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مجلة المثنى للعلوم الزراعية

ISSN: 40862226
الجامعة: جامعة المثنى
الكلية: العلوم
اللغة:

This journal is Open Access

حول المجلة

مجلة علمية تم ابتكارها وذلك لنشر البحوث العلمية الخاصة بالكلية

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معلومات الاتصال

WE CONTACT BY THE EMAIL OF ALMUTHANNA AGRICULTURE COLLEGE
WWW@COAMU .NET

جدول المحتويات السنة: 2018 المجلد: 6 العدد: 2

Article
Effect of inoculation with local isolates of Azospirillum spp. and nitrogen Fertilizer in some specific qualities of wheat plant Triticum aestivum L.
تأثير التلقيح بعزلات محلية من بكتريا Azospirillum SPP وعنصر النتروجين في بعض الصفات النوعية لنبات الحنطةTriticum aestivum L

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الخلاصة

A field experiment was conducted to study the infleunce of the role of inoculation with Azospirillum SPP and different levels of nitrogen (0, 0.25, 0.5, and 0.75) of previously recommended nitrogen fertilizer, and the concentration of some elements in the soil of the wheat plant Triticum aestivum L. The nitrogen-stabilized isosperm bacteria was isolated from soil, where previously okra and maize grown on. They symbolized as A3, A2, A1, in addition to the comparison treatment symbolized A0. The results of the field experiment showed that the isolation of isolates was greater than that of the isolates. The results showed that A3 isolation was superior over A1 and A2 isolates in most detected traits. Since it gave the highest nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium levels were recorded at 50% of flowering (2.91, 0.747, 2.33%, respectively). Recorded nitrogen levels was higher with wheat, as compared to other crops. The results showed that the concentrations of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium of N3 treatment were higher than the others at the end of the experiment (2.72, 0.810, 2.84%). The interaction between Azospirillum SPP and N3 gave the highest values in all studied traits. Interference between isolation A3 and N3 was highest in protein (20.80%).

الكلمات الدلالية

Fertilizer --- Nitrogen --- Azospirillum --- Wheat --- Inoculation


Article
Influence of biological inoculant of Paenibacillus polymyxa on available phosphorous from phosphorous rock on growth and yield of Zea mays L.
تأثير أضافة اللقاح الحيوي للعزلات المحلية لبكتريا Paenibacillus polymyxa في جاهزية الفسفور المتحرر من الصخر الفوسفاتي في نمو وحاصل الذرة الصفراء.

المؤلفون: A. K. Jbar عبد الله كريم جبار
الصفحات: 9-19
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الخلاصة

A field experiment was carried out in 2015-2016 Atumn growing season at research station, Agric., College, Al-Muthana university. Isolation and diagnoztion of three isolates from paenibacillus polymyxa from three varying regions in south of Iraq, which were used as single bacterial inoculant or interaction with three levels of phosphorous rock on growth and yield of Zea mays L. cultivar 2018. According biochemistry tests, isolated bacteria seems to be belonged to P. polymyxa. Bacterial inoculated treatments showed superiorityies over control treatment. as well as on interaction treatmentsInoculant with 80 Kg P Hacter-1 treatment was superior on the all other treatments in high plant , dry weight, total yield , %P in vegetativeparts, p content in soil and number of bacteria in soil by 203.59cm, 183.84gm, 6355.33kg hacter-1, 0.311%, 16.53mg kg-1, 0.117*106 Cfu gm soil-1, respectively. The percentage of increase recorded were 10.49, 21.59, 60.88, 152.58, 200.44, 180.70, respectively, as compared to treatments no inoculantion and phosphorous rock application.

الكلمات الدلالية

Paenibacillus --- Zea mays --- Corn --- Growth --- Yield


Article
Effect of adding of humic and fulvic acid on the availability of N.P.K, in the soil and number, weight of the root nodules and yield of broad been (Vicia Faba L.)
تأثير اضافة حامض الهيوميك والفولفيك في جاهزية N P K في التربة وفي عدد ووزن العقد الجذرية وحاصل نبات الباقلاء (Vicia Faba L.)

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الخلاصة

A field experiment was conducted during the growing season of 2016 -20117, in Al-Muthanna province, to study N P K availability in soil, number and weight of root nodules and yield broad bean by adding HA and FA acid to soil. A simple experiment designed by using RCBD method included adding HA and FA acid (0, 5 ,10 ,15ml ha-1). Significant increases in N P K availabilities were accompainied with H2 treatment for N and K 32.76, 204ml.kg-1 sequentially. H3 gave the highest rate of N.P.K. availabilities 28.62 ,14.30 , 155 ml kg-1 s, respectively. H3 gave highest nodule fresh weights 616.00 mg. Besides the highest rate of plant yield 169g, and 134.8g, as compared to control.

الكلمات الدلالية

Humic --- Fulvic acids --- Nodulation --- Fababeans --- N --- P --- K


Article
Mineral analysis of some Mothana desert and sedimentary soils
التحليل المعدني لبعض ترب محافظة المثنى الصحراوية والرسوبية

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الخلاصة

Diagnosis investigation was made for some soils and oxides minerals in desert and sedimentary soils, Al-Muthanna governerate, which were restricts by GPS system. Subsequently, samples were collected from two desert soils sites samples depth (15-0) (15-30 cm) and two sedimentary, Samples were prepared for X-ray diffiration testing for the diagnosis of X-ray fluorescence for the detection and prediction of oxides in these soils. The results revealed that the predominance mineral was kaolinite, followed by mica and chlorite in desert sites. While the dominion of kaolinite and the Playgorskite were followed by chlorite in sedimentary sites.The percentage of iron oxides (1.42-1.48%), aluminum (2.11-2.29%), and silicon (21.23-20.93%) were found in the desert site (1)In the desert site (2) iron oxides were between (1.61-3.12)%, aluminum (3.02-5.10)% and silicon (29.95-32.33%) and high in the oxides of (CaO, MgO and ZrO2),Magnesium oxide (2.27-2.23%), and zircon oxide (0.01-0.02%) at the site (1)The percentage of calcium oxide between (20.80-24.90)% and magnesium oxide (2.52-3.52)%, zircon (0.02%) in the second location, the sedimentary sites were the value of iron oxide between (6.26-6.25%) of site (1) and( 5.87-5.81%) for the site (2) and aluminum oxide (7.82-7.72%) for the site (1)And (8.17-7.95%) of site (2) and silicon oxide (33.22-31.71%) of site (1) and (35.83-34.22%) of site (2) The oxides of (CaO, MgO, ZrO2) (16.41-15.79%) for site (1), (16.10-15.77%) for site (2), magnesium oxide (4.23-4.06%) for site (1) and (5.71-5.67%) for site 2 and zircon oxide (0.01%)(1) and (0.01%) of site (2).

الكلمات الدلالية

Nineral --- Analysis --- Al-Muthanna --- Desert --- Sediments --- Soil


Article
Hydrological characteristics and pollution sediment of wslaibat depression south Iraq
الخصائص الهيدرولوجيه وتلوث رسوبيات منخفض صليبات جنوب العراق

المؤلفون: A. A. Radhi عبد المحسن عبد الله راضي
الصفحات: 34-43
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الخلاصة

This study was conducted on Slaibat depression in Southern Iraq between longitude 45º34´, 45º52 'and Latitude 30º50´, 30º59´, it located between the provinces of Muthanna and Dhi Qar. The result showed that the contribution of wells Al-Ouda and Al-Ghazi in the feeding of the depression. In addition to the contribution of the Valleys, that Slope towards the depression, with different water revenues from one valley to another, with a total of 0.506 billion m3 annually. The results of the Climatic water balance showed that the depression suffers water deficit during most year months, however, water surplus has been concentrated during November, December to February. The sediments were characterized by nuteral pH slightly to moderate. Sediments were characterized during the autumn by the highest concentration lead and cadmium (22.49 and 1.76 mg kg -1 respectively), while sediments, which were characterized during the summer by the highest concentration (0.022 mg kg -1). The overall concentration of heavy elements in the sediments could be classified into permissible limits according to the standards limits of the World Health Organization WHO (2006).

الكلمات الدلالية

Hydrology --- Pollution --- Sediments


Article
Effect of additional foods and Feeding Ratio on Some Growth Indicators of fish Ctenopharyngodon idella
تأثير الأغذية الإضافية و نسبة التغذية في بعض مؤشرات النمو لسمك الكارب العشبي Ctenopharyngodon idella

المؤلفون: Dhellal Muhammed Halbos ظلال محمد حلبوص
الصفحات: 44-50
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الخلاصة

This study was carried out to investigate the effect of the use of additional foods and feed ratios for the herbella iden Ctenopharyngodon on some growth indicators in plastic ponds. Fish were distributed on the three treatments. The ratio of the three treatments was (T1) 5% of the body weight and the second treatment (T2) 8% of the body weight and the third treatment (T3) 10% of the body weight, One tub is 70 liters of water. The fish of the three treatments were fed on the same locally produced commercial diet. The study showed that the best growth indicators were obtained in the second treatment, which was fed to a feeding ratio of 8% Fish weight We conclude that feed and feed additives can be used to feed carp fish for their good weight gain by feeding on additional foods.

الكلمات الدلالية

fish --- Ctenopharyngodon idella --- Feeding --- Ratio --- additional foods


Article
Measuring the total productivity and the contribution of the growth of production elements in the growth of the agricultural GDP for the period (1990-2015)
قياس الانتاجية الكلية و نسبة مساهمة نمو عناصر الانتاج في نمو الناتج المحلي الزراعي للمدة ( 1990-2015)

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الخلاصة

The study aimed to identify the determinants of the progress in agricultural production and its contribution to total productivity and production inputs to achieve economic growth for the period (1990-2015). Therefore, total productivity was calculated on the basis of the Cobl Duklasm function using the OLS method. The results of the estimation indicated the significance of the variables and their ability to interpret 67% of the changes in the agricultural GDP. The labor component was more intensive than the growth rate, with a contribution of 58%, while its growth rate reached 0.9% The capital component had a contribution of 38%. No relationship was found between the rate of growth of production components and their contribution to the agricultural GDP. The contribution of total productivity reached 39%, and thus it required raising the productivity of agricultural work through strengthening and intensifying the role of agricultural extension and research centers in training workers, to provide information, advisory services and assistance to solve problems in the production process. This will lead to raise the technical, managerial and technological capabilities of workers in the agricultural sector.

الكلمات الدلالية

Growth --- Production --- Elements --- GDP --- Productivity --- Cobl --- Duklasm --- function


Article
The economics of poultry production in Muthanna Governorate for the year 2017
اقتصاديات إنتاج الدواجن في محافظة المثنى للعام 2017

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الخلاصة

The research aimed to estimate the function of poultry production and its economic derivatives, as well as the calculation of some indicators of the economic efficiency of the production and its factors, data were obtained through a random sample that included 35 fields, which accounted for 32% of the total poultry producers in the province. The logarithmic formula was chosen as the most suitable for passing the tests, also the results of the efficiency of the factors of production showed that the producers were not efficient in the use of the elements of production, especially medicines. The results of the criteria of economic efficiency of net cash income, net farm income, returns of agricultural work, The total return of the capital were as follows, respectively (30461.82, 28778.25, 28023.04, 26282.47, 33027.46, 31343.89) thousand dinars, the capital return was 1.057, which is a good indicator from the point of view of the producer and the society, and the period of capital recovery invested in the meal And the economic derivatives showed that the production elements fall within the second stage of production. The total flexibility of the production elements was about 1.16. This means increasing the return to capacity. The study recommended that the necessity to protecting and encouraging domestic poultry production by limiting the import of poultry meat. Frozen Kun production The local is able to fill a large part of the local need which involves economic and health important political benefits.

الكلمات الدلالية

Economic --- efficiency --- Income net Agricultural --- income net


Article
Response of Wheat Varieties Newly Introduced to Different Planting Dates
إستجابة أصناف من الحنطة Triticum aestivum L. مدخلة حديثاً لمواعيد زراعة مختلفة

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الخلاصة

A field experiment was carried out, during 2016-2017 growing season at research station, agric. College, Samawa to study the performance of Barley cvs. (coa, Nwewya , Nacowy potas and IPA99) sown at four planting dates (1, 15/11 and 1,12/15.). The Results showed Nwewya was the most potent cultivar, since it gave the highest yield (5.31t.h-1) biological yield (13.40 t.h-1) Harvest index (39.12%) . The best sowing date was 1st, November, as it manifested the highest yield (6.72 t.h-1 ), biological yield (19.98 t.h-1), weight of 1000 seeds (37.57g), Number of fertile spikes (485.40), Neweya wheat cultivar sown on 1st, November was the most effective treatments, they gave the highest yield (7.80 t.h-1).

الكلمات الدلالية

Planting --- Date --- Cultivars --- Wheat Russian --- Iraqi cvs


Article
Effect of Addition of Levels of Phosphorus and Their Fragmentation in the Characteristics of Growth and Wheat Yield) Triticum aestivum L .)
تأثير اضافة مستويات من الفسفور وتجزئتها في صفات النمو وحاصل صنفين من الحنطة Tritium aestivum L) )

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الخلاصة

The experiment was carried out during the growing season 2016-2017 in Al-Muthanna to investigate the effect of different P levels (0, 50, and 100kg. h-1) and application times (once, twice, and three parts) on growth and yield of Bengal and Rushed wheat cultivars. 100kg.h-1 P application showed the highest plant height (106.3 cm, plant dry weight (3.533gm), weight of 1000 seeds (60.6gm), biological yield (17.18 t.h-1), and grain yield (6.85 t.h-1). Broadcasting superphosphate two times gave the highest values in terms of highest plant height (101.8 cm, plant dry weight (3.396gm), weight of 1000 seeds (55.5gm), biological yield (14.24 t.h-1), and grain yield (5.73 t.h-1).

الكلمات الدلالية

P Fertilizationز Wheat --- Cultivars --- Growth Yield

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