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مجلة المثنى للعلوم الزراعية

ISSN: 40862226
الجامعة: جامعة المثنى
الكلية: العلوم
اللغة:

This journal is Open Access

حول المجلة

مجلة علمية تم ابتكارها وذلك لنشر البحوث العلمية الخاصة بالكلية

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معلومات الاتصال

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جدول المحتويات السنة: 2017 المجلد: 5 العدد: 2

Article
Production of milk and the growth births in sheep and goat during lactation
التنبؤ بإنتاج الحليب ونمو المواليد في الاغنام والماعز خلال فترة الرضاعة

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الخلاصة

Twenty Two heads of local goats and sixteen of Awassi ewes belong to the Department of Animal Production/ College of Agriculture/ University of Al-Qadisiyah have been used in this study during birth season of the year 2013-2014, to study some factors affecting milk production and the growth of births during lactation period and to predict the milk production and the growth of births. Age of dam, sex of birth and type of birth were significantly affected (P<0.01) the total and daily milk production in goats, and this significant influence varies with the varying factors of the partial milk. The age of dam and birth's sex affect significantly affected the total and daily milk production in sheep, type of birth (P<0.01). Significant influence of varying age of dam and type of birth were observed on the partial. Sheep was excelled over goats significantly in weight of the offspring at the measurement periods 30, 45, 60, 75, 90 days, respectively. The age of dam and birth's sex and type of birth had significant effects (P<0.01) on the offspring's weight at all measurement intervals from birth until weaning at 90 days in goats. The birth type significantly (P<0.01) affected the offspring's weight at all the measurement intervals from birth until weaning at 90 days in sheep. The best prediction equations have been determined of the total milk production through partial milk and births weights during lactation, as well as weaning weight via the previous weights.


Article
Hydrochemistry Pollution Water Sediment of Slaibat Depression South Iraq
هيدروكيمياء وتلوث مياه منخفض صليبات جنوب العراق

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الخلاصة

The study was conducted on Slaibat depression in Southern Iraq between longitude 45 ° -34 ', 45 °' 52 'and Latitude 30' 50 ', 30º59 , Water samples were collected for four seasons during the period from October 2015 to July 2016 from five sites , they were selected according to the change in electrical conductivity values. Increases in electrical conductivity values were found during the spring season, with average 25.94 dsm-1, and it is over the valid limits of drinking water According to World Health Organization, and is very dangerous according Food and Agriculture Organization International (FAO). It is also very dangerous owing to the toxicity of chloride, sodium and boron. High bicarbonate effects, it is safe in regard to nitrates according to the classification of FAO. A high concentration of lead was observed during the spring 0.1908 mgl-1, the lead values were within the allowed limits for irrigation water according to the classification of FAO but, above the allowed limits of drinking water according to the World Health Organization. Concentration of both cadmium and mercury were increased in summer 0.04692, 0.00159 mgl-1 respectively, however, their concentration was not tangible by the Measuring equipment during the autumn.


Article
Cryopreservation sperm epididymis Iraq camels using pure honey bee Iraqi as a preservative
تجميد النطف البربخية لذكور الجمال العراقية باستخدام العسل النقي العراقي كمادة حافظة للنطف

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الخلاصة

This study was conducted at the laboratory of graduate studies, department of animal production / College of agriculture, University of Al-Muthanna for the period from 17/2 until 14/9/ 2016 to investigate the ability of cryopreservation of epididymis sperms for Iraqi camels and the effect of adding of honey bee (HB) to the cryopreservation solution. The testes were collected from the abattoir directly after slaughtering of animals and transferred to the laboratory in Proper temperature. the sperms were collected from the cauda of epididymis and immerged in culture medium previously prepared .the experiment was divided in to four treatments, the first before cryopreservation (control), the second cryopreservation solution only, the third cryopreservation solution with 5% honey bee concentration, the fourth cryopreservation solution with 10% honey bee .The results of the study showed significant superiority )P≤0.05( for four treatment (10%) on the second and third treatments in the individual motility, mass motility , agglutination, sperm morphology and viability. The individual motility types A,B,C were 12.66 ± 0. 76, 16.04 ± 0.86 and 16.83 ± 0.48 respectively, and for mass motility, agglutination, sperm morphology and viability were 58.00±2.00, 73.66 ± 0.42 , 46.50 ±0.42 respectively .

الكلمات الدلالية

This study was conducted at the laboratory of graduate studies --- department of animal production / College of agriculture --- University of Al-Muthanna for the period from 17/2 until 14/9/ 2016 to investigate the ability of cryopreservation of epididymis sperms for Iraqi camels and the effect of adding of honey bee (HB) to the cryopreservation solution. The testes were collected from the abattoir directly after slaughtering of animals and transferred to the laboratory in Proper temperature. the sperms were collected from the cauda of epididymis and --- اجريت الدراسة في مختبر الدراسات العليا التابع لقسم الثروة الحيوانية- كلية الزراعة /جامعة المثنى للفترة من 17/ 2/ 2016 ولغاية 14/ 9/2016 بهدف معرفة إمكانية تجميد النطف البربخية للجمال العراقية، وتأثير إضافة العسل الى محاليل التجميد . جمعت الخصى من المجزرة بعد ذبح الحيوان مباشرة ونقلت بدرجة حرارة مناسبة الى المختبر وقطع ذيل البربخ الى قطع صغيرة واضيف الوسط الزرعي SMART Medium تم تحضيره مسبقا لاستخلاص النطف . وتم تقسيم عينة النطف البربخية على معاملات التجربة الأربعة وكما يلي معاملات المعاملة الاولى قبل التجميد ( السيطرة ) والمعاملة الثانية محلول التجميد فقط والمعاملة الثالثة محلول التجميد يحتوي على عسل طبيعي %5 و المعاملة الرابعة محلول التجميد يحتوي


Article
A comparison of groundwater quality and the extent of matching to WHO limits according to the places in the Samawa desert (Iraq)
التباين المكاني في نوعية المياه الجوفية في القسم الجنوبي من الهضبة الصحراوية الغربية للعراق (بادية السماوة) ومدى مطابقتها لمواصفات WHO والمواصفات العراقية

المؤلفون: Athier Hussin اثيرعبد الرسول حسين
الصفحات: 32-39
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الخلاصة

This research included a comparison between the chemical and physical properties (water quality) of the ground water (the wells water) in the different parts of the Samawa desert to compare the quality of Samawa ground water with the limited quality of World Health Organization (WHO) for drinking water. Several parameters are made for (16) wells and (3) artesian wells which are located in the different regions of Samawa desert depending on the scientific methods of sample collection in mid - February (2016). In this research, information about the location and geological aspects of Samawa desert are provided. The results showed that there are differences in the ground water aspects (chemical and physical aspects) among wells water and most of the wells water was a saline water generally in comparison with the WHO limits. However, there are three wells possesses a good quality of water and matching with WHO limits.


Article
The relationship between genetic markers (HSC, BM1818 andMAF035) and some attributes growth in Awassi Sheep
العلاقة بين الواسمات الوراثية (HSC ،BM1818 وMAF035) وبعض صفات النمو لدى الاغنام العواسية

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الخلاصة

The study was carried out in the first Agricultural station followed experiment research, Agriculture College, AlMuthanna University and in a Laboratory dealing with the analysis of molecular genetic from 01/11/2015 until 30/8 /2016. The objective of this study was to identify and to determine the relationship between genetic markers HSC, MAF035 and BM1818 with loci (2.3, 4 and 5) , (2,3and 4) and (3,4and 5) allele respectively and Some of growth properties. Results showed significant superiority (P≤0.05) for marker HSC in genetic sites 5 allele in some of growth properties represented by rate of body increasing of infants on the other ewes carrying genetic locations, which varied among them in other qualities. The presence significant (P≤0.05) for marker MAF035 in genetic site 4 allele in birth weight and weight increasing of infants at weaning on the ewes carrying two others, the presence of significant superiority (P≤0.01) for marker BM1818 in ewes carrying site genetic 5 allele in weight at birth the superiority of significant (P≤0.05) in weight at weaning on the ewes carrying others location


Article
Field Evaluation of some Plants Water Extracts on Ammonia volatilization in Soil
التقييم الحقلي لبعض المستخلصات المائية النباتية في تطاير الامونيا من التربة

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الخلاصة

A field experiment was conducted in Al- Muthanna province. at sweer river during the growing season of 2016. The experiment was carried to evaluate efficiency of some plants water extracts (Caper seeds, Garlic) and urea treated with DMPP on ammonia volatilization in soil. Plants extracts were applied at rate of 1:10 (extract: urea). Conventional urea and urea with extracts and DMPP were applied at levels of 80, 160, 240 Kg N h - 1 with two dose. . Factorial Experiment carried out according to RCBD with three replications. Ammonia volatilization was estimated on periods of 1, 8, 15, 23, 30, 31, 38, 45, 53, and 60 day after addition. Water extract of caper seeds significantly reduced ammonia volatilization , as compared to DMPP and Plants fertilized with level 80 to 160 and 240 Kg N h – , which revealed the highest ammonia volatilization


Article
The Cytogenetic and pathological effects of toluene on female Mice

المؤلفون: Bushra I. AL-Kaisie --- Hussein A. Al-Hillali
الصفحات: 56-64
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الخلاصة

The study objective was to explore the effects of toluene on cytogenetic status incluin mitotic index, blast index, chromosomal aberration and DNA damaged, one hundred eighty adult female albino mice. They were selected randomly, equally, and then allocated into three bunches each was divided into three groups to represent control group, group 1 (G1) and group 2 (G2) administration from (LD50). These were administrated orally and continuously for 60 days with toluene at doses of 0.1 ml / kg B.W. ,and 0,2 ml / Kg B.W. Control group received olive oil and distilled water, G1 oral administration from LD50 daily for 30 days and G2 oral administration from LD50 daily for 60 days. Fasting blood samples collected by cardiac puncture technique at 0, 30 and 60 days of experimental. Blood drawn by cardiac puncture technique for measuring some parameters related to toluene toxicity on reproductive organ and cytogenetic status at 60 days. The occurrence of toxic effects of toluene manifested by central nervous sings including abnormal gait of animals in cage, tremor, ataxia and convulsion, rapid and shallow respiration, irritation of eye, as well as structural pathological changes in uterus and ovaries tissues sections including enlargement of ovaries with adhesion edematous, sloughing of endometrium, pyometria, necrosis, degeneration of ovaries cells with lymphocytic (infiltration and coughing) around blood vessels and lymphocytic granuloma with peritonitis , the results also showed toxicity effects of toluene on mitotic index , blast index , significant increase in chromosomal aberration mostly fragment and DNA damaged represented by (tail length ,tail intensity and tail movement).


Article
Responses of three wheat Triticum aestivum L. cultivars to bacterial inoculation by chroococcum Azotobacter
استجابة ثلاثة أصناف من الحنطة Triticum aestivum L. للقاح البكتيري chroococcum Azotobacter

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الخلاصة

This study was conducted in Qurna, Basra to investigate the response of three wheat cultivars to bacterial inoculation Azotobacter chroococcum during winter season (2015-2016). Three levels of bio fertilize (without fertilize, and the two Azotobacter isolations (local F1 and exported F2), and three wheat cultivars (Buhooth 22, Abu Ghraib and Ibba99) were applied. Split–plots within randomized completely block design was chosen. The main plot represented by bio-fertilizes, while the sub-main plot the cultivars represented by cultivars, each treatment was replicated 3 times. Buhooth22 wheat cultivar excelled others in the grain yield (3991.4 kg h-1) and the biological yield (11889.8 kg h-1). Bacterial inoculation has recorded grain yields (3974.0 and 3931.6 kg h-1), the highest biological yield (11568.4 and 11645.5 kg h-1) and the highest protein (466.4 and 438.0 kg h-1) for two local and exported inoculants respectively. Local inoculant was the best in 1000 grain weight, while the exported one was the best in the number of tillers and the number of spikes per meter square. The Buhooth22 inoculated with local isolation recorded gave highest1000 grain yield (48.50 g), grain yield (4584.2 kg h-1) and protein (550.3 kg h-1).


Article
Effect of use magnetic water and feed restriction time on carcasses traits broiler chicks
تأثير استخدام الماء الممغنط والتقنين الغذائي الزمني على بعض صفات الذبائح لفروج اللحم

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الخلاصة

An attempt was made to investigate the effect of use Magnetic water and feed restriction time on carcasses of broiler chicks. 216 unsexed chicks of Ross 308 strain at one day aged were used in the study. Treatment was T1: Continuous feeding + Tap water. T2: Continuous feeding + magnetic water. T3: feed withdrawal [no feeding from 9:00 AM to 5:00 PM (8 hours)] + Tap water. T4: Feed withdrawal [no feeding from 9:00 AM to 5:00 PM (8 hours)] + Magnetic water. T5: Continuous feed two days and withdrawal one day + Tap water. T6: Continuous feed two days and withdrawal one day + magnetic water. Significantly affected (P> 0.05) of magnetic water was observed on relative weight of breast heart, liver. However, this treatment significantly decrease (P> 0.05) the relative weight of abdominal fat, as compared to tap water. Significantly reductions were recorded (P<0.05) in relative weight of breast, Leg, liver, heart, gizzard , abdominal , fat. On the other hands significantly increase (P > 0.05) was found in relative weight of bursa gland of two restriction treatments, as compared to continuous feed (control). Significant affect (P>0.05) was found between water quality and time restriction feed period on the characteristics of carcasses broiler.

الكلمات الدلالية

An attempt was made to investigate the effect of use Magnetic water and feed restriction time on carcasses of broiler chicks. 216 unsexed chicks of Ross 308 strain at one day aged were used in the study. Treatment was T1: Continuous feeding + Tap water. T2: Continuous feeding + magnetic water. --- تهدف هذه الدراسة لمعرفة تأثير استخدام الماء الممغنط والتقنين الغذائي الزمني في بعض الصفات الانتاجية لفروج اللحم باستخدام 216 فرخاً من أفراخ فروج اللحم سلالة (308(ROSS غير مجنسة بعمر يوم واحد --- وزعت الأفراخ عشوائيا الى ستة معاملات وبواقع ثلاثة مكررات لكل معاملة 12 طيراً لكل مكرر وكانت المعاملات كما يلي:(T1) تغذية حرة و تقديم ماء اعتيادي (معاملة سيطرة) (T2) تغذية حرة و تقديم ماء ممغنط (T3) قطع العلف من الساعة 9صباحا الى الساعة 5 مساءا و تقديم ماء اعتيادي (T4) قطع العلف من الساعة 9صباحا الى الساعة 5 مساءا و تقديم ماء ممغنط (T5) تقديم العلف ليوميين متتاليين وقطع العلف ليوم واحد و تقديم ماء اعتيادي (T6) تقديم العلف ليوميين متتاليين وقطع العلف ليوم واحد و تقديم ماء ممغنط.


Article
Effect of levels of N and foliar application of Fe on N and Fe concentration in soil and plant
تأثير مستويات من النتروجين و الرش بالحديد المخلبي في تركيز النتروجين و الحديد في التربة و النبات

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الخلاصة

A field experiment was carried out in Al-Muthanna province, southern Iraq, 2015 to study the effect of nitrogen in four levels (0, 60, 180, 240) kg N ha-1 and foliar application of iron (0,50,100,150) mg Fe l -1 on growth and yield of wheat Al- Rashid variety. Split plot design of two factors was used in this study, nitrogen the main plot and iron was the sub plot. N3 treatment significantly excelled N2 in the plant height 109.2 cm and leaf area of 45.59 cm 2 and weight of a 1000 grain 51.95 g and the N content of plant 2.75% and N available in soil at flowering stage 32.31 mg N Kg -1 soil dry. the N3 level gave highest values of Iron concentration in plant 98.12 mg Fe reached Kg -1 dry matter and Fe available in the soil at flowering stage 3.35 mg Fe Kg -1 soil, as compared to the control. Iron F3 treatment showed the highest leaf area 47.53 cm 2 and N concentration in plant 2.72% and the iron concentration in plant 93.41 mg Fe Kg -1 dry matter and the nitrogen available and available-iron ratios in the soil at flowering , the F2 level was superior for plant height was 107.3 cm, as compared to check. N3F3 treatment was superior over all, particularly control.

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