جدول المحتويات

مجلة مركز بابل للدراسات الانسانية

ISSN: 22272895 23130059
الجامعة: جامعة بابل
الكلية: رئاسة الجامعة او مراكز
اللغة: Arabic and English

This journal is Open Access

حول المجلة

مجلة مركز بابل للدراسات الانسانية هي مجلة رسمية صادرة عن مركز بابل للدراسات الحضارية والتاريخية بجامعة بابل وتختص بنشر البحوث والمقالات الاكاديمية في مجالات الدراسات الانسانية والتاريخية والحضارية تنشر المجلة محلياُ بشكل نصف سنوي اي مرتين في كل عام حيث يتم تحرير المجلة من قبل فريق تحكيم علمي يعمل على تقييم البحوث المرسلة حيث ان كل بحث يتم ارساله الى ادارة المجلة يعمل خبيرين اثنين على الاقل في تقييم كل جانب من جوانبه ووفق استمارة معدة لهذا الغرض ولا نقوم بنشر اي مقالات او بحوث بدون اجازة نشر من قبل خبرائنا .
جامعة بابل
سنة الاصدار 2011
عدد الاعداد الصادرة 21 عدد
مجلة نصف سنوية

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جدول المحتويات السنة: 2017 المجلد: 7 العدد: 3

Article
Community peace between unity and diversity The Qur'anic text is an introduction
السِّلْم المجتمعيّ بين الوحدة والتعدّد النصّ القرآنيّ مدخلا

المؤلفون: Abbas Ameir Muariz أ.م.د. عباس أمير معارز
الصفحات: 1-20
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الخلاصة

Abstract - The requirement to live in peace with different other starting is to live in peace with self-defense, and thus rid oneself of intellectual and psychological ills, and seek to where salvation resulting from the awareness of the value of peace and the need to exercise the practice of accepting the satisfaction of not having carried out the exercise of discontent. - The possibility that the exercise of a culture of peace is an important type of types of self-force and the interior of the same individual and the community, so that the power of the individual and the nation environment requires a reassuring and valid. - The concept of peace to be achieved between the unit representative of the individual, the aspect of the multitudes of the representative of society, with a great opportunity for the exchange of roles.


Article
Cultural Barriers of Translating Multi- Meaning Words in some Selected Quranic Texts
العوائق الثقافية لترجمة الكلمات ذات المعاني المتعددة في نصوص قرآنية مختارة

المؤلفون: Qasim Obayes Al-Azzawi قاسم عبيس العزاوي
الصفحات: 1-14
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الخلاصة

Possessing more than one meaning like, وَسَطً, أَخْذُ and أَبُ which are samples of the Multi-Meaning Words that necessitate radical alterations in translation. To keep pace with the fluency of the original text and close voids between the English and Arabic languages, translating these particular words require mastering the two languages and having profound knowledge of the various meaning of the present words especially in Arabic. The current study focuses on the importance of the cultural knowledge in order not to deprive the aesthetic function of the translated texts. It also sheds light on the style of translating the words: وَسَطً, أَخْذُ and أَبُ culturally.

الكلمات الدلالية

Quranic texts --- translation --- نصوص قرآنية ، ترجمة


Article
The human nature between realism and naturalism in the nineteenth century
الطبائع الإنسانية بين الواقعية و الطبيعية في القرن التاسع عشر

المؤلفون: Ahmed abed abbas احمد عبد عباس
الصفحات: 15-33
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الخلاصة

If realism is present in human beings since ancient times, it is necessarily present in literature as an expression of the nature of people and as a product of influences of race, time and place. Our research covered: The human nature between realism and naturalism in the nineteenth century)) The reasons for the emergence of realism and natural in literature, and then addressed a number of features, including the pessimism, which was represented in the work of its pioneer Balzac, who depicted some social diseases such as stinginess and access and hypocrisy and the search for money, as in the series of novels ("human comedy) Which is acquired by the individual of his community. And then the research showed the advantages of naturalism, which sees its leader, Emil Zola, that man is evil and that the cause of his evil is due to the instincts he inherited from the fathers, which include a part of the inherited traditions and individualities as in the series of novels Rougon-Macquart.


Article
The structures of the condition in the text of the large university visit
تراكيب الشَّرط في نصِّ الزِّيارة الجامعة الكبيرة

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الخلاصة

The research concluded the following results: 1- Several types of condition structures were included in the text of the large university visit. They were used to achieve the purpose that the visit sought to adopt. The condition of the condition, with its causes and consequences, contributed to adapting the minds to the high ideological content contained in the noble text. 2 - Help the condition of the condition, including thumb and thumb in the tools, to get rid of the speaker of the clear signals that may harm the recipient, especially that the visit decides the good fate of the family and the bad consequences of those who violated, was thumb and uncles a means of alerting the addressee On what he needs to know in his faith, and a link to guide him and convince him of the facts. 3 - the use of conditional sentence in its original order, which consists of (condition tool and the condition and condition answer) in the text of the visit, and varied instruments condition, and used three of them, namely (from, if, and). The text of the visit is considered to be a place for addressing the wise people of the nation in general, for the purpose of guiding them and alerting them to the facts of the vague things they have in the minds of non-continent. While the two tools (Lu) and (N) were used once. 4 - robbing time of doing the condition and answer in the texts of the visit, the researcher explained that the letters of the sacred texts are not subject to a specific time, but are texts that exceeded time and place, and its actions are indicative of continuity. 5 - A number of the structures of the condition have been contradicted by what is proven by the grammarians in the section on the rulings of doing the condition and its answer. The answer is a name derived from the words of the imam (peace be upon him): " ((And the answer to you at the bottom of the gendarmerie of hell)), as these answers were not coupled with the penalty, although it is not suitable to be an answer to the condition. The researcher pointed out that these answers must be recognized in the section of the clause, a dam to the lack of extrapolation in grammar, and pointed out that the use of the texts of the infallibles (peace be upon them) in the linguistic citation, being one of the most closely related linguistic codes. 6 - The researcher presented to the structures of the police did not respond to the original order of the condition clause, and where the answer to the condition on the tool and the condition, and the grammarians in the provisions of this structure and the evidence, and concluded the opinion that such sentences can be prepared from the sentences that do not need to fully estimate the answer , And that it is satisfied with its grammatical elements, and that it is full of interest, and that it has a meaning that does not have the original order of speech. The researcher noted in the text of the visit conditional structures in which the response of the condition is repeated in the form of consecutive conditional sentences, which in its entirety constitute an answer to the condition. He also noted that sentences were repeated on a regular basis, in which conditional sentences were met in conditional conditional structures, which increased the consistency of the text and its unity, and achieved various indications recorded by the researcher in the study


Article
Educational dimensions of the character of the hero in the drawings of children
الأبعاد التربوية لشخصية البطل في رسوم الأطفال

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الخلاصة

The first chapter dealt with the problem of research, in which the two researchers attempted to grasp the problem of children's influence on the dimensions of particular characters to show these dimensions in their drawings, revealing many of the hidden personalities of children at different levels, as well as the importance of the research and its purpose. Children's drawings, and finally temporal and spatial boundaries and terminology. The second part deals with the mechanism of the development of cognitive and artistic cognition of children and the extent of the reflection of this development in the drawing and drawing of the character of the hero specifically, while the third section dealt with the semantic dimensions in children's drawings, The third chapter deals with the research procedures, which included the original research community, its design and its method of analysis, and the construction of a special tool for this purpose, with verification of the validity of the tool and its stability. The fourth chapter contains the results of the research. The researchers concluded that there are five educational dimensions that appeared in the drawings of the children are (dimensions of knowledge, psychological, artistic, value and aesthetic conceptual design) and contains a number of conclusions as well as the recommendations of the researchers and their proposals.


Article
The Grammatical Criticism, The Valuable And The Contents
النقد النحوي قيمه ومضامينه

المؤلفون: Mohammed Ismail Abdullah محمد إسماعيل عبد الله
الصفحات: 75-110
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الخلاصة

The study of grammar in what is known as grammatical criticism is somewhat old Somewhat. However, the search for such details and their collection in the academic research is very little if I was not absolutely not at all, I mean research in the theoretical aspect of the subject. Grammar is one of the known types of linguistic criticism, and the grammar critic focuses on purely grammatical issues in the selected text of criticism, It has been expressed in the melody, or unjustified profiling of the grammatical base, or the imbalance in the composition of the sentences, or the confusion of grammatical, and so on, which is a mental imbalance, whether this defect is intended for a particular idea at the objector, or just occurred where the originator, Forgiveness or small can be excused or justified. Because we are trying to define the grammatical criticism first, and to develop a simplified form, we will identify certain things to study in this research, such as: First: What is criticism in general? What is grammatical criticism in particular? Second: What are the qualities of the critic in general? What are the characteristics of the grammar critic in particular? Thirdly: What can a critic criticize? Fourth: What texts can be criticized grammatical?


