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مجلة المثنى للعلوم الزراعية

ISSN: 40862226
الجامعة: جامعة المثنى
الكلية: العلوم
اللغة:

This journal is Open Access

حول المجلة

مجلة علمية تم ابتكارها وذلك لنشر البحوث العلمية الخاصة بالكلية

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جدول المحتويات السنة: 2015 المجلد: 3 العدد: 1

Article
انتاج الدكستران من عزلة محلية (Leuconostoc mesenteroides) واستخدامه في بعض التطبيقات الغذائية

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الخلاصة

المستخلص عزلت بكتريا Leuconostoc mesenteroides المنتجة للدكستران الخارجي من مخلل اللهانة Sauerkraut وذلك بزرعها على وسط الصلبMRS الصلب الحاوي على 10 %سكروز فظهرت مستعمرات بيضاء لزجة وتم تشخيصها وفق المفاتيح التصنيفية المعتمدة ، اذ ظهرت بشكل بكتريا موجبة لصبغة كرام ، ذات نهايات مستديرة بشكل ازواج وغير مكونة للابواغ ، وعند تنميتها في وسط Nutrient broth الحاوي على 10%سكروز ظهر نمو كثيف واصبح الوسط لزجا بعد 18-20ساعة.اجريت عدد من الاختبارات الزرعية والكيموحيوية لتشخيص البكتريا اذ خمرت العزلة جميع السكريات ويعد تخمير سكر الارابينوز (arabinose ) واختبار اختزال اللتموس يصنفها إلى Leuconostoc mesenteroides subsp.mesenteroides .

الكلمات الدلالية

Key words: dextran --- Dextransucrase --- Leuconostoc mesenteroides


Article
تاثير تملح التربة والمغنطة على بعض الخواص الكيميائية للتربة المتاثرة بالملوحة

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الخلاصة

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
التركيب الدقيق لخصى وبربخ ذكر القط المحلي البالغ في جنوب العراق

المؤلفون: إيهاب رزاق محسن السماوي
الصفحات: 1-15
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الخلاصة

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
أستجابة تراكيب وراثية من الباقلاء Vicia faba L. لأربعة مواعيد زراعية

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الخلاصة

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Article
استخدام ديدان TUBIFICDAE (ديدان حلقية – قليلة الاهلاب) في تقييم التلوث العضوي لمياه نهر الفرات في مدينة السماوة -العراق.

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الخلاصة

Abstract Organic pollution was assessed using worms Tubificidae (Annelida - Oligochaeta) as bioindicators of organic pollution in the Euphrates River in the city of Al-Samawa, samples were collected monthly, during the period from November 2012 to October 2013. From three selected stations along the river, In addition to some ecological factors (temperature, pH, and the ratio of organic matter of the bottom of the river), which amounted to (13-32) 0C, (7.4-7.8), (12% -22.1%) respectively. Revealed as a result of Bio indicators of organic pollution in this study that the station S2 more polluted than the two stations S1 and S3. In the station S2 percentage of worms Tubificidae without hair seta in the total number of benthic invertebrates (14.67 %) and the highest value recorded for the pollution index (D) , was ( 0.81 ) . other indicators of organic pollution (IO and E0 and IOBS) were recorded (2.8, F9, 2.2) , respectively, in the station S2. Finally, according to pollution bio indicators the river may be regarded as (Moderate organic pollution).


Article
Effect of Nitrogen and Phosphorus Fertilization on vegetative growth of Jatropha curcas
تاثير التسميد النتروجيني والفوسفاتي والتداخل بينهما في النمو الخضري لشجيرة الجاتروفا Jatropha curcas L.

