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مجلة العميد

ISSN: 22270345 23119152
الجامعة: ديوان الوقف الشيعي
الكلية:
اللغة: Arabic and English

This journal is Open Access

حول المجلة



مجلة فصلية محكمة
تعنى بالأبحاث والدراسات الانسانية
تصدر عن العتبة العباسية المقدسة
صدر العدد الاول مطلع عام 2012 .

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معلومات الاتصال

Mob :+9647719487257
mob :+9647602355555
http://alameedcenter.iq
Email: alameed@alameedcenter.iq

جدول المحتويات السنة: 2017 المجلد: 6 العدد: 3

Article
A Pragmatic Study of Curse in Al-Sayyeda Zeinab’s(PBUH) Sermon to Yezid
دراسة تداولية للعن في خطبة السيدة زينب الى يزيد

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الخلاصة

Curse is an appeal to Allah, Most Praised and Most Glorified , asking for His punishment against someone. The act of curse has been studied psychologically , sociologically, linguistically and even pragmatically, but the major concern of such studies deals with curse from Allah, Most Praised and Most Glorified , to people. Accordingly, this study attempts to deal with the act of curse uttered by someone who suffers a lot from someone else, her suffering leads her to express a wish that Yezid is to incur misfortune as the sayyeda Zeinab curses him due to the harm that he causes to her. Keywords: Pragmatics, Curse, Al- Sayyeda Zeinab(PBUH), and Pragma- Rhetorical Strategies.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Speech Acts Theory in the Two Sermons of (Sayada. Zeinab ( Peace be upon her (|Parallelism Reading )
نظرية الافعال الكلامية في خطبتي السيدة زينب عليها السلام قراءة موازنة

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الخلاصة

The current study tackles the two sermons of sayada. Zeinab , the first happened when she repaired to Kufa in a caravan as slave in 61 Hijra and encompassed by soldiers , pondered over the tears of the Kufa people , hearkening to their weeping , never got convinced with the hollow ostentation and conveyed her words to them all. Yet the second sermon takes place in Levant , Yazid meeting, in the face of the dictator of the Umayyad people with his entourage and other people from different religions , Sayada. Zeinab summons herself with virtue to defeat proudly vice after experiencing the deeds of Yazid . Though there is no parity between the two poles, the two sermons float into surface with transparency ,eloquence and the religious and political gestures to refute the unjust under sordid circumstances and most fatal dangers. The study manifests the ways in which the language gests exploited in these sermons in light of the speech acts theory invented by the philosopher Osteen (1960) and then developed at the hand of his student Sirel (19698) , such a theory is regarded as the most important one in pragmatics . The research paper observes the impact of the speech acts and the style on the sermons. Structurally accounting, the study defines the theory ; concept and parts, takes certain excerpts from the sermons to be explicated in terms of the four speech acts components : locutionary act, illocutionary act , and perlocutionary act , and elucidates the impact of the verb on creating the speech act along with the performance force running in line with the category of the fifth speech acts : directives, assertives, declaratives , expressives and comissives .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
This Land (Iraq) was no Longer Suitable for Anything” The Cult of Personality in Adnan Al-Sayegh’s ‘Dictator Poems’
هذه الارض العراق لم تعد صالحة لشئ عبادة الشخصية في قصائد الدكتاتور للشاعر العراقي عدنان الصائغ

المؤلفون: Assist. Prof. Dr. Hana Khlaif Ghena
الصفحات: 47-70
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الخلاصة

Being politically and socially engaged, the Iraqi poet Adnan Al- Sayegh wrote a number of what might be termed ‘The Dictator Poems’ in which he sheds light on the nature of the Cult of Personality that can be considered a natural outcome of the political system in modern Iraq. These poems present very gruesome and ghastly pictures of life dominated by a ruthless and bloodthirsty dictatorial system that kept on violating human rights and abusing power. The paper aims at exploring the manifestations of the ‘Cult of Personality’ in a number of Al-Sayegh’s poems. First, it introduces dictatorship as a political system that runs contrary to the values of freedom, humanity and civilized life; it also focuses on the tyrannical and totalitarian regime that reigned Iraq for about forty years. Having established the theoretical background, the paper then presents a critical analysis of some of Al-Sayegh’s poems that deal with Cult of Personality . The conclusion argues that the aim of Al-Sayegh is not only to criticize and protest against the offenses and law-breakings of dictators, but also to warn them that they are the big losers who are to live and die alone and isolated from others.


Article
The Other in the Two Sermons of Zeinab Al- Kubra
الاخر في خطبتي زينب الكبرى عليها السلام

المؤلفون: Prof. Dr. Rahman Ghargan أ.د. رحمن غركان عبادي
الصفحات: 79-101
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الخلاصة

The actual study repairs to explicating the two sermons of Seida: Zeinab Al- Kubra ( Peace be upon her ) in Kufa and in Levant contemplating the portrait of the other on its merits and demerits scale .In the section one , does it tackles both the demerits as there is evident negativeness and focus on these two sermons as there is revelation to the epoch with its truth , humanity shades , doctrines and whatever does good to people lingers on earth , in time the most sapient abode to utter the truth is the abode of the prophetic progeny. Yet the section two manipulates the merits of the other , as the positivesness , hyperberbele , stems from one source though there are many a character and a scope , since the merit in the sermon is inspiration , it is an answer of an infallible whose niche comes to the fore in the revelation message , prophecy and imamate , that is why such niches geminate the sermons and the Quranic presence takes so great a tributary to them through two isles : direct quotation from the Glorious Quran , as explicated in the study, and indirect quotation , the target of the study.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Ahalelbayt Policies in Confronting Religious Extremism and Kafirization
اساليب اهل البيت عليهم السلام في مواجهة التطرف الديني والتكفير

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الخلاصة

T oday, the greatest danger the Islamic nation faces is the risk of takfirizing extremism that threatens the entity of the nation, represents the biggest point perdition to souls and potentials and tarnishes the image of Islam in the world as a religion of terrorism and violence. Thus in order to eradicate this dangerous scourge, we should referred to the Koran as the first Muslims constitution of life in all cases, and also Ahlulbayt which protect the nation from all deviations and misguidance. Ahlulbayt have shown that the best approach to reduce the phenomenon of extremism takfir, is the prevention, through psychological, religious and social upbringing built on solid foundations. As well as the achievement of justice in society and the consolidation of solidarity among its members. In the case of an outbreak of the phenomenon as first stage a therapeutic methods, consisting of good dialogue leading to correct misperceptions must be applied, in order to achieve reconciliation and a return to these extremists to the right path. Otherwise, it is inevitable surrounding or eradicate them if necessary, and then purge the nation of the disease, taking into account all the necessary precautions in order of not fall in again. Key words: Ahlulbayt, takfiri extremism, the prevention, therapeutic methods, dialogue, eradication.


Article
Translating the Qur’an: A Jurisprudential Approach
ترجمة القران الكريم مقاربة شرعية

المؤلفون: Dr. Ali Yunis Aldahesh م.د.علي يونس الدهش
الصفحات: 177-218
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الخلاصة

There has been a great deal of debate during the Islamic history amongst Muslim scholars, jurists and intellectuals over lawfulness/unlawfulness of the issue of translating the Qur’an into other languages. Such a controversial issue has divided Muslim scholars into two distinct groups. The first group argues against allowing the Qur’an to be translated under the pretext that the scripture has its very specific divine, linguistic and cultural characteristics hence it is untranslatable, while the other group argues for allowing the Qur’an to be translated claims that it is the final divine word to mankind hence its message ought to be understood by all human beings regardless of their religious, linguistic, and cultural backgrounds, and there is no way to do so but to translate it into other languages. In their attempt to justify their views, each group draws on the Qur’an itself and Sunna (Prophetic Tradition). This paper concerns itself with identifying and analysing the different viewpoints concerning this crucial issue. It contains five sections and a conclusion. The first section sheds light on the issue of translating the Qur’an at the time of the Prophet Muhammad. The second section, however, addresses this issue after the era of the Prophet. The third section provides some insights into the stance of Al-Azhar scholars in regards with the issue. Whereas, the forth section underscores the attitudes of modern Shiites scholars. Finally, the fifth section deals with some observations of contemporary intellectuals specialised in Qura’nic studies. The paper concludes with a brief overview outlining the reality of translating the Qur’an into other languages at the present time.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
The Concept of Certainty in the Glorious Quran (Philosophical and Conversational Vision )
مفهوم اليقين رؤية كلامية فلسفية

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الخلاصة

Certainty is of important loci the scholars of speech and philosophy have affirmed. For surety , it is the antidote to doubt, science is the antithesis of ignorance, and science runs as science for certainty ; the soul reverts to it . However , all the shades of certainty are knowledge, yet not is all knowledge certainty . To fathom Him , it is to contemplate himself or any creature on earth : there is no an organ without a function , such shows a definite indication of the will and determination, everything comes with a cause , in time man never pays attention to the means . For certainty there are three contours ; the science of certainty , the sheer science , the right of certainty , the science of certainty tackles insight and sight as it is to know that water is in the sea , the sheer science does the observation and evidence as it is to promenade by the sea and ponder over and the right of certainty does the science and the observation altogether as it is to plunge into the sea or as it is to know the right by observation and get mingled with ; in the schools of philosophy there are certain departments : mathematic or logical certainty , self-certainty and objective certainty . The research paper includes five sections : Section one : concept of certainty language and terminology. Section two : thresholds of certainty and philosophical vision. Section three: the concept of certainty in the Glorious Quran ( Philosophical and Conversational Vision). Section four : ranks of certainty in the Glorious Quran ( Philosophical and Conversational Vision). Section five : Sections of certainty ( Philosophical Vision)

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Electric Generators and the Environmental Repercussions
المولدات الكهربائية واثارها البيئية

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الخلاصة

Electricity is regarded as an essential factor in our daily lives because it represents the fundamental infrastructure in various production sectors. We can't by no means, ignore the use of electricity simply because there are electrical machines or instruments everywhere to give us ease and freedom to practice our everyday life. For its great importance, this research tackles the use of electrical generators which are widely used because of the deficiencies in power produced by the national electricity net. The research also sheds light on the concepts, the stages of development , the features, and the defects of generators. Moreover, the research concentrates on the natural, economical, and human factors necessary for operating generators. Finally, the research explains the problems the generators suffered from and the problems they causes.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Critical Skills Acquisition in Explication
امتلاك المهارات النقدية في تحليل النص الادبي

المؤلفون: Dr. `Amar Jabar `Aesa د. عمار جبار عيسى
الصفحات: 299-334
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الخلاصة

That man is endowed with certain qualifications : taste, intelligence , perception and conception , accumulative experience and application from generation to generation , the passions of optimism and pessimism comes to the fore as a locus of the current paper to highlight the literary texts reading and explication .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
The Geopolitical Dimensions of Russian-American Competition for Syria(2011 - 2016)
الابعاد الجيوبولتيكية للتنافس الروسي الامريكي على سوريا (2011,2016)

المؤلفون: D. Majid Saddam Salim م.د ماجد صدام سالم
الصفحات: 337-375
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الخلاصة

The international system has witnessed after the 2011 drastic shifts in the balance of power ; one for the Arab world represented in the so-called revolution, the Arab Spring ,begetting these changes in the political, military and economic scenes regionally and internationally, as the emergence of an international competition on Syria to have more international interests in the region takes place . The research aims to investigate the truth of such rivalry and its shadow and what it represents on the regional and international scale . The study takes hold of using the geopolitical analysis by observing the scene on the Syrian arena and the legacy of the geopolitical dimensions of the area influencing the competing poles , both Russia and the United States keep geopolitical scopes toward Syria in particular and the Middle East in general. For Russia it is a wave against its tide to inactivate its dominance in the region ,yet for the United States in cooperation with its allies in the region it is an opportunity to stymie the Russian influence.

الكلمات الدلالية

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