Article
The Concept of the Intellectual and its Representations in the Iraqi Theater Text (The play of Abu al-Tayyib al-Mutanabi model)
مفهوم المثقف و تمثلاته في النص المسرحي العراقي ( مسرحية أبي الطيب المتنبي أنموذجا )

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الخلاصة

It is clear that the intellectual is the person who can or can be a vision of his own through the surrounding whether it is a human or community or nature, so that he can express his vision and colors and words and languages and other expressions, and since the study of the intellectual variety, such as representations or images, so must To be studied according to the data of cultural criticism, which is one of the post-modern monetary activities and events is concerned with "criticism of the inherent patterns of cultural discourse in all manifestations, patterns and formulas, what is unofficial and non-institutional and what is the same, both" () Phenomena and brain Thus, the intellectual will reveal to us this conscience through his image in the text of the theater, which is a culture of humanity is constantly proliferating and diverse, and this is a claim to the study of the intellectual as a phenomenon present and wide at the level of theatrical text, especially the Iraqi, and access to the keys of his personality made us think that it is a phenomenon is a problem reflected us by questioning Next: (What are the representations of the intellectual in the Iraqi theater text in the light of cultural criticism?).


Article
Sciences The culture of violence in the poetry of Mu'tasad ibn Abad ((Motives and manifestations))
ثقافة العنف في شعر المعتضد بن عباد ((الدوافع والتجليات))

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الخلاصة

Al-Mu'tasad Ibn Abad, King of Seville, king of the news of his person until it was said that Andalusia did not know a cruel and violent monarch like him, combining extremes in his hair cruelty and softness and violence and mercy but the area of violence overwhelmed Linh, and his violence and tyranny tyrannized him. His environment or the product of mental education he inherited as he inherited the rule in Sevilla? ... Was it involving a personality suffering satisfactory behaviors expressed in his poetry? Did he nourish the intellectual system of the nature of the Arab government had suffered by the practice in his rule ?. The research is an attempt to study this personality and analyze its behavior through the poetic achievement based on the experience of poetry and in accordance with what was reported in the sources of research and the reports of live testimonies and experiences experienced by contemporaries and news. These questions require a deductive answer and a desire to reach a scientific answer In the interest of research under the title (culture of violence in the poetry of Mu'tasad ibn Abad), moreover, I did not find - as far as I know - who studied this character according to the significance - violence - poetry, and to launch the subject of research we have to light a small title of being Of the social and political significance of the Arab government In most distinguished Hakaba such, the status of violence, was a must for us from a historical Mulch to see the presence of the sons of slaves in Andalusia and their king in Seville and how it was the first entry to Andalusia? And crossing them? Then establish their own king ?. And the most important thing that the state of Bani Abad, the relationship of the kings of poetry as poets or sponsors of poetry or are interested in according to the perspective of the relationship of poetry to power ... The basic brick in the search was the motives of violence in the poetry of Mu'tasad ibn Abad, King of Sevilla and manifestations in his poetry and then the results of the research that I reached through this lesson and God the conciliator.


Article
Commitment in the poetry of son al- Rummy
الالتزام في شعر ابن الرومي

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الخلاصة

Distinction hair being a passion, and imagination, and the idea was inspired by the reality of the daily life of the poet, what Astouhah poet of poetic themes in the purpose of praise and spelling, self-pity and pride, must be subsumed beneath the values and principles of the writer seeks to publish in the community, reader Orbiter Arab unfinished poetic finds that the self exists and also the objective, issue of commitment -ally despite the fact that the term is a product of thought Grab- in the hair is not the case of emergency, ignorant poet's voice was loud in the defense of his tribe and principles, and then enable the Islamic poet of induction A reverence for Islam and its teachings, and split poets Umayyad to parties all committed to his party defends its principles and views, and in the Abbasid era of intellectual and cultural overlap and cross-fertilization of values and principles, and depreciation on the wealth and Allmaiz Dinoah, it was necessary that the faces poets are defending their visions, aspirations, culture and was the son of Rummy one these poets who woul what happened to the community of laceration and class community claimed the lives of a class did not feel the rest of her life And that son al- Rummy was one of those forgotten despite the inimitable genius that saw him the most Critics, so we found that the study of poetry in the light of the (commitment) will reveal to us the versatility of this poet, and his eagerness to reveal some of the religious and social issues Search and split on two demands: the demand which touched my commitment to the concept of language and idiomatically, and then applied the demand we dealt with the religious commitment and social commitment, then the finale of the most important conclusions and a list of sources and references

الكلمات الدلالية

Son al- Rummy --- Commitment --- ابن الرومي --- الالتزام


Article
The Political Commitment Poetry in the Poem of Abdullah Ebin Qaise Al Ruqayyiat.
قصيدة الولاء السياسي في مديح عبد الله بن قيس الرقيات

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الخلاصة

The Thesis of our research is founded on the fact that a poen extoling the Governor praising ,which embraced the Umayyad Islamic rules in order to authorize them mentally to be accepted by society , and the caliphs were directing poets of praise to follow a specific line that is in accordance with specific standards, and not later than the poets responding to such desire as long as they get them in return for donations to the prices measured whether the laudatory term link to the praised caliphs everything religious and sacred . the Umayyad caliphs were retaining their real feelings of threat from peoples who compete on the caliphate and who viewed them as rapists, and so many claimants to the caliphate and multiple currents and political and parties , these parties have adopted in turn try to prove their theory in Islamic poetry . it wes a real loyalty to the caliph is that the mission to the praised caliphate was assingned divinely.


Article
Assess the potential of urban development on the axis Using a suit Hila–Dewanaiy bureaucracy within Ibrahimia hand model
تقييم امكانات التنمية الحضرية على محور طريق حلة – ديوانية ضمن ناحية الابراهيمية أنموذجا

المؤلفون: Awad Aboud Matar عواد عبود مطر
الصفحات: 223-246
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الخلاصة

After the establishment of cultural centers, the growing needs of the population to food, clothing, housing, transportation routes and communications, electricity, water and sewage as well as community services such as health, education, religious services, and the subsequent rise in the level of income and improve the economic level, it all paid residents to work on developing all respect to those services housing, commerce, industry and transportation routes, etc. this is not confined to the population at the present time but extended to a wider than that to develop a five-year plans or decimal by predicting for years to come to meet the growing needs of the population according to the annual population growth rate, and noted that all urban centers deficit significantly in the provision of those services that did not reach the state of denial sometimes, despite the available resources that could be invested properly (optimal) to achieve urban development, especially since most of these urban centers located on the axes of streams or rivers along the main transport and sub-ways.

الكلمات الدلالية

urban development --- the hub --- التنمية الحضرية --- المحور


Article
Humanities and Social Sciences and the Problematics of Values in Scientific Research
العلوم الإنسانية و الاجتماعية و إشكالية القيم في الأبحاث العلمية

المؤلفون: Daraji Zeroukhi الدراجي زروخي
الصفحات: 247-265
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الخلاصة

Scientific research is characterized by rigor, methodology and objectivity, and requires a lot of attention and care. It calls for continuous efforts and great ability of imagination, perseverance and self-control. But before the develloping the scientific approach in its current form, mankind used another kind of thinking, known philosophical thinking . If the scientific thinking is judged as organized and unified thinking, this does not mean that philosophical thinking is unorganized. It is a thinking subject to logical standards, and take into account the consistency of introductions with the final results. Moreover, the philosophical thinking gives more freedom to the mind and less constrained by the standard and controls and it is characterized by a kind of totalitarianism. The separation of scientific thinking came after the maturity of scientific methods, which rationalized and quantified the phenomena and their interpretations. The maturuty of the scientific thinking comes from the succes of natural Sciences, which dealt with realistic physical phenomena and it based on scientistic experimental approach as a way to understand and interpret physical phenomena. After the stunning success of the natural sciences, some scientists and thinkers try the application of the experimental methods in the study of social phenomena which led to the separation between the Sociology of the philosophy. However, the Sociology subjects differ from those of the natural sciences. they are more complex and interconnected, and this is what made the scientific study of the social phenomena known several epistemological obstacles preventing the rationalization of the social phenomena, driving a skepticism in the value of the science of Sociology and its ability to interpret social phenomena using only scientific explanation without the philosophical interpretation. or is it that social studies should return to the field of philosophy. Under these methodological problems, a new challenges for humanities and social sciences have been found as a result of scientific and technical development. So what are these challenges ?

جدول المحتويات السنة: المجلد: العدد: