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مجلة كلية التربية الأساسية للعلوم التربوية والإنسانية

ISSN: 23043717 23128003
الجامعة: جامعة بابل
الكلية: التربية الاساسية
اللغة: Arabic

This journal is Open Access

حول المجلة

المجلة تهتم بالبحوث العلمية في المجالات التربوية والإنسانية، وهي مجلة فصلية تصدر كل ٣ أشهر، وصدر أول عدد في عام ٢٠٠٩م، تخضع البحوث المنشورة إلى تقويم علمي من قبل مختصين في مجال البحث المراد نشره قبل عملية النشر.

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معلومات الاتصال

mcbe_babylon@yahoo.com
07801733667

جدول المحتويات السنة: 2018 المجلد: العدد: 39

Article
Developmental changes in the physical and mental aspects of young and middle age individuals: a comparative study
التغيرات النمائية في الجانب الجسمي والجانب العقلي لدى أفراد مرحلة الشباب ومرحلة أواسط العمر

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الخلاصة

Due to the absence of scientific studies dealing with developmental changes in the physical and mental aspects of young and middle age individuals as a comparative study between the two stages, this research aims to identify the concept of developmental changes and the concept of the two stages of life (youth stage) In the field of psychology, as well as to identify the most important developmental similarities physical or mental between the two stages of young age and middle age, and the most important developmental differences between physical or mental between the two stages of youth and middle age, and similarities and differences Aspects of physical growth and mental growth in both stages of the age group of young people and middle-aged. The study used the comparative method due to its relevance to the subject of the study and in order to achieve its objectives. The study reached scientific results at the end of the study, which would enrich the field. The study recommended further studies in this field.


Article
Function of metaphors in representation of fictional characters In short story “istgah” from Yusuf Idris
وظیفة الإستعارة الجمالیة لإستحضار الشخصیات الروائیة فی قصة "محطة" القصیرة لیوسف ادریس

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الخلاصة

Metaphor, literary technique is well-known that the author uses to express indirectly it matters to have more effect on the audience. The metaphor is often less poetic language features used in the story. But Yusuf Idris, contemporary Egyptian writer of this technique to represent the suffering of corruption in the society uses fictional characters and expression and sexual relations is most striking figure. Among the most significant of his stories, short stories, "istgah" is about friendship illegitimate daughter and a son today. This daughter and a son are met on the bus. Bus convoys and traveler's community life that they do not pay attention to breaking with tradition its hurts writer and use makniye metaphor to describe the corruption and moral crisis the main characters of the story. The main function of metaphor describing the characters and their illicit sexual relations. The present study represents a metaphor that serves the main characters have been anomalies, to explore the moral crisis of Egypt's population. And the descriptive-analytic exploits to prove that metaphor describing sexual relationships and love in the service of false and strained relationships between boys and girls has been used.


Article
Reflection of ethical-educational topics in the poems of Abu Al-Aswad Al-Dawali
انعكاس المواضيع الأخلاقية- التعليمية في أشعار أبي الأسود الدؤلي

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الخلاصة

Standards, norms and ethical and human values are an essential part of human civilization that has been taken into consideration and explored. There have been many attempts within history to record, and transfer to this group of concepts and indications and assets, which has dedicated the art forms of speech, especially poetry within this current more used for itself for the privacy of magnificence and survival and immortality, which is expressed under the title of educational literature. Educational literature can be considered a collection of poems and texts based on finding constructive dealings between the writer and the interlocutors and readers through the double confluence of literature and ethics in the widest possible content and significance, focusing on goals and goals such as reform, education, development, growth and personal, social, religious and secular brilliance of its speakers and readers. The writers, especially the poets, have tried to decorate their poems with the grace and adornment of these reflections, contentions and the high and positive connotations of humanity. Among them was Abu al-Aswad al-Dawali (69 BC), being a contemporary poet of Imam Ali (AS) and founder of Arabic grammar, with his poetry of various kinds, to build humanity such as patience, friendship, trust, anger and ... The exclusive advice of this Imam Hamam (p). The present research attempts to deal with the study and clarification of the contents and moral indications in the library of this great poet through the descriptive - analytical method to prove that the educational poetry - contrary to what some researchers go to - Has received the presence and active participation since ancient times, which was issued Islam is based on guidance to the religion of Islam.


Article
Objectivity of university professors Field study on a sample of professors of the Algerian University
الموضوعية لدى أساتذة الجامعة دراسة ميدانية على عينة من أساتذة الجامعة الجزائرية

المؤلفون: Zohra LASSOUED الزهرة الأسود
الصفحات: 53-65
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الخلاصة

The teaching profession requires certain personal characteristics of those who carried out. Personality consists of the total physical and mental qualities and moods, social and moral. All of these qualities when meet in teacher in positive way, help him much to success in his teaching profession. That is because of the important role of teachers in preparing students for life and professional process.


Article
A Suggested Study to Improve Female Teachers' Distribution in Riyadh city schools
استراتيجية مقترحة لرفع كفاءة توزيع المعلمات في المدارس بمدينة الرياض

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الخلاصة

The study aims at showing the actual distribution of female teachers in the Public Administration of Riyadh Education, highlighting the obstacles which limit the efficiency of their distribution, finding the necessary mechanisms to achieve teachers' distribution efficiency, and a suggested strategy to achieve female teachers' distribution efficiency in Riyadh city schools. The study used surveys, questionnaires and the descriptive approach to collect the data needed from 27 places, which constitute the different headquarters of education office. The study found the following:


Article
Blindness effect on imagination faces of blind Yemeni poet, Abdullah Albardouni
تأثير كف البصر على خيال الشاعر اليمني المكفوف عبدالله البردوني

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الخلاصة

Abdullah Albardouni, a Yemeni poet has become blind since he was 5 years old. This (blindness) has been effective in his interaction way with environment (the other people). As a blind person, he has relied significantly on his two senses i.e. hearing and tactility to receive and transfer the feelings and experiences and emotions. This is apparent in his poets in the best way and causes new pictures in his poem that which has been observed less in blind poets’ poem. As a blind person, Albardouni would have been received his environment with these two senses more than any other senses and would have transferred his poetry feelings and experience so. This has caused to create a special poetry experience in him with its most important attribute as a creation of novel and creative imagines including new assimilations arising from two hearing and tactility senses, space description with sound, images from silence, new Synesthesia s among the two hearing and tactility senses and the other senses.


Article
Comparative study in the mechanics of formulating vocabulary, problems and challenges In (the linguistic assemblages of Persian and Arab literature)
دراسة مقارنة في آليّات صوغ المفردات، إشكاليّاتها، وتحديّاتها في (المجمعين اللغويين للأدبين الفارسي والعربي)

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الخلاصة

Today, Arabic and Farsi are facing a difficult test of the new foreign language that every day international civilization enters into their lexicon. Fortunately, since their formation, the Arab and Persian Assemblies have played a prominent role in countering the invasion of foreign vocabulary, placing thousands of vocabulary by employing various mechanisms, including borrowing, derivation, sculpture, abbreviation, Arabization and fervor. This article examines the descriptive and analytical methods of joint mechanisms in Arabic and Farsi in the formulation of vocabulary and the choice of the corresponding and compared the mechanisms used. In another section she addressed the problems of the Arabic and Persian compilers in the formulation of vocabulary, especially in translation and derivation. Finally, she spoke about the challenges that the Arab and Persian societies faced or would face. One of the most important results of this modest research is the need to reconsider some of the interviews and derivations because of the vocabulary that we have studied, because many of the interviews developed have problems in grammatical, derivative and moral drafting.


Article
Life pressures And its relation to the cognitive failure of the preparatory year students at Qassim University
الضغوط الحياتية وعلاقتها الاخفاق المعرفي لدى طلبة السنة التحضيرية في جامعة القصيم

المؤلفون: Fatima Sahab Al-Rashidi سحاب الرشيدي
الصفحات: 116-129
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الخلاصة

This study aimed to introduce the level of life pressures, and its relation with cognitive failure among the preparatory year students of AL-Qasim University. The study sample consisted of the students who enrolled in the preparatory year's program at Al-Qasim University, from the second level, and who numbered (267) students, (67) of highest achievers, and (150) of normal students. The correlative, analytical descriptive method was used, as also, the scale of life pressures from the researcher preparation, and Broadbent and his colleagues scale for cognitive failure (Broadbent, et al, 1982).


Article
The impact of extra-curricular activities in developing social skills among fourth grade students from the perspective of their teachers in Amman
أثر الانشطة اللاصفية في تنمية المهارات الاجتماعية لدى طلبة الصف الرابع الأساسي من وجهة نظر معلميهم بمحافظة العاصمة عمان

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الخلاصة

The study aimed to investigate the role of extracurricular activities in social skills development among the fourth basic grade students from their teacher’s point of view in the capital Amman governorate, and to investigate the differences between means of fourth basic class teachers and the contribution of extracurricular activities in social skills development due to gender, specialization and education qualification. The researcher used the analytical descriptive approach because of its relevance for the purposes of the study. After studying the educational literature, the researcher developed a questionnaire for the role of extracurricular activities in the development of social skills. Social skills scale was developedbased on Earls (2009), Al-Hawyan (2011) Qatawneh, 2014scales.


Article
The degree of responsiveness of Palestinian school curricula in the basic stage of the characteristics of democratic education from the point of view of teachers
درجة استجابة المناهج المدرسية الفلسطينية في المرحلة الأساسية لسمات التعليم الديمقراطي من وجهة نظر المعلمين

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الخلاصة

The study aimed to identify the estimates of a sample of the teachers of the basic stage in Gaza Governorate to the degree of responsiveness of the Palestinian school curricula to the characteristics of democratic education and to find out if there were statistically significant differences at the level (α≤ 0.05) of significance Attributable to variables (sex, number of years of service). The researcher followed the analytical descriptive method by applying a questionnaire that included (36) paragraphs on a sample of (419) teachers and teachers from the basic education stage in Gaza governorates. The results showed that the total degree of appreciation of the primary school teachers in Gaza governorate to the extent of the school curricula 'response to the characteristics of democratic education was medium with a relative weight (67.8%). The field of (democratic teacher practices) ranked first, the field of (democratic teaching methods) ranked second, and finally the field (promotion of democratic values) in the last rank, There were no statistically significant differences at the level of significance (α≤ 0.05) between the mean scores of the ratings due to the variables. The study recommended the development of school and classroom activities associated with representative curricula, such as class councils, student unions and participation groups.


Article
Compliance factors, and human triumph in the Quranic stories
دراسة عوامل النجاح في القصص القرآنية

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الخلاصة

Quran stories that are full of the life and deeds of the Prophet (PBUH), are eligible. God Almighty says in the Holy Quran, righteous finally win, they will come and the land owner, the prophets of the best examples of human are considered. Way to achieve compliance and human triumph, and individual factors social and Educational frequency impact. The authors of this paper have attempted to examine Quran, especially the Quran stories, explain, and evaluate elements of obedience and victory formation


Article
Evaluating the reality of using e-learning management system (EMES) in KAAU from the students
تقويم واقع استخدام نظام التعليم الإلكتروني (EMES) في برنامج التعليم عن بعد بجامعة الملك عبدالعزيز من وجهة نظر الطلاب

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الخلاصة

Study Objectives: This study aims to Identify the following: To what extent, the students of KUUA in Jeddah benefited from (EMES. The obstacles that face students in KAAU in using e-learning management system (EMES). Improving KAAU experiment in the use of e-learning management system (EMES) from the students. Most important results: The overall average mark for students' benefit from (EMES) reached average degree (3,86). The overall average mark of the obstacles that face the students reached with probable obstacle (1,04). The highest point concerning the improvement of KAAU usage of the system reached (25,4%) from the students viewpoints concerning developing the system to catch up with the new technology requirements. Most important recommendations and suggestions: Making sure of the infrastructure quality and having intensive ,in-service training on using (EMES) - The study suggested implementing evaluating studies for the system according to the international criteria of comprehensive quality - It also suggests making a field study to pinpoint and identify the system's technical problems and ways to get over them.


Article
Performance in the Algerian Organization: Researching the relationship between performance management and staff commitment Case Study Publishing Agency and Advertising Unit Ads - Pasteur Branch
الأداء في المؤسسة الجزائرية: البحث في العلاقة بين ادارة الأداء والتزام الموظفين دراسة حالة وكالة النشر والاشهار وحدة الاعلانات – فرع باستور

المؤلفون: lalidji mohamed amine لعليجي محمد أمين
الصفحات: 197-207
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الخلاصة

The main purpose of this study is to clarify the problematic relations between two important concepts in organizational studies which are performance management and employee engagement in the National Enterprise of Communication, Publishing and Advertising (Anep). We stress the importance of performance management as a process that offers an opportunity for the integration of all HR strategies using specific factors (Goal Setting, Job Resources, Recognition and Feedback) that constitutes drivers of employee engagement. Results showed that goal setting, job resources, and recognition, feedback, and fairness were all positively correlated with engagement.


Article
The use of teleconnection method in the study of climate changes - with the application for Palestine's climate
استخدام طريقة الترابط بعيدة المدى في دراسة التغيرات المناخية – مع التطبيق على مناخ فلسطين

المؤلفون: Mustafa Rashed Jarrar مصطفى راشد محمد جرار
الصفحات: 208-223
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الخلاصة

the study of Teleconnection method in the climate studies in general or in both terms climate modeling and spatial localization of the climate subject is considered to be very modern, the reasons behind it uses for scientists and researchers, considering the Atmosphere as an integrated system correlate with each other during the energy distribution in it. either, similar or amphibolous.


Article
Psychological Burnout and coping strategies among secondary school teachers
الاحتراق النفسي وإستراتيجيات مواجهته لدى معلمي التعليم الثانوي

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الخلاصة

The present study aim at identifying the relationship of the psychological burnout to coping strategies. The sample consisted of 157 teachers, who taught in the secondary schools of Tlemcen in western Algeria; Applied to them Maslash psychological burnout test ,and Scale coping strategies Ondler's and Parker. After statistical processing using SPSS(20) the study revealed the following results:


Article
The approach of Imam Muslim in the hadith is included through his correct Musnad
منهج الإمام مسلم في الحديث المدرج من خلال كتابه المسند الصحيح

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الخلاصة

The researcher has studied Imam Muslim's methodology in Interpolated (Mudraj) Hadith through his book titled : al Musnad as Sahih. Sahih Muslim is regarded as one of the most authentic (Sahih) books after the Holy Quran since it has many distinctive features that make it different from other books. Since interpolated (Mudraj) hadith is one of weak hadiths, this study aims at revealing Imam Muslim's methodology in dealing with this kind of hadith through his book (Sahih Muslim) where it proved to us his genius, precision, accuracy and commitment in the authenticity of hadiths included in his book.


Article
Community Partnership in Financing Lifelong Learning Programs in Saudi Universities
الشراكة المجتمعية في تمويل برامج التعليم المستمر في الجامعات السعودية

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الخلاصة

Lifelong learning is a necessity imposed by the rapid modernization in the world today. Through its programs communities can be provided by their needs of human resource who are able to build the community, and run it according to the developed world’s needs and requirements. Therefore, countries endeavored hard to develop programs of this type of learning, and worked to activate the partnership with local community and its institutions in funding and support these programs. It had emerged several reasons that call for the partnership such as limited resources and funding crisis which governments faced. Also, the reasons of equality and fair admission to all groups of society.


Article
Quality Assurance Management and Improvement in the Administration of Public Education Schools in Asir Province
معيار إدارة ضمان الجودة وتحسينها، وواقع تطبيقها في إدارة مدارس التعليم العام بمنطقة عسير

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الخلاصة

The objective of this study is to identify the indicators of quality assurance management and improvement standard, and its application in the management of public schools in Asir Province. A proposed scenario was presented to manage and improve quality assurance, to achieve the purpose of the study, the researchers developed a question on "what are indicators of quality assurance management and improvement standard in the administration of public schools in Asir Province ?" the study scale in its final form, consists of (40) items distributed among five dimensions (indicators of the institutional commitment of quality improvement, quality assurance operations indicators, quality assurance operations management indicators, , indicators of the use of indicators and benchmarks comparisons, indicators of independent verification of standards) the study tool applied on a sample of (129) female principals were selected randomly, the study showed that the indicator of institutional commitment with quality improvement ranked first, followed by a scope of quality assurance operations in the second rank, while the independent verification indicator ranked last, and arithmetic average estimates of the study sample members on indicators as a whole was (3.29), which corresponds to the practice standard to a moderate degree, according to the results, the research presented some recommendations.


Article
Palestinian refugees and displaced persons and the right to return under international legitimacy and the Palestinian-Israeli self-government agreement signed on September 13, 1993
قضية اللاجئين والنازحين الفلسطينيين وحق العودة في الشرعية الدولية واتفاق الحكم الذاتي الفلسطيني – الإسرائيلي الذي تم إبرامه في 13 أيلول عام 1993

المؤلفون: Allam Nabil Fadel Taher علام نبيل فضل الطاهر
الصفحات: 286-300
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الخلاصة

This study deals with the issue of the Palestinian refugees and displaced persons, which is one of the central issues that are directly related to the essence of the Palestinian-Israeli conflict because of its connection with issue of the right to return and land as well as the demographic balance between Palestinians and Israelis. The aim of this study was to highlight the impact of the issue of refugees and displaced persons on the future of peaceful settlement and to clarify the relationship, whether positive or negative, between the postponement of this issue in the autonomy agreement and the future of peaceful settlement. It also aimed to show the difference between the Palestinian and Israeli visions of what autonomy agreement is in dealing with this issue and its results on the future of peaceful settlement, and shed light upon the relationship between international resolutions and the autonomy agreement in this regard


Article
The Relationship between Successful Intelligence and School-Social Growth among Learning Disability Students in Aseer Area
الذكاء الناجح وعلاقتهُ بالنمو الاجتماعي المدرسي لدى طلبة ذوي صعوبات التعلم في منطقة عسير

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الخلاصة

This study aimed to explore the successful intelligence, school-social growth and the relation between them among learning disability students in Aseer area, two scales were used to achieve the objectives of the study: successful intelligence scale and school-social growth scale. Sample of the study consisted of (293) male and female students of learning disability who were chosen by stratified random method during the first academic semester 1438/1439H, by using means and correlation coefficients the results of the study showed significant and positive correlative relation between the successful intelligence and school-social growth among learning disability students, based on the results the study made several recommendations.


Article
Effect of typical city on the acquisition of traffic culture by first year middle school pupils in the city of Saida
أثر المدينة النموذجية على اكتساب الثقافة المرورية دراسة ميدانية بمتوسطة في مدينة سعيدة

المؤلفون: Ainou Abdellah عينو عبدالله --- Nassima Mokadem مقدم نسيمة
الصفحات: 318-327
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الخلاصة

In order to identify the effect of typical city on the acquisition of traffic culture by first year middle school pupils in the city of Saida, and relying on the semi-experimental approach for two groups, experimental and control, equally have 30 pupils each, achievement test and a game for a typical city with traffic signs has been designed. A “T” test has been used for differences observation.


Article
A Comparative Study of Liberalism in the Poetrylaia Eliya Abumazi and Mohammad Taghi Bahar
دراسة مقارنة للحرية في شعر إيليا أبي ماضي ومحمد تقي بهار

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الخلاصة

The association of cultures as a new and controversial subject in the context of comparative literature in several languages can be traced. The comparative study of liberation in the poems of Eliya Abumazi and Mohammad Taghi Bahar is one of the most striking subjects in this field of literature Eliya Abumazi and Malik al-Shira' Bahar are among the great poets of Lebanon and Iran in the two constitutional and political periods. Considering that the comparative study of the concept of freedom leads to the discovery and identification of new findings from the conjunction of literature with the political and social conditions of Iran and Arab countries، especially Lebanon، In this article، we began to discuss the concept in the poems of both poets and to discuss their differences and their contradictions.


Article
A stylistic structural study of the son of Sahl al-Andalusi (Do you know the fever)
دراسة بنیوية أسلوبية لموشح ابن سهل الأندلسي (هل درى ظبي الحمى)

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الخلاصة

Stylistics seeks to study the structural structure of poetry and analyze its structures that reveal its organization according to the levels of sound, structure and semantics Leading to excellence between the effects of writers in general and poets in particular. Ibrahim ibn Sahl al-Ashbili was one of the most prominent poets of Andalusia. He was born in the midst of an environment rich in science, culture, money and wealth. He lived in the time of the Almoravids coming from North Africa.


Article
Look at the lyrics Ibn Moataz
نظرة تحليلية على الغزل عند إبن¬ المعتز

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الخلاصة

The art of erotic a thin capillary of the arts, stems from a sense of careful, especially that the owner grew up in the court hesitate to Bondwoman’s and singers and grew up in an atmosphere full of music also abounds of love about innovation, we believe our friend grew up in such an atmosphere increased the paper spun smooth and do not see newer like effects in other Lyrical; that sophisticated in the types of Sonnet, Ghazal male and feminine alike, as he added to textile art called Third promiscuity and progress in it, and predominantly on the tracks spun and tends to the story and dialogue in his poetry and excelled in them; he may yarn walked the path and the old is that we find in the introduction to his poems also do pre-Islamic poet, however Abandoned cringe and immobilization on the ruins and the loved ones, but come the new manifestations of civilization such as the semi- Hair parotid to Grape clusters and her dress dove-colored ... and yarn and use it himself also see in spinning and Almjohny and Algelmany and followed by The large number of arrivals, this and that women with Was large of his time and easy to contact them for dear but hi were reach him and reached out and expensive here can we be spun Clean from the tyranny of sex and lust.


Article
A Stylistic Study of Sermon 132 of Nahj al-Balagha according to a Functional Approach
دراسة أسلوبية وظيفية لخطبة 132 في نهج البلاغة

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الخلاصة

This study aims at analyzing a sermon of Nahj al-Balagha with a stylistic approach. This study uses stylistic-related fields such as linguistics, literary criticism and recently discovered data of the mentioned fields in its process. Since Nahj al-Balagha is the word of Imam (peace be upon him) who is the most articulate and his words are those of great eminence and stature, there are plenty of stylistic features to be discovered. All this is most evident when we are approaching Nahg al-Balagha from a stylistic standpoint. An analysis that explores the text on different levels of phonological, inflectional, syntactic, rhetorical and mental details with meticulous attention to show how the author has managed to persuade his audience and lead them to the path of truth and righteousness in an elevated and dignified manner.


Article
A study of the symbols of poet Tamim Al-Barghouthi’s “Hadith Al-Kisa” ode
دراسةٌ رمزیةٌ لِقصیدة «نثر موزون وشعر منثور في حدیث الكساء ووحدة الأمّة للشّاعر تميم البرغوثيّ»

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الخلاصة

Using symbols is a literary technique to impress the recipient. It is clear that poets from ancient times until now have used symbols in their poems. First to be noticed is that there are meanings beyond these symbols that the researcher/reader should find them. Finding these meanings is not easy anyway. They will be found only after and through deep study of the poem. Second is the importance of symbolism among contemporary poets which will be clear if we pay attention to the high frequency of symbols they use to explain inward sentiments, political affairs, etc. This is also true when we look at palestinian poet Tamim Al-Barghouthi, the second figure of Arabic opposing/resistance literature. Al-Barghouthi forced himself to make poems and blank verses only to fight any enemy who wants to bring Islam’s sacredness into question in any way. Al-Barghouthi is rooted in Islamic culture’s earth and uses this heritage in his works. One of his influential works is a symbolic ode named “Hadith Al-Kisa” (the hadith of the cloak) which is full of human virtues and celebrates the greatness of Arabs and Muslims and invites them to brotherhood and to stick to Al-orwat-al-wothgha. Deep study of the symbols of this ode makes its core idea clear. It invites to unity and warns division and schism which all groups of Muslims are suffering from. This ode can be seen as a letter to governors who corrupt the earth. Last to say is about the method of this study; it is analytic-descriptive.


Article
Religious heritage intertextuality in the poetry of Deabel al- khozayi
مظاهر التناصّ الديني في شعر دعبل الخزاعي

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الخلاصة

Religious heritage was a resourceful inspiration for many poets and scholars all over the literary eras. Religious heritage has been the main cause of anew technical style in many verse and prose works. in spite of the fact that there are various implications and resources for R.H, it has been an inspiration source and semantic background for meanings and concepts of which poetry has received inspiration. This is what we witness in the analysis of Deabel,s poems, since it became crystal clear that the poet has been inspired immensely by R.H especially holy Quran and prophetic Hadith.


Article
Find out the roots of drinking alcohol and entertainment and the mysteries of the apostles «A History of Model Bihaghi»
معرفة جذور شرب الخمر واللهو والمجون في آثار المترسلین «تاريخ بيهقي أنموذجًا»

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الخلاصة

Many of the Quranic verses were forbidden to drink and entertainment in the Muslim community, But there is a puzzling and controversial question to us: why do Muslim and Muslim people in the Muslim world go out of sugar, entertainment, fun and enjoyment in their lives. In view of the effects of the elderly and the presence of drink in the most effects and aspects of their lives One can observe the presence of drink in ancient Iranian societies; In the book of the history of Bihaghi it seems necessary to reflect on this subject more precisely, Because Bihaghi was a Muslim and a believer and that the Ghaznawis were Muslim rulers and fanatics were under the rule and supervision of the Muslim caliphs. In this article we will study in depth and accurate the areas of entertainment and drinking wine in the Ghaznawi Caliphate according to the history of Bihaghi and explore and study the reasons for the departure of the Ghaznoyen kings to fun and madness and study the views and ideas of the author and writer Abbi Fadl Bihaghi.


