Table of content

Alustath

الاستاذ

ISSN: 0552265X 25189263
Publisher: Baghdad University
Faculty: Education Ibn Rushd
Language: Arabic and English

This journal is Open Access

About

About the magazine
Issued by the Faculty of Education, Ibn Rushd scientific journal entitled (Journal of the professor), was her first release in 1952. In the beginning. It deals with scientific research, literature and the Arab and Islamic civilization, and contributes to the professors of colleges according to their competence to define the educational community in the Arab countries and abroad.
• the name of the magazine: -Alustath( Professor)
• Produced by: - Faculty of Education / Ibn Rushd
• the international number ((ISSN)):-0552-265X/E-2518-9263
• E-mail to the magazine: - alustath.journal@ircoedu.uobaghdad.edu.iq
• Year Released: --1952
• Type of release (quarterly, semi-annual): - quarterly.

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Email : alustath.journal@ircoedu.uobaghdad.edu.iq

Table of content: 2018 volume:1 issue:226

Article
Style features in Chalk Door Novel
ملامح الأسلوب في رواية باب الطباشير

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This research examines a distinctive narrative text (the chalk door) of a prominent writer at the level of Iraqi and Arab culture, writer (Ahmed Saadawi). This research examines that novel in the light of the stylistic linguistic approach, which relies on the linguistic structure of the literary text to study it, no doubt That fiction is one of the most appropriate literary genres for stylistic study, for the richness of the narrative text in different linguistic compositions and methods. The study included the three stylistic levels of study: morphological level, grammar level, and semantic level, surpassing level of the voice, which we cannot study in these texts. This study revealed distinctive stylistic features, which were performed by the texts of the novel, which will be disclosed in detail in the course of the research.


Article
The study of time element in Maghamate Lozumiyeh by Abu Taher Serghesti according to Gerard GenetteThe study of time element in Maghamate Lozumiyeh by Abu Taher Serghesti according to Gerard Genette
عنصر الزمان في المقامات اللزومية للسرقسطي(ت528 هـ) وفقا لمنهج (جيرار جينيت)

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Maghamate Lozumiyeh by Abu Taher Serghesti is one of the most important literary sources of Andalusia literature and time element is one of the most striking elements that is revealed in these Maghamat. Therefore, this element is significant due to an important role in narrated works in revealing the meaning. That is why it has attracted many critics and researchers’ attention. Hence, the basic issue in narrated context, is the time problem. Gérard Genette’s research is one of the most important scientific projects in this field that distinguished in three dimensions between time of the story and the anecdote and they are: order, continuity and sequence. The author relying on the analytical method and with regard to Genette and his followers’ scheme has analyzed time element in these Maghamat. From the results of this article we can conclude that in most of Maghamate Lozumiyeh, order links have got schematic balance in a way that the incidents are compatible with reality temporally. As Maghamat’s incidents are not repeated because of framework’s limitations and the article text size and the narrator has replaced some other expressions instead. However, comparing to continual links, Maghamat are full of two techniques of Liberating and scenery


Article
Dawn of the thyme in the fuller of the praise) Hafiz Imam Jalal al-Din al-Suyuti (T 911H)
(فجر الثمد في اعراب أكمل الحمد ) للحافظ الإمام جلال الدين السيوطي ( ت 911هـ)

Pages: 31-44
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Abstract

the meanings of it, so he sent an Arab Qur'an to those who had a heart or heard a martyr, and prayers and peace on those who are mosques of the words, and the ruling and the separation of speech – Sayyidina Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and his followers Religious Day 0 The motive for writing and investigating the dawn of the Thracian is to convey the fullest praise that we have in our hands. Which prompted me to achieve it is that I have seen it in the books of the Al Suyuti of fatwas in the investigation of Sheikh Mohamed Mohieddin Abdel Hamid but the Sheikh did not achieve the investigation that satisfies the purpose, all that he did the show of the book, not to mention the existence of some disagreement between the print and the manuscript, they remained a separate copy in the head In the lion's library, I did not stand on all those who wrote about the Al Suyuti mentioning this message, it took a space in my mind and committed to achieve it despite its smallness and committed to achieve the message: 1-Edit the text according to contemporary spelling rules, and adjust it in shape. 2-The graduation of Qur'anic verses and poetry and their seizure in form. 3. To take care to achieve the issues mentioned by the author in the letter and comment on what he saw in need of it. 4. Documenting the opinions and statements contained in the books mentioned in the letter. 5, Translation of the information contained in the letter.


Article
Iraq Stock Exchange.. Reality and future prospects/ Neural network analysis
سوق العراق للأوراق المالية ... الواقع والآفاق المستقبلية/ التحليل باستخدام اسلوب الشبكات العصبية

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In this research, the method of neural networks was applied to analyze the impact of inflation on the performance of the Iraqi market for securities for the period from 1/1/2005 to 1/9/2011 because of this method of great importance in conducting the analysis and study the impact and forecast on the performance of the Iraqi market for securities, The results showed that the application of the method of neural networks gave the results of high accuracy in the estimation, where a total of squares of error and a very small value was obtained, as well as the study of the effect of the variables causing inflation


Article
The Conditional "If" for Arab Scholars
" لو" الشرطية عند المعربين

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Abstract

Arabs: verse and prose and specially in Quranic text and the possibility of its variety in its syntactic context with reference to its straightness specific and general meanings. This research presents the literary meaning of 'if' and its kinds, then it explains its meanings for the Arabic scholars through the following research aspects: -Prohibited conditional 'if', and its meanings, rules and its answer -Non- prohibited conditional 'if', and its meanings and rules. -The mutual constrains between the two conditions of ' if' followed by some Quranic texts .

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Article
Lamentation of Ibn Al-Rumi to Abu Al-Husain Yahiya Bin Umar Bin Al Hussein Bin Zaid Bin Ali(May Allah be pleased with him) Social artistic vision
رثاء ابن الرومي لأبي الحسين يحيى بن عمر بن الحسين بن زيد بن علي- رضي الله عنه - رؤية فنية اجتماعية

Authors: م.د. إسراء طارق كامل
Pages: 95-118
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Lamentations have formed an important theme throughout the successive periods of Arab poetry, especially the Abbasid period, for the multifaceted and humanistic aspects of this original poetic purpose, on the one hand, and because it transcends merely a positive emotional attitude of the elusive and negative people and life on the other. It is also worthy of research and guidance, and it is important to know the importance of human life and its causes. And its poets deserve attention . It was "the son of Rumi" who lived a life filled with oppression and injustice, one of the most prominent poets of this purpose and notify it, and seems to be overlooked as much as the poet and value this was motivated by the Astitharh carefully study a range of modern researchers, led by "Akkad" who Straighten him a complete study titled " son Abrome his life from his hair, "Abdul Hamid good in his study" Ibn Al-Rumi spelling "and other studies that have tried to explore this Mknunat felt Ahaaraly technical and substantive levels. With regard to the purpose of lamentation, the scholars unanimously agreed on the distinction of Ibn al-Rumi in it, and enabled him to know his data, especially the technical ones, but what is taken on these studies interest in certain poems other than the poet in this regard, especially those inherited by his children without paying attention to other poems The poet sang in religious and social figures that had an impact on changing the behavior of the society by diagnosing its shortcomings and standing up against the oppression and oppression practiced by the ruling authority against some of them, especially the "students" who suffered from the marginalization and persecution of power. and supporter of the family of Ali bin AbiTalib ( The poet of the poems, which included the heat of the passion and honesty, and the high level of artistic which provided the poet these characters, especially their hero, "Hussein bin Yahiya ibn Umar bin Zaid bin Ali" In this regard, because it included the sincerity of emotion, and creativity in the embodiment of poetic images coated with verbal templates, the poet's keenness to choose the most beautiful and plush; to fit the status of the lure and the end of the greatness he chose for himself, not a monk in a moral unit that the impact in the poem that included beyond One hundred percent, the visions of the Poet were gathered Life, time, alarm, and patience, which we tried to study, taking the technical and social approaches to uncover the meanings of the poem artistically and objectively .

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Article
Types of place in the Novel (Hollow Earth) of the Roai Abdulhadi al-Fartousi (Analytical study)
أنواع المكان فى رواية ( الأرض الجوفاء ) للروائي عبدالهادي الفرطوسي (دراسة تحليلية)

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This research relies on the tawili approach, in order to discover the truth of the literary discourse, and to stand on its aesthetics, by talking about the narrative place with its three sections: the realistic place, which is the place in the narrative text as in reality, taking the same name, and bearing the same qualities. and the optional place (Wadi Shinafiyah). The miraculous place is a place that ends up in various spaces where it is difficult to establish a historical or factual reference. One of the motives behind the preparation of this research is that the narrative is of great importance, and is an important element of the narrative within the fiction, and even though it exceeds its role as a backdrop for events, it reveals profound connotations, which are sometimes described by the technique of description, the use of the symbol, and the third by images . Moreover, our approach to this element does not come in isolation from other elements of the novel, based on the fact that it is a technical focus in which the elements of the novel converge and are intertwined, and that the correct understanding of it can only be seen in relation to it


Article
Forming a question of identification belonging in Iraqi novel
تشكّل سؤال الانتماء الهوياتي في الرواية العراقية روايات تحت سماء كوبنهاغن , لحوراء النداوي والحفيدة الامريكية, لانعام كجة جي وجائزة التوأم, لميسلون هادي(أنموذجاً)

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The novel deliberately operates on a set of rich perceptions that moves identification reality, because it has technologies enabling it to access to formulate overall outline, focuses on identification belonging and courses of its movements with different stages due to growing clashes and imposing the constraints that pushes the individual to rely his important belongings such as Reference ID task, because it is a cases primary associate with Being , self and relationship with the place, and launching the novel to talk about identity but it be done with an important incentive related that suffering from losing the features and Endogenous determinants and, And stay away from the place who owns larger identity(homeland) and Rooting the identity that is associated with awareness rooting in dealing with others, promoting the entity to isolate it for fear of melting in it leads to a lack of understanding of its limits, in spite of the huge constraints imposed on the number of the communities, particularly the Iraqi society, in particular to promote the Identification especially in circumstances of migrations which overthrew many categories , and moved it to spread in different environments, and dealing with different identities, is in its meaning (the other) who embodies religious and national and various other national and linguistic identities


Article
Mnipulation in the States of Jihad... Study in the discourse of extremist groups
الدلالة الإيهامية الموظّفة في آيات الجهاد دراسة في خطاب الجماعات المتطرّفة

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The extremist jihadist discourse contains Qur'anic texts intended to justify its brutal actions, which are far from the tolerant spirit of Islam, and its precise legislation in the concept of jihad, in which many verses of the Holy Qur'an were taken; Jihad, forbidding fighting, delicts to peace, and holding alliances. The jihadist rhetoric of Osama bin Laden, Abu Musab al-Zarqawi, Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi and the extremist electronic sites includes a number of Qur'anic verses, as they attempt to dye their actions by the income of certain verses, as well as to seek to deceive the youth of the nation and to lure them into the Souh Terrorism, and convince them that these acts of terror are the true face of Islam that Allah Almighty wants. When the Qur'anic texts were thoroughly examined, they were found in truncated texts of Qur'anic verses, or an entire verse extracted from their general context, which made it easier to channel their significance to what they intended, and also stood for certain language features in the jihad, which were not sufficiently familiar with the language laws And its systems, they are delusional in an extremist connotation marketed to him; the extremist discourse has stated that it is indicative of its terrorist approach, which is rejected by all humanitarian, as well as celestial norms. So I was looking to study the most prominent verses of jihad, a study that shows the worsening of the extremist discourse of these verses and the character of their significance away from the connotation shown by the Qur'anic context, and also indicated the motives of the linguistic illusion in those verses, which helped the extremist discourse to benefit from those texts to commercialize terrorism and legitimize it in the belief of its grassroots base.


Article
Baba Taheer Hemdany And Pantheism In His Double Distiches Lecturer
بابا طاهر الهمداني و وحدة الوجود في رباعياتە

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This research, which is prepared under the title Baba TaheerHemdany and pantheism in his double distiches is a literary & philosophical annalistically research. The study also explains his personality which is full of discussion and till now there are many problems to know his personality. One part of the study consists a strong relation between the poet and (Yarsan) religion which is beliefs in Transmigration of souls and effectuation of zeradushtra, Christian and Jewish. In the other hand there is minuteness by Iranian and Kurdish critics about his pout and his ethnic. At the end of thesis a number of conclusions are drawn which have pointed out by the researcher. the research ends with a list of the Bibliography that have been utilized in its preparation.

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Article
Social Reading of Saudi women situations in Banat Al- Ryadh of Rajaa Al – Saane
القراءة الاجتماعية لظروف المرأة السعودية في رواية بنات الرياض :

Authors: رجاء الصانع
Pages: 189-210
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The identification of social, cultural themes, on base of social point of view can show us the real pictures of the time the writer of the novel live in. In this paper, we try to consider the various layers in Banat Ryadh (Riadh's Daughters), the novel of Rajaa AlSaane. The famous writer of Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, in Banat Ryadh, with realistic view, was manifested the abnormal situation of his generation in KSA.The writer's multilateral acquaintance of district and area, the creation of strong language and descriptions, the lovely and touchable personalities, the direct and attractiveness narration, the real and belivable representation of cultural,opinions and troubles of the people, the honesly pictures of traditionalism, are the important social factors in this novel. Raja AlSaane in this novel, with symbolic language, criticized the social and cultural condition of the women in KSA.She has described the women spiritual crisis and their interior paradoxes and contradictions

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