Table of content

Iraqi Journal of Science

المجلة العراقية للعلوم

ISSN: 00672904
Publisher: Baghdad University
Faculty: Science
Language: Arabic and English

This journal is Open Access

About

The Iraqi journal of science is a quarterly specified scientific journal issued by the Faculty of Science at the University of Baghdad. The members of the Editorial Board representing the Departments of Eight Scientific departments, college of science/ Baghdad University and its related units of research, all are professors, scientists with extensive experience and considerable skills in their field of science, as well as an advisory board in support composed of professors and scientists with great reputation in their field of science from other Colleges, universities, or research institutes. The specialty of publication includes the following fields:

1.Pure and Applied Physics.
2.Mathematical Sciences.
3.Computer Science and Information Technology.
4.Science of chemistry.
5.Bio-Science technologies.
6.Earth Sciences, geo-physics, and remote sensing.
7.Astronomy, Space Sciences, and Remote Sensing Unit.
8.Science and Research of tropical area

The visions, goals, and the mechanisms of the Iraqi Journal of Science is to publish scientific research sober in the areas of Applied and Pure Sciences and instructive Iraqi society, scientific research, scientific interest large to contribute to the development of various disciplines, which provides significant support to researchers in all scientific facilities to continue to support the development plans in Iraq.

Loading...
Contact info

Baghdad University
College of Science
Baghdad
Iraq
ijs@scbaghdad.edu.iq
07903375590
http://ijs.scbaghdad.edu.iq

Table of content: 2018 volume:59 issue:1C

Article
Antibiotic Resistant Gene Exchanged Between Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus

Authors: Bassem K. Hano --- Mohammed Flayyih Tareef
Pages: 456-462
Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Escherichia coli infections are becoming difficult treated because of extensive resistance to antibiotic among these organisms and manufacturing extended-spectrum beta lactamases enzymes (ESBLs) make them resistant to beta-lactam antibiotics. This study aims to offer a summary of the main horizontal transmission apparatuses between E. coli as well as Staphylococcus aureus and emergence resistance to antibiotics. Fifty of the E. coli and 50 of S. aureus isolates were examined to obtain minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) results. These isolates were then tested by conventional polymerase chain-reaction for the existence or absence the sulfhydryl variable SHV beta-lactamase genes. About (48%) of isolated E. coli, while (32%) of S. aureus were revealed SHV gene.

Keywords


Article
Bacteriocin from Streptococcus salivarius optimized statistically by response surface methodology active against different clinical oral pathogenic Streptococci

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

The aim of the present work was to study the possibility of producing an effective bacteriocin from bacteria naturally exists in the mouth. Streptococcus salivarius KA101 was selected among 120 oral isolates collected from healthy people based on its ability to produce an effective bactericidal bacteriocin. Modified tryptic soy agar with 2% yeast extract and 0.1% calcium carbonate was the best medium for the production of bacteriocin with an activity of 40 AU/ml. Response surface methodology (RSM) based on central composite design (CCD) was employed to build a model in order to evaluate the optimum effective factors for bacteriocin production using four factors: yeast extract, CaCO3, pH and incubation time. Based on the optimization plot generated by RSM, the suggested optimal concentrations of yeast extract and CaCO3, as well as pH and incubation time for maximum bacteriocin production (80.2 AU/ml), were 13 g/l, 1.4 g/l, 7 and 24 hrs respectively. The results showed that bacteriocin was active for 30min at 20, 30 and 40˚C while 50% of its activity was lost at 50˚C. In addition, maximum bacteriocin activity was observed at pH 6 and 7 for 30min and disappeared completely at pH 4 and 9. Moreover, bacteriocin activity was completely lost after 90min of incubation with trypsin and pepsin which confirm its protein nature. Antimicrobial activity of bacteriocin was tested against 47 clinical isolates collected from patients suffering from different dental diseases. The results showed that the bacteriocin had an inhibitory activity against different isolates of S. mitis, S. mutans, S. oralis and Enterococcus.


Article
Radon Concentration Measurement in Ainkawa Region Using Solid State Nuclear Track Detector

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Radon is the air contaminant radioactive gas which people exposed to, is a reason for lung damages and lung cancer. The areas that are subject to high radon levels are found by radon concentration measurement. The radon activity concentration, annual effective dose, and potential alpha energy concentration (PAEC), were measured in houses of Ainkawa region using CR-39 solid state nuclear track detectors SSNTDs with the sealed-can technique. In the present paper the estimated values for radon activity concentration are in the range 55.99-112.8 Bq/m3 with 84.30 Bq/m3 as a mean value, the range of annual effective dose are 1.411-2.872 mSv/y, with mean value 2.124 mSv/y, and the potential alpha energy concentration range are 6.0533-12.323 mWL with mean of 9.1133 mWL. The mean value of the radon concentration is below of 100 Bq/m3 the reference level of (WHO) World Health Organization, and well below of UK National Radiation Protection Board (NRPB) and European Commission Recommendation Level of 200 Bq/m3.

Keywords


Article
Entrance Surface Dose for patient`s undergoing X-ray examinations at Sebha medical center "Libya"

Authors: Y. A. Abdulla --- Osama B. Aljewaw
Pages: 489-493
Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Diagnostic X-ray is one of the ionizing radiation that plays an important role in medical examination. Despite its great benefit, it is considered the largest source of artificial radiation exposure to public. The aim of the study is to measure the entrance surface dose (ESD) of patients undergoing chest, lumber spine and knee X-ray examination using TLD-100. The mean Entrance surface dose of chest (PA), lumber spine (AP, LAT) and knee (AP, LAT) are 1.3mGy, 8.57mGy, 21.5mGy and 0.49mGy, 0.48mGy respectively. The ESDs measured were found to be higher than the published work.


Article
Spectroscopic study of AL nitrogen plasma produced by DC glow discharge

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

The work done in this paper to study properties for nitrogen plasma generated by method electrical discharge when the aluminum was a target. Experimental study on the effect electrodes material, applied voltages on spectroscopic parameter for DC discharge plasma in Nitrogen gas using planner electrodes were done. The electron temperature, increase with increasing applied voltage from (700 to 1100) V. While the plasma density, calculate by Stark broadening effect, which increase with it. The peaks intensities for N2 transition (λ= 336.6 nm and 391.4 nm) increase with increasing applied voltage. The vibrational energy (TVib) for N2 molecular increase from 0.165 to 0.185 eV with increasing applied voltage from (700 to 1100) V, which less than the calculated electron temperature.


Article
Effect of Silver Nanoparticles on Fluorescence Spectra of C480 dye

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

This work aim to study the effect of silver nanoparticles on fluorescence intensity of Coumarin 480 dye by using the sandwiches technique where AgNP layer had been separated from C480 layer by different type of materials such as silica, PMMA polymer and PVA polymer layer. Silver nanoparticles had been prepared by the chemical reduction method so the AgNP layer coating had been done by hot rotation liquid method. The optical properties of prepared samples had been tested by using UV-VIS absorption spectrophotometer and Fluorescence spectrophotometer. Morphology, average size and the structure of nanoparticles were estimated using AFM, SEM testes

Keywords


Article
Effect of Shaliness on Water Saturation: A Case Study of TN Field Niger Delta

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

This study was carried out to estimate the effect of shaliness on water saturation from TN field of Niger Delta. The conventional Archie and the Shaly-sand water saturation models were used in the evaluation of wells. Two sand layers (Sand 01 and 02) were mapped with thicknesses range from 76.8ft to 119.3ft across the three wells for Sand 01 and 187.5 to 339.9ft across wells TN_1 and TN_4 for Sand 02. The cross plot of the effective porosity (φe) versus volume of shale (Vsh) that was carried out, reveals a decrease in the effective porosity with an increase in shale volume. This depicts a laminated shale pattern across the entire reservoir sands. The petrophysical estimation of water saturation from the conventional method and the Shaly-sand models of Simandoux and Indonesia, show a clear disparity in water saturation. This disparity recorded, was attributed to the degree of shaliness that is associated with the reservoirs, suggestive of over estimation of water saturation of the reservoirs by the conventional model.

Keywords


Article
Well Log Analysis and Interpretation for Khasib,Tanuma, and Sa’di formations for Halfaya Oil Field in Missan Govenorate-Southern Iraq

Authors: Arjwan Hamid Fayadh --- Mad'hat E. Nasser
Pages: 520-533
Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

The study intends to interpretation of well logs to determine the petrophysical parameters for Khasib, Tanuma, and Sa'di formations in Halfaya Oil Field. Where this field is located 30 kilometers south-east of the Amara city and it is considered as one of the important fields in Iraq because of the high production of oil, because Khasib, Tanuma, and Sa'di are f carbonates reservoirs formations and important after the Mishrif Formation because of the lack of thickness of the formations compared to the amount of oil production. The Matrix Identification (MID) and the M-N crossplot were used to determine the lithology and mineralogy of the formations; through the diagrm it was found the three formations consisted mainly of calcite with some dolomite. Density – Neutron cross plot for lithology identification which shows that the formations are mainly consist of limestone with little shale.

Keywords


Article
Determination of Lateral Hydraulic Connection of the Regional Aquifers in the Western Desert-Iraq using Hydrochemical and Hydrogeological data

Authors: Bayan Muhie Hussien
Pages: 534-551
Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

In this study, lateral groundwater inflow was examined, according to the phenomena of groundwater mixing, groundwater flow and groundwater chemistry. The study region is composed of different aquifer systems; including karst-fracture media (Rattga-Jeed carbonates aquifer), fissure–porous media (Mullusi, Mullusi-Ubaid, Hartha-Rutba, and Digma-Tayarat aquifers) and porous media (Permo-carboniferous clastics rocks of Ga’ra aquifer).The aquifers are vertically super-imposed or of lateral contacts make open hydraulic connection between aquifers system. There is a severe shortage of water resources in the region because of rare precipitation and strong evapotranspiration. These conditions have hampered eco-environmental improvement. The aquifers should be considered as important water reserves for industrial use in mineral exploration and exploitation, as well agricultural purposes. The monitoring of groundwater quality network consist chemical variables (major ions concentration) and groundwater levels in sixty four water wells. The study describes the phenomena of lateral groundwater inflow (hydraulic connection) among aquifers systems using hydrogeologic phenomena compiled with the application of hydrochemical characterization on Piper Trilinear Plot. The results are supported and also benefit in studying the rational development of groundwater resources, which will significantly interpret the difference between supply and demand of groundwater, where the lateral groundwater recharge is a key factor in water balance studies, especially in semi-arid areas. Four mixing phenomena detected by Piper Trilinear Plot proved the existence of four trends of lateral groundwater flow interconnections within the hydrogeologic system. Accordingly, Al-Hamad complex hydrogeologic system can be classified into four subsystems, Mullusi-Ga’ra and Digma-Tayarat subsystem, Mullusi-Jeed and Rattga-Jeed subsystem, Mullusi-Rutba and Muhaywir-Ubaid subsystem, Mullusi and Mullusi-Ubaid subsystem.

Keywords


Article
Characterization of Soft Semi Separation Axioms in Soft Quad Topological Spaces

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Our main interest in this study is to look for soft semi separations axioms in soft quad topological spaces. We talk over and focus our attention on soft semi separation axioms in soft quad topological spaces with respect to ordinary points and soft points. Moreover study the inherited characteristics at different angles with respect to ordinary points and soft points. Some of their central properties in soft quad topological spaces are also brought under examination.

Keywords

Table of content: volume: issue: