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مجلة المثنى للعلوم الزراعية

ISSN: 40862226
الجامعة: جامعة المثنى
الكلية: العلوم
اللغة:

This journal is Open Access

حول المجلة

مجلة علمية تم ابتكارها وذلك لنشر البحوث العلمية الخاصة بالكلية

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جدول المحتويات السنة: 2015 المجلد: 4 العدد: 1

Article
Improve the value of netetion findout the chemical treatment and enter it in the diet of poult
أستعمال نسب مختلفة من قشور الرز المعاملة كيميائيأ في الاداء الانتاجي لفروج اللحم

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الخلاصة

Abstract This study was conducted in the field of poultry - College of Agriculture - University of Muthanna to study The effect of replacing laboratories chemically rice husks by maize in diet on some production performance of broiler. Three hundred broiler chicks (Ross 308), one day old. The birds were distributed to four treatment groups with three replicates per treatment (75 birds per treatment), The treatment groups as follow: 1 -first group:- control. 2 - Second group:- Use laboratories chemically rice husks by 5% in the diet. 3 - Third treatment: - Use laboratories chemically rice husks by 7% in the diet. 4 - the fourth treatment:- used laboratories chemically rice husks by 10% in the diet As for the dressing percentage with and without edible viscera and the relative weight of the heart, liver and gizzard the T3 give a significant (P ≤ 0.05) increase compare the rest of treatments, the averages stood at 65.24, 69.63 , 0.325, 1.88 and 2.18 of the traits respectively, as well as higher than the average in the same treatment, the relative weight of main cuts (breast, thigh and drumstick), reaching averages 27.59 , 16.03 and 12.69 of the traits respectively, as for the average weights for secondary cuts (neck, wings and back) the results show superiority of treatment T4 (10% rice husks) on the rest of the experiment treatments, as the percentage averages 27.86 and 12.25 and 5.37 part of the back and neck and wings respectively, and it outperformed the treatment T3 in length and the relative weight of all parts of the small intestine and cecum (duodenal, jejunum and ileum) compared to the control and treatment of (T2 and T4).

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
THE RESPONSE OF SUNFLOWER CROP (Helianthus annuus.L) TO PROLINE UNDER DIFFERENT IRRIGATION INTERVALS
استجابة محصول زهرة الشمس.L Helianthus annuus لمادة البرولين تحت فترات ري مختلفة*

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الخلاصة

ABSTRACT Field experiment was conducted during the fall season of 2014-2015 year in Auffia district southwest of Missan provenance. In order to study the response of sunflower (Helianthus annuus.L) var- flame to Proline amino acid and could elevate shortage of water. The experiment design was R.C.B.D with three replicate, where the treatments arrangement were in split plot design; the whole plots were irrigation intervals (W1=every 10 day; W2=every 15 day and W3=every 20 day), while the subplots were Proline treatment (P0=without spray; P1=50 mg L-1 and P2=100mg L-1). The outcome of results were analysis and the means were separated using L.S.D. The results showed that the interaction between Proline concentration treatment and irrigation treatment were significant in such that when applying 100 mg L1 (P2) and (W2) which applying irrigation every 15 days did not sign significantly from control irrigation which is every(10) days irrigation . This finding would save approximately 44% from irrigation water under the current environmental condition of Auffia-Missan. Also the result showed that the spray Proline 100mg L-1 gave higher number of leave ,head diameter and LAI ;28.6 , 17.48 and 2.28 respectively .Also the same treatment (100mg L -1 Proline) gave the highest seed number per head , 100 seeds weight and grain yield (1003.40 seed , 6.04 g and 3.48 ton h-1) respectively . The result showed applying irrigation every 10 days gave the highest result in all traits under the study.

