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مجلة المثنى للعلوم الزراعية

ISSN: 40862226
الجامعة: جامعة المثنى
الكلية: العلوم
اللغة:

This journal is Open Access

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مجلة علمية تم ابتكارها وذلك لنشر البحوث العلمية الخاصة بالكلية

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جدول المحتويات السنة: 2014 المجلد: 2 العدد: 1

Article
Molecular detection of biodegradation and biosurfactant-producing bacteria isolated from hydrocarbon contaminated soils in the Diwaniya city/ Al-Qadisiya governorate
التحري الجزيئي عن بكتريا التحلل الحيوي والمنتجة للسطوح الحيوية المعزولة من الترب الملوثة بالمواد الهيدروكاربونية في مدينة الديوانية / محافظة القادسية

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الخلاصة

Abstract: As the usage of hydrocarbons increase soil contamination with diesel, engine and lubricating oils is becoming one of the major environmental problems this investigation was carried out to determine the bacterial flora of soils contaminated with used oils in the Diwaniya city / Al-Qadisiya governorate . Bacteria were screened for biosurfactants production by using oil spreading technique and hemolytic activity . Isolated bacteria were screened for the presence of one of the hydrocarbon degrading enzyme catechol 2,3 dioxygenase(C23O) and rhamnosyl transferase I (rhIB) enzyme which is involve in the production of biosurfactant by polymerase chain reaction amplification of genes using specific primers. Enrichment method was employed for the isolation of the bacteria . Soil samples from 17 different repairing car stations and electrical generators in the Diwaniya city were inoculated minimal salt medium (MSM) with crude oil as uniqe carbon source . The results showed that the bacterial species isolated were Pseudomonas spp. 14 isolates ( 66%) , Bacillus spp. 3 isolates (14%) , Micrococcus spp. 2 isolates (10%) and one isolate ( 5%) for each Staphylococcus spp. and Streptococcus spp. In case of the ability of bacterial isolates to produce biosurfactants , the results showed that using oil spreading technique ( among three different oils : crude oil , diesel and kerosene ) , kerosene was the best source for the production of biosurfactants in both Pseudomonas spp. and Bacillus spp. and Pseudomonas spp. showed higher activity than Bacillus spp. Also the results showed that oil spreading technique was better predicted biosurfactants production than the hemolytic activity . The difference in mean biosurfactant production by using two way ANOVA was found to be statistically significant at the p-values of p ˂ 0.05 (at 0.05 level of significance) between different methods and different bacteria . Molecular detection of C23O and rhIB genes, 12 isolates (58%) of degrading bacteria isolates from all twenty one bacterial isolates from contaminated soils expressed the C23O gene with highest percentage (43%) in Pseudomonas spp. This study showed that all Pseudomonas aeruginosa ability to produce rhIB gene and this DNA came from P. aeruginosa.

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Article
تأثير مستويات مختلفة من مسحوق حبة البركة ( الحبة السوداء Nigella ( sativa في اداء مواليد وامهات الارانب المحلية

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الخلاصة

Abstract In this study, 36 does ranging between 3.5-4 month aged have been used. At the end of two weeks of pregnancy does which have been divided randomly and distributed into four treatment, each of includes nine does and are fed on four levels of (Nigella sativa L.) powder 0, 1, 2, 3٪ . Feeding continuous until does birth. The purpose of the study is to know the effect of black seed on the weight gain of does, weights of their kids, their milk production and some compounds of milk. The results of this study can be summarized as follows: Does of two treatments where are fed on black seed 3٪ and 4٪ reveale significantly (P<0.05) highest weight gain as compared with weight gain of the control and the second treatment, weights of kids for does on black seed 3٪ and 2٪ exceeded that weights of kids of control does and weights of kids of does fed on 1٪ black seed at all weeks except the fifth and the sixth weeks and the weights of control births generally have the lowest significance as compared with all treatments. The fourth treatment has significant (P<0.05) superiority in mean biweekly milk yield than milk yield of control does at the first four weeks , and also the fourth treatment exceeds the second treatment at fourth week. Generally rabbit does which have been fed on 2٪ and 3٪ black seed record a higher milk yield at the first four weeks. The daily and total milk yield / doe is significantly (P<0.05) higher for does of third treatment 2٪ black seed and fourth treatment 3٪ black seed than of the control and the second treatments. The fourth treatment acquire ahigher percentige of milk fat as compared with the control. Does of third and fourth treatments record higher significant increase in protein percentage as compared with does of the first and the second treatments . There is no significant effect of black seed on survival rate of kids among the four treatments. Sex has no significant effect of wight of kids for all weeks of study, and also there is no significant effect on weekly, daily and total milk yield and livability percentage. The results show that weights of triple births are superior significantly (P<0.05) as compard with different births of all weeks, while there is no significant effect of birth type on milk yield , and also there is asignificant differences on livability percentage


Article
Effect of foliar application and Zinc on growtt characters of Eggplant ( Solanum melongena L.
تأثير الرش بالمغذيات الورقية وعنصر الخارصين في بعض الصفات الطبيعية لنبات الباذنجان Solanum melongena L. صنف برشلونة

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الخلاصة

Abstract .. An experiment was conducted at the green house of Research station of Agricultural experiments . The experiment included twenty four treatments resulted from the interaction between four treatments i.e. F1 control ; and F2 Garlic extract ( Conc 40mlL-1 ) ; F3 liquorice root extract ( Conc. 3.5 gm L-1 ) and F4 plant fert. ( 1.5gmL-1 ), and three treatments i.e. Zn1 control ; Zn2 (0.25 gmkg-1 soil ) ; and Zn3 ( 0.40 gmkg-1 soil ) of ZnSO4 . RCBD was used with three replicates . Results showed that the highest vegetative growth.values ( plant height , root length , leav Fr. Wt and Dry Wt . root Fr. Wt and Dry Wt . , shoot Fr. Wt and Dry Wt . , leav No. and Branch No. was achieved from spraying with liquorice root extract , Meanwhile , the least values for the above mentioned parameters were noticed with control without ZnSO4 . There was a significant interaction between the two factors .

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Article
Response of Peppermint Plant ( Mentha piperita L.) to Foliar application of Garlic and Nitrogen Fertilizer on Vegetative properties and Essential Oil Yield
استجابة نبات النعناع Mentha piperita L. للرش بمستخلص الثوم والسماد النتروجيني في صفات النمو الخضري وحاصل الزيت الطيار

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الخلاصة

ABSTRACT Field experiment was conducted at the Experimental Researches Station , College of Agriculture - AL-Muthanna University on 10 of September,2012 to study the effect of Foliar application of garlic extract at four rates (0, 2.5 , 5.0 and 7.5 ml L-1) and nitrogen fertilizer levels (0 , 50 , 100 and 150 Kg N ha-1) on vegetative properties and Essential Oil Yield of Mentha piperita L. Treatments of Foliar application of garlic extract were applied three times. Experiment were conducts using complete randomized block design with three replicates. The results are summarized as follows: garlic extract had significant effect on vegetative growth properties, the leve of 5.0 ml L-1 produced the best values of vegetative growth properties; plant height, dry matter yield, leaf content of total chlorophyll and essential oil yield(14.72 L ha). The concentration of 2.5 ml L-1 gave the best result in number of branches and number of leaves per plant. Level of nitrogenous fertilizer (150 Kg N ha-1) gave the highest means of vegetative growth characteristics ; plant height , branches number , leaves number, dry weight of vegetative growth, leaf content of total chlorophyll and essential oil yield (20.91L ha-1) . The results of the interaction effect between nitrogen fertilizer and Foliar application of garlic extract revealed that there was an increase in the vegetative growth characteristics, the interaction of rate of nitrogenous fertilizer (150 Kg N ha-1) with concentration of (5ml L-1) gave the highest means of all vegetative growth characteristics and produced the highest means of yield of essential oil.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Statistical Analysis of Date Palm Productivity In Al-Hassainya Nahia, Karbala Governorate, During The Period ( 2000 – 2012 )
التحليل الاحصائي لأنتاجية نخلة التمر في ناحية الحسينيه التابعه لمحافظة كربلاء للمدة (2000- 2012)

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الخلاصة

Abstract : Statistical Analysis was achieved by using 1.Parametric Tests , One way ANOVA,. 2. Non Parametric Tests by Kruskal – Wallis H Test to compare the mean of date palm productivity for seven agricultural cooperatives : AL- Sumood, Al- Nassor, Al- Waey, Sayed Al-Shohada , Al-Subtein, Al- Taff , and Al-Mataleek in Al-Hassainya Nahia , Karbala Governorate during the period 2000 – 2012. The results indicated there were no significant differences among the seven cooperatives in their date palm productivity, at significance level 0.05 . The productivity average was 52.3 , 51.5 , 56.5 , 55.8 , 56.5, 51.2. and 47.7 ( Kg/tree ) respectively , The total average was 53.1( Kg/tree ) . This average was low as compared with the productivity average of date palm of Iraq 62.22 ( Kg/tree ) during the period 2000 – 2010 .Then, the average was more , it was 68.8( Kg/tree ) during the period 2010 – 2012 , but the estimation of date production function of agricultural cooperatives during the year 2012 indicated the non economics first stage of the law of diminishing returns represented the production. So the suggestion is to do our best to rise the production function to higher level by adoption of vertical agricultural practices to reach to the end of the second economic stage which is the optimal production

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Article
Effect of Planting Material and Row Spacing on Sugarcane Yield and Quality
تأثير أنواع التقاوي والمسافات بين الخطوط على حاصل السكر ونوعيته

المؤلفون: هاشم رشيد مجيد هاشم رشيد مجيد
الصفحات: 1-11
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الخلاصة

Abstract Field experiment was conducted at Al-Majaar Al-Kabher south Iraq to determined the effect of two planting materials (Whole Stalk and billet) and four row spacing (1.25 , 1.50 , 1.75 and 2 m) on sugar cane Saccharum officinarum L. yield and quality for crop yield and subsequent ratoon crop cycle for year 2007 and 2008, respectively. Cane yield and its attributes responded differently to different planting material and row spacing. Planting whole stalk on narrow row 1.25 and 1.50m gave higher cane yield (80.4 and 78.5 t/ha, respectively) than billet planting on the same row spacing (53.8 and 63.2 t/ha, respectively). Planting whole stalk on narrow rows gave higher stalk no./m2 (18.2 and 17.9 stalk/m2 for 1.25 and 1.50m row spacing, respectively) than billet planting (15.3 and 15.4 stalk/m2 for 1.25 and 1.75m row spacing respectively). Ratoon crop cycle gave also higher cane yield and stalk no./m2 when planted whole stalk compare to billet planting. Planting whole stalk gave higher stalk height than billet planting in only crop yield cycle. Reduced row spacing from 2 to 1.25 resulted in increased stalk height and reduced stalk diameter in plant cane and subsequent ratoon crop cycle. The two planting materials prove to be similar in yield quality in crop yield crop cycle but in the first ratoon billet planting gave 0.9% higher in pol% cane than whole stalk planting. Reduced row spacing increased pol% cane and purity% in sugarcane plant cane and ratoon crop cycle. This result showed that improvement of sugarcane production in Iraq could be achieved as first step by manipulating the current cultural practices.

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Article
Response promising genotype of Maize Zea mays L. for Nitrogen Fertilizers in the southern region
استجابة تراكيب وراثية واعدة من الذرة الصفراء Zea mays L. للتسميد النيتروجيني تحت ظروف المنطقة الجنوبية

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الخلاصة

Abstract Field experiment was conducted to study the response of promising genotype of maize (Zea mays L.) for Nitrogen Fertilizer in the southern region for Autumman season of 2013 the first location was in AL-Qurna( Basrah province) and the second location was in the AL-Graff ( Thi –Qar province) Genotypes was used ( 5015 , 5016 , 5017 , 5018 , 106 ) and three fertilizers levels ( 50 , 75 , 100 ) Kg N/ha in the both locations .The Randomized complete Block design in the three replications was used . The treatment was distributed randomly at the experimental united with factorial experiments style .The effect of the genotypes and nitrogen on fertilizer and the interaction between them at the two was studied on the some growth characteristics, yield and yield components .The results shared that the 5015 genotype gave the highest graint yield per plant (138.4 g/plant) .The basrah location gave the highest grain yield per plant (154.9 g/plant) ,whil the level (100 Kg N/ha) gave the highest grain yield per plant (128.2 g/plant) . The 5015 at basrah location interaclion gave the highest grain yield per plant (198.0 g/plant) Where as the 106 genotype at (100 Kg N/ha) gave the highest grain yield per plant (164.69 g/plant) , However the (100 Kg N/ha) at basrah location gave the highest grain yield per plant (71.3 g/plant ) . The 5015 genotype at basrah location with (50 Kg N/ha) gave the highest grain yield per plant (207.1 g/plant) .


Article
THE EFFECT OF DIFFERENT QUANT ITIES OF NPK FERTILIZER ON CROWTH OF SOME KINDS OF WHEAT Triticum aestivum L.
تأثير كميات مختلفة من السماد المركب NPK في نمو اصناف من الحنطة* ( Triticum aestivum L.)

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الخلاصة

Abstract A field experiment was conducted at AL-Shinana which is about (65) Km north of Basrah during 2013/2014 . The aim of this study was figure out the effect of four levels of NPK fertilizer (15:15:15 ) (F₀) zero Kg.hˉ¹ , (F₁) 200 Kg.hˉ¹, ( F₂) 400 Kg.hˉ¹ , and (F₃) 600 Kg.hˉ¹ on growth of five varieties of wheat ( Triticum aestivum L.) ( Bhooth -158 , IPA-99 , Bhooth -22 , Abu-graib -3 and Fateh ).Farther quantity of Nitrogen was added in from Urea and the quanties were ( 0 , 66 , 132 , 198 ) Kg Urea , so the full quantity of Nitrogen will became (60 , 120 and 180 )Kg N . hˉ¹ . The experiment was conduct by using split- plot design and the varieties sub-plot represented because they were the most important factor in this study .While in the main plot were the levels of NPK fertilizer . The randomized completely block design was used with three replications in a soil which is a silt clay loam texture. The results showed that ( Bhooth -158) was superior in area of flag leaf in the lowest number of days of planting to 50% spiking and the longest number of days from 50% spiking until maturity . Abu-graib -3 was superior in plant height and number of tiller . mˉ². IPA-99 was superior in spike length . The results showed that the level (F₃) was superior in the number of days from 50% spiking to maturity ,the plant height , the area of flag leaf and spike length .The level(F₀) was superior in the lowest number of planting to 50% spiking . The level(F₂) was superior in the number of tiller . The interaction between cultivars and NPK fertilizer levels gave significant interaction in which ( Bhooth-158× F₀)gave the lowest number of days of planting to 50% spiking and ( Bhooth-158× F₃) superior in hightest number of days from 50% spiking to maturity and the area of flag leaf .( Abu-graib -3 ×F₃ ) in plant hight and number of tiller (IPA-99×F₃)in spike length.

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Article
Isolation and Identification of bacterial genera and species that most sovereign in sawa lake water and determine their ability to withstand salinity in several levels of NaCl
عزل وتشخيص البكتريا الأكثر سيادة في مياه بحيرة ساوه و تحديد مدى قابليتها على تحمل عدة مستويات من ملح كلوريد الصوديوم

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الخلاصة

Considering the importance of Sawa lake and the scarcity of studies on it, and for purpose of providing information concerning the microbial activity. This study was conducted in order to investigate the bacterial genus and species which are likely presence in the water of the lake. We have been conducting this study from July 2012 to end of the month April 2013 i.e. , that the study was quarterly , where it was the process of isolation and identification of species and bacterial genera from water on the basis of seasons any from summer 2012 to the end of spring 2013 . the importance of economical and touris importance enjoyed by Sawa lake being considered an hydraulically important point and tourist landmark frequented by many tourists for the purpose of treatment the other hand so were selected species and bacterial genera most presence and sovereignty in water of the lake , where the percentage witnessed bacteria 100% Vibrio alginolyticus in water lake during the study period in each quarterly stations and sites that are under study , while the proportion of bacteria Proteus mirabilis 95.83 % , while the proportion of each from Staphyllococcus aureus bacteria and Escherichia coli 91.67 % .

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Article
Effect of phosphorus sources and methods of chelate zinc application on growth and yield of corn plant
تأثير مصدر الفسفور وطرائق اضافة الزنك المخلبي في نمو وحاصل نبات الذرة الصفراء

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الخلاصة

This study was conducted to reveal the effect of using three sources of phosphorus fertilizer , via , Triple super phosphate ( TSP ) , Ordinary super phosphate ( OSP ) and di ammonium phosphate ( DAP ) , and two method of chelate zinc application , mixing with soil at 25 kg Zn .ha-1 after sowing and foliar application at 5 kg Zn .ha-1 added in three splits ( at eight , fourteenth leaf and Silking stage ) as well as control treatment .120 kg P. ha-1 , 240 kg N. ha-1 and 80 kg K. ha-1 were added for all treatments in RCBD experiment with three replicates. The following results was obtained : 1 – superior of di ammonium phosphate ( DAP) on grain yield ,dry matter weight and weight of 500 grain . 2- superior of foliar method of chelate zinc application , on weight of 500 grain . 3 – The results showed a significant interaction between triple super phosphate ( TSP ) fertilizer and soil method of Zn application in weight of 500 grain, yield of dry matter and plant height .The interaction between ordinary super phosphate ( OSP ) and soil application of zinc was superior in grain yield . 4 – all treated plots were better than control ( 0 P + 0 Zn ) .

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Article
The Effect of Foliar Fertilizers and Planting Methods on Growth and Yield Characters Under Plastic House Grown Pepper ( Capsicum annuum L. ) .
تأثير التسميد الورقي وطريقة الزراعة في نمو وحاصل نبات الفلفل صنف كاليفورنيا ووندر ، المزروع في البيوت البلاستيكية

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الخلاصة

An experiment was conducted in one of the plastic house – college of Agriculture , Al- Muthanna University for 2009- 2010 growing season. To study the effect of three levels of Foliar application ( 0 , with Tarra. Sorb. Solution and with Pro. Sol powder .The first spraying began at flowering stage and then after each ( 10 ) days intervals. And the planting methods ( direct planting, trench culture with l soil: 1 Cow manure and bags culture with l soil: 2 Cow manure ). The experiment was laid out in RCBD with 3 replicates. Data were collected on ( plant height (Cm), , stem diameter(cm), shoot wt(Kg) , Root wt (gm), Shoot DM (gm), Root DM( gm ), Root length ( cm ), Plant Yield ( gm / plant ), Total Plant Yield ( Kg / 180m2) , Fruit wt ( gm ) and No. of fruit / plant.

الكلمات الدلالية

الرش الورقي --- طرق الزراعة --- الفلفل .


Article
EFFECT OF CONCENTRATIONS OF ANFAZYME BIOFERTILIZER ON THE GROWTH AND YIELD OF TWO COWPEA VARIETIES
تاثير السماد الحيوي Anfazyme في نمو وحاصل صنفين من اللوبياء (Vigna sinensis)

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الخلاصة

This experiment was conducted during the season 2011 to investigate the effect of different concentration (0, 0.25, 0.50, 0.75, 1.00 ml/L) of biofertilizer (anfazym) on growth and yield of two varieties of cowpea, Bonanza and Biader using R.C.B.D design with 4 replicates. Results showed that the concentrations of anfazym , variety and their interaction had a significant effect on growth and yield, but the highest average of plant length, branches and leaves number, Fresh and dry weight , green pods number /plant, yield of pods per plant and hectar achieved at the intraction of 0.75ml/ l of anfazym in Bonanza variety which gave 83.67cm, 7.58 branch, 39.58 leaf, 149.62 g, 34.80 g, 32.50 pod, 10.25 seed , 229.75 gm/plant and 10.83 ton/ha respectively, while the treatment without spray in Biader variety gave 46.25cm , 2.17 branch, 26.67 leaf, 107.86 g, 13.80 g, 17.75 pod, 7.00 seed, 151.25 gm/plant and 7.13 ton/ha respectively.

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Article
Astudy on some Chemical and Physical Properties of Dates (AL-sultani c.v) and its Component of Reducing Sugars by using Thin Layer Chromatography Technique
دراسة بعض الصفات الكيميائية والفيزيائية للتمر صنف سلطاني ومحتواه من السكريات الاحادية بطريقة كروموتوكرافي الطبقة الرقيقة

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الخلاصة

This experiments was applied to the date samples of Al-sultani date palm cultivar (Semi hard types) obtained from Iraqi Company for Dates Marketing in Al-Shalcheya. Juice dates was obtained by solving dates in water as 1:3 ratio , followed by filtration and clarification of the sample. .Moisture, total soluble solids, total and reducing sugars, protein, ash and tannin percent were estimated and their values were15.5%, 84%, 80.9% ,73%, 0.70 %,1.622%,0.003% respectively , values of viscosity , pH and density were7.025 poise ,6.6,101170 gm/cm3 respectively .Thin layer chromatography technique was applied to juice sample for identification of aldehyde and ketone mono reducing sugars by spotting them on TLC plate and the spts were compared with standard solutions of glucose, galactose (aldehyde reducing sugars) and fructose (ketone reducing sugars ) . The image gave blue spots color for the aldehyde sugar and brown spots color for the ketone sugars. Rf values were estimated for all the spots .

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Article
Influence of different temperatures and prey species on development larvae of the predator Chrysoperla carnea (Stephen)under laboratory conditions
تأثير درجات الحرارة المختلفة ونوع الفريسة في تطور يرقات أسد المَنْ الأخضر Chrysoperla carnea (Stephens) تحت الظروف المختبرية

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الخلاصة

The study was conducted to investigate the effect of nymphs of two different prey (the poplar Euphrates aphid Chaitophorus euphraticus Hodjat and mealy bugs Nipaecoccus viridis (Newst.) under different temperatures (20, 25, 30 and35) Centigrade. In development of larval instars and stage for the predator Chrysoperla carnea (Stephen).The temperature and the type of prey and overlap between them showed him effect on the averages in some of the parameters as life of the larvae, where that the results showed maximum averages for period there with the temperatures impact and were as follow (7.37, 7.90, 8.72 and 24.03) days of all previous stages and 20 Centigrade the minimum is (2.21, 2.22, 1.11 and 3.17) to be continued every day at temperature of 35 Centigrade that the effecting of kind of prey and it has reached higher medium of (4.39, 4.82, 4.72 and 12.78) day of all previous for time of third stage of larva growing of all larva and when the predators larva were fed on mealy bugs nymphs and it reached to (3.33, 3.75, 4.15 and 11.16) days of all previous for time, in case of interfering with temperature degree and the kind of prey and the minimum has been reached to (8.49, 9.04, 10.00 and 27.63) day of all previous for time at temperature 20 Centigrade in case of feeding the predators larva on bug nymphs of minimum at third stage of larva on temperature of (0 and 0) days and the kind of prey and to be done on temperature of 35 Centigrade and use wheat bug larva to feed the female predators larva , but some of them are different than of first cycle and second cycle and minimum level is (2and2.1185) to be done on temperature of 35 Centigrade in case of feeding the predators larva on prey larva, and that study has been confirmed that temperature degrees as the same time the dead rates of predator larva is maximum of the third and first to be as (44.5،25،60.25) to be performed on feeding of wheat bug larva but the irregular of predator larva of second in case of effecting the feeding that depend on the temperature. Conclusion: From the results of this work we can conclude those upon the rearing of the predator on the poplar Euphrates aphid as well as we are given perfect in the results of this study. all one at to be done on temperature of 25 Centigrade.

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Article
The effect of diet supplementation with different levels of cumin seed and oil (Cuminumcyminum) on some productive performance traits of broiler chickens.
تأثير إضافة مستويات مختلفة من بذور وزيت الكمون للعليقة في بعض الصفات الإنتاجية لفروج اللحم.

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الخلاصة

This study was conducted at the Poultry Farm, Animal Resources department, Agriculture College, Baghdad University, from 30-9-2012 to 5-11-2012. The study the effect of supplementing different levels of cumin powder or oil on some productive performance traits of broiler chickens. Three hundred and fifteen day-old broiler chicken (Ross 308) were fed starter and finisher diets containing (22.09, 19.98)% crude protein and (2906, 3003.7) kcal ME/kg diet respectively .Cumin powder were supplemented at levels (0.5, 1,and 1.5)g/kg diet for treatments (T2,T3,and T4) .While cumin oil were supplemented at levels of(250,500,and750)mg/kg diet for treatments T5,T6,and T7.Chicks in T1 were fed on standard starter and Finisher diets and used as control group . Each treatment contain three replicate pen of (15 birds /replicate). Results of this study showed that. The data showed that mean body weight at marketing age (6 weeks old) in T6 (55 mg/kg cumin oil) were significantly higher than the control group ,the marketing BW for the two group were 2003.7 and 1897.0 gm for T6 and T1 respectively. Dietary treatment in T1, T3 ,T4 ,T5 hadn't any effect on marketing BW.

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Article
Effect of different ratios of food feeding flaxseed Holsteins cows milk production and component
تأثير تغــذية نسب مختلفة من بذور الكتان في أنتاج حليب أبقار الهولشتاين ومكونـــاته

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الخلاصة

Abstract This trial was conducted in the field of animal livestock Department in the College of Agriculture University of Baghdad from 1/7/2012 to 1/9/2012 to demonstrate, This study was conducted to investigate the effect of different levels of flaxseeds supplementation on milk yield and components. using 12 all Holstein cow in the first production season in the production phase (after 3 months of birth), divided into three groups of cows each kit contains five cows except comparison group (two cows). feed all cattle on feed standard only They differ in the proportions add flax seed crushed as the first treatment (comparison) and added 3% of dry seeds of flax for the second treatment, 6% of dry seeds of flax for the third transaction, overtook the second and third group of cows on a comparable amount of milk production after two weeks of treatment until the end of the experiment, the average amount of milk produced at the end of the eighth week of each cow 13.33 and 12.67 kg/day to second and third respectively as a comparison, the average 8.06 kgOn the moral impact results. (0.05 > p, 0.01 > p) in quantities (FAT, protein and lactose) transactions for the duration of the experiment with reduced fat milk from 3.25 to 2.37 kg/14 days between the start and end of the experiment for a comparison of the second and third treatment increased the amount of milk fat of 5.03 and 4.80 to 6.78 and 6.14 kg/14 days respectively, found differences significant (0.05 > p, 0.01 > p) between transactions in the amount of protein and lactose up amount is small starting week 3 until the end of the experiment Increased protein of 4.08 and 4.65 to 5.74 and 5.63 kg/14 days of treatment, the second and third, respectively, for the comparable treatment decreased the quantity of 3.84 to 2.93 kg/14 days between the start and end of the experiment, while the amount of lactose of 7.53 and 7.22 to 8.35 and 7.59 kg/14 on the second and third treatment fell from 5.73 to 4.30 kg/14 day treatment comparison between the beginning and end of the experiment.

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Article
The Effect of Partial Substitution of Friesian Calves Meat by Wild Vitch and Peas on Some Burger Traits
تاثيرالاستبدال الجزئي للبازلاء Pisum sativum والهرطمـــان Lathyrus Sativus محل لحم عجول الفريزيان في بعض صفات البيركر

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الخلاصة

This study aimed to better knowledge of proportion rates for dissolving the matters of Wild Vitch and Peas instead of calves beef Friesian. This study also used five treatments for this purpose. The first and the second were used for dissolving Peas in ratios (25 and 50%) respectively instead of the treatment of beef and fourth and the fifth above. The third treatment (Control treatment) was used without dissolving and used with comparison. The results of this study showed that the use of calves beef in 100% which led to high quality improvement (P≤0.01) in each evaluating features and this study also showed a high change and a highly significance (P≤0.01) in diameter and the thickness and weight of disk burger beef. The use of Peas and 25% in manufacturing burger beef which led to give the best results and high significance (P≤0.01) in freshness, flavor, taste and overall aueptiability as compared with other proportions in Peas and Wild Vitch. The use of beef 100% led to more than change in ratios percentages in fish diameter and the weight of burger disk in a highly aspects (P≤0.01) as compared with other treatments. In the case of using Peas in 50% with beef in 50% ration may give you less change in percentage for fish, diameter and the weight of burger disk in significant (P≤0.01) as compared with other proportions.

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Article
The effect of adding of different parts of the locally grown Rosella in the ratios on the some productive performance of broiler
أثر استخدام أجزاء مختلفة من الكجرات المزروعة محلياً إلى العليقة في بعض الصفات الإنتاجية لفروج اللحم

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الخلاصة

This study was conducted in the field of poultry - College of Agriculture - University of Muthanna to study the effect of adding different parts of the Rosella plant locally grown to ratios on some production performance of broiler. Two hundred and forty broiler chicks(Arbor Acre), 2 weeks old , raised from 2 to 6 weeks of age. The birds were distributed to four treatment groups with three replicates per treatment (60 birds per treatment), The treatment groups as follow: 1 - the first group:- control. 2 - Second group:- Use seeds of Rosella plant locally grown by 0.5% in the diet. 3 - Third treatment: - Use the flower for Rosella plant locally grown by 0.5% in the diet. 4 - the fourth treatment used the green leaves of the plant Rosella locally grown by 0.5% in the diet. The results showed a significant (P ≤ 0.05) increase of live body weight, weight gain, feed conversion, production index, economic figure, dressing percentage and recovery rate were recorded from the broiler supplemented with seed and flower of rosella plant locally grown compared with leaves rosella plant treatment and control. The results indicate that there was no significant differences in the productive performance of broiler which was fed seed and flower treatments, and between leave treatment and control.

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Article
Zheng Na, Qichao Wang, Zhongzhu Liang and Dongmei Zheng, 2008.Characterization of heavy metal concentrations in the sediments of three freshwater rivers in Huludao City, Northeast China. Environmental Pollution, in Press. Ecology study compared to some probable polluters to Euphrates river , M`assab-Alaam river and Garraf river in Al-Nasryia city - Iraq
دراسة بيئية مقارنة لبعض الملوثات المحتملة لنهر الفرات والمصب العام ونهر الغراف محافظة ذي قار- العراق

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الخلاصة

Summary Several ecological (physical & chemical) factors , are studied as water temperature , pH , total dissolved solids , salinity , nutrients nitrate nitrite and sulfate . Also some heavy elements Zn , Fe , Pb have been measured in the Euphrates river and masab-Alaam river and Garraf river , which is one of the main parts of Tigris river , this was studied basically in monthly period from June 2010 till September 2010 . Monthly changes have been recorded in the investigated factors , and less water temperature had been recorded in Euphrates river was 28ْ ْin September while the highest water temperature was 35ْ in June in Euphrates river . In masab-Alaam river pH was alternate between 7.9 and 8.5 and water temperature in September was less than water temperature in June in Euphrates river .In Al-Garraf river the concentration of the TDS was 410 mg/l in June while the highest concentration was 5630 mg/l in July in masab-Alaam river , and the less salinity was recorded in Garraf river was 0.678 mg/l in August and September compare with other rivers , In contrast with masab-Alaam river which salinity was 9.129 mg/l was recorded in June . The less concentrations of nitrate have been recorded in June in Euphrates river was 0.017 mg/l while highest concentration for nitrite 1.32 mg/l in Garaaf river in June less concentration of sulfide was recorded and it was 22 mg/l ,while the highest concentration was recorded in masab-Alaam river and it was 329 mg/l . The less concentration of Zn in Garraf river was 0.05 mg/l and the highest concentration was recorded in Masab Alaam river and it was 1.88 mg/l , for the months August and September . The less concentration for Pb it was 0.001 mg/l in Garraf river for the months August to September while highest concentration was recorded in July and it was 0.34 mg/l in masab-Alaam river and the smallest percent for Florid which was record in masab-Alaam river was 0.148 mg/l in July and the highest concentration which was recorded in Euphrates river was 0.237 mg/l in June

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Article
The effect of clearance and cylinder speed ratios & seed moisture content on broken Rice ratios during Husking & Whitening of Rice Anbber 33.
تأثير الخلوص و نسب سرع اسطوانتي الجرش والمحتوى الرطوبي للحبوب في نسب التكسر أثناء عمليتي الجرش والتبييض لحبوب الرز عنبر33

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الخلاصة

Abstract This research covered two aspects, the first was to estimate quantity and percentage of total milling yield and broken rice during husking and whitening operation by using different speed ratios , different clearances for rubber roll husker, different moisture content, and two types of whitening machines (H . abrasive & Jet Pearler ). *بحث مستل من رسالة ماجستير للباحث الثاني The second aspect was to compare modern mill ( Rubber roll )with traditional mill .Disk sheller ) based on yield and quality of rice .The first aspect of research was conducted at rice laboratory of Al -tajee mill , Central Laboratory for Standardization and quality control of General Company for Grain Trading .The study results showed that the change of speed ratio from (1:0.53) to (1:0.75) indicated that reduction of unhulling grains ,the increase of clearance between the rubber roll of husker from 0.5 mm to 0.9 mm resulted in indicated an increase of unhulling speed ratio and a reduced of husking ratio ,the ratio of broken rice was reduced as the clearance was increase. In general the husking efficiency has ranged from (80-90)% and it was decreased with the increase of moisture content . The whitening by abrasion in H.abrasive machine produced less broken rice and best ratio of milling yield than the whiting type by friction in jet pearler machine for anbbar 33. The second aspect of study showed that the roll type of modern rice mill has superior performance than that of Disk sheller type of traditional rice mill .It produced 65.25% total milling ratio, 50.25% head rice ratio and 14.83% broken rice ratio ,while the traditional rice mill produced 60.27% total milling ratio, 38.13%head rice ratio and 22.1% broken rice ratio.

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