جدول المحتويات

مجلة كلية التربية الأساسية للعلوم التربوية والإنسانية

ISSN: 23043717 23128003
الجامعة: جامعة بابل
الكلية: التربية الاساسية
اللغة: Arabic

This journal is Open Access

حول المجلة

المجلة تهتم بالبحوث العلمية في المجالات التربوية والإنسانية، وهي مجلة فصلية تصدر كل ٣ أشهر، وصدر أول عدد في عام ٢٠٠٩م، تخضع البحوث المنشورة إلى تقويم علمي من قبل مختصين في مجال البحث المراد نشره قبل عملية النشر.

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معلومات الاتصال

mcbe_babylon@yahoo.com
07801733667

جدول المحتويات السنة: 2017 المجلد: العدد: 36

Article
THE MARABAR CAVES: THEIR IMPLICATIONS IN THE ENCOUNTER IMPASSE BETWEEN WEST AND EAST
كهوف مارابار: آثارها المترتبة في معضلة لقاء الغرب بالشرق

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الخلاصة

The Marabar caves of Chandrapore constitute the central part of E. M. Forster’s A Passage to India where the entire events revolve around them. The presence of the caves in the first section, then the setting of the second section, and finally most part of section three refers to their powerful significance in the structure of the narrative. E. M. Forester utilizes the tragic event in the caves to cast light on the impossibility of establishing friendship between East and West as long as India suffers from the British colonization. Forster accentuates this fact in the disastrous end of the Marabar caves’ expedition which Aziz plans for Mrs. Moore and Adela Quested to see the real India. Keywords: Marabar Caves, colonialism, Anglo Indians, Indo Europeans, prejudice, racism Introduction:


Article
American British Competition for the Oil of the Kingdom of Saudia Arabia During the Reign of King Abdul Aziz (1338-1368 Hegira / 1920-1949 A.D)
التنافس البريطاني الأمريكي على النفط في المملكة العربية السعودية في عهد الملك عبد العزيز (1338-1368هـ)(1949- 1920م)

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الخلاصة

The importance of the Arabic region lies in its wealth which has pushed the foreign forces to compete to gain as much as possible particularly the Arabic peninsula upon which the Americans and British have focused to gain wealth specially oil.


Article
Image of the Tragic Hero in the Poetry of Mudhafar Al-Nawab
صورة البطل التراجیدي في شعر مظفر النواب

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الخلاصة

In the field of literature, throughout the years, creative people have got unique works putting them at the top of the creative list of artists. The great Iraqi poet Mudhafar Al-Nawab is one of these for he has left a noticeable effect on the field of modern Iraqi literature. He has become one of the most important political insurgents against the deteriorating life conditions. This study being a descriptive, analytic method sheds light upon the image of the tragic hero in the poetry of Mudhafar Al-Nawab such as Imam Hussein (p.h) and Khalid Al-Islambuli being two symbols searching for justice and confronting oppression and tyranny


Article
Effect of Adobe Flash Program on the Acquisition of Mathematics for the Pupils of the Fourth Basic Class in Jordan and Their Tendencies Towards it
أثر برمجية الفلاش "adobe Flash" في تحصيل طلبة الصف الرابع الأساسي في مادة الرياضيات في مدارس المملكة الأردنية الهاشمية واتجاهاتهم نحوها

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الخلاصة

The study aims at identifying (Effect of Adobe Flash Program on the Acquisition of Mathematics for the Pupils of the Fourth Basic Class in Jordan and Their Tendencies Towards it in the Governorate of Arbid). To achieve the aims, the researcher has relied upon the quasi-experimental method for its suitability. He has applied upon the experimental group the practical process using Adobe Flash whereas the other group studies in the traditional method. The acquisition test and the tendency scale have been applied upon the two groups. After making a statistical analysis, it has been revealed that there is a positive and important effect for Adobe Flash.


Article
Factors affecting the success of the reading and numeracy initiative from the point of view of teachers and teachers And principals in the elementary schools of Bani Kenana
العوامل المؤثرة في نجاح مبادرة القراءة والحساب من وجهة نظر المعلمين والمعلمات والمدراء في المدارس الأساسية للواء بني كنانة

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الخلاصة

The aim of the study was to identify the factors influencing the success of the reading and numeracy initiative from the point of view of teachers, principals and principals of the basic schools in the Bani Kenana University. In order to achieve the objectives of the study, a questionnaire was designed and distributed to the study sample by using random sampling method, (50%) of the population who work in the Directorate of Education for the Ben Kenana, retrieved (101) questionnaire and after reviewing the questionnaires found that there are (12) questionnaire is not valid for the analysis, and the number of questionnaires valid for the analysis Statistical (89) including rate (29%) of the study population, were also distributed (40) questionnaire on (58%) of the community. After reviewing the questionnaires, it was found that there were (10) questionnaires that were not valid for the analysis. The number of managers in the sample (30) was 44%. After the statistical analysis, In the success of the reading and numeracy initiative according to the views of teachers, teachers and principals in the basic schools of Bani Kanana, it came as follows: Motivation and motivation to learn, positive interaction with students, the use of teaching aids, diversification of stimuli and stimuli, activities and objectives of the initiative, and there was no difference in the opinions of individuals in the sample of the study on the factors affecting the success of reading initiative and account according to the variables of personality (gender, experience).


Article
inclusion topics of health education in the Islamic Education Curriculum for the Intermediate stage (an analytical study)
إدراج مواضيع التثقيف الصحي في مناهج التربية الإسلامية للمرحلة المتوسطة ((دراسة تحليلية))

المؤلفون: Aref Assad Jomaa عارف أسعد جمعة
الصفحات: 77-93
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الخلاصة

Title of the study: (inclusion topics of health education in the Islamic Education Curriculum for the Intermediate stage). the purpose of study: Analysis of Islamic education books of In view of health education topics for the elementary education, the second grade. Provide an appropriate list of topics of health education for the elementary education, the second grade. Field of study: Islamic Education Books for Intermediate stage 2016/2017. Results: 1. The study focused on five issues (physical health, mental health, environmental health, health prevention and sexual health). All books included 60 main and sub-ideas focused on the five issued. The all five books include four subject about health education. All books are devoid of skills, experiences And amendments which promotes health education behaviors, It also failed to mention the Provisions and associated legal evidence. The study showed a significant difference in the distribution of health educationa topics for the elementary education, the second grade at the significance level of 0.01.


Article
Analysis of the Bushra Bustani in the light of the social approach Discourse
تحلیل خطاب بشری البستاني في ضوء المنهج الاجتماعي

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الخلاصة

This research is an attempt to study the poetry of Bushra Hamdi al-Bustani in the light of the social approach, based on Norman Fairclough theory of discourse analysis. It is theoretical in the analysis of discourse in the three axes: interpretation, interpretation and expression. At the level of characterization, we studied the verbal formulations of the speech of the poet Al-Bustani Al-Shaari and the deconstruction of the morphological system of poetic text And the second axis is a study of the context of discourse and discourse as the cultural context of the poetic discourse and the last axis, a study on the dialectical relationship between discourse and social structure. In the critical analysis of discourse, discourse is a social practice that has a prominent role in changing the practices of power and in making radical changes in the fabric of societies


Article
Future Apprehension and its Relationship with the Ambition Level for the Female Students of Education Colleges in the Universities of Sudan (Female Students of College of Education – Hantoob, University of Al-Jazeera as an Example)
قلق المستقبل وعلاقته بمستوى الطموح لدى طالبات كليات التربية في الجامعات السودانية (طالبات كلية التربية – حنتوب، بجامعة الجزيرة نموذجاً)

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الخلاصة

The study aims at identifying (Future Apprehension and its Relationship with the Ambition Level for the Female Students of Education Colleges). The study employs the descriptive method relying on the future apprehension scale by Zainab Shukair and the ambition level scale by Salah Al-Deen Abu Nahia whom the researcher has considered as juries for the Sudani environment. The sample has randomly been chosen of (400) female students; (50) female students from each department of the college. The SPSS program has been used to analyze the data of the study.


Article
Patterns of school problems in students with Attention Deficit Disorder accompanied by hyperactivity at the primary level, as assessed by student guides
أنماط المشكلات المدرسية السائدة لدى التلاميذ ذوي اضطراب نقص الانتباه المصحوب بفرط الحركة بالمرحلة الابتدائية حسب تقدير المرشدين الطلابيين

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الخلاصة

This research aimed to find out the most prevailing patterns of school problems of the students with attention deficit disorder accompanied by hyperactivity at the primary level schools according to students’ counselors in Al Rass province. The researcher used the descriptive approach, and the population of the research involved students’ counselors at governmental primary schools during the school year 1437-1438 H. The sample of the study is (40) male and female counselors. The researcher used observation card to collect the data. The research found out that school problems, such as: is not interested in doing the homework, and the inability to manage his spare time, avoids playing with his mates, and weak participation in school activities spread highly. Whereas, problems such as: running away from school the whole day, and run away from school to hang out in the street, spread in a low-grade. However, the rest of the problems are spread moderately. There are statistically significant differences at the significance level (a≥0,05) in the estimation of school problems prevailing among students with attention deficit disorder accompanied by hyperactivity at the primary level schools depending on the sex of the counselors in favor of (males), and lack of statistically significant differences at the significance level (a≥0,05) in the estimation of school problems prevailing among students with attention deficit disorder accompanied by hyperactivity at the primary schools depending on years of career and professional qualification


Article
Al-Fatwa (Islamic Advisory Opinion) Changes with the Change of Al-Ijtihad (Juristic Authority) According to Imam Malik and his Followers
تغير الفتوى بتغير الاجتهاد (عند الامام مالك وأتباعه)

المؤلفون: Mohammad Al-Fakeeh محمد الفقيه
الصفحات: 150-160
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الخلاصة

The Islamic Jurisprudence is characterized by its flexibility and comprehensibility to all life aspects due to having basics, stable and variable rules according to time, place and situation. It is true that the Islamic jurisprudence has unchangeable rules whatever happens but there are others which can be developed and changed by Al—Ijtihad. This is why one can find new rules that suit their time.

الكلمات الدلالية

Fatwa --- Ijtihad --- Malik --- followers --- فتوى، الاجتهاد، مالك، أتباع


Article
Narrators who described in Aljhala in Aljam' Alsahehand approach of Imam Al-Bukhari in narrating about them
الرواة الذين وصفوا بالجهالة في الجامع الصحيح ومنهج الإمام البخاري في الرواية عنهم

المؤلفون: Fariz Abdullah Najm فريز عبد الله نجم
الصفحات: 161-172
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الخلاصة

This research deals with an aspect of the aspects of creations of Alimam Albukharimay Allah's mercy be upon him, and this aspect is his method of narrating about narrators who described in Aljhala, by some Aimat Aljarh and Altadel, pointing out the extent of investigating this description in them, and what are the critical foundations that followed in graduating their Ahadeths, and this research appeared the genius of Alimam Albukhari May Allah's mercy be upon him and the strength of his knowledge and durability of his religion in dealing with narrators, and his ability to remember their narrations, and also it brings scientific benefits of editor of the cause of the most serious issues of Ollom Alhadeth, because of collecting between of what is theoretical and applicational


Article
The effect of using some of the strategies of thinking beyond the cognitive on level of critical thinking and self-confidence among the students of the university of Shaqra
أثر استخدام بعض استراتيجيات التفكير ما وراء المعرفي في مستوى التفكير الناقد والثقة بالنفس لدى طلاب جامعة شقراء

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الخلاصة

The aim of the current research is to find out how the use of some of the cognitive thinking strategies in the level of critical thinking and self-confidence of the university students. The strategies were applied to a sample of 50 students from the second level in psychology at Shaqra University, (25) experimental and (25) officers. To achieve this goal, the researcher used the experimental method of experimental and control groups after rewarding between the two groups in terms of variables (age, level of education of father and mother, level of intelligence, critical thinking, self-confidence) Thinking beyond knowledge, s Hired a researcher to test (Watson - Klaser) Translator by Issa (2013), and a measure of self-confidence (researcher); researcher used statistical methods system (SPSS), The results indicated that there were statistically significant differences at the level of (α =0.01) in the post-application of the standards of critical thinking and self-confidence; between the experimental groups; the average (28.1) for the critical thinking and (21.275) for the self-confidence and the control; (30.325) for critical thinking and (23,000) for self-confidence, for the benefit of the experimental group. This indicates the effectiveness of the strategies of thinking beyond the cognitive level of critical thinking and self-confidence among the students of Shaqra University


Article
Effectiveness of the Strategies of an Instructive and Collective Program in Developing the Psychological Health for the Homosexuals in the City of Um Derman
فعالية إستراتيجيات برنامج إرشادي جمعي في تحسين الصحة النفسية للشواذ جنسياً بمدينة أُمدرمان

المؤلفون: Ashraf Mohammad Ahmed Ali أشرف محمد أحمد على
الصفحات: 201-214
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الخلاصة

This study aimed to investigate the general characteristics of Mental Health among the homosexual males in the city of Omdurman, and the differences among the members of the experimental group in the pre and post scales of the collective counseling program used. In addition to investigating the differences in some variables (age, duration of homosexuality, marital status). The researcher used the experimental method. The sample of the study consisted of (51) homosexual males whose age ranged between (18 - 46 years), and they have been selected by simple random sampling. The researcher used the Mental Health Scale and collective counseling program. The collected data were analyzed using the (T) test for one sample, (T) test for two independent samples, and Analysis of Variance (Anova). The study found a range of results, including: the mental health of the homosexual males in Omdurman could be described as low. The collective counseling program was found to be effective in improving the mental health of homosexual males. There were no statistically significant differences among homosexual males due to age and duration of homosexuality in regard with effectiveness the program used, while there are differences due to the variable of marital status in favor of married men. In light of the results of the study, the researcher provided some recommendations, including: giving care to the mental health of the homosexual males by helping them to achieve personal, psychological and social adjustment, and Providing guidance and educational programs for homosexuals in order to guide them on how to deal with problems and mental disorders they face


Article
Optimism and Pessimism among Handicapped Children from Ajloun Area,and its relationship with Demographic Variables, the type and degree of handicap
التفاؤل والتشاؤم ﻟﺩﻯ أسر الأطفال المعوقين في محافظة عجلون وعلاقته ببعض المتغيرات الديموغرافية ودرجة ونوع الإعاقة

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الخلاصة

This study aims to reveal Optimism and Pessimism among a sample of handicapped children from Ajloun Governorate /Jordan, and its relationship to some demographic variables (gender, age)and the type and degree of handicap, for the purposes of the study, the researcher used Optimism and Pessimism Test which was done depending on Dember scale(1989)which is developed by Majdi Al Dusugi to be suitable for handicapped children,and it was found the indications of Validity and reliability of this scale, the sample consisted of 83 handicapped children (43 males &40 females)were selected randomly, and to analyze the data, it was found the arithmetic averages,standard deviations and value of (T),the multi variance analysis correlation coefficient.The results indicated that the level of Optimism and Pessimism between handicapped children was low, and there weren’t statistically significant differences at (α≤ 0.05) at the degrees of the total Optimism and Pessimism and its dimensions between handicapped children regarding to age and gender,and there weren’t statistically significant differences at (α≤ 0.05) at the degrees of the total Optimism and Pessimism and its dimensions between handicapped children regarding to the educational level of father and mother, there were statistically significant differences at (α≤ 0.05) between the groups at the degrees of the total Optimism and Pessimism and its dimensions at the type of handicap regarding to the physical and auditory handicap,and there were statistically significant differences at (α≤ 0.05) between the groups at the degrees of the total Optimism and Pessimism and its dimensions and the Pessimism dimension between the handicapped families at the type of handicap regarding to the simple handicap, the results were discussed in the light of the theoretical literature & previous studies, and some recommendations were suggested according to the results of the study


Article
Constructing a Test for the Methods of Motivating Rational Processes for the University Students
بناء اختبار اساليب تنشيط العمليات المعرفية لدى طلبة الجامعة

المؤلفون: Nawras Kareem Al-Zubaidi نورس كريم الزبيدي
الصفحات: 246-256
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الخلاصة

Individuals differ in their methods of perceiving information. These methods may be right or wrong so reservation of the information and its usefulness are affected. The problem of the research lies in finding methods that augment the activity of the rational processes. The sample consists of (250) male and female students of the third stage in the veterinary medicine in the University of Al-Qasim Al-Kadhra'


Article
The impact of the strategy oriented program to solve problems in the achievement of students in the fourth grade literary literature and texts and retention
أثر استراتيجية المنحى المبرمج لحل المشكلات في تحصيل طالبات الصف الرابع الأدبي في مادة الأدب والنصوص والاحتفاظ به

المؤلفون: Amal Sabah Radam Al-Taie آمال صباح ردام الطائي
الصفحات: 257-277
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الخلاصة

The objective of the current research is known asthe impact of the To achieve the goal of the research، the researcher followed the procedures of the experimental method، and chose a experimental design with a partial control consisting of two groups، the first experimental study literature and texts according to the strategy. strategy-oriented programmed


Article
Cultural Intelligence and its Relationship with Mind Openness for the Students of the University of Babylon
الذكاء الثقافي وعلاقته بالتفتح الذهني لدى طلبة جامعة بابل

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الخلاصة

Cultural intelligence is a social activity and a major part of an individual's life. He who has the skills of cultural intelligence opens up many fields of knowledge and gains many social relations. How many rights have been wasted, how many rulings have been issued in the wrong way and how many learning opportunities have been lost due to lack of intelligence Cultural diversity, and the determinants affecting this ability: compatibility with different cultures, differences in cultures, values, customs, traditions, etc.Cultural intelligence is the ability of the individual to make himself understood "in front of others by finding fruitful treatment in situations characterized by cultural difference, that is, includes the ability to behave appropriately in the case of different cultures with the ability to have an open mind that accommodates new information And alien to those cultures. Hence the role of the university in the various stages that the society created in order to achieve its objectives. There are cognitive traits that must be enjoyed by the students and help them to succeed in solving their problems. There are characteristics and qualities of knowledge possessed by university students such as flexibility in thinking and openness to the experiences of others and what the student is keen to teach in The university must adapt itself to others and harmony with them and when this happens between the students becomes an appropriate environment for education, thinking and innovation. Those who enjoy open mind move away from one direction and one thought to reach points of agreement with others. This is confirmed by cultural intelligence, so that it avoids intolerance and intellectual stagnation. Therefore, students' open mind" requires an environment of freedom and acceptance of others. Therefore, the current research is based on the relationship between cultural intelligence and intellectual openness among the students of the University of Babel. Therefore, the researcher adopted the Eidi scale, 2010 for the intellectual intelligence and the measurement of Asli, 2013 for open mind. Thus, the researcher verified the validity of the two measures and their analysis statistically on a sample of 310 students And a student from the University of Babel students were chosen in random way with appropriate distribution. After completing the number of research tools, the researcher applied them to a sample of 411 students who were also randomly selected. In order to analyze the results of the research, the researcher used a number of statistical methods to achieve the objectives of the research are the one-sample and two-independent tertiary test, Pearson correlation coefficient, alpha-Cronbach coefficient, binary contrast analysis, Seberman Brown equation and standard error equation. The researcher reached the following results: 1-The students of the University of Babylon have a good degree in the level of cultural intelligence. 2-students of the University of Babylon at a high level of open mind. 3-the existence of correlation relationship average statistical function between the cultural intelligence and open mind among students of the University of Babylon. Based on the results of the research, the researcher developed a set of recommendations and proposals that will complete the current research.


Article
Difficulties facing the students of the Department of Arabic Language at the Faculty of Education for Human Sciences when conducting graduate research and the proposed solutions to overcome them
الصعوبات التي تواجه طلبة قسم اللغة العربية في كلية التربية للعلوم الانسانية عند اجراء بحوث التخرج والحلول المقترحة لتجاوزها

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الخلاصة

This research talk about the selection of the difficulties that faced the students when making graduation research, thinking about some suggestions by overcoming these difficulties from the point of view of the teachers. The two researchers depend on the descriptive method to achieve the objective of the research . The sample of the research composed of students of primary study (fourth grade), in the department Arabic language at the Faculty of Education for Human Sciences / Diyala University, with (370) students including boys and girls from the academic year 2016-2017. For the purpose of achieving the research objective, the two researchers prepared the research tool by preparing the initial version of the questionnaire, the questionnaire including ask the student an open question, this students considered a survey compose of (30) students including boys and girls, to know what the difficulties that facing the students when making the graduation research. The researchers adopted a five-point scale for each paragraph they apply to students with degrees (very large, large, medium, few, very few)and for the purpose of determining the sincerity of the difficulties faced by students virtual honesty was used by presenting the tool to a number of arbitrators,after the amendments, the items of the tool stabilized (28) paragraph after it was (30) paragraph, the tool has been applied in its final form in the first week of May 2017. The study found that the most difficult difficulties identified by students, which limit their adequacy when writing their graduation studies, are (tight time and synchronization with the duration of application and graduation season) and (emphasis on the theoretical aspect only in the teaching of research methods) and (It is difficult for students to provide printing requirements). The teachers in the faculty of Education for human sciences provided their proposals to overcome these difficulties or to reduce their severity to the student , one of the important (choose the addresses of the research and the advisors at the end of third year), (assigning a specialist in the research Methodology to teach the subject) and (request from the a scouting department to contribute to help the student in printing their research at the lowest possible cost . The study also included recommendations and suggestions in this regard .


Article
Effectiveness of Post and Brennan's Strategy in the Acquisition and Improvement of the Contemplative Thinking in Geography for the Students of the Fifth Literary Class
فاعلية استراتيجية بوست وبرينان في تحصيل وتنمية التفكير التأملي لدى طلاب الصف الخامس الأدبي في مادة الجغرافية

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الخلاصة

Effectiveness of the Post and Brennan strategy in the collection and development of contemplative thinking The fifth graders in the geography class The aim of the research is to identify the effectiveness of both the Post and Brennan strategy in the collection of geography And contemplative thinking among students in the fifth grade literary. and identified students of the fifth grade literary in the center of Karbala province for the academic year (2016-2017). The sample consisted of (62) students who were divided into two groups. an experimental group of (31) students studied the Post and Bryan strategy. and a control group consisting of (31) students studied in the traditional way. The equivalence between the three groups was carried out by variables (age. intelligence. achievement in geography for the first year 2017. Meditation thinking. parental achievement). The researcher prepared two tools: the first is the achievement test which consists of (40) multiple paragraphs and (10) paragraphs of the article. The tests of honesty. consistency. difficulty. ease. excellence and veracity of the vertebrae were performed. The second tool is a test of contemplative thinking consisting of 40 paragraphs. Cytometry. The researcher used the analysis of mono-variance. Schiffe test. tee test. Pearson correlation coefficient. equations of difficulty. ease. differentiation. magnitude of effect. as well as Excel program as statistical means. Research hypothesis: 1.There is no significant difference at the level of significance (0.05). Between the average scores of the experimental group who studied the Post Brennan strategy and the control group students who studied the conventional method in the test. 2.There was no statistically significant difference at the mean (0.05) between the average scores of the experimental group who studied the Post Brennan strategy and the control group students who studied the traditional method in the tribal meditative test. Conclusion: In the light of the results of the current research. the following conclusions were reached: 1. The effectiveness of the Post and Brennan strategy in raising the level of academic achievement compared to the traditional method. presented to the teacher. Recommendations: 1. The need to focus on teachers by the directorates of provincial education using strategies based on structural philosophy. which contribute effectively to the development of different thinking skills. especially contemplative thinking. and the practice of investigation and discovery in different situations. Suggestion: In the light of the objectives of this study and its findings. and supplemented by the researcher proposes to conduct further research and studies in the following areas. 1. Investigating the impact of the Post and Brennan strategy in teaching geography on the development of other types of thinking. such as critical thinking. creative thinking. and problem solving skills


Article
Methods of detection and treatment of well water by Arabs before Islam
طرق الكشف عن مياه الآبار ومعالجتها عند العرب قبل الاسلام

المؤلفون: Haider Amer Hashim حيدر عامر هاشم السلطاني
الصفحات: 329-342
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الخلاصة

Well water is the predominant Arab waters of the Arabian Peninsula before Islam because of the scarcity of rain. In this paper we discussed methods of detection And treatment of water wells in the Arabs before Islam.The research is based on the introduction, two chapters, a conclusion and a list of sources and references. In the introduction I addressed the importance of wells in the life of Arabs before Islam. In the first chapter I studied the methods of detection of well water, including the method of listening and looking, dependence on plants, animals and insects, and the method of smelling and tasting the soil and dependence on dew, inference with ants and inference with vision.The second chapter dealt with the time of digging wells and methods of treatment of water salinity and severity, including: the time of digging wells, and rely on wool and the method of drilling multiple, and the way of mixing water with raisins and dates in the desalination of water. Then a conclusion and a list of sources and references.


Article
Attitudes of students in the preparatory stage towards educational programs space
اتجاهات طلبة المرحلة الإعدادية نحو البرامج التعليمية الفضائية

المؤلفون: Rasha Abdul Hadi Saleh رشا عبد الهادي صالح
الصفحات: 343-355
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الخلاصة

The aim of this research is to know the students trends in the preparatory stage towards the space teaching programs.based hpon the research needs، The researcher has done the measure scale which will be the cone lusion to deduce the student trends Towards the space taechig programs. After showing the scale psycho metric feautures، it was finally formed to be composed of (26) items.when the scale was applied on a random sample composed of (100) students at the preparatory schools belong to Education Directorate in Najaf AL.Ashrat and after checking the answers and doing the statistic treatment ot data by using the connection persons meaa (T-test)we got the following results mathe tic mean (67، 79) difference (48، 61). This study got basic results lik the positive trend toward the space scientific programs by thel students، of preparatory stage and this confirms the importance of teaching programs now.Based upon، the results، the researcher recommended som directions and suggestions


Article
Multiplication of expression in sentences Approach in the light of the deliberative purposes
تعدُّدُ دلالةِ الإعــرابِ في الجمـــــلِ مقاربةٌ في ضوءِ المقاصدِ التداوليَّةِ (*)

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الخلاصة

This research is a critical procedural reading of the multiplicity of meaning in the sentences; the expression may be multiple, probable and different, and expansion; this research addresses the assignment of expression to the multiplicity of expressions of sentences in the light of the purposes of deliberation; this approach is characterized by the depth of analysis and the multiplicity of tools to reach the purposes, The mechanism of grammatical significance in general and the significance of expression in particular.


Article
The impact of some personality traits (anxiety, shyness, introversion) on the quality of the font among university students
تأثير بعض سمات الشخصية (القلق، الخجل، الانطواء) على جودة الخط لدى طلبة الجامعة

المؤلفون: Nagham Hadi Hussain نغم هادي حسين
الصفحات: 363-379
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الخلاصة

The purpose of the study was to identify the effect of some personality traits (anxiety, shyness, introversion) on the quality of the font of the university students.For the purpose of measuring this goal, the tool (Personality Attributes) was formed, which consisted of (31) The sample consisted of (40) students and was divided into a control group of (20) students and experimental group (20) students.The researcher of the research tool extracted the conditions of the analysis of vertebrae, honesty and stability. The most important results of the study indicate that the owners of the bad line have high degrees of introversion and anxiety and shyness against the owners of the good line.


Article
The impact of the strategy (Retrieval Table) in the collection of fifth- Primary students in the the Arabic grammar
أثر استراتيجية الجدول الاسترجاعي في تحصيل تلاميذ الصف الخامس الابتدائي في مادة قواعد اللغة العربيّة

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الخلاصة

The research aims at recognizing: (The impact of the strategy (Retrieval Table) in the collection of fifth- Primary students in the the Arabic gramma) To achieve the aim of the study, The researcher put the following null hypothesis: There is no statistical difference at the level of (0.05) between the mean scores of the achievements of the experimental group pupils who are taught Arabic language grammar according to the feedback table strategy and that of the control group pupils who are taught according to the traditional method.


Article
Poverty Causes and effects Tariq niegh borhood model
الفقــر أسبــابه وآثــاره (حي طارق انموذجــاً)

المؤلفون: Khawla Chareeb Faraj خـــولــة غــريب فــرج
الصفحات: 401-424
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الخلاصة

The phenomenon of poverty is one of the most important social and economic phenomena that has become the thinking of many economists and politicians, and some local and international institutions, such as the World Bank and the United Nations, has become one of the most important topics on the agenda of the United Nations conferences to attract the attention of the world, The third is the seriousness of this phenomenon, the need to limit its effects, and the attempt to eliminate it, through the followers of economic and social policies, commensurate with the capabilities and possibilities of these countries, and despite the global attention to the problem of poverty, but it continues to spread widely in most The countries of the world and there are still differences around the concept of poverty, methods of measurement, and the means to eliminate it and the reasons that lead to it, and this research aims to identify the different concepts of poverty and the poor.


Article
Binary executive power in Iraq and Lebanon comparative study
ثنائية السلطة التنفيذية في العراق ولبنان دراسة مقارنة

المؤلفون: Leqaa Mahdi Salman لقاء مهدي سلمان
الصفحات: 425-441
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الخلاصة

The government is accountable to the parliament. The powers of both the president and the prime minister differ according to the constitution of each state. Some states have a president who has a constitutional authority. The state is the dominant power of the executive branch. This domination is defined by the constitution. The president of the republic is the commander-in-chief of the armed forces. He has the authority to appoint ministers or to conclude international conventions and treaties. Who is dominant in power and who will prevail in shaping the general policy of the state as the responsible in front of parliament.


Article
Textual Symmetry of the Opening Verses of the Two Suras of Lukman and Al-Bakara
التناظر النصي بيــن فاتحتي سورة لقمان والبقرة

المؤلفون: Manar Kalid Badi منار خالد بادي
الصفحات: 442-460
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الخلاصة

The purpose of this study is to shed light on the semantic proportionality and the textual coherence of the Qur'an, as a means of revealing the methodological and objective miracles that masquerade the Holy Quran. That miracle. Our chosen field relates to the Surat Al-Sur (1-12) of Surah Luqman, which is integrated into five full-meaning texts. It is balanced with the first verses of Surah Al-Baqarah, which are integrated into five full-textual texts as well. A statement of what the text of the Koran embodies uniqueness in the unity of subjects and cohesion within the framework of a unified symbolism.


Article
Israeli expansion in the Middle East (The Israeli invasion of Lebanon 1982 is a model)
التوســـــــع الاسرائيلـــــي في الشـــــــــرق الاوســـــــــــط ((الاجتياح الاسرائيلي للبنان 1982 أنموذجا))

المؤلفون: Ali Mohsen Sirheed علي محسن سرهيد
الصفحات: 461-467
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الخلاصة

Mideast, and occupation of an Arabic countrg lebanor and siegeits its capital, with the aim of elimirating the palestinion resistant,and getting out from Beirut, and signing a peace treaty with leanon, malformed search from an introduction and three investigatians and conclusion, study the first subject the in ternal, regionaAl and international factors, the secand subject browse military preporations, while offered the third subject the military operations which was carried out by Israel inside Lebanon and siege of Beirut.


Article
The Impact of Using Group Work on Perception of Short Stories for 2nd Intermediate Iraqi Students
اثر استخدام العمل الجماعي في ادراك القصص القصيرة لطلاب الثاني المتوسط في العراق

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الخلاصة

The present study aims at using group work technique to teach short stories found in the 2nd intermediate students’ book hoping to improve their understanding of those short stories. The population of the study comprises the second-year students at the intermediate schools for boys in the center of Al-Najaf Governorate for the academic year (2016-2017). Two sections were randomly selected from Imam Ali Intermediate School for boys (the sample of the study) to represent the experimental group (33 students) and the control group (32 students). Short story achievement tests were constructed by the researcher to be used as pre-test and post-test. A T-test formula for two independent samples is used to analyze the obtained data. The results show that group work technique is considered more effective, useful, and favourable to teach short stories than the conventional one.

الكلمات الدلالية

group work --- short story --- العمل الجماعي --- القصص القصيرة.


Article
The effectiveness of teaching with high level Thinking Skills in the achievement of Students in the Fifth grade in the chemistry and chemistry of their children
فاعلية التدريس بمهارات التفكير عالي الرتبة في تحصيل طلاب الصف الخامس الاحيائي والتفكير الناقد لديهم

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الخلاصة

The test of the achievement of the type choice of a multi- member 40 paragraph included the alternatives six levels of Bloom the and verified the validity of his offer to the test was verified by the expert and the specialization. (0.82) and correction (0,90). Also, the coefficient of difficulty and the discriminating force of each paragraph were found and the alternatives to the test paragraphs were found. The test of critical thinking was prepared by the researcher to test critical thinking, which includes (90) paragraphs by (6) positions for each sub-test, was verified by Trueness by presenting it to the experienced and specialized, and stability in the way (midterm fragmentation) as the coefficient of stability before correction (0, 80). After the correction, the stability coefficient was 0.91.


Article
Administrative Divisions in Wilayet of Kosovo (1878 – 1913)
التقسيمات الادارية في ولاية كوسوفو (1878-1913)

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الخلاصة

In the late 1400's, the Ottoman Empire sought to impose its control over the Balkan Peninsula, which could not be controlled without control of Kosovo. Sultan Murad I, in 1389, achieved great victory over the Balkan armies and the Ottoman hegemony over the Balkans lasted for five centuries The Ottoman state has faced many conflicts and objections by the Serbs and has entered conferences, treaties and reform programs in an attempt to contain the situation in the region and make it more stable.


Article
Effect of the Strategy of the Inverted Thinking in the Acquisition of Chemistry for the Second Intermediate Students and Their Creative Thinking
أثر استراتيجية التفكير بالمقلوب في تحصيل طلاب الصف الثاني المتوسط في مادة الكيمياء والتفكير الابداعي لديهم

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الخلاصة

The researcher has made an experiment to investigate the validation of the two hypotheses spending two months in Al-Hashimiya Intermediate School for Boys subordinated to the Directorate of Education in Babylon. The researcher has specified the last three chapters from the book of chemistry of the second intermediate class. The results show that the students of the experimental group who have studied using the inverted thinking have exceeded those students of the control group who have studied traditionally.


Article
Effect of Teaching with the Pivotal Thinking Skills on the Acquisition of Physics for the Second Intermediate Students and Their Positive Thinking
أثر التدريس بمهارات التفكير المحورية في تحصيل طلاب الصف الثاني المتوسط وتفكيرهم الايجابي في مادة الفيزياء

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الخلاصة

The researcher has made an experiment to investigate the verification of the two hypotheses spending two months in Rasheed Al-Hijri Intermediate School for Boys subordinated to the Directorate of Education in Babylon. The researcher has chosen the last four chapters of the book of physics for the second intermediate class. The results show that the students of the experimental group who have studied by the pivotal thinking skills have exceeded the students of the control group who have studied traditionally.


Article
University of Babylon - Faculty of Education for Human Sciences - Department of Geography
تجارة العراق الخارجية (غير النفطية) مع دول الجوار للمدة (2003-2015م) (دراسة في الجغرافية الاقتصادية)

المؤلفون: Jabbar Abd Jebeeil جبار عبد جبيل
الصفحات: 576-599
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الخلاصة

Iraq has witnessed many economic and political transformations, which have been reflected in the joints of its economic sectors, and foreign trade is the most prominent of these sectors, so the research came to study the development of Iraq's foreign trade with neighboring countries in both exports and imports and their structures, and to show the extent of dependence and link this economy with the economies of neighboring countries, Iraq has become a major market for receiving its exports, which is represented by a combination of food and non-food commodities, raw materials and industrial goods. Iraq has become a captive of unbalanced trade relations with the Loire, and thus resulted in a lot of structural changes and the emergence of many problems that reflect negatively on the future economic development, so it came to study the reality of trade relations with neighboring countries, and the main problems that emerged from these trade relations throughout the duration of the study 2003-2015m.


Article
The Quranic Evidence in the Book of Al-Baseet by Rukn Al-Deen Al-Astar Abadi (died in 715 h.) in the Conjunctive Letters / a Grammatical Study
الشَاهِدُ القُرْآنِيُّ فِي كِتَابِ البَسِيطِ لِرْكنِ الدِّينِ الاَستَرَآباذِي (ت:715ه) في الحروف العاطفة دِراسَة نَحْويَة

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الخلاصة

The corner of religion Astarabih explained enough son eyebrow three explanations: large, which is called simple, and average, which is named The simple is the great explanation of Mr. Ruknuddin Astrabadi On the front of the mark (Abu Marubin eyebrow) (T: 646 e) in the grammar marked by (adequate) this book promises Of the important task in the grammar as they said: about the jurists, and was a summary in a very brief and a vague and closed, has been severelyThose who are interested in this type are accepted by the narrator, including Mr. Rukn al-Din, the value of the simpleComes to the importance of the book of sufficient and worth, and simple book known, scientists mentioned in their writings, and cited his colleaguesIncluding the Suyuti in the thickets of the silos. There is no doubt that the matter is in the grammarOr in other sciences you need to prove to a witness confirms And not to hide on one of the Muslims and others the validity of the verses of the Koran and its rhetoric and miracles in systems and meaning, This research includes the Quranic verses in the letters of passion that were mentioned in the Book of the Simple.


Article
The Scientific Conditions of Imam Ali - Historical Study In the light of the novels of Al-Manakib Al-Khwarizmi (568 AH / 1172 AD)
الاحوال العلمية للأمام علي () دراسة تاريخية في ضوء روايات كتاب المناقب للخوارزمي (ت568ه/1172م)

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الخلاصة

believed in Allah and his Messenger, they were the lucky soldiers protecting religion and his messengers who transferred to all the people, and they deserved to be the best nation brought out to people as Allah almighty told us about them, including distinct professions have manifested themselves in various areas, these forward on The bin Abi Talib, his great positions in the service of Islam and Muslims, Al-Khwarizmi conciliator highlighted in folds writing qualities of scientific life forward in many novels which gave a simplified picture of those sciences which was at the forefront of the faithful in different areas of life it was know nation after the Messenger Him, and also try the conciliator highlight of Xia Khwarizmi m faithful in the era of the Prophet and the subsequent ages and how equitable judge whereby justice according to the teachings of Islam in the time of Caliph and spend the nation after Allah's Messenger as text on the Holy Prophet could too, either by the Imam on J the conciliator algorithm bwalgh rule in many religious and political matters as the provision of courses in different areas of life.

الكلمات الدلالية

IMAM --- SCIENCE --- SPEND --- WISDOM --- ISAY. --- الامام، علم، قضاء، حكمة، اورد.


Article
A Comparative Study of ‘Volition’ in English and Its Counterparts in Arabic
دراسة مقارنة لأسلوب الإرادة في اللغة الانجليزية ومايقابلها في العربية

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الخلاصة

This study is concerned with the meanings of volition in Modern Standard English(MSE) and their counterparts in Modern Standard Arabic(MSA). Its aim is to identify, discuss and compare the meanings of volition constructions in the two languages. It is motivated by the fact that the area of volition is an extremely intractable area of English and Arabic grammars. Hence, it is a good candidate for an investigation. The method followed here is a contrastive analysis in which two languages are compared to find out their aspects of similarity and differences as well. In relation to the results, English is similar to Arabic in the names comprising ‘volition’, i.e., (willingness =الارادة , wish الرغبة =, intention النِّيّة =, and insistence = الاصرار). As for the differences, only English has implicit meaning of volitional verb (wish) by using (hope, would rather, would prefer, and let). The auxiliaries (will and shall) which express wishes in English cannot do so in Arabic


Article
An Analysis of Reading Comprehension and College Composition Courses Accoeding to Reflective Thinking Skills1
تحليل مقرري الاستيعاب القراني وانشاء في ضوء مهارات التفكير التاملي

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الخلاصة

This study aims at Investigating whether or not reflective thinking skills are included in Reading Comprehension course and College Composition course, and shedding light on the extent of their inclusion in these two courses. The researcher had prepared a list of indicators (in the form of a questionnaire) to reflective thinking skills which were five skills (Observation, Communication andparalogisms revealing, Providing convincing explanations, Conclusions and judgment, and Decision-making and proposing solutions).Using the modified questionnaire, the researcher started analyzing the content of the two courses, i.e., Reading Comprehension and College Composition.By applying Pearson correlation co-efficient and Brown-Spearman correlation co-efficient, it was found out that the correlation was (0.875) and (0.895) for the contents of Reading Comprehension and College Composition respectively. Three weeks later, the researcher reanalyzed the courses content and compared its results with the results of the first analysis in order to assure the reliability. By applying suitable statistical formulas, it was concluded that the percentages are (93.8%) and (87.8%) concerning RC and CC respectively.In order to present the results of the study, frequencies and percentages have been used.


Article
The water image and its employment in the Abbasid poem
صورة الماء وتوظيفها في القصيدة العباسية

المؤلفون: Zainab Abdul Karim Hamza زينب عبد الكريم حمزة
الصفحات: 658-678
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الخلاصة

Nature is the poetry that represents nature or some of what it included, and nature varies according to the poet's vision of the environment in which he lives, the feeling of nature consists of (physical and moral sources) material sources is nature in all that whether this nature is alive as humans, animals and plants, Such as the earth, sky, mountains and other assets lacking the element of life, and moral sources of nature include beliefs such as the Koran and issues of jurisprudence and Quranic stories and Hadith, and science and phenomena, and Arab proverbs and governance, and historical legacies, it is worth mentioning that these assets in most of the neighborhood Share with each other to form a clear picture.


Article
Effect of Som's Strategy SWOM in the Acquisition of Biology by the Second Intermediate Female Students and their Metacognitive Skills
أثر استراتيجية سومSWOM في تحصيل طالبات الصف الثاني المتوسط في مادة الاحياء ومهارات التفكير ما وراء المعرفة لديهن

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الخلاصة

The researcher has made an experiment to investigate the authenticity of the two hypotheses spending two months in Al-Furat Intermediate School for Girls subordinated to the Directorate of Education in Babylon. The researcher chosen the last three chapters from the biology book for the second intermediate class. The results have shown that the female students of the experimental group studying according to SWOM strategy have exceeded the female students of the control group studying traditionally.


Article
The method of wisdom and showing the piety of the imams of the people of the house
اسلوب الحكمة واظهار التقية عند أئمة اهل البيت (عليهم السلام)

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الخلاصة

The work of Ahl al-Bayt (peace be upon them) on the basis of the piety that they wanted to keep their owners in the work according to the system of the Umayyad and Abbasid state alike and their great rule was the reason for the receipt of some of their owners positions in the Abbasid state and they had an eye to address some of the ideas of the Umayyad and Abbasid, Their owners managed to lead the centers they received the best leadership and this leadership was drawn by the people of the House peace be upon them.


Article
Features of the Turkish-Israeli Cooperation in the Security, Military and Economic Aspects 1955 – 2010
ملامح التعاون التركي- الإسرائيلي في الجوانب الأمنية و العسكرية والاقتصادية 1955- 2010

المؤلفون: Ihab Hussein Ali Hussein ايهاب حسين علي حسين
الصفحات: 706-721
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الخلاصة

That the policy of the AKP in solving all internal and external problems will reduce Turkey's need for Israel to support it internationally, especially in its accession to the EU, and Turkey began to look at another point of view and a new policy and view itself as a pivotal and influential country at the level European Union. At the Israeli level, Israel's need for Turkey as an economic market and as a strategic partner with strategic depth in the geopolitical map will make Israel condone all factors that would strain relations with Turkey in order to preserve these relations. Are directly involved in a regional system because they are in conflict with the policy of moving away from engagement in the axes and are therefore likely to have very strong political and economic relations with all the forces that welcome it.


Article
Effects of the Neighbouring Countries' Policies on the Future of Water Resources in Iraq
تأثير سياسات دول الجوار على مستقبل الموارد المائية في العراق

المؤلفون: Khalid Jawad Salman خالد جواد سلمان
الصفحات: 722-734
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الخلاصة

Water has become increasingly important today because it is one of the fundamental components of development and different concepts of contemporary economic, social, health, and due to the water resource depletion and pollution due to the irrational use and policies adopted by some countries, especially countries in the headwaters of rivers may impact on water quantity and quality of the riparian States on these rivers. To preserve the rights of States participating in the international rivers endorsed United Nations international water law in 1994 to the uses of the non-navigational uses of watercourses,


Article
A Suggested Guide for Teaching Expression According to the Processes of the Interactive Writing
دَلِيْلٌ مُقْتَرَحٌ لِتَعْلِيْمِ الْتَّعْبِيْرِ عَلَى وِفْقِ عَمَلِيَّاتِ الْكِتَابَةِ الْتَّفَاعُلِيَّةِ

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الخلاصة

Although the educational institutions have given a lot of attention to expression, yet writing expression in all stages particularly the preparatory stage are still facing numerous difficulties and problems. This reveals that the students are incompetent in drawing the letters correctly.