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Article
Effect of different levels of Phosphate fertilization in yield and components for three cultivars of Wheat crop (Triticum aestivum L.)
تأثير مستويات من السماد الفوسفاتي في الحاصل ومكوناته لثلاثة أصناف من محصول الحنطة (Triticum aestivum L. ) *

المؤلفون: هاشم رشيد مجيد --- سندس كامل جبار
الصفحات: 1-9
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الخلاصة

Abstract A field experiment was conducted during winter season of 2013-2014 at AL- shinana that belong to AL-Qurna about ( 65) Km north Basrha in silty loam soil in orderto determine the best production of the three cultivars of wheat Triticum aestivum L, (Abu Graib-3 , Tammoz – 2 and Latifia ) to determine the best level of phosphate fertilizer (0 , 40 , 80 , 120 kg P2O5 hˉ1 ) ,The experiment design was R C B D with treatments arranged in factorial in three replicates , The results showed that Abu-Graib cultivar was gave the highest of grain yield ( 6,98 ton,hˉ¹ ) with the fertilizer level 120 kg P2O5 hˉ1 compared to the cultivars Tammoz – 2 and Latifia who was given grain yield 6,54 , 6,51 ton,hˉ¹ straight , the increase in grain yield Abu-Graib due to higher yield components number of spike m-2 (638, 86) and 1000- grain weight (31,09 gm),

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Article
Role of foliar fertilization on growth and yield of wheat (Triticumaestivum L.) Planted at different rate of Seed
دور التسميد الورقي في نمو وحاصل الحنطة (Triticumaestivum L.)المزروعة بكميات بذار مختلفة وتأثيرها على صفات الحاصل ومكوناته

المؤلفون: هيثم عبد السلام علي --- تحسين يونس عبود
الصفحات: 1-13
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الخلاصة

Abstract An experiment was conducted in a field at AL-Qurna shire located at 65 km north Al-Basrah province during 2013-2014 winter season in a Silt, loam soil, to study Role of foliar fertilization on growth and yield of wheat (Triticumaestivum L.) planted at different rate of Seed using four foliar levels of 0, 2, 4, and 6 liter ha-1 which were given the following symbols F0, F2, F3, and F4 respectively. Three levels of seeding rates of 100, 120, and 140 kg ha-1 were used which were given the following symbols R1, R2, and R3 respectively. The experiment was conducted using randomized complete block design in a split plot arrangement with four replications. The subplots plots have been allocated for foliar rates whereas the seeding rates have been allocated for main plots. The experiment consists of 12 treatments resulting from the combinations between foliar and seeding rates. The results shows that F2 foliar level gave the highest number of spikes of 575.75 spikes m-2 , number of seeds per spike of 77.22 seed spike-1, 1000 seed weight of 41.38 g, seed yield of 8.16 ton ha-1, biological yield of 21.5 ton ha-1, percentage of protein of 14.80 %, and crude protein yield of 1.21 ton ha-1. Whereas F1 level gave the heights spike efficiency of 83.57%. While F0 foliar level gave the highest harvest index of 35.49%. The result also showed that the R3 seeding rates gave the highest number of spikes of 567.81 spike m-2, spike efficiency of 84.33%, seed yield of 7.95 ton ha-1, and biological yield of 21.05 ton ha-1. The R2 seeding rate gave the highest harvest index of 35.34%. Whereas the R1 seeding rate gave the highest number of seeds per spike of 75.62 seed spike-1, 1000 seed weight of 40.17 g, percentage of protein of 13.86 %. and crude peotein yield of 1.05 ton ha-1. The (F2 x R3) interaction treatment gave the highest number of spikes of 616.75 spike m-2, seed yield of 8.41 ton ha-1, and biological yield of 23.25 ton ha-1. Whilst (F2 x R1) interaction treatment gave the highest 1000 seed weight of 41.88 g number of seeds per spike of 82.02 seed spike-1. While The (F0 x R3) interaction treatment gave the highest spike efficiency of 85.45%. The (F0 x R2) interaction treatment gave the highest harvest index of 36.09 %. The (F2 x R1) interaction treatment gave the highest percentage of protein of 15.42 %. The (F02 x R2) interaction treatment gave the highest crude peotein yield of 1.23 ton ha-1.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Effect application of Nitrogen & phosphor fertilizers on yield & yield components of maize Zea Mays L.
تأثير أضافة الأسمدة النتروجينية والفوسفاتية على الحاصل ومكوناته لمحصول الذرة الصفراء Zea mays L.