Article
Characterization of Arabic Grammar - Critical Approach -
توصيف أحكام النحو العربي - مقاربة نقدية -

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الخلاصة

Description of the Arabic grammar judgments, -A critical vision- The alternation of grammatical judgments in the Arabic language tradition is one of the aspects that characterize the study of the Arabic language, from the efforts of Sîbawayh, Ibn-Ǧinni and El Radhi to the study of the modern grammar Grammatical judgments and their altFdernation are considered among the studies that have not really attracted the interest of researchers specialized in the modern period despite the abundance of references and ancient writings


Article
The Role of Inclusive Quality Criteria in Applying the Administrative Governance at Universities (Applicative Study on The Private Universities in Riyadh)
دور تطبيق معايير الجودة الشاملة في تحقيق الحوكمة الإدارية في الجامعات (دراسة تطبيقية على الجامعات الخاصة بالرياض)

المؤلفون: Sherif Awad Al - Kasr شريفه عوض الكسر
الصفحات: 417-430
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الخلاصة

The study aims at clarifying the concept of governing universities and measuring its validity to develop universities. The study also aimed at showing the relationship between applying the inclusive quality criteria and the effect of administrative governance. To achieve these goals, the researcher uses the descriptive methodology ; the tool of the study is distributed to the study population of university teachers and academic leaders at private universities. The study proved that governing private universities in Riyadh is too high (4.16). thus, the study rejects the assumption which says that there is no relationship between the inclusive quality criteria and the administrative governance


Article
The Degree of Job Satisfaction of Teachers of Public and Private Schools in Al- Qassim
درجة الرضا الوظيفي لمعلمي المدارس الحكومية والخاصة في منطقة القصيم

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الخلاصة

This study aimed to identify the degree of job satisfaction of teachers of public and private schools in Al- Qassim. The study sample consisted of (252) teachers of the public and private schools in Al-Qassim in Saudi Arabia, job satisfaction scale from Ahmad's preparation (2014) was used, which consisted of four fields: (motivations and rewards, work conditions, appreciation and respect, belonging to profession), and the results of this study indicated the following:


Article
The turbulence of the Turk in the blessed "believers" is an introduction and delay as a model
الانزیاح التركیبي في سورة «المؤمنون» المباركة التقدیم والتأخیر أنموذجاً

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الخلاصة

Delving into the Holy Quran and extracting its sublime meaning requires a multifaceted investigation. These hidden concepts and evidences which are revealed through the exalted expressions and embellished by eloquence techniques make it greatly impressive. One of these techniques is that of precedence and postposition which has been abundantly used in the Noble Book of Quran. So if we observe the Quranic chapters, specifically the long chapters and the subjects mentioned therein, we will realize the purposes behind precedence and its major reasons. In this behalf, this article seeks to pursue this subject in the holy chapter of “Al-Mu’minun” based on the behavioral approach. The results in this article indicate that magnifying a specific point or person, as well as adequateness, abundance, emphasis, restriction and assonance are the mostly used techniques in this noble chapter


Article
Architectural Impacts in Palestine during the First Abbasid Period (132-232 AH 750-847M) through historical and archaeological sources
الآثار المعمارية في فلسطين خلال العصر العباسي الأول (132-232هـ/750-847م) من خلال المصادر التاريخيّة والأثريّة

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الخلاصة

The aim of this research is to conduct a comprehensive documentary study of architecture in Palestine during the first Abbasid rule (132-232 / 750-847). The authors of this research depends on the collecting of the descriptive data and historical information of this study on many sources and references. In addition to fieldwork, which included taking dimensions of buildings and the designation of sites and buildings on the map of Palestine and the preparation of a table and taking photographs. As well as reading the founding inscriptions of the Dome of the Rock and the inscription of Al-Ramlah. In addition to study of the books of the Arabs and Muslims early such as: Baladri, Yacoubi, Shehab Al Maqdesi, Al tabari etc. And the most important reference the book of Creswell on early Islamic architecture. Finally, reports of archaeological excavations and their results were conducted at sites dating back to the time period of this research.


Article
The style of Bashar Bin Burd
أسلوبیة غزل بشار بن برد

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الخلاصة

The method is the man who knows every poet and writer to us whether this poet or writer is proficient in any subject of literature, especially if the subject in the spinning, which was issued by blind like Bashar ibn Bord, living in an environment full of singing and music influenced his literary achievement where we see He is the one who pours the flood of his pen in the poetry. He looks at the beautiful artistic photography, the analogy, the diagnosis and the poetic music inside and outside, and his resemblances are weak, repetitive, imitating the old and what he heard from them. As it was established in some subjects has never been the same in the history of Arabic poetry by such as the tail of the yarn by ruling or created letters of poetry, as close to the poetry of the common people became spinning modern markets and make it within the reach of everyone who likes to hear the conversations of girls and tried to Bashar's stylistic features are depicted on the basis of his poetry achievement and what he wrote about to facilitate the research difficulties.


Article
The style of Bashar Bin Burd
أسلوبیة غزل بشار بن برد

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الخلاصة

The method is the man who knows every poet and writer to us whether this poet or writer is proficient in any subject of literature, especially if the subject in the spinning, which was issued by blind like Bashar ibn Bord, living in an environment full of singing and music influenced his literary achievement where we see He is the one who pours the flood of his pen in the poetry. He looks at the beautiful artistic photography, the analogy, the diagnosis and the poetic music inside and outside, and his resemblances are weak, repetitive, imitating the old and what he heard from them. As it was established in some subjects has never been the same in the history of Arabic poetry by such as the tail of the yarn by ruling or created letters of poetry, as close to the poetry of the common people became spinning modern markets and make it within the reach of everyone who likes to hear the conversations of girls and tried to Bashar's stylistic features are depicted on the basis of his poetry achievement and what he wrote about to facilitate the research difficulties.


Article
Feminist criticism in Abdollah Alghzamy STUDY
الغزل، الأسلوب، بشار بن برد، الصور الفنیة

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الخلاصة

Saudi writer seems to work, and a leading "cultural criticism" in the Arab critical discourse a living example of the feminist critique.Abdollah Alghzamy is the pioneers of "cultural criticism" in the Arab critical discourse,This cultural discourse that is exceeded texts linguistic creativity, To address other aspects of cultural exchange. Alghzamy went in his last years to the study of the Arab cultural formats. He also singled out the women of extensive studies. Women have formed the focus of critical discourse Alghzamy since sin and altafkir. Alghzamy has instructed the mysteries of creativity to it. Or perhaps chose the cash material to suit the intentions and purposes. Alghzamy trying to prove his theory that the man had taken on the language and so dominated by reminding them that he had Mgosaia feminine ones.


Article
Feminist criticism in Abdollah Alghzamy STUDY
دراسة النقد النسوي عند عبدالله الغذامي

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الخلاصة

Saudi writer seems to work, and a leading "cultural criticism" in the Arab critical discourse a living example of the feminist critique.Abdollah Alghzamy is the pioneers of "cultural criticism" in the Arab critical discourse,This cultural discourse that is exceeded texts linguistic creativity, To address other aspects of cultural exchange. Alghzamy went in his last years to the study of the Arab cultural formats. He also singled out the women of extensive studies. Women have formed the focus of critical discourse Alghzamy since sin and altafkir. Alghzamy has instructed the mysteries of creativity to it. Or perhaps chose the cash material to suit the intentions and purposes. Alghzamy trying to prove his theory that the man had taken on the language and so dominated by reminding them that he had Mgosaia feminine ones. In this study, and through this brief vision we are trying to highlight the approach of feminist criticism when Abdullah Alghzamy by clerks that remind them: "Women and Language," "feminization of the poem and the reader is different," "cultural exchange", "writing against writing". This literature, which is in the eyes of the critics add value significant importance in the field of the Arab Monetary. Not to mention that Alghzamy is the first to adopt the concept of cultural criticism in general and feminist criticism private.


Article
The relationship between the ability to solve problems and the aggressive behavior of a sample of adolescents at risk
علاقة القدرة على حل المشكلات بالسلوك العدواني لدى عينة من المراهقين المعرضين للخطر

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الخلاصة

The present study aimed to uncover the relationship between the ability to solve problems and the aggressive behavior of a sample of adolescents at risk, in addition to identifying differences in problem solving ability and aggressive behavior in the sample by age and sex variables. The study sample consisted of (57) adolescents between the ages of 12 and 18 years in specialized protection centers. The study included the construction of two instruments for measuring and controlling their psychometric properties the study found that there is a statistically an inverse relationship between the ability to solve problems and aggressive behavior in the sample. There are no statistically significant differences in the ability to solve the problems due to gender and age variables. Statistically in the aggressive behavior attributed to the age variable and the existence of statistically significant differences in aggressive behavior attributed to gender variable in favor of females


Article
The relationship between the ability to solve problems and the aggressive behavior of a sample of adolescents at risk
علاقة القدرة على حل المشكلات بالسلوك العدواني لدى عينة من المراهقين المعرضين للخطر

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الخلاصة

The present study aimed to uncover the relationship between the ability to solve problems and the aggressive behavior of a sample of adolescents at risk, in addition to identifying differences in problem solving ability and aggressive behavior in the sample by age and sex variables. The study sample consisted of (57) adolescents between the ages of 12 and 18 years in specialized protection centers. The study included the construction of two instruments for measuring and controlling their psychometric properties the study found that there is a statistically an inverse relationship between the ability to solve problems and aggressive behavior in the sample. There are no statistically significant differences in the ability to solve the problems due to gender and age variables. Statistically in the aggressive behavior attributed to the age variable and the existence of statistically significant differences in aggressive behavior attributed to gender variable in favor of females.


Article
Phonetic patterns and their effect on the clarity of significance in the poetry of the description of the Bahtri
الأنساق الصوتية وأثرها في وضوح الدلالة في شعر الوصف عند البحتري

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الخلاصة

The study aimed to identify the phonemic modes and its various characteristics in description of Al-Buhtry poetry through studying its inner system of phonemic modes which formulates the relationship between the elements of text phonemic structure. The study aimed to recognize the possibility of text basic structure of Al-Buhtry through phonemic modes which formulates one of its linguistic, efficient and connected structures between them through discovering the role of phonemic modes in showing the value of words functional denotation which is connected with phone and the linguistic phoneme and its functional performance in the context of its distinguish elements and its various difference.


Article
A study on the causes and methods of transport
انتقال المهن والصناعات الإيرانية إلی العراق في العصر العباسي (دراسة في أسباب وطُرق النقل)

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الخلاصة

The Abbasid state expanded since the beginning of its succession and welcomed the Persian element of government administration, so the Persians had a wide and active presence in Iraq, leaving a profound impact on various levels. This influence was not limited to the taking of the diocesan experiments and administrative formations of the Persians, but included many occupations and occupations permitted by the Islamic religion. After the Abbasid government took Baghdad as its capital, Iraq was markedly influenced by the cultural and civilizational spheres of Persia, and the Iranian arts and professions such as writing, knitting, sewing, cookery, industry and so on.


Article
Ecstatic saying and mystical ecstatic sayings
الشطح وباثولوجيا الشطحيات في العرفان الاسلامي

المؤلفون: Yusef Moghaddasi يوسف مقدسي
الصفحات: 548-556
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الخلاصة

What makes the mystic to utter ecstatic saying, on what journey the seeker will be affected by ecstatic sayings? Can you come up with such nonsense without being blamed for blasphemy, what do mystical scholars think about this? The current paper addresses the questions that concern the mind of the scholar of mysticism. There are few sources to provide the true readers with answers on the questions on ecstatic sayings. Therefore, the current paper aims at helping the learners and the mystical scholars. This is a descriptive study based on first –hand mystical library sources with the objective to answer all the fundamental questions of the topic “ecstatic saying” from the point of view of the mystics. Thus, the current paper reviewed and analyzed the points made all efforts to categorize and analyze the available discussions


Article
Al-Jawaheri and the fight against Zionism before the loss of Palestine
الجواهري ومكافحة الصهيونية قبل ضياع فلسطين

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الخلاصة

Modern Arabic poetry has not been away from the Palestine Case during the recent decades. Poets and scholars tried their best to record their stand in order to retain the vain munificence of these people. Some poets played a significant role to encounter the Zionists danger in the region. One of them is the Iraqi poet Mohammad Mehdi Al jawaheri. The article concludes Javaheri used the poem language to warn against a dangerous plot against Palestine, which was on the verge of repeating the Andalusia defeat for other Arab countries. Javaheri encouraged Palestinian youth, as well as Arab countries to use force to fight the aggressors and take back the occupied territories of the Palestine. The acclaimed poet also disclosed the betrayals by the Arab leaders and held them responsible for the defeats and setbacks facing the people of their countries. He rebuked submissive policies suggesting the normalizations of relations or to adopt to the current situation.


Article
The Impact of a Expression tree strategy to develop Written expression skills
أثر إستراتيجية شجرة التعبير في تنمية مهارات التعبير الكتابي ومفهوم الثقة بالنفس لدى عينة من الطلبة ذوي صعوبات التعلم

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الخلاصة

The study aimed to design a strategy and identify its impact on the development of written expression skills and the concept of self-confidence in students with learning disabilities in Asir. The sample consisted of (16) students. They were divided into two groups: the control group (8), and the experimental group (8). That was because the quasi-experimental methodology was adopted in the study. The researcher prepared two scales: one for Written expression skills and another for the concept of self-confidence through a review of the relevant literature and previous studies, and consulting the experts in Special Education and educational measurement. Validity and reliability of the scales were ensured. In addition, the researcher prepared a suggested strategy for developing the Written expression and concept of self-confidence for learning disabled students in the light of the needs of these students and their stage of age.


Article
Intellectual and cultural transformations in Arab societies (Algeria)
تحولات فكرية وثقافية في المجتمعات العربية (حالة الجزائر(

المؤلفون: Dridish Helmy دريدش حلمي
الصفحات: 588-595
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الخلاصة

The society around us knows intellectual and cultural transformations and continuous changes ,interests ,feelings ,customs and social relationships positively and negatively. So, the org anization which remains the same without taking into account the intellectual and cultural transformations that occur around it,will be doomed to demise. And if that organization does not comply with the society and the environment in which it is located so, they will refuse its products which will develop to the rejection of the organization itself ,this means its end. The organization adopts to this change through the practice of the organization development


Article
Intellectual and cultural transformations in Arab societies (Algeria)
تحولات فكرية وثقافية في المجتمعات العربية (حالة الجزائر(

المؤلفون: Dridish Helmy دريدش حلمي
الصفحات: 588-595
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الخلاصة

The society around us knows intellectual and cultural transformations and continuous changes ,interests ,feelings ,customs and social relationships positively and negatively. So, the org anization which remains the same without taking into account the intellectual and cultural transformations that occur around it,will be doomed to demise. And if that organization does not comply with the society and the environment in which it is located so, they will refuse its products which will develop to the rejection of the organization itself ,this means its end. The organization adopts to this change through the practice of the organization development


Article
Other than the original in the conscience of the absent; its purposes and issues
خِلافُ الأَصْلِ في ضَميرِ الغائِبِ؛ أَغْراضُهُ وَمَسائِلُهُ

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الخلاصة

The second question dealt with the questions that contradict the conscience of the absent person. It was the ninth: syntax, movement, and pronouns. , Return, communication, separation, deletion, news, conscience action.


