Table of content

Journal of Oral and Dental Research

مجلة طب الفم والاسنان

ISSN: 23106417
Publisher: Iraqi Association for Oral Research
Faculty:
Language: English

This journal is Open Access

About

The Journal of Oral and Dental Research (JODR) is an international peer‐reviewed scientific journal. The aim of the JODR is to publish high standard original papers related to dental, oral and craniofacial structures in health and disease. Basic research, clinical case studies and reviews will be considered for publication. The journal will be published biannually online. The JODR is the official journal for the Iraqi Association for Oral Research, the Iraqi Division of the International Association for Dental Research.
The publication will be on a rolling basis, with manuscripts being published on the site as soon as they make it through the peer-review process. This increases the exposure of the articles and keeps the JODR current. Manuscripts are now being accepted and submissions are welcome from authors from around the world, for basic research, case reports and literature reviews.

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Table of content: 2018 volume:5 issue:1

Article
Oral Hemangiopericytoma: Literature Review and Two Cases from Sulaimani. (An Analytic Study)

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Abstract

Background Hemangiopericytoma (HPC) is an uncommon vascular neoplasm. Objectives This study was designed in order to review and summarize published cases with oral HPC since 1949, and unpublished cases from histopathological centers in Kurdistan region/Sulaimani/Iraq. The specifc objective is to correlate cases related medical data with treatment option and prognosis. Materials and Methods A web-based search was initiated for published articles and case reports by using PubMed, and Google. Another search was done in the database of histopathological centers in Sulaimani. Results Two new cases of oral HPC diagnosed in the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology - Dentistry College - Sulaimani University were reported in details. Literature review disclosed sixty-six HPC of the oral cavity and additional fve cases were reported from Sulaimani (total 71 cases). Male to female ratio was 1:1.5, with a wide age range from newborn to 91 years, 50% of oral HPC was between 15 and 51 years. The tongue was the most common site that HPC originated from, then jawbones, and buccal mucosa. Neither sex nor age seems to have any effect on the outcome of oral HPC (p>0.05). HPCs that originate from oral mucosa including 13 cases from buccal mucosa and gum were benign, while jaw bones HPC was with malignant behavior in six cases. The behavior of twenty-six cases was not recorded. Different sites had no effect on the tumor outcome (p=0.08). Most cases which were treated only by surgery showed no recurrence (p=0.01). Conclusion HPC has a high rate of recurrence with undeterminable malignant potential, and require surgical excision with adequate margins and long-term follow up.


Article
DETERMINATION OF RELATION BETWEEN THE VERTICAL DIMENSION OF OCCLUSION AND RIGHT HAND LITTLE FINGER

Authors: Faraidoon A. Miran
Pages: 22-31
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Abstract

Background Determination of the VDO is one of the most important steps in making complete denture Objectives The present study evaluates the relation between vertical dimension of occlusion, and the length of the little fnger of right hand. Material and Methods a cross-sectional study was conducted on 200 dentate subjects selected both males and females were involved in the study. Measurements of the verticaldimension of occlusion were recorded clinically using modifed digital vernier caliper, with the person is seated correctly on the dental chair in an upright position; and instructed to close his teeth in centric occlusion. The length of the little fnger of the right hand was measured from tip of fnger to the farther most point on palmer digital crease. The measurements were taken with the hand straight, flat and supine position, Results showed that the vertical dimension of occlusion was signifcantly and positively correlated with the length of the little fngers, in females more compatible than males. Conclusion Since the variations between the vertical dimension of occlusion and the length of little fnger are within the range of 1mm for females and 2mm for males respectively. As a conclusion of the present study vertical dimension of occlusion prediction through this method is reliable, and reproducible. Also the method is simple, economic, and non-invasive; hence, it could be recommended for everyday practice.


Article
Chest Wall Necrotizing Faciitis from Odontogenic Infection. A Case Report

Authors: Haider Alalawy
Pages: 32-35
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Abstract

Fifty fve years-old male submitted to the Emergency Department in Baghdad Medical City with right submandibular swelling necrotic ulcer with purulent discharge at anterior lower neck and upper chest area (Necrotizing Faciitis) with extreme fetid odor. This case report discusses the management and treatment outcome

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Article
Black and green tea antimicrobial effect on Mutans streptococci and Lactobacilli

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Abstract

Background Dental caries continues to be a major public health problem in many countries. The aetiology of dental caries is multifactorial and it is widely accepted that Mutans streptococci and Lactobacilli play major role in the formation of dental caries through adhering to the tooth surface and producing acid from dietary sucrose. Objectives Finding affordable natural product with anti-cariogenic potential will have a great impact on dental caries management worldwide. There is some published evidence supporting the antibacterial activity of green tea (GT) but studies of black tea (BT) are scanty. This preliminary study aimed to test the activity of aqueous and alcoholic extracts of BT and GT in comparison with sodium fluoride, chlorhexidine and distilled water, on clinical isolates of Mutans Streptococci (MS) and Lactobacilli (LB). Materials and Methods In the in-vitro study, MS and LB sensitivity and viable counts were tested with different concentrations of tea extracts. The minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC) of the tea extract, and the time required for killing MS and LB in the presence of tea extracts were determined. An in-vivo study of sequential saliva samples collected from 30 volunteers after rinsing with the aqueous extracts was conducted, to investigate the longevity of tea extract as an antibacterial agent in the mouth. Results MS and LB counts were reduced with tea aqueous extract progressively with time. The largest inhibition zone was produced by 50% GT aqueous extract. LB least viable count was recorded at 30% BT aqueous extract. MBC was 35%and 30% for BT and GT extracts respectively. The maximum reduction of MS and LBviable counts was at 30 and 15 minutes respectively, after rinsing with 50% GT aqueous extract. Conclusion Tea extract has the potential to reduce MS and LB viable counts, and can be incorporated in the dental products as an effective anti-cariogenic agent.


Article
Facial Nerve Palsy as Frequent Presentation in Patient with Rhinocerebral Mucormycosis

Authors: Suha N. Aloosi
Pages: 55-69
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Abstract

Background Early recognition of rhinocerebral mucormycosis is critical for initiation of treatment. The clinical presentation of the disease shares the same clinical picture with many other diseases, which might lead to misdiagnosis. Features of neural involvement, such as facial nerve palsy, headache and mental state alteration, are important in presentation of mucormycosis; however, they are commonly overlooked. Objectives This study was done to highlight facial nerve palsy as an early feature of Rhinocerebral mucormycosis, which may improve the quality of the clinical recognition and encourage further related investigation and managements steps. Materials and Methods Thirteen patients with variable signs and symptoms of Rhinocerebral Mucormycosis were diagnosed and treated in The Maxillofacial Unit in Sulaimani Teaching Hospital, Kurdistan / Iraq. Their clinical and laboratory data were retrospectively analyzed. Results Neurological features of facial nerve palsy were reported in a signifcant percent of the included patients (61.5%) p=0.001. It was signifcantly associated with misdiagnosis as Cerebro-Vascular Accident (CVA) (P=0.047) and with bad prognosis of the disease (p=0.042). Conclusion Facial nerve weakness is a signifcant sign in presentation of mucormycosis. A signifcant proportion of such patients could be misdiagnosed as CVA patients, with subsequent delay in treatment. Increasing the suspicion index for mucormycosis in diabetic patients presenting with facial palsy helps in reaching an accurate and early diagnosis.


Article
Incidence of different types of removable partial dentures in Sulaimania

Authors: Faraidoon A. Miran
Pages: 70-77
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Abstract

Background: Removable partial prosthodontics is reversible treatment method for partially edentulous patients at any age. Even thought, recent reports have shown a consistent decline in the prevalence of tooth loss during the past few decades, the remain significant variation in tooth loss distribution Objectives The aim of the study is to detect the incidence of different classes of removable partial dentures according to Kennedy classification, age range and gender. Materials and methods the work authorization forms for 102 patients requiring RPDs from the clinics of the College of Dentistry, Sulaimania University. A one-year period was reviewed for this study. The Kennedy classification with the guidelines advocated by Applegate for each partially edentulous arch was recorded, and the data was collected for RPD regarding gender and age. Results Females (60.41%) have more RPDs restorations than males (39.58%) at the total of 144 RPD100% .Kennedy class II (51.38 %) RPDs more common than other classes and the female (27.77%) more than male (23.61%)in class II And the least common is Class IV(1.38%)only .in relation of distribution of RPD by age Most of the RPD are at the age of 45-54 of age (47.22%) and least common RPDs at age of 15-24 Years (1.38%) also it is only in the female group The upper P.D. (50.69%) is more common than lower (49.30%). Conclusion In the females, the upper class II RPD was the most common incidence at age between 45-54 years.

Table of content: volume:5 issue:1