جدول المحتويات

مجلة المثنى للعلوم الزراعية

ISSN: 40862226
الجامعة: جامعة المثنى
الكلية: العلوم
اللغة:

This journal is Open Access

حول المجلة

مجلة علمية تم ابتكارها وذلك لنشر البحوث العلمية الخاصة بالكلية

Loading...
معلومات الاتصال

WE CONTACT BY THE EMAIL OF ALMUTHANNA AGRICULTURE COLLEGE
WWW@COAMU .NET

جدول المحتويات السنة: 2017 المجلد: 5 العدد: 1

Article
Effect of Biofertilizer and Humic, Fulvic Acid Application on Growth and Productivity Corn Plant Zea mays L.
تأثير االسماد الحيوي والرش الورقي والاضافة الأرضية لحامضي الهيوميك والفولفيك في نمو وانتاجية نبات الذرة الصفراء ~Zea mays L.

Loading...
Loading...
الخلاصة

A field experiment was conducted in Agric. College, Univ. of Muthanna to study the effect of biofertilizer Humic rates 0, 10, and 20 l. ha-1, falvic acid rates 0, 2, and 4 ml l. ha-1 applications and their interaction on growth and productivity of biofertilizer B0 control, and B1 inoculated seed corn with Bacillus, during the growing season of 2015. All experiment units received 240 kg N ha-1, 80 kg p ha-1 and 120 kg K ha-1 in two doses during the plant growth. Application of biofertilizer and humic, fulvic acid on plant and soil and their interaction significantly increased plant height, content chlorophyll and dry matter weight. The highest results were accompanied to interaction of these three factors (biofertilizer, Humic, falvic acid of foliar and Humic, falvic acid added to soil. The highest dry matter and grain yield of corn were obtained at treatment from B1F2S1 10.6Meg ha-1, 7.276Meg ha-1, respectively. The B1 biofertilizer (Bacillus bacteria) was more effective than B0 (without inoculation) on most of variables of studied corn parameters. Inoculating corn seed resulted in significantly increases in plant height, chlorophyll content, dry matter weight and grain yield with an increment 8.5, 6.7, 27.51, 8.94 %, respectively.


Article
The effects of addition some soil ammendements on water status of loamy sand texture
تأثير إضافة بعض المحسنات في بعض الصفات المائية للترب خشنة النسجة (Loamy Sand)

المؤلفون: Hakam Kariem Dweny حكم كريم دويني
الصفحات: 13-20
Loading...
Loading...
الخلاصة

An experiment was conducted with pots at Agric. College, AlMuthanna Univ. Randomized complete block design was selected to include the amendment of loamy sand soil by organic matter at rates of (2 , 4 and 8ton. h-1), Ardgrow at rates (1 , 2 and 4 Kgm-2), Rock Wool at rates of (25 , 50 and 100g.m-2 ), bsides untreated control. The results showed that water holding capacity was significantly increased with organic matter amendments, as compared to Ardgrow and Rock Wool. Soil water conductivities were substaintially improved with the utilization organic matter, Rock Wool and Ardgrow as compared to control.


Article
Study the fluctuation of the levels and quality of the groundwater around the Sawa lake and the extent of its Impact on the lake water: 1-Rotate the water at Sawa lake
تأثير تذبذب مناسيب ونوعية المياه الجوفية المحيطة ببحيرة ساوة في مياه البحيرة: 1. تدوير المياه في بحيرة ساوة

Loading...
Loading...
الخلاصة

An attempt was made to study Sawa Lake, Samawah, Al-Muthanna Governorate during the period from October, 2015 to September 2016. The objective was to determine the effect of the fluctuation of lake water levels on the fluctuation and quality of the surrounding groundwater. Monthly samples were taken from lake water, pizometers and a quarterly from other wells and aquatic eyes. Additionaly, samples of the lake water column at depths of 1 m, 3 m, 4 m and 13 m. Water level of the lake and the control wells corresponded to the water level of the lake and the water levels in the wells west of the lake were resembled. The results also showed variations in the values of EC, TDS, positive and negative ions between the water of the lake bed and the observation wells and the aquatic eyes. These differences were attributed to chemical analyzes of the surface water layer of the lake. The water pulled down in one part of the West Lake may be responsible for the movement of the water at the bottom of the lake and its rotation and the maintenance of the values of electrical conductivity is fixed to the depth of 1 m at the rate of 19.30 dm -1 despite the high evaporation conditions of a free water surface. The results also indicated a high concentration of boron and lead and a low concentration of nitrates and cadmium in the lake water.


Article
Study the Fluctuation of the Levels and Quality of the Groundwater around the Sawa lake and the Extent of its Impact on the Lake water: 2- Chemistry of sediments and Soil Sawa Lake
تأثير تذبذب مناسيب ونوعية المياه الجوفية المحيطة ببحيرة ساوة في مياه البحيرة: 2- كيمياء رسوبيات وتربة بحيرة ساوة

Loading...
Loading...
الخلاصة

This study was conducted at Sawa lake, Al-Muthanna Governorate. The objective was to study the chemical properties of the sediments and the loin of the Sawa lake and the surrounding soil. The sediment samples were taken from the bottom of the lake and the kelp, besides, soil samples from the surrounding area. The chemical properties of soil and sediment such as Electrophoresis, total amount of soluble salts, reaction level, concentration of calcium, magnesium, sodium, potassium, nitrates, chlorides, sulphates, alcohols, boron and heavy metals cadmium and lead were determined. Values of electrical conductivity ranged from (80-14.4) dsm-1 and where the highest values were recorded in the soil surrounding the lake and the lowest value in the second site deposit. The values of TDS ranged between (40.8 - 7.2) gml-1 and soil interaction between 8.7-8.2 was found. The highest concentrations were observed in the soil and the lowest in the first site deposit. The concentration of calcium, magnesium, sodium, chloride and sulfate were increased on the expense of other ions. The concentration of nitrates decreased within the range of 2.45-0.84 mgl -1 and and so was boron 3.76-0.086 mgl-1 The lead values ranged from 0.0431-0.0067 mgl-1 , where the highest value in the shoulder of the first site and the lowest value was in the sediment of first site (2.8247-0.9413 mgl-1). The highest concentration in the shoulder of the second site and the lowest concentration in the soil of Lake Sawa. The mineral analysis of the soil and sediment showed the presence of kaolinite, mica and chlorite minerals in the sediments and the lake and montamolite in the lake and the ballcroxite in the soil surrounding the lake with the irregular mica-smectite in the shoulder of the first site in the lake.


Article
Effect of Method of Phosphorus Fertilizer Application and Magnetic of Irrigation Water on Growth and Yield of Helianthus annuus L. in Salty Soil.
تأثير طرائق إضافة السماد الفوسفاتي ومعالجة مياه الري مغناطيسيا في نمو وحاصل زهرة الشمس Helianthus annuus L. في تربه ملحية

Loading...
Loading...
الخلاصة

This study was conducted at AL-Bander experimental research station -College of Agriculture- University of Almuthana during 2015-2016. The study included five dose of Magnetic (0, 1000, 2000, 3000 and 4000 Guss.) and phosphorus Fertilizer aplication (Broadcast, Banding Side application and Banding at Lines). A Randomized Completely Black design (R.C.B.D) was used with four replicates. The means were compard according to L.S.D Test at The level 0.05. The Magnetized water (3000 Guss) M3 treatment highly increased stem diameter, 1000 Seeds weight, yield of seeds and seed proten percentage (21.0 mm , 71.88 g and 5.17 Mg ha-1, 34.66%, respectively). The treatment of P method of application caused significantly increases in heigh of plant, Stem diameter, leaf area and yield of Seeds (96.82 cm, 20.85 mm, 33.56 dm2 and 4.33 Mg ha-1, respectively). P3 banding application was superier over percentage of Protein in Seeds reached to 28.34%. The result of interaction between magnatic of water and P application significantly influenced growth and yield. The P2*M4 dual treatment Significantly increased the leaf area, yield and Seeds protein percentage (40.113 dm2, 5.70 Mg.h-1 and 36.81%, respectively).


Article
Effect of irrigation period and nano materials on some growth and yield characters of (Triticum aestivum L.)
تأثير مدة الري والمواد النانونية في بعض صفات نمو وحاصل حنطة الخبز Triticum aestivum L.

Loading...
Loading...
الخلاصة

Experience in plastic pots carried out on AL- Mussaib at fellow of Babylon Governorate during winter season 2015-2016 for studying the affection on mixing the Nano materials (SiO2) With the soil of Agriculture (Triticum aestivum L.) Variety Abo – Graib 3 under the level humidity. The experience had been by using arrangement split plot and the design Randomized Completely Block Design (RCBD) with three replication ,the main plots watering that are (each day 5 & 10& 15&20 days) while sub plot in the range of mixing the Nano materials with 1% & 2% &3% and control treatment .results showed the prolong duration of watering that was 20 days lead to lack of specification which were estimated and the the watering raised for 10 days in roots sum length ,tillers number and grain number per spike,the mixing of the agriculture soil with Nano materials led to enhance growth and yield characters , dominate mixing treatment at levels 2% on root length and plant height, while the mixing 3% dominate on tillers number , flag leaf area, spike number and grain number, showed treatments irrigation period interaction with mixing of nano materials significant effecting in all studies characters.


Article
Effect of the entomofungns Beauveria bassiana on different stages of Angoumois moth Sitotroga cerealella
تأثير الفطر الممرض Beauveria bassiana على الاطوار المختلفة لعثة الانجوموا Sitotroga cerealellal

Loading...
Loading...
الخلاصة

This experiment was conducted in 2016, to investigate the effect of entomofungns Beauveria bassiana on different stages of Angoumois moth Sitotroga cerealella. The Results showed that eggs hatching percentage was zero % in three concentrations of fungus Beauveria bassiana, while in the control treatment was 96%. The average of larval mortality was 16.0 % in the concentration1×106 spore/ml and the lowest percentage Larval mortality was 3.0 % in control treatment. The lowest a verge of pupa emergence was 8.3% in concentration 1×106 spore /ml, while heighest in control was 96.3 %.The height mortality of adult percentage in the concentration 1× 106 spore /ml was 96.6 %, while in control treatment was 16.6 % after 96 hours at the fungus treatment.


Article
Effects of pesticides on some wheat varieties (Triticum aestivum L.) Under the conditions of Muthanna
دراسة تأثير مبيدات الادغال في بعض أصناف الحنطة (Triticum aestivum L.) تحت ظروف محافظة المثنى

المؤلفون: Razak H. حيدر رزاق
الصفحات: 65-73
Loading...
Loading...
الخلاصة

A field experiment was conducted in Al Muthanna, Al Bandar, Agric. College, AlMuthanna Univ., during season of 2015, to study the effect of chemical control on some growth traits and four varieties of wheat. Chemical control Trains included a travertine pesticide of 1 liter / 200 liters of water and a Pantera + Lasso pesticide of 1.7 liters / 200 liters of water per hectare and pesticide 2.4-DB of 200 mg / kg soil and control treatment and four varieties Abu Ghraib, Tamoz 1, Maxibak, Ibaa99 in secondary plot. Abu Ghraib cv., showed superiority over the rest varieties, since it gave the highest plant height (113.75 cm), dry weight of the flag paper (0.254 g) and yield (5.89 t / h). Superiority of the class of Iba 99 observed in the number of spikes (20.82). Pantera + Lasso spray on the other treatments significantly gave the highest plant height (112.1 cm) and the highest yield (6.55 ton / h). The Pantera + Lasso and travertine pesticide spray treatment and 2.4.D exceeded the control treatment in the weight of 1000 grains (33.45-33.53-33.55 g, respectively). Pantera + Lasso x Abu Ghraib showed the highest plant height (119.5 cm) and yield (7.1 tons / h).


Article
Morphological study (vegetative, flowering, fruiting) of date Palm cultivars phoenix dactylifera L. varying in their maturity
دراسة الصفات المظهرية الخضرية والزهرية والثمرية لأصناف من نخيل التمر Phoenix dactylifera L. متفاوتة النضج

Loading...
Loading...
الخلاصة

This study was conducted during 2016-2017 at Abu-Khasib orchards /Basrah province to evaluate the taxonomical value of morphological characters, by which maturity variation between three cultivars can be determined. Trunk circumference was one of important characters to distinguished between alhlawee, albrhee, alkhasab cultivars which were 106cm, 191 cm, 182 cm respectively . While, the leaf length of alhlawee, albrhee and alkhasab were 321.7, 385, 372,7cm, respectively, the albrhee, leaf significantly differ from that of alhalawi and alkasab leaves, this indicated that the leaf lenght having important taxonomical values. Leaf thickness is a criterion for distinguishing between these cultivars. Length rate and weight of the spathe of alkasab cultivar significantly differ from those in Albrhee , and alhalawee cultivars, and albrhee significantly differ from that of alhalawi in the length of spathe 56, 37.7,52 cm , in 633, 250, 300g, respectively. Albrhee can be significantly distinguished from alhalawee by fruit weight at the beginning of Alkalal stage which was 10, 8.57,7.88 g, respectively, while the cultivar alkhasab could be distinguished from alhlawee and albrhee at the late stage of alkalal 12, 5,10, 8,9g, respectively.


Article
Effect of gamma rays on Quality characters of three variety of bean
تأثير أشعة كاما في الصفات النوعية لثلاث أصناف من الباقلاء

Loading...
Loading...
الخلاصة

This study was conducted at Al-Dahaara, Al-Sumawa, Iraqdu ring 2015-2016 growing season to study the growth and yield responses of tree fababeans cultivars namely Local (C1) ,French(C2) and Aspanish (C3) to seven doses of gamma rays (0 ,1, 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12 Kr) using Co60 on. Randomized Completely Block Design (R.C.B.D) were used with three replicates. Local Varity was significantly superior over others in N contained in leaves reached (7.05%) respectively. Additionally, Local Varity was significantly superior in N and protein percent contained in seeds (4.24% and 26.3, respectively). French Varity gave the highest K and protein percent in seeds (0. 90% and 26.3%, respectively). The gamma radiation (6Kr) significantly increased the average of N, K contained in leaves and with an increment ratio (8.06%, 1.24%%, respectively). 10Kr significantly increased the average of P, K and protein percent in seeds with an increment ratio (0.35%, 0.82%, and 28.6%, respectively).The combination of (C1+6Kr) treatment significantly increased N and protein percent in seeds (4.91%, 30.7, respectively). The dual treatment of (C2+4Kr) treatment significantly increased K reached (1.35%).


Article
Comparative Physiological and Anatomical and Histological study of parts of Gastroitestinal Tract Between Chicken (Gallus gallus) , Geese (Anserini domestica) and Racing Pigeon (Columba livia domestica)
دراسة فسلجية تشريحية ونسجية مقارنة لأجزاء من القناة الهضمية بين الدجاج (Gallus gallus) والاوز المحلي (Anserini domestica) والحمام الزاجل (Columba livia domestica

المؤلفون: Ahmed J. Al-yasery, أحمد جواد الياسري
الصفحات: 91-101
Loading...
Loading...
الخلاصة

This study was carried out in the laboratories of Agriculture college, Al-Muthanna University to investigate the comparative anatomical and histological structures of gastrointestinal tract in three species of avian (local poultry, local Gees and Pigeon), A18 birds was used, in which they were divided into 6 birds for each group. The anatomical results in poultry, geese and pigeon revealed that they possesses swallowing crop numerous mucous glands. In pigeon, swallowed crop was connected with muscular part of esophagus (10-15cm) length to form crop and proventriculus, which is a thick swallowing wall of conical shape. The results showed that poultry revealed significant superiorities at (P≤0.05) over geese and pigeon in anatomical dimensions of crop and gizzard, while poultry and pigeon revealed significant superiorities at (P≤0.05) over geese in proventriculus weight, length and thickness, the poultry and geese revealed a significant superiority over pigeon, while in width, the poultry revealed significant superiority on geese and pigeon

جدول المحتويات السنة: المجلد: العدد: