corrective nature, is to find the answer to the problematic of citation, which we believe is in need of a review, including: - To what extent has "ALMOAJAM ALWASSITE" remained faithful to the commitments made at the introduction, with regard to the citation? - What is the methodology used to provide citations and to extract them from their sources? - Is this work achieved a degree of perfection and maturity, which qualifies its fourth edition published in 2004, without including any modification of the third edition?

الكلمات الدلالية

lexicon --- citation --- definition --- المعجم، الشاهد، التعريف


Article
The administrative style of school principals and its relation to the job security of teachers in Irbid governorate
النمط الإداري لمدراء المدارس وعلاقته بالأمن الوظيفي لدى المعلمين في محافظة إربد

المؤلفون: Samih Mohammad Yousif Ashtiyat سامح محمد اشتيات
الصفحات: 342-371
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الخلاصة

The study aims to uncover the prevailing administrative patterns among the principals in Irbid governorate and its relation to the security of teachers in the schools affiliated to the Directorate of Education in Irbid Governorate. The study population is composed of all 1337 teachers in the Irbid governorate, Basic school, And (25) secondary schools. The study sample consisted of (304) teachers who were randomly selected. To achieve the objectives of the study, the management styles were developed. The study showed that the degree of availability of management styles is moderate, as follows: Democratic administration came in first place, and to a great extent, the second rank came in the middle grade, the third was the middle class, and the autocratic style came in the middle grade. The results of the study on the second question showed that the degree of security of the teachers in Irbid governorate is generally high. This indicates that the teachers in Irbid governorate feel safe. The level of anxiety, tension and pressure at the work level is low. Therefore, the overall level of their feeling of security Career is high


Article
Creative Writing: Origination and Skills
الكتابة الابداعية .. النشأة والمهارات

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الخلاصة

The writing is an art of the linguistic arts in which communication is made between human beings. It is the art in which a person conveys his thoughts to others in writing. If we know that we are living today, the era of cognitive explosion, and that the individual is indispensable On the one hand, we realized the value of this linguistic art in that man deposits the paper juice of his ideas, and convey those ideas and knowledge to others in a way that shakes their feelings, and raises their imagination. In this sense, the need for this research was called for to highlight the importance of this linguistic skill, especially as it is a goal pursued by the Arab Darras, and for this purpose, Arabic studies its sciences in order to improve them and enable the learner to master their skills


Article
Characters Opposition in the Novel (The Sword and the Word) by Emad Al-Deen Khaleel: a Rhetorical View
تقابل الشخصيات في رواية السيف والكلمة لـ(عماد الدين خليل) رؤية بلاغية

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الخلاصة

التقابل ظاهرة بلاغية معروفة، مختلفة الأشكال، سادت الأدب العربي القديم، وأصبحت اليوم سمةً مميزة في الأدب الحديث، وليس ذلك فحسب بل إحدى قوانينه بوصفها انعكاساً وترجمة للواقع المتناقض، فضلاً عن كونها تعبيراً عن حالات نفسيّة، وأحاسيس غامضة مبهمة تتعالق فيها الصور، وتنتظم فيها المفردات لتكوين صورة توضح الموقف العام. فالتقابل لدينا يشمل عناصر جديدة تقوم على الأساس التقابلي، وهو الجمع بين متقابلين سواء أكان التقابل بالألفاظ، أم بالجمل، أم بالصورة، أم بالموقف بأية علاقة تقابلية ترتبط بها النصوص.


Article
Veneration of the Prophet Mohammed (PBUH) in the Holy Quran
تكريم النبي محمد ص في القرآن الكريم

المؤلفون: Yakdan Sami Mohammed يقظان سامي محمد
الصفحات: 397-404
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الخلاصة

Praise be to Allah, Who never prays to one another and prays to His Prophet and His Savior, Muhammad , the Seal of the Prophets and the Imam of the Innocents, as the number of atoms of soil and stars of heaven. To follow him who wanted to fine. May Allah have mercy on him, the master of mankind Muhammad bin Abdullah peace be upon him and his family, and make him a good place in the earth and the sky and make him a good example, who wanted to make his way, and left behind, he departed from the mercy of God and satisfaction


Article
The intellectual treatment of a striving in the Iraqi Theatrical performance
المعالجات الفكرية للجهاد في العرض المسرحي العراقي

المؤلفون: Wsn Abed Al-Ameer Hussein وسن عبد الأمير حسين
الصفحات: 405-425
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الخلاصة

The research sheds light on a topic related to the human reality in the whole world، namely the subject of a striving and how it is dealt with intellectually by the Iraqi theater directors. The first topic dealt with a striving conceptually: religiously، politically. The second topic of a striving in the world stage. The director of the academic drama (Aqeel Mahdi Yousif(in the play (Al Hussein now) wanted to clarify that the idea of Hussein is a holistic idea that extends to all humanity، and that a striving Al Hussein is safe if the hurricanes are raging. And to show our intellectual position as an audience about the current situation


Article
Employing The principles Of Brain-Based Learning Theory In Biology Textbooks for The Intermediate Stage From The Point of View of Their Teachers
توظيف مبادئ نظرية التعلم المستند للدماغ في كتب علم الاحياء للمرحلة المتوسطة من وجهة نظر مدرسيها

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الخلاصة

The purpose of this study was to find out how to use the principles of brain-based learning theory in biology textbooks for the intermediate stage from the point of view of their teachers. To address the research's aim, the researchers have used the descriptive approach. Determining the research sample of that is (30) teachers in the general directorate for Al-Diwaniyah Education / Al-Diwaniyah city for the academic year (2016-2017), Thus tool of research was content (17) items consider principles of Brain-based learning, The results told us all the items obtained a high and medium degree of importance. The mathematical averages ranged from (1.96) , (2.66) as the highest mean, and thus see the researchers through this study to the biology textbooks of the intermediate stage, The designers of curriculum in recent years took into account the guidance and theories of modern education


Article
Fatma Ahmed Ibraheem and Her Role in the Parliament of Sudan (1965-2007)
فاطمة احمد ابراهيم ودورها في الحياة النيابية في السودان 1965-2007

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الخلاصة

Fatma Ahmed Ibraheem is one of the most prominent female figures in the contemporary history of Sudan and she is the first woman to be a member in the parliament. She was raised in a cultivated family. She was particularly interested in the woman's affairs so established the Sudanese Woman Union. After October revolution in 1964, a good space for woman was given by the constitution written to be enrolled in the parliament work. Fatima was a candidate of the union for the parliament and she won the membership in 1965.


Article
The Effect of Teaching the History of Modern and Contemporary Europe According to the Strategy of the Five Ya'at in the Acquisition of the Students in Fifth Preparatory Class
أثر تدريس مادة التأريخ الاوربي الحديث والمعاصر على وفق استراتيجية الياءات الخمسة في تحصيل طلاب الخامس الاعدادي

المؤلفون: Hiba Hameed Wadi هبه حميد وادي
الصفحات: 457-472
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الخلاصة

The current research is aimed to know the effect of teaching the history of the European modern and contemporary In the collection of study for students of the fifth literary, And to verify that the goal of the research and the zero researcher developed: There is no statistically significant difference When the level of significance (0.05), Between the average scores of the experimental group students Who are studying the history of modern and contemporary European according to the strategy (5E, s) and the average score of the control group students Who are studying the same material according to ordinary method (traditional) In achievement test. The researcher sample chosen Students from the fifth literary of Khalis Educational directorate among the schools in Khalis Center Of (3) preparatory schools Selected preparatory Al Rowad boys school to apply the experience and identified the sample (82) student By (41) student the experimental group studying according to the strategy (5E, s), and (41) student of the control group studying according to the traditional method, the two groups have been rewarded In variables (chronological age measured in Months, IQ test (Raven), the educational attainment of the parents, And test scores last year) After identified the scientific article which included the first three quarters of European history book of modern and contemporary scheduled to be taught to students in the fifth grade literary in order to measure the achievement of students in two groups of search which studied by the researcher herself, Tested at the end of the experiment Through achievement test Of multiple choice It consists of (20) items The four alternatives And used “Altaia” test for two independent samples in the data processing, The results resulted in Outweigh the experimental group students who have studied the history of the European modern and contemporary on according to the (5E, s), strategy The control group students who studied the same material in the usual the traditional method.


Article
The Motivations of Code-Switching of International Bilingual Students’ Conversations at the University Level
دوافع التغيير الشفري في محاورات الطلبة الذين يتحدثون لغتين عالميتين في المستوى الجامعي

المؤلفون: Mayyada Mahdi Ra’uf ميادة مهدي رؤوف
الصفحات: 473-484
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الخلاصة

One of the phenomena used by bilingual communities is “code-switching” (henceforth CS). CS is the use of two languages, varieties, or styles observed mostly in the speech of the second or foreign language speakers. Many studies concentrated on what is CS and how it is used by the speakers of the same nationality in schools, but none of them investigates why it is used among bilingual international students. Thus, the current study aims at tackling the various motivations and reasons behind using CS by international bilingual students inside and outside the lectures halls at Universisti Sains Malaysia. This is achieved via a structured interview and a questionnaire that was presented to 20 bilingual participants who are non-native speakers of English from different nationalities and countries. The data analysis shows that all of the students switch their native languages with the English language inside and outside the lectures hall for almost the same reasons among which the most common are the interjection to fill the sentence, the elaboration of a message, and emphasizing a point or idea etc. The study detected new six reasons for which the bilingual may use CS.


Article
What is Ascribed to Al-Kaleel's Dictionary Mujmal Al-Luga and is not Mentioned in the Book Al-Ain
ما نُسبَ إلى الخليل في معجم مجمل اللغة ولم يرد في كتاب العين

المؤلفون: Mohannad Nasir Hussein مهند ناصر حسين
الصفحات: 485-496
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الخلاصة

The research on the introduction and preface and then mentioned the words in which the speech attributed to Hebron in the form of words arranged according to the triple root and according to the alphabetical alphabet system, and then came the conclusion, which mentioned the most important findings of the research, which are the most important: 1-Ibn Fares has relied heavily on the book of Al Ain, so it is almost impossible to find a piece of the lexicon of the entire language except in the opinion of Khalil. Ibn Fares quoted texts from the Book of Al-Ain and its references to Hebron, and these texts exceed two hundred places. Has been neglected or not mentioned in the book of the eye. 2-Ibn Fares suspected that some of the texts in Hebron were not for him, because he read a lot of books and books to complete the book of the whole language.


Article
Freedom in Ahmed Lutfi Al-Sayid
الحرية عند أحمد لطفي السيد

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الخلاصة

Ahmad Lutfi al-Sayyid one of the first laid down the liberal rules in Egyptian politics, and the most important symbols of the movement and in the introduction to Egyptian thinkers and most attention to freedom issues in general, and freedom policy in particular, as addressed in the study, analysis and criticism because of what reached by the Egyptian society, both under Ottoman domination or occupation restricted the public opinion, political freedom and women's freedom. The Egyptian people knew that the tyrannical ruler was caused by the nation, disregarded its rights and handed over to the ruler. They never knew that the source of power was the people, To him, and that finding a parliament in which the people embodied the Constitution and the authorities. Freedom is the general rule for thinking Mr. Ahmad Lutfi and direction of the public and a touch of delay in Egyptian society, higher than that of developed societies, it had an impact in casting his interest in the deficiencies and repair work, leading me in all called him. He demanded freedom of the press and the impact of public opinion in the political arena, and that the state limited functions is to maintain security and justice and to defend the homeland against any aggression. He appealed so much to quote scientific methods and theories of European, applied to the Egyptian society, and stressed that his call does not mean that tradition because it is the most dangerous pests era. Rejected the idea of the Islamic University it was not because of the refusal to deny Egypt's Arabism or hostility to religion but believed in the importance of strengthening cultural ties between the Arab and Islamic countries, Acknowledging that religion and language contribute significantly to the Egyptian mind the structure of Egypt and the Egyptians.


Article
Text-Coherence in The letters of Imam Ali to Malik Al-AShtar:Co-ordination and Pronoun as a Sample
التّماسك النّصي في رسالة الإمام علي (عليه السّلام) لمالك الأشتر(العَطف والضّمير أنموذجًا)

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الخلاصة

The research deals with two important elements of text coherence، namely co-ordination and pronoun for their effective role in achieving text coherence as they are manipulated deliberately in discourse process as well as their suitability for the orders that were submitted by Imam Ali. The research consists of an introduction of the concept of text coherence and its importance of in linguistic studies. The other sections are about co-ordinations and pronoun.


Article
English key words: The duty of Quranic dialog، sura of Al-Imran as a model
فريضة الحوار القرآني سورة آل عمران أنموذجا

المؤلفون: Laith Abbas jasim ليث عباس جاسم
الصفحات: 527-546
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الخلاصة

The research takes into consideration the nature and attitude of the dialog between the Creator and the creatures’ i.e. such a dialog is based upon specific legal basics asserted by the holy Quran and the Prophetic Sunna. It is to add that the researcher has manipulated the issue of debate and argue according to the variety of hadiths، versions and sources of interpretation together with opinions of legists. Hence، the dialog concerns with its necessity، prestige، legislation and variety being mentioned within the texts of Quran


Article
Justifications of Judgments Argumentation in Ibn Jini's Book Al-Kasa'is
دواعي ترافع الاحكام عند ابن جني في كتابه الخصائص

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الخلاصة

Arabic is a derivative language in which the word becomes an internal transformation from one language to another, to denote individuals, decency, pluralism, recollection, femininity, descent, etc. This shift is often based on linguistic judgments, and one rule that has the merit of proving the validity of this transformation may be sufficient. The nature of the transformation sometimes requires that two judgments be fought in the structure of the word so that the argument of one of them is not valid. They are together, and therefore they come together. The pleading of the sentences in the structure of the word was not arbitrary, but for reasons of necessity, such as punishment between letters and movements and their similar relationship to others.


Article
The sounding and division of Imam al-Razi in his interpretation
السبر والتقسيم عند الإمام الرازي في تفسيره

المؤلفون: Ammar Abbas Ismail عمار عباس إسماعيل
الصفحات: 556-570
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الخلاصة

Al-Razi was one of the most prominent interpreters. He employed a number of tools in his interpretation (sounding and splitting). He was inclined to summarize the ideas at times, to prove the facts at other times, or to refute the arguments of the opponents three times. The desire to shed light on this aspect in this research was identified (the soundness and division of Imam Razi in his interpretation), in which he showed the areas in which Al-Razi used soundness and division, and how he was conducting the dialogue to extract the final results. It is obvious that the research should include selected models. The limited size of the research does not take into account all the evidence. The main purpose is to prove the employment of Al-Razi on the one hand and his method of employing them, especially that Al-Razi is one of those involved in this field, He established broad rules in his interpretation and became a reference for those who followed him from the interpreters.


Article
PERCEIVED TEACHING SELF-EFFICACY FOR TRAINING-TEACHERS IN BIOLOGICAL DEPARTMENTS AND ITS RELATIONSHIP WITH THEIR ACHIEVEMENT
كفاية التدريس الذاتية المُدرَكة للمدرسين المتدربين في أقسام علوم الحياة وعلاقتها بتحصيلهم الأكاديمي

المؤلفون: Ali Raheem Mohammed علي رحيم محمد
الصفحات: 571-583
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الخلاصة

The present study aims to recognize perceived self-efficacy teaching for Training – teachers at Departments of Biology in Colleges of Education, and its relation to their achievements. The sample of the study included (370) Training–teachers at Departments of Biology in Colleges of Education for Pure Sciences in Al-Qadisiyah, Thi-Qaar, Basrah and Karbalaa Universities. The researcher designed the instrument of the research that represented the scale of perceived self-efficacy teaching that finally comprised (42) articles after testing it with the qualities of invariability and validity. This study showed the existence of perceived self-efficacy teaching for Training – teachers at Departments of Biology. Also, there is a difference in the statistical significance in perceived self-efficacy teaching belonging to the social type and in favor of males, furthermore there is a positive relation of statistical significance between perceived self-efficacy teaching and achievements in the training-teachers. This study presented a number of suggestions and recommendations.


Article
Foreign Policy of Toun Abdel Razzaq 1970-1976
السياسة الخارجية لتون عبدالرزاق رئيس وزراء ماليزيا (1970-1976)

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الخلاصة

Malaysia's foreign policy during the reign of Ton Abdul Razzaq Hussain (1970/1976) was not as empty as the result of Malaysia's outstanding leadership effort; the common interests of Malaysia, regional and international states, and neighboring countries were an opportunity for Abdul Razzaq to go to those countries; To promote long-term industrial leapfrogging; and to strengthen cooperation between Malaysia, Arab countries, Malaysia and Southeast Asian countries (ASEAN) and Western countries to support development and further economic growth at good levels.


Article
Al-Madina in the Poetry of Mizyad Al-Hilli A Critical Study
المدينة في شعر مَزْيَد الحِلِّي دراسة نقدية

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الخلاصة

Arab poetry remains in general and in Iraq، especially an immortal travel of the books of the heritage of this glorious nation، as a result of the manifestations of the original Arab genius، and after I read the themes of the blessed symposium، which focused on the heritage of ancient ornaments I start to my imagination to study poet of Hilla forgotten most of the researchers The poetry and the introduction of the spectrum، and the excerpt of the journey and the late in some of his poems، inspired by the meanings of life at the time، referring to his adventures، and Madha Al The house of the Prophet (PBUH) in most of his poetry is very much mentioned in his method of jurisprudence or religious، which is characterized by Ismaili orientation، and is proud and proud of himself and his family and tribe; and a traitor in the arts of rhetoric such as grazing،، The poet Muzid al-Hali، one of the most prominent poets of the city of Hilla in the sixth century AH، which kept the virtual library in Damascus a copy of his manuscript، which was the number of papers (17) paper، and then achieved the Diwan by Dr. Tarim and printed and published by the House of Lights in Beirut In 1998 (9263) and the date of its registration on 9/12/1426 AH; for this reason، I chose a title for my research (the city in the poetry of the most precious jewelery).


Article
Constructing a Scale to Evaluate the Occupational Skills for the Teachers of Special Education
بناء مقياس لتقييم المهارات المهنية لدى معلمي التربية الخاصة

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الخلاصة

he objective of the current research is to build a scale to assess the professional skills of the teachers of special education. To achieve this goal, the researcher followed the steps of scientific research on the construction of psychological measures by defining the concept and drafting the paragraphs of the scale (40), as well as formulating instructions for the scale and how to correct it. The experiential experiment was used to determine the time taken to answer the scale and the spelling and linguistic errors. Thus, the cytometric properties were extracted from sincerity and consistency. The apparent truth of the scale was extracted by presenting it to a group of arbitrators and experts (15) The results of the test (Ka2) revealed the existence of three statistically significant non-descriptive paragraphs that were omitted from the scale


Article
Foreigners' Estate Ownership as a Legacy
تملك الاجانب للعقار بطريق الميراث

المؤلفون: Amir Ali Sahib عامر علي صاحب
الصفحات: 637-651
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الخلاصة

It is known that the ownership right is one of the most important rights included in all global laws and celestial legislations because it is directly related to both man and governments and itt affects the political, social and economic life


Article
Woman and Development: Challenge and Contribution
المرأة والتنمية: بين التحدي والمساهمة

المؤلفون: Dhahir Mohsen Hani ظاهر محسن هاني
الصفحات: 652-663
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الخلاصة

Since the end of the Second World War, the issue of women and development has taken an important place. Despite the fact that nearly half a century has passed since the concept of development has been put forward, there is still a great deal of ambiguity and ambiguities surrounding the concept of women and development....


Article
The effect of using the Marzano model on the collection and retention of history in the fifth grade students
أثر استعمال انموذج مارزانو في تحصيل مادة التاريخ والاحتفاظ به عند طلاب الصف الخامس الادبي

المؤلفون: Deyaa Mezeel ضياء مزعل
الصفحات: 664-683
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الخلاصة

In this study, the researcher attempted to experiment with the Marzano model to learn about its impact on the achievement of fifth grade students in history and to keep this collection. The study sample (76) students distributed in the first two experimental groups studied using the Marzano model and the other was studied in the traditional way. The researcher was rewarded between the students of the two groups in the variables (age, educational achievement of parents and degrees of history in the previous year).


Article
The Use of English Back-formation Process by Babylon University Learners: Errors Analysis
استخدام (النحت) من قبل طلبة جامعة بابل الدارسين للغة الانكليزية لغة أجنبية – تحليل الأخطاء

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الخلاصة

The present study is an attempt to identify the errors made by Iraqi EFL learners in the Department of English / College of Basic Education, University of Babylon in using back-formation. This study aims at :(1)Presenting a brief and relevant background of back-formation, (2) Identifying and classifying the errors made by the fourth year students in the English Department, College of Basic Education/ University of Babylon during the academic year (2015-2016), and (3) Locating the areas of difficulty that Iraqi EFL learners encountered in learning categories of back-formation.


Article
Eloquence of Qura'anic Structure in" Al-Bahr Al-Muheet " of Abu Hayyan Al- Andalusi
فصاحة التركيب القرآني عند أبي حيان الأندلسي في تفسيره البحر المحيط

المؤلفون: Sha'lan Abd Ali Sultan شعلان عبد علي سلطان
الصفحات: 697-714
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الخلاصة

The research deals with a topic which has a clear existence in" Al-Bahr Al-Muheet "of Abu Hayyan Al- Andalusi ,namely, the eloquence of structure.Abu Hayyan traces the Qura'anic structures with a profound study of the syntactic viewpoints. Hence, the study attempts to identify the concept of the eloquence of structure by identifying the structures that Abu Hayyan refuses for its complexity and repulsion.The research reached a conclusion that Abu Hayyan elicited conditions for eloquence of structure


Article
Speech Act of Warning in Imam Hussain's Speech
التحذير كفعل كلامي في خطاب الامام الحسين (ع)

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الخلاصة

This study tackles the speech act of warning as presented by Imam Hussain' speech during his journey to Karbala'. Warning is an utterance which captures the hearers' attention to some action which he has to take in relation to his action. So Al-Hussain's speech contains messages to people to reduce the risk of personal or total damage by using certain patterns of behaviour just like holding the Holly Quran on his head or discouraging or prohibiting certain pattern of behaviour as avoiding treachery and betraying the Prophet's relatives.


Article
The impact of using the differential education strategy in the achievement of students in the fifth grade in social studies and retention
أثر استعمال استراتيجية التعليم المتمايز في تحصيل تلاميذ الصف الخامس الابتدائي في مادة الاجتماعيات واستبقائها

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الخلاصة

The study aimed at identifying the impact of the differentiated education strategy on the achievement of social subjects among the fifth grade pupils. To verify the objective and hypothesis of the research, a sample of fifth grade pupils was selected at the Makassed Boys School of the Directorate General of Babylon Education The study sample (73) students and 36 students in the experimental group and 37 students in the control group. The researcher conducted an equivalence in the variables (age, calculated by months, intelligence, semesters).


Article
Spatial Analysis of the Academic Achievement of the Hashemite Region Population (1997)
التحليل المكاني للتحصيل العلمي لسكان قضاء الهاشمية لعام (1997)

المؤلفون: Samah Ibrahim Shamki سماح أبراهيم شمخي
الصفحات: 747-763
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الخلاصة

The study aim to shed light on the subject of educational achievement of the residents of Al Hashimia district، in an attempt to identify the positive and negative aspects in it، and put it in the hands of the officials for the purpose of benefiting from it to develop future plans The researcher is convinced of the importance of this subject and stressed that the high level of science of the population plays a key role in promoting comprehensive development which is of great importance at the current stage، which was the reason for choosing this topic for research and study


Article
The effect of using thinking skills in collecting physics students third grade average
أثر استعمال مهارات التفكير في تحصيل مادة الفيزياء لدى طالبات الصف الثالث المتوسط

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الخلاصة

The current research aims to identify the impact of integrating thinking skills within the knowledge content in the understanding of the physics students at the secondary third stage school. For the purpose of verifying the goal of research, the researcher formulated the following null hypothesis: There is no difference is statistically significant at the level (0.05) between the average scores of the experimental group students who studied according to the integration of thinking and the average score of the control group students who studied according to the usual way in the collection of physics skills.


Article
Russian Position on the War of American Independence 1775–1783
موقف روسيا من حرب الاستقلال الامريكية 1775-1783م

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الخلاصة

Russian Position on the War of American Independence 1775 – 1783. Russia Showed up as a United State After being able to beliberated Freedoom from the Mangol Empire، Control، at the end 16th Centry and the early Seventeenth Century، but thery are delayed in area، of Geographical Discovers in Comparison with its peare from other Europe countries became the Northwestern coast of the pacitic ocean Russian expansion if you can access to Alaska From Siberia Extending its influence to those areas it worked ondevloping sculp trade.


Article
Knowledge methodologies in interfaith dialogues (biography of Allah in dialogue with the Christian as a sample)
الأصول المعرفية لحوار الأديان (سيرة رسول الله "ص" في الحوار مع المسيح نموذجا)

المؤلفون: Jassim Hatto Fakher جاسم هاتو فاخر
الصفحات: 805-814
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الخلاصة

Religious sources and historical books are surrounded by many dialogues between the Messenger of Allah and the followers of the Christian religion, but few writers and investigators who are interested in the methods of knowledge and their origins in these dialogues, and the article present in your hands is interested in the analysis and analysis of the most important of these approaches and assets.


Article
The meaning of a command in Arabic Critical reading in the light of the purposes of deliberation
دلالةُ الأَمرِ في العربية قراءةٌ نقديَّةٌ في ضوءِ المقاصدِ التداوليَّةِ

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الخلاصة

This research is a critical reading of the meaning of the matter in Arabic; by criticizing some of the meanings of the matter mentioned by some of the linguists, interpreters, fundamentalists and grammarians; these indications of the lack of address, however, may be contrary to the speaker's intent; this paper addresses some criticism of these meanings in procedural criticism in the light of the deliberative purposes of It is characterized by deliberation of multiple tributaries and depth analysis to reach the purposes


Article
Bidayat alttaghallughul al'uwrubbi fi Tunis wfq almukhattatat alaistiemaria
بدايات التغلغل الاوربي في تونس وفق المخططات الاستعمارية

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الخلاصة

Title of the study ((the roots of European settlement in Tunisia(( The French government realized the importance of the site geo-strategic Tunisia on the Mediterranean Sea, since its occupation of Algeria in 1830, and began working to invest the deteriorating economic and political situation in Tunisia, so it was seeking to obtain concessions in Tunisia by French Consul adopted it, and then began to take false pretenses, represented by attacking the Tunisian tribes of French troops on the Algerian border for the purpose of security and to preserve its interests in Algeria, invested argument Tunisian tribes support the rebels Algeria and equipped an army of occupation of Tunisia, and imposed treaties Bardot in 1881, the Treaty on the marina in 1883


Article
Denotations of the Various Words Referring to the Orphan in the Holy Quran Phonetically and Inflectionally
دلالات ألفاظ اليتيم في القرآن الكريم صوتياً وصرفياً

المؤلفون: Batool Naji Hadi بتول ناجي هادي
الصفحات: 835-849
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الخلاصة

The research presented a study of the voice and morphology of one of the most important words of the Koran, which is the word "orphan", which came in twenty-three places and pictures of various forms appropriate to the place where it was received. The character traits of these words and their morphological expressions expressed the tenderness, softness, calm and passion imposed by Islamic legislation When we deal with the orphan, this is through giving him the qualities of the slack, whispering and falling, and the nominal formula that indicates the permanence and permanence of the meaning of the orphan and his attachment to the orphan, because the loss of the father can not be compensated in any way.


Article
Nature Description in the Abbasid Poetry – Lawhat Kashajum as a Sample
وصف الطبيعة في الشعر العباسي لوحات كشاجم نموذجاً

المؤلفون: Zainab Abdul Kareem Hamza زينب عبد الكريم حمزة
الصفحات: 850-872
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الخلاصة

The poetry of nature is the poetry that represents nature or some of what it included, and the environment of Shamia and Egypt at that time fertile ground and abundant news gave us a grudge of hair descriptive nature, which fascinated by the poets, and take the poet meditating, and transmitted by his pain, and forget his sorrows, and love, , As she herself complied with.


Article
Public attitudes towards satellite coverage of current events -A Survey Of The Audience Baghdad City –
اتجاهات الجمهور نحو تغطية القنوات الفضائية للأحداث الجارية دراسة مسحية على جمهور مدينة بغداد

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الخلاصة

The aim of the study was to identify the trends towards covering the Iraqi satellite channels for current events in the city of Baghdad and to reveal how they are exposed to it and its favorite channels and the most important current events which it is keen to follow up. To achieve the objectives of the research. A questionnaire consisting of three parts: personal data. habits. viewing reasons and the public's attitudes towards satellite coverage of current events


Article
Abdullah bin Muslim Alqunbi (221 AH/ 836 AD) A study in his biography and methodology in the Hadith:
القعنبي (ت: 221هـ/ 836م) - دراسة في سيرته ومنهجه في رواية الحديث

المؤلفون: Hamdia Salh Aljubury حمدية صالح الجبوري
الصفحات: 894-917
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الخلاصة

this subject study intellectual side of the religious and scientific figures that it is Abdullah bin Muslim Alqunbi (221A.H-836A.G) one of the Maliki men, and even the most prominent in spite of his affiliation in the early period of his life, But the latest move clear in his life is to advise indirect him by Ben pilgrims Division, leading to turn it into a science of intellectual media in the second century and the beginnings of the third century AH, not only it's on it stops, and even he narrated book Muwatta of Imam Malik equally (179A.H), and that reaching this position and include it scientifically until he reached the reached by intellectual achievement is wonderful, And perhaps what is left of our intellectual history is replete with narratives of jurisprudence and chatter, quoting Imam Malik and other scholars and narrators reflected all the scientific prestige which claimed the praises by many scientists, intellectuals and historians over the times


Article
The Range of Delay Option A Legal Study Compared with Islamic Jurisprudence
نطاق خيار التأخير (دراسة قانونية مقارنة بالفقه الاسلامي)

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الخلاصة

The idea of the delay to performance of the obligation is an important and influential issue in commercial transactions, since the latter requires to perform speedily and flexibly in order for fulfill the efficiency in conclusion of commercial contracts. Promisor sometimes, however, fail to perform his due obligation in time, but doing so later, caused hereby a damage to the promisee. Accordingly, the delay option presented for provides an adequate protection to the promisee, by giving him the option between asks for specific performance or for contract to be terminated. Muslim Imami scholars, as we saw, were so interested with this option, especially, when they dealing with sale contract.

الكلمات الدلالية

field --- option --- delay --- الخيار، التأخير، النطاق


Article
The strategies of poetic discourse reading in Hamziyah Ibn al-Roumi
استراتيجيات الخطاب الشعري - قراءة في همزية ابن الرومي

المؤلفون: Ameera Mahmood Abdullah اميرة محمود عبد الله
الصفحات: 942-956
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الخلاصة

The idea of studying Ibn al-Roumi's poem (Hamziyyah)، which abhors his friend Aba Al-Qasim Al-Tozi، is intended to stand on the basis of modern trends in the study of literary texts and the use of some modern concepts and tools that belong to various fields of knowledge. The most important strategies used by the poet in the construction of his poem. It was necessary to prepare a theoretical approach to the concepts of discourse and strategy، and from the outset begins the search for the detection of strategies that included Hamzia Ibn Roumi.


Article
The relationship between wind erosion and decreasing agricultural land area in Babil Governorate
العلاقة بين التعرية الريحية وتناقص مساحة الاراضي الزراعية في محافظة بابل

المؤلفون: افراح ابراهيم شمخي Afrah Ibrahim Shamki
الصفحات: 957-975
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الخلاصة

Wind erosion occurs in dry, dry desert regions, where the wind processes the dislodged dry soil granules and then deposits them in other places. One of the most important factors leading to dryness and disintegration of the soil and therefore exposure to wind erosion is high temperatures, resulting in high evaporation / transpiration, low vegetation and scarcity of water resources. As well as the abuse of human ecosystems, which leads to serious effects on those systems, and the importance of the subject was the study entitled (the relationship between erosion and the decline of agricultural land area in the province of Babylon) for the purpose of identifying the relationship between them, it was clear through the study that The study area is characterized by climatic conditions (high temperatures, evaporation values, low rainfall and low vegetation), making the soil particularly vulnerable to wind erosion during the summer. The study showed that the amount of wind pressure on the soil increased during the summer until it reached the maximum speed Of wind (June, July and August), reaching 17,64 18,36 (16.56) km / h respectively, making the highest amount of wind pressure on the soil during these same months (1,867 2,022 km 1, The maximum area of the soil was 10882105,438 and the highest soil erosion value in May was 10432499.2 for the actual decrease in the value of the rain. (0.161) Ang. The highest value of climatic viability was recorded in June (429,418, 484,176, 355,276) and the lowest in February (November) 1,059,212), respectively.


Article
Geographical Analysis Of Visual Pollution Appearance And Its Environment Effects In Almusayyib City
تحليل جغرافي لمظاهر التلوث البصري في مركز قضاء المسيب وتأثيراته البيئية

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الخلاصة

The study was a geographical analysis of visual pollution in the center of the Musayyib district in the framework of analysis of its manifestations and variations and the extent of its impact on the general scene of the judiciary and in order to achieve the objectives of the study in the scientific form has been relied on the field side through (questionnaire and viewing as well as documenting images) The number of the distributed form (200) for the 25 districts of the center.


Article
One Individual Company with Limited Responsibility A Comparative Study Among the French, Egyptian and Iraqi Legislations
شركة الشخص الواحد محدودة المسؤولية (دراسة مقارنة بين التشريع الفرنسي والمصري والعراقي)

المؤلفون: Iklas Hameed Hamza اخلاص حميد حمزة
الصفحات: 997-1007
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الخلاصة

The company of a single person shall consist of one partner, and the company shall have a financial liability independent of the financial liability of the owner of the company. Such company may be established directly or indirectly, so the one person company is an exception to the original which requires at least two partners for any company. The company is a financial entity independent of the company's founder.


Article
Effect of the strategies of the up and down processes in the achievement of students in the fourth grade scientific literature and texts
أثر استراتيجيتي العمليات الصاعدة والهابطة في تحصيل طالبات الصف الرابع العلمي في مادة الأدب والنصوص

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الخلاصة

The present research aims to identify the impact of the strategies of upward and downward processes in the achievement of fourth grade students in literature and texts. To achieve the goal of the research, the researcher formulated a zero hypothesis and three hypotheses that are appropriate for the research and chose a experimental design with partial control. After determining the scientific material and formulating the behavioral goals and preparing the daily teaching plans, the researcher prepared a test in the literature and texts consisting of (40) paragraphs of the type of multi-test, the researcher confirmed his sincerity and persistence, and at the end of the application of the experiment, which lasted two The researcher used the analysis of the mono-variance in the processing of statistical data. The results showed that there were statistically significant differences between the average scores of the students of the three research groups in the achievement test of literature and texts, Moreover, the students of the first experimental group studying literature and texts (in the strategy of emerging operations) showed that the students of the control group who study literature and texts (in the usual way) The second experimental group studied literature and texts (the strategy of downstream operations) on students of the control group who studied the literature and texts (in the usual way) in the achievement test. Also, there were no statistically significant differences at (0.05) (The strategy of rising operations) and the average score of students of the second experimental group who study literature and texts (strategy of downstream operations) in the achievement test.


Article
The Effect of Meaning Restriction When the Adjective and the Noun are Separated in the Chapter of (Amma) of the Holy Quran
أثر الوقف على المعنى في حالة الفصل بين النعت ومنعوته في جزء (عمَّ)

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الخلاصة

Contemporary Linguistic studies tend to be regarded as the language of the text is coherent language units are generated from all the elements، leading to the full moral picture emerged from the unit، this linguistic unity reflected the mediation of various means of support relationship، and associated dietary supplements، and the aftershocks of the qualifier constants were addressed this research as one of the dietary supplements of the relationship of attribution as required on to be communicated from the enclosure to the qualifier to the bracket and ascribed to it for the purpose intended.


Article
Effect Of Strategy Of Flippd Classsrom For Achievement Average First Class Students Of Chemistry And Retention of information to have
أثر استراتيجية الصف المقلوب في تحصيل طالبات الصف الاول المتوسط في مادة الكيمياء واستبقاء المعلومات لديهن

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الخلاصة

This research paper aims to identify to the effect of flippd classroom on first class girl students' marks of chemistry retaining the information first class girl students of chemistry For identification of this the aim of this research paper, To check the validity of the two hypotheses, the researcher has set an experiment lasted full course and according to the following procedures: An experimental design (partial seizure) for two valent groups one of them experimental and the other is control for distance test in chemistry. This paper is limited to first class girl students in one of schools in Karbala. For processing data statistically, the following statistical means used:


Article
The Effect of Stepans' Model in the Acquisition and Reservation of the Geographical Concepts for the First Intermediate Students
اثر أنموذج ستيبانز في اكتساب المفاهيم الجغرافية والاحتفاظ بها لدى طلاب الصف الاول المتوسط

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الخلاصة

The research aims at studying (The Effect of Stepans' Model in the Acquisition and Reservation of the Geographical Concepts for the First Intermediate Students). The researcher has chosen an experimental design with a partial control. He has also chosen randomly Al-Tubrisi High School for boys subordinated to the General Governorate for Education in Babylon. The sample consists of (68) students: (34) students for each of the two groups the experimental and the control.


Article
The Effect of Using the Unorganized Stimulation in the Acquisition of Biology for Female Students of the Fifth Scientific Branch
أثر استخدام أسلوب الاثارة غير المنتظمة في تحصيل طالبات الصف الخامس العلمي في مادة الاحياء

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الخلاصة

The research aims at studying (The Effect of Using the Unorganized Stimulation in the Acquisition of Biology for Female Students of the Fifth Scientific Branch). The researcher has randomly chosen Al-Thawra Preparatory School for Girls which is located in the center of Hilla subordinated to the Governorate of Babylon. Section (B) is chosen to represent the experimental group which involves (37) female students and section (A) to represent the control group which involves (36) female students. An equivalence between the two group has been made concerning the variables (age counted to months, academic qualification of the parents, marks of the term end in biology, and a test of the previous information in biology).


Article
The Effect of (CASE) Model in the Acquisition and Reservation of the Geographical Concepts for the Students of the Fifth Literary Branch
أثر انموذج (CASE) في اكتساب المفاهيم الجغرافية والاحتفاظ بها لدى طلاب الصف الخامس الادبي

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الخلاصة

The research aims at studying (The Effect of (CASE) Model in the Acquisition and Reservation of the Geographical Concepts for the Students of the Fifth Literary Branch). To achieve this, the researcher has formed the following two hypotheses: there is no difference with a statistical indication at the level (0.05) between the marks averages of the acquisition of the geographical concept for the students of the experimental group who study according to the CASE sample and the marks averages of the acquisition of the geographical concept for the students of the control group who study according to the traditional method. There is no difference with a statistical indication at the level (0.05) between the marks averages of the reservation of the geographical concept for the students of the experimental group who study according to the CASE sample and the marks averages of the reservation of the geographical concept for the students of the control group who study according to the traditional method.


Article
The Effect of Using Mixed Learning in the Acquisition of the Second Intermediate Female Students and Their Motivation Towards Biology
أثر استخدام التعليم المزيج في تحصيل طالبات الصف الثاني المتوسط ودافعيتهن نحو مادة علم الاحياء

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الخلاصة

The research aims at studying (The Effect of Using Mixed Learning in the Acquisition of the Second Intermediate Female Students and Their Motivation Towards Biology). To achieve the aims, the researcher has chosen the experimental design with a partial control. Al-Basrah Intermediate School for Girls in the center of Al-Hilla has randomly been chosen to represent the sample.


Article
Effect of similarities in the acquisition strategy of geographical concepts and keep them at the second grade students average
اثر استراتيجية المتشا;بهات في اكتساب المفاهيم الجغرافية والاحتفاظ بها لدى طالبات الصف الثاني المتوسط

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الخلاصة

The current research aims to identify the impact of the similarities in the acquisition strategy of geographical concepts and retention of the female students in the second grade average. To achieve the goal of the research, the researchers coined two assumptions Cefreeten Mlaimtin to search and chose determined experimentally a partial restraint, researchers rewarded between the two sets of research in a number of variables, and after determining the scientific material and formulation of behavioral objectives and prepare daily lesson plans, the researchers prepared a test to gain geographical concepts and keep them be (60) paragraph of the type of test multiple, researchers confirmed sincerity and persistence, and at the end of the application paragraph, which lasted an entire semester, the researchers applied a test to gain geographical concepts and then sawed the test on the two sets of research for measuring the retention of geographical concepts in the minds of the students, and to learn significance of differences between mean scores of two groups of researchers used a search Altaia test for two independent samples in the statistical data processing, and the results showed the superiority of the experimental group the variables in the acquisition and retention.


Article
The Effect of the Sevenfold Learning Course in the Acquisition of the Chemical Concepts for the Female Students of the Fifth Scientific Branch and in Improving Their Tendency Towards the Lesson
أثر دورة التعلم السباعية في اكتساب المفاهيم الكيميائية لدى طالبات الصف الخامس العلمي وتنمية ميولهن نحو المادة

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الخلاصة

The goal of current research is to identify the impact of the seventh learning cycle in: 1- acquire chemical concepts to the students of the scientific fifth grade in chemistry. 2- Development tendency among scientific fifth grade students about chemistry. The experimental design with partial precision was chosen for two equal groups one of them is experimental and the other is control. The sample of research was chosen from (Al-Farook secondary school for girls) randomly (by lot way) from the research community, which is represented by the diurnal governmental preparatory and secondary schools in the city center of Holly Karbala government. The students of scientific fifth grade of school year (2015-2016) were 104 students distributed into three groups are (A, B, C). Group B was chosen randomly to be experimental group and same way C was control group, where the No. of research samples was 69 students and the actual number was 34 students for experimental group who were studied according to seventh learning cycle and 35 student were the control group who was studied according to the usual way without exclusion any student statistically from the two groups, since there is no failed student and the total number of the two groups was 69 students. The researcher equalized statistically between the two groups included the following parameters (age counted in months, previous tendency test, students marks in chemistry in first course, the summation of all examined materials in first course and the education gaining of parents.


Article
The Effect of Memory Aids in the Acquisition and Reservation of Arabic Grammar for the Female Pupils of the Fifth Primary Class
أثر معينات الذاكرة في تحصيل قواعد اللغة العربية وإستبقائها لدى تلميذات الصف الخامس الابتدائي

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الخلاصة

The research aims at studying (The Effect of Memory Aids in the Acquisition and Reservation of Arabic Grammar for the Female Pupils of the Fifth Primary Class). The researchers have made an equivalence between the two group concerning the variables (age counted to months, academic qualification of the parents, marks of Arabic in the first term). The researchers have used the experimental design with a partial control for the two experimental and control groups.


Article
The Effect of the (P.D.E.OD.E) Strategy in the Acquisition and Improvement of the Creative Thinking in Arabic Grammar for the Female Students of Fourth Literary Branch
أثر إستراتيجية الأبعاد الستة (P.D.E.OD.E) في التحصيل وتنمية التفكير الإبداعي في قواعد اللغة العربية لدى طالبات الصف الرابع العلمي

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الخلاصة

The current research aims to find out (the effect of the six-dimensional strategy ((P.D. E.O.D.E in achievement and the development of creative thinking in Arabic grammar the students fourth grade science). To achieve my goal Find the researchers adopted a determined experimentally a part-tuning to two independent groups، the rate of (35) students the experimental group and 35 students for the control group، and chose the researchers randomly Division (c) to represent the experimental group، and the Division (b) to represent the control group، was prepared by researchers straw achievement test and a test of creative thinking، the results showed the superiority of the experimental group to the control group.


Article
Self-Awareness for the Distinct Students and Their Ordinary Counterparts in the Preparatory Stage
الوعي الذاتي لدى الطلبة المتميزين واقرانهم العاديين في المرحلة الاعدادية

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الخلاصة

Awareness of the self and the others requires an attention from the various human societies because this awareness leads to a socially acceptable behaviour of the individual. The number of schools on which the tool of the research has applied is (23) schools. The sample consists of (358) male and female students; (179) distinct students and a similar number of ordinary students. The results have shown a high self-awareness for the secondary school students (distinct and ordinary).


Article
The Effect of Communicative Approach on the Development of the Skills of Speaking and Listening in Arabic Language Grammar with the Fifth Year Primary School Female Pupils
أثر المدخل الاتّصاليّ في تنمية مهارتي التحدث والاستماع في مادة قواعد اللغة العربية عند تلميذات الصف الخامس

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الخلاصة

This research aims at identifying the effect of communicative approach on: Development of speaking and listening skills of the primary fifth year female students in the Arabic Language Grammar, The researcher equalized statistically between the two groups in the following variables:(age measured in months, their parents’ educational attainment, their former academic achievement in the Arabic Language, talking scale, listening test), The researcher used the following statistical methods: (Chi-square (X2), T-test for two independent samples, and Pearson correlation coefficient, and the equation of the coefficient of difficulty and distinction and the effectiveness of the equation of wrong alternatives), After analyzing the results statistically, the researcher concluded the following: There is a statistically significant difference at the level (0.05) between the mean of the scores of the female pupils of the experimental group and the mean of the scores of the female pupils of the control group in the talking scale and the listening test in favor of the experimental group. In the light of these results, the researcher recommended the following: Training Arabic Language teachers at the basic stage to use the communicative approach in teaching Arabic Language.

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