Table of content

journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly)

مجلة القادسية للعلوم الصرفة (فصلية).

ISSN: 19972490
Publisher: Al-Qadisiyah University
Faculty: Science
Language: Arabic and English

This journal is Open Access

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ISSN:1997-2490, The magazine published research sober after evaluation by teachers qualified with experience in the field of their specialty, as well as the Btadhad research and refinement in both Arabic and English and supervision of print in its position as scientific as well as the allocation of a copy of each number of researchers who presented their research for publication and send a copy to the ministry and the presidency of the University and the Central Library universities and colleges as well as the magazine to pay wages to the post of resident scientists

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Table of content: 2014 volume:19 issue:4

Article
Isolation and identificationof fungi from outer surface of the insect Red flour beetleTriboliumcastaneum (Herbest) (Coleoptera :Tenebrionidae)andcowpea weevikCallosobruchus maculatus(F.) (Coleoptera :Bruchidae) and the study of some virulence factors in the province of Dhi Qar
عزل وتشخيص الفطريات الملوثة للسطح الخارجي لخنفساء الطحين الصدئية Triboliumcastaneum (Herbest) (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae) (.F)maculatus Callosobruchus و خنفساء اللوبيا الجنوبية (Bruchidae: Coleoptera) ودراسة بعض عوامل الضراوة عليها في محافظة ذي قار

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Abstract

Was isolated 18 Type slept fungi contaminated external surface for 50 samples of the insectRed flour beetleTribolinmcastaneum and 50 samples of the insect cowpea woevCallosobruchusmaculatus collected from the markets of flour and beans were obtained Alihamn local markets in Nasiriyah of DhiQar province, during the months of February and March in 2014 has consisted of eight races are fungi,Mucor, ,Fusarium, RhizopusPaecilomyces,,EmericellaAspergillus,Altarnaria Penicillium.The fungus was more reluctant and is A.flavusby 27.06% and less hesitant fungus is fungus Emericellasp and 2.26% for this insect Red flour beetle, and tested the ability of producing fungi Alafla toxin and analyzed blood laboratory. The results were that all isolates the genus Aspergillus have the ability to secrete Alaflatoxin, either the decomposition of the blood she stated Altnaúj all fungi to break down blood HakablahSepedoniumsp exception was his ability weakتممع لمم 9أجنمم ممف ريات امم و ريللسطمما يلرممتل ري مم ج 50لينمما ممف خمم ا نارمم ريتحممممميف ري ممممم ياTribolinmcastaneumو50 مممممف خممممم ا نارممممم ريلس يممممم ري نس يممممما Callosobruchusmaculatus ريتمم جل مم ممف رمنممسرح ممف ريتحمميف وريلس يمم يمم تممع ريح س لليه ف رمنسرح ريلحليا ف قض رين ص اا ف ح فظا ذي ق مل همه ي هم ط ورذر ف ل م 2014 ,وق تلثل ريات ا و تر ا رجن ه Rhizopus ,,Mucor,,Fusarium,EmericellaAspergillus,Altarnaria, Sepedoniumsp,Penicillium,Paecilomycesوك ن ركث ريات ا و تك ر ر ف ريحخم تيف هس فت flavus.Aو نر ا 06.27%و98.33%ورقل ريات ا و ت ددر هس فتم Emericellasp و نر ا 26.2%هذر ينر ا ريحخ ا نار ريتحميف ري م يا, فم ميف حخم ا نارم ريلس يم ري نس يممممممما هممممممم فتممممممم Penicillium1 أقمممممممل ريات اممممممم و ت ددرو نرممممممم ا 91.2%وفتممممممم Penicillium3أقلهمم هممس ر و نرمم ا 2%ور ت مم و ق ليمما ريات امم و للمما رلاتمم ي رمفلتسكرمميف وتحلل ري م ت ا . وك لا رينت ج رن جليع ري مو جنس Aspergillusيه ق ليا للما رفم ر رمفلتسكرمممميف,ر تحلممممل ريمممم م ف ينمممم ريتنمممم ج جليممممع ريات امممم و يه ق ليمممما للمممما تحلممممل ريمممم م أنتثن Sepedoniumspفك لا يا ق ليا ض ياا .


Article
Study the IL-12/P70 serum level in acute myeloid leukemia patients before &after chemotherapy

Authors: T.A_A. Hussain
Pages: 1-6
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Abstract

IL-12 P70 is a key immunoregulatory cytokine with a molecular weight of 70 kDa . is produced mainly by DCs, MФs, monocytes, neutrophils, microglia cells and, to a lesser extent, by B cells IL-12 exerts potent anti-tumor activity through activation of immune effector mechanisms or direct targeting of tumor cells. The aim of this study to evaluate serum IL-12 P70 concentration of patients before and after treatment ,and comparative with control subjects . The other aims is to associate this protein with age groups stage and the gender . A direct ELISA was used to quantify serum IL-12 P70 concentrations in 60 patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML)and 15 healthy subjects (control) . We found serum concentrations of IL-12 P70 were significant increase in patients with AML after treatment in compared with patients before treatment (P< 0.5) . Experimental data suggest that they may suppress apoptosis and thus promote tumorigenesis

Keywords

IL-12/P70 --- AML --- ELISA


Article
The effect of uranyl acetate toxicity in the tissues of the heart, Liver, kidney and blood physiological & biochemical Parameters in male rabbit's

Authors: Nael M. S. AL-Hamzawy
Pages: 7-27
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The aim of current research to study changes in some tissues and physiological and biochemical blood tests resulting from the effect of the uranyl acetate toxicity with using concentrations (25,35) mgkg represent in high rates as one of the salts of uranium, spreading in some endemic areas with this toxic and radioactive substance. The study included 18 animals of local's rabbits ,which were divided into three groups, the control group: that was treated orally 1 ml kg of Physiological salt solution (Normal Saline) during the trial period amounting one month (30 days),The first group: treated 25 mg kg of body weight of the animal the length of the experiment, The second group was treated 35mg kg of body weight during the experiment. The results of the experiment Showed that there was a significant decrease (P <0.05) in red blood corpuscles count (RBCc) and Packed cells volume (PCV), while there was a significant increase in both the amount of Hemoglobin (Hb) and white blood cells count (WBCc) in comparison with control group. As for the results of biochemical blood tests have revealed the existence of a significant increase (P <0.05) in the amount of triglycerides( TG), cholesterol (S.Chol), urea (Urea), creatinine (Creat.) in the blood, also appeared significant increase in the proportion of functions enzymes of the liver (ALT, AST) and the amount of sugar(Glucose) in the blood of animals in the two treatments groups, while there was a significant decrease (P <0.05) in the amount of total protein (T.Protein) in the blood of treated animals when compared to the control group of the two groups also. The microscopic examination of sections showed cardiac muscle tissue an dilation and flayed in the lining of the blood vessel and the relapse of the nuclei of cells with the appearance of die cellular lysis of the parts of cells, as shown in the second group changes the biggest was the appearance of large hemorrhage to red blood cells (RBC) in the blood AL-Qadisiyha Journal For Science Vol.19 No. 4Year 2014 Nael M. ISSN 1997-2490 8 vessel and spread of these corpuscles between the cells with a total damage of the tissue. The histological sections of liver showed revealing narrowing of the central vein, bleeding of erythrocytes (RBCs), damage to cell membranes and conglomerate nuclei, with the large congestion in central vein with RBC and the cells die and the appearance of inflammatory cells (Pus Cells). While the sections of kidney showed conglomerate in glomerulus and flayed the lining of Bowman's capsule with the expansion of tubular tract and found to dead cells, In an increase of the concentration of acetate has been damaged completely fitting histological kidney with stenosis significantly proximal tubule and expansion in the blood vessel and the emergence of erythrocytes (RBC) and inflammatory cells (Pus Cells). It can be concluded that the entry of high concentrations of uranium or one of its salts to the body or even exposure in endemic areas to this substance lead to healthy effects and significant side can be considered very dangerous to the life of the organism marked by changes in the structures and functions of the body organs, which indicated the healthy ills cases that led to it the high concentrations used in the experiment after exposure of animals, so it must caution strongly of the seriousness of this substance.


Article
Effect interaction between irrigation interval, GA3 and Kimon - 24 organic fertilizer in some physiological parameters of spinach ( Spinacia oleracea L.)
تأثير فترات الري والجبريلين والمخصب العضوي الكيمون 24 وتداخلاتها في بعض المؤشرات الفسلجية لنبات السبانخ .L oleracea S

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The present experiment was conducted during winter season in (2011 – 2012) on clay-silty soil. The goal of the experiment was to find the effect of irrigation period , foliar application of growth regulators GA3 and the organic liquid fertilizer Kimon -24 on parameters mineral content of spinach Spinacea oleracea L., and its content of Oxalic acid(OA). The design of the experiment was randomized complete blocks (RCBD) in a split-split plot arrangement with three replications. The main plot was three irrigation periods, (2, 4 and 6 day), the sub – plot was four concentrations of GA3 (0, 200, 400 and 600 mg.L-1), while the sub-sub plot was two concentrations of the organic liquid fertilizer Kimon- 24 (0 and 20 ml.L-1). The Last Significant Difference (LSD) at 0.05 probability level was used to compare treatments means, whenever treatment effects were evident. Irrigation period and GA3 and applied and organic liquid fertilizer Kimollin 24 when was applied. Only organic liquid fertilizer Kimon- 24applied after 15 day of the first application. The following parameters were measured 30 days after treatment. The percentage of nutrient in leaf N, P, K, Mg and measured as well as leaves content of minerals nutrients (Fe and Ca) in addition to (OA). Results showed: The 2-day interval irrigation increased content of the percentage of N, P, K, Mg in the leaf and leaves content of minerals (Fe and Ca). The treatment 6-day irrigation interval which caused decreasing an (OA).The use of GA3 (200mg.L-1) reduced of (OA)content. The concentration of GA3 400mg.L-1increased leaves content of the percentage of N, K , Mg and Fe. Concentration 20 ml.L-1 of Kimon-24 gave significant increase in all parameters study and gave less leaf content of (OA). The interaction between irrigation period and GA3 had significant influence on all growth parameters. The treatment of 6-day irrigation interval with (200mg.L-1 ) of GA3 caused reduced (OA). The treatment irrigation period of 2-day with 400mg.L-1 GA3 gave higher percentage of N, P, K,Mg and leaf content of Fe. The interaction between irrigation period and Kimon-24 had varied significant influence on quality parameters. The irrigation interval of 2-day Kimon-24 increase percentage of N, P, K, Mg , leaf content of Fe and Ca. The interaction between GA3 and Kimon- 24 had significant influence on most studied parameters. The Concentration of GA3 200mg.L-1 with the use of Kimon-24 gave less (OA)content in the leaf. The interaction between the three factors included in the experiment revealed a significant effect on all parameters studied. نُفِذ ْت الِدراسة الحالية خلال الموسم الشتوي للعام )2011 – 2012(م في تربة مزيجية )طينية غرينية(, لمعرفة تاثير ثلاث فترات ري )2, 4 و6 يوم ( والرش باربعة تراكيز من GA3 )0 , 200 , 400 و 600)ملغم. لتر-1 وتركيزين من المخصب العضوي الكيمون - 24 ) 0 و20 ( مل. لتر-1 وتداخلاتها في المحتوى المعدني لنبات السبانخ .L oleracea Spinacea وحامض الاوكزاليك. طبقت فترات الري واُضيف ْت الُمعاملات بطريقة الرش الورقي على المجموع ال ُخضري للنبات وبواقع رشة واحدة GA3 ورشتان بالنسبة للمخصب العضوي وحسب الموصى , الأولى عنَد وصول النباتات إلى مرحلة )4( أوراق حقيقية والثانية بعد 15يوم من المعاملة الاولى. شِمل ْت القياسات النسبة المئوية ل )N ,P ,K وMg),وتم تقدير محتوى اللاوراق من ) Fe ,Ca و حامض الاوكزاليك(. وأوضحت النتائج ما يلي: أظهرت معاملة الري كل 2 يوم زيادة معنوية في النسبة المئوية للعناصر )N ,P ,K وMg) ومحتوى الاوراق منFe وCa. وان الري كل 6 أيام تفوق باقل محتوى من حامض الاوكزاليك. إستعمال GA3 بتركيز 200ملغم.لتر̄1 خفض معنويا محتوى الاوراق من حامض الاوكزاليك. وان استعمال التركيز400ملغم.لتر̄1 ادى الى زيادة النسبة المئوية للنتروجين والبوتاسيوم والمغنسيوم ومحتوى الاوراق من الحديد اما النسبة المئوية للفسفور فكانت من نصيب التركيز600ملغم.لتر̄1. استعمال المخصب العضوي (20 مل.لتر̄1( أدى إلى زيادة معنوية في كافة الصفات المدروسة واعطى اقل محتوى من حامض الاوكزاليك. أظه َر تداخل فترات الري و تراكيز GA3 فرقاً معنوياً في أغل ِب ال ِصفات المدروسة للنبات. إذ اظهرت فترة الري كل 2 يوم مع التركيز400ملغم.لتر-1من GA3 زيادة معنوية في النسب المئوية ل)N ,K ,Mg ومحتوى الاوراق من Fe). في حين تفوقت معاملة الري كل6 يوم مع التركيز200ملغم.لتر-1 من الجبريلين باقل محتوى من حامض الاوكزاليك. ان تداخل فترات الري و المخصب العضوي سبب زيادة النسبة المئوية ل )N ,P وK) ومحتوى اللاوراق من الحديد والكالسيوم عند التوليفة المكونة من الري كل 2 يوم مع استعمال المخصب العضوي. واقل محتوى للاوراق من حامض الاوكزاليك كان عند فترة الري كل6 أيام مع استعمال المخصب العضوي. واشار التداخل بين تراكيزGA3 والمخصب العضوي الى ان اقل محتوى لحامض الاوكزاليك كان عند استعمال التركيز 200ملغم.لتر-1من الجبريلين مع استعمال المخصب الاوكزاليك وان استعمال التركيز400ملغم.لتر-1 مع المخصب العضوي اعطى زيادة معنوية في النسب المئوية ل )N ,PوMg( . التداخل الثلاثي لعوامل التجربة كان معنويا في كافة الصفات المدروسة.


Article
Detection of kala-azar among children in Al Muthanna province

Authors: Zahraa Abd ALHammza Abbass
Pages: 28-33
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The current study was conducted in Al Muthanna province to detect the Kala-azar infection among children. Result showed that the total infection rate of kala- azar was 17.75%. The age showed the higher infection rate in age (1- <2 ) year and the lower infection rate in age ( 4 – 5 ) year ,The difference was statistically significant (p<0.01).Result appear higher infection rate in male 55.26% than female 44.37% , There is no significant difference (p<0.01). distribution of kala- azar by region showed the infection rate in rural area 65.78% is higher from urban area 34.21% , The difference was significant between rural and urban area (p<0.01). prevalence kala azar by months of year appear that higher infection rate in march 35% then November 27.27% then January 26.66% and decrees infection in July, The difference was significant among month year (p<0.01).


Article
Molecular Diagnosis of Giardia intestinal parasite for children with diarrhea by using Real-Time PCR technique
التشخيص الجزيئي لطفيلي جيارديا الأمعاء intestinalis Giardia في الأطفال المصابين بالإسهال باستخدام تقنية PCR Time-R

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The current study was conducted during the period from 1 /11/2012 to 30/06/2013 to investigate the rate of the parasite Giardia in children with diarrhea for age groups (≤ 1 - 12 years ) exclusively in AL-Diwaniyah city by using microscopic examination and interaction of polymerase chain Real-Time PCR. The results of the study showed that the total rate infection of parasite Giardia was 5.61 % (52 sample of 926 samples) , The direct smear method and floatation method. The results examination microscopic of samples showed the rate of infection among males 6.12 % was higher than in females 5.11 %, the higher infection rate 13.87 % in the age group 2-4 years and the lowest rate in the age group 8-10 years and reached to 1.52 % .the highest rate of infection in June 10.37 % and the lower rate in January 1.92 % . the higher infection rate among rural residents was 7.07 % comparing with the urban residents which reached to 4.45 % . the statistical analysis results showed significant differences at P >0.05. The extraction results of DNA of 52 positive samples by microscopic examination showed containing 38 sample on the genetic material of the parasite with rate of 73.07 %, statistical analysis of survey results depending on technology of Real-Time PCR showed a significant differences in the infection between the age groups where age group 2-4 years recorded the higher rate of Infection 83.33 % while statistical analysis results did not show significant differences of Infection according to sex which reached to 75% in the males and 70.83 % in females , Also did not show significant differences according to the areas of housing which reached to75.86 % in rural areas comparing with the urban areas , which reached to 69.56 % The current study showed the existence of a close relationship between cases of diarrhea and parasite Giardia lamblia infection. أجريتت الدراستتا ال اليتتا لتتلم ال تتد متت 1/11/ 2012 ولغايتتا 30/6/2013 للت تترع تت اتتشا ا ت تتار طفيلتت الجيارديتتا نتتد الأطفتتام ال صتتابي بالإستتلام وللفئتتا الع ريتتا )≥1- 12 ستتنا( حصتترا˝ فتت م اف تتا الديوا يتتا باستتتع ام الف ص ال جلرع وتفا ل الالالا ال تشل ر بالوق ال قيق PCR Time-Real . أظلر تائج الدراسا أن اتشا الإصتابا الكليا كا 61.5% )52 ينا م مج وع 926 ينا( ، بال ا ا ال شاشر الرطشا وطريقتا التوويت ،حيت أظلتر تتائج الف تص ال جلرع للعينا أن اشا الإصابا بي الذكور12.6 % كا أ لى منلتا فت الإ تا 11.5% ، وستجل أ لتى اتشا بصتابا 87.13% ف الفئا الع ريا 2-4 سنوا ، وأقل اشا فت الفئتا الع ريتا 8-10 ستنوا وبلغت 1.52% ، وأ لتى اتشا لصصتابا فت شتلر حريتران 37.10 % واقل اشا ف شلر كا ون الثا 92.1% ، سجل أ لى اشا بي سكان ال ناطق الريفيا وكا 07.7% مقار ا مع سكان ال ناطق ال ضريا والت بلغ 45.4% ، وأظلر تائج الت ليل الإحصائ وجود فروق معنويا ند ماتوى احت ام 05.0


Article
Study The Structural and Optical Properties of Silver Nanoparticles Prepared By Using Pulsed Laser Nd-YAG

Authors: Sahib N. Abdul Wahid
Pages: 34-41
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Abstract

Silver nanoparticles were prepared by using Nd-YAG pulse laser with (=1064 nm), and the optical properties of these nanoparticles were studied. Then the optical absorbance spectrum measurements in NaOH were carried out. Shape, size and concentration of the colloid silver AgNPs show a spherical shape and a particles diameters in the range of (30-50) nm. Finally, the spectral measurements such as surface plasmon emission (SPE) from the prepared silver nanoparticles were done.


Article
Ecological Study of Epiphytic Algae on Aquatic plants Ceratophyllumdemersumand Imperatacylindricain East Euphrates Drainge /(AL-Hefar)AL-Dawaniya/Iraq
دراسة بيئية للطحالب الملتصقة على نباتي الشمبلانCeratophylumdemersumو الحلفاcylindrica Imperata في مبزل الفرات الشرقي )الحفار(/ العراق

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The current investigate included study some physical and chemical properties and epiphytic algae in East Euphrates Drainage(AL-Hefar) were studied during the period from November 2012 till April 2013 Three Sites were chosen along TheDrainage,Twomacrophytes are frequently found,Ceratophyllumdemersumand Imperatacylindrica. these macrophytes are chosen to study epiphytic algae .The Results showed that water of the Drainage was alkaline, very hard ,and well oxygenated. Identification of epiphytic algae reached to(249) species, the Bacillariophyceae ( diatoms ) were dominant with(153) species about(61.4%) followed by Chlorophyceae with (47) species about(18.9%) , and (38) species about (15.3%) related to Cyanophyceaeand (9) species about(3.7%) related to Euglenophyceae .and (2) species about (0.8%) related toDinophyceae. In addition , epiphytic algae on Ceratophyllumdemersumwas higher , than Imperatacylindrica study area . Also , the study showed dominancy of Bacillariophyceae species like Gomphonema ,Cymbella,,Cocconies , Nitzschia, Ahnanthes ,Navicula. تناولت الدراسة الحالية بعض الخصائص الفيزيائية و الكيميائية والطحالب الملتصقة على النباتات المائية في مبزل الفرات الشرقي) الحفار(, للفترة من تشرين الثاني 2012 ولغاية نيسان 2013. اذ تم اختيار ثلاثة مواقع على طول المبزل وقداختير نوعين من النباتات المائية الموجودة بكثرة وهما نبات الشمبلانCeratophylumdemersum ونبات الحلفاImperatacylindrica لدراسة الطحالب الملتصقة عليهما. اظهرت النتائج بان مياه المبزل كانت قاعدية وذات محتوى اوكسجيني جيد وعسرة جداً. بلغت اعداد الطحالب المشخصة الملتصقةعلى هذين النباتين )249( نوعاوكانت السيادة فيها للطحالب العصوية )الدايتومية( اذ كانت(153( نوعاوبنسبة)4.61%( تلتهاالطحالب الخضر(47( نوعا وبنسبة)9.18%( ثم الطحالب الخضر المزرقة (38( نوعا وبنسبة )3.15( ثم الطحالب اليوغلينية(9 (انواع وبنسبة(7.3 %(, واخيرا صف الطحالبالبرواتيةنوعين وبنسبة )8.0%(.كما وجد ان اعدادالطحالب المشخصة في هذه الدراسة كان اعلى في نبات الشمبلان مماهو عليه في نبات الحلفاولجميع المواقع كما لوحظ سيادة بعض الانواع والتي كانت بصورة عامة تعود لصف الطحالب العصوية والمتمثلة بGomphonema وCymbella وCocconies و Nitzschiaو AchnanthesوNavicula


Article
Study on The Effect of Annealing On The Optical Properties of The Pure Lead Sulfide (PbS) Films and Doping by Copper

Authors: We´am Sami
Pages: 42-49
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Abstract

lfide (PbS) thin films were prepared by spraying pytolysis Method (SPM). Glass substrates with (1 x 2.6 x 7.6) cm were used at room temperature . Thin film of (PbS) was a doped by (Copper ,Cu) then the effect of annealing at different temperatures(100,200)C0 on the optical properties of (pbS) and (PbS:Cu) are investigation. The optical properties of the (pbs)and (pbs:cu) such as absorbance and transmittance have been analyzed by using (FTIR - 8400S) instrument. The optical band gab energy has been obtained from the plot between the (αhυ) as a function of photon energy (hυ) was (0.43) eV for (pbs) and (0.41 ) eV for (pbs:cu) at the room temperature . The absorption spectra of the films showed that (pbs) and (pbs:cu) have a direct band gap increase slowly with temperature annealing


Article
Comparison Between Zinc, Copper and Iron Levels in Children with Beta Thalassemia Major And healthy Individuals in Najaf City

Authors: Elham Abed Mahdi
Pages: 50-60
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Thalassemia is the most common hereditary anemia in human. The most common types of disease are the alpha and beta thalassemia .Beta thalassemia major is the most severe form requiring repeated blood transfusions and deferrioxamine injections.The present study aims to evaluating the serum iron, copper and zinc in thalassemia centre in ALZahraa hospital at Najaf city. Forty four patients (age from 3-16 years) with beta thalassemia major (20 males and 24 females) that undergo periodical blood transfusion and they are on deferrioxamine (DFO) as chelating agent were involved in this study. Fifty controls of matched age and gender (25 males and 25 females) were also, included in the study. Results showed that the zinc levels was significantly (p<0.05) decreased in beta thalassemia patients when compared with controls, but in contrast there is a significantly (p<0.05) increased of iron and copper levels in beta thalassemia major patients when compared with normal control. No significant correlation between serum zinc and copper levels with age, duration of blood transfusion, deferrioxamine dose, only strong relationship between copper and zinc levels and ferritine levels was observed in thalassemic patients. Key words: zinc, copper, iron, beta thalassemia major

Keywords


Article
The effects different doses of Caffeine on functional characterizations of liver and kidneys in albino rats
تأثير الكافائين على بعض المعايير الوظيفية والتركيبية للكبد والكلية في الجرذان البيض

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This study was carried out to investigate the effect of different doses of Caffeine on body, kidneys, and liver weights ،Biochemical parameters (ALP, AST and ALT enzymes, as well as total protein ،albumin ،Urea and Creatinine concentrations), and histological study of liver and kidneys . For this purpose twenty four adult male rats were divided randomly into equal four three as below: Animals of control were treated with drinking water for four weeks ،First group (T1) treated with drinking water and 12.9 mg/kg of body weight of Caffeine(effect dose) for four weeks while second group (T2) were treated with drinking water and )double dose) of Caffeine 12.9 mg/kg of body weight )for four weeks) .At the end of treatment, animals were weighted, and anesthetized, blood draw was done to biochemical tests, then animals were sacrificed and dissected, after that liver and kidneys ، were eradication to weighted and prepared histological slide. The results revealed that the different concentrations of Caffeine led to significant decrease (P <0.05) in body weight in T1 and T2 comparison with control group, and significant decrease in ALT ،AST and ALP enzymes concentrations in T2 comparison with T1 and control group .Whereas no significant decrease in liver and kidneys weight in T1,T2 group comparison with control group. On the other hand there is significant increase (P <0.05) in Urea and Creatinine concentrations in T2 comparison with T1 and control group .The histopathological results revealed a extended in sinusoids in liver and changes in collecting tube in kidneys caused by Caffeine. From this study we concluded double dose of Caffeine led to effects on functional characterizations of liver and kidneys. Key world: استهدفت الدراسة الحالية دراسة تأثير الكافائين على بعض المعايير الوظيفية للكبد والتي شملت الحالة البنائية بدراسة )التركيززا الكلززي للبززروتين والألبززونين( والحالززة الأنايميززة بدراسززة )الأنايمززا الناقلززة لينززين AST وALT وأنززاي الفوسززفاتيا العاعززد (، إضززافة الززى و ا الكبززد والت ززريج الن زز ي لهززا ودراسززة وظيفززة الكليززة بدراسززة تركيززا اليوريززا والكرياتين وو نها والت ريج الن ي لها إضافة الى الو ا الكلي لل ز ، إذ اسزتدد )24( نزن ذكزور ال زرذاا البزيض التي ق مت الى ثيث ن انيع ضمت كل ن موعة ثماا حيوانا نثلت الم موعة الأولى ن موعة ال يطرة التي جرعزة ناء ال رب الاعتياد طيلة ندة الت ربة التي بلغزت أربزع أسزابيع والم موعزة الثانيزة جرعزت نزاء ال زرب الحزاو علزى ال رعة الفعالة للكافائين البالغة (9.12 نلغ /كغ ( ولمدة أربع أسابيع والم موعة الثالثة جرعة ناء ال رب الحاو علزى ال رعت المضاعفة للكافائين (8.25 نلغ /كغ ( ولمزدة أربزع أسزابيع وقزد حلزل علزى النتزائت التاليزة: إذ حلزل اندفزا نعنززو (05.0


Article
Preparation of azo compounds as liquid crystals

Authors: Sajida.H. Ridha
Pages: 61-71
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A new homologous series of symmetric dimers :α,β- Bis(4-n-alkoxy-2,3,5,6- methyl-4̀-oxy-Azo-benzene)ethane (n=1-7).have been synthesized and characterized by , IR, 1H-NMR and CHN analysis. Their liquid crystalline properties have been determined by polarizing optical microscopy (pom).All the members except the member (n=1) show mesomorphic properties. The members (n=2,3) show enantiotropic pure nematic phase while the members (n=4-7) show entiotropic smectic C phase in addition to enantiotropic nematic phase .

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Article
study the effect of overlap between the change in temperature and some chemical treatments in some fungi isolated from the seeds of barley Hordeum vulgare
دراسة التداخل بين تاثير التغير بدرجات الحرارة و بعض المعاملات الكيميائية في بعض الفطريات المعزولة من بذور الشعير vulgare Hordeu

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This study aimed to test the effect of temperature changesand the activity of sodium bicarbonate and asalcelik acid on vitality and activity of two fungi which are: Alternaria tenuissima and Fusarium oxysporum which isolated from barley (Hordeum vulgare) seeds. The results showed eristence asignificant difference in the effect of temperature and chemical substances on two isolated fungi growth at added of chemical substances to cultured medium at all tested concentration (5,10,15) mg/ ml to sodium bicarbonate and (250,500,750,1000) mg/ L asalcelik acid and also when the two isolated fungi grew at (10,20,30,40) c° compared with control treatment and Albeltanol fungicide treatment. Also, the effect of sodium bicarbonate and asalcelik acid at same concentration were studied on planted rate of barley seeds, results showed increased relation ship between seeds plant and the riase of concentrations and this refer to that the chemical substances contain inhibtors for vital activity of associated fungi to seeds and these concentration lead to inhibitor of fungi growth at the same time it incourage barley growth and increased of its resistance. As to interference treatment , the results showed asignificant difference in the rates of seeds plant for various treatments on filter papers compared with control treatment while there is no asignificant difference compared with Albeltanol treatment in some treatments which are ranged (83.33% , 96.66%) of seeds plant ratio for various treatment at different temperature while the results of interference in radial growth of tested showed asignificant difference in fungi growth rate compared with control treatment but there is no asignificant difference in rates of fungi colonies diameters for some treatment compared with Albeltanol fungicide and this refer to the activity of these substances on vitality and activity of tested fungi. تم في هذه الدراسة اختبار تاثير التغير بدرجات الحرارة و فعالية مادة بيكاربونات الصوديوم و حامض السالسيلك على حيوية ونشاط الفطرين )oxysporum Fusarium , tenuissima Alternaria ( و المعزولين من بذور نبات الشعير vulgare Hordeum . حيث اظهرت النتائج وجود فروق معنوية في تاثير كل من درجات الحرارة و المواد الكيميائية في نمو الفطرين عند اضافة المواد الكيميائية الى الوسط الغذائي النامي عليه الفطرين وبجميع التراكيز المختبرة ) 5 , 10 , 15( ملغم/مل لبيكاربونات الصوديوم و ) , 1000 250 ,500 ,750 ( ملغم/لتر لحامض السالسيلك , كذلك عند تنميتها بدرجات الحرارة )10,20,30,40( م̊ مقارنة مع معاملات السيطرة و المبيد الفطري البلتانول. كذلك تم دراسة تاثير مادة بيكاربونات الصوديوم و حامض السالسيلك وبنفس التراكيز على معدل انبات بذور الشعير,حيث اظهرت النتائج وجود علاقة طردية ما بين انبات البذور و زيادة التركيز مما يشير الى احتواء هذه المواد الكيميائية على مواد مثبطة للفعاليات الحيوية للفطريات المرافقة للبذور مما يؤدي الى تثبيط نموها وكذلك استحثاث النبات وزيادة مناعته. اما معاملات التداخل فقد اظهرت النتائج وجود فروق معنوية في نسب انبات البذور للمعاملات المختلفة على ورق الترشيح مع معاملة المقارنة و عدم وجود فروق مع معاملة المبيد الفطري البلتانول في بعض المعاملات حيث تراوحت نسب الانبات البذور للمعاملات المختلفة بين ) 33.83% و 66.96 %(وبدرجات حرارة مختلفة. في حين اظهرت نتائج التداخل في النمو الشعاعي للفطريات المختبرة وجود فروق معنوية في معدل نمو الفطريات مع معاملة المقارنة و عدم وجود فروق معنوية في معدلات اقطار المستعمرات الفطرية لبعض المعاملات مع المبيد الفطري البلتانول مما يشير الى مدى فعالية هذه المواد على حيوية ونشاط الفطريات .


Article
Synthesis and Characterization of New Contact lenses Based on 2-Hydroxyethyl methacrylate

Authors: Mohammed A. Mutar
Pages: 72-96
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In this present work describes the synthesis new soft contact lenses based on 2-Hydroxy ethyl methacrylate monomer.2-Hydroxylethylmethacrylate (HEMA) was polymerized by free radical polymerization in the presence of ethylene glycol dimethacrylate (EGDMA) as acrosslinker and Benzoyl peroxide as initiator. The polymerized materials were characterized fully for its use fullness as an intraocular lens by various techniques. FTIR and 1HNMR were performed to find out the total conversion of monomer 2-Hydroxylethyl methacrylate into hydrogels contact lens. The hydrogels contact lenses were manufactured from different materials, these materials and water content were: copolymerization 2-Hydroxylethyl methacrylate with methacrylic acid (77.1%), Chitosan 82%, Methylacrylate 54%, Ethylhexyl methacrylate 56%.The equilibrium water content (EWC) was measured for all the hydrogels at 34°C and it was observed that the hydrophilic hydrogels swelling more than hydrophobic hydrogels. The oxygen permeability (DK) was measured by Morgan & Efron equation, the results show, the hydrophilic hydrogels display higher oxygen permeability towards the cornea more than hydrophobic hydrogels. The amount of proteins adsorbed on the membrane surface of hydrogels contact lenses was calculated from the concentration of proteins in the SDS solution using a BCA protein assay reagent kit. The results show albumin deposits in higher concentrations on hydrophobic surfaces, as compared to relatively hydrophilic surfaces.The transparency of all hydrogels were examined by using UV-visible spectrophotometer. The results show that all hydrogels contact lenses allowed range of light transmittance 58-94% ,at wave lengths between 400-700nm. Keywords:Hydrogels;Contact lenses;Protien adsorption ;Oxygen Permability

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Article
The Effect Of Different Constant Temperatures On Some Biological Aspects Of Cowpea Callosobruchus maculatus (F.) (Coleoptera : Bruchidae)
تأثير درجات حرارة مختلفة في بعض معايير الأداء الحياتي لخنفساء اللوبياء الجنوبية ذات النقاط الأربعة (.F) maculatus Callosobruchus (Coleoptera: Bruchidae)

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The effect of the different temperature degrees 15 , 25 , 35 Cº 0n the biology of cowpea beetle has been studied . The rate male longevity has reached 10.2 days at 15Cº and this rate is the significantly highest in comparison with other male's 7.1 and 6.3 days at 25 and 35 Cº respectively. The male longevities have been compared with the females and the result is that the males have short longevity than females at all the tested temperatures. The rate of females longevities at 35 Cº has reached 7.2 days with higher significantly difference than their longevities at 15 Cº and25 Cº that has reached 9.6 and 11.2 days respectively. The number of eggs per female is highly correlated with the previous selected increasing temperature degrees .The number of eggs per female are 77.5 , 112.8 and 115.7 at 15, 25, 35 Cº respectively , where as the developmental period decreased significantly with the increase of the temperatures, and the averages are 50.8 , 34.16, 21.3 days at 15 , 25 and 35 Cº respectively. This study has showed that opposite correlation between daily percentage of progeny and female̓ s age, since this insect gets the highest percentage at first day of oviposition in comparison with other days at all tested temperatures ℅90.6 ℅83 and ℅90.8 at 15 , 25,and 35 Cº respectively. The intrinsic rate of increase was raising with increase of tested temperatures, the time required to double the population was inversely proportional to the increase of temperatures, that reached 10.9 days , at 15 Cº and decreased significantly to 6.5 ,4.6 days at 25 and 35Cº respectively. تم دراسة تأثير درجات الحرارة المختلفة 15ْم، 25ْم، 35 ْم على حياتية خنفساء اللوبياء الجنوبية macultus Callosobrucus . فقد بلغ متوسط عمر الذكور 2.10 يوم عند درجة حرارة 15 ْم وهو اعلى معنويا مقارنة بأعمار الذكور عند درجات الحرارة 25 ْم و35 ْم التي وصلت إلى 1.7 و3.6 يوما على التوالي. كما تم مقارنة اعمار الذكور مع الاناث فكانت الذكور اقصر عمرا من الاناث عند جميع الدرجات الحرارية المختبرة. كما ان متوسط عمر الإناث عند درجة 35 ْم قد بلغ 2.7 يوم بفارق عالي المعنوية عن عمرها في الدرجتين الحراريتين 25 ْم و 15 ْم إذ وصل إلى 6.9 يوم و 2.11 يوم على التوالي، كما إن عدد البيض الذي وضع من قبل كل انثى قد ارتبط بشكل عالي مع الارتفاع بدرجات الحرارة، فقد بلغ معدل عدد البيض لكل انثى 5.77 و 8.112 و 7.115 عند درجة 15 ْم و 25 ْم و 35 ْم على التوالي، في حين اختزلت فترة التطور وبشكل معنوي مع الارتفاع بدرجات الحرارة فكان معدلها 8.50 و 1.34 و3.21 يوما عند درجة حرارة 15ْم و 25 ْم و 35ْم على التوالي. كما بينت هذه الدراسة إن هناك ارتباط عكسي بين النسبة المئوية اليومية للنسل الناتج وعمر الأنثى فكانت هذه الحشرة تحرز النسبة الأعلى في اليوم الأول لوضع البيض مقارنة مع بقية الأيام وعند جميع درجات الحرارة المختبرة وهي 6.90c/o و83c/o و8.90c/o عند 15 ْم و25 ْم و 35 ْم على التوالي .كما ارتفع معدل الزيادة بالمجتمع مع الارتفاع بدرجات الحرارة المختبرة اذ كان الارتباط موجبا لكن وجد ان هناك تناسبا عكسيا بين الارتفاع بدرجة الحرارة والوقت اللازم لمضاعفة كثافة المجتمع حيث كان 9.10 يوما عند درجة حرارة 15 ْم وانخفض معنويا الى 5.6يوما و 6.4 يوما عند درجة 25 ْم و 35 ْم على التوالي.


Article
The genetic characterization of Curvularia tuberculata fungus isolates isolated from rice crop grains in AlـــــDiwania city
التشخيص الجيني لعفن tuberculata Curvularia المعزول من حبوب الرز في مدينة الديوانية

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This study characterization of some types of Curvularia spp . isolated frome rice seeds in AL Diwaniya city by morphological ,microscopical and genetical characterization of these isolates. The results by morphological and microscopical characteristics showed one type of Curvularia spp. Is C. tuberculata with( 9) isolates, with(1) isolate frome treated rice grains with percentage 0.3% , while (8) isolates frome untreated rice grains with percentage 1.3% . The results multiplex PCR showed gpd gene in DNA of isolates investigated of C.tuberculata fungus .PH test showed higher growth rate of C. tuberculata fungus with (7.7) mm in ph (7) followed by (6.8) mm in ph (6) , (5.7) mm in ph (5 , 8 ) while decrease reach to (4.2) mm in ph (10) ,( 3.9, 3.1) mm in ph ( 3 , 6 ) ( the higher growth rate of fungus with neutral ecosyst ) . The higher growth rate of fungus with 20 gm / L concentration of Nacl salt reach to (8.5) mm while decrease reach to ( 6.4 , 5.2 , 4.5 ) mm with ( 5 , 10 , 15 ) gm / L concentrations ( the fungus tolerant to high concentrations of Nacl salt ) . تناولت هذه الدراسة توصيفا لبعض أنواع العفن spp Curvularia المعزول من حبوب محصول الرز في مدينة الديوانية وشمل هذا التوصيف الصفات المظهرية والمجهرية والوراثية لهذه العزلات. اذ بينت نتائج العزل والتشخيص بالأعتماد على الصفات المظهرية والمجهرية وجود نوع واحد تابع للجنس Curvularia هو العفن tuberculata Curvularia وبواقع 9عزلة اذ تم عزل عزلة واحدة فقط من حبوب الرز المعقمة وبنسبة 3.0%, فيما عزل ثمانية عزل من حبوب الرز غير المعقمة وبنسبة 3.1% ,حيث لم يعزل عفن tuberculata.C من اي من المحاصيل الاخرى المشمولة بالدراسة. وأكدت نتائج (Multiplex) PCR أن العزل التسعة لعفن tuberculata.C قد احتوى الحامض النووي )DNA ( لها على جين gpd و هو جين تركيبي وتشخيصي للعفن , فاشار تواجد الحزم الواضحة عند الزوج القاعديbp 363 الى ان العزل التسعة ذات فوعة وضراوة في انتاج الانزيمات والمواد الايضية السامة . وبالنسبة لتاثير الدالة الهيدروجينية في نمو عزلات العفن فلقد كان اعلى معدل له في الدالة )7( بمعدل نمو وقدره )7.7( mm ,تلاه الدالة )6( بمعدل )8.6( mm,ثم الدالة )8,5( بمعدل نمو قدره )7.5( mm , ثم (2.5( mm للدالة )4( , بعدها انخفض الى )2.4( mm عند الدالة )10( فيما وصل الى )1.3,9.3( mm عند الدالة )11,3( وهذا يدل على ان عفن tuberculata.C يكون بافضل حالات النمو عندما تكون البيئة المحيطة متعادلة بينما ينخفض النمو له كلما ازدادت الحامضية والقاعدية فيها . كما اوضحت النتائج المتعلقة بتاثير ملح Nacl على نمو العفن ان اعلى معدل لنمو هذا العفن كان بتركيز 20 غم/لتر اذ بلغ )5.8( mm ,فيما انخفض معدل النمو له اذ وصل الى )5.4,2.5,4.6( mm مع زيادة التراكيز الملحية )5,10,15( غم /لتر اذ يتوضح من النتائج ان معدلات النمو لهذا العفن تزداد بزيادة التراكيز الملحية وهذا يدل على انه عفن محب للملوحة وبكثرة .


Article
Synthesis and characterization of some derivatives five hetrocyclic ring

Authors: Noor Saad Jaafar
Pages: 97-115
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In theis paper,anew series of 3-[(2-hydroxy naphthalene-1-yl)diazenyl)benzoic acid [1],ethyl 3-[(2-hydroxy naphthalene -1-yl)diazenyl]benzoate[2], 3-[(2-hydroxy naph thalene -1-yl)diazeyl] benzohyrrazide[3], [3,5-dimethyl-1H-pyrazole-1-yl] [3-[(2-hydroxy naphthalene-1yl)diazenyl)phenyl]methanone[4],[3-[(3-hydroxy naphthalene-2-yl)-diazenyl)phenyl](5-mercapto-1,3,4-thiadiazole-2-yl) methanone[5], 2-[3- [(3-hydroxy naphthalene-2-yl)diazenyl]benzoyl]-N-phenyl hydrazine carbothio amide [6],1-[(3-(5-mercapto-4-phenyl-4h-1,2,4-teiazole-3- yl)phenyl)diazenyl] naphthalene-2-ol[7], 1 -((3-(5-(phenylamino)-1,3,4-thiadiazol-2- yl)phenyl)diazenyl) naphthalen-2-ol[8], (3-((2-butoxynaphthalen-1- yl)diazenyl)phenyl)(5-(butylthio)-1,3,4-thiadiazol-2-yl)methanone[9]. have been synthesized. These compounds were characterized by FT-IR ,spectrum,H1-NMR spectrum, elemental analysis and the melting point were checked, the purity of the prepared compounds were determind by TLC technique. Keyword:thiadia , zole, triazole, pyrazole

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Article
Study Biodiversity of Cladocera in the Kuffa River- Iraq
دراسة التنوع الاحيائي لمتفرعة اللامس في نهر الكوفة / العراق

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This study carry out to know the biodiversity of cladocera in Kuffa River four representative sampling stations were selected in river monthly sampling were collected from March 2012 to February 2013 The results showed the cladocera high density in April 2012.Also The results of relative abundance index showed that these species Alona rectangular, Bosmina longirostris, Chydorus Sphaeriucus, Ceriodaphnia rigaudi, Simocephalus vetulus . were more abundant in study stations The results showed The index values of Species richness varied between (0.9-8.13) Shannon-Weiner index varied between (0.001 -3.04) bit/ind while the uniformity index varied between ( 0.01 – 1) .اجريت هذه ادرااةذ دغذر ادتعذر لىذ ادتنذع احياذي ل دفتعرلذ ادلامذ فذل هرذر ادفعفذ و اختاذر اابع محطي دجفع ادعاني دىعترة من اذاا 2012 ودغيي شبيط 2013 وبانت ادرااة ان الى كثيف دفجفعلذ متعرل ادلام قر ةجىت فل شرر هاسين 2012 كفي بان مؤشر ادعفرة ادنسبا ان احهعا ادتيدا Chydorus Simocephalus vetulus, Bosmina longirostris Alona rectangula Sphaeriucus rigaudi Ceriodaphnia هذل اككثذر وفذرة هسذبا مةياهذ بذيكهعا احخذر و ةذج مؤشذر اذةااة احهعا قافي تراويت مي بان )9.0-13.8 ( كفي ةذج مؤشذر شذيهعن –وينذر دىتنذع احياذي ل قافذي تراويذت مذي بان (001.0- 04.3( بت / فرد دفجفعل متعرلذ ادلامذ بانفذي ةذج مؤشذر تجذيه احهذعا قافذي تراويذت مذي ) 1-0.01( ناب


Article
Synthesis and Characterization of 2-(5-mercapto-1,3,4- thiadiazol -2-yl)isoindoline-1,3-dione (L) and It's Complexes with Some Transition Metals (Co(II) , Ni(II) , Cu(II) , Zn(II) and Cd(II) )

Authors: Najat jawad Al-Obaidi
Pages: 116-131
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Abstract In this work ,The ligand 2-(5-mercapto-1,3,4-thiadiazol-2-yl)isoindoline -1,3-dione (L) has been synthesized by the reaction of 5-amino -1,3,4-thiadiazole -2- thiol with phthalic anhydride by using fusion method . The metal complexes of the ligand were prepared with metals chlorides of Co(II) , Ni(II) , Cu(II) , Zn(II) and Cd(II) in ethanol as solvent . The ligand (L) and its metal complexes have been characterized by elemental analysis (CHN), IR, 1H-NMR and UV- Vis. spectra , magnetic susceptibility measurements , molar conductivity , melting points and atomic absorption . The metal-ligand ratio was determined by mole ratio method .The suggested structures for the Co(II) , Ni(II) and Cu(II) complexes are octahedral geometry and for the Zn(II) and Cd(II) complex are tetrahedral geometry . Keyword : 1,3,4-thiadiazol , complexes of 1,3,4-thiadiazol

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Article
Restriction of Environmental Radioactive Background in Al- Qadisiya Governorate by Using Technical HPGe
تحديد الخلفية الإشعاعية في بيئة محافظة القادسية باستخدام تقنية HP

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the present study, selected agricultural, and animal rearing areas in Al-Qadisiya governorate In the district of Shameya were chosen to conduct the work . 10 samples of each of plant(The grain) and milk were collected from the same places. Using high purity germanium detector (HPGe), After analysing the studied spectrums samples , It was found that the average radioactivity of plant samples of( 40K, 238U , 232Th,137 Cs) is (337.004±30) Bq / kg, (7.26±0.43)Bq / kg , (7.15±0.42) Bq/kg, (2.39±0.24)Bq / kg respectively , The milk samples the results were (286.36±28)Bq/kg, (1.411±0.18)Bq/kg ,(1.607±0.2)Bq/kg , (1.39±0.18)Bq/kg respectively , The average equivalent radium was calculated of plant samples is (43.429)Bq/kg , The average equivalent radium was calculated of milk samples is (25.69)Bq/kg . The averages value of the absorbed dose in the air ((nGy per hour)) of plant samples were (21.843) nGy.h-1 and (13.54)nGy.h-1 for the milk samples . The hazard index internal and external of plant samples was about (0.13) , (0.11)respectively , and (0.073) ,( 0.069)for the milk samples respectively . The effective dose equivalent (EDE), from taking milk, was determined, depending on . By comparing the results withsome prior specific activity of Cs137 , K40 and Ra226 studies , It was found that the levels of radiation for samples studied within the permissible limits globally .أجريت الدراسة في محافظة القادسية في قضاء الشامية ولمواقع مختارة من مناطق زراعة المحاصيل الحقلية والرعي . جمعت 10 عينات ومن المواقع نفسها لكل من النبات )الحبوب( والحليب , وباستخدام كاشف الجرمانيوم العالي النقاوة (HPGe) وبعد تحليل اطياف النماذج المدروسة وجد أن معدل النشاط الإشعاعي لعينات النبات )7.15±0.42( ,مغك / لركيب)7.26±0.43(, مغك /لركيب )337.004±30( وه )137Cs , 232Th , 238U , 40K)ل بيكرل / كغم, )24.0±39.2( بيكرل /كغم على التوالي اما عينات الحليب فكانت النتائج هي )28±36.286(بيكرل / كغم , )18.0±411.1( بيكرل / كغم , )2.0±607.1( بيكرل / كغم , )18.0±39.1( بيكرل / كغم على التوالي .كما حسب معدل مكافىء الراديوم لعينات النبات في النماذج المدروسة ووجد انه )429.43( بيكرل / كغم اما لعينات الحليب فكانت النتائج هي )69.25( بيكرل /كغم , إما معدل الجرعة الممتصة في الهواء بوحدات نانوكري لكل ساعة فقد كانت لعينات النبات هي )843.21(نانو كري /ساعة, اما لعينات الحليب فكانت )54.13( نانو كري /ساعة كما حسب معدل معامل الخطورة الداخلي والخارجي لعينات النبات فوجد انه )13.0( , ) 11.0( على التوالي , اما لعينات الحليب فكانت )073.0( , )069.0( على التوالي , كما تم حساب الجرعة المؤثرة المكافئة (EDE) من تناول الحليب فقد حسبت بالاعتماد على قيم الفعالية النوعية للعناصر Cs137 ,K40 , 226 Ra بعد الحصول على النتائج تم مقارنتها بما منشور في الدراسات السابقة تبين أن قيم معدل الفعالية النوعية للدراسة الحالية مقاربة للقيمة الوسطية لما هو منشور عالميا وعربيا وضمن الحدود الطبيعية .


Article
Synthesis of new azo dyes via Suzuki coupling

Authors: Ali G. Khadim
Pages: 132-136
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Abstract

The synthesis of new azo dyes have been achieved by coupling reaction of pyrimidine derivative with different phenolic compounds , the products have been treated with 2- fluoro boronic acid by Suzuki coupling reaction to give new azo dyes . These compounds have been characterized by spectroscopic methods (FTIR , UVVIS) ,TLC and melting point . Keyword : azo dyes , Suzuki coupling , pyrimidine derivative

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Article
Optimization of photodecomposition of chelatic Complex Phenyl hidrazedo-tris (diethyl dithiocarbamato) Molybdenum )V(
دراسة الظروف المثلى للتفكك الضوئي للمعقد المخلبي فنيل هايدرازايدو- ثلاثي )ثنائي اثيل ثنائي ثايوكارباماتو( موليبدنيوم )V(

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In this study the complex Phenyl hydrazido – tris – diethyldithiocarbato – molybdenum(V)[Mo(N2ph)(S2CNEt2)3] was prepared and identified by (UV-Visible) and infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy. The kinetics of chemical decomposition for this chelatic structure was studied by using irradiation of this complex solution, by using a mono wave light (λ=365nm) and temperature (25C˚) for (60 min) in ethanol solvent. The order of the photochemical decomposition was the first order reaction, As well as the rate constant of photo decomposition reaction (kd) was calculated by observed the spectral changes during the irradiation process. To know the best conditions for decomposition of this compound complex, it is necessary to study the effect of several factors on the photo chemical behavior for the complex which included: Effect of concentration of the complex, where five concentrations of the complex have been studied and found that the highest decomposition rate have observed at concentration (2.5*10-5M). In addition, the impact of the change in the intensity of the light on decomposition rate was studies show that the result when the light intensity increase, the rate of the complex decomposition also increased. Also the complex decomposition at the temperature range (20-35Cº) was studied. When increasing the temperature increases the rate of the complex decomposition . The effect of pH value at the range 3-11 and found that the rate of the complex decomposition increased when pH of the solution increases. The effect of four alcoholic solvent were studied (methanol, ethanol, isopropanol and 1 - butanol), and found that the highest decomposition rate of the complex achieved in Methanol, while the lowest decomposition rate of the complex achieved in Isopropanol. In addition the effect of each of nitrogen gas, oxygen gas and the atmospheric air on the the rate of complex decomposition was studied and compile the results with recorded results in normal conditions, the highest decomposition rate observed in the presence of oxygen gas and the lowest decomposition in the presence of nitrogen gas. The mechanism of photo chemical decomposition of the complex has been interpreted by spectrophotometric technique, were the conclusion that have been obtained that there is (redox- reaction) happening in this complex and the output of the processes of homo cleavage of (M-L) bond that leading to reduction of metal ions and oxygenation of ligand and formation free radicals . تم في هذا البحث تحضير المعقد فنيل هايدرازايدو-ثلاثي )ثناايي اثيال ثناايي ثايربارااوااتر ورليباد يرم )V و تشخيصه طيفيا"ااستخدام وطيافية الأشعة المريية الفرق البنفسايية ووطيافياة اعشاعة تحاح الحماراذل وباذل تام دراسة حربية التفك الكيميايي الضريي لهذا المعقد المخلبي ون خلال تشعيع وحلرل المعقد اضرذ أُحااد الطارل المرجي  = 365 ا روتر وادرجة حرارة 25م˚ ولمدة 60 دقيقة وامذيب اعيثا رل, وقد وجد أن ورتباة التفاعال الكيمياضاريي هااي المرتبااة الأولاا ل بااذل تاام حسااال ثااااح ساارعة التفكاا الضااريي kd ارساااطة وتااعااة التتياارا الطيفية خلال عملية التشعيعل ولأجل الرصرل للظروف المثل لتفك هذا المعقد, تم دراسة تأثير عدة عراول عل تفاعل التفك الكيميايي الضريي للمعقد تضمنح : دراسة تأثير تربيز المعقد حيث وجاد ان أعلا سارعة تفكا قاد سيلح عند التربيز 5.2*10-5 ورعر ل وبذل دراسة تأثير التتير في شدة الضرذ عل سرعة التفك فرجاد ا اه بلما ازداد شدة الضرذ الساقط ازداد سرعة تفك المعقادل باذل تام دراساة تفكا المعقاد فاي الماد الحارار 20-35 م˚ فرجااد ا ااه ازيااادة درجااة الحاارارة تاازداد ساارعة التفكاا , بمااا وجااد ان طاقااة التنشاايط المعقااد تساااو 209.20بيلرجرل ورلل بذل تم دراسة تأثير الدالة الحاوضية ضمن المد 3-11 فرجد ان سرعة تفك للمعقد با ح تزداد ازيادة قاعدية المحلرلل بذل تم دراسة تأثير عدة وذيبا بحرلية عل سارعة التفكا وهاذل الماذيبا هي ويثاا رل, ايثاا رل, زيزواروااا رل و 1- ايرتاا رل, فرجاد أن أعلا سارعة تفكا للمعقاد تحققاح فاي الميثاا رل اينمااا اقاال ساارعة تفكاا با ااح فااي ايزوارواااا رلل تاام ايضااا" دراسااة تااأثير اواارار باال واان التااازا النتااروجين, الأوبسيين والهراذ الير عل سرعة التفك ووقار ة النتايج وع النتايج المسايلة فاي حالاة عادم روارار أ ااز فكا ااح أعلاا ساارعة تفكاا قااد ساايلح ارجاارد اااز الأوبساايين بمااا رن اقاال ساارعة تفكاا با ااح ارجاارد اااز النتروجينل رن ويكا يكية التفك الكيمياضريي للمعقد فسر طيفياا", رذ رن الملاحظاا التاي تام الترصال رليهاا ترضا أن هناك أبسدة – اختزال داخلي يحدث في هذا المعقد والنااتج وان عملياة شاطر زصارة فلاز- ليكا اد, وماا يايد رلا أبسدة الليكا د واختزال أير ا الفلز لتكرين المعقدا المقاالةل


Article
Study and Evaluation of bricks made from the local sand using sodium silicate as binder

Authors: Mohammed Ali Jaber
Pages: 137-149
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In this study, a mixture of (sand and sodium silicate (ratio 4:1) was composed , where sodium silicate is used as a binding agent, and put in an furnace at different temperatures ranging from (200-1000 0C). It was observed that the density and compressive strength with increasing temperature up to 800 0C degrees where the compressive strength at its maximum of 12 MPa. the effect of the waste glass used in the mixture was studied by adding different rates. It was observed that the density of the models increases with increased rates of waste glass, but at a temperature of 800 0 C noted that density decreases with the increase in the proportion of the mixture, while there was a clear increase in the strength of compression of the models with increased rates of waste glass . Also the process of sintering was studied was developed models that have the same ratio (sand (52%), waste glass (28%), sodium silicate (20%)) in an oven at a temperature of 800 were the physical properties (density, compressive strength and volume) with the change of time (4-20) hr the result show that the density decreases with increasing temperature and also increased volume. The compression strength, decreases with time but at 16 hr it reaches a maximum of more than( 6 MPa). Keyword: silica , waste glass, sodium silicate, compressive strength.

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Article
Synthesis and Characterization of Some New Metals Complexes of [N-( 4-chlorobenzoyl amino )-thioxomethyl] Anthranilic Acid (CBA)

Authors: Basima.Mohsen.Sarhan
Pages: 150-165
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A new ligand [N-(4-chloro benzoyl amino)-thioxo methyl] anthranilic acid (CBA) was synthesized by reaction of 4chlorobenzoyl isothiocyanate with anthranilic acid by using acetone as a solvent , The ligand was characterized by elemental analysis ,FT-IR,and13C, 1H-NMR spectra, some transition metals complexes of this ligand was prepared and characterized by FT-IR, UV-Visible spectra , conductivity measurements , magnetic susceptibility , atomic absorption and molar ratio ( M : L ). From results obtained ,the following formula [ M (CBA )2 ] where M+2 = Mn, Co , Ni , Cu , Pd , Zn , Cd ,and Hg , the proposed molecular structure for these complexes as tetrahedral geometry except copper and palladium complexes are have square planer geometry .


Article
Preparation of Catalyst and its Application in Thermal and Photo Vapor Phase Oxidation Compounds
تحضير العامل المساعد )Fe2O3-Cr2O3( ودراسة تطبيقاته في ألاكسده الحرارية والضوئية في الطور الغازي

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catalyst was prepared from mixture ; Fe2O3-Cr2O3 by loading method in different ratios (0:2,0.5:1.5,1:1,1.5:0.5 and 2:0) and supported on granulated kaolin clay with different . The thermal vacuum evaporation technique was at temperature 323K .Characteristic catalyst was prepared by X-Ray diffraction.and studied some physical properties for catalyst such as Surface area , particles size, porosity , pores size (Mesh No.), density and electricalconductivity . Also studied the activity of prepared catalyst by thermal and photo oxidation for 2-brobanol at298 - 493K.تم تحضير عامل مساعد من مزيج )Cr2O3-Fe2O3( بطريقة التحميل (Method Loading بنسب وزنية مختلفــــــــــــــة )0:2و5.0:5.1 و1:1 و 5.1:5.0 و2:0 (وتحميلها على الحامل المحضر من طين الكاؤؤلين بأحجام مختلفة بتقنية التبخير المفـــــــرغ )technique evaporation vacuum( بدرجــــة 323كلفن ، شخص العامل المساعد بواسطــــة حيود الأشعة السينيــة (XRD( درست بعض الخواص الفيزيائية للعامل المساعد مثل المساحة السطحية (Area Surface( والمساميـــة )Porosity( ،وحجم المسامة )Size Pore( ،وحجم الدقائق )Particles Size)،والكثافة )Density) والتوصيليــة الكهربائية )Conductivity Electrical( درست كذلك فعالية العامل المساعد المحضر باستخدامها بالأكسدة الضوئية والأكسدة الحراريه ل2–بروبانول بالدرجه الحراريـة 493-298 كلفن


Article
A Limnological study on (Bany-Hassan) Stream/KarbalaIraq
دراسة لمنولوجيه على نهر بني حسن- كربلاء المقدسة

Authors: Sura F. Hassan سرى فاضل حسن
Pages: 164-177
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The present study conducted on Bany-Hassan stream within the holy Karbala governorate due to its importance as sources of agricultural area and domestic uses throughout the study area. The study included measurement of physical and chemical properties of the stream, moreover chlorophyll-a for the period study between December 2012 to June 2013. Five sites were selected along the stream. The mean ranges of the studied properties were recorded: 4-38C° for Air temperature, 9.5-25.4 C° water temperature, 983-1440 µS/cm for Electric conductivity, 0.613-0.869 ‰ for salinity, 122-137 mg/l for total alkalinity, 0.28-81mg/l for total dissolved solid ranged. The present results revealed that the stream was oxygenated and the dissolved oxygen ranged 7-12.8 mg/l. Nutrient concentrations were ranged 96.52-212.64 mg/l Sulfate, 0.48-5 mg/l silicate, 0.019-1 mg/l total nitrogen and 0.018- 0.68 mg/l total phosphorus. Chlorophyll-a ranged 0.04-15.56 µg/l. Total organic carbon, electric conductivity and pH for sediments were ranged 0.12-2.14%, 510-3853µS/cm and 6.7- 7.6 respectively. The results indicated that the study area was not matching the international standards and also for Iraqi standards for drinking. أجريت الدراسة الحالية على نهر بني حسن ضمن محافظة كربلاء المقدسة لما له من أهمية نتيجة لمروره في مناطق زراعية وسكنيه وعدم وجود دراسة سابقه على النهر .تضمنت الدراسة قياس العوامل الفيزيائية والكيميائية بالإضافة الى قياس الكلوروفيل للفترة من كانون الأول 2012 ولغاية أيار 2013 . وتم اختيار خمس محطات على طول الجدول. وكانت معدلات العوامل الفيزيائية والكيميائية المدروسة تتراوح لدرجه حرارة الماء مابين )5.9-4.25( مo و درجة حرارة الهواء مابين )4-38( مo,وتبين أن درجه الأس الهيدروجيني يتجه بالاتجاه القاعدي الخفيفة حيث تراوحت القيم مابين )6.68.7-( وأظهرت النتائج ارتفاع في القيم التوصيلية الكهربائية تراوحت بين (983-1440( مايكروسمينز/سم وتبين أن مياه النهر قليله الملوحة تراوحت قيم الملوحة فيها مابين)613.0-896.0( جزء بالالف وسجلت القاعدية قيم تراوحت بين )122-137(ملغم/لتر ,وأظهرت المواد العالقة الصلبة تباين في قيمها (28.0-81( ملغم/لتر وتراوحت قيم المواد الذائبة الكلية مابين (480-703( ملغم/لتر أما قيم الأوكسجين فتراوحت مابين )7-8.12( ملغم/لتر وتبين إن مياه النهر ذات تهويه جيده وتراوحت قيم الكبريتات بين )51.96-64.212( ملغم /لتر وسجلت السليكا قيم عاليه تراوحت بين )48.0-5( ملغم /لتر. وتراوحت قيم الكاربون العضوي الكلي للرواسب بين )12.0-14.2 ( %اما قيم الأس الهيدروجيني والتوصيلية الكهربائية للتربة فتراوحت مابين )7.6-6.7) و )510-3853(على التوالي. أما بالنسبة للمغذيات فقد اظهر الفسفور الكلي قيم منخفضة تراوحت بين )018.0- 68.0(ملغم/لتر, أما قيم النتروجين الكلي تراوحت بين (019.0- 1( ملغم/لتر. وسجلت تغايرات واضحة في قيم الكلوروفيل تراوحت بين )04.0-56.15( مايكروغرام/لتر. واعتبرت المياه غير مطابقة للمعايير العالمية والمواصفات القياسية لمياه الشرب العراقية.

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Article
Significance of serum heat stable alkaline phosphatase as a marker in lung cancer

Authors: Jasim Mohammed H. Al-jassani
Pages: 166-170
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The objective of this study is the evaluation of serum levels of heat stable alkaline phosphatase(HSAP) as marker in lung cancer. The study include 44 lung cancer patients with and without metastases and 30 matched healthy individuals. It has been found a significant elevation (p<0.001) in patients with metastase and(p<0.01) in patients without metastases for biomarker, in sera of patients in comparison to the health subjects. A decreaese in the levels of the biomarker was apparently significant after removal of the malignant tumor. However multiple post-operative determinat of HSAP showed continuing elevation of the biomarker above the normal value in patients who developed metastases. The results indicate that the HSAP can be used as a marker in the detection and prediction of metastases in lung cancer.

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HSAP --- lung cancer


Article
On Bornivorous Set

Authors: Fatima Kamil Majeed Al-Basri
Pages: 171-184
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In this paper, we introduce the concept of the bornivorous set and its properties to construct bornological topological space .Also, we introduce and study the properties related to this concepts like bornological base, bornological subbase , bornological closure set, bornological interior set, bornological frontier set and bornological subspace .


Article
Stduy Pollen grains of family dicot in University of Al- Qadisiyay
دراسة حبوب اللقاح لبعض عوائل ذوات الفلقتين في جامعة القادسية

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The anatomical characterstic Pollen grains of family dicotyledonae in University of Al-Qadisiyay Punicaceae of Punica, Rosaceae of Rosa, Verbenaceae of Verbena, Scrophulariaceae of Antrrhinum , Apocynaceae of Nerium& Chatharanthus, Convolvulaceae of Convolvulus &Cuscuta , Myrtaceae of Eucalyptus& Callistemon, Malvaceae of Gossypium ,Hibiscus, Althaea& Malva . The study characters pollen grains of many different between of species,same characters importance species of the one family .تناول البحث الحالي دراسة حبوب اللقاح grains Pollen لبعض عوائل ذوات الفلقتين في جامعة القادسية هي:. العائلة الرمانية Punicaceae وتشمل نبات الرمان Punica , والعائلة الوردية Rosaceae ومنها نبات وردالأشرفي Rosa, و عائلة المينا Verbenaceae ومنها نبات ورد المينا Verbena, و عائلة حلق السبع Scrophulariaceae ومنها نبات حلق السبع Antrrhinum , والعائلة الدفلية Apocynaceae وتشمل نبات الدفلة Nerium ونبات عين البزون Chatharanthus, والعائلة اللبلابية Convolvulaceae ومنها نبات المديد Convolvulus ونبات الحامول Cuscuta , والعائلة الآسية Myrtaceae ومنها نبات اليوكالبتوس Eucalyptus و نبات فرشاة البطل Callistemon , والعائلة الخبازية Malvaceae ومنها نبات القطن Gossypium ونبات ورد الجمال Hibiscus ونبات ورد الختمة Althaea و نبات الخباز Malva . وتمت دراسة صفات حبوب اللقاح وكان هناك إختلافات كثيرة بين الأنواع , وأتضح إن لبعض صفاتها أهمية في تمييز الأنواع حتى ضمن العائلة الواحدة

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Article
Some Properties related N-Functions with Young's Inequality

Authors: DhuhaAbdulameerKadhim
Pages: 185-189
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In this paper, we will summarize the necessary facts about a special class of convex functions called N-functions and introduce some theorems related N-functions and complementary N-functionswith Young's inequality.

Table of content: volume:19 issue:4