Table of content

Alustath

الاستاذ

ISSN: 0552265X 25189263
Publisher: Baghdad University
Faculty: Education Ibn Rushd
Language: Arabic and English

This journal is Open Access

About

About the magazine
Issued by the Faculty of Education, Ibn Rushd scientific journal entitled (Journal of the professor), was her first release in 1952. In the beginning. It deals with scientific research, literature and the Arab and Islamic civilization, and contributes to the professors of colleges according to their competence to define the educational community in the Arab countries and abroad.
• the name of the magazine: -Alustath( Professor)
• Produced by: - Faculty of Education / Ibn Rushd
• the international number ((ISSN)):-0552-265X/E-2518-9263
• E-mail to the magazine: - alustath.journal@ircoedu.uobaghdad.edu.iq
• Year Released: --1952
• Type of release (quarterly, semi-annual): - quarterly.

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Contact info

Email : alustath.journal@ircoedu.uobaghdad.edu.iq

Table of content: 2018 volume:1 issue:225

Article
Sentence structure and pragmatics in the contemporary Arabic syntactic studies
بناء الجملة و دلالاتها في الدراسات النحوية العربية المعاصرة

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Abstract

The current study investigates the origins of Arabic sentence structure from the Modernist perspective. This study contributes to the literature of old syntax lesson because it presents an overall picture of sentence structure and clarifies its pragmatics. Furthermore, the current study documents the 1920s scientific efforts of Iraqi and other scholars.

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Article
Iraqi critical discourse - Assets and Reviews -
الخطاب النقديّ العراقيّ - الأصول والمراجعات -

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Abstract

Does creative criticism contribute to the extension of the circle of creative texts with the different characteristics it has?! Does it carry other tasks in addition to its duties in examination, analysis and judgment by which it tries to extricate literature from the traps of its degeneration and the dilemmas of its problems to restore its ability to perform its high human function?! This paper tries to answer these questions within the scope of literary criticism in Iraq.


Article
Painful of disprision a novel of major coups (Mawajaa Alshataat )
قراءة في رواية مواجع الشتات رواية الانقلابات الكبرى

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Abstract

Abdul Karim Nassif’s novel discusses the Arab situation and the fragmentation that happened to the Arabic society. The writer tried to look deep into the Arab consciousness and search for links for the Arabic cultural heritage. This novel is one of the political novels that speaks about the political reality of the Arab world to search deep into the community and find what mistakes are happening

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Article
Criticize the criticism in Arabic critical tradition ElSherif Elmurtadha as a sample""
نقد النقد في التراث النقدي ... الشريف المرتضى نموذجًا

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Abstract

(Criticize the criticism ) performed by ElSherif Elmurtadha is considered as the main subject in his critical speech .The reader of his critical writings will discover his method in dialoguing the other .The previously mentioned performance obviously shown in his book in its two volumes. (dawns of advantages and pearls of necklaces ) known as (Emali Emurtadha) and his two other books (the shooting stars of youth and elders )(spectrum of imagination).This study aims at studying the critical speech in these three books. The research question is: does the criticizer of criticism repeat the known criticism of his days or add a scholar knowledge and a deep thinking to himself ?.The importance of this study is lies in its attempt to root the connotation of criticize the criticism in the Arabic critical tradition through criticizing EL Amedi ’s criticism by ElSherif Elmurtadha .This study comes in two parts: The first part is about the classical and modern Arabic criticize the criticism. The second part is about criticize the criticism performed by ElSherif Elmurtadha.


Article
The feminine features in Ebtesam Abdullh’s stories: Incense as Selected Sample
الملامح النسوية في قصص ابتسام عبدالله بخور اختياراً

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Abstract

Feminism in the world has passed through many intellectual and ideological movements and different theories. It has also been effected by some writers and thinkers like John Stewart and others, but it became prominent in literature and fine arts . Thus, literary texts express women expectations in life and society and introduce the most important women issues in regarding liberty and defending her humanistic and social rights in addition to her historical struggle to be on equal with the man. This research discusses the feminine features in the literary works of the novelist ( Ebtesam Abdullh) especially in her story collection (incense). The novelist has presented woman issues, especially Iraqi women issues, during the war period. The novelist adopted a set of issues that the woman is interested in like masculine dominance and freeing women from men’s control. Furthermore, the novelist talked about body, love and freedom by using expressive language and a splendid artistic style.