Article
The Purposes and usages of Al-Taknyah among Arabs
التكنية عند العرب، أغراضها ومواضعها

المؤلفون: Ali Akbar Forati علي أكبر فراتي
الصفحات: 614-630
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الخلاصة

The Al-Taknyah and Al-kunya (nickname or assumed name) are the cultural and linguistic phenomena that characterizes Arabs among other nationalities. al-kunya influences different aspects of Arab life and is used for human, animal, plant, inanimate and meanings. It is not surprising that this phenomenon is so old that its origin is under arguments. The origin of its appearance is similar to legends and perhaps contradicted. Whatever their origin, it is one of the characters of Arabs which Islam has kept and oriented it as they are rooted in the depth of Arab culture and expanded and exceeded its subject further than human and included all parts of life and the periphery of the universe.


Article
Verbal participation and its impact on the interpretation of Islamic texts
الاشتراك اللفظي وأثره في تفسير النصوص الشرعية

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الخلاصة

This study aimed at clarifying the foundations laid down in the jurisprudence to regulate the rules of interpretation in Islamic Law, through the discussion of the participation and it's occurrence language, legitimacy, governance, and the impact of verbal participation in the interpretation of the texts of the legitimacy of the jurisprudents and jurist with some provisions relating to participation in both sides of worship and transactions.


Article
Ascetic Poems of Abū al-ʿAtāhiyyah and sharaf aldin, Comparative Analysis
زهديات أبي العتاهية وشرف الدين الأنصاري دراسة مقارنة

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الخلاصة

The poetry of asceticism, including religious preaching and moral judgment, has a significant influence in guiding Islamic and Qur'anic values, especially since this type of poetry is derived from the Holy Quran and Islamic sources. Psychological and social factors have a prominent influence in the singing of the Zahadiyat, where the poet Abu Altaahah because of his psychological situation and social conditions in the Abbasid era, his shrines and opening a special door in the Arabic literature and make it an independent art exists. In the Ottoman era, a poet appeared as an Assyrian monotheist, and as a result of the prevalence of moral decay and the great sedition, he made some of his poems in the flowers. This study has taken a comparative analytical approach and touched on the most important topics and characteristics in the fatwas of Abu al-Ataheya and Sharaf al-Din al-Ansari.


Article
THE EFFECT OF ACTIVE LEARNING STRATEGIES IN AND THE POSITIVE THINKING, FOR THE EARLY ADOLESCENCE STUDENTS STAGE INAMMAN AREA
أثر إستراتيجيات التعلّم النّشط في التفكير الإيجابي لدى طلبة الصّف السّابع في منطقة عمّان

المؤلفون: Manal Hasan Ramdan منال حسن رمضان
الصفحات: 665-678
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الخلاصة

This study aimed at developing the active learning program for building the personality and measuring its effectiveness in developing the positive thinking, and of the sevenths grade students in Amman area. The researcher has applied random sampling approach. The study sample consisted of students of seventh grade from Itehad Schools in Arjan area- Amman governorate. The sample consisted of (70) male and female students, and it was divided into two groups: a control group and an experimental group distributed as follows:


Article
Pre-Islamic Poetry: the Oral Poetizing and the Foundation of Writing
الشعر الجاهلي بين النظم الشفويّ وتأصيل الكتابة

المؤلفون: Mazker Naceer Al Kahtany مذكر ناصر القحطاني
الصفحات: 679-690
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الخلاصة

This study focuses on a basic idea: Pre-Islamic poetry paved the way to writing, although all Arabic archives and references agreed that the writing process was completed in the second century of Hijri. In this Project, we tried to rely on manuscripts that traced the origin of writing. We explained - after inspecting the studies of Nassir El din El Assad in Pre-Islamic Poetry - that verbal poetry represented an introduction and a rooting awareness for writing. Therefore, the Pre-Islamic poetry is driven away from the scope of the verbal to writing attempts, though primitive.


Article
The Initial structure: Al-Asmai as a Model
البنية الاستهلالية - الأصمعي نموذجًا

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الخلاصة

This research (the Initial Structure: Al-Asmai as a Model) aims at illustrating the concept of poetic initiation, its rhetorical scope, its patterns, and its technical structures; and this will be carried out through the application on a selection of the poetry of Al-Asmai in his collected poems ( Divan Asmayat). To achieve this, the researcher used descriptive, analytical, and historical methods. And the research reached a series of results; most important: the opening patterns in the Asmaites were represented in the visual poetic style that resembles the visual sensory image, the dramatic poetic style which was represented in the poets' use of the technique of dialogue and away from the direct and rhetorical styles, and the narrative poetic style, which represented the poet's role in the narration of narrator and the use of some narrative techniques such as retrieval technique. As for the opening artistic structures, it consisted of three structures: the Tasree' and the Takfeiaha, which played a significant role on the levels of music and significance, and the introductory retrieval which represented the repetition of poetic refrain and its musical and semantic effect, and the introductory paronomasia and its impact on significance and music.


Article
The work concept of the university professor
مفهوم العمل لدى الأستاذة الجامعية

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الخلاصة

The present study aimed at uncovering the components of the work concept of the university professor and studying the differences according to the social situation and the scientific specialization. The study followed the descriptive method and after confirming the psychometric indications of the scale for this purpose applied to a simple random sample of (50) , And the study revealed that the concept of multidimensional work, as there were no differences depending on the social situation, while there were differences in some components of the concept of work according to the scientific specialization of professors and the study recommended the need to promote positive concepts in order to establish them as traditions in the work.


Article
Professions in the Nabatean Kingdom From the first century BC to the second century AD
المهن في مملكة الأنباط من القرن الأول ق.م إلى القرن الثاني الميلادي "الحجر أنموذجاً"

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الخلاصة

Professions and crafts during the 1st century B.C “Al-Hajar as model” This research presents analytical critic study of 263 inscriptions in Al-Hajar area. The research deals with 109 inscriptions which refer to professions and crafts during the 1st century B.C until the beginning of the 2nd century. The oldest inscription in this area is back to the 1st century B.C. The newest one is related to 75 AD. This period was a prosperous era witnessed by the Napataean Kingdom, under the reign of Al-Hareth 87-62 BC especially in the urban and economic areas. Professions were of a great importance in the Napataean Kingdom.

الكلمات الدلالية

Professions --- Crafts --- Al-Hajar --- Inscription --- Arabia --- Napataeans --- industries --- مهن، الأنباط، الحجر.


Article
Parting and Nostalgia in Maa'ruf Arrosafi poetry
الحنين والغربة في شعر معروف الرصافي

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الخلاصة

Among the poets Arrosafi of the grounds of his home country, came to Iraq to Syria. But always meeting nostalgia and enthusiasm in his beloved homeland and the land remained alive and in this sense he was forced to compose poems in this issue, so that poetry poet poem is filled with such. In this paper, we try Parting of nostalgia and excitement to the place of departure and the nostalgia that comes from a sense of patriotism is parting and parting and ignoring the plight of the poet's literary and scientific status of the rulers and the people of the times, and ascetic view and departure and roving spirit that because the poet is born, we will examine the poetry of Arrosafi


Article
The Proof Of Civil Liability Of The Government Concerning Court Judicial Decisions By Criticizing And Analyzing The Arguments Of The Proponents And Opponents

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الخلاصة

In Iran, like many other countries, the civil responsibility of the state and the national institutions is an accepted principle, and the possibility of the petitioning of the people from the government, particularly from judges and the judiciary is expressly stipulated in Articles 171 and 173 of the Constitution, and Article 167 of the Constitution, also in the last clause of Article 11 of Civil responsibility Law and Articles 255 to 260 of the Penal Procedure Code. Therefore, the civil responsibility of a state in judicial decisions is a requirement of the state to compensate a person who has suffered damage as a result of the wrongful act of wrongdoing or the error and mistake of the judiciary or its employees are attributable to the government or the government's illegal act Or the government's duty to pay damages as prescribed by law, so taking such responsibility for the state is a logical consequence of the rule of law and justice. In this paper, we are to describe the civil responsibility of the state using the descriptive method of the survey and comparative and sometimes descriptive methods of causal comparison with legal arguments against the losses caused by judicial decisions.


Article
Effect of repetition in the centrality of the Qur'anic word
أَثرُ التَّكرار في محوريةِ الكلمةِ القرآنيةِ دراسة دلالية تحليلية

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الخلاصة

In this search We ate repeat the one-root word in two places, or more of the same Koranic text This repetition was not arbitrary But its repetition gave a clear indication of its centrality, The refined word will be the focus of the other words Which are related to them within the text, and the study method is based on the deep moral dimension To be revealed from the indication of repetition of the word.


Article
The repetition in poetry of the poets of the second Hijri century in Andulusi study The author
التكرار في شعر شعراء القرن الثاني الهجري في الاندلس دراسة دلالية

المؤلفون: Nada Askar Mahmood ندى عسكر محمود
الصفحات: 792-801
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الخلاصة

The repetition in poetry of the poets of the second Hijri century in Andulusi Atter this march of effort and research in the style and types of repetition in the poetry of the second century Andalusian poets, it became clear to us the adoption of Andalusian poets and Andalusian poets, the method of repetition means to express and vent their feeling and confirm the meaning they call him and care and attention to it, and thus have varied methods of repetition they have not been a repetition of the literal, and it was not a repetition of the verbal, and the last repetition of the word and what corresponds to the letters and consciences, through which the poets of Andalusia during that period about real experiences and sincere worship And longing and nostalgia in the language of poetic stems consistent between thought and feeling and imagination, Achieving harmony and rhythm beautiful and influential.


Article
Criticism of the narrative in the completed Baqer Jasim Mohammed
نقد السردية في منجز باقر جاسم محمد

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الخلاصة

This research dealt with the study of (point and time) in the achievement of researcher Baqir Jassim to know how the critic dealt with these two statements because they form a phenomenon in the achievement of the critic and the extent of his commitment to the theories of modern criticism and knowledge of whether he complied with the concepts of a particular curriculum, The issue of curriculum is one of the most important issues of modern criticism.


Article
Non-Existent and Existent in Arabic grammar (Study in the origin of the term)
المعدوم والموجود في النحو العربي (دراسة في تأصيل المصطلح)

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الخلاصة

Modern studies have not looked both the not existent and existent in Arabic grammar, although they are concepts that came to some of the late grammarians, Who referred to them as a hidden party, and had no presence in the grammatical boundaries old and modern. The grammarians are no longer the non-existent and existent terms are original grammar, because they are terms used by fundamentalists and people of speech and then infiltrated into grammatical studies. This research came to highlight these two terms in the grammarians. It has been repeated the two terms in late grammarians, and we found that they had been come in limited places that we tried to collect their diasporas


Article
The frequency of readings between negation and proof and the effect on belief
تواتر القراءات بين النفي والإثبات وأثر ذلك على العقيدة

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الخلاصة

This research seeks to explain the effects of saying the frequency of readings and lack of faith, as it is known that there is a team of scientists recognize the frequency and sanctifies the purpose of holiness and prepared by the arrest of God Almighty. And another team prepared by increases encouraged by the readers themselves and have nothing to do with the origin of the Koran not close or far away, so found research under this discrepancy in the opinion of the effects of each side of the other, the research sought to highlight the impact and tabulation by extending the words of the most important scientists in it.

الكلمات الدلالية

Frequency --- readings --- belief. --- التواتر --- القراءات --- العقيدة.


Article
The impact of critical reading strategy on the achievement of students in the fourth grade scientific literature and texts
أثر استراتيجية القراءة الناقدة في تحصيل طلاب الصف الرابع العلمي في مادة الأدب والنصوص

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الخلاصة

The present research aims to identify the impact of critical reading strategy on the achievement of fourth grade students in literature and texts. To achieve this goal, the researcher adopted a experimental design in the field of experimental designs with partial control and a final test for the two research groups, one experimental and the other control. And chose randomly (Jawahiri junior boys) in the center of Diwaniyah province to be the sample of the research, and in the same way chose Division A to represent the control group of the number of students (36) students, and Division B to represent the experimental group of the number of students (36) students.


Article
Personal Characteristics and their Implications in Children's Drawings
الخصائص الشخصية وانعكاساتها في رسوم الأطفال

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الخلاصة

The study focused on the study of "Personal Characteristics and their Implications in Children's Drawings" and was divided into four chapters. The first included the methodology of the research. It included a definition of its problem, importance and need. The purpose of the research is to identify Personal Characteristics and their Implications for Children's Drawings and limits (2016-2017) , And the second is related to the theoretical framework and the previous studies. The third was the research procedures, which consisted of the research society and its sample, which was deliberately selected by 15 models of government kindergartens. The researcher adopted the descriptive approach in the method of content analysis, research tool, The tool has stability, wa The results of which are: The child's personality can be read through the types of lines used in drawing, because it expresses the dimension Psychological self-child. The chapter also contains recommendations, proposals and a list of sources and annexes.


Article
The Effect Guided Writing Strategy on development the Creative Writing Skills of Second in termed
أثر استراتيجيّة التعبير الموجّه في تنمية مهارات الكتابة الإبداعيّة لدى طلبة الصف الثاني المتوسط

المؤلفون: . Jihad Ammar Maktouf جهاد عمار مكطوف
الصفحات: 885-902
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الخلاصة

This study aimed at recognizing (the Effect Guided Writing Strategy on development the Creative Writing Skills of Second in termed). In order to achieve the study purposes, the researcher used semi-experimental method which depends on designing both experimental and controlled groups. So, he prepared for that a number of research instruments and materials that represented in preparing a list of creative writing skills and their behavioral signs, and an achievement test to measure creative writing skills (targeted for developing), also, preparing teacher book to teach the strategy of guided expression. After the researcher ensured the reliability of the study materials and instruments, and measured their validity, he started to apply them on the study sample which was chosen intentionally, and which consisted of (86) male and female students of the Second intermediate in AL-Nakheel Secondary School that is fart of the general directorate of Babylon education, It is distributed on two groups one is experimental and the other is restricted. And after the end after the ending of applying period, and conducting the post test, the researcher used a set of statistical treatments in order to reach into the study findings, so the findings showed that there were statistical differences at the level (  0.05) in improving creative writing skills as whole according to sex variable and in favor of females. In light of the study findings, the researcher recommended with the importance of using guided writing strategy in improving creative writing skills


Article
The Beginning, Release, and Rermination (Shihab AL- deen Al Halabi) ( date 725h.) vision rhetorical critical
الابتداء والتخلص والانتهاء في كتاب حسن التوسل الى صناعة الترسل لشهاب الدين الحلبي (725هـ) رؤية نقدية بلاغية

المؤلفون: Alaa Ahmed Hasan Hassan AL- Obeidy الاء أحمد حسن
الصفحات: 903-914
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الخلاصة

The Arabic has been distinguished throw a lot of other languages, by tho abundance of eloquence styles, its accuracy, the clarity of its indications, and the variety of expression made. The research paid special attention to one of the critic arts which was formed from both the basis of prose and poetry equally that is: (the beginning, release, and termination). These arts are featured as being related strongly to each other, to a degree they seem to be interrelated, and if one of them separated, might cause a defect, an error, or a shortage in speech leading to missing the meaning. This functional relations among these arts is a main reason for studying it collectively. We can say that the release and the terse represent two opposed lines semantically and formally, the first one is the begging and the last one is the termination.