المؤلفون: خولة داود كاطع --- كاظم كطامي الاسدي
الصفحات: 1-11
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الخلاصة

Summery Field experiment were connected in Hartha experiment station –agriculture college –Basra university during the fall 2012 growing season to study effects of Urea(46% N) & super phosphate (P2O5 42% P ) fertilizers on characteristics yield & components of Zea Mays L.(hybrid 3001) the experiment held in 1/8/2012 .use three levels of nitrogen {urea} (100 , 200 , 300) Kg /ha and four levels of phosphor (40 ,50, 60,70) Kg /ha .the experimental design was R.C.B.D and the treatments were in split – plot arrangement with three replicates .the results showed that there was significant grain yield among two fertilizers in the same time the fertilizers effect on plant heights ,L.A.I , and weight of 500 grain (gm) and grain yield (gm).the interaction was significant effect .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
New low cost feed manufacturing for chicken meat from the waste of Iraqi rice husk
تصنيع اعلاف جديدة واطئة الكلفة لفروج اللحم من مخلفات الرز العراقي

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الخلاصة

Abstract This study was conducted in the field of poultry - College of Agriculture - University of Muthanna to study The effect of replacing laboratories chemically rice husks by maize in diet on some production performance of broiler. Three hundred broiler chicks (Ross 308), one day old. The birds were distributed to four treatment groups with three replicates per treatment (75 birds per treatment), The treatment groups as follow: 1 - the first group:- control. 2 - Second group:- Use laboratories chemically rice husks by 5% in the diet. 3 - Third treatment: - Use laboratories chemically rice husks by 7% in the diet. 4 - the fourth treatment:- used laboratories chemically rice husks by 10% in the diet. The results showed non-significant among treatments during the first and second week of the age of the bird in week body weight, weight gain, feed consumption and feed conversion. In the fourth and fifth week of bird age, the T3 give a significant (P ≤ 0.05) increase of live body weight, weight gain and feed conversion compare with another treatment, as the percentage averages 1082.53 and 1776.51 for weekly body weight, 491.98 and 693.98 to the average weekly weight gain, 1.61 and 171 for the average feed conversion ratio, 792.09 and 1179.77 for the average weekly consumption of control treatment comparison T3. T3 treatment also gave the lowest average proportion of total mortality was 1.33 and the highest was 319.00 a production index.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Estimations of some methods to induce heat stress on some productive performance of broiler
تقيم طرق مختلفة في تقليل اثر الاجهاد الحراري على بعض الصفات الانتاجية للفروج اللحم

المؤلفون: رياض كاظم موسى --- مغارب محمد جادر
الصفحات: 1-17
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الخلاصة

Summary This experiment was carried out at the poultry field of animal resource department, college of agriculture, university of Basrah May1st, to4-6 July, 2014. The objective of this experiment was to evaluate may treatments as a method to decrease the influence of heat stress on the productive performance and some blood physiological characteristics of broiler, a total of 216 un sexed one day old chicks of Ross breed at hatchability old were used in this experiment, chicks were randomly distributed into six treatments (three replicates, each of 12 birds) for each treatment. The treatments were as follows: 1. First treatment (T1); the control group without any supplement. 2. Second treatment (T2); supplement 1.5 ml of prebiotic per 1 liter of water for each chick and ad libitum feeding. 3. Third treatment (T3); supplement 500 mg of vitaminC per 1 liter of water for each chick and ad lbilum feeding . 4. Fourth treatment (T4); supplement 200 mg of vitamin E per 1 liter of water for each chick and ad lbitum feeding . 5. Fifth treatment (T5); supplement 600 mg of potassium chloride (kcl) per 1 liter of water for each chick and ad libitum feeding . 6. Sixth treatment (T6); fasting for 24 hours and follow up with ad lab tium feeding for24th hours The results can be summarized as follows; 1. There was insignificantly(P<0.05) effect of treatments of heat- stress decrease on some productive and traits of broiler all treatments proceeded significantly (P<0.05) compared to the control group in most of productive traits. 2. There was a significantly increase in body weight, weekly weight gain, feed intake and feed conversion ratio of vitamin c adding treatment in comparison with other treatment of the experiments. 3-There was high significant increase (p<0.05) on mortality of the control treatment, the lowest mean recorded on the treatment use of fastingFor24 th hours and follow with ad labtium feeding.

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Article
Effect of adding Cinnamomum cassia powder to the ration on some blood physiological parameters of broiler Ross 308
تأثير إضافة مسحوق الدارسين Cinnamomum cassia ) ) إلى العليقة في بعض الصفات الفسلجية لدم فروج اللحم Ross 308

المؤلفون: نهاد عبد اللطيف علي --- علي جواد رزوقي
الصفحات: 1-12
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الخلاصة

Abstract This study was conducted at Poultry Farm of Animal Resources Dept., College of Agriculture, University of AL-Qasim Green to investigate the effect of adding Cinnamomum cassia powder to the ration on some blood parameters physiological parameters of broiler Ross 308 . Ninety broiler chicks one day old Ross 308 were randomly distributed to three treatments (by 3 replicates per treatment and 10 chicks per replicate), The treatments were as follows : ( first treatment) without adding Cinnamomum zeylanicum powder to the diet, add Cinnamomum cassia powder by 2.0 g / kg feed (second treatment) and add Cinnamomum cassia powder by 2.5 g / kg feed ( Third treatment) . Blood traits included in this study were white blood cell counts, differential leucocyte count and concentrations of glucose, protein and cholesterol in blood plasma. The results indicated that the addition of Cinnamomum cassia powder at the level of 2.0 and 2.5 g / kg feed to broiler diet led to a significant improvement (p < 0.05) of white blood cell counts, but significant decrease (p < 0.05) in hetrophil to lymphocyte ratio and concentrations of glucose . in blood, treatment with Cinnamomum cassia powder resulted in significant (p < 0.05) increase in the protein amount of level but significant decrease ( p < 0.05) in plasma cholesterol as compared to control group. Concluded from this experience, that the addition of Cinnamomum cassia powder to the diet can be lead to improve some blood characteristics of broiler chicks .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
The effect of using different ways to provide the Iraqi probiotic(IP) on some carcass characteristics of broiler chicks
تأثير استخدام طرائق مختلفة لتقديم المعزز الحيوي العراقي في بعض صفات ذبائح فروج اللحم

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الخلاصة

Abstract This study was conducted at a poultry farm of the Agriculture College / AL-Muthanna University to investigate the effect of using different ways to provide the Iraqi probiotic in some carcass characteristics. A total of 360 Ross 308 broiler chicks, one day old were used and randomly allocated to six treatment groups (3 replicates per group; 25 chicks for each). The treatments were as follows: T1(control group), T2(spraying Chicks with Iraqi probiotic at one day old), T3(Oral dosage of chicks with Iraqi probiotic at one day old), T4(injecting chicks with Iraqi probiotic in vent opening at one day old), T5(providing Iraqi probiotic with feed (1g/kg) from one day old to marketing age), T6(providing Iraqi probiotic with drinking water (1g/L) from one day old to marketing age). The results showed that continous supplimentation of IP via drinking water or feed were significantly (P≤0.05) increased the dressing percentages and all primery carcass cuts,(breast,drum and thigh) percentages of broiler chicks. All Iraqi probiotics providing treatments had been given the best results significantly (P≤0.05) compared with the control treatment of all traits in this study.

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Article
EXTRACTION AND DETECTION OF ACTIVE SUBSTANCES IN THYME PLANT (THYMUS VULGARIS) AND STUDY ITS ANTIBACTERIAL EFFECTIVENESS AGAINST URINARY TRACT BACTERIAL ISOLATES.
استخلاص وكشف المركبات الفعالة في نبات الزعتر (Thymus vulgaris) ودراسة فعاليتها المضادة للجراثيم المعزولة من الجهاز البولي

المؤلفون: حيدر حسين عبد
الصفحات: 1-13
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الخلاصة

Abstract Thymus vulgaris L. (Thyme) is an aromatic plant which has been used since ancient times for its culinary and medicinal effects almost in different places in the world. In Medicine, it is used as antispasmolytic, antibacterial, antifungal, expectorant, and antiseptic. The aim of study to evaluate the antibacterial effectiveness of various extracts of thymus vulgaris on two species of bacteria (Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus ) , which has been isolated from patients with urinary tract infection . Qualitative detection was carried to detect some effective chemical compounds in all extracts. It was found that it contains phenols , flavonoids , tannins , proteins and carbohydrate . All extracts in concentration 150 mg/ml showed inhibitory effect against urinary tract bacterial isolates and inhibition with variation diameters .The results of this study revealed that the hot water extraxt (150mg/ml) showed the highest inhibitory effect on both bacterial isolates(Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus ) in 23 mm and 18 mm a diameter respectively. In conclusion this study approved the antibacterial effectiveness of thymus vulgaris against urinary tract bacterial isolates .

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Article
دراسة المكونات الكيميائية وتركيز بروتين اللاكتوفيرين اللايسوزايم في النوق العراقية

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الخلاصة

ABSTRACT This study has been cenducted implemented in the animals research station of the college of agriculture, university of Al Muthanna between 20/09/2014 to 20/6/2014 where 8 camels were selected at same sesson. All the 8 she -camels have the same weight and the age in order to estimate chemical competent of she- camels milk ( fat, proteins, lactose, non fat dry content and non dry matter) and in addition to identify the lactiphine laysisioum proteins which has immunization potential in the Iraqi she-camels. All the samples were collected during the two months of the milking session and for 10 months. The samples where tested chemically by the milk testing device ( lactoscan) of EON company. The proteins levels where assessed by using the immunization radiation diffusion method. The results have been analyzed by using the statistical analyzer ( SAS 2004) and the different where tested by multiple level Ducan test. The results appear ahigh concentrations of the milk contents and Lactopine laysosuim concentration were high at the beginning of the milking session and low at the end of the milking session where the fats, proteins , non fat dry matter & total dry matter were about 0.15±3.37, 0.11±2.44, 0.12±4.64, 0.30±6.92, 0.19±10.45 respectively and the stage of lactate production month has effected (P≤0.05) on all of the studied parameters.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
دراسة بعض الصفات الكيميائية والفيزيائية لحليب الأبل العراقية

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الخلاصة

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Pollycultur densities of Common carp and Silver Carp in floating cages Muthanna province _ theEuphrates River.*
الاستزراع المختلط لكثافات متعددة لسمك الكارب الشائعL. Cyprinus caripio والكارب الفضي Hypophthalmichthys molitrix في الأقفاص العائمة في نهر الفرات _محافظة المثنى*

المؤلفون: طه ياسين فرحان --- لؤي محمد عباس
الصفحات: 1-11
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الخلاصة

Abstract This study was conducted to demonstrate the impact of the cultivation of different densities to the thickness of common carp and silver carp mixed education of some of the growth indicators in floating cages and distributed (680 fish Carp common , 120 Carp Silver) Weights ranged from 10_15 g on four pilot transactions consisted of the treatment of the first control (T1 intensity cultivated 50 fish / m³ Carp common) and the second treatment (T2 intensity farming 45 fish / m³ Carp common , 5 fish / m³ Carp Silver) thirdtreatment (T3 intensity farming 40 fish / m³ common Carp , 10 fish / m³ Carp Silver) fourth treatment (T4 intensity farming 35 fish / m³ common Carp, 15 fish / m³ Carp Silver) I used to experience four cages made of galvanized iron with a one-size cage 4m³.The experiment lasted for four months starting from 01/10/2014 to 30/01/2015.Fish fed the four treatment on the same bush business locally manufactured, weight was measured every 15 days and evaluated according to the study criteria for growth (weight gain rate, and the rate of relative growth, specific growth rate, feed conversion rate, the proportion of protein) efficiency. The study showed that the best growth indicators obtained in the third and fourth treatment with culture density of at least common Carp with the increase in the proportion of silver carp.

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Article
Effect of extract of Allium sativium on some biochimstry and immunological characters in Haberd broiler
دراسة تاثير استخدام المستخلص المائي لنبات الثوم على بعض الصفات الكيموحيوية والمناعية لفروج اللحم نوع هابرد كلاسك والمغذى على عليقة حاوية على جرع قاتلة من الافلاتوكسينات

المؤلفون: علي سامي امين
الصفحات: 1-9
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الخلاصة

Abstract A study was conducted at poultry farm /department of animal production /Agriculture college / Al-Qadisya university to study the effect of Allium sativum on some biochimstry and immunological character in Haberd broiler which feed meal contain mycotoxin type Aflatoxin. Four hundred of broiler were used and divided into four treatment (0,2,4,8) G/ L. Biochimistry and immunological traits in this study concentration of glucose,total protein ,cholestrol,try glysride ,AIV ,NDV and IBV.The result reveald that drinking extract garlic (T4 and T3) lead to highly significant increase (p<0.01) in AIV ,NDV and IBV compared with control treatment (T1). highly significant decrease (p<0.01) in concentration of glucose ,cholesrol and tri glesride as compared with control (T1) . Result showed the best significance by usd different concentration of extract garlic in studed traits.

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Article
تأثيرالتسميد بالبوتاسيوم والرش بالسماد العضوي السائل وحامض الساليسيلك في نمو وحاصل قرع الكوسة Cucurbita pepo L.

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الخلاصة

Abstract This study was conducted at the fields Agricultural experiment and Researches station - College of Agriculture - University of Al-Muthana , for autumn and spring season, 2013 – 2014 . The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of potassium fertilization as (K2S04) at four levels added befor sowing .Rates of potassium were 1/4 , 1/2 , 3/4 and 1 from the recommended amount was ( 580 Kg Hec. -1 ) and they are ( quarter , half , three quarter and all the amount of the fertilizers ) which is ( K1 , K2 , K3 and K 4 ) respectively . Foliar application of organic fertilizer with Algaton at three levels 0 , 1 , 2 ml L-1 as (A0 , A1 and A2 ) respectively. The foliar application were conducted at four stages ( 1 – 2 ) weeks after planting , at the beginning of flowering , during the fruit stage and after 2 weeks at the previous spray , Three levels of salicylic acid ( 0 , 2 and 4 mm L-1 ) which were ( S0 , S2 and S4 ) consequently . Applied after one week from the application of organic fertilizers , on the morphological, physiological , yield characters of Cucarbita pepo cv. Ardendo RCBD was adapted with three replications , means were compared using L.S.D at 0.05 level of significant. There was a significant increas in the vegetative characters, plant height , NPK content in leaves , prolein content , fruits number and plant yield . The highest value of these parameter was under the influence of K4 , A2 and S4

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Article
التنبؤ بالفجوة الغذائية لمحصولي القمح والرز في العراق باستخدام طريقة بوكس جنكنز ARIMA للمدة 2014-2022

المؤلفون: حيدر حميد الكعبي --- علي درب الحيالي
الصفحات: 1-21
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الخلاصة

Abstract The prediction of the most important goals in the economic quantitative studies, as it basis in planning and drawing future economic policies properly process, and based planning process over the forecasting accuracy, and used methods of several to generate economic forecasts, and perhaps is the most important of these methods is a method of Box-Jenkins ARIMA, has This method was adopted in this study to predict the food gap of wheat and rice in Iraq for the period (2022-2014), was chosen the model (1,2,1) , (1,1,0) of wheat and rice, respectively, being the most appropriate of several models It gave a lower value to the standard predictive accuracy RMSE, which amounted to about 6222741, 85390 for each model of wheat and rice respectively. And the predicted values showed the continued existence of the food gap of two crops which requires the development of a policy to eliminate this gap ,whether to increase production or modify consumption patterns as well as providing the necessary funds to cover the deficit in these crops through imports.

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Article
التنبؤ بالفجوة الغذائية لمحصولي القمح والرز في العراق باستخدام طريقة الشبكات العصبية الاصطناعية ANN للمدة 2014-2022

المؤلفون: حيدر حميد الكعبي --- علي درب الحيالي
الصفحات: 1-21
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الخلاصة

Abstract The prediction is one of the most important goals in the economic quantitative studies ,as it basis in planning and drawing the future economic policies properly process ,and planning process depend upon the forecasting accuracy ,and there are several methods to generate the economic forecasts , and perhaps the most important of these methods and the most recent is artificial neural networks ,which showed high accuracy outperformed the rest of the methods in several experiments ,therefore adopted this method in this study to predict the food gap of wheat and rice in Iraq for the period (2014-2022) ,the two models were are chosen ( 3-15-1 ) and ( 2.10.1 ) of wheat and rice respectively, because they are most appropriate among several models and they given less value to the criterion of predictive accuracy RMSE , which stood at about (348) (35) respectively of wheat and rice. And the predicted values showed the continued existence of the food gap of two crops which requires the development of a policy to eliminate this gap ,whether to increase production or justify consumption patterns as well as providing the necessary funds to cover the deficit in these crops through imports.

الكلمات الدلالية

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