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Article
Restriction in the Rhetorician controversies until the End of the Eighth Century AH
(القصر )في خلافات البلاغيين حتّى نهاية القرن الثامن الهجري

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Abstract

The aim of the study is to reveal the controversial features of the rhetoricians in order to identify the points of view in the rhetorical lesson and the way of thinking at that time which leads us to intellectual openness. The research focuses on one of the arts of semantics, which is restriction, because of the rhetorical attention it gets. This research enables the reader to identify the intellectual references of the rhetoricians because they have the most prominent influence on activating the controversies for each scientist has his own intellectual factor which is reflected on the assumptions and rhetorical analyses. The construction of deviational pragmatics creates an openness on the interpretative scopes, which is why scholars of rhetorics investigate the structure of restriction which was a wide space for the rise of dissenting voices among them and a source of great analytical debates of different texts. The controversies between rhetoricians revolve around the term, procedures, analysis, and directing rhetorical evidence. That is why we shed light on this issue which is scattered in the rhetorical books. We selected controversial issues in the style of the restriction to be the center of research based on a specific time to avoid losing the scientific material. Furthermore, the eighth century AH witnessed a stability of rhetorical terminology, which is why the current study has the title of (“Restriction” in the rhetorician controversies until the end of the eighth century AH” ).

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Article
The Semantics of Primary Colours in Arabic Lexicons
دلالات الألوان الأساسية في المعجمات العربية

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Abstract

This study investigates colours, their names, and their development in Arabic dictionaries. The first section introduces the criteria of the primary and secondary colours and the issue of colours in Arabic language. The second section, ‘The Semantics of Primary Colours in Arabic Lexicons,’ is a practical section of the study where aspect of semantics of the primary colours in old and contemporary Arabic lexicons is presented. Finally, the study ends with references used in the current research.


Article
"A Spatial of incident and its representation of the verb: A Semantic Study of the place"
أَحْيـــَـازُ الحَدَثِ وَ تَمَثلاتُها في الفعلِ "دراسةٌ في دلالةِ المَكَانِ"

Authors: م.د.محمد حسين مهاوي
Pages: 145-166
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Abstract

The present paper deals with viewing the relationship between tenses and place in terms of attached and dis attached of the verb. The philosophical researches reflect the thread of movement of time and its variables in a relation to space of place. Tenses are only variables that attached to the cases of places in which can be only semantically attribute to the roots of verb in Arabic from linguistic point of view, due to the findings of phonetics and collocation


Article
Absolute and Restricted Indications
في دلالة المطلق والمقيد

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Abstract

the research includes an introduction, preface, and an epilogue. The introduction contains the reason for the selecting this topic and the plan of the research. The research explains three points related to indications: first, absolute and restricted conditions; second, carrying the absolute on the restricted; an third, the conflict in carrying the absolute on the restricted in doctrine branches. The conclusion contains the most important results of the research.

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Article
“Lat” Between Literal and the Verbal With Abu Hayan Al-Andalusi -Question for Discussion-
"لاتَ" بَين الحرفيّة والفعليّة عند أبي حيّان الاندلسي -مسألة للمناقشة-

Authors: م. ناهدة غازي علوان
Pages: 181-190
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Abstract

This is an old issue upon which linguists are not agreed. Some linguists consider “lat” as on active letter like “Ina”, and others consider it as on active verb just like “Laisa”. Other disputation is whether “Lat” is used especially in negation of time or whether it is a compound. The research presents the views of scientists about “lat”, its work, and its adjustments. It’s an issue which made the scientists hesitate including Abu Hayan Al-Andalusi who announced it as being a verb once and a letter another time. He didn’t give any clear judgment about it to solve this dispute which exists to our recent time.

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Article
The level of storytelling (Hay Bin Yaktan) as a model
مستوى القصصية الروائية (رسالة حي بن يقظان) أنموذجاً

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Abstract

There is no doubt that every nation is looking for glances in the intellectual and literary products of its son's throughout the ages in order to prove its advanced position in the world of scientific innovation. Evidence of this allegation has some signals (The theory of Hay Bin Yaktan), it's a form of stories, But this signal did not reach the recipient to the degree of certainty. But after re-examined in a scientific manner based on scientific research methodology, the signals showed that they were not only a story or a novel in the true sense. This research proved the creative capabilities and the technical capabilities of narration that rise in art fiction to levels of creativity through the idea, plot, characters, events and the nature of the crises that revolve within this novel. Because of the internal or external conflicts that arise from a special and distinct reality, it aims to achieve a philosophical idea, which makes it the first philosophical novel looking at difficult human dilemmas.

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Article
Personality manifestations in the Abbasid poetry Dhabl Khuzaie model
تجليات الشخصية في الشعر العباسيّ ... دعبل الخزاعي أنموذجاً

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Abstract

Studies that dealt with the personality were diverse in terms of analysis leading to a multiplicity of views and variations based on different references of criticism. It is a psychological and pragmatic approach to the structural and ideological curriculum that has moved the personality from its human orbit to the paper stage object, as Roland Bar mentioned, and from the person to the personality, as expressed by Michelle Zrava, where humans move from the visible reality to the imaginary personality in the mind meaning that its concept is reflected from its reference function not its style pattern and the creator was expressing a special philosophy that is behind the general features of it or when filmed the hero in the product literary text. Since poetry is one of the most Arabic arts to say and care about photographing the human in his relationship with the society so the characters appear in a double sign the critics stand between the creative picture and the imagination of the creator that reflects the image of the real person and from here he deliberately Dabel Al Khuzaee adopted techniques and narrative mechanisms for displaying personality profiles and drawing its text image so he formed of dialogue, features and attributes is an important factor to show the personality and play its role so the recipient feels it and she speaks and works and exercises her function with specificfeatures within the text.

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Article
Symbols of Sufism and Gratitude (Al-Irfan)in the poetry of Igbal Al-Lahouri
رموز التصوف والعرفان في شعر اقبال اللاهوري

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Abstract

The Indiana poet Mohammad Iqbal Al-Lahouri is one of the great poets who shined Like as star in the Indian subcontinent in the past 100 years. He became a distinguished literary phenomenon in today's world. Many literary works and were written about him. One of the important aspects of Iqbal's poetry is the reflection of mystical concepts and knowledge in his poems as was the case of Sufi scholars one of which is the great persian Sufi poet (JalaluddinAl-Roumi). That is why the current research came under this title. (symbols of Sufism and Gratitude (Al-Irfan)in the poetry of Igbal Al-Lahouri).

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Article
The reflection of objection and comparative deliberation of it in poems of Ebneroomi and Khayame neishaboori
بازتاب فرافکنی و بررسی تطبیقی آن در اشعار ابن رومی و خیام نیشابوری

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Abstract

Projection is a theory in psychology in which humans defend themselves against their own unconscious impulses or qualities.(both positive and negative)by denying their existence in themselves while attributing them to others.I the area(arena)of persian litrature, the use of objection in poems have been completely obvious.Alot of grandee (sage) like Naser khosro,Sadi, Hafez, Khajoo kermani and Khayam neishaboori and many other great poets of persian litrature used the effects of projection in their poems and this is not a new issue in the area of persian literature and art.The use of projection in persian literature refers to many years ago or the distant past but it is clear and the evidences show that any investigation havenot done about the use of objection in arabic literature.It is possible that many poems have composed in arabic literature are stayed secret by look of researchers.In this article the researcher is seeking of Ebne roomi poems that used the effects of projection in his poems and worked out in this field more that others.Both of them,persian poets and arabic poets have taken alot of steps in this area and have attributed some unpleasant characteristic to time or condition.These poets have posed their opinions with simple and sweet language and have disposed considerable works for their readers.

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