Article
Islamic Republic of Iran in 1979-1987 (Emergence and political development)
الحزب الجمهوري الاسلامي في ايـران 1979-1987 (النشأة والتطور السياسي)

المؤلفون: And Dad Jaber Ghazi وداد جابر غازي
الصفحات: 915-923
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الخلاصة

The first period of the history of the Islamic Republic of Iran, classified by one of the researchers as part of the traditional Islamic revolutionary ideology, was characterized by the dominance of Mr. Khomeini's personality over the political system and the strengthening of the constitutional state institutions on the one hand and the establishment of the institutions mentioned in the constitution, It supported the regime (revolutionary courts, revolutionary committees, official military institutions and the Revolutionary Guard), which became equal to and even more important than the official military establishment. Among these unconstitutional institutions was the Islamic Republican Party, The regime's tool to control the fundamental life of Iran, and to stand up against other currents and parties, is inevitably described by some researchers as a "one-party" or "humiliating party".

الكلمات الدلالية

Party --- Republican --- Islamic --- Iran. --- حزب، جمهوري، اسلامي، ايـران.


Article
The Poem is self – read in a poem of distress to the poet Mohamed Ezzat calligrapher
القصيدة السير ذاتية قراءة في قصيدة ((استغاثة)) للشاعر محمد عزت خطاط

المؤلفون: Reem Mohammed Tayeb Al Haffoudhi ريم محمد طيب حفوظي
الصفحات: 924-031
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الخلاصة

The poem belongs to the field of art overlapping between the art of poetry and the art of autobiography. The art of autobiography is the closest of other arts to the spirit of the writer. It is the most hot and incandescent region. "Nothing is more important to the writer than his experiences" , Because of the power of their overlap in the formulation and direction of his character, as well as his serious contribution in pushing him towards the professionalism of a particular art that can draw on the richness of these experiences and their spaces in the best way, as it transcends the abstract expression neutralizing the experiences to self-introspection and show their layers are " According to Montaigne, this perception depends on the photographer's brilliance and his skill and intelligence in electing As if he were a talented writer to make his life a work of art, and to do so successfully finds that his material even when (3), as it is suitable for further writing, provided that the ability of writing, good choice and accuracy of the angle through which to increase the story biography of the focal points of self-documentary to the level of art more aspiring and appropriate.


Article
The poetic picture in the poem (there is at the edge of the songs) of Musa Hawamdah
الصورة الشعرية في قصيدة (هناك عند حافة الأغاني – لموسى حوامدة)

المؤلفون: Faten Ghanem fathe فاتن غانم فتحي
الصفحات: 932-938
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الخلاصة

The poetic picture in the poem (there is at the edge of the songs) of Musa Hawamdah. The importance of the research is based on the poetic image in the poem there at the edge of the songs for Musa Hawamdah that the picture comes as a major element in the formation of the modern poem and its poetry. The reason for our choice of poet Musa Hawamdeh is due to the poet's importance and poetry. A well-known Palestinian, whose poetry is characterized by his poetic poetic language, and the image of the artist who expresses the reality of his occupied homeland and his feelings about this painful reality.


Article
Economic reform and its dimensions in social change Sociological perspective of the theory of economics and change
الإصلاح الاقتصادي وأبعاده في التغير الاجتماعي منظور سوسيولوجي لنظرية الاقتصاد والتغير

المؤلفون: Alia Ahmed Jassim علياء احمد جاسم
الصفحات: 939-946
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الخلاصة

The economy is the lifeblood and economic reform extends its dimensions to the social and demographic aspects of society. It also limits many economic and social problems through the formulation of policies and plans that lead to the development of the society and move it from one state to another and achieve social change. Perhaps one of the most important theories that She stressed the role of the economy in social change is the economic theory, which was pioneered by Karl Marx, and as Iraq passes through the circumstances of the crisis in its economy was to be commended for the importance of economic reform that will unite and alleviate the problems suffered by the Iraqi society.


Article
The reality of the availability and use of modern teaching aids to teach art education at the Amal Institute for Deaf and Mute
واقع توافر واستعمال الوسائل التعليمية الحديثة لتعليم مادة التربية الفنية في معهد الأمل للصم والبكم

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الخلاصة

The researcher studied the most important modern technological means available and the degree of use by the teacher of art education as educational aids for students with hearing disabilities at the Institute of Hope for the deaf and dumb in Babylon and the most prominent difficulties faced by the teacher of art education in their use, where revealed the reality of the availability of technological means that can be invested positively to activate the situation The aim of the research was to uncover the availability and use of modern hearing aids for students with a hearing impairment and the most important difficulties facing the teacher of art education at the Amal Institute for Deaf and Mute for the academic year 2016 -2017. The research community includes the teaching staff of the Amal Institute for the Deaf and Mute (23) (21) teacher, trainer and researcher The researcher used tools such as observation, interviewing and questionnaire, and used the method of content analysis for the questionnaire and descriptive analytical approach to the interview and the observation came out with results. The most important was the lack of modern educational means for the disabled student in the Institute of Deaf and Mute(4%). In the Institute of Hope for the deaf and dumb in the province of Babylon, and the researcher suggested several suggestions and recommendations.


Article
Binoculars of Spatial Structure in Jabir Khalifa Jabir Stories A Structural Approach
الثنائيات الضدية للبنية المكانية في قصص جابر خليفة جابر مقاربة بنيوية

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الخلاصة

Different Bilinguals for place structure in Jabir Khalifa Jabir Short Stories a Structural Study This study aim to search different bilinguals for place structural in Jabir Khalifa Jabir short stories depending the structural approach in analyzing the stories. This study aims to find the place structure because diodes are an important aspect of the structural analysis of discourse criticism; they lead to the detection of the governing structure of the text.We then observed the operation of the spatial structure and confined ourselves to the analysis of the constellation.


Article
Medium and large-scale construction industries and their role in the operation manpower in Babel governorate for the period (2014-2016)
الصناعات الانشائية المتوسطة والكبيرة الحجم ودورها في تشغيل الايدي العاملة بمحافظة بابل للمدة (2014-2016)

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الخلاصة

The medium and large-scale industrial construction enterprises have become the dominant force in developed countries and developing countries because they contribute to economic growth, job creation, improved living standards and urban development. "This sector contributes to improving the income of the individual and creating jobs. It is worth mentioning the need to link other industrial activities. This study includes the main problem of study, hypothesis, time and spatial constraints of the study which includes dimension The spatial location of the province of Babel, between the two circles (-23.6 -33.82), north-west of Qatil (-43.57 km - 45.12 km) east, which is divided administratively into (16) administrative units, with an area of (5119) Km 2, and within The second study dealt with the status of the medium and large construction industries in Babel Governorate in 2014. The third topic highlighted the role of the medium and large construction industries in Babel governorate according to the relative importance and distribution. Spatial and most of these facilities exist In the city of Hilla because of the availability of most of the necessary supplies of transport facilities, water, land, raw materials and labor. The most important research proposals are the establishment of procedures for the development of these industrial facilities, investors, rehabilitation and training of workers.


Article
Structure of Place in the Stories “ The Temple Guardians” by Hassan Obaid Essa
بِنية المكان في قصص (حرّاس المعبد) لحسن عبيد عيسى

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الخلاصة

This study aims at searching the structure of place in the short stories “The Temple Guardians” for Hassan Obaid Essa a structural study. This is because the place structure is an important part of the literary work. This paper discusses the meaning of the structure and place and types of place structure as presented in opposite bilinguals in the short stories under study.

الكلمات الدلالية

Structure --- place --- story --- opposite bilinguals --- بنية --- مكان --- قصة --- ثنائيات متضادة


Article
The extent to which listening skills are acquired by primary school pupils
مدى اكتساب مهارات الاستماع لدى تلميذات المرحلة الابتدائية

المؤلفون: Zeina Abdel Amir Hassan زينة عبد الأمير حسن
الصفحات: 1005-1028
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الخلاصة

The research aims to: 1. Identify the listening skills to be acquired for primary school students. 2. Knowing the extent to which the students acquire the basic stage of listening skills. To achieve the objective, the following zero hypothesis was formulated: There were no statistically significant differences at (0.05) between the average scores of students in the extent of their listening skills, according to the sixth stage variable. The current search is determined by: Sixth –stage primary school students in the primary schools/ morning study, that are related to the General Directorate for the Education / Rasafa/1 in Baghdad, for the academic year (20016-20017). Sakina Bent Al Hussein Primary School for Girls. Listening skills required for sixth- stage students


Article
The effect of phonetic for motion in winning the origin of some speeches (Opening words) phonetic formation (the mixture of sound in for motion words the inflectional rhythm knowing the plus and minus in letters and preceding and lasting
أثرُ التَّشكيلِ الصَّوتيِّ في تَرجيح التعليل الصرفيّ التَّشكيل الصوتيّ: (تعالق الأصوات لتركيب كلمة)، التعليل الصرفيِّ: (التماس علّة مناسبة للحكم الصرفيّ)

المؤلفون: Godia Jar Allh كاطع جار الله --- Kadim Ajeel كاظم عجيل
الصفحات: 1029-1042
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الخلاصة

The old interpreters differed in the origin of some speeches and this difference belongs to their differing in the cultural analytic sight in language towards these speeches. This research adapted these opinions and tried to reach to the opinion which is near to truth.And these opinions went with the results of language that the modern phonetic lesson was achieved while others opinions were so far.


Article
Place structure in the stories of “The House of Dust” Ali Abbas Khfaif
بنية المكان في قصص منزل الغبار للقاص علي عباس خفيف.

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الخلاصة

The place is a basic structure in the shear process. If time is the line of events, the place appears on this line and accompanies and surrounds it. There is no cut without place. Hence the importance of the title (structure of the place in the dust house stories) as the frame in which the stories move. The research has systematically adopted the structural approach, especially the binoculars, because they have a role in producing semantics. The research may be three axes. In the first axis, we discussed the concept of place and its importance in narrative studies. Specialized closed closed binary.

الكلمات الدلالية

Description --- place --- structure --- سرد، بنيوية، مكان.


Article
POSITIONAL CONTRAST AND NEUTRALIZATION OF VOICING IN CLASSICAL ARABIC
التضاد والتحييد اللفضي الموقعى فى اللغة العربية

المؤلفون: Kareem Ashoush Mahdi كريم عشعوش مهدي
الصفحات: 1050-1058
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الخلاصة

Arabic consonant segments are distributed in accordance with the phonetic and phonemic environments. Different phonetic environments creat different perceptual or voicing cues. There are seven voicing cues to voicing asymmetry in plosives: closure voicing, closure duration, duration of preceding sonorant,values of the first formant frequency (F1) in the preceding vowel, burst duration and amplitude, voicing onset time (VOT), and values of fundamental frequency (Fo) as well as (F1) values at the onset voicing (Steriade, 1997) otherwise voicing is neutralized. Different phonemic environments refer to the different positions that the segments occupy in the syllable constituent of prosodic structure such as intrasyllabic segments (onset-coda) or adjacent intersyllabic ones (coda-onset) and each phonological position is subject to the licencing principles (Kaye, 1990). In classical Arabic, voicing is asymmetrical in intrasyllabic or adjacent intersyllabic environments whereas neutralized in word boundry.


Article
The Prophet Mohammad's Marriage of Lady Khadija and the Oreientalist attitude (Montgomary Watt) of him.
زواج النبي محمد  من السيدة خديجة  وموقف المستشرق (مونتجمري وات) منه

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الخلاصة

When The Prophet Mohammad became young man he worked with the trading caravans from Mecca to Syria and Southern Arabia with the wealth of Lady Khadija , the journey was successful as well and made needed profits and she knew for certain of her boy ease. The Prophet was honest and wisdom , Mohammad had acquired a reputation for honesty and wisdom and his desiring for others money. The Lady Khadija was an intelligent , brilliant , shapely and arrangement made her choose the right and good husband to end her life with fragrant company.


Article
The effect of the Co-Participate-Listen-based strategy was to acquire and retain geographical concepts in second-grade students
اثر استراتيجية كون – شارك – استمع - ابتكر في اكتساب المفاهيم الجغرافية والاحتفاظ بها لدى طالبات الصف

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الخلاصة

The current research aims to identify The effect of the Co-Participate -Listen-based strategy was to acquire and retain geographical concepts in second-grade students. To achieve the goal of the research, the researchers coined two assumptions Cefreeten Mlaimtin to search and chose determined experimentally a partial restraint, researchers rewarded between the two sets of research in a number of variables, and after determining the scientific material and formulation of behavioral objectives and prepare daily lesson plans, the researchers prepared a test to gain geographical concepts and keep them be (48) paragraph of the type of test multiple, researchers confirmed sincerity and persistence, and at the end of the application paragraph, which lasted an entire semester, the researchers applied a test to gain geographical concepts and then sawed the test on the two sets of research for measuring the retention of geographical concepts in the minds of the students, and to learn significance of differences between mean scores of two groups of researchers used a search Altaia test for two independent samples in the statistical data processing, and the results showed the superiority of the experimental group the variables in the acquisition and retention


Article
The Effectiveness of Thinking Diagrams in Achievement of Second intermediate School Students in Chemistry and visual thinking skills
فاعلية خرائط التفكير في تحصيل طلاب الصف الثاني المتوسط في مادة الكيمياء ومهارات التفكير البصري لديهم

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الخلاصة

The research aims to investigate the effectiveness of (thinking diagrams)in: 1. Achievement of second Intermediate school students in chemistry. 2. Visual thinking skills of second intermediate school students in chemistry. To achieve the aim of the study, the following null-hypotheses have been formulated: 1. There is no statistically significant difference at the level (0,05) between the students' mean scores of performance of the experimental group which is taught chemistry by means of (thinking diagrams) and the mean scores of performance of control group which is taught chemistry according to traditional method of teaching during the test of chemistry for second intermediate school students. 2. There is no statistically significant difference at the level (0,05) between the students' mean scores of performance of the experimental group which is taught chemistry by means of (thinking diagrams) and the mean scores of performance of control group which is taught chemistry according to traditional method of teaching during the test of visual thinking skills for second intermediate school students.


Article
The educational function of music in the operas of the opera school (read) model
الوظيفة التربوية للموسيقى في عروض الاوبريت المدرسي اوبريت (اقرأ) انموذجاً

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الخلاصة

Many questions came into the researcher throughout his artistic knowledge at the level of artistic products particularly music represented by the questions which were created by the researcher for the power of music and its emotional effect on the human especially when the researcher worked in academic operas. This research consisted of four chapters. Chapter One comprised research problem which was focuced on the following question - what was the academic function of the music in the displays of opera?- The current research had focused on the important of the study of educational music act in the shows of academic opera due to its important in delivering the educational and aesthetic values to the recipient (student) as well as its role in the construction and preparation of educational structure. The aim of this study was to identify the educational function of the music in the displays of opera


Article
Sufficiency of the letter in Sura poets
الاكتفاء عن الحرف في سورة الشعراء

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الخلاصة

This method is only indicative of that which controls the character and character, the meaning of the sentence, and the meaning of the plagi. It is not permissible to say only that it is said that the deletion of the letter in such a place is permissible and forbidden in such places, and it should not be said that it is only brief, without mentioning the significance derived from this sufficiency, the statement of its secrets and its implications in light of the division of what is stated in The surah of the literal sufficiency singled out both 1- sufficiency in monolingual Letters Sufficiency of the binary character.


Article
IDEAL CARTOGRAPHIC METHOD TO REPRESENT THE PRODUCTIVITY OF GRAIN CROPS IN BABEL GOVERNORATE FOR 2016
الطرق الكارتوغرافية المثلى لتمثيل انتاجية محاصيل الحبوب في محافظة بابل لعام 2016

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الخلاصة

Using cartographic representation methods with means and methods of display is considered the most important elements when prepare maps for geographic purposes, because the map is an important tool that enables the researcher to give information and data faster in understanding and conception, the technical geographic information helps in preparing maps easily and using the appropriate representing method in preparing any map. The study ( that represents the productivity of grain crops in Babel for 2016 be the best cartographic methods via multi ways represented by symbols in addition to make use of available abilities in geographic data systems to execute crops distribution maps, the research also includes a group of maps that illustrate rational importance of productivity in Babel governorate, also includes most important results that the study has come up with , it is the visible advantage in representing the actual distribution in order to determining the statistical columns and determine the spots in representing the spatial distribution and productivity energy plus to color graduation in in volumetric representing


Article
Aesthetics The picture in Romanesque and Gothic art forms a painting
جماليات تشكّل الصورة في الفن الرومانسكي والقوطي رسماً

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الخلاصة

Art has been important in the life of man and his aesthetic taste through the multitasking achievement. Talk about it and through its historical stages reflect the reality of human civilizations since its existence on earth, improving its surroundings in nature to convey a picture that draws its first steps towards knowledge. In itself, it is the image that proclaims the ascension of man to achieve beauty in form and content, and since he has a need for humanity which was his representation in art, and for the importance borne by the productions of painting art specifically in the European continent in the Middle Ages, we have the problem of research, The artistic image is made in a For the Romanesque and Gothic period a fee?


Article
The scientific journey from the city of Nishapur to Baghdad in the first half of the fifth century AH / 11th century AD in the book of the shortcut from the context of Abdul Ghafir Persian (V: 529 AH / 1134 AD)
الرحلة العلمية من مدينة نيسابور الى بغداد في النصف الاول من القرن الخامس الهجري/الحادي عشر الميلادي في كتاب المختصر من السياق لعبد الغافر الفارسي (ت:529هـ/1134م)

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الخلاصة

The city of Nishapur is one of the most important Islamic cities where many scholars are mentioned. Among these scholars is Sheikh Abdul Ghafer al-Farsi, who is one of its well-known sheikhs. He has a short book from the context that he wrote in the manner of the Nisabur ruler, author of the history of Nishapur. According to the letters of the lexicon, the Persian Abdul Ghafer translated to the Nisaburian scholars, and we translated the Nisaburian scholars traveling to Baghdad in the first half of the fifth century AH / 11th century AD, and highlighted the most important scientific activities of the translator mentioned by Abdul Ghafer Persian, The translation of the scientists in brief applies to the title of his book, which often forced us to refer to other sources that have been translated to them to restore the lack of information, has been known as the city of Nishapur scientific journey in language and terminology, moreover we translated to Sheikh Abdul Ghafer Persian And his scientific family, and follow us the scientific impact of each member of his family


Article
Ayzir Theory of Reception
آيزر ونظرية الأستقبال

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الخلاصة

Wlofgang Iser was considred one of the most followers of Canstance theory. He was a German authority and researcher. He was interested in reception theory with his colleague Jauss when he worked at University of Konstanz. He was a researcher of English literature as well. He was the most a well-known German author and critics in 1970s, 1980s of the twentieth century besides his criticism theory, which regarded a completion to the Jaus's. It is identical with best Jaus's reception works.


Article
Effect The Stofflett & Stoddart model of lateral thinking among third-graders in physics
أثـر انمــوذج Stofflett & Stoddart في التفكير الجانبي لدى طلاب الصف الثالث المتوسط في الفيزياء

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الخلاصة

This research is aimed to know the effect of thinking of the pattern( stofflett and stoddart) on the postive thinking of the third intermediate classes. To achieve this aim the researcher put zero hypothesis. the following. There is no significant statistical difference on the level (0.05) between average scores of the students who studied by (stofflett and stoddart) and the students who studiwd by the normal way in the test of thinking.The researcher made his research on a sample of students at (al – Azhar Al – Shareef intermediate school for boys) which belongs to general directorate in diwaniya and the year 2016 – 2017.


Article
Performance formations in contemporary Iraqi theater
تشكلات الأداء في العرض المسرحي العراقي المعاصر

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الخلاصة

The performance arts after the sixties and seventies inspired many directors and theatrical groups in the production of artistic knowledge and different performance forms in the different fields and artistic styles, which led to the emergence of radical transformations in the structure of the display structure and the production of his paintings. Iraqi contemporary), containing four chapters, dealt with the first chapter (the methodological framework), which included the problem of research, which was determined by the following question: What is the nature of the performance formations in the contemporary Iraqi theater? And the importance of research in the detection of the exploitation of performing arts in the structure of the contemporary theater presentation and the identification of local privacy, but the need for it is that it is useful to specialists in colleges and institutes of fine arts to further technical knowledge of the art of performance and its importance in the manufacture of contemporary theater, It seeks to know the form of performance in the composition of the contemporary Iraqi play


Article
Gupta Empire (Political and Administrative History) 320 - 500 AD
إمبراطورية كوبتا Gupta (التاريخ السياسي والإداري) 320 – 500 ميلادي

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الخلاصة

The aim of the study is the successful attempt of the Kubta Empire to establish an empire similar to that established by the Morinians. We will discuss administrative similarities in the administrative system and explain the administrative hierarchy without discussing the differences between them. The core of this research will be on the management and policy of the Kubta empire.


Article
Opening remarks The morphological and vocal guidance in the light of the sensuality of the text in the discourse the system of the Faithful Ali bin Abi Talib(Alehi Al-Salam)
الّتوجيه الصّرفي والصّوتي في ضوء وجدانية النّص في المناجاة المنظومة لأمير المؤمنين علي بن ابي طالب (عليه السلام) (دراسة في أبنية المصــادر والمشتــقات)

المؤلفون: Manar Khaled Badi منار خالد بادي
الصفحات: 1253-1269
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الخلاصة

The purpose of this study is to explain the role played by the morphological and vocal foundations in guiding the linguistic significance in the linguistic context. It also aims to demonstrate the importance of the morphological and syntactic coherence of the structure of the word in directing its significance to a special meaning or general meaning. Ibn Abi Talib(peace be upon him), we found in it a raining of the fruits of formulas and weights and linguistic molds Almnghm, and organized in the context of the symbolic meaning consistent, we adopted the article of the study came in the guidance of morphological and sound of buildings sources and derivatives and the mass of cracking, In the altruistic formula without the other and the differentiation between them methodically away from being textual systems subject to the standards of poetic necessity and perhaps this is the most important of our modest research this.


Article
Najah AL-Arsan's Collection (A Chance to Snow): A Study in the light of Cultural Criticism
ديوان نجاح العرســَـان (فُرصةٌ للثّلج) قراءة في ضوء النقد الثقافي

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الخلاصة

Abstract Praise be to Allah، the Cherisher and Sustainer of the worlds. Prayers and peace are upon the prophet Abi-el-Qassim Mohammed and his honorable household and companies. This paper is an attempt to implement the principle of cultural criticism which is one of the most prominent manifestations of post modernism. It tries to find the formats implicit under the masks of poetic beauty and cultural ugliness. These formats cannot be elicited without being able to know cultural criticism which aims to simulate the texts as cultural events. In spite of that، it cannot be regarded as a substitution for literary criticism. In fact they are complementary. So، it can be said that the relation between cultural and literary criticism is that of complementation and not a relation of competition. This paper has dealt with a modern Iraqi poet from Karbala. He is Najah AL-Arsan who is a poet of the nineties generation


Article
A Geographical Analysis of Urban Land Use in Kasab Aoun (Reality and Analysis)
تحليل جغرافي لاستعمالات الارض الحضرية في قصبة عون (واقع وتحليل)

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الخلاصة

here is no doubt that the study of the uses of urban land is an important window through which the geographical understanding of the process of construction and the functional composition of any urban area, and the importance of studying the functional structure of the urban stability becomes more important when some urban stabilizers suffer from functional and morphological overlap in the nature of their construction between rural indicators and the march of the city Aoun is one of the areas of this spatial conflict between the countryside and the city, which lies north of the city of Karbala at a distance of about (12) km, and has emerged on the node transfer important linking the city of Karbala in the capital Baghdad as well as the religious reality, which arose on the tomb of the grave that kills the connection to the house The religious factors combined with the factors of the geographical dimension of the location of the Kasbah, which today represents one of the suburbs of the city of Karbala, which can play a large role in the urban landscape of the city, so we see in the occasion to highlight the nature of the composition of the functional form that may make the uncle Planning and identifying obstacles to their development and urban development is a matter before the eyes of the officials, and we will use in our study of this approach to reveal the most important spatial facts of the Aoun.


Article
Assessing the skills of locating large cities on the deaf map in the fourth stage Geography Department College of Basic Education
تقويم مهارات تحديد مواقع المدن الكبرى على الخريطة الصماء لدى طلبة الصف الرابع قسم الجغرافية كلية التربية الاساسية

المؤلفون: Ginan Mohammed Abed جنان محمد عبد
الصفحات: 1306-1318
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الخلاصة

Current research aims to assess the skills of locating large cities on the deaf map in the fourth stage Geography Department College of Basic Education The important of the current research is illustrated as follows 1- Detecting of the importance of evaluating the skills of different geographical locations. 2- The importance of evaluating in the detection of the pros and cons when asked to identify the geographical skills. 3- This study comes in line with instructional and educational guidance on the most important geographical skills and development. The present research aims at identifying the skills of the major cities on the map for the students in the fourth grade Geography Department. Assess the skills of the sites of major cities on the map.The current research is limited of the fourth grade of the Department of students Geography College of Basic Education, Deaf map of the Arab World, School year 2016-2017.


Article
Religious Dogmatism and its Relation with Interpersonal Distrust for students of college of Art
الدوجماتية الدينية وعلاقتها بفقدان الثقة الاجتماعية المتبادلة لدى طلبة كلية الآداب

المؤلفون: Ali Abdulraheem Salih علي عبد الرحيم صالح
الصفحات: 1319-1341
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الخلاصة

The search attempts to answer a set of questions, is there relationship between Religious Dogmatism and Interpersonal Distrust for students of college of Art-university of Al Qadisiyah?, and does religious dogmatism contribute to Interpersonal Distrust among university students? to achieve the aims of the research, it was applied to a sample of (200) students of university of both sexes. The researcher built the scales of Religious Dogmatism and Interpersonal Distrust. In order to use these tools in measurement, The researcher conducted standards Reliability and Validity, and he used the appropriate statistical means to reach the conclusions and the results were as follows: Students suffer from the Religious Dogmatism, students have Interpersonal Distrust ,and there are positive relationship between Religious Dogmatism and its Relation with Interpersonal Distrust for students of college of Art-university of Al Qadisiyah.


Article
The literary progression in the annotations of Boussiri's printed publication
التعاقب الإعرابي في شروح بردة البوصيري المطبوعة

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الخلاصة

In the praise of the Prophet, Bursa al-Busiri (695 AH) took great prominence in the Arabic literature. The scholars stood by it, and all that would be a key to deciphering the poem. Perhaps the most prominent tool used by the narrator was the linguistic tool, The study is a wide field of multiple meanings, and the meaning of the poem, and took this pluralism two ways, it may be alternating one or two movements, one of the movements, taking the annotations printed field.


Article
Philosophical representation of the body in the poetry of Khazal Majidi
التمثل الفلسفي للجسد في شعر خزعل الماجدي

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الخلاصة

This research deals with one of the prominent representations of the body in the poetry of Khazal al-Majidi, the philosophical representation of the body, and how the poet viewed the body through the poetic text in a special philosophy through the nature of the body "Alana" represented by the poet on the one hand, and the human thinking of the body on the other hand, For the body we find the poet pursuing the representation of the slender flesh body deciphering his blades enlightened by the philosophy of Nietzsche and his vision of the living body where faith in the body is more firmly established than the faith in the soul. The research also deals with the philosophical representation of the body of the hypocrites, the marginalized through the presence and absence, Paso Of general, and the manifestation of all that in the poetry reveals Khaza'al Majidi his vision of poetry and culture in the processing capacity of the body in the poetic text through the philosophy of the human body, which unveil the capacity and the possibility of eating in With immense subject of poetry.


Article
Assessing the Performance of Iraqi EFL College Students in Using Rhetorical Questions
تقويم أداء الطلبة الجامعيين العراقيين دارسي اللغة الإنجليزية لغة اجنبية في استخدام الأسئلة البلاغية

المؤلفون: Muneer Ali Khudhayer منير علي خضير
الصفحات: 1371-1378
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الخلاصة

Rhetorical questions are those which do not expect an answer. They are used simply as a way of drawing attention to something. Rhetorical questions are of different types having different functions. Students of English as a foreign language often find difficulty in using rhetorical questions in English because of their constituents and functions and here lies the problem of the study. It is hypothesized that Iraqi EFL college students encounter difficulty in using the topic under investigation. A random sample of (60) students has been taken from the fourth year stage of the Department of English, College of Education for Human Sciences, University of Babylon to undergo a diagnostic test designed to assess the students' performance in using the rhetorical questions. The findings of the test show that the number and percentage of the incorrect answers in the whole test (749, 62.42%) are more than those of correct answers (451, 37.58%). These results show that the learners face difficulty in using the rhetorical questions at both the recognition and production levels and this, in turn, confirms the hypothesis of the study. This study includes the theoretical comprehensive study of the rhetorical questions with their different types and functions followed by the practical part which encompasses a diagnostic test applied to a random sample of EFL college students to investigate their performance in using the topic under investigation.


Article
The grammatical views of the chest of the great al-Khawarizmi (v. 617 AH)
الآراء النحوية لصدر الأفاضل الخوارزمي (ت: 617ه) في كتابه التخمير

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الخلاصة

This study is aiming at explaining the grammatical points of views of Sadrul Al-Afadhil Al-Khawarizmi in his book " Al-Takhmeer".That book is one of the paraphrasing and explaining books of "Al-Mufassal",the book of Al-Zamkhashri. Al-Khawarizmi has taken great deal of his consideration to explain it.In addition, he followed Al-Zamkhashri in dividing his book into four sections ;Nouns,Verbs,Articles,and a section containing all the three mentioned. The methodology of explaining the topic based on choosing grammatical problems that occurred in Al-Takhmeer book in which Al-Khawarizmi discussed the grammatical points of views of different grammarians. In this study, the researcher mentioned some problems that Al-Khawarizmi agreed and others that he didn't in addition to other grammatical views on which he didn't give his own opinion

الكلمات الدلالية

Views --- Khwarizmi --- grammar --- آراء، الخوارزمي، النَّحو.


Article
Gohen deweey, and the pragmatism method
جون ديوي، والمنهج البرغماتي

المؤلفون: Rafid kassim haghim رافد قاسم هاشم
الصفحات: 1409-1428
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الخلاصة

John Dewey, the most prominent philosophers of the present era of America, but also the world, is the philosopher of America, expressing her mental orientation and a global philosopher or, as the professor(Arwin Addman), one of the makers of American heritage. Dewey is the greatest philosopher and producer of American philosophy, and his field of activity as an object and teacher(for more than seventy years). His ideas and influences have added much to American life. The application of Dewey's philosophy to the problems of life, man and the world was naturalistic and instrumental) In philosophy, he was a very strong defender.

الكلمات الدلالية

John Dewey --- Curriculum --- Pragmatic. --- جون ديوي --- منهج، برغماتي


Article
Studying the drama structure in the texts of the science fiction of the plays and mechanisms adopted by the writer in the formulation of the literary text of the play belongs to science fiction literature
دراسة البنية الدرامية في نصوص الخيال العلمي للمسرحيات والآليات التي اعتمدها الكاتب في صياغة نصه الأدبي المسرحي الذي ينتمي إلى أدب الخيال العلمي

المؤلفون: Haidar Mohammed Hussein حيدر محمد حسين
الصفحات: 1461-1481
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الخلاصة

This research is concerned with studying drama structure in the texts of the science fiction play and the mechanisms adopted by the writer in the formulation of the text of the literary drama that belongs to science fiction. The research is divided into four chapters divided as follows: Chapter I: The methodological framework for research and the integration of the problem and the importance and objectives and limits and definition of its terms. Chapter Two: Combining two subjects: The first part: the presentation of the drama structure in the doctrines and the currents of the theater from Aristotle to the end of the irrational Brama address elements of the composition of theatrical text is plot, language and personality. The second topic has included several axes. The focus is on compatibility and conflict between science and literature. The second axis concerned me with the definition of science fiction conceptually and the right of the axis of science fiction literary genres ie story, novel, theater and the conclusion of the chapter of science fiction in the Arab world and the result of the theoretical framework.


Article
أَثَر الإمام علي بن موسى الرضا(عليه السلام) في الاقتصاد

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الخلاصة

The influence of Imam Ali bin Musa al_ Ridha(peace be upon him) on economy. 1-Imam Ali bin musa al_ Ridha(peace be upon him) left some thoughts in economic aspects. 2-Some of the economic aspects that Imam al_ Ridha(peace be upon him) had left could be regarded as a fundamentals and basics of the Islamic economy doctrine. 3-Imam al_ Ridha(peace be upon him) had laid basiecs of economy that the ruler could depend on in order to get society which may regarded as an ideal society, and for sure that those basics comply with Islamic religion teaching. 4-Imam al_ Ridha(peace be upon him) had laid instructions and recommendations to be used for utilizing money, in purpose of guiding his followers for good governance in lift. 5-Imam al_ Ridha(peace be upon him) reminded about some Islamic prohibitions in terms of economy, such as(Alriba) illegal moneylending which leads to bad financials and psychological effects in the Islamic society. 6-Imam al_ Ridha(peace be upon him) stressed the link between work and worship in the Islamic society.


Article
The Effect of Jigsaw Technique on Enhancing EFL Intermediate Students' Writing Skill
تاثير تقنية جكسو على تعزيز مهارة الكتابة لدارسي اللغة الانكليزية لغة أجنبية لطلاب المرحلة المتوسطة

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الخلاصة

The present study aims at finding out the effect of using jigsaw technique on the achievement of 2nd intermediate school students in writing. The population of the study comprises the second-year students at the intermediate schools for boys in the center of Babylon Governorate for the academic year (2016-2017). Two samples were randomly selected from Safy Al-Deen Intermediate School for boys to represent the experimental group (30 students) and the control group (30 students). pre and post tests were constructed by the researcher. A T-test formula for two independent samples is used to analyze the obtained data. The results showed that Jigsaw technique is considered more effective, useful, and favorable to teach writing skill than the conventional one.

الكلمات الدلالية

: Jigsaw --- Writing skill. --- مهارة الكتابة --- جكسو.


Article
The effectiveness of the strategy of simulations in the written expression of second grade students in the medium of reading and texts
فاعلية إستراتيجية التشبيهات في التعبير الكتابي لدى طالبات الصف الثاني المتوسط في مادة المطالعة والنصوص

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الخلاصة

The current research aims to: the effectiveness of similes strategy in written expression to the second grade students in the middle of reading material and texts.To achieve the goal the research, the researcher randomly medium sparkle chosen, the same way the researcher chose Division (a), to represent the experimental group of a number of her students (42 students), and the Division (b) to represent the control of a number of her students group (44 students), has conducted a researcher parity between students of the two groups in the following variables: (chronological age of the students measured in months, and degrees of Arabic language material at the end of the previous year's test, and the academic achievement of the father and mother), and then identified the subject to be studied during the duration of the experiment, and formulated behavioral objectives of the subjects to be taught during the duration of the experiment. The researcher prepared plans for teaching the subjects to be taught during the duration of the experiment and offered researcher two plans Tdrisatin the elite of experts and specialists to learn disqualified, has been studied on their own sets of research, during the duration of the experiment, which lasted 8 weeks, and after the end of the experiment, conducted researcher final test of the two sets Find the unifying theme for both groups to write it, and to correct their answers adopted standard barber in correct written expression among students of fourth grade literary .


Article
Explanation of Al-Yusi for his Thesis in Rhetoric by the Scholar Mohammed bin Abdul Rahman Al-Yusi (died in 1282 H.)
شرح اليوسيّ على رسالته في علم البيان للعلامة محمد بن عبد الرحمن اليوسيّ(ت1282هـ)

المؤلفون: Zainab Jasim Mohammed زينب جاسم محمد
الصفحات: 1530-1536
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الخلاصة

The letter of the mark Alosi (may God have mercy on him) of the important rhetorical texts that arrived to us conveying the most important advances of the rhetoric in the sciences of the statement in the Maghreb in the thirteenth century of migration This letter included the definition of metaphor and its sections (mental and linguistic) and the most important relations Which is based on the metaphor and mention metaphor and its sections and types as what corresponds to the ends of the metaphor and divided into (candidate and editor and absolute) and then mentioned metaphors considering the rigid and derivative and divided into (original and dependency) and touched the dispute between the scholars of the old in metaphor Imagination has gone into what Abdul Qah said Reef and Khatib Qizwini in the metaphor of the imaginary metaphor of mental and stop the statement of the role of context and its impact in guiding sense and then join his explanation by mentioning the evidence of the Koran and the poetic arts to illustrate the Arab statement (metaphor and metaphor) and the role in guiding the context and meaning of his statement.


Article
Executiveattentionand Relationship of the personality anxiety to class of the seconolary students
الانتباه التنفيذي وعلاقته بالشخصية القلقة لدى طلبة المرحلة الإعدادية

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الخلاصة

Concern stems Forman external presence and emotional state dependeabk onthelevel of individuality readiness is aphenomenthe affects the impait in the personality of the individual this has taken a lot of effort psychologists in terms of its component structure and extras and branches where same see it the judgment on the personality of the individual to beacqnainted with the psychological characteristics of the wave found in them if the y exist can measured as a personal dimension to know the characteristics that his personal concerned person considers himself as socially in competent and feeling of boldoniais described as suffering of disorder low self-esteem which impedes compatibility in different areas increases the anxiety of some individuals and makes it difficult for them to receive in formation and introduce it to memory is an important part of the psychologyicalcon struction of man is directly linked to sources of attention and play an in


Article
The grammatical economy in the complex of proverbs of the field (deletion) is a model
الاقتصاد النحوي في مجمع الأمثال للميدانيّ (الحذف) أنموذجاً

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الخلاصة

Praise be to Allah, Lord of the Worlds, and prayers and peace be upon the master of the messengers of Muhammad and his family and companions, But we do not deny that there are other means that cannot be mentioned here. It is useful to mention here that the Arabic proverbs are the best of credibility. Of the linguistic economy, including the implied sound, morphological and grammatical, as well as the reference to the significance generated by the internal consistency of the composition, and the significance generated by the context.


Article
Cultural intelligence and its relation to the quality of life among university students
الذكاء الثقافي وعلاقته بجودة الحياة لدى طلبة الجامعة

المؤلفون: Fatima Medhat Ibrahim فاطمة مدحت إبراهيم
الصفحات: 1569-1587
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الخلاصة

The goal of current research is to identify the relationship between cultural intelligence and the quality of life of university students. In order to verify this, the researcher built a tool to measure cultural intelligence, according to the viewpoint Sternberg's theory, 2006) Sternberg has corrupted measure in its final form of (30) items, as well as adopted a quality of life prepared by the scale (Muncie, 2006), based mainly on according to the viewpoint of Rive (Ryff, 1999) and consisting of (64) items were confirmed validity and reliability tools. As it has been applied to a sample of (400) students were chosen randomly from stratified Mustansiriya university students. The results indicate that the sample mean members of the variables above average premise and this means that they have a high level of cultural intelligence and the quality of life level. As it turned out that there are statistically significant relationship between a high level of cultural intelligence and the quality of life level, the researcher presented a number of recommendations and suggestions.


Article
Razi pride (T606 / 1208 AD) and its methodology in the Book of Keys of the Unseen
الفخر الرازي (ت 606ۿ/1208م) ومنهجه في كتاب مفاتيح الغيب

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الخلاصة

The book is considered one of the most important books of interpretation in opinion because the important interpretive research was the science of speech and the influence of the author and the author of this book pride Razi has a high culture in various fields and science has been dominated by the matter has been addressed in various issues and expanded significantly, Tawheed, Prophethood, Imamah, and others.


Article
Forced migration and abortion of embryos A population study in abortion of fetuses for forcibly displaced families in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq
الهجرة القسرية وإجهاض الأجنة دراسة سكانية في إجهاض الأجنة للأسر المهجرة قسرا في إقليم كوردستان العراق

المؤلفون: Firas Abbas Fadel Al-Bayati فراس عباس فاضل البياتي
الصفحات: 1600-1619
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الخلاصة

Iraqi women have been affected by the conditions that have afflicted the Iraqi society since the 1980s because of the wars and the subsequent economic siege in the nineties and the American occupation after the second millennium and finally the occupation of the cities of Iraq in June 2014 and the resulting killing and captivity, forced displacement and forced displacement of escape from thirst. Forced displacement has a negative impact on women's health in general and reproductive health in particular ... The harsh conditions that accompanied the psychological, social and economic displacement have had a negative impact on the pregnant woman and forced displacement has often led to miscarriage and pregnancy loss. The issue of abortion and pregnancy loss It has negative effects on the mental and physical health of the pregnant woman as she loses part of her and her newborn child. The phenomenon of forced displacement and forced displacement has had an impact on the health situation of women, especially pregnant women, which led to the loss of their fetus and the abortion of the factor that led the researcher to study the issue of forced migration and abortion of women in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq.


Article
Reinforcement Sensitivity of the High School Students
حسّاسية التعزيز لدى طلبة المرحلة الاعدادية

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الخلاصة

1- Reinforcement Sensitivity of the high school students. 2 - the statistical significance Differences in the reinforcement sensitivity of the high school students according to the gender variables (male - female), and specialization (scientific -literary). To achieve the aims of the study, the researcher adopted (Coor & Cooper,2008) scale for measuring reinforcement sensitivity, and verified the validity of the research tool in a manner of honesty virtual of construction and verified her stability in the manner of retesting and half-way, After completing the research scale, they were applied to the basic research sample of (462) male and female students in high school, the subjects were chosen by the random stratified method, distributed according to gender and specialization variables and by a proportional proportion of the representation of the variables in the original group. findings were:


Article
Geographical distribution of the population of the Indian district of Sinti (1997- 2015)
توزيع جغرافي لسكان قضاء الهندية لسنتي (1997- 2015)

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الخلاصة

This study includes spatial variation of the distribution of the population of AL-Hindiyah spend for the years analyzed (1997-2015), where this disparity of distribution is linked to a host of natural and human factors that lead to the variation of the population from one place to another also included research also identify the areas where the population and then find out Ktharathm in every in addition to the development and distribution of numerical and relative environmental area, as marked by the Indian eliminate the rise of population density, which amounted to census 1997 (337) person km. While increased to 591 in 2015 because of their small elimination space in comparison to the size of the growing population, and did not spread population density equally between administrative units came AL-Hindiyah eliminate the center of the first rank of the highest population density and followed by the hand of good things and AL-Gadwall AL-Garbiy snb distnict large area of this unit.compared.other.


Article
Rebel martyr in the faee of the Amawian Labyrinth
الثائر الشهيد في مواجهة الضلال الأموي

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الخلاصة

There are sources that indicate that the name Zaid came from the Prophet (Peace and blessings of Allah be upon him), which he called Zaid a Imam Zaid Bin Ali grew up in a great scientific and religious environment and was nourished by the wisdom of Lebanon, As he grew up in the city of Jeddah, the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him and his family) present science, Under the patronage of his father Imam Ali Zine El Abidine Bin Al Hussein (peace be upon them), And that others have left behind, saying: knowing that people will let him down as they abandoned his father before we fought with him,


Article
CRITICIZING THE IDIOM IN CRITICIZING THE FICTIONAL CRITICISM IN IRAQ UNTIL 2003
نقد المصطلح في نقد النقد القصصي في العراق حتى عام 2003

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الخلاصة

This research dealt with the language of the fictional criticism in Iraq, when that criticism becomes a subject to criticize the criticism, and follow that kind of criticism since first foundation of it in the second half of the 20th century until 2003 A.D. The research cover this subject via two main sections, first one a research for all the products of Iraqi critics of criticizing the criticism related to the fictional critic term, when the critic be unlucky in the perspective of criticizing the criticism in using a well-known familiar term, but it's use was turbulent for a certain critic in a text or more, like the terms " constructivity", " reality" and "classic". While the second section undertook the following of terms which critics have made in the field of the fictional criticism, like the term of " generation of lost medium" and the term " Najafi trend".. while criticizing the criticism considered it inaccurate in conforming with the evidences that were produced to refer to them within a describing critic reality.


Article
Rhythm in Al-Naba Sura
الإيقاع جمالياته وتوظيفه الدلالي في سورة النبأ

المؤلفون: Nawar Mohammed Ismail نوار محمد اسماعيل
الصفحات: 1686-1692
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الخلاصة

The research considered in studying the rhythmic structure in Al-‎Naba’ Sura ‎as an entrance in revealing the artistic construction, aesthetic ‎aspects, and ‎connotative phenomena. The rhythm interferes with the ‎rhetoric sciences whereas ‎the rhetoricians dealt with through their speech ‎about enchasing, rhyme, ‎congruity of construction, moderation of measure, ‎derivation of the ‎pronunciation from the utterance, summarization of the ‎phrase using borrowed ‎utterances; then stating the parts and sequence etc..‎ After stating the concept of the rhythm the research was divided into the ‎rhythm ‎of interval and its connotation as moving letters in the sections that ‎should make ‎the rhetoric meaning understood well.‎ Thus; Al-Sura started in the interval of al-noon and moved into al-dal which ‎‎came congruent with al-’alef whereas the contradiction played an important ‎role ‎in making the connotation prominent.‎ The second axis was concerning with the repetition and its rhythmic ‎connotation ‎of the verbs denotative of movement.‎ Thus; the sounds produced in their repetition and sequence a prominent ‎artistic ‎rhythm; also the parallelism achieved rhythm in its sequence. So; in ‎the Sura, a ‎grammatical and derivational parallelism has come, whereas ‎parallelism is based ‎on the connotative equivalence. The structure of the ‎rhythmic balance has ‎consolidated the connotation of the text that pushed ‎it for more tension and ‎harmony at the same time. There is parallelism ‎based on the level of the apex ‎rising namely, representative of the open-‎mindedness towards the texts went and ‎directed it to the connotative ‎summit, that had the considerable effect in showing ‎prominence the ‎succession of the connotation in the human rebellion concluded in ‎the ‎original parallelism


Article
Interpretation of the Koran to Sheikh Tusi (D 460 H(
آراء الخليل بن احمد الفراهيدي (ت175هـ) في التبيان في تفسير القران للشيخ الطوسي (ت460 هـ)

المؤلفون: Cyrine Hussein Kazem سيرين حسين كاظم
الصفحات: 1693-1706
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الخلاصة

The interpretation of Tusi interpretation in the interpretation of the Koran, the first interpretation contained conversations and statements of the Messenger of Allah peace be upon him and his family and his family (A) and interpreted the Koran, as well as the adoption of the books of dictionaries and language books and grammar in the interpretation, The author of the first Arabic glossary in accordance with a scientific approach, the dictionary of the eye, Hebron realized the need to collect Arabic words in books, and preserve them because of the weakness of the Arabic tongue due to social conditions and political and other, because the Arabic language, including the words are the language The Holy Quran, with its knowledge is understood Ih the book of God Almighty, so note the rat 's ass detective Koranic owners, including the people of interpretation of language, grammar and dictionaries


Article
Exploring the Challenges of Teaching Pragmatic Competence in EFL Classes
بحث صعوبات تدريس البراكماتية (التداولية) في صفوف الدارسين للغة الانكليزية كلغة اجنبية

المؤلفون: Suzan Abid Hassan سوزان عبد حسن
الصفحات: 1707-1714
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الخلاصة

This paper aims at bringing into account the importance of raising pragmatic competence in the language classroom with language learners (EFL) It also considers the possibility and the challenges of teaching pragmatic competence in EFL classes.The paper answers: How can Pragmatic instruction help develop learners’ Pragmatic awareness? The study considers the role of the textbooks and the role of language teacher's talk as demanding possibilities of teaching pragmatics in EFL classes. It concludes that pragmatic knowledge of a language is better acquired by exposing the learners to natural environment and authentic materials. In the case of EFL, students are deprived of such conditions; moreover, these conditions cannot be completely provided for in the classrooms, so students may need special training in this aspect.


Article
The current internal argument And its effect in directing the meaning in the simple interpretation Al-Wahidi (d. 468 e)
القرينةُ الحالّيةُ الداخليةُ وأثرُها في توجيه المعنى في تفسير البَسِيْط للواحديّ (ت468ه)

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الخلاصة

Arabic language is discrimined in many characteristics and features which help us for getting the meaning and make it very clear. They also help us to understand the text and illustrate its significance. This research observes plenty of significant relations between what the human being lead of the moment and physical expressions with it's linguistic meanings, as a helpful in ference in the Qoranic explanation. The human communication doesn't only depend on the words but it also transcend to the physical movement inseparable expressions and movements that accompany the human speech, so these expression and movements can be considered a very important and basical factor in the mankind's communication process that it find out the mind's opinions. and what happens in the human mind can be affected to explain the meaning and appears the evidences in clear figures


Article
Opinions are apt to explain the will / son of the eyebrow (D 845 H) (Prepositions are an example)
الآراء المحتملة في شرح كافية ابن الحاجب ليعقوب بن أحمد بن حاجي عوض (ت 845 هـ) (حروف الجرّ مثالًا)

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الخلاصة

The grammarians and the linguists have been searching for the correct pronunciation to the ultimate goal of preserving the Book of God from the slippage. The Holy Quran was the catalyst for the emergence of grammar, and they had to think and manage when establishing the first rules, The grammar lesson witnessed the emergence of different trends in Arabic grammar through its long ages. The opinions varied and the scientific jurisprudence varied accordingly between those who accept this possibility or reject it,To keep out of the right path all the imbalance, melody, or corruption in the four levels of language.


Article
Argumentation along with its cognitive patterns in the Iraqi theatrical message the play, Ya Rab (Oh! God) is a model
الحجاج وتمثلاته المعرفية في الخطاب المسرحي العراقي مسرحية (يارب) أنموذجاً

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الخلاصة

The present paper studies the theme of argumentation- along with its cognitive patterns in the Iraqi theatrical message- tends to study the idea of argumentation in the theatrical speech in two levels: the text and the performance. The study is consisted of four chapters: Chapter One entitled ‘The methodical frame’ has the problem of the study which centers upon the following query: what is argumentation? And what are its cognitive patters in the address of the Iraqi theatre? The chapter studies the significance of argumentation as an important untraditional kind of communicative speech because it carries cognitive argumentative patters. The paper is very beneficial to students and researchers in the institutes and colleges of fine arts, as well as the individuals working in the theatrical fields as it helps them recognize the theme of argumentation with its cognitive aspects in the Iraqi theatrical speech. The year 2015 is the temporal limit of the study; location is Iraq, and the subject is: the study of argumentation and its cognitive aspects in the in the dramatization of the play, Ya Rab (Oh! God). The study has procedural definitions for the study terms in the title. Chapter Two (The theoretical frame) has three sections in addition to the resulted indications of the study. In the first section, the researcher studies the concept of ‘argumentation’ rhetorically; second section deals with the aspects of argumentation as used conventionally, while she devotes the third section to the aspects of argumentation in the global theatrical speech


Article
The Effectiveness of an Educational Program Based on Productive Thinking (P.T) in the Motivation for Excellence The students of the special education department in the faculties of basic education in the course of mental excellence
فاعلية برنامج تعليمي قائم على التفكير المنتج (P.T) في الدافع نحو التفوق لدى طلبة قسم التربية الخاصة في كليات التربية الاساسية في مقرر التفوق العقلي

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الخلاصة

This search to: 1 - Building an educational program based on the thinking produced in the achievement and motivation for the release of students of the Department of Special Education in the Faculty of Basic Education in the decision of mental excellence. 2 - To recognize the effectiveness of the educational program based on the investigation produced in the motivation to excel in the students of the Department of Special Education: Zero Hypothesis: There was no statistically significant difference at the level of significance (0,05) between the average score of students of the Department of Special Education in the Faculty of Basic Education in the experimental group who studied the mental excellence course according to the product performance program and their peers in the control group who studied the usual way in motivation To excel.


Article
EFFECTIVENESS OF AN E EDUCATIONAL PROGRAM BASED ON SOCIAL STRUCTURE IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF SOCIAL TOLERANCE AMONG THE STUDENTS OF THE FACULTY OF QURANIC STUDIES, UNIVERSITY OF BABYLON
فاعلية برنامج تعليمي قائم على البنائية الاجتماعية في تنمية التسامح الاجتماعي لدى طلبة كلية الدراسات القرآنية جامعة بابل

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الخلاصة

The current research aims to identify "the effectiveness of an educational program based on social structure in the development of social tolerance among students of the College of Quranic Studies, University of Babylon"


Article
The effect of the strategy of facts or opinions on the development of the skills of historical thinking and direction among the fourth grade literary branch female students
أثر استراتيجية حقائق ام اراء في تنمية مهارات التفكير التاريخي والاتجاه لدى طالبات الصف الرابع الادبي

المؤلفون: Haidar Hatem Faleh Al Ajrash حيدر حاتم فالح العجرش
الصفحات: 1805-1823
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الخلاصة

This study aims to identify the effect of the strategy of facts and opinions on the development of the skills of historical thinking and direction among the fourth grade literary branch female students. The researcher chose randomly (al-Waeli secondary school for girls) located in the center of Babylon province to apply the pilot randomly chosen Division B to represent the experimental group with 32 female students and the C division to represent the control group with the number of female students as well. Students of the two groups were equalized in light of the following variables (grades first chapter history, IQ test). The researcher formulated (80) behavioral objectives of the subjects to be studied during the duration of the experiment and prepared daily plans to teach the two groups of the study.

جدول المحتويات السنة: المجلد: العدد: