Table of content

al-academy

مجلة الاكاديمي

ISSN: 25232029 18195229
Publisher: Baghdad University
Faculty: Fine Arts
Language: Arabic

This journal is Open Access

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jornal of the college of fine Arts University of baghdad

web site : jcofarts.uobaghdad.edu.iq

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email : al.academy@cofarts.uobaghdad.edu.iq
phone number: 009647703467114
web site : jcofarts.uobaghdad.edu.iq

Table of content: 2018 volume: issue:87

Article
Domination and motivation in Mona Saudi sculptures
الهيمنة و التحفيز فـــي منحوتات منى السعودي

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Abstract

This research is the subject of "Domination and Motivation in the Sculptures of Mona the Saudi" to the study of an accomplished Arab sculptor with its varied sculptural activity between the works of the exhibition and the works of the squares, as well as its distinguished place among the contemporary Arab sculptors. This research is divided into four chapters: The first chapter deals with the general methodological framework of the research in terms of the research problem which is focused on the question: What is the hegemony and motivation in the sculptures of Mona Saudi? The importance of research and the need for it, including the technical scientific material concerned with the sculptural achievement of the Jordanian sculptor Mona Saudi as it is an important unit in the movement of contemporary Arab sculpture and including this achievement of the elements of dominance and motivation as two important processes can lend the nature of expressive form and content, Domination and motivation in the sculptures of Mona Saudi. The temporal limits for the period (2002-2012) and the limits of spatial presence of these works of sculpture inside or outside the Arab world. This chapter also identifies some important terms in the research

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Article
Violence in contemporary Iraqi drawing
العنف في الرسم العراقي المعاصر

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Abstract

The current research (violence in contemporary Iraqi drawing) study the nature of the manifestations of violence, Kdoual effective in technical text and give these functions of the images have multiple connotations psychological symbolism, and has read the text in the light of the impact of the Iraqi social reality after the recent occupation of events and to study the impact of this stage on Iraqi contemporary painting, and this research consists of three chapters included the first chapter defines the research problem, which is illustrated through the following questions which are real problems require study and research . Is constitute an objective treatment of the Academy of artistic representations of a phenomenon in the form of violence, whether representations of violence apply with what you stated them in the events that took place in Iraq, or are there to see in the recruitment of violence in the pictorial surface. The current research also aims to: disclosure of representations of violence in contemporary Iraqi drawing The search limits contained in the first chapter, it was confined to the limits of this study manifestations of violence in contemporary Iraqi drawing and for the period spanning 2003-2011. The second chapter has included theoretical framework, which included the theoretical framework of three sections, the first section, (violence in philosophical thought). The second topic dealt with (violence in the psychological aspect), while the third section dealt with (the manifestations of violence in contemporary Iraqi drawing. Ring discussing the theoretical framework and extraction of indicators him to take advantage of them and relied upon as a research tool in the analysis of the sample . The third chapter has included actions related to research and community sample and research methodology, and then the sample was analyzed. Chapter IV included the search results and conclusions as well as recommendations and suggestions, and the most prominent findings of the researcher: 1. manifestations of violence, sabotage and destruction and fear, deprivation and frustration worthwhile reality Ocean. 2. pessimist space, has implications in the sense of alienation, anxiety and aggression, sadness and vandalism and destruction. One of the main conclusions: 1. colorful images of violence multiplicity of artists who have been exposed to this topic, and this means that Souranv has appeared expression of the evil inherent in the Iraqi reality. Artist deal with reality devoutly practiced including absolute

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Article
Employing cultural forms in the works of Mohammed Ghani Hikmat and Murtada Haddad
توظيف الأشكال ألحضارية في أعمال محمد غني حكمت و مرتضى حـــداد

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Abstract

Man always reacts by employing data that he lives inside Artworks and he tries to make them an ideal speech that shows the most important intellectual trends to which he belongs, as it happened in the formal building of the ancient arts . Mesopotamia is one of the civilizations that interacted with the intellectual legibility transforming into visual symbols, so it is difficult for the researcher to interpret these symbols without considering the nature of these civilizations in general . This current search aims to identify similarities and differences in the recruitment of cultural shapes between the works of the sculptors (Mohammed Ghani Hikmat and Murtada Haddad) . Researcher adopted an approach of analytical description of the sample of his research employing cultural forms in the Iraqi contemporary sculpture, where the selected pieces of his research represent sculptures in Iraq completed within the time limits of research between the years (1970-1990). And here, the researcher analyzed two types of works of (Mohammed Ghani Hikmat and Murtada Haddad) and he has got a set of important results such as :- 1-The nature of employing the cultural forms in the sculptural works was beyond the discourse of the modern and contemporary sculpture or in its academic or classical style that sculptor had overriding them to another style by summoned an Iraqi technician achieved fully as in the model (1,4) . 2-Note the emergence deductible portion of the Sumerian statues, linked with artist completed sculptured and he employed it to connect many important rhetorical sentences as in the model (1,3)

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Article
The idea strategy in the theater
ستراتيجية الفكرة في العرض المسرحـــــــي

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Abstract

There is an association between the signifier and the signifier. This association shows the eyeball, which acquires a direct presence and whose presence influences the level of production of the hidden connotation. Because the theatrical presentation is a series of auditory-visual functions, these signs are looking for the exploration of their meanings and their evocation to form a complete loop to achieve the association of the above. This is what made the researcher to monitor the abundance of semantic shifts in theatrical presentation as long as the implications of the strategy continue in the game of semantic production with multiple horizons, and the idea in theatrical presentation tolerates multiple readings according to the references of the recipient and the relationship of the idea of producing the meaning and relation of the idea with the remaining vocabulary of a plot, language, Or music is what will be given her presence or presence. The research included a systematic framework representing the problem of research and its importance, and defined the objective and limits of the research. In the theoretical framework, the researcher dealt with two topics: the first topic: the idea in the theatrical presentation, the second topic: In the course of the research, the researcher dealt with a descriptive sample that represented the play "Women of Lorca". He then reached a set of conclusions and conclusions. Then the summary of the research in English and the list of sources

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Article
Performance of the comedian in Moliere plays
أداء الممثل الكوميدي في مسرحيات موليير

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Abstract

This research aims to study the performance of comedian in the plays of writer Moliere . The problem of research is to answer the following question: How does comedian Moliere's techniques in a number of his plays and funny acts? The research aims at revealing the means used by the comedian in his performance of a comedic character in the number of Moliere plays. The second chapter included the review of literature and the discussion of the techniques of the comedian as well as the study of Moliere's poetry in both form and content, as well as the techniques used by Moliere in writing plays. The third chapter was the study of samples of Moliere plays, theatrical Tartuf as well as school. The fourth chapter included the results of the research and conclusions: 1-Moliere alone in the production of laughter through technical means, mostly different from the other dumps of love. . 2-Most of -Moliere plays end with a happy ending. 3-Allow a wide space in front of the comedian through the narration much, allowing ample room to use the diverse movement producing laughter 4- Put in front of the comedian in his performance techniques of surprise, and coup, repetition and exaggeration, in the voice and physical expression, and depends on the audience laugh at the mechanism that transforms the living person to static material. Most of the representatives of the comedy techniques to raise the same laugh. 5-His plays were characterized by providing theatrical work of the representative through the provision of many tools in each play, which allows the actor to use in the production of laughter.

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Article
The Mechanisms of build up the dramatic construction in the films of the world of nature - National Geographic's films as a model-
آليات إنشاء ألبناء الدرامي في أفلام عالم الطبيعة (افلام ناشونال جوكرافيك انموذجا)

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Abstract

The subject of research entitled "The Mechanisms of build up the dramatic construction in the films of the world of nature - National Geographic's films as a model" emerges from the importance of the subject of the dramatic construction and its departure from its classic style due to the evolution of the visual presentation and its instruments and the specificity and emergence of a form of television production represented by the films of the world of nature which began to occupy an important space in the map of television and television channels specialized in this subject, which drove the researcher to study the mechanisms of producing the dramatic construction in this kind of film s. This research came in three chapters. The first chapter has included the framework of the research, in which the researcher reviewed its problem, represented by the following question: What are the mechanisms of producing the dramatic construction in the films of the world of nature? and it also addressed the research objectives, its importance and its limits which consist of -14- studying the films of the natural world on the channel of National Geographic - Abu Dhabi - produced in 2017. The second chapter has included the theoretical framework, which came in three sections, the first one is entitled (the dramatic construction and the technical necessity), while the second section is entitled (the components of the dramatic construction), and finally, the third topic dealt with (the mechanisms of producing the dramatic construction - image and sound). The third chapter came under the title of "the research procedures" and it included theresearch methodology and its intentional sample which contained two films (Tiger's Revenge) and (Grizzly Bear Leaves its hibernation) and the reasons behind choosing it, and it also included the tool of the research, which was built through the indicators of the theoretical framework, and was presented to a group of experts to obtain its sincerity and to show the proportion of agreement. This chapter also included the analysis unit and then, the analysis of the sample according to the indicators mentioned above. Finally, most important results and conclusions reached by the researcher.

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Article
Directing Techniques to Process the Radio Drama Script ( Khata'a Play as a Sample)
ألتقنيات الإخراجية لمعالجة النص المسرحي إذاعياً ( مسرحية خـــــــــطأ انموذجا)

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Abstract

The radio drama is considered to be one of the arts that is discovered after a long period of theater's discovery. Initially , it was the broad framework of the theater's work when radio was broadcasting the shows on the huge theaters. This beginning encouraged many of the radio specialists to correlate plays with radio and make a novice and distinctive type of art. Thus, radio drama made its first step including the following ( plays, short and long series drama as well as other types of radio arts). Because of the above mentioned , the researcher is stimulating to study directing techniques to process the radio drama script ( Khata'a play as a sample). The first chapter deals with the methodical framework, research problem and its significance, the needs of workers who work in the theater and radio to a distinctive subject explains the role of radio techniques in processing the radio drama script in addition to clarifying the aims, the significance and its procedural definition. The second chapter tackles with the way of preparing radio drama script as well as the radio actor in delivering radio drama ideas and the role of director in applying radio studio techniques to serve the radio drama script. At the end, the researcher come up with some indicators. The third chapter devotes to the procedures of the study includes the community of the study, the selected samples from local one act play. The researcher constructs a criteria in the lights of the theoretical background in order to analysis the radio listening to apply it on the current research sample. While the fourth chapter involves presenting the results come up by the researcher and recommendations according to the aim of the study. It also includes the resources, references

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Article
Problematic employ magical realism in Arab cinema Nadine Labaki's Film (HLA Lewin) example
إشكالية توظيف الواقعية السحرية في السينما العربية فلم ( هلأ لوين ) لـ (نادين لبكي) نموذجا

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Abstract

Magical realism potential bulwark plastic art and literature، and won great fame and Research cash innumerable، and like other currents of literary found his outlet in the art of cinema، quoted cinema of literature magical realism and influenced his concepts، and Arab cinema، it was necessary to have a vulnerability to stream، either Tools employing magical realism، unintentionally since the early beginnings dating back to the time of World Wars I and II، or in deliberate more mature in the twenty-first century، due to the emergence of film-makers more aware and culture، and more friction global currents. But this raises a number of problems that need to be addressed from the maker of the film، because of the difference between the Arab culture and religious and social values Arabic between them and Western civilization in general Of these problems posed by this research humble، problematic eating taboo subjects or that give rise to allergies such as religion، and problematic tournament collective and bypass the idea of the hero sole، and finally problematic time and breadth of the time of the story in the film world by carving toward the stream magical realism، and how to handle the maker Arab action for this formats

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Article
The problem of overlapping concepts in the interpretive practices of literary text (The texts of Shakespeare model)
اشكالية تداخل المفاهيم في الممارسات التأويلية للنص الادبي (نصوص شكسبير انموذجاً)

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Abstract

The scientific studies that deal with Herminutia (interpretation) as the art of reading the interpretation practiced by the recipient after his understanding of the literary texts and works of art that he sees or read them so that these readings to make the act of reading and allow him the opportunity to mature and rational reflection of each text or artistic work. Based on this, the researchers considered the establishment of the problem of their research through the search for the problematic overlap of concepts in the interpretive practices of the literary text? The second chapter dealt with the definition of the term interpretation as well as interpretation as a theory and concept, and then the indicators reached by the research, while the chapter The third of the research procedures and identification of the community and the sample, represented by the literary texts of the writer William Shakespeare, and the results and conclusions reached by the researchers were shown with the list of sources and literature

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Article
The preoccupation of mental image in the designs of internal spaces (cinema) is a model
اشتغالات الصورة الذهنية في تصاميم الفضاءات الداخلية (السينما) انموذجــا

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Abstract

The design studies, especially in their contemporary stages, have not been isolated from the subjects that underpin advanced ideas in the field of technical treatments that enrich and improve the social life of users through those technological innovations that have enhanced and changed life styles, Especially in the field of general institutional techniques, including cinemas, as the ideal places for people and visitors to this space, which can contribute to the promotion of cultural, social and technical aspects within this millennium. DONC as reflected on the positive communication and communication between the intellectual and cognitive develop individuals, including cultural and technical side of the individual. The first chapter consisted of a methodological framework for research on the problem, importance, purpose and definition of terms. The second chapter included theoretical framework for research. The third chapter deals with the research methodology, description and analysis of the models, reaching conclusions, recommendations and finally the list of sources

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Article
Dynamic Knowledge Athenaeum for Parametricism in Interior Design
مستودع المعرفة الديناميكي لحركة تعدديــــــــة الأشكال الموسطة (الباراميترسيزم) في التصميم الداخلي

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Over the last few years, the interior designer has been given the ability to access many innovative tools for new forms of unprecedented diversity and efficiency. Some design experts have described the new parametric procedures they are introducing to create new interior projects as a radical transformation that carries all the elements of a qualitative shift in interior design. The best of these parametric procedures is the technical capabilities offered by us to create new forms that are different from what has been discussed in everything that has been produced by designers and architects since modernity and even before it to the present time, which returns our design products through a series of computer programs that perform the processes that Simulates selective ecology of nature. However, it is wrong to believe that these parametric programs can be unconditionally loaded with a manager who controls their inputs and outputs. The designer is allowed to release them properly, let alone optimize them, and solve complex design issues without interference from the interior designer. Critical stages of the design process. Failures to intervene, adapt, or simply understand the algorithms given characteristics of the innovative form. Is entirely responsible for an unfortunate series of interior optimization and computerized systems analysis produced by the field of design so far. One thing that is clear to us is the definite convergence that takes place between interior design and other engineering disciplines, facilitated on the basis of data exchange through parametric modeling programs. The purpose of this research is to find creative approaches that celebrate the symbiotic and inevitable relationship in our present day between the interior designer and the computer. Founded by research and experimentation of a new dynamic method called parametricism characterized by its aesthetic effects in the interior design in the third millennium than previous movements and techniques producing the new form is certainly unprecedented

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Article
Balanced performance and structural mechanisms in industrial product design systems
الاداء المتوازن وآلياته البنائية في أنظمة تصاميم المنتجات الصناعية

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Abstract

The research focused on (balanced performance and structural mechanisms in industrial product design systems) by focusing on product development in a manner that is able to meet the human requirements through the effect of smart technology on the systems of product designs and its effectiveness in achieving the design and functional variables that have an effective effect in User and industrial products, correspond to the requirements of the user life at the level of daily interaction. The first chapter ensures the problem of research is the following question: What are the mechanisms to achieve balanced performance in some systems design to fit with the variables B N User and industrial products? The objective of the research was to identify the mechanisms of balanced performance in the design systems of industrial products and the extent of their interaction with the user. The limits of this study included electronic electrical appliances products for Brother, MICOM and L.G manufactured in 2015-2016. The second chapter contains the axes of the theoretical framework. The third chapter included the research procedures of the study society. While the fourth chapter contains the findings and conclusions reached by the researcher. The most important results were as follows: - The sample of the search for the achievement of balanced performance on the performance level resulted from the adequacy of models in the performance of tasks, and to achieve the functions desired, which in turn created a kind of interactive interaction and cultural communication, social and behavioral. The most important conclusions in the research: - The formal formative variables expressed by the mechanism of symbols and signals of the latent functional system are verified with the suitability of the use, which is based on several methodological and technical data, to show the sample models with a relative balance in the formality and clarity with the user

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Article
The Effectiveness of the Movement in Graphic Design
فاعلية الحركة في التصميم الطباعي

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Abstract

The movement is considered one of the important factors which attracts the receiver attention in designing artificial works in general, and especially in the advertisements, moreover the subject of the movement in the designing advertisements needs more care and study by the scholars. From this importance and from reaching to the basic streams of the research topic (the effect of the movement in the graphic design) the problem of the research has been set according to the following wonder: - What is the designing process that establishes the movement in the commercial advertisements designs? The researcher defined the terms that related to the subject of the research which is considered as basics depending on it in the specialty field, and there were such following terms like: the movement, the effectiveness. The second chapter discusses the theoretical framework, through two concepts: the first one is (the movement and attract the attention in the design), which includes the following points: concept of the movement in the design, the movement and getting attraction in designing the ads, and realizing the movement in designing the ads. While the second concept (applying the movement in the factors’design) which includes the following points: the structural factors and their role in doing the movement in the ads, and the function and the beauty in the movement of designing the ads. Then the theoretical framework comes with many points which are the summery of this framework. The third chapter discusses the research procedures that includes research community made from designing the commercial advertisements of the Laha magazine, then the examples have been chosen intentionally according to the descriptive approach in analyzing, to reach to the results which perform the goal of the research, and the tool of the research is set in a page recognizes the analyze axis,and also includes the analyze of samples taken from Laha magazine. The fourth chapter: includes the results that the researcher mentions some: - Possible to perform the inspiration dynamic through interjection, intervention, crossing, among the forms. - The variety of showing the sizes, forms, and colors gives the aspire to move - Gradient color and volumetric participates performing the illusion of depth and space movement. The conclusions: - Positives of the movement have a big effect in transferring the idea of the advertisement to the receiver. - Advertising designs lack of drawings, and depend on pictures at most

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Article
Creative formations in honorable prophetic decoration lines
التكوينات الابتكاريــــــــة في خطوط الحلية النبوية الشريفة

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Abstract

The Islamic art is filled with precious and holiness contents for what it carries of spiritual meanings represented by the Holy Quran, Hadith and texts which inspired the Calligrapher fertile imagination draw from it a wide space for holiness and spiritual expression with artistic explanation of aesthetic and decorative nature, its issuance pivots depended on decoration and calligraphy elements. The main elements which enriched the aesthetic and expressional side are the texts which used by the Calligraphers whom tried to be perfect and creative by presentation techniques and issuance treatments hold within the beauty of the shape and content. The most remarkable artistic achievements are honorable prophetic decoration for what it has of holiness content and religious symbol represented by the personality of the honorable prophet Mohammed (God peace upon him and his household), for this reason , the Calligraphers compete in issuance and artistic perfection of honorable prophetic decoration lines in shape varieties with indicative and aesthetic dimensions. For what the honorable prophetic decoration content has of specialty at the Calligraphers, they tried to employ its features of items and meanings which helped in produce creations with variety artistic works mixed between the holiness, aesthetic and expression side with creative issuance treatment, the Calligrapher try his best depending of what he represent of his skill and his perfect of handwritten and issuance of decoration paint map which inspired from it text meanings creative ideas within the shape organizations and variety areal partitions, so the researcher depend in his study on four chapters: The first chapter includes the study problem, its importance, its goals, its limits and terms definitions which the study deals with it , while the second chapter includes main pivots : origin of honorable prophetic decoration within consecutive time periods , also include the creative kinds of honorable prophetic decoration corresponding to shape varieties and various works , the researcher deal with creation elements and it role in create a new creative shapes and also formalism eloquence which included decoration text meanings and handwritten formations in honorable prophetic decoration. The third chapter includes analysis two samples of creative shape in its design and build up a general map for the samples and the fourth chapter includes the study results

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Article
Figurative theory (Gestalt) and its applications in Iraqi musical templates
نظرية الشكل (الجشطالت) وتطبيقاتها فــي القوالـــب الغنائيـــة العراقيـــة

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The musical templates are the fundamental reason for admiration and interest among a lot of cultural and societal medias because of the beauty of it's melodic value, where a lot of Iraqi singing and music specialists and composers try to consolidate daily life idea and translate it into music in a manner that preserve the template and rhythm horizontally and vertically, through the involvement of the scientific and philosophical concepts and theories of modern thought to reach the recipient,, as is the theory of form (Gestalt), one of the most important theories that stretched to their interpretations to the field in general art and in music science, especially, as an area that can be manifested as partial components template music, connecting and grasp form and its relationship to portions, where this theory has become a creative process to be able to actually understand the aesthetic process in the Iraqi singing templates secrets, specifically the Iraqi Maqam template, it has dealt with this research a range of related subjects in shape theory (Gestalt), the first chapter included methodological framework for research, represented by the problem and the importance of the research the aim of the research, to identify the shape theory and its applications in the Iraqi Maqam template, and the study of their role in the musical culture in Iraq. The second chapter is the theoretical framework, exemplified by the following axes: (theory of form-Gestalt), and (Iraqi musical templates). While the third chapter included the research methodology, society, and the research samples, and the application of this theory to the Iraqi maqam template, in the fourth chapter the researcher suggested a number of findings and conclusions, and a number of recommendations and suggestions, and finally a list of references

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