Article
Effectiveness of the John Zahorek model in the achievement of second graders in physics and their science processes
فاعلية أنموذج جون زاهوريك في تحصيل طلاب الصف الثاني المتوسط في مادة الفيزياء وعمليات العلم لديهم

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الخلاصة

The research aims to identify the effectiveness of John Zahorek's model in: A) Achieving of the second grade students of the middle school in physics. B) Science operations of the second grade students of the middle school. The researcher prepared two tools ; the first tool is (the achievement test) which in its final form will consists of (40) thematic paragraphs of the type (multiple choice) with four alternatives. The second tool is the (Scale of Science Operations)) which in its final form will consists of 32 paragraphs that distributed evenly over the basic science processes which they are (observation, classification, inference, prediction, measurement, communication, numbers use, temporal and spatial relations) In the context of the research results the researcher came out with a set of conclusions and recommendations and suggestions


Article
Al condensi meaning in Complex proverbs LLMadany
التكثيف الدّلالي في مجمع الأمثال للميدانيّ

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الخلاصة

Those who seek the linguistic truth of words in their voices, structure and structures find that the effect is the meaning, and this fact is not absent from the thought of our scientists ancient and modern, the words are finite limited and the meanings are not limited or finite, does not surround the limited unlimited, and I liked to prove here in the light of what I have seen from the proverbs that most of the most concentrated in the aspect of significance, and therefore is short in the amount of verbal long semantic type, and we will mention here examples of the application of means that contribute to the intensification of significance in the complex of proverbs for the field:


Article
Franco-British conflict in North America 1689-1748
الصراع الفرنسي – الانكليزي في امريكا الشمالية 1689-1748م

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الخلاصة

The 17th and 18th centuries witnessed A British-French its effects and consequences Reflected on Europe especially and the world in general, This conflict reached its peak in the first half of the eighteenth century, especially after the two countries (Britain and Francs) fought a series of wars in different parts of the world. The North America continent was one of the most important of these areas, especially since the two rival parties had colonies in the continent since the sixteenth century.


Article
Duality of the Self and the Other in the Novel (Ladies of Saturn) by Lutfiya Al-Dulaimi
ثنائية الأنا والآخر في رواية " سيدات زحل" للروائية لطفية الدليمي

المؤلفون: Hawra' Aziz Ulaiwi حوراء عزيز عليوي
الصفحات: 802-812
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الخلاصة

Highlighting thedailecal dualism, namely,This study focuses on Alana and al-akhr. It is on secret to us that this dualism has Been the focus of many literary and monetary studies because Of their association whit the creative self, on the one hand, and On the other, sheds light on the other, the literature was the Most representative of the self that we have lived and measured in the light of society and the hardships and hardships shown to us by the cruelty of human beings and tyranny in many cases and we have faced in the study of self great difficulties such as that the self is a floating concept that is difficult to limit and stand on it, because its concept interferes with many knowledge sciences. The novel was the welcome field that highlight this self and its relationship with the other in the world arena.


Article
The method of shalubin in the composition (Hawashi Almofassal)
طَـريـقَـةُ الـشَـلُـوبـيـن فـي تَـألـِيـف (حَوَاشِي المُفَصَّل)

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الخلاصة

This research reveals the stages of the development of grammatical Authoring from its inception to the stage of the composition of the book(Almofassal) of Zamakhshari, It also reveals the method adopted by Al-Zamakhshari in the Authoring His book(Almofassal), The research also reveals the style used by Al shalubin in the presentation of the grammatical material in his footnotes on(Almofassal).


Article
The Opinion of Al Mubarrad, Sirafi and Al Farisi in Preceding the Predicative Case of (Asa'/ Wish) to its Nominative along with the Researchers' Referrals (A derivative and verification study)
رأي المبرد والسيرافي والفارسي في تقدم خبر (عسى) على اسمها وإحالات المحققين تحقيق وتأصيل

المؤلفون: Salah Hasan Hashim صلاح حسن هاشم
الصفحات: 821-840
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الخلاصة

The grammarians differed on many grammatical cases, especially those which are reported from Seebaweih. This indicates that every grammarian had his own opinion in interpreting and clarifying Seebaweih’s statements and views. For this reason, the later grammarians varied in recounting the views of the ancient grammarians. This paper, in fact, aims at dealing with one of those cases ascribed to the ancient grammarians, namely the grammaticality (Asa’= I hope) as a predicate nominative to precede its nominative case as in (I hope Zaid get up). Among those grammarians who report the grammatical permissibility of this case is Hayyan Al Andalusee (745 A. H.) followed by a number of his students and late grammarians such as, Al Mubbarrad (285 A. H.), Al Siraafi ()368 A. H.), and Al Faarisee (377 A. H.); whereas it is corrected by Ibn Ousfoor (669 A. H.) and opposed by Abi Ali Al Shiloubin (645 A. H.). The paper relies on reviewing the above mentioned grammarians to check up the credibility of their recounts.


Article
Effectiveness of Teaching Relying on the Auto-organizing Learning Theory in the Acquisition of Chemistry for the Second Intermediate Students and Their Knowledge Motivator
فاعلية التدريس المستند إلى نظرية التعُّلم المنظم ذاتياً في تحصيل طلاب الصف الثاني المتوسط في مادة الكيمياء والدافع المعرفي لديهم

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الخلاصة

The researcher has made an experiment to investigate the authenticity of the two hypotheses spending two whole months in the Central Intermediate School for Boys subordinated to the Directorate of Education in Babylon. The researcher has specified the last three chapters from the book of chemistry for the second intermediate stage. The results have shown that the students of the experimental group studying according to the auto-organizing learning theory have exceeded the students of the control group who have studied traditionally.


Article
The meaning of for mulas increased in the opproach of rhetoric between Ibn Abi-al-Hadid(d 656H) and Ibi al-Hussein yahya Ibn Hamza al –Husseini (d 749H) -Balance study
(معاني الصيغ المزيدة) في نهج البلاغة بين ابن أبي الحديد (ت656ه) وأبي الحسين يحيى بن حمزة الحسيني(ت749ه)/ دراسة موازنة

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الخلاصة

The aim of the research is to make abalance between the two world of flags explaining the approach of AI-Balaghah to the prince of the Believers Ali Ibn Abi Talib(peace be upon him)namely Ibn Abi Al-Hadid(d 656H) and Abi-al-Hussin yahya bin Hamza al-Husseini(749H) In the reaserch we show the effect of the previous follow up on the mor phological issues of the literal or the literal or the literal meaning of AL-Husseini on ibn Abi AL-Hadid or the violation of it in the matter of the issues that mentioned as well as the opinion of the scholars who preceded them and those who followed them in these matters.


Article
The good saying in the sign (will not) on the obituary A linguistic, grammatical, and semantic study
القول السديد في دلالة (لن) على التأبيد دراسة لغوية، ونحوية، ودلالية قرآنية

المؤلفون: Salem Jarry سالم جاري
الصفحات: 875-890
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الخلاصة

The discussion of (LIN) is of great importance in the linguistic and grammatical research and then the Qur'anic research. The research took the inductive method of inquiry into the opinions of senior grammarians and linguists through the constant and famous use of (LIN) in the words of the Arabs poetry and prose With full investigation of the Quran.

جدول المحتويات السنة: المجلد: العدد: