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مجلة المثنى للعلوم الزراعية

ISSN: 40862226
الجامعة: جامعة المثنى
الكلية: العلوم
اللغة:

This journal is Open Access

حول المجلة

مجلة علمية تم ابتكارها وذلك لنشر البحوث العلمية الخاصة بالكلية

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جدول المحتويات السنة: 2016 المجلد: 4 العدد: 1

Article
The Interaction Effect between Inoculation with local Azotobacter Isolates and Ristrat application on the Numbers of bacteria in soil and growth of Barley
تاثير التداخل بين التلقيح بعزلات محلية من الازوتوباكتر واضافة مبيد الرونستار في أعداد البكتيريا في التربة ونمو نبات الشعير

المؤلفون: محمد سعيد حران --- علي سالم حسين
الصفحات: 1-16
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الخلاصة

The study was conducted to isolate Azotobacter chroococcum from ten rhizospher soil from different crops from Dhi Qar and was it province, five samples were collected from soil which were treated previously with pesticides and other five samples were collected from soil not treated with pesticides in order to use these Azotobacter isolates as biofertilizer and study it is effect on the growth of barley. The results showed that the plant hight and shoot & Root dry weight were increused due to inoculation with Azotobacter and the highest value were re corded with isolates B3 and B4 in compare with B9 and B10 isolates which gave the lowest value. The increasf of Ristart concentration from zero to 1500,3000 and 6000 cm3.ha-1 were caused significently elecreasing in shoot dry weight to (61.65,54.88 and 36.84)% respectively while the root dry weight were decreased to (52.00,41.33 and 26.66)% for three above concentrations. The Ristart pesticide caued significantly decrease the Azotobacter numbers after 60 days of planting and the height olensity were re corded with the isolates B3 and B4 isolates compare with B19 &B10 isolates which gave the lowest numbers.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
In vitro maturation of Local goat oocytes using different concentration of sheep follicular fluid
الإنضاج المختبري لبويضات الماعز المحلي باستعمال تراكيز مختلفة من السائل الحويصلي للأغنام ( SFF)

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الخلاصة

Abstract This study was conducted by two experiments in the Laboratory of graduate depart of Animal Resources / collage of Agriculture / University of AL muthanna to investigate the effect of Sheep follicular fluid (SFF(with different concentration (0% ,5%, 10%, 15%) to the SMART media as a culture media for In vitro maturation (IVM) After collection from the follicles , the follicular fluid was subjected to inactivation process and supplied with antibiotics (penicillin and streptomycin), then preserved in the Refrigerater under 5c to the time of use The result of IVM shows the concentration 15% SFF was significantly(p<0.05) increase the percent of IVM (59%±0.5) of the Oocyte with cumulus cells compared with the anther concentration 0%,5% and 10% 48 ±0.5, 47 ±0.4 50 ±0.4% Respectively. and non-significantly deference between all concentration of SFF on the percent of IVM of the Oocyte without cumulus cells.

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Article
EFFECT OF DIFFERENT LEVELS AND DATES FROM AGRICULTURAL SULFUR IN THE AVALIABLE IRON IN THE SOIL AND ITS CONTANING IN PLANT FOR TWO CULTIVARS OF WHEAT
تأثير مستويات ومواعيد مختلفة من الكبريت الزراعي في الحديد الجاهز في التربة ومحتواه في والنبات لصنفين من الحنطة

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الخلاصة

Abstract: A field experiment was conducted in an field of the wheat research station that located in the Al-Warka locality northeast of Al-Muthanna province during the autumn season 2014-2015 in order to study the effect of different dates and levels of agricultural sulfur that added to the soil planted with a two cultivars of wheat Triticum aestivum L. on available iron and its content in plant before planting stage and at flowering. A randomized complete block design with a style of split split plot with three replicates. The results showed that the agricultural sulfur addition at level 2000 Kg S ha-1 was a significant effect to increasing the soil contain of available iron before planting and at flowering because of its effect of decrease pH soil were its values was 7.14 and 7.25 for the both stages before planting and at flowering sequentially, the level 2000 Kg S ha-1 gave the highest mean of iron in the soil which were 4.15 and 4.05 mgFe kg-1 soil, the added date in September gives a highest mean for the avaliable iron in the soil before planting which were 3.68 mgFe kg-1 soil, also the added date in December gave a highest mean for the avaliable iron in the soil which were 3.27 mgFe kg-1 soil in flowering stage. Achieved the level of added 2000 Kg S ha-1 and the added date in December the height mean of iron in the plant which were sequentially 628.7 and 553.44 mgFe kg-1 dry matter in the flowering stage. And about the cultivars, IPA-99 gave the highest mean of available iron in the soil in flowering stage which were 3.20 mgFe Kg-1 soil, the cultivars did not affect significantly in iron content of plant in the stage of flowering. Interaction between the added levels, added dates and cultivars gave the highest means for the available iron before planting and at flowering.

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Article
Effect of magnetic treated irrigation water on the chemical properties of saline soil planted with Barley
تاثير معالجة مياه الري مغناطيسيا في بعض الصفات الكيميائية لتربة ملحية مزروعة بالشعير

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الخلاصة

Abstract A plot experiment had been carry out in Qadisiyah University / Faculty of Agriculture on November 4014 to study the effect of four levels of irrigation water magnetically on some chemical characteristics of the soil and the barley growth cultivated in saline soil (Silty Clay Loam)which put in pots 18 kg .Irrigation water treatments including use Magnetic devises which have capacity 500,1000 and 1500 gauss, as well as the control treatment. The irrigated with a treat water magnetically when the soil lost 30% from available water. Results of statistical analysis showed that the treatment water magnetically did not significantly affect all the characteristics which are (EC,PH,SAR, the percentage of total calcium carbonate, gypsum dissolved, sodium dissolved, calcium dissolved, magnesium dissolved, potassium dissolved, chlorine dissolved, bicarbonates dissolved and sulfate dissolved) compared with irrigation water Control.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
The role of Bacterial Inoculation For Mung Bean Crop Vigni radiata L. And its Effect in increasing The Productivity
دور اللقاح البكتيري في محصول الماش Vigni radiate L. واثره في زيادة إنتاجية محصول الحنطة Triticum aestivum L.

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الخلاصة

Abstract Implemented field experience in Rumaitha research station northeast of Center City of Samawah during agricultural season 2014-2015 ,to learn the role of bacterial inoculation for mung bean and crop impact in increasing the productivity of wheat and crop cultivation study included mung bean in summer and where mung bean crop pollinators to the bacteria Rhizobium leguminosarum and mung bean without bacterial inoculation in winter season was the wheat crop which included two varieties of wheat (Abba-99 and Rasheed ) and planted in three transactions is the treatment of mung bean pollinators and the mung bean treatment non-pollinators and treatment comparison,applied experiment using factorial design experiment full randomized R.C.B.D sectors in three replicates ,both summer and winter seasons ,the summer season has overtaken mung bean pollinators moral treatment to treat mung bean non-pollinators in all qualities,either in winter season results showed variation among varieties of wheat ,morally certain traits studied ,As Rasheed variet highest average for most of the traits studied weight 1000 grain and grain yield and harvest index and grain content of phosphorus (%) and Grain content of potassium (%) Compared with the abba-99 variet ,given the treatment of mung bean in pollinators the highest qualities weight of 1000 grain and grain yield and harvest index and grain protein content and grain content of phosphorus (%) and Grain content of potassium (%) of treated mung bean vaccinated and others compared the average 51.13 gm and 6.169 tons.h-1 and 32.45% and 9.11% and 1.256% and 2.956% sequentially ,and outperformed non-inocalated mung bean transaction to transaction comparison in all qualities.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Evaluation of Water Euphrates River At Al-Khidir City District - Al- Muthanna Governorate – Iraq .
تقويم نوعية مياه نهر الفرات عند مدينة قضاء الخضر – محافظة المثنى – العراق .

المؤلفون: علي عبد الغني كاظم الخزرجي
الصفحات: 1-18
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الخلاصة

This study was conducted to investigate some physical – chemical and bacteriological proprieties for Three Stations In Al-Khidir District , First station Was before enter river city , Second Station , In city center , Third station , After the river out of city. samples were obtained during February , 2015 To June 2015 . The results showed that Stations water quality were Respectively : The temperature were ( 21.2 – 21.3 c○ ) , Turbidity ( 9.29 – 9.87 N.T.U ) , Dissolved oxygen ( 9.8 – 10.36 mg - L ) , Biological demand oxygen ( 2.5 – 3.14 mg - L ) , pH ( 7.9 – 8.0 ) , Electrical conductivity ( 4283.92 – 4351.0 µS - cm ) , Salinity ( 2.68 – 2.72 p.p.t ) , Total dissolved solids ( 2741.7 - 2784.6 mg - L ) , Total Aerobic Bacteria were ( 101.1 – 164.1 cell * 10-3 ) , Total coliform Bacteria ( 42.4 – 69.7 cell * 10-3 ) , Fecal coliform Bacteria ( 50.7 – 77.3 cell * 10-3 ) . which has below the maximum allowed limits for drinking water and Other Uses . Statistical analysis showed there are not significant differences among the means of studied proprieties of all stations of water expect Dissolved oxygen

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Article
THE IMPACT OF CLIMATE VARIABILITY ON CLIMATE FACTOR (WIND EROSIVITY) IN WIND EROSION EQUATION IN DIFFERENT REGIONS OF IRAQ
تأثير التغاير المناخي على عامل المناخ (قدرة الريح لإحداث التعرية) في المعادلة العامة للتعرية الريحية في بعض مناطق العراق

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الخلاصة

Abstract This study aimed to identify the direction of rainfall amount changes for selected regions north and south of Iraq (Mosul, Kirkuk, Samawa) for 31 years period during (1983-2013) and the impact of the wind erosivity climatic factor (C) and see the effect of wind speed to get to the most influential factor in the wind erosivity on. The results showed that the amount of rainfall decreased in Mosul and Kirkuk by an average of 300.78 and 284.08 mm, respectively, while increased in Samawa by an average of 105.27 mm, also drought coefficient (actual value of Precipitation) directed to decrease in the undulating region (Mosul and Kirkuk) to reach 17.88 and 18.17 degrees within a very dry desert climate foreshadowing to the sovereignty of the scope of desertification conditions in these regions. While drought coefficient remained in the southern (Samawah) within the limits of 6-7 very dry climate and desert plant life. This climatic change has increased the values of wind erosivity climatic factor in the regions of Mosul and Kirkuk, but it is still weak an average of 3.72 and 11.18 degrees respectively. While wind erosivity in Samawa reached very high level values by 177 degrees. Results yielded in the inverse relationship between the average annual rainfall and drought coefficient with the wind erosivity and direct relationship between wind speed and wind erosivity in all regions. The results showed an approximate impact for rain, coefficient of drought and wind speed in the wind erosivity in of Mosul and Kirkuk regions. Wile wind speed was most factor influencing in the wind erosivity in Samawa (driest region) due to increased wind speed rates.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Effect Salicylic acid treatment in improving wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) and chickpeas (Cicer arietinum L.) under salt stress conditions
(Triticum aestivum L.) تأثير المعاملة بحامض الساليسيليك في تحسين تحمل بادرات الحنطة والحمص(Cicer arietinum L.) للإجهاد الملحي

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الخلاصة

Abstract : The Experiment carried out to study the effect treatment of acid salicylic in improving wheat and chickpea plants in the germination stage and seedling growth under salt stress during the agricultural season 2015-2016, designed the experiments according to the randomized complete design and included two types of crops: the first crop of wheat (Abu Ghraib) The second crop is chickpea plant (local variety) and the experimental work involved the first laboratory to determine the optimal concentration of salicylic acid (SA) in germination and growth of seedlings crop wheat, chickpeas stage was measured by the percentage of germination and length of shoot and root (mm) after the 3.5.7 days from sowing .The Experiment carried out by using sodium chloride, according to randomized complete design (0ds | m, 2ds | m, 4dS | m, 6dS | m, 8dS | m) by three replications , the percentage of germination of the length of the shoot (cm ), root length (cm), shoot fresh and dry weight (g), the weight of root wet and dry (g) after 20 days from sowing. the relative water content, chlorophyll concentration in the leaves were measured. the results showed the following: increased concentrations of salt to decrease percentage of germination and shoot and root length and wet and dry weight of wheat, chickpeas plants, as well as treatment seeds by acid salicylic (1.5 mM) before planting improved values for all the studied indicators : length of shoot and root, wet and dry weight , The relative content water and concentration of chlorophyll.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Effect of using three types of probiotic in the diet of common carp Cyprinus carpio L. reared in closed water system
تأثير استخدام ثلاث انواع من المعزز الحيوي في علائق اسماك الكارب العادي.L Cyprinus carpio المرباة في انظمة المياة الدوارة المغلقة

المؤلفون: علي حسين سلمان --- امال ثامر مكي الكعبي
الصفحات: 1-11
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الخلاصة

Abstract This study carried out to determine the effect of using three different types of probiotic in diets of Common Carp Cyprinus carpio L. ,fish, A total of 60 common carp Cyprinus carpio L. with average weight (45.14±2.36 gm/fish) for 60 days on four experimental diets were assigned randomly into four groups of three replicates for each group, each replicate included 5 fishes. Diet 1 was the control (T1), without probiotic. Chinese probiotic added at level 2g/kg for diet (T2), 2gm/kg of Iraqi probiotics for diet 3 (T3) and 2gm/kg of Korean probiotic for diet 4 (T4). The results showed a significant increase in the Final Weight Rates (56.88±0.74). distinction in Weight Gain (WG) (11.44±0.494). Weekly Weight Gain (WWG) (2.86±0.123), improved the Food Conversion Rate (FCR) (, Efficiency of Feed Conversion (EFC) , the amount of Food Intake(FI) , Relative Growth Rate (RGR) (4.00±1.72), Specific Growth Rate (SGR), and decreased the mortality, there were improved in blood characteristic included Erythrocyte and leukocyte count (RBC and WBC), Packed Cell Volume (PCV) and Hemoglobin (Hb). of the second treatment (Chinese probiotic) compared to the another treatment, the study showed that the second treatment the best values for all diets and that the proportion of added the Chinese probiotic 2g/kg feed had a positive effect for all the studied parameters.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
The effect of different levels of myrtle leaves water extract on some histological and morphological traits of broiler chickens
تأثير استخدام مستويات مختلفة من المستخلص المائي لأوراق الآس فيبعض الصفات النسيجية والمورفولوجية لفروج اللحم

المؤلفون: زمن خضر فرعون --- جاسم قاسم مناتي
الصفحات: 1-12
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الخلاصة

Abstract This study was conducted to determine the effect of the use of an aqueous extract of myrtle leaf boiled in some histological and morphological traits of broiler chicks. A total of 240 chicks one day old Ross 308 broiler chickens. Chicks were randomly distributed to four treatments by 60 chicks per treatment with three replicates (20 chicks per replicate) were rearing in the batteries containing the cage dimensions of 1.5 × 1.0 m. The treatments were as follows: 1. The first treatment (control treatment without any addition). 2. The second treatment: Add aqueous extract of myrtle leaf at 100 ml /liter of drinking water. 3. Third treatment: Add aqueous extract of myrtle leaf at 200 ml /liter of drinking water. 4. The fourth treatment: Add aqueous extract of myrtle leaf at 300 ml /liter of drinking water. The results showedthe following :that treatment cased a significant p≤0.05 in weight and the relative length in duodenal, jejunum, ileum and secum, with a significant increase (p≤0.05)in the length of villi and depth of the crypts of bird populations in aqueous extract of myrtle leaves treatments in comparison with control.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
EFFECT OF PLOWING AND PLANTING METHODS ON THE GROWTH AND PRODUCTION OF CORN CROP ( ZEA MAYS L.)
دراسة تأثير نظم الحراثة وطرائق الزراعة في نمو وحاصل الذرة الصفراء ( Zea mays L. )

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الخلاصة

Abstract field experiments were conducted in Almdiana district in autumn season 2014 – 2015 in ALmalha Irrigation project , to study the effect of the plowing and planting methods on the growth and production of corn crop ( Zea mays L.) . The plowing methods represent the main plots while the planting methods represent the sub-plots .The plowing method includes four plows namely, subsoiler , combined subsoiler , moldboard plow , harrowing chisel and zero tillage. The methods of planting include rows and furrows , The results were analyzed using complete randomize design within split – plots. The results also showed that the plowing and planting methods significantly Effected the plant growth and production parameters , while the interaction was not significant in its effect on the studied parameters except the seed production of signal plant . The combined subsoiler surpassed the other plowing methods in all plant parameters studied which they are plant height , leaf area, number of ears per plant , seeds production per signal plant and seed production , biological production , number of seeds per row and weight of 500 seeds . It gave the highest values which they are 129.6 cm , 10531.9 cm2, 1.667 ears per plant-1 , 166 g.plant-1 , 6684.16 kg.ha-1 , 14.187 kg.ha-1, and 113.70 g respectively. The combined subsoiler recorded the highest seeds per ear while zero tillage recorded the lowest values which they are 89.8 cm , 6489.0 cm2 , 1.000 ear per plant-1, 92 g.plant-1 , 3975.21kg.ha-1, 12.468 kg.ha-1 , and 85.70 g respectively For planting methods , the furrows planting method surpassed the rows planting method in giving highest values of studied parameters . The values are 121.4 cm , 8803.5 cm2, 1.333 ears per plant-1, 138 g.plant-1 , 5180.18 kg.ha-1, 13.63 kg.ha-1, 100.66g respectively , Expect number of seeds per row surpassed furrows planting it gave the highest value (27.40) while the rows planting give lowest value (27.00) of seeds number per rows , whereas the row planting method gave the lowest values . The other plowing methods significantly Effected the plant parameters . The results showed that the moldboard plow and the subsoiler gave the highest value after the combined subsoiler while the results were very dose for harrowing chisel and zero tillage with small domination for the harrowing chisel in some parameters .

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Article
Effect Using a Foreign Stains of Bacterial Inoculation Rhizobum leguminosarum and Application Methods on the Broad Bean (Vicia faba)
دراسة تأثير إضافة اللقاح البكتيري باستخدام سلالات الرايزوبيا المستوردة R.leguminosarum وطريقة الاضافه في نمو الباقلاء Vicia faba

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الخلاصة

Abstract The pots experiment was carried out under greenhouse conditions at College of Agriculture of Al-Muthana University during 2013 season to investigate the interaction effects of using two foreign strains of bacteria R.leguminosarun were obtained from International Centre for Agriculture Research in the Dry Land (ICARD) and three methods to application of the inoculant (carrier, infusion seeds, soil injection), by using plastic pots of 10 kg capacity contained soil to evaluate the effect of inoculation broad bean plants A strains diagnosed by testes biochemical, Microscopically and morphological characteristics. The results showed that all strains are belonged to the R.Leguminosarum biovar Vicia and take symbols foreign strains R467, R483. The parameters recording at two stages (65 and 105) day the number of nodule and dry matter weight of stem, dry matter weight of roots, plant height were recorded. The treatments means were compared by using L.S.D. and three replications for each treatment and the completely randomized design (CRD).The results obtained from experiments the biochemistry test proved that the two strains belong to the genes Rhizobium The inoculated plants had higher measurements in all examined plant parameters than the uninoculated ones. The interaction effects of inoculant (R483+ Carrier) showed the highest influence on increasing all characters.

الكلمات الدلالية

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