Table of content

journal of Human Sciences

مجلة العلوم الانسانية

ISSN: 19922876
Publisher: Babylon University
Faculty: Education / Safi Al-DainAl-Heliy
Language: Arabic and English

This journal is Open Access

About

Humanities Journal

HJ is a precise scientific journal issued by College of Education for Humanities and started in 2010 to emit the rays of light to different research in both Arabic and English.
Before all, it is seasonal published four times a year.the scientific evaluation of all the researches are done at the hand of experts specialized academically and linguistically from inside and abroad.
One of the achievements the journal exudes is to issue a version exclusive to the yearly scientific conference into which many researchers, from Iraq and other countries participate. In the aggregate, the journal reaches fruition ,as it receives many notes of appreciation from Iraq and other countries for the meritorious efforts.

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human.magazine@yahoo.com
07811309967

Table of content: 2018 volume:2 issue:25

Article
Visual memory of students of special education classes and their ordinary peers in Babil province
الذاكرة البصرية لدى تلامذة صفوف التربية الخاصة واقرانهم العاديين في محافظة بابل

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Abstract

This research aimed at identifying the level of visual memory among children in special education classes (CSEC) and their normal peers and the significant differences between the levels of visual memory of the subjects according to: (A)- their type (CSEC) and normal peers.(B)- their Gender (males - females). To achieve those aims, the psychometric properties of the adopted test of Abidzaid (2015) were verified. Then, the test was applied to a sample of (200) children, (100) of them were (CSEC) and (100) normal peers. All of them were learning in primary schools in Hila city of Babylon Province – Iraq, during (2015-2016). The obtained data was statistically analyzed by (SPSS) package. The findings were: (1) the visual memory level of (CSEC) was low and high among their normal peers (2) there were significant differences at the level (0.05) between the levels of visual memory of the (CSEC) and those of normal peers, in favor of the normal class children, and between males and females in favor of males children.


Article
Metaphor as a Stylistic Feature in Biblical Texts of Retribution
الاستعارة كأسلوب ميزة في النصوص الكتابية من القصاص

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Abstract

This paper considers the stylistic significance and effects of metaphor in Biblical texts of retribution. It aims to test the applicability of stylistics to Biblical texts of retribution. It is hypothesized that: (a) retribution texts serve as data of analysis for examining the applicability of stylistics (b) these texts utilize metaphor to achieve certain stylistic significance and effects. So, to analyze the data under scrutiny and achieve the aims, the study develops an eclectic model. The analysis has come up with a number of conclusions that verify the post


Article
Radical Islamists in the New York Times: A Critical Discourse Analysis Study
سلاميون متطرفون في نيويورك تايمز: دراسة تحليل الخطاب النقدي

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Abstract

The current study is carried out in the field of Critical Discourse Analysis (henceforth CDA) for the analysis of articles taken from New York Times (henceforth NYC), as a representative for American media. The study rises the following questions: (1) How radical Islamists groups are tackled linguistically in the discourse of American newspapers? (2) Which type of modality is used heavily to reflect the ideologies of American newspapers? (3) Do American newspapers rely on a specific trigger in the production of news? (4) Do American newspapers consider radical Muslims as if they were representative for Islam or not? The study aims at: (1) Analyzing linguistically the discourse of newspapers to know what is the role of the American writers in the reproduction of racism, and discrimination in their discourse. (2) Examining the role of modality in presenting issues related to radical Islamists. (3) Finding out which presupposition trigger is used mostly in American newspapers. (4) Explaining the western view to Islam and Muslims. To achieve the aims of this study the following procedures are presented: (1) presenting a brief review about CDA and Radical Islamists. (2) Discussing the model used. (3) Analyzing the articles following van Dijk Dijk’s “News discourse” (1988) which is taken to handle the linguistic level of the study. Concerning the ideological level, van Dijk ‘s “Ideological Square” (1995b) is used. The study also uses Yule’s (1996) for the analysis of presupposition triggers. Keywords: critical discourse analysis, radical Islamists, American newspapers, modality,


Article
A Contrastive Intertextual Analysis of The American Constitution and Imam Ali's (p.b.u.h.) Epistle to Malik Al-Ashter
حليل متناقض بين الدساتير الأمريكية والإمام علي (p.b.u.h.) رسالة إلى مالك الأشتر

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Abstract

This study attempts to present an intertextual analysis of two texts, the American Constitution (henceforth, AC) , as one of the earliest secular written documents. It is written to regulate people's lives in America after the war of independence in the 18th century and Imam Ali's (p.b.u.h.) Epistle to Malik Al-Ashter (henceforth, IAE) as one of the earliest Islamic documents that is written in the 6th century for Malik Al-Ashter to help him in managing people's lives in Egypt. The two texts affect and affected by other texts. The study aims at showing how both texts are drawn on other texts and are influenced by them. Accordingly, it is hypothesised that AC is influenced by the Magna Charta whereas IAE is influenced by the Holy Quran and Prophet's Mohammed (p.b.u.h.) tradition. To investigate this hypothesis and reach the aim, the next procedure is followed: (1) Presenting a theoretical background of intertextual analysis. (2) Analysing the two texts selected according to Bazerman (2004) model of analysis.


Article
A STUDY OF INAM KACHACHI'S NOVEL TASHARI AS DIÁSPORA LITERATURE
راسة عن INAS KACHACHI NOVEL TASHARI AS أدب ديسبورا

Authors: Lec. Aseel K. Alrikabi, Ph.D.
Pages: 383-406
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Abstract

The present research deals with the phenomena of diaspora and the aftermath of the US occupation of Iraq in 2003. Inam Kachachi's novel, Tashari (2013), is about a Christian Iraqi woman, a doctor and a mother who relates the story of an Iraqi dispersed family seeking a homeland that is sliding from the hands of its citizens looking for another place to belong to. The novel previews the late circumstances, after 2003, that makes the Iraqi Muslim-Christian community split on itself. The aim of the study is to demonstrate how the status of Iraq was in the past and how it becomes after 2003 shedding light on the internal/external policies that led to the dispersion of the Iraqi people and to the loss of national Iraqi heritage. The study ends with a conclusion that sums up the main findings of the study.


Article
RHETORICAL AND RELATIONAL STRUCTURE OF JOKES IN "SHE STOOPS TO CONQUER"
الهيكل الأدبي والتشكيلي للنكات في "SHE STOPS TO CONQUER"

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Abstract

It is significant to be familiar with the relational indicators in the structure of jokes. This is considered as among the essential steps to disclose the underlying rhetorical and relational structure of texts in general and those of jokes in specific. In other words, relational indicators are one of the basic ways by which a reader can correctly and efficiently decode a text. This paper investigates the role of three kinds of relational indicators in a corpus of some jokes taken from "She Stoops to Conquer" to disclose the underlying rhetorical patterns, viz., the problem-solution patterns. The study comes out with the main finding that these patterns have different variations which are governed by the nature of their constituent elements and the way these elements interrelate. Based on its findings, the study comes out with a number of conclusions concerning how jokes are hierarchically structured and the role played by the relational indicators in such texts.

Keywords

rhetorical --- indicators --- jokes --- problem --- solution --- evaluation


Article
The method of appeal in explaining the Seraphim on the book Seboye reading in light of the theory of linguistic communication
أسلوب النِّداء في شرح السِّيرافيّ على كتاب سيبويه قراءة في ضوء نظريَّة التَّواصل اللِّساني

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Abstract

The call is a lot of speech in the words of the Arabs, as it is used in the first words of all the affection of the address to the speaker, and the structural structure of the call of the speaker is the one who sends votes indicate the appeal and address is a call to ask the turnout, and the appeal is very important in the syntax, The process of communication between people, because communication is not only through the tools of communication, and appeal; the speaker is the caller who sends the language message, and this message transmitted through the air to the caller any address, which in turn predicts E and pay attention to the speaker to accept it. This research is based on the approach of the appeal method as a tool for linguistic communication in explaining the book Sebwayh of Serafy (368 e) and knowledge of his vision emanating from the vision of Sebwayh of Arabic methods.


Article
What is the question? What is the meaning of asking?
ما السؤال؟ وما معنى أن نسأل؟

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Abstract

It is no secret to the questioner how important the question is. It is a typical tool in every knowledge; it is true or human, which is undoubtedly a central step in the transitions of this knowledge and in the development of its paths. Questions help to cultivate a kind of happy anxiety that in turn creates a pattern of movement that makes up the different side of one's existence in this world. In the latter analysis, man is an inquisitive animal; his questionability is the upper limit of his separation and his distinction from the remaining assets. The most important question is that the question is not only answers, but the answer goes beyond the question of another, for example, the level of poetry, the great poet is continuing to ask questions in its texts answer to the question in the creation of the poetic future.


Article
Foundations of knowledge of the appendages and their effect on the lack of approval
أُسس معرفة الزوائد وأَثرها في عدم الاستحسان

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Abstract

As long as we heard and learned the benefit of the balance of morphological defined conditions and the floor and what occurs from change this phrase may suspect that the balance of morphological is a tool known by these changes on the structure of the floor while the balance of morphological what is the only tool and tool to deliver information to the student shortest phrase either conditions and the floor and changes it is known by the foundations and put it scientists proof that we are we can weigh the floor not yet know the letters and assets and villi by the foundations and rules and this basis 1-derivation 2- lack of peer 3-prevail increase And found that scientists relied this bases in judgment on some opinions and not to approbation came this search to sheds light on the basis known by the villi of the hand meanwhile shows the opinions is undesirable in weight some words which took place dispute in how to and weighting and this occurred find in three sections the first :derivation and its impact on the non approbation and the second :the lack of peer and its impact on the non approbation and third: the predominance of the increase their impact on the non approbation.


Article

Article
The grammatical criticism of al-Mawradi is an example
النقد النحويّ عند المراديّ المرفوعات من الأسماء أنموذجًا

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Abstract

In this research, I tried to explain the critical feature that was adopted by Al Hasan Ibn Qasim Al Muradi who was one of the unique Arab grammarians (died in 749 AH). There are two reasons behind studying such an object : The first is about the criticism field. This domain reflects the scientific ability and the intellectual production of the writer. Also it develops and increases the ideas. The second one is about the text that represents the body of the study. Any writer, who scrutinises the books of Al Muradi, will find mature science and grammatical intellect that can cover the opinions of the preceding grammarians; and will find out that it offers most of their critical opinions. This is due to the writer's wide scope of the grammatical thinking, and the knowledge about the roots of grammatical make up such as listening, measuring and... etc. As it is clear, this research contains a preface, two papers, and a conclusion. I dealt with the preface in the criticism language and terminology, and the first section of the study of criticism related to the expenditures in the nominal sentence, and the second study of criticism related to the expenditures in the actual sentence, and then came the conclusion bear the most important results of this study.


Article
Absence of the concept of cultural memory in the post-colonial discourse
تغييب مفهوم الذاكرة الثقافية في خطاب ما بعد الاستعمار

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Abstract

This study tries hard to discuss the cultural memory issues in a context different from that of postcolonial novel. This context is basically interested in memory and memory in action where the latter controls a narrative discourse resists any sort of termination. If remembering is an ideal formula to retrieve past, a place, a narrative and a world had gone and fallen apart, termination in this sense in no doubt is an elimination of trace. The discourse of postcolonialism used history as a criterion to analyze colonial discourse and literature of colonized people with. In such policy we underestimated the memory and its issues, in mean time deprived the analysis from vast and major possibilities. One has to admit memory studies are a developing main critical instrument, and certainly main critical body, so far, spinning around Edward Said theories. Nevertheless, the body of these studies did not produce an Arabic knowledge with the shape or the model of the colonialism that founded modern Arabic states/ countries. This is a major issue Arab critics had to start from. But instead they chose to extend the body of Said theories, plus what any share added by his colleagues. The Arabic criticism repeated the same thoughts, I am afraid, yet it neglected the memories and related matters.


Article
Spatial variation of agricultural tenure and its relation to agricultural land queries in Hilla district
التباين المكاني لحجم الحيازة الزراعية وعلاقتها باستعلامات الارض الزراعية في قضاء الحلة

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Abstract

The research aims at identifying the most prominent legal reformers of the land, namely, the leasing law (35) for the year 1983 and the law of 117 of 1970 on contracts and distribution, as well as the spatial variation of the area of agricultural holdings by district in the district of Hilla, And to identify this disparity between the areas of the study area and what is prevailing in the region as well as knowledge of the most important pros and cons of these laws and their disadvantages and whichever is the most among the laws of agrarian refor.And The purpose of the research is to know the meaning of agricultural tenure and the concept of agricultural land uses.


Article
Natural Factors Relation to the Uses of Agricultural Land in the Hashemite Region
العوامل الطبيعية علاقتها باستعمالات الأرض الزراعية في قضاء الهاشمية

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Abstract

The natural conditions of different elements of the climate, such as heat, precipitation, solar radiation, wind and humidity, as well as soil, water resources, and other natural plants, have continued to determine the location of agricultural activities Although it could change the effect of some of these natural factors for the benefit of the process of production and try to adapt to it, this intervention remains limited and varies from place to place as each region has its natural conditions that distinguish them from others and subject to agricultural land uses of natural controls Badr The study examined the most important natural factors of soil, soil, water resources, climate and varied uses of agricultural land according to the variety of natural factors available in the study area. The study showed that there are spatial relations for the uses of agricultural land Due to the overlap of the influence of natural factors to the emergence of such relationships, the cultivation of various agricultural crops near the areas of basins ranked first to provide the natural factors of soil, water and other natural factors while less and less agriculture in the Areas away from rivers and limited to the cultivation of some crops that bear the scarcity of water and soil moisture, such as the marshes, marshes and sand dunes.


Article
Geological analysis of the reality of solid waste management in Hilla city
تحليل جغرافي لواقع ادارة النفايات الصلبة في مدينة الحلة

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Abstract

The solid waste management in the city of Hilla is one of the important issues that the city's municipality pays great attention to in order to preserve the health and safety of man and the environment. This research aims to identify the solid waste, its sources, methods and methods used in its management through the collection and transport operations until the final disposal of them. In recent years, the city suffers from the problem of accumulation of waste and a clear lack of municipal management in it. Population increase and lack of cadres and financial allocations.


Article
Mardin Geography and its relation to the Ayyubid state (570-658 AH / 1174-1259 CE)
ماردين جغرافيتها وعلاقتها بالدولة الأيوبية (570-658هـ/1174-1259م)

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Abstract

The subject of our study (Mardin study in general conditions from (570 to 658 AH / 1174-1259), is of great importance, and it is no secret that the study of cities and the developments in their political, economic and social aspects, very carefully in historical studies, and it is known that the cities were not Which existed before Islam, including what emerged after the Islamic conquests, as new cities were established and Mardin was one of the cities that appeared before Islam in the province of the island of Euphrates. Mardin is considered one of the richest cities that contributed to the establishment of the borders of the Arab Islamic State and repelled the attacks of the forces that were attached to it. It has a clear impact on spreading Islam and establishing the Arab-Islamic presence in those areas far from the capital of the Arab Islamic State. The history of the Arab-Islamic through the ages, especially in the sixth and seventh century AH / II and the thirteenth century AD, as this was an important stage in the history of political and military, as the extension of the influence of the Ayyubid and the influence of the island of the Euphrates and extend their influence on all cities Including Mardin.


Article
The role of England in the resolution of the European dispute over Sicily, 1284-1289
دور انكلترا في حل النزاع الاوربي حول صقلية1284-1289

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Abstract

بذل ملك انكلترا ادوارد الاول(1272-1307) مجهودا كبيرا من اجل منع قيام حرب في اوروبا تكون اطرافها فرنسا ومملكة اراغون الاسبانية وغيرها من الدول فضلا عن البابوية, حيث الصراع من اجل السيطرة على جزيرة صقلية الاستراتيجية التي تقع على البحر المتوسط, وكان دافع ملك انكلترا في ذلك هو رغبته بالقيام بحملة صليبية الى الاراضي المقدسة بقيادة انكلترا ومشاركة ممالك اوروبا الغربية وهذا يحتاج الى استقرار وسلام في القارة الاوربية, يمنع استنزاف مواردها التي هو بأمس الحاجة اليها للقيام بتلك الحملة, وتلك الحرب ان حدثت تؤثر على الاوضاع الاقتصادية في دوقية جاسكوني آخر الممتلكات الانكليزية في فرنسا, لذلك فان ملك انكلترا لم يدخر جهدا لمنع وقوع تلك الحرب واستطاع من النجاح في ذلك الى حد كبير.


Article
The United States of America incorporated the Louisiana 1803-1815 causes and implications
ضم الولايات المتحدة الامريكية لولاية لويزيانا 1803-1815 الاسباب والتداعيات

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The purchase of Louisiana from Napoleon is a historic deal that doubled the territory of the United States without military intervention and that Jefferson's acquisition of Louisiana has transformed the political landscape as a new market for the export and marketing of their goods to it because of Louisiana from the site of strategically important and enormous economic wealth by The Mississippi Valley is an important port in the US trade of goods such as fur and other goods as well as a new market for the export of surplus slaves from other states.


Article
William McKinley and his political activity in the United States 1896-1901
وليام ماكينلي ونشاطه السياسي في الولايات المتحدة الأمريكية 1896- 1901

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William McKinley is Considered one of the heads of Prominent Republicans in the United States, and is considered the period of his presidency during the years 1897 - 1901 for the United States of key moments in American history in general and the Republican Party in particular, he was able to achieve economic prosperity to its policy of internal and became the United States in the custody of a global power over foreign policy through control and expansion across the country in the world, as he helped the United States to enter the twentieth century as a new and powerful empire on the world stage. This research included an introduction, three sections and a conclusion, taking the first section of his birth and upbringing until 1896, while the second section guarantees the policy and its internal affairs to the president from 1896 to 1898, and the third section included his political and foreign relations from 1898 to 1901.


Article
Matthew Al-Rahawi Source of the crusades of the Crusades Zimses on the East 359-366 / 969-976
متى الرُهاوي مصدراً لحملات زيميسكس الصليبية على الشرق359-366ه/969-976م دراسة تحليلية مقارنة

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This study Purpose at defining the life of the Armenian historian Matta al-Rahawi, which is almost unknown. His well-known book on the history of Matthew al-Rahawi is one of the most important Armenian sources dealing with the Crusades. The campaigns of the Byzantine Empire were the beginning of the Crusades, This paper deals with a comparative comparative study between the time of the Rahawi and the Islamic and non-Islamic sources


Article
The conscious control of university students
التحكم المدرك لدى طلبة الجامعة

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The research aimed to identify the perceived control of university students and the differences of statistical significance according to sex and academic field. To achieve these aims, the researchers adopted the measurement prepared by Rothbaum and et al (1982). After verifying the validity and reliability of the scale, it was applied to a sample of (600) male and female students from the faculties of the University of Babylon .after the statistical processing of the data shows that the university students enjoy perceved control and there are differences according to the gender variable in favor of males and there are no differences according to academic field.


Article
Experimental wisdom and its relation to the creative self-efficacy of university students
الحكمة الاختبارية وعلاقتها بفاعلية الذات الابداعية لدى طلبة الجامعة

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يسعى البحث الحالي الى تعرف العلاقة الارتباطية بين الحكمة الاختبارية وفاعلية الذات الابداعية لدى طلبةالجامعة، ولذلك قامت الباحثة بتبني مقياس (t al,1965 Milliman,e) للحكمة الاختبارية، وتبني مقياسabbutt,2010)) لفاعلية الذات الابداعية، ومن ثم قامت الباحثة بالتحقق من صدق هذين المقياسين وثباتهما على عينة (401) طالب وطالبة من طلبة جامعة بابل، اختيروا بالطريقة العشوائية، ومن ثم تم احتسبت درجات كل مقياس، وحللت البيانات احصائيا باستعمال اختبار التائي لعينة واحدة، والاختبار التائي لعينتين مستقلتين، ومعامل ارتباط بيرسون، ومربع كاي (كا2)، وتحليل التباين الثنائي، واختبار (شيفيه) للمقارنة البعدية وخلص البحث الى جملة من النتائج هي : 1_ان متوسط الحكمة الاختبارية لدى طلبة الجامعة كانت بدرجة أعلى من المتوسط الفرضي. 2_عدم وجود فروق معنوية بين الذكور والاناث في الحكمة الاحتبارية. 3_ ان هناك فروقا معنوية بين طلبة التخصص العلمي وطلبة التخصص الانساني ي الحكمة الاحتبارية لمصلحة طلبة التخصص الانساني. 4_ان هناك فروقا معنوية في الحكمة الاختبارية تعزى الى تأثير التفاعل بين متغيري الجنس والتخصص. 5_ان متوسطات فاعلية الذات الابداعية لدى طلبة الجامعة كانت بدرجة أعلى من المتوسط الفرضي. 6_ان هناك فروقا معنوية بين الذكور والاناث في فاعلية الذات الابداعية لمصلحة الذكور. 7_ان هناك فروقا معنوية بين طلبة التخصص العلمي وطلبة التخصص الانساني في فاعلية الذات الابداعية لمصلحة طلبة التخصص الانساني. 8_ ان هناك فروقا معنوية في فاعلية الذات الابداعية تعزى الى تأثير التفاعلي بين متغيري الجنس والتخصص. 9_ان قيمة معامل الارتباط بين الحكمة الاختبارية وفاعلية الذات الابداعية ضعيفة ولا توجد دالة احصائية بين المتغيرين.


Article
The concepts of geographic information systems acquired by the students of geography department from their geography study
مفاهيم نظم المعلومات الجغرافية التي يكتسبها طلبة قسم الجغرافية من دراستهم مادة الجغرافية

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Abstract

The geographic relationship with geographical information systems is not confined to the location of the geographical location or geographical event, but studied and linked the different elements that this place brings together . The current research aims at: 1-What geographic information systems acquired by the students of the third stage geography section of their study of geography . 2-Are there any statistically significant differences between males and females in their acquisition of information systems concepts? Current research is limited to : 1-Students of the third stage department of geography , fuclty of Basic Education , Babylon University. 2-Book of geographic information systems which is taught in the third stage ,the first term . 3-School year 2016-2017 In the study , the researcher adopted descriptive research methodology because it fits the native of the research. The researcher constructed a test of choice of the type of multiple three alternatives and the test of (20) items represent geographical information systems . The current research the most important results: The number of geographic information systems acquired by the students was 8 geographical concepts while the number of concepts was not gained was twelve.

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