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مجلة المثنى للعلوم الزراعية

ISSN: 40862226
الجامعة: جامعة المثنى
الكلية: العلوم
اللغة:

This journal is Open Access

حول المجلة

مجلة علمية تم ابتكارها وذلك لنشر البحوث العلمية الخاصة بالكلية

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معلومات الاتصال

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جدول المحتويات السنة: 2018 المجلد: 6 العدد: 1

Article
Functional responses of the egg parasitoid , Trichogramma evanescens (Westwood) (Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatidae) on Angoumois moth , Sitotroga cerealella (Oliver) (Lipedoptera: Gelechiidae)
دراســـات مختبريـة حـول تـأثـير الأشعــــة المـايكـرويـة فــي عثــــة الحبــوب (Oliver)(Lipedoptera:Gelechiidae) Sitotroga cerealella

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الخلاصة

Laboratory studies were conducted at the college of Agriculture Al-Muthanna University in 2015 – 2016 to evaluate the effects of the exposure of different stages (egg and adults) of the Angoumois moth Sitotroga cerealella Oliver to microwave radiation at the powers of 200, 400 and 600 watts for 3 different durations (30 , 60 and 90 second respectively). 600 w for 90 s was the most effective treatment, as compared to others. Complete mortalities (100%) of eggs, 1st instar larvae , 4th instar larvae, pupae and adults were a achieved at the powers of 90 w and longest exposure time (90 s) for moth stages, respectively. An increased in larval and pupal periods and abnormal development of adults were observed due to the exposure to microwave radiation. Wheat seeds germination were 93.3, 81.7 and 65.0% at the power of 200, 400 and 600 w, respectively.

الكلمات الدلالية

Trichogramma --- evanescens --- Lepidoptera --- Moth


Article
Concentration of pollution elements and alluvial translocation by dust storm in Basra Governorate
تركيز العناصر الملوثة والترسبات المنقولة بفعل العواصف الترابية في محافظة

المؤلفون: Wafaa A. Ahmad وفاء عبدالامير احمد
الصفحات: 10-15
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الخلاصة

A study was carried out during 27 February to 25 December 2014 to detect the type of wind translocated particles and their roles in soil pollution with macro and micro elements in Basra Governorate. Dust samples were collected from Basra center and Zubair areas, Cations and anions including (Ca++, Mg++, Na+, K+, Cl=, SO4=, CO3= and HCO3-) and trace elements ( Fe , Zn , Cu , Mn , pb and Cd) were determined. Increase in the amount of sand translocated particles of dust storm, as, compared to silt and clay particles. Differences in the concentration of cations, anions and trace elements with differ intensity dust storm were recorded. High value for Ca++ found in 27 February that 228.4 and 244.0 mmol l-1in zubair and Basrah center location respectively. Additionally, high values were observed in trace element for Fe in 13 July that 12.69 and 12.75 ppm in Zubair and Basra center location respectively

الكلمات الدلالية

Pollution --- Elements --- dust --- storm


Article
Study age and growth of Planiliza abu fish in the Euphrates river that passing through Qadisiyah Governorate
دراسة عمر و نمو سمكة الخشني Planiliza abu في نهر الفرات المار في محافظة القادسيــــــــة

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الخلاصة

An Attempt to study the age and growth rates of Planiliza abu in the Euphrates River in Al-Qadisiyah Governorates. Four age groups were detected for the males and five for females. the Group (II) age and both sexes were dominated. The annual increases in length and weight decreased with the age of both fish, where the highest annual increase in length and weight occurred during the first year of fish age. Significant differences in the annual increase were found in length and weight for age group (I) and (II) for males and females. The relationship of total weight length to male and female P. abu was calculated separately and expressed in the following equations: For males Log w = 3.061Log L – 2.000 (r=0.99 , P > 0.05 ), For females Log w = 2.919Log L – 1.809 (r=0.96 , P >0.05 ), and for both sexes Log w = 3.056Log L – 1.979 (r=0.97 , P > 0.05 ), It is considered growth of Planiliza abu fish for both sexes is Isometric (3 ≤ b ). A part of M.Sc.thesis submitted by the first author*.

الكلمات الدلالية

Euphrates River --- age growth --- Planiliza abu


Article
Study of the external and internal egg traits for four poultry species reared in IRAQ
دراسة الصفات النوعية الخارجية والداخلية لبيض اربعة انواع من الطيور الداجنة المرباة في العراق

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الخلاصة

The present study aimed to compare the egg quality traits of four poultry species; duck, laying hens, Guinea fowl and local Iraqi chickens. Trait in study was the egg weight, the percentage of egg shell, yolk and Albumin, and yolk index, albumin high, shell thickness and weight of yolk and albumin. The results of the present study showed a significant increase (P≤0.05) in egg weight, shell weight, shell thickness, shell weight, yolk weight, yolk and yolk size of the duck eggs compared to other species, a significant increase (P≤0.05) in the percentage of albumin weight in domestic chicken eggs, no significant differences were observed in both the yolk and the white weight index between different groups of birds.

الكلمات الدلالية

duck --- laying hen --- Guinea fowl --- local Iraqi chickens --- egg traits.


Article
Effect of adding of fermented wheat bran by Aspergillus oryzae on some productive and physiological traits in broiler chicks.
تأثير إضافة نخالة الحنطة المخمرة بالفطر Aspergillus oryzae في بعض الصفات الإنتاجية والفسلجية لفروج اللحم

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الخلاصة

This study was conducted in poultry farm, Animal Production Dept., University of Kufa, Iraq, during the period of 16/9/2012 to 20/10/2012 to investigate the effect of adding fermented wheat bran by Aspergillus oryzae on some productive and physiological traits in broiler chicks (Ross 308). 120 unsexed first day of age chicks were used and the average weight was 42 gm. Chicks were randomly distributed to four experimental treatments (3 replicates for each treatment and 10 chicks for each replicates) ,first treatment was a control while the three other treatments were contains 1, 2 and 3% of fermented wheat bran respectively. Results showed a significant effect )P≤0.05) of treatments on live body weight. The least value was in T3 namely 1820 gm while the highest live body weight was in T2 namely 1933 gm. Significant effect )P≤0.05) of treatment total feed conception which improved in 35 days of age in T2 and T4. The results also showed no significant effects of treatments no mortality rate, PCV and Hb rate in 35 day of age.

الكلمات الدلالية

Aspergillus oryzae --- Broiler --- Wheat bran --- Fermentation .


Article
Effect different sources of plant oils and animal fats additive to diets in some characteristics of chicken meat carcasses
تأثير استخدام مصادر مختلفة من زيوت نباتيه ودهون حيوانية الى العليقة في بعض صفات ذبائح فروج اللحم

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الخلاصة

An attempt was conducted in the field of poultry farm, Agric. College, Muthanna Univ., during the period from 1/10/2016 until 4/11/2016, to investigate the influences of adding different sources of plant oils and animal fats to the diet on the carcass traits of broilers of the Ross 308 strain. Thus, the treatments were T1 first treatment (The diet contains 5% corn oil), T2 second treatment (The diet contains 5% olive oil), T3 third treatment (The diet contains 5% fat chicken) and T4 fourth treatment (The diet contains 5% fat sheep). Results showed that addition was significantly increased (p≤ 0.05) the dressing percentage without the edible intestines, the dressing percentage with edible intestines (Liver, heart, gizzard), and in the relative weight of the main segments (chest, thigh, link femoral talus). However, significant reductions were recorded in the relative weight of secondary cuttings (neck, back and wings), and in the treatment added 5% corn oil compared to the rest of the other experimental treatments.

الكلمات الدلالية

Plant oil --- animal fats --- meat carcasses --- broiler.


Article
Evaluation of the inhibitory effect of the water, alcohol and oil extract of Rosmarinus officinalis L. in some pathogenic bacteria
تقييم الفعالية التثبيطية لمستخلص المائي والكحولي والزيتي لاوراق اكليل الجبل Rosmurinus officinalis L. في بعض انواع البكتيريا المرضية

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الخلاصة

The study was conducted in the Food Science Laboratories at the college of Agriculture, Department of Food Science, for the year 2017, in order to evaluate the inhibitory effect of the Rosemurinus officinalis L. extract. In some bacteria pathogens, the result show analysis of the active substances in the leaves revealed positive results in the detection of the classics, alkaloids, phenols, flavons and resins. The inhibitory efficacy of the rosemary leaves extract (water extract on heat 20, 40 and 60, and cold and hot extract of the extract and the oil extract) was tested on three types of Gram negative bacteria: Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Proteus mirabilis, Klebsilla pneumonia and three Gram positive bacteria Bacillus cereus, Staphylococcus aureus and Micrococcus luteus. The results showed that the hot alcoholic extract gave a significant effect on the diameter of the inhibition in the bacteria under test.


Article
Limestone resources in preparing premixes used in layer production
الاستفادة من بعض مصادر حجر الكلس المحلي كمادة حاملة في انتاج مخاليط مسبقة التحضير في علائق دجاج البيض في الصفات النوعية للبيض المنتج

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الخلاصة

An experiment was conducted at the station poultry farm – office agriculture of Karbala, Ministry of Agriculture from period of 16 / 4 / 2016 to 16 / 7 / 2016. to study useful reassures different from limestone local as prier material of premix on laying hen performance and egg interior quality. 300 ISA Brown laying hen at 20 Weeks old were randomly distributed to four dietary treatment to 75 bird/ treatment .it was divided toT1: premix imported was used treatment control , T2: premix local was used treatment a prier material reassure from Alnajaf provirus, T3: premix local was used treatment a prier material reassure from Al-Muthanna provirus, T4: premix local was used treatment a prier material reassure from Erbil provirus,3replicat/ treatment(25 bird/replicate).it was continuous 12 weeks. Result in dictated that treatment had low cost feed product and no significant differences between the treatments group and the control , height albumin ,yolk index, egg shall, egg ratio yolk, egg ratio albumin, egg ratio shell.

الكلمات الدلالية

Limestone resource --- premixes --- layer production.


Article
Effect of planting date and salicylic acid spray on growth of burdock plant (Arctium lappa L.) and its roots content of quercetin and arctiin compounds
تأثير موعد الزراعة ورش حامض الساليسيلك في نمو نبات الارقطيون Arctium lappa L. ومحتوى جذوره من مركبي Quercetinو Arctiin

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الخلاصة

This experiment was conducted at the Experimental Research Station, Agric. College, Baghdad, during 2015-2016, growing to study the effect of three planting dates (15/9, 15/10 and 15/11) as a main plots, and three foliar spray rates of salicylic acid (50,100 and 200) mg..l-1 in addition to control, on growth of burdock plants (Arctium lappa L.) and their content of quercetin and arctiin compounds . The results of study showed that plants of the first planting date (15/9) significantly increased plant height , leaf area, dry weight of vegetative growth, dry weight of roots and content of arctiin (0.410 mg.plant-1 dry wt.) , as compared to other planting dates. Third planting date (15/11) significantly exceeded others in roots content of quercetin (6.428 mg.plant-1 dry wt.). 100mg.l-1 salicylic acid gave the highest plant height, leaf area, dry weight of vegetative growth and dry weight of roots, and on roots content of quercetin (6.366 mg.plant-1 dry wt.),however, 200mg.l-1 gave the highest value of arctiin (0.432 mg.plant-1 dry wt. Dual interaction showed sinificancies only in root contents of quercetin and arctiin

الكلمات الدلالية

Arctium lappa --- salicylic acid --- planting date --- quercetin arctiin


Article
Effect of Inoculation with bacteria Azospirillum brasilense and Glomus mosseae and Levels of Organic Matter in the Phosphorous available and Growth Of Barley Plant (Hordeum Vulgare L.)
تأثير التلقيح بـبكتيريا Azospirillum brasilense والفطر Glomus mosseae ومستويات مختلفة من المادة العضوية في الفسفور الجاهز ونمو حاصل الشعير (L.Hordeum vulgare)

المؤلفون: Ghanem Bahlool Nooni غانم بهلول نوني
الصفحات: 66-76
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الخلاصة

A field experiment was conducted in Al-Muthanna, Iraq, to study the effects of bio-fertilization Azospirillum brasilense and Glomus mosseae single, gathering, non-inoculation and three levels of organic matter (0, 1, 2% ) on growth of barley (Hordeum vulgare. L), grown on silty clay loam soil. Application of biofertilizer A3O2 significantly increased growth of plant in terms of plant, height, dry weight of stem, weight of 1000 seed, and available phosphorous by (94.40 cm, 2.27 gm plant-1, 28.50 gm, 27.46 mg kg-1), respectively. Plant inoculations with (Azospirillum brasilense and Glomus mosseae) improved plnat growth and available phosphors.

الكلمات الدلالية

bacterial Inoculant --- organic matter --- Azospirillum --- Glomus


Article
Effect of seeding quantity and chemical fertilizer on growth and grain yield of Oats (Avena sativa L.)
تأثير كميات البذار والتسميد الكيميائي في نمو وحاصل محصول الشوفانAvena sativa L.

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الخلاصة

A field experiment conducted at farmer field, Basra-Qurna, during 2016-2017 growing season to study the effect of seed rates 80, 100, and 120 kg.h-1. Besides fertilizes application (120 kg N.h-1), nitrogen and phosphorus combination (120 kg N.h-1 + 30 kg P.h-1), NPK (120 kg N.h-1 + 30 kg P.h-1 + 40 kg K.h-1) and their combinations on growth and grain yield of oats. Results showed that 120 Kg.h-1sowing rate gave plant high and flag leaf area, Panicle number in the square meter, grain number in panicle, grain yield , as they were (118.45 cm, 238.67 Panicle.m-2, 71.88 grain.panicle-1, 5,67 Ton.h-1), respectively. NPK (120 kg N.h-1 + 30 kg P.h-1 + 40 kg K.h-1) treatment showed the highest, as compared to others in terms of plant height, area of flag leaf, panicle number in the square meter, grain number in panicle, 1000 grain weight, and grain yield. These values were (131.11 cm, 282.78 panicle.m-2, 84.33 grain.panicle-1, 28.96 g, 6.13 Ton.h-1) respectively. Combination 120 kg.h-1 and NPK (120 kg N.h-1 + 30 kg P.h-1 + 40 kg K.h-1) recorded the highest panicle number in square meter, grain number in panicle and grain yield, as they were 300.00 Panicle.m-2, 84.72 grain.panicle-1, and 6.13 ton.h-1, respectively. Al- Muthanna University All rights reserved

الكلمات الدلالية

Oats --- Seeding rate --- NPK


Article
Evaluation of new wheat Triticum aestivum L. genotypes under al muthanna environment
تقييم تراكيب وراثية من الحنطة Triticum aestivum L. تحت ظروف محافظة المثنى

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الخلاصة

A Field experiment was carried out during growing season (2016-2017) at agricultural experimental station, Agric., Al-Muthana Univ. to evaluate the performance of local cultivars Rasheed, IPA99, Latefeyia besides Russian genotypes Coa, Nwewya, Nacowy potas. The experiments were designed according to Randomized Complete Block Design (R.C.B.D) in three replications. The results showed the superiority of Rasheed variety over others in plant height (105.1 cm), flag leaf area (55.60 cm2), chlorophyll content 306.726 mg.m-2, spike length (16.87 cm), spike grain number (64.50 seed spike-1), weight of 1000 grain (42.93g) and the biological yield (23.882 tons ha-1). Nacowy potas cultivar also revealed superiority over all investigated genotypes in fertile spike number (635 spike.m-2), percentage of protein (12%), Plant fresh weight (72.50 g), plant dry (40.23 g) and tiller number (635 tiller plant-1). The cultivars Rasheed, Latefeyia and Coa showed highest gain yields, which were 8.55, 8.00 and 8.00 tons ha-1, respectively, as compared to other cultivars.

الكلمات الدلالية

Wheat --- Genotypes --- Evaluation --- Growth --- Yield


Article
Effect of supplement different levels of watercress (Eruca Sativa) seeds on productive performance of broiler chickens
تأثير إضافة مستويات مختلفة من بذور الجرجير الى العلف في الأداء الإنتاجي لفروج اللحم

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الخلاصة

This study was conducted to determine the effect of the use of Eruca Sativa seed in diets on productive performance traits of broiler chicks. 240 chicks ross 308 average weight 40 g broiler, one day old randomly distributed to four treatments each of 60 with three replicates (20chicks per replicate) rearing in the batteries containing the cage dimensions of (1.5 × 1.0m). The treatments were control, addition 2, 4, and 6 g Eruca Sativa seed per Kg diet. Significant increases (p≤0.05) were recordedin body weight, weight gain, feed intake, feed conversion retio, water consumption and production index. However, significant reductions)p≤0.05) in mortality when Eurca Sativa seed compared to control treatment A significant improved (P ≤ 0.05) in the dressing percentage with or without dible, relative weight of internal or ganse dible (liver, heart and gizzard), of treatments in Eurca Sativa seed compared to control treatment.

الكلمات الدلالية

physiological productive --- broiler chickens


Article
Effect foliar application of different concentrations of Kally 28 and potassium nitrate on growth and yield of carrot (Daucus carrota L.)
تاثير الرش الورقي بالمحلول المغذي Kally 28 ونترات البوتاسيوم في نمو وحاصل الجزر.

المؤلفون: Faris Abrahem abed فارس ابراهيم عبيد
الصفحات: 102-109
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الخلاصة

The experiment was carried out during 2014-2015 growing season, at Shat-Al-Arab District, Basra Governorate to study the effect of spraying with kally 28 at three concentrations of (0, 2.5 and 5 mg.l-1 ) and potassium nitrate at three concentrations of ( 0 , 0.5 and 1) mM on carrot cv.Nantes growth and yield. Plants sprayed with kally 28 at 5 mg.l-1 and potassium nitrate at 1 mM 1 had significantly higher vegetative growth parameters (plant height ,leaf number.plant-1, and leaves chlorophyll content) and yield parameters( root weight ,root length , root diameter Total solid soluble of fresh roots and plant total yield of roots, as compared to other treatments. Plants sprayed with kally 28 at 5 mg.l-1 and potassium nitrate at 1 mM dual treatment gae the highest yield root weight, total soluble solids of fresh roots, roots content of carotene, root length , root diameter, and total productivity 30.56 g,22.86% ,27.00mg.g-1 , 17.5cm ,23mm ,21 .9 ton.hectar-1, respectively, as compared to control, which had low (18.78g, 14.20%, 11.0600mg.g-1, 11.56cm, 16.80 mm,9.11 ton.hectar-1 respectively.

الكلمات الدلالية

carrot kally 28 potassium nitrate --- growth yield


Article
Effect of different seeding rates of Oate and Bacterial inoculation in growth characters and forage yield for forage mixture of Oat and Egyption clover
تأثير نسب خلط كميات البذار واللقاح البكتيري في صفات النمو والحاصل للمخلوط العلفي الشوفان والبرسيم

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الخلاصة

A field experiment was conducted at agricultural research station Al- Muthana University, during the 2016 – 2017 growing season to study the effect clover bacterial inoculation and different mixture ratios of oats Avena sativa L. (25%, 50%, 75% and 100%) with one amount of seed for Trifolium alexandrinum L. (40kg. h-1)] on growth characteristics, green forage yield, dry matters forfour Oats cutting. The results showed superiority of inoculation, which recorded the highest average in four cutting in terms of number of tillers 2241tiller.m-2. The interaction between the inoculation bacteria and mixture ratio combination (75% Oats + Clover x treatment inoculation Bacterial) showed the highest total yield of green forage for 301.20ton ha-1. The combination (treatment Oats only x treatment inoculation Bacterial) gave the highest averages for four cuttings in the number of branch for Oats for 3520tiller m-2. The combination (100% Oats + Clover x treatment inoculation Bacterial) treatment was the best in the first cutting in the average leaves area of the Oats for 140.70cm2 plant-1 .

الكلمات الدلالية

Bacterial --- inoculation --- seeding rates --- Oats --- Fodder --- growth

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