Table of content

Alustath

الاستاذ

ISSN: 0552265X 25189263
Publisher: Baghdad University
Faculty: Education Ibn Rushd
Language: Arabic and English

This journal is Open Access

About

About the magazine
Issued by the Faculty of Education, Ibn Rushd scientific journal entitled (Journal of the professor), was her first release in 1952. In the beginning. It deals with scientific research, literature and the Arab and Islamic civilization, and contributes to the professors of colleges according to their competence to define the educational community in the Arab countries and abroad.
• the name of the magazine: -Alustath( Professor)
• Produced by: - Faculty of Education / Ibn Rushd
• the international number ((ISSN)):-0552-265X/E-2518-9263
• E-mail to the magazine: - alustath.journal@ircoedu.uobaghdad.edu.iq
• Year Released: --1952
• Type of release (quarterly, semi-annual): - quarterly.

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Email : alustath.journal@ircoedu.uobaghdad.edu.iq

Table of content: 2018 volume:2 issue:224

Article
The transition of Albaghdadi Orator from Al-Hanbalis to Al-Ash’aris (Analytical Study)
في تحول الخطيب البغدادي من الحنابلة الى الاشعرية دراسة تحليلية أولية

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Abstract

In conclusion, Imam Abu Bakir Al-Baghdadi was a milestone in the history of science of Hadith. He was acknowledged and recognized in Baghdad early 5th Hijra century/ 11th century A.D. by most Muhadditheen (Traditionists) as the orator of Baghdad and its Muhaddith without exaggeration. All what has been said against him by Ibn Al-Jawzi and his followers of extremists Hanbalis narrators and advisors whether heard or narrated was falls in Hadith science, falls allegations against him were uncountable in Hadith sessions places; mosques or scientific centers or markets, whether these sessions were in Hanbali sessions places or others of Hadith places in the city.


Article
Abraha’s Campaign (Ashab- al Fil ) in holy Koran and books of Interpretations , History and BiograPhies.
حملة ابرهة ( اصحاب الفيل ) في القران الكريم وفي كتب التفاسير والتاريخ والسير

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Abstract

This research deals with Abraha´s Campaign ( Ashab al Fil) on mecca to destroy Al-Kaaba ( Bait Allah Al-harram ) in (Five Hundred Seventy After Christ) ( Al.Fil year ) . in which that all books of interpretations, history and biographies mentioned similar or different details about this campaign, its events and causes. It is to worthy tomention that , after the fallen of ( Al.Humyria state ). And the second Abyssian invasion to yemen , when Abraha and no one else rulled yemen , tried to diverse or prevent Arabs from going to mecca (Bait Allah Al Harram) to another place , so he decided to build a church in sanaa called ( Al- Kullayss) and spent every thing on its building decoration … But he extremely faild because Arabs refused to replace (Bait Allah Al-Harram) with another place , amatter which made Abraha led agreat army headed by ahuge Fil , never seen like him befor , but he extremely defeted with his army and the huge Fil as it was mentioned by holy Koran , through (Al-Fil Sorraha) to show the greatness of Almighy God to destroy Abraha by sending huge birds Carried rigid stones throwing Abraha and his Soldiers . By this great event , the pride and dignity of Kuraish increased among other tribes of Arab penensulla. so , the date mentioned above became an essential date by which Arabs can registrate and document all their important events in Arab penessulla

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Article
The narrow concept in the Qur'an (Objective scientific study)
مفهوم الضيق في القرآن الكريم (دراسة موضوعية)

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Abstract

That God has sent His Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon Smually period of the Apostles and the lack of science and misguidance of ignorance and come close to the time and proximity of the term, and summed Muhammad, peace be upon concise words also honored him with the most generous miracle subject to human ancient and contemporary that is, the word of God, which (la done wrong in the hands of his successor download from Hakim Hamid) (separated: 42). Was recite the Koran and teach and understand the esteemed Companions that was keen not to read the verse, but with understanding and managing verse accepted that the Sun God, the Qur'an in the breasts of men of words and meanings. Because of the Koran in the critical themes and concepts I wanted to stand on the shore, trying to uncover some aspects of these concepts following the example of these advances Quran. As Tmant in the verses of the Quran and stood on the narrow verses under the comprehensive scientific objective study, because the distress and what happens with him from the scourge of crises for the same and what caused the disaster and impatience and the resulting scourge and bother, needs more attention and look at the verses of the Koran that speak of him . Koran Vgesna the incorporation esteemed prophets peace be upon them in the treatment of diseases such as those experienced by human about those conflicts that brought them souls earlier and later.


Article
Acoustic structures in surat Az_ Zumur
البُنى الصّوتية في سورة الزُّمر

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Abstract

This research highlights, depending on the modern science of the votes, the value of acoustic elements: Naber and toning, and the voices of the interval, and sounds Almjhorh and Almanmosh voice and redundancy, and value in the formation of the Quranic text in surah. The value in deepening the values of this text and identify the technical level when analyzed acoustically. This has been achieved through the study of the impact of these elements in the Sura. As well as linking aesthetic voice through music give indications of the fact meanings in this Surah.


Article
Exaggeration in Religious Thought
الغلو في الفكر الديني

Authors: م.د. ماجد حميد كصاب
Pages: 87-110
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Abstract

تنوعت الدراسات الفكرية تبعا لتنوع الرؤى الفكرية التي تتبدل وتتغير بما يطرأ على الساحة الإسلامية من مستجدات في مجال فهم النصوص الدينية والإنسانية ودراستها وحتى توظيفها, وهذا التعدد متأتٍّ من النصوص نفسها تبعا لتعدد معالجاتها أوجه الانحراف عن خط الإنسانية , آخذًة بالإنسان, واضعةً قدمه على الجادة السوية والخط المستقيم لينطلق بعدها في سعيه. وإن الأزمات التي تعصف بالمجتمعات, وتشتت قوتها أو تذهب بريحها كما يعبر القرآن, ترجع الأسباب في أغلبها إلى التأزم والتصدع الفكري بين أبناء المجتمع, مما يؤدي إلى الصراع بينهم, ومحتملات هذا الصراع كثيرة منها الظن السيئ والاتهام, وذلك هيّن ولكنّ اشدّه عندما يصل إلى التصفية الجسدية والقتل بحجة الحفاظ أو الدفاع عن المقدس, فيمرُّ الفرد أو المجتمع بانفعال نفسي حادّ يتجسّد هذا الانفعال الى سلوك سلبي؛ نتيجة تراكمات نفسية متأثرة بفكرة معينة أو شخص بعينه أو مكان مقدس, وربما بمذهب ديني أو اجتماعي أو سياسي, وهذا السلوك والانفعال النفسي الحاد يتجه صعودا أو نزولا بدافع الحب أو الولاء المفرط أو البغض المفرط, ومن المؤكد أن ينسج أصحابه مسوغات لإيجاده حتى يصبح معقولا أو مستساغا عند من يتبعه, وأحد هذه السلوكيات هو الغلو الديني, فمررت على تعريفه ونشأته, وذلك في المبحث الأول , ثم تعرضت لوجوده في الديانات القديمة واخترت أنموذجين وذلك في المبحث الثاني, تلا ذلك موقف القرآن الكريم من الغلو مبحثا ثالثا، والسنة المطهرة مبحثا رابعا, جاء هذا البحث جرّاء ما يعصف بالفكر الديني من تشدد وتطرف, ولاسيما أن الساحة العربية والعراقية بالخصوص تعاني من آثاره المدمرة .

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Article
Sura Al Waquia’a: Linguistic Study
سورة الواقعة دراسة لغوية

Authors: م.م.عبير محمد ماهر
Pages: 111-126
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Abstract

The current study is a linguistic study for one the Quranic chapter. The denotation and expressive sides in this special Sura are overwhelming for its importance. The research includes an introduction that is followed by three chapters and conclusion. Chapter one tackles the denotation issues like the assemblage and the word and phrases that are related to it. There are many chapters in Quran that are related to assemblage and the emphases on contradiction and opposition. It also included the phonetic denotation with its importance in the matter of accepting the concept of Quran .The contextual aspect also has its share here in this research. Chapter two focuses on standardized terminology, while chapter three tackled the importance of the study of eloquence and its essential role in the beauty of the words as well as its effect on human psyche. The Quranic vocabulary and phrasing are so detailed and colorful. Arabs are speechless against the Quranic tremendous beauty and secrecy of denotation and eloquent. Assistant instructor:


Article
Quranic readings by Ragheb Asfahani in his book Words of the Quran
القراءات القرآنية عند الراغب الأصفهاني في كتابه مفردات ألفاظ القرآن

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Abstract

AL- ragheb AL Isfahani adopted the reading as adesire to strengthen his liguistic views depended in this course a ccompanies linguistic and he may leave some vocabulary which had been cited by implication in some of the opinions of (Mutazilah) and speakers and the Grammarians without exaggeration and he mentioned many poets and linguists . But he did not imitate others in his eethod except his alphabetical order in the organization of the meanings of the words that he mentioned.AL- Ragheb Al Isfahani did not seek out the readers and their readings, but he relied much on what was known and knew them. And from their readings in his brief interpretation did not distinguish between the correct readings and the abnormal, there for many of the two readings were investigated with examples of the classification of the Quranic verses and its means using the two readings and the extent of histestimony and Ididnot ignore some of his response so I found that it is necessary to clarify the concepts of the correct reading and the abnormal the case and I must explain why the adoption of the desired readings, Through the presentation of examples of how to show how he got use in his book and what he said or mentioned the interpretation and tried to ask some of the facilitation of the creation of the correct reading and the abnormal and mention the readers.

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Article
The most important physical and natural manifestations in Shintoism religion
اهم المظاهر المادية والطبيعية في الديانة الشنتوية

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Abstract

The cosmic manifestations characterized by beauty and great scenery cause a catalyst to move the religious feeling when you follow some religions, Vantage his admiration for these appearances, which move in the Doakhlhm delinquency toward enjoy it and thanks and praise it and then it developed thereafter until they thought that these manifestations of the lives and hearts of analogy to them spirits and souls of these spirits and enemy forces lurking behind the appearances by a hand that gives them these appearances that liked it Vtqrbwa worship and offerings and enemy goddess or expressing these gods.


Article
The history of (Al_kindia) treasury, and its impact on the intellectual In Abbasid State Era
تاريخ الخزانة الكندية وآثارها في النهضة الفكرية في عصر الدولة العباسية

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Abstract

The extensive intellectual renaissance witnessed by the arab_islamic state in the Abbasid period, particularly its capital, Baghdad, since the second half AH is the breadth of transport movement, translation, authorship, and creativity, that has increased the production of books that has made the public bookcases full of them as well as the special reservoirs, for example, bookcases attached to mosques, churches and monasteries or that which belongs to the statesmen and it's dignitaries or that which belongs to the scholars and writers. (Al_kindia) reservoir was one of them, belongs to philosopher of Al_Arab (Al_kindee), this treasury was filled with forms of humanitarian and scientific science and the state benefited a lot from it by the proper scientific recruitment in solving a lot of religious and secular problems and that was because (Al_kindia) treasury contained a great sciences.


Article
Trotsky and his role in the revolution of 1905 - 1907 in Russian
تروتسكي ودوره في ثورة 1905 – 1907 في روسيا

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Abstract

Trotsky is dialectic and one of the most important thinkers of socialist thought in modern times. He is a distinguished preacher and influential writer in the labor movements that undermined the cesarean section of Russian both in the Revolution of 1905 and in the revolution of 1917. The research in its first part included the birth and origin of Trotsky ,The second part emphasized Trotsky's political activism until the end of 1898, his joining a group of revolutionaries, The third axis focused on Trotsky's intellectual activity until the dissolution of the Russian Social Democratic Labor Party, where he joined in Siberia with the stream of socialist democratic ideas and became a leader in his own name, While the fourth axis dealt with the issue of splitting the Russian Social Democratic Workers Party into Bolsheviks and Mensheviks. The fifth axis dealt with Trotsky's role in the Russian revolution of 1905-1907, his leadership of this revolution and his contribution to supporting workers' councils throughout Russia.


Article
The Algerian's Position of the Arab Solidarity towards the Palestinian Issue
موقف الجزائر من التضامن العربي المشترك تجاه القضية الفلسطينية 1962-1978

Authors: أ.م.د. جمال فيصل حمد
Pages: 225-240
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Abstract

The study of the Algerian position from the Arabs solidarity towards Palestine since 1962-1978 is important to disclose the Algerian role in supporting pedestrians, especially the division decree, and it represents the reality of the Algerian solidarity before as in dependence , Algeria in the era of Bin Bela and Huwary Bumidian worked hard to create the march for the Arab population and allowed the chance to unions, organization and the national forces that have the authority to take its part in the support of Palestinians by conducting national and international conferences on massive scales to win the support from all Arabs to participate in stopping the "Israel" aggression and expansion against the Palestinians, there is no doubt that Algeria by its leaders throughout its meetings and conferences called constantly to encounter the "Israel" aggression and expansion, and supported the Palestine rights.


Article
Sheikh Saeed bin Maktoum and his political and economic role In Dubai in 1878-1958
الشيخ سعيد بن مكتوم ودوره السياسيّ والاقتصاديّ في دبي 1878 – 1958

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Abstract

Sheikh Saeed bin Maktoum was one of the important figures in the history of the Emirate of Modern Dubai and the great efforts who made it during his reign to develop the basic steps for the development of the Emirate, which has seen significant shifts on the political and economic sides by the administration method pursued by the leadership of the Emirate to put his its political and economic mark particularly noted in his reign in terms of being particularly in regard to the location of its predecessors and privileges of historical paragraphs in the life of the Emirate Recognizing Sheikh Saeed Bin Maktoom rule in the Emirate of Dubai in hard Times conditions, the commercial where the Depression Control the situation after the collapse of the pearl trade, as well as internal tensions nature that roiled the Emirate that made Sheikh Saeed managed to administrate his Emirate well and crossing out on the shore of safety and to enhance political and economic position in the region.


Article
Intellectual Centers during the Albuehi’s Era (334-447 AH / 945-1055 AD)
المراكز الفكرية خلال العهد البويهي (334- 447هـ/ 945- 1055م)

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Abstract

The present study displays the former intellectual centers through Albuehi Testament and related it can be concluded that the most important things is keen on Muslims in Albuehi era. It reflects the importance of mosques and spread through the teaching of Science and the Qur'an confirm the Koran on the flag, and remained mosques retain their importance religious and secular. The most important thing was characterized by mosques in Albuehi recipe from the doctrinal and religious era has been characterized by the representation of the Shafi'i school and other Hanafi. As well as schools, centers and institutions scientific mission after the mosque was a role the president and the basis for the seminars, schools have become in the city of Nishapur delegation ranged schools and become an example for. The ligaments and Gorges after negating the military necessity, which was performed by these institutions, where the council of scientists held a social male and deliver the lectures and give the holiday has had a role scientifically and culturally and educationally privileged in the construction of the Islamic character. As well as the boards of governors and ministers who ruled Iraq was their role and their palaces bill of scholars and writers where Almhellba Council described the Council Albrhech. It can be considered Almarstanat in Islamic history as he signs on the economic and urban prosperity and power level of interest in them. The main findings of this study show the libraries and cabinets Office of important scientific institutions that help students of science and scientists alike in the seas of science and knowledge, which contained a large number of books and folders in modern jurisprudence and theology.


Article
Impact of the British Occupation on Qadiani Emergence in India (1888-1908)
أثر الاحتلال البريطاني في ظهور القاديانية في الهند (1888-1908)

Authors: م.د. زينة حارث جرجيس
Pages: 285-300
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Abstract

In Southeast Asia, witnessed India Important historical events during the time of the British occupation of the country, which represents the British East India Company, the British government began to follow a policy to weaken the Muslims rulers of India through a divide and rule among the Indian people .The Government worked to bring Hindus to support to them on the one hand the deployment of the band among Indian Muslims by creating sects and religious difference stray, and sow doubt in the minds of Indian Muslims in their faith and religion,The British government to implement its plan by showing personal Mirza Ghulam Ahmad Qadiani where they worked for his encouragement and support to bring out a new doctrine known as Qadiani.


Article
The Assyrian Emperor ShalmaneserIII (858-824 BC), his biography and achievements
الإمبراطور الآشوري شلمنصر الثالث (858-824 ق.م) سيرته وانجازاته

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Abstract

In the previous researchs, in which we studied an important figure in the history of Mesopotamia, the king's character, the Assyrian king led the Assyrian empire in a period known as the modern Assyrian period in the first section, This king took control of the purposes of the neighboring countries and annexed them to the limits of his power and give them to governors who are subject to his orders and that the policy goals and great achievements focused on the empire in various aspects of economic, political, social. It also contributed to the spread of Mesopotamia in those countries where effectively I 'm HEV A HIF A GOOD


Article
Seasonal Changes in the Borders of the Rainy and Botanical Regions in Iraq
التغيرات الموسمية في حدود الاقاليم (المطرية – النباتية) في العراق

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This research deals with the subject of classifying rainy and Botanical regions in Iraq. Changes in the borders of five regions (Rainy and Botanical), which are: the region of forests, region of wet steppes, region of the dry steppe, region semi-desert, and desert region were studied. They were shown through drawing twelve maps of Iraq that determined these regions. The boundaries of these regions are not stationary, but they shift very clearly. In addition, the study found that the rainy and plant regions in the country are divided into two parts: stationary regions, which exist through all the years; however, they change in their borders, such as semi-desert region. The other part is the non- stationary regions, which disappear in some years and appear in others, such as the steppe (wet), steppes (dry), forest, and finally the desert regions. The changing in the borders of the regions (Rainy and Botanical) in Iraq will lead to the occurrence of intersection between the natural plants in the neighboring regions; this condition will make plants for a particular region to grow within the region of another nearby. The study of changes in the borders of these regions (Rainy and Botanical) will contribute a lot in the scientific investment in various fields.


Article
Urban Development and its Negative Reflections on The Problem of Housing and Shortage of Housing in Bagdad City
النمو الحضري وانعكاساته السلبية على تنامي مشكلة الإسكان والعجز السكني في مدينة بغداد

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Abstract

The residential use is considered one of the most important uses of main urban lands .There is no city in our contemporary world without houses .Housing is an urban appearance that reflects the stage of interaction of societies with the environment .That mean the residence may change in its form and function due to the changes that occurs according to the technologic and economic development and changing of many human behavior manners. Thus the manners and stages of city development are changed due to the change of its morphologic stages .But healthy residence provided by all basic services (potablewater,electricity , sanitation …..) as well as the necessity of the house connecting with streets within the city with providing integrated system of wastes disposal. Thus the suitable residence becomes the main aim of the housing policies for the world countries. Because of the rapid increase of urbanization and immigration from countryside to cities ,the cities were crowded and a pressure was imposed on the existed residents .That caused shortage of housing .Consequently this phenomena aggravated with passing of years .this phenomena causes the expansion of random residency in the cities due to lack of urban planning and shortage of basic designs of city to cope with this huge residency which is increased in geometric progression and planning and municipalities institutions become unable to face this problem . This research concerns in urban planning in big cities and the problems that obstacles its implantation. The Planning is the scientific and practical method that comes from aims and aspirations that have justifications and basis which must be performed.


Article
The spatial variation of solar radiation in Iraq
التباين المكاني للإشعاع الشمسي في العراق

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Abstract

The solar radiation is a group of ethereal radiation emitted from the sun and it travels in the space in the form of the electromagnetic waves of about 300000KM/SEC light space. The solar radiation is regarded as the main source of energy in the atmosphere that contributes of more than (99.97) parentage of this exploited energy by the atmosphere on the earth surface. The solar energy is responsible for all the processes that occur in the atmosphere and earth surface, clouds and rains, etc. Consequently, it controls the climate and life on the earth. Because of the earth is far away from the sun. The earth receives quite little ratio of its heat amounting to 200 million and it stops all the biological and natural aspect of the energy on the earth.


Article
Social movements and their impact on the cultural and political change: Anthropological Study in demonstrations in Tahrir Square
الحركاتُ الاجتِمَاعيَّةُ وأثرُها في التّغيُّر الثقافيِّ والسِّياسيِّ بحثٌ انثروبولوجيٌّ في تظاهُراتِ ساحةِ التّحريرِ

Authors: م.د. محمد جميل احمد
Pages: 379-398
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The demonstrations are the one of the social movements that call for the Iraqi reality changes’ because of difficult conditions that community is lived, especially after 2003, as the successive governments that ruled Iraq which did not provide the required level that that the Iraqi citizens want, especially the Iraqi transition authoritarian rule to democratic governance supposed to achieve social justice and equality and the well-being of society. The factional and personal interests and the acquisition of power, competition and ongoing conflicts that exhausted society and social and infrastructure, so it's reflected in the social reality, as it forced members of the community with all its components and Achiever Marital to come up demonstrations calling forth across social networking pages (Facebook) demands the lifting of injustice about it. The present paper tries to link the theoretical literature of the research with practical part of the study which leads to accurate results. The second aspect of applying h is trying to use the curriculum and tools anthropologically in field research Kalmkablh observation and Andalus, or as required by the research of other tools. This research provides insight and thoughtful implications through anthropological manner designed. The aim of the research is trying to detect the cultural connotations of demonstrations and songs that represent the Iraqi culture, as well as awareness of the results that came from the observed extent of the change in the cultural and political side and reflection on the Iraqi society, as well as the disclosure of important events as social movements were the result of the difficult conditions experienced by the Iraqi society. okhrj search results of realistic and objective represents the reality on the ground for the demonstrations that expressed urban and rural and religious components of the Iraqi society's rights.

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Article
Cognitive management and the possibility of its application and development: A case study of the central library in Mustansiriya University
إدارة المعرفة وإمكانية تطبيقها وسبل تطويرها: دراسة حالة للمكتبة المركزية في جامعة السليمانية

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The research aims to diagnose the reality of cognitive Management in the Central Library at the University of Sulaymaniyah, and to identify the level of awareness for the management of knowledge among workers in the library. The researcher followed the documentary approach in the theoretical side and the case study method in the practical side, as has been the adoption of the questionnaire as a key tool in the search was distributed on (31) employees exited the study results of several most important: 1. The lack of a responsible party means to oversee operations and knowledge management accounting (16%) . 2. The training is the most prominent ways to develop the application of knowledge management in the library from the perspective of employees through their participation in training courses.

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