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الخلاصة

Abstract This study was conducted in AL- Hamza province during the sap rang season 2013.to impaet as the effect of nitrogen fertilization (200, 100 ,0 ) kg P2o5 h-1 , Phosphate fertilization (400 ,200 ,0 ) kgh-1 p2o5 on vegetative growth of gatropha plant Randomized Complete Blok Design (R C B D) with three replication each experimental unite contain one .data were analyzed and the mean was compared according to the least Significant D.fferences (LS.D) at the level 0.05. Results can be summarized as follows. 1- Nitrogen fertilizer caused as significant increased in plant high , number of branch, stem diameter, (79.11 cm, ,5.93 branch,1.44 cm respectively . 2- The treatment of phosphate fertilizer( 200 kg p2o5.h-1 caased a Significant increased plant high , branchs number .( 78.94 cm2 ,5.92 branch ) respectively .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Effect of same amino acids and coconut liquid on vegetative growth , flowering , and vdofileoil of geranium
تأثير بعض الاحماض الامينية وسائل جوز الهند في النمو الخضري والزهري والنسبة المئوية للزيت لنبات الجيرانيوم Pelargonium hortorum

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الخلاصة

Abatract : A stady was conducted at that house that belong to the college of agriculture ,university of Basra during the growing season of 2013-2014 to find the effect of amino acids ( glutamine and arginine ) by spraying them of leaves at three concentrations ( 0, 25, 50 ) mg/L . coconut liquid also sprayed by three concentration ( 0 , 2.5 , 5 ) % on pelargonium hortorum . Randowized complete block design by factorial experiment were used in three replications and means were comparedby L S D at 5% level .Results showeda significant effect of amino acids especially glutamine at 50 mg/L caused increase of friesh weight of inflorences per plant . Glutumine and arginine at 50 mg/L increased . chlorophyll ,carbohydrate , percentage of volatile oil , but no significant effect on nitrogen level . Spraying of coconut liquid had asignificat effect at 5% concentration on plant height , leaf erea , dry weight of roots coconut liquid had no effect on flowering except for early flowering at 5 % which were 151.53 days also , coconut liquid had no effect on chemical characterestics of leaves .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Effect of fermented diet by Iraqi probiotics on some productive performance of broiler
تاثير التغذية على العلف المخمر بالمعزز الحيوي العراقي في بعض الصفات الانتاجية لفروج اللحم

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الخلاصة

Abstract The target of this study is to show the effect of using fermented diet by the Iraqi probiotic on some characteristics of performance of broiler. It is including six treatments by rearing 360 chicks of Ross Broiler 308 in cages that each one consist of four floors and each floor has a cage with dimensions of 1.5 × 1 m2 and the chicks randomly divided to groups each group contain 60 chicks for each treatment that contain three replicates in each treatment (20 chicks for each replicate), the work have been done in the poultry farm of the College of Agriculture in Al Muthanna University from 1st -November-2013 till 6th -December-2013 an as followed : 1-First treatment : Negative control (%100 dried diet). 2-Second treatment : positive control (diets diluted by water at level of one liter water to one kilogram diet). 3-Third treatment (%25 fermented diets by Iraqi probiotic and %75 dried diet). 4-Fourth treatment : (%50 fermented diets supplied from Iraqi probiotic and %50 dried diet). 5-Fifth treatment (%75 fermented diet by Iraqi probiotic and %25 dried diet). 6-sixth treatment (%100 fermented diet by Iraqi pro biotic). Results showed the following: High significant increase (P<0.01) appeared in some production characteristics including weekly average of body weight, final weight, weight gain, feed consumption, and production index, and better significant differences (P<0.05) in feed conversion ratio and significant (P<0.05) reduction in mortality percentage for fermented diet 100% with probiotic compaired with other treatments.

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Article
The Effect of Diet Fermentation by Iraqi probiotic on Logarithmic number of bacteria and yeast in laboratory
تاثير تخمر العلف بنسب مختلفة من المعزز الحيوي العراقي والماء وفترات حضن مختلفة في اعداد الاحياء المجهرية

