جدول المحتويات

مجلة العميد

ISSN: 22270345 23119152
الجامعة: ديوان الوقف الشيعي
الكلية:
اللغة: Arabic and English

This journal is Open Access

حول المجلة



مجلة فصلية محكمة
تعنى بالأبحاث والدراسات الانسانية
تصدر عن العتبة العباسية المقدسة
صدر العدد الاول مطلع عام 2012 .

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معلومات الاتصال

Mob :+9647719487257
mob :+9647602355555
http://alameedcenter.iq
Email: alameed@alameedcenter.iq

جدول المحتويات السنة: 2017 المجلد: 6 العدد: 4

Article
The Clash of Cultures and the Search for Security: between global power and violent extremes

المؤلفون: Prof.Dr.Geoffrey P. Nash
الصفحات: 18-56
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الخلاصة

The pursuit for international security has occupied statesmen ever since the First World War ended almost a hundred years ago, but even with the best intentions, efforts to bring about order and stability in the world have still not achieved a decisive breakthrough. Peace and security – in spite of the international organizations built up after the twentieth century’s two world wars – continue to elude us. Previously, in the nineteenth century, world affairs were governed by the Powers (i.e. the major European States), who notionally depended on a ‘concert’ or balance of power to maintain international order within Europe, but who spread their imperial power through the rest of the world according to their own devices. In the twentieth century, the two Superpowers prevailed allowing their proxies to engage in wars and disturbances beyond their agreed spheres of influence. Today we live in a multi-polar world, which is no longer held in check by the receding hegemony of the remaining Superpower, and where the resultant vacuum has resulted in the break up of nations and the ascendancy of insurrectionary and state terror. How should we view future prospects, and what hope is there that the present world powers will reach an agreement that might yield the peace and security that we all desire? Realistically, as long as present circumstances prevail, we cannot expect that what in 1991 President George H. W. Bush called ‘the new world order’ will be imminently established. So, according to the terminology of international relations theory, we might attempt to understand international affairs according to the ‘pragmatic’, ‘realist’, ‘idealist’, etc. labels used to categorize the foreign policies of states; however, the assumptions on which these terms are based rely on past experience and we cannot assume that leaders will continue to behave as they did over the last one hundred and fifty years, as exemplified by the the present incumbent of the oval office.

الكلمات الدلالية

clash of culture --- cultural security --- global power --- extremism --- terrorism --- peace


Article
Cyber Security, Cultural Security and the Cyber Gap: Lessons from Middle Eastern Policy Makers Cultural Security: Concepts and Applications

المؤلفون: Prof. Dr. Brian Brivat
الصفحات: 58-81
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الخلاصة

States face ever increasing ethical, legal and rights challenges thrown up by cyber security issues both in terms of national security, the protection of cultural norms and in terms of privacy and commercial activity. These challenges interface with greater demands for online human rights across a broad spectrum from the defence of IP to the protection of identity and the limits of surveillance. There are significant variations in the level and quality of policy frameworks that respond to increasing economic reliance on internet based activity. The link between the effective operation of a national cyber security plan and the promotion and defence of online human rights in terms of national, regional or global human rights norms in what will be an ever more complex and disputed area, requires a platform for training and sharing of best practice. There have been a range of initiatives from the international donor community to engage with individual countries and to set global standards. There has been little specific and sustained focus on the interface between security and rights because different departments tend to focus on these issues. In turn, different states have widely differing conceptions of freedom of expression and cultural norms that should be allowed. This paper builds on a three year multi-country project that has established a network of cyber policy experts across the Middle East. It explores the need to manage the trade-off between public expectations of privacy, cultural difference and the need for state surveillance in cyber space. It presents the preliminary conclusions of a group of policy makers who took part in a multi-stage Fellowship programme. This group pulled back from considering some key issues, accepted profound differences of approach on other issues and devised an agenda of collaboration in spaces that they felt progress could be made on. The paper concludes on the needs to more Fellowship style network policy making and presents a broader theory of change model for developing policy responses to the challenges of cyber-crime.

الكلمات الدلالية

cyber security --- cultural security --- Middle East --- Cybercrime --- global human rights


Article
Multiple Versions of Islamic Source Texts: A Suggestion for Achieving Cultural Security

المؤلفون: Asst.Prof.Muhammad-Reza FakhrRohani
الصفحات: 84-94
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الخلاصة

Security, and particularly cultural security, are of utmost significance for sustaining the cultural capital of any nation. Although various nations may take pride in their dissimilar cultural capitals, all depending on their cultural values and heritage, the same principle of safeguarding our cultural capitals proves of conspicuous significance for our posterity and the future any nation may desire to construct. The present paper pays attention to ways of achieving cultural security vis-a-vis multiple versions of Husayni texts for our posterity and the threats and opportunities that may appear. Here Husayni literature, in its various manifestations, is regarded as a precious capital worthy of careful safeguarding for our future generations. It is here that various types of translation and annotation, when applied to Husayni literature, prove of utmost significance.


Article
Charity, Tenderness-Based Moral Education and Cultural Security

المؤلفون: Asst.Prof.Dr.Ahmad Deylami
الصفحات: 96-107
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الخلاصة

Explosion-like access of information, communications, and social media have brought about instant cultural exchanges. In itself of a tool-like nature, it can potentially be in the service of the good or evil. Availability of harmful data, represented by tempting appearance that instigate people to follow carnal desires, and sharpen and kindle more sagacious people’s desires, it urges people, and especially the religious people, to find cures for this unfavorable mass phenomenon. Hence, the question: What is the easiest and most accessible way for prevention, cure, and providing cultural security for the human and spiritual resources and capitals? The present paper focuses on the notion of moral education based on tenderness and charity as the fastest and firmest ways for achieving cultural security, particularly based on the Quranic and Ahl al-Bayt legacies. This method never contradicts the minimal legal and state-based requirements; however, these requirements should be designed and practiced according to charity/ tenderness-based moral education strategies.

الكلمات الدلالية

Moral education --- Cultural security --- Tenderness --- Charity --- The Ahl al-Bayt moral conduct.


Article
Moral Language Endangerment

المؤلفون: Lec.Dr. Ramia Fu'ad Abdulazeez (Ph.D.)
الصفحات: 109-124
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الخلاصة

This paper is concerned with the concept of moral language endangerment by which is meant the unnoticed danger that a language is exposed to in what makes its identity at stake. It comes as an offspring of certain mechanisms the unfolding of which is the main concern of this work. Thus, the paper starts with defining the concept of physical language endangerment and showing its strategies, then defining its counterpart, i.e. moral language endangerment by comparing it to the former spotting Arabic as a case under scrutiny. Finally, a number of conclusions and recommendations are listed.

الكلمات الدلالية

endangerment --- cultural security --- need for diversity --- moral language


Article
Culture and Critical Thinking Skills for Language Learners

المؤلفون: Lec.Dr. Muna Mohammed Abbas Alkhateeb
الصفحات: 126-140
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الخلاصة

Language Learning is a an indispensable part of human culture. A major purpose of language is to express thoughts, knowledge, and beliefs through the processes of teaching and learning. As a result of learning and functioning in a language, culture is sustained through generations (Salili & Hossain,2007). At the same time, culture also influences how knowledge, teaching and learning are construed as well as how teaching and learning are practiced. The knowledge is acquired in a particular cultural context transforms into schemata (mental representation of knowledge based on personal experience) that may not be universally acceptable. A better understanding of the interdependency of language and culture is paramount to the development of appropriate learning strategies to meet the needs of an increasingly changing world. This paper examines the influence of culture on language learning in relation to the teaching and learning of critical thinking in the context of professional education. The increasing emphasis on critical thinking in education at all levels is applicable to any culture that is currently influenced by changes in the global environment, but how culture influences the increasing emphasis on critical thinking is not certain. Just as culture affects how people construe and practice teaching and learning (Merriam, 2007), culture can also have an important influence on how critical thinking is perceived and exercised. The ability to think well does not guarantee one’s ability to communicate effectively. Students are trained with critical thinking skills in order to solve problems or make decisions; if they do not know how to present their ideas appropriately, the efforts spent in critical thinking would be futile. While it is important to consider the language ability of students, the manners and methods involved in the expression of their critical thoughts should also be made explicit to others, regardless of their cultural backgrounds.


Article
Cultural Security: Stagnation or Safety?

المؤلفون: Asst. Lectu. Sophia Butt
الصفحات: 142-160
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الخلاصة

When reflecting on the concept of cultural security, it is important to be mindful of its multi-faceted existenceand its far-reaching impact on individuals across the world,and,ifpondered from a theological perspective, in thehereafter, too. Definitions of the term ‘culture’ are largely demographic in nature,premised on the idiosyncrasies of a nation. They commonly focus on heritage and both the conservation and celebration of diversity in architecture, art, clothes, cuisine, language, literature, music, religion, tradition, and much more. Culture is, therefore,the manifestation of a multi-layered reality, a tool through which individuals craft their identity and their paths through life. Thus, it is no surprise that the preservation of cultures is of paramount importance to anthropologists, sociologists and some theologians, and naturally, individuals whopossessan innate desire to seek comfort in the familiar. However, in recent years, the term cultural security has also taken on meanings other than those associated exclusively with nations and individuals.

الكلمات الدلالية

cultural security --- safety --- characteristic of neoliberalism --- Cultural Heritage


Article
Cultural Insecurity: Where Lies the Threat?

المؤلفون: Asst.Lec.Hasan Shikoh
الصفحات: 162-170
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الخلاصة

In Cultural Security conferences and tea party drawing room discussions, there seems to be much concern about two particular issues on the subject: the articulation of an accurate definition of ‘culture’, and identifying the external threats to the same.Extremely complicated definitions are obsessed over, and thus, much time and effort is expended on what seems to be an endless pursuit. The United Nations may defineculture in a particular way, dictionaries in anotherand learned professors in their way, but in the wake of this intellectual wrestling, the bottom line isthat whatever it may entail, culture is, simply put, a way of life. Then, in the twists and turns of the intellectual jousting regarding what aspects of the human existence may be includedin or excluded from it, the issue of security is considered, and the default stress seems toprimarily be placed on the ‘external’ forces as being the greatest threat.It is rare for one to hear participants and others who are concerned about their cultural security, to lay equal, let alonegreater, stress on the factors of theinternal threat to their culture.


Article
Cultural Security of Indian Muslims: Sir Syed Ahmed Khan and His Legacy

المؤلفون: Asst.Lecu.Sujan Mondal
الصفحات: 172-186
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الخلاصة

In the middle of Nineteenth century, the Indian Muslims confronted with the crucial problems of the devastation of the long 800 years of Mughal Dynasty/ Muslim’s rule and concomitant colonial expansion of the British in India. The failure of the Revolt of 1857/ Mutiny/ First War of Independence exacerbated plight of the Indian Muslims. In post-1857 India, several forces- both external as well as internal - were working against the Muslims in India. The Britishers’ retaliatory havoc in post-1857, colonial domination in the transformed historical situation and the darkness of ignorance engulfed the Indian Muslims. The condition of Muslims was deplorable as they were most backward in education and economically shattered and politically defeated by the East India Company. The entire community was distressed and helpless, and their culture, identity and existence were at stake in Hindustan. At that critical juncture, Sir Syed Ahmed Khan (1817-1898), confronting the situation and negotiating with colonial modernity, came forward with western modern science and English education in one hand and the light of the Quran on the other hand to offer a solution to the Muslim community from this decadence. Syed Ahmed was a distinguished scholar, philosopher, historian, Islamic reformer, educationist, political ideologue, archaeologist, lawyer and a humanist who transformed socio-political, cultural situation of Muslims in post- 1857 India. He was primarily concerned about the socio-cultural issues and modern education of the Indian Muslims. With a view to modernizing and uplifting the socio-cultural and economic status of the Muslims, he laid the foundation of Muhammadan Anglo-Oriental College (1975), which was later transformed into Aligarh Muslim University (1920). Aligarh Muslim University has been serving as a socio-cultural Movement for protecting and preserving the cultural heritage and religious identity of the Indian Muslims.

الكلمات الدلالية

Syed Ahmed Khan --- Culture --- Security --- Indian Muslim --- Aligarh Movement


Article
The Importance of Cyber Security as a Part of The National Security System

المؤلفون: ASST.LECU.SAFA MAHDI UBEID AL-WAALI
الصفحات: 188-208
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الخلاصة

The research examines the importance of cyber security at the present time after the Intrusion of cyber technology to all life sectors. The unrestricted, un organized and open usage of technology had significantly reflected on people’s life, their security, and their privacy breaking all barriers and trammels shedding effect on the social cultural identity and changing of life manners. Cyber security is an important part of country’s national security systems, It is considered an intellectual demolition tool used widely by enemies to reach the minds of people exporting ideas and information to people's brains. Cyber technology had become a crucial part of people’s life and went even further to be non- relinquished. This research will look over the conception of cyber and cultural security, its formation, and connections to other concepts of soft power. It also studies the reality of cyber security in Iraq and the world, the usage of electronic means in cyber-attacks and smart wars targeting Iraq open space. The Paper will present Examples, and solutions. Suggested solutions will go into two directions: short term tactical and long term strategic solutions aiming to strengthening national defensive cyber systems and achieve high levels of control on the national cyber space. Technology has become an active mean of intellectual terrorism and change of human’s life trends. It reduces time, efforts, and resources and turned the world to be a small ring with easy reach to all its far ends and points. Cyber wars has relied mainly on psycho means with direct and indirect influence or control the public psychology by using soft power tools partially or totally benefiting of ignorance and negligence among some societal groups, those who do not realize the risk of the usage of electronic devices, communications and internet. Iraq is suffering of control loss due to lack of policies and absence of restrictions lead to easy access of intruders to the minds of people building mental images and causing intellectual confusion deforming the human cultural identity. From another side cyber technologies can have a lot of merits and positive impact if used correctly, and efficiently in a way that serves the national goals supporting the defensive, precautionary cyber security systems. This in which creates an awareness of electronic threats and risks and set up an intellectual boundaries to protect the institutional, human, national identity, cultural values and cultural security through solid intellectual and cultural immunity knowledge. The research will end concluding couple of suggestions, recommendations and solutions forming a future work plan to control, manage cyber risks and protect the national cultural identity.

الكلمات الدلالية

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