Table of content

journal of Human Sciences

مجلة العلوم الانسانية

ISSN: 19922876
Publisher: Babylon University
Faculty: Education / Safi Al-DainAl-Heliy
Language: Arabic and English

This journal is Open Access

About

Humanities Journal

HJ is a precise scientific journal issued by College of Education for Humanities and started in 2010 to emit the rays of light to different research in both Arabic and English.
Before all, it is seasonal published four times a year.the scientific evaluation of all the researches are done at the hand of experts specialized academically and linguistically from inside and abroad.
One of the achievements the journal exudes is to issue a version exclusive to the yearly scientific conference into which many researchers, from Iraq and other countries participate. In the aggregate, the journal reaches fruition ,as it receives many notes of appreciation from Iraq and other countries for the meritorious efforts.

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Contact info

human.magazine@yahoo.com
07811309967

Table of content: 2018 volume:1 issue:25

Article
Circumlocution in Iraqi EFL Learners’ Written Contexts

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Abstract

تتناول الدراسة الاطناب كاسلوب كلامي مستخدم بواسطة طلاب جامعتي بابل والقادسية كمتعلمين اللغة الانكليزية لغة اجنبية في المرحلة الثالثة في السياقات الكتابية تهدف الدراسة ابجاد الاسباب وراء استخدام الطلاب للاطناب, اكتشاف اي طلاب من الجامعتين يستخدمونر الاطناب اكثر, تحديد النوع الاكثر استخداما للاطناب و اكتشاف اي من مبدا(مبادئ) كرايس يتم اختراقها عندما يكون الاطناب حاضرا. لهذا تفترض الدراسة ان طلاب جامعتي بابل والقادسية يستخدمون الاطناب لتخطي الفجوات الموجودة في الكتابة, طلاب جامعه القادسية يستخدمون الاطناب اكثر من طلاب جامعه بابل , الاطناب المعقد ضد السهل هو النوع الاكثر استخداما للاطناب و مبادئ الكميه والاسلوب يخترقان عند استخدام الاطناب. لتحقيق اهداف الدراسة, تقرير ادبي عن الاطناب سيقدم كذلك ستعتمد الدراسة التقرير الادبي كنموذج اضافه الى نموذج كرايس(1989)دراسات في طرق الكلمات والتي بواسطتها سيتم تحليل الاطناب تداوليا، في النهاية, النتائج حققت الفرضيات


Article
The Middle-Eastern Mythology in Gwendolyn MacEwen's The T. E. Lawrence Poems

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Abstract

The present study sheds the light on the meaning of the middle-eastern myth in the poetry of the Canadian poet as well as novelist Gwendolyn MacEwen(1941-87). Gwendolyn MacEwen acts as one of the best significant authors during 1960s as well as 1970s in Canada. At the hands of Gwendolyn MacEwen, myth-making begins to be connected more considerately with the character’s peculiar view-point. The myth which MacEwen employs is functionally important for expressing a world-view. She used to derive images as well as ideas from past as well as far away cultures in order to deepen her Canadian tradition with the most indispensable essentials for fashioning its independent history and glory. The attention towards the middle-eastern world is part of her extreme intention of rendering a glorious and brilliant time in which perfection could be touched appropriately. She searches for a world of mysticism and spirituality which she thinks necessary for finding higher degree of self-sufficiency. This study intentions to handle the middle-eastern mythology in Gwendolyn MacEwen’s masterpiece The T. E. Lawrence Poems


Article
SAMUEL TAYLOR COLERIDGE’S "KUBLA KHAN" AND THE WORKING OF IMAGINATION

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Abstract

Coleridge is one of the first generation of romantic poets who believed in the importance of imagination as an essential part of the poem."Kubla Khan" introduces the poet's theory of imagination in practice throughout following the development of its progress. The research presents Coleridge's theory of imagination and its value in the poem which is analyzed in details. Finally, the conclusion sums up the findings of the research.


Article
الحكمُ بالاقْتِضَاءِ لِلْمَعـنَى في معاني بعض حروف الجر فِي القرآنِ الكريم

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Abstract

In Arabic language, the expression 'requirement' of meaning is derived from the base verb 'require' which means 'to receive or to take' as it is originated in 'paying or settling a debt'. This concept of requirement refers to the potential of epistemic relationship that exists between the elements in a certain structure. There was a person beside AL-ASma'ee said, "Whose words are these? AL-Asma'ee replied that they are Allah words. The person then said, "No, this is not said by Allah". AL-Asma'ee said, when I restated that verse again ending it with "Allah is Exalted in Power. Full of Wisdom", the person said, 'now you are right'. AL-Asma'ee asked him, 'Do you read the Holy Quran?' he answered, 'No'. AL-Asma'ee said, 'So, how do you know that the second reading of the verse is correct rather than the first one?' The person answered that it is the intuition that helps to decide the required meaning. That's why the verse should be ended in a way that corresponds with its contextual meaning.


Article
الدلالة الزمنية للفعل الماضي عند الرضي في شرحه على الكافية

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Abstract

Al-Razi (d. 686 AH) is a prominent figure in the seventh century AH scholars. This world absorbed the issues of grammar and grammar. His book was a tributary of grammatical sciences. The book is an explanation of the adequacy of a grammatical encyclopaedia with the ability of its author to analyze and explain scientific inquiry. The book (explain the adequacy) high status among the mother of the grammar books, which called scientists, researchers and scholars - the different walks of life - to refer to them in their writings, and this is God helped me to study the temporal significance of the past act when satisfied in this research. When I began to investigate the significance In the book (explain the adequacy) found that the ground has a linguistic sense evident in giving the text language after the time, it looks at the text in terms of clues, not only in terms of rigid formulas, and has realized that these clues and the time indication and nominated for a certain time over the significance And that means that the temporal significance of the thought was not isolated from the context, believing that the Arabic, although he had only committed the three actual formulas (verb and do and do), but the temporal significance in these formulas change with evidence to enter, and these clues make a difference at The nature of the research and how to deal with the scientific material was based on three introductory statements with an introduction and sealed with the conclusion of the research. The mabahith was as follows: The first topic: the temporal significance of the past verb on the original time. The present time. the third topic: the temporal significance of the past action on the time of the future.


Article
سلطة القبيلة في شعر بني حنيفة

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Abstract

The term apostasy refers to the disintegration of many tribes in the Arabian Peninsula from Islam after the death of the Prophet (PBUH), after he succeeded in his guidance to Islam in his life, Historians and ancient historians are opposed to determining the nature and extent of apostasy. This term is a mixture between the rationales and motives of the apostate tribes in their dissolution of the nascent Islamic state, And among the tribes that have not entered Islam , and it is necessary in this research to pay attention to the cultural content of the structure of poetry in the Hanifa tribe, and the group of relations that produced it, which requires the selection of tools suitable for digging in the justification of apostasy, and problematic, and examine the role confirmed by poetry in the publicity of the tribes position, And the research of its cultural structure is based on the Hanifa tribe's abstention from Islam, its failure to perform alms, and its economic, political and military capabilities, which enable it to maintain its position.


Article
واقع السكن العشوائي وبعض خصائصه العمرانية في مدينة الحلة

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Abstract

يعد السكن العشوائي احد اهم المشاكل التي تعاني منها اغلب دول العالم ومدنها بسبب ما يشكله من سرعة في النمو العمراني تفوق توقعات المخططين, فضلا عن التعدي على الاراضي الشاغرة داخل المدن او في اطرافها والمخصصة مستقبلا لاستعمالات اخرى غير الاستعمال السكني, او التعدي على الاراضي الزراعية في اطراف المدن والتي تمثل الريف المجاور للمدينة، كما انه يمثل بؤر للبؤس والفقر الحضري بما يشكله من تدهور للحالة العمرانية لهذه المساكن وعدم انتظام الابنية والشوارع والتفاوت في المواد المستخدمة في البناء ونوع سقوف المساكن ومساحات تلك الوحدات السكنية، ومدينة الحلة (مركز محافظة بابل) واحدة من المدن التي انتشرت فيها ظاهرة السكن العشوائي اذ توزعت في جميع القطاعات البلدية للمدينة . اذ تفاوتت مساحات الوحدات السكنية والمواد المستخدمة في البناء وفي سقوف المساكن في الاحياء العشوائية


Article
الاتجاهات المعاصرة في تطوير مناهج علم الجغرافية

Authors: م.د محمد حسين محيسن
Pages: 124-141
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Abstract

The research aims at studying and taking care of contemporary trends that will develop the geo-science approach to what humanity is currently facing from a technical and scientific revolution in this field over the ages. The human community has its qualifications the ability to cope with rapid global changes that resulted from this global revolution and to give the role of geography to contribute to solving many of the problems facing the society through the establishment of a practical scientific approach based on modern technologies to be geographically after the graduation from the traditional approach to the technical part of the scientific system of which will harness modern technology to address all the problem experienced by mankind and achieve the goals of development and strategic planning .


Article
عبد الرحمن عزام وموقفه من انقلاب حسني الزعيم 1949 ومشروعي سوريا الكبرى والهلال الخصيب

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Abstract

Despite the great political role played by Abdel Rahman Azzam in the administration of the League of Arab States, the critics differed about his personality. We find a team of supporters and opponents. Each team has made its arguments. Indeed, it proves that it has done great and great services in various political fields in support of the issues of independence. Arab states, and in the same frame showed a tendency toward the Saudi axis of the Egyptian internal issues, so it is obligatory on us, especially after it became a historic figure that we re-evaluated according to the methodology of modern scientific foundations after the uncovering of some documents, it is not for the purpose of undermining personal or minimize Uh Or wish she aligned to its side or defend, but with a view to put it in its rightful place of Arab history, and whether it has an impact in the course of international events, and how it relates to the Saudi axis of Egypt? It did not disturb his actions from intransigence and disobedience to the other party of his colleagues and that he justified his actions keenness on the unity of Arab countries, has resulted in this position a sharp disagreement within the university, and the weakness in making the right decisions. Keyword: League of Arab States, Greater Syria Project, Fertile Crescent Project, Coup, Egyptian-Saudi Axis.


Article
الموقف السوفيتي من علاقات الهند مع الصين – الولايات المتحدة – باكستان خلال المدة 1980-1984

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Abstract

India-Soviet relations are one of the most important relations in South Asia between India and any other country. That is why the Soviet Union tried to maintain the balance of these relations, trying to keep India away as far as possible from China because China was in a block that is anti-Soviet and pro-US and Pakistan. This attitude also took the same direction. The Soviets tried to keep India from strengthening their relations with the United States and Pakistan in order to keep an Indian-Soviet alliance with a US-Chinese-Pakistani alliance and India remained the closest strategic ally of the Soviets throughout 1980-1984


Article
الولايات المتحدة وتنظيماتها الداخلية لولاية لويزيانا -1803 1828 .

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In 1803, the United States Government of Louisiana signed a number of laws, including the promulgation of a local constitution commensurate with the mandate of its multi-ethnic and national population and the distribution of administrative regulations. It also took into account internal reforms in all social aspects such as education, health and the economy by increasing the labor force, The United States of America with sugar, cotton and tobacco products and exported the surplus outside the establishment of the treaty with Florida of Spanish influence then to avoid border problems


Article
الحزب الديمقراطي ومعالجته للأوضاع السياسية في الولايات المتحدة (1801- 1805)

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The research consists of an introduction, two chapters, a conclusion, and a list of sources. This is a preface to a brief overview of the general situation that preceded the party's establishment. The introduction highlighted the importance and impact of the establishment of the Democratic Party in US political life between 1792 and 1805. The first study dealt with the elections of 1800 AD and the accompanying events that cast a shadow over the American political scene. The second section, which is marked by the role of the party in the political situation (1801-1805), which dealt with the situations and problems Ayash whether Interior cancel some laws restricting public freedoms was where, as well as compatibility between federalism and democracy or foreign, where the party has adopted the policy of neutrality that time about the conflicts that took place in Europe and then clarify the role of the party in the process of the Louisiana Purchase County.


Article
حركة البساسيري (ت451ه/1059م) 236-253

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The brief was to lawlessness and disrespect for the law by the weakness of Abbasid Caliphate, that lots of foreign elements the opportunity to build their own political, thus interfering in the Affairs of the Abbasid Caliphate, one of the objectives of these elements is sowing communal discord among members of the Iraqi community to break their word and take control of the country with ease, and was lax State against individuals and groups and opportunistic forces that provoke unrest , Its impact on the spread of sedition and unrest in the country and that chaos was claimed the Iraqi people, as if to an anguished Oink Abbasid by foreign powers to eliminate rebel elements, providing the perfect opportunity for foreign powers to control the country and exploiting its wealth on their own, without regard to the requirements of the Iraqi people


Article
عباس محمود العقاد ونشاطه السياسي في مصر للمدة (1919-1920 )

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هدف الباحث في هذه الدراسة إلى إلقاء الضوء على الآثار التي ترتبت على مصر التي كانت تحت وطأت الوصاية الاجنبية البريطانية بعد انتهاء الحرب العالمية الأولى عام1918، وكيف قاد حزب الوفد المصري بزعامة سعد زغلول تطلعات الشعب المصري، للتخلص من تلك الوصاية، عن طريق تقديم طلباتهم للسلطات البريطانية، التي بدورها رفضت تلك المطالب واعتقلت اعضاء الوفد المصري فتسببت بقيام ثورة عام 1919، وركزنا بصورة أساسية على نشاط عباس محمود العقاد السياسي في تلك المدة 1919-1920، التي شارك فيها مشاركة سياسية فعالة توزعت على الجانبين الفكري والعملي(التطبيقي)، وبروز مواقفهِ السياسية الحازمة والمعارضة تجاه التجاوزات البريطانية، إذ أخذت كتاباته السياسية تحفز الجماهير للوقوف ضد الأهداف البريطانية المتمثلة بالإبقاء على مصر كمستعمرة بريطانية في الشرق الأوسط، فضلاً عن ذلك فقد سلطنا الضوء على موقف العقاد من لجنة ملنر، التي أرسلتها بريطانيا الى مصر للمدة من(7 كانون الأول1919-11 تشرين الثاني 1920) لغرض الوقوف على أسباب ثورة الشعب المصري عام1919، وبحثنا كيف وقف الشعب المصري والحركة الوطنية والعقاد بوجه تلك اللجنة، لفضح سياستها التآمرية وأفشال مخططاتها الأستعمارية.


Article
أحكام الزواج في العهد القديم

Authors: م. علي سداد جعفر
Pages: 276-299
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Abstract

The marriage provisions of the Jews are among the provisions of the social systems mentioned in the books of the Old Testament and in all its decrees. However, the marriage of the Jews has changed and developed as a result of their being affected by some marriages in the neighboring peoples and also as a result of the subsequent appearance of the Talmud, in which explanations and interpretations have been developed over the years, As a result of the fatwas of their rabbis throughout the ages and in various parts of the world where they lived, the Jews defined marriage as the other peoples, religions, religions and heavenly religions knew. The word marriage came from the Arabic language in the sense of holiness. The wife does not have a wife who is not a real man and does not live in joy, blessing or peace. And marriage to the Jews as portrayed by the Old Testament was one of the conditions that made it seem like a relationship of interest, it requires that the wife to the religion of the husband and his clans and provided the dowry in the form of a sum of money or in exchange for service performed by the applicant for marriage and that the father of the bride marriage decrees And the people of the city or village attend it. The Old Testament explained an important aspect, which is the virtuous morality that a wife must have and that she should enjoy.


Article
التفكير التخيلي وعلاقته بالشخصية القلقة لدى طلبة المرحلة الإعدادية

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Concrn stems forman external presence and emotional state dependeabk onthelevel of individuality readinessis aphenomenthe affects the impait in the personality of the individual thishastaken a lot of effort psychologists in terms of its component structure and extrasand branehes where same seeit the judgmenton the personalityof the individual to beacqnainted withl the psychological characteristies of the wave found in them if the y exist can measured as a personal dimension to know the characcteristics that hispersonal concerned person considers him self as socially in competent and feeling of boldoniais described as suffering of disorder low self esteem which impedes compatibility in different areas in creases the anxiety of some individuals and makes it difficult forthem to receive in formation and introduce it to memory is an important part of the psychologyicalcon struction of man is directly linked to sourcesof attention and play an in -level of imaginative thinking among studentsithe prepartovy stage - level of personal anxietw in the students of the pripartory stage -differencein there lation ship between the imaginavy and personal studetsin prepatory stoge the stdents in prepatorystage to achieve this goal there sercher prepaeed three interviews namely the measure of imaginative thinking exniety concerns have been identified for measure of imaginative thinkingand executi atteniou tlonestyhasbeen rerified itto agronpofetperts scientific proceduves have been followed in the collectione analysisandextaction of honesty andconsistency of the mentined stadards and have become standards the final imagecnsistiny of 42 paraphsfor reflectionand 39 paragraphs for executive ettionand 56 pararaphs for peronal Anexity The level of imaginary thinking in the students is higher than average and the level of executive attention in the student is higher than average the level of personal antioty in the student is higher than average . Also there is a positive correlation thinking imaginary and executive and the personal exiety and executive attention and vision and showed no difference in the relationship between the imaginary and personal exigently concerned by sex and the difference of frigates of statistical frigates according to specialization The presence of teams no aldalaq osoiatabin executive attention and personal concern by sex While showing a difference of the existence of a statistical a coording in specialization . a number of recommendation were made including attention to educational activities that translate meaning of modern techniques in teaching which contribute to raising the level of executive attention and work on the implementation of programs to guide the reduction of anxiety in demand .


Article
القدرات المعرفية لدى طلبة المرحلة الاعدادية من ذوي اضطراب التواصل واقرانهم العاديين

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This search aim to know Cognitive abilities of middle school students with conduct disorders and from normal , and The differences of statistical significancein cognitive abilities according to (disorder , sex) , To achieve these objectives , the researcher adopted the selection of cognitive abilities prepared by the national center for measurement verified by virtual truth and truth construction and stability research tool and after verifying truth and stability , applied to basic sample of (664) middle students in public schools in Babil , after collecting and processing the data statistically using appropriate statistical methods , the following results were obtained :1- there are cognitive abilities of students with conduct disorders and from normal , 2- there are statistically significant differences in the cognitive abilities in favor of normal students but there's no differences in six.


Article
فاعلية مهارات التحليل في التذوق الادبي عند طلاب الصف الخامس الادبي في مادة الادب والنصوص

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The purpose of the research is to find out: the effectiveness of the skills of analysis in the literary taste of students in the fifth grade literary literature and texts. Based on this, the researcher adopted a experimental design with partial control and final test for the experimental and control groups. The Jihad Preparatory School located in Hilla Center chose a random sample for its research procedures. The researcher compensated between the students of the two groups in the following variables: the students' ages calculated by the months, the academic achievement of the parents and the grades of the Arabic language in the half year test for the academic year 2017-2016. The researcher formulated 106 goals and prepared a plan for the subjects to be studied in the experiment. The researcher chose the 2007 Abadi test in the literary taste, consisting of twenty questions as a tool for his research and applied the sample of the study, which are the students of the two groups, on Thursday, 27/4/2017 The researcher used the appropriate statistical means to analyze his data. The researcher concluded that the students of the experimental group were exposed to the independent variable. The study ended with a set of recommendations and suggested the following studies: 1. Conduct a similar study in other subjects of Arabic language or other subjects. 2. Conduct a similar study of the current study at the level of colleges of education to know the effectiveness of analytical skills in the development of creative thinking or critical thinking.

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