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الخلاصة

Abstract Iraqi probiotic was used in this study at different concentrations of 2.5, 5.0, 7.5 and 10 gram per kilogram diet then diluted by water at level of 0.5, 1.0 and 1.5 liter for each kilogram of diet then incubated under 37 ºC. Results supplementation Iraqi probiotic causes significant increase (p>0.05) in total count of Lactobacillus bacteria, Bacillus Subtillus bacteria, Bifidobacteriaum and sachromyces servisae. The data indicated that the best results that been collected in numbers of bacteria and yeast. When comparing between concentrations of Iraqi probiotic (2.5, 5.0, 7.5 and 10) gram for each one kilogram diet that diluted at level of (0.5, 1.0 and 1.5) liter of water each one kilogram diet fermented by incubation on 37 degree centigrade with time (24, 48 and 72) hours with using the Iraqi probiotic at concentrations of 10 gram for each kilogram of diet and diluted by water at level of one liter for each one kilogram of diet and fermented for 48 hours when compared with other concentrations of Iraqi probiotic and diluted by water with fermented time (24) hours but there was not any difference between two fermented time (48 and 72) hours.

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Article
تاثير المستخلصات المائية لاوراق بعض النباتات في هلاك حشرتي الخابرا Trogoderma granareum Everts (Dermestidae: Coleoptera) وخنفساء الطحين الصدئية الحمراء Tribolium castaneum Herbst (Teneberiondae: Coleoptera).

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الخلاصة


Article
Study of effect adding different levels of biomass and filtrate for Pythium aphanidermatum on some growth indicates to broiler
دراسة تاثير اضافة مستويات مختلفة من راشح والكتلة الحيوية للفطر Pythium aphanidermatum في بعض الصفات الانتاجية لفروج اللحم

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الخلاصة

Abstract The experiment has been conducted to study the effect of addition the biomass and filtrate of the P. aphanidermatum fungus to feed and drinking water on some productive traits for Ross 308 broiler chicks at Agricultural Researches and Experiments station of Agriculture college-Al-Muthanna university. In this experiments use 420 broiler chicks one day old, were randomly allocated into seven treatment groups, 60 chicks for each treatment group were sub-divided into three replicates (twenty chicks/replicate). The seven treatment groups were as follow : add biomass of P. aphanidermatum in three proportion 5 , 10 and 15 gm/kg chicks fed and add same fungus filtrate in three proportion 15 , 20 and 30 ml/L drinking water as well as Control treatment. The effect of addition at different levels of the biomass and filtrate of the P. aphanidermatum fungus to feed and drinking water at the rate of weekly body weight (g) of broiler was no significant differences between treatments of the second week, the significant appear in third, fourth and fifth week. The fourth week, filtrate treatment 10 ml/L of drinking water showed a significant in the rate of consumption of the weekly feed, which reached to 814.24 g compared with 785.30 g in the control treatment. Filtrate treatment 10 ml/L in drinking water and biomass at 10 g / kg feed showed a significant difference in dressing percentage without giblets, reached to 66.93 and 65.75%, respectively, compared with control treatment was 64.15%. The same trend continued superiority of the two treatments in dressing percentage with giblets, amounting to 71.61% and 70.26 compared with 68.01% in control treatment .The percentage of the weight of the heart to the sacrifices of broiler chickens, were 0.48 and 0.43% at 10 ml/L filtrate and 10 g/kg feed biomass compared with 0.2% in control treatment, while the percentage of the weight of gizzard for the same sacrifices have increased at 5 and 10 g/kg feed as biomass and 10 and 20 ml/L of drinking water as fungal filtrate to 1.73 and 1.86 and 1. 90 and 1.74% respectively compared with 1.53% in control treatment. The relative weights of the liver meat chicken carcasses at the age (35) days did not differ significantly between the filtrate treatment, whereas gave significant differences compared with control treatment .


Article
تأثير مستخلص نبات الرغلAtriplex spp L. في بعض جوانب حياتية حشرة خنفساء الحبوب الشعرية (الخابرا) Trogoderma granarium (Everts) (Coleoptera :

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الخلاصة

Abstract The study was conducted to evaluate the effect of the extract of ( Atriplex halimus L. & Atriplex canescens L.) on the different stages of the larval cycle of Trogoderma granarium (Everts), also to examine various rates of the extract to protect wheat grains from being spoiled by the insect. Results of the study on the effect of the Atriplex halimus L. aqueous extract at 100% concentration achieved the best results and higher rate of mortality 4.67 however, 75% solution gave a rate of mortality 3.33, 50% gave 1.33 and 25% gave 0.67, in comparison to the control factor. Regarding the aqueous extract of the Atriplex canescens L. at 100% concentration , gave a perdition rate of 4.50 while the 75% solution gave 2.67, 50% gave 1.33 and 25% did a rate of 0.33, in comparison to the control treatment. The difference of the perdition rate of the larvae when using the 100% concentration aqueous solution of the Atriplex halimus L. was 4.67, while the Atriplex canescens L. at 100% concentration gave a rate of 4.50. The effect of the 45% concentration of aqueous solution of the A. halimus L. gave the best and highest results of protection of the grains from spoiled and were at a rate of 9.67% while the 30% solution gave 8.33%, 15% gave 6.33% and the 5% solution gave 3.33% , in comparison to the control factor. On the other hand the effect of the 45% concentration aqueous solution of the A. canescens L. gave the best results of 8.67%; the 30% concentration solution gave 7.33%, 15% gave 5.33% and the 5% gave 4.33%, in comparison to the control factor. In the conservation of the grains research the45% concentration aqueous solution of the A. halimus L. gave the best and highest results of conservation of the grains from corruption and were at a rate of 9.67% in comparison of the 8.67% rate achieved by the same concentration of the Atriplex canescens L.

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Article
Effect of topographic location in the Soil physical and chemical properties of the flood Muthanna governorate
تأثير الموقع الطوبوغرافي في الصفات الفيزيائية والكيميائية لترب الفيضات في بادية محافظة المثنى

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الخلاصة

Abstract: Selected seven Pedonts distributed in two Transects in Southwest of Iraq within three homologous regions tower and decide and off springs in the southern desert of Muthanna province to carry out this study, where obtained the samples to conduct the physical and chemical analysis of the results showed that the soil texture ranged from sandy to sandy Loamy in Pedonat first track and Texture to clay in Pedonts second track and Bulk density was low in the first track compared to the second path ranged from )0.68 – 2.10 ( Mg.m-3 and real density was low in the first track, while the second track was high, ranging between (2.12 - 2.55) As for porosity was high in the first track while it was low in soils second track . Results showed that the chemical properties of soil pH values ranged between (8 – 6.5) Which are classified as neutral for a second path to the basal light in the first path, while salinity values ranged between) 0.32 – 20 (ds.m-1 Where Agayam low in the second track, compared with the first track has been reached the values of the CEC between (6.5 – 15.4) Sm.kg-1 and which was low in both tracks and hit the lime content between (110 – 490) gm.kg-1 and gypsum content between) 0.10 – 63) gm.kg-1 While organic matter gave values ranging from ) 0.2 – 13.1) gm.kg-1 .

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Article
Dry matter accumulation and distribution during growth stages in different wheat cultivars as influenced by nitrogen levels
تراكم وتوزيع المادة الجافة خلال مراحل النمو لأصناف من الحنطة Triticum aestivum L. النامية تحت تأثير مستويات مختلفة من النتروجين

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الخلاصة

Abstract A field experiment was conducted at Al-Daire site (40 km) north of Basrah.The experiment was conducted to investigate the effects of different nitrogen fertilizer levels on dry matter accumulation on different plant parts , and their distribution in plants in three cultivars of wheat plants during winter season of 2011-2012 and their effects on yield of wheat during the growing seasons of (2011-2012) and (2012-2013). The experimental design was a split-plots in R.C.B. design with three replicates, where nitrogen rates (0, 60,120 and240Kg h-1 occupied the main plots,while Cultivars (IPA-99, Abu-Graib and Latifia) occupied the sub- plots. Samples of wheat plants were collected at 10 stages of the growing period: seedling growth, tillering (Main shoot and 1 tiller), tillering (Main shoot and 4 tillers), stem elongation, booting, 50% of spike visible, 50% flowering, milk stage, dough stage and maturity. Each plant sample was separated into different plant parts (blades, sheathes, stems, flag leaves, spikes and seeds),These parts were dried at 70°C.The dry weight of each part was recorded .Final grain yield was recorded Increasing nitrogen rates increased weight of different plant parts, but did not influence the relative proportion of each plant part for all cultivars. Rapid growth for all cultivars and nitrogen rates began after start tillering stage and continued till 50% flowering stage. Dry matter accumulation among cultivars did not differ at early growth period , however after growth stage 50% flowering plants dry weight of Cv.IPA-99 was higher than other cultivars.Different N rates did not affect dry matter produced during the early growth period ,then after dry weight of plants increased as N rates increased but increasing nitrogen rate from 120 to240KgNha-1did not incease dry matter product.

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Article
THE ESTIMATION OF THE EFFECT OF AGRICULTURAL AREA FUNCTION ON SESAME PRODUCTION IN IRAQ THROUGH THE PERIOD (1986 – 2010 )
تقدير دالة تأثيرالمساحه المزروعه على أنتاج السمسم في العراق للمدة ( 1986 – 2010 )

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الخلاصة

Abstract The objective of present study is to estimate the effect of agricultural area function on Sesame production in Iraq through the period (1986 – 2010 ) by using power function for one independent variable, choosing the double log model , it must be suitable for agricultural production economic theory according to the important hypothesis stated that there is a positive relationship between the agricultural area and Sesame production.The function passed the first , second statistical tests and Chow test . The economic derivatives of production function were estimated , they represent the marginal production and the average production functions , and production elasticities . The main conclusion was the first stage of production of the law of diminishing returns represented the Sesame production in Iraq . The productivity was low when it compared with the productivity of the wor1d countries ,for example Egypt . Thus , the important suggestion is to do our best on reaching to higher production level by using the intensive ,or the extensive agriculture, or both .

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Article
EFFECT OF SOIL SALINIZATION AND MAGNETIC WATER ON SOME OF SOIL CHEMICAL PROPERTIES
تاثير تملح التربة والمغنطة على بعض الخواص الكيميائية للتربة المتاثرة بالملوحة

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الخلاصة

Abstract Cured out experience in agriculture College of laboratories/ University ALmuthanna used soil (Silt Clay Loam) air dried, grinded and splitting to five parts (part is 1.5 kg soil) and take parts symbol like as: S1,S2, S3, S4 and S5, putted drainage water amount 0, 300, 600, 900 and 1200 ml to S1,S2, S3, S4 and S5 respectively, dried this part second times. Magnetic tools used to treatment the water (500, 1000 and 1500) Gauss and control, passed the water through this tools and take it the symbols: M1, M2, M3 and M4 respectively, Make suspension soil: water (1:2) to all soils and determined some chemical characters. The results showed non-significant effect to magnetic water in values of EC, pH, SAR, Na, K, Ca, mg, SO4, CaSO4 and Cl and introduction between soil salinity and magnetic water on this properties.

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Article
STUDY OF NUTRITIONAL VALUES OF SUAEDA VERMEICULATA AND ITS EFFECT ON IRAQI LAMBS PERFORMANCE
تأثير تغذية نبات الحميض في أداء الحملان العرابية

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الخلاصة

The present study was conducted at the Animal Farm , College of Agriculture, University of AL- Muthanna. The study utilized Suaeda vermeiculata plant fed ad.Lip and lasted 49 days from 17 ⁄ 9 ∕2012 to 5∕11 ⁄2012. 24 Arabi male lambs weighted an average 24 kg ∕ and age 4-5 months were randomly assigned to 4 experimental groups with 6 lambs per group The animals fed experimental plants supplemented with 0, 50, 100 or 150 g ∕ lamb ∕ day of barley grain respectively and were subdivided to a group of 2 lambs which were caged and fed the experimental diets. At the last week of experiment lambs were used and penned individually for the digestion trial to assess the digestion coefficients. The results revealed that chemical analysis of Suaeda vermeiculat aplant indicated low level of crude protein (4.71% ) and high levels of crude fiber, ADF, NDF and Ash. The result also showed a pronounced reductions in dry and organic matter digestibility and other feed components especially crude protein (19.32%).


Article
Study the Immunomodulatory Effect of Ethanolic Neem Seeds Extract on The Immunologic Response in Mice Vaccinated with Proteus vulgaris vaccine
دراسة تأثير المحورات المناعية للمستخلص الأيثانولي لبذور نبات النيم على الاستجابة المناعية للفئران الملقحة بلقاح بجرثومة Proteus vulgaris

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الخلاصة

Abstract Abstract This study was carried out to investigate the immunomodulatory effect of the Ethanolic neem seeds extract on the immune response of mice vaccinated with Proteus vulgaris antigens and considered as plant immunomodulators. The study included eight groups; the first group (I) was treated with distilled water. II group was mice treated with Proteus vulgaris antigens only (III): injected subcutaneously with a dose of (600 ug /Kg) ethanolic neem seed extract, IV group was injected subcutaneously with a dose of (400 ug /Kg) ethanolic neem seed extract only, The V, VI groups were treated with combination of p. vulgaris and ethanolic neem seed extract while (VII and VIII) groups were injected with the immunosuppressive drug prednisolone prior to the forthcoming treatment 5 days. All these treatments were carried out at day 1, and then the mice were sacrificed at day 8 to estimate phagocytic activity index by Eliza reader and on day I4 for estimation of lymphocyte transformation by MTT index by Eliza reader and for delayed-type hypersensitivity reaction test at 24 , 48 and 72 hours after proteus vulgaris antigens injection, at day 21 and 28 for (anti-proteus vulgaris antibody titer) by indirect immunoflourescent assay and for serum electrophoresis to estimate the serum fraction. In this regard, all groups of mice showed different significant increases(P≤ 0.01) in the NBT index which represent the phagocytic activity% as compared to group I (0%), which was injected with distilled water (negative control group). The best treatment efficiency was recorded in-group V (57%), while the lowest treatment efficiency was recorded in-group IV (5%). The results of lymphocyte transformation index in mice of all groups showed different significant increases by MTT assay which represent the lymphocyte transformation index as compared to group I (0%). The best treatment efficiency was recorded in-group V (264%), while the lowest treatment efficiency was recorded in-group VI (17%). The anti-Proteus antibodies assessed by indirect immunoflourescent test also showed a significant increase titer in immunomodulator-treated and -vaccinated mice in comparison with negative and positive group At21, 28 days, and the best treatment efficiency was recorded in-group V after 21 days with titer of 512

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Article
Using some statistical tests to determine predictive models for the production function of maize crop In Iraq for the period 1981 – 2020
استخدام بعض الاختبارات الاحصائية لتحديد النماذج التوقعية لدالة انتاج محصول الذرة الصفراء في العراق للمدة 1981 – 2020 3

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الخلاصة

Abstract: This research test stability, Test for structural or parameter stability for time series data , ( Chow test) , where the time-series data suffer from instability due to structural imbalances that are exposed through the time series data, testing has shown that the structural changes were not significant at the time series under study. It also touched on the testing the functional form of regression model (M,W,D Test ) , as it is possible to identify the correct figure function form which fits with the data obtained has been selected logarithmic linear form. Several models have been tested for anticipatory dunam yields of maize and choose what fits with our model proposed for the expected production until 2020. In light of the availability of data has been predicted output and the space to be cultivated to reach self-sufficiency up to 2020. Where he has already been to reach self-sufficiency in 1998, and the possibilities available at the time knowing that he was approximately the same productivity in the proposed research productivity dunam 545 kg / acre .

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Article
Influence of in ovo-injection the hatching eggs with some nutrients (Folic acid, pyridoxine, Threonine) on some production performance of broiler.
تأثير حقن بيض التفقيس ببعض المغذيات ( الحامض الاميني الثريونين , الفوليك اسيد , فيتامين البيرودكسين ) على بعض الصفات الإنتاجية لفروج اللحم

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الخلاصة

Summary The study was carried out at the poultry farm, Animal production Dept. Agriculture College. University of basrah to define the influence of in ovo-injection the hatching eggs with some nutrients (folic acid, pyridoxine, Threonine) on some production performance of broiler. The study was carried with period 28/2/2013 to 25/4/2013 (750) hatching egg (Ross 308) was in cubeted, on fourteenth day , egg, The residual eggs divided into (7) equal treatment and injection with 0.1 ml of ready solution according to the following treatment: 1- The first treatment (T2): injection of 30mg Threonine / egg. 2- The second treatment (T2): injection of 100mg pyridoxine / egg. 3- The third treatment (T3): injection of 30mg and 100mg) Threonine and pyridoxine. 4- The fourth treatment (T4): injection of 250mg folic acid /egg. 5- The fifth treatment (T5): injection of (30mg and 250mg) Threonine and folic acid /egg. 6- The sixth treatment: positive control. 7- The seventh treatment: without injection (negative control). Rearing stage was conducted in the poultry farm 21/3/2013 to 25/4/2013 Hatching chicks from each treatment were divided into three replicate adjuster (15) birds, for each replicate. *Part of Ph. D. thesis for the third author The results of this study indicated that: 1- There were significant effects (p˂0.05) to injection eggs with some nutrients (folic acid, pyridoxine and Threonine) on some production performance of broiler comparative with negative and positive control treatment. 2- There was a significant rise (p˂0.05) in body weight, gain weight, feed conversion comparative with other experiment treatment. 3- There was high significant rise (p˂0.05) on feed the last three week in the bird that hatching from the eggs injection with (Threonine and folic acid) comparative with other treatment. 4- The birds that hatching from the eggs injection with pyridoxine was the lowest in mortality comparative with other treatment.

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Article
THE IMPACT OF ADDING FOLIC , ASCORBIC ACID, AND THEIR MIXTURE IN DRINKING WATER ON SOME PRODUCTIVE PERFORMANCE OF JAPANESE QUAIL (Coturinx japonica)
تأثير اضافة حامضي الفوليك والاسكوربيك وخليطهما في ماء الشرب على بعض الصفات الإنتاجية لطير السلوى

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الخلاصة

ABSTRACT This study was conducted to show the impact of folic and ascorbic acid on the productive performance qualities of Japanese quail, from 13-3-2014 to 20-03-2015 in Om Alakaf Station – Collage of Agriculture-University of Muthanna . Atotal number of 240 bird 7 day old from Japanese quail brought from Research poultry Station in Abou Ghraib -Ministry of Agriculture . Average body wight44.83gm bird . Were randomly divided into four treatment each treatment included three replicate (20birds/ rep )which placed in Aluminum cages. As control (without any addition),2nd group adding 250mg vit C/L water ,3rd group adding 0.5mg folic acid /L water ,4th group adding 125mg Vit. C+0.275mg folic acid/L drinking water. This study revealed that the best reveal showed in (T4)treatment where recorded 264.75gm/bird live body weight ,and feed conversion ratio was 2.0 gm/feed/weight increase and the best relative weight for (breast)cut was 31.83%,and this study gives lestest result when with (T4) treatment where was live body weight 263.2 gm/bird, and feed conversion ratio was 2.1 gm/feed/weight increase and the best relative weight for (breast)cut was 31.30%. with increase significant difference (p≤0.05) between treatments and control group (without any addition) .

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تأثير مستويات مختلفة من الملوحة في انبات و نمو بذور الخيار Cucumis sativus

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الخلاصة

Abstract An experiment was conducted in office examine of seed to investigate the effect of different level of salt in germination and germination speed index of cucumber seeds and some growth parameters of seedlings , the results shown decrease in germination and speed ratio of plant seeds which grown in Saline medium , also , the results shown in crease in germination and germination speed index of plant seeds , research also shown increasing in seedlings growth parameters , which indicate to ability of calcium utilisation to reduce salinity effect on the plants .

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