Table of content

Alustath

الاستاذ

ISSN: 0552265X 25189263
Publisher: Baghdad University
Faculty: Education Ibn Rushd
Language: Arabic and English

This journal is Open Access

About

About the magazine
Issued by the Faculty of Education, Ibn Rushd scientific journal entitled (Journal of the professor), was her first release in 1952. In the beginning. It deals with scientific research, literature and the Arab and Islamic civilization, and contributes to the professors of colleges according to their competence to define the educational community in the Arab countries and abroad.
• the name of the magazine: -Alustath( Professor)
• Produced by: - Faculty of Education / Ibn Rushd
• the international number ((ISSN)):-0552-265X/E-2518-9263
• E-mail to the magazine: - alustath.journal@ircoedu.uobaghdad.edu.iq
• Year Released: --1952
• Type of release (quarterly, semi-annual): - quarterly.

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Contact info

Email : alustath.journal@ircoedu.uobaghdad.edu.iq

Table of content: 2018 volume:3 issue:226

Article
The Extent of the Arabic language Teachers Practice in the Intermediate Stage for the Modern Teaching Skills from the point of view of the Managers and Supervisors in Iraq
مدى ممارسة مدرسي اللغة العربية في المرحلة المتوسطة للكفايات التدريسية الحديثة من وجهة المديرين والمشرفين في العراق

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The study aims to know the extent of the Arabic language teachers practice in the intermediate stage for the modern teaching skills from the point of view of the managers and supervisors in Iraq. The study sample consisted of (125) teachers within Maysan Education Directorate, they were 65 female teachers, 60 male teachers. To apply the study, the researchers prepared the study subject representing by questionnaire of modern teaching skills. The point of view of the managers and the supervisors in Iraq was medium, where the first stage was the Field of Planning with an average of (3.02), second stage was the Field of Class Administration with an average of (2.95), the Field of Implementation came in the third stage with an average of (2.93), the fourth stage was the Field of Calendar with an average of (2.91)and finally in the fifth stage was the Field of Activities and Teaching Aids with an average of (2.88).There are differences due to the gender, educational qualification and teaching experience. For the results, the study produced many recommendations and suggestions.


Article
Methods of conservation and memorization among the students of the faculty of education ibn Rushd for the human sciences of general psychology
اساليب الحفظ والاستذكار لدى طلبة كلية التربية/ابن رشد للعلوم الإنسانية في مادة علم النفس العام والتربوي

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The current research aims to identify the methods of memorizing and remembering the students of the first stage in the Faculty of Education/Ibn Rushd for humanities in the subject of general psychology and education, and may be the research community (540) students and students in the morning studies, distributed among (7) scientific departments, namely: (Department of English language, Department of Arabic, History Department, Geographical Section, Department of Educational and Psychological Sciences, Department of Kurdish language (the study found the following: The method provided by the (Athaber) to read the hard materials to be understood on a weighted medium (3, 52) and weight Celsius (88%) In the first place, while the method that reads (Make a special file for each study material to facilitate the process of memorizing and remembering the last place in the list of methods chosen by students, in a weighted medium (2, 02) and weight Celsius (51%).


Article
Occupational Competence of educational Counselors and Its relationship to Empathy and Openness Experience
الكفاية المهنية لدى المرشدين التربويين وعلاقتها بالتعاطف والانفتاح على الخبرة

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The current research aims to know the nature of the relationship between the research variables: the Occupational competence of educational counselors and their relationship to empathy and openness to experience. The research sample was (200) educational counselors from Educational Baghdad (Karkh and Rusafa). It has been applied measurements of (Occupational competence, empathy, and openness to experience). Using the Pearson correlation coefficient and the t-test, Positive correlations are statistically significant (Occupational competence), empathy (and openness to experience)


Article
Evaluation of social textbook for the fifth grade in the light of the quality standardsh
تقويم كتاب الاجتماعيات للصف الخامس الابتدائي في ضوء معايير الجودة

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The research aims to evaluate the social Book of the fifth primary safat in the light of quality standards The researcher used the descriptive curriculum, the researcher prepared a list of the quality criteria of the social book for the fifth grade and the list was built in the light of a sample survey reached (50) personnel of the laboratory material Social and specialized in quality and specialized in the curriculum of the Ministry of Education as well as the review of researches and literature related to the evaluation and analysis of textbooks, the number of standards presented to (12) of the arbitrators and the competence of the curriculum and methods of teaching, measurement and evaluation and the application of the tool On the social book for the fourth grade elementary according to the list of criteria analysis and re-analysis of a researcher after two (30) days to measure stability over time and then the researcher and the first analyst and I urge him and the second analyst and the first analyst and the second I used the Cooper equation to calculate the agreement and appeared coefficient Overall stability (0.84), and then apply the tool to achieve the objective of the search results showed: the lack of quality standards in the six areas is highly available. The criteria are only partially available


Article
Iraq Stock Exchange.. Reality and future prospects/ Neural network analysis
سوق العراق للأوراق المالية ... الواقع والآفاق المستقبلية/ التحليل باستخدام اسلوب الشبكات العصبية

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In this research, the method of neural networks was applied to analyze the impact of inflation on the performance of the Iraqi market for securities for the period from 1/1/2005 to 1/9/2011 because of this method of great importance in conducting the analysis and study the impact and forecast on the performance of the Iraqi market for securities, The results showed that the application of the method of neural networks gave the results of high accuracy in the estimation, where a total of squares of error and a very small value was obtained, as well as the study of the effect of the variables causing inflation


Article
The difficulty of teaching and taught "Geomorphology " from the viewpoint of Teachersand student of geography departments in the college of education.
صعوبة تعليم مادة الجيومورفولوجي وتعلمها من وجهة نظر تدريسيي وطلبة أقسام الجغرافية في كليات التربية

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The research aims to identify the difficulties of teaching and learning geomorphological from the point of view of the study of the material and students of geographical sections and propose solutions for them In order to achieve the objectives of the research, a sample of (18) teaching staff and (120) students were selected, distributed to four universities as well as distributing a questionnaire included six areas (66) the field of educational objectives, teaching methods, laboratory and teaching aids, calendar and exams, students and field Book The questionnaire was also distributed to students, including five areas, which included 61 paragraphs covering the teacher's field, teaching methods, laboratory and teaching aids, calendar and exams, and the book After the application, the data were statistically processed, the difficulties were ranked downward and solutions were provided to address those difficulties


Article
and its relationship to Emotional Divorce Domestic Violence
العنف الأسري وعلاقته بالطلاق العاطفي

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The problem of the research is represented by answering the following question : Is there a relationship between Domestic Violence and the Emotional Divorce ? The importance of this research is linked on its variables as follow : 1-The search provides clear view of the Domestic Violence . 2-The search provides clear view of the Emotional Divorce . 3-The search provides two scales to measure both the Domestic Violence and the Emotional Divorce . The aims of the search : 1-Measuring the Domestic Violence of the orderlies and nurses . 2 - Measuring the Emotional Divorce of the orderlies and nurses . 3-Knowing the relationship between the Domestic Violence and the Emotional Divorce . To achieve the aims of the research , the researcher did the below : Constricted a scale for Domestic Violence and Emotional Divorce which consisted of (24 ) items , after finishing conditions of validity reliability and distinguishing the items , The search limits to the orderlies and nurses at health directions in AL Rusaffa , Baghdad governorate Ministry of Health for the year 2017 , , the selected sample consists of (300) as orderlies and nurses (120) males and (180) females ,the search depends on descriptive method ,to achieve the objectives of the search , the researcher has applied the 2 scales on the search sample , using the bag statistical (SPSS) the data has analyzed . the researcher comes up to the following : 1-The Search Sample have demostic violence . 2 - The Search Sample have Emotional Divorce . 3-There is a relationship between demostic violence and emotional divorce The researcher recommends : 1-Educational programmes to get rid of violence at all its forms specially the domestic violence . 2-Add educational marriage at the final stage of the study to make the young a wear of the marriage responsibility .

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Article
Evaluation of the social books for the sixth grade from the point of view of and teachers
تقويم كتاب الاجتماعيات للصف السادس الابتدائي من وجهة نظر المعلمين والمعلمات

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The research aims to identify (the evaluation of the social book for the sixth grade from the point of view of teachers and teachers) The research aims to identify (the evaluation of the social book for the sixth grade from the point of view of teachers and teachers( The research community included the teachers and teachers who study the social books for the sixth grade of primary school in Baghdad governorate (931) teachers for the academic year (2016-2017(. To achieve the research objective, the researcher chose a sample of (187) teachers and (20%). The researcher used the questionnaire as a tool for research. It consisted of (81) paragraphs distributed over (8) fields, which were presented to the experts and their apparent honesty, the statistical means used in the research (weighted mean and percentage weight) researcher 1-The book needs an introduction describing the most basic ideas, and supports sociaeducation. 2-The book needs to be satisfied with the acceptance and acceptance of learners, and takes into account individual differences between them

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Article
Effect of using a proposed method in teaching physics at the skill of the experiment the fourth-grade science students their application Physical principles
أثر استخدام أسلوب مقترح في تدريس مادة الفيزياء في مهارة إجراء التجربة لدى طلاب الصف الرابع العلمي وتطبيقهم المبادئ الفيزيائية

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The current research aims to identify (the effect of using a proposed method in teaching physics at the skill of the experiment at the fourth-grade science students and their application of physical principles. The researcher adopted the experimental design of the two groups. The number of students in the research sample reached (59) students of the fourth grade of the secondary school of Ibn al-Fadr under the General Directorate for the education of Diyala / Khalis for the academic year 2016-2017 divided between two divisions, (B) and (B) to represent the experimental group studied in the proposed method. The researcher also constructed the skill test level for the physics subject of (10) paragraphs , And verified the authenticity of its content, presented to a group of specialists , And was applied to a sample to ascertain the veracity of the vertebrae, and was confirmed by the stability of the equation Koderrichardson 20, and was a coefficient of stability (0.72), and was confirmed the strength of discriminatory paragraphs, and the coefficient of difficulty, and the effectiveness of alternatives. The researcher constructed the test applied to the physical principles of physics consisting of (30) objective paragraphs of the type of multiple choice, and verified the validity of its content, presented to a group of specialists, and then applied to a sample survey to ensure the clarity of paragraphs, The coefficient of stability was 0.77, and the discriminant force of its vertebrates, the coefficient of difficulty, and the effectiveness of its substitutions were determined. Using the t-test, with the ends of two independent samples, the null hypothesis was tested. - There is a statistically significant difference between the grades of the experimental group students who studied in the proposed method and the students of the control group who studied in the usual way and for the benefit of the experimental group in the measure of application of the physical principles. - There is a difference of statistical significance between the grades of students of the experimental group who studied in the proposed method and students of the control group who studied in the usual way and for the benefit of the experimental group in the scale of the skill of conducting the experiment. 1- Adopting the proposed method in teaching the physics subject and inserting it into curriculum syllabus and teaching methods in the faculties of education. 2 - Conduct similar studies in several materials and stages to identify their impact in other variables.

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Article
Classroom Management faced by the math teachers of the preparatory Schools
مشكلات الإدارة الصفية التي يواجهها مدرسو رياضيات المرحلة الاعدادية

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The current research aims to identify the problems with classroom management school math middle school through the verification of the following two hypotheses: 1. There is no classroom management problems facing teachers in middle school mathematics . 2.There is no difference is statistically significant at the level of significance (0.50) in the classroom management problems due to the length of service (less than 5 years) and (5 years or more). The limited research on teachers of mathematics middle school day in the Directorate-General for Education Baghdad's Karkh / 2 for the academic year 2016-2017m, and get the results have been statistically processing the data using the weighted average used to know the severity of the problem and its significance, weight percentile used to extract the severity of the problem and its significance, and Chi-square used to know statistical significance depending on the variable length of service (less than 5 years ") and (5 years and more). The findings from the study that the number of problems with this questionnaire in the first top half (14) problem ranged degrees of strength of the educational problems between the upper limit amid a weighted (429.4) and the lowest central casting (304.3), and also showed no statistically significant differences between the responses of differences according to the variable service teachers in most of the problems but three problems where there are significant differences between the responses of teachers, according to the variable of service, and for the benefit of teachers with the service (5 years or more), and in the light of the findings of the researcher from the results of a number of recommendations and proposals viable for research and study.


Article
The Effect of the place mat Strategy in the collection of geographical material and the development of deductive thinking among the average first-grade students skills
أثر استراتيجية حصيرة المكان في تحصيل مادة الجغرافية وتنمية مهارات التفكير الاستدلالي لدى طلاب الصف الأول المتوسط

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The present research aims at identifying the effect of the mat place a strategy to collect geographical material and the development of deductive thinking among the average first-grade students the skills of ID, the study sample consisted of (72) students distributed into two groups by 35 students in the experimental group which studied the use of mat strategic location and (37) students in the control group who studied the same material in the traditional manner, rewarded researcher between the two sets of search variables (prior knowledge, IQ test, chronological age, test inferential thinking) promising researcher Uday achievement test consisting of (50) ) Items of multiple choice and make sure his sincerity and persistence and characteristics psychometric and adopted Ready thinking deductive prepared Scale (Obeidi, 2010), and used statistical methods (Altaia test for two independent samples, the difficulty factor, discrimination coefficient, Pearson correlation coefficient, Spearman correlation - coefficient Brown), the study found to outweigh the experimental group students on the control group students in achievement test and test deductive reasoning


Article
The effect of using Electrical Flipping Model Learning to Improve the Performance of Students in Electric and Electronic of Automobiles
أثر استخدام نموذج التعلم الالكتروني المقلوب في تحسين أداء طلبة قسم المكائن والمعدات في مادة كهرباء والكترونيك السيارات

Authors: م: ماجدة وهيب ارزوقي
Pages: 229-248
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The aim of the study is to uncover the effectiveness of the inverted learning model in the achievement and performance of e-learning skills in the students of the department of machinery and equipment . The semi experimental approach design was used with before and after test measurement. The study sample consisted of students of the first stage of the equipment and equipment department of the Institute of training of trainers (70) students divided into two groups: experimental group (35) students were taught the subject of electricity and electronic cars. And a control group of (35) students were taught with a traditional course. The tools of the study were applied before and after the two groups. The data were analyzed using the one-way contrast test and Gohen Standard equation to effective size . The results of the study were statistically significant difference at (α = 0.05k) between the average of the experimental and control groups in the post application of both the achievement test and the skill performance observation card for thebenefit of the experimental group

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Article
Trend of kindergarten teachers towards corporal punishment preparation
اتجاه معلمات رياض الاطفال نحو العقاب البدني

Authors: م. زينب خنجر مزيد
Pages: 249-264
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The current research aims : To identify the general trend of kindergarten teachers towards the use of corporal punishment in kindergartens according to some variables. The current research community consists of kindergarten teachers in the first Directorate of Education of Baghdad/RUSAFA (475) in the school year (2015-2016). The Radioty (2002) scale, which includes 31 paragraphs representing trends towards corporal punishment, was applied to the research sample after the virtual honesty was extracted For scale the researcher used statistical means (arithmetic mean, standard deviation, T-Test (T-test) and Pearson correlation coefficient) through the program (SPSS) and the researcher reached the following results: The general trend in kindergarten teachers towards physical punishment is negative that there is no statistically significant difference in the average grades of kindergarten teachers around the test of corporal punishment according to the variable of teaching experience and there is no statistically significant difference in the average grades of kindergarten teachers around the choice of corporal punishment according to the social status variable


Article
The Extent to which the Students of the History Department at Colleges of Education are aware of the Current and Contemporary Issues
مدى معرفة طلبة قسم التاريخ في كليات التربية للأحداث الجارية والقضايا المعاصرة

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The study aims to know the extent to which the students of the history department in the Colleges of education for current events and contemporary issues the sample of research was made up of (173) students in the Faculty of Education Department of History at University of Mustansiriyah The number of females (100) students and the number of males (73) students, and a form containing Current events and contemporary issues, which contained (4) Key skills and (34) sub-skills that were agreed upon by the experts, then applied the form on the study sample, students section history Phase III University Mustansiriyah and used the researcher the appropriate statistical means of Kai Square, and labs Pearson link, weighted mean equation and percentile weight. The results found that the knowledge of the history section's students of current events and contemporary issues was below the acceptable level with a slight difference in favour of females, the most important recommendations are the opening of teaching courses to develop and train teaching staff in the use of methods General teaching and the current style of events on the teachers of history in particular


Article
Effect of the Osborne-Barnes Model on the Creative Solution to Problems in Life Skills and Critical Thinking of Second-Graders
أثر أنموذج أوزبورن – بارنس للحل الإبداعي للمشكلات في المهارات الحياتية والتفكير الناقد لطالبات الصف الثاني المتوسط

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The research aims to identify the effect of the Osborne-Barnes model on the creative solution to problems in life skills and critical thinking of second-graders. The research community requires the choice of one secondary school in Baghdad and only female schools, provided that the number of people in the second intermediate grade is not less than two divisions. The researcher selected the study sample from all the second grade intermediate students for the academic year (2016 - 2017) from Al-Furat Girls School of the Directorate General of Education Baghdad Al-Karkh / 1 and the chosen mean (75) students distributed randomly on two divisions (A, B). The total number of female students in the Division was (38) students studying using the Osborne-Barnes model for the creative solution of problems, and the total number of students in Division B was 37 students who studied in the usual manner. The parity of the two groups was verified: age in months, IQ degree, previous achievement and critical thinking, life skills scale, and previous information test. The two groups were equal in all variables. As for the research tool, the researcher prepared a test for critical thinking, whose final form consisted of (60) paragraphs and the scale of life skills, which consisted of (44) paragraphs. After the researcher completed the research experiment according to what was planned in the development of critical thinking and the scale of life skills found the experimental group, which is modeled on the Osborne-Barnes model of creative problem solving, is superior to the development of critical thinking and life skills on the control group taught in the usual way.

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The Effect of Robinson Strategy and Self- Inquiry on Eighth class student's Achievement in Kurdish literature
أثر استراتيجية روبنسون والتساؤل الذاتي في تحصيل مادة الادب الكردي لدى طلبة الصف الثامن الأساسي

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The present research aims at identifying the effect of Robinson strategy and Self- Inquiry on the student's achievement in Kurdish literature. To achieve the study aim, the researcher has chosen randomly eighth class students (2nd intermediate) from Hemin school, pishder directorate/ Suliymania for the academic year 2014- 2015. The sample of the study is 76 male and female students and it is distributed as 27 studenets as the first experimental group, 24 student as the second expermintal group, and 25 students as the control group. The Three groups have been matched according to the following variables: the student's age, their intelligence, their last year grades in kurdish. The experiment lasted one academic semester which is the first one during which the researcher herself has taught the three groups. The researcher has constructed an objective test consist of 35 items, some are multiple choice items, other are true/ false items and completion items. The test validity and reliability have been ascertained. The following statistical tools have been used: ANOVA, Difficulty Coefficient Formula, Recognition Coefficient, Scheffe's test, pearson coefficient Formula. The results of this study have been proven the effectiveness of Robinson strategy which was taught to the first experimental group. Also self Inquiry has proven its success upon the traditional way of teaching. Also, no statistically significant difference is found at 0.05 between the first experimental group, which is taught by Robinson strategy, and the second experimental group which is taught by self- Inquiry

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Article
Using Electronic and Traditional Periodicals in Central Libraries of Iraqi Universities (Survey Studay)
استخدام الدوريات التقليدية والالكترونية في المكتبات المركزية في الجامعات العراقية (دراسة مسحية)

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The study aims to identify the periodicals because it considers one of the sources of important information in scientific research in its traditional and elecuonic form in the university libraries and its uses from the beneficiaries. The survey method was followed in the concerned study in the three university libraries. The main lindings and recommendations in the study: The weakness and lack of electronic tools in the titles of electronic journals and how to use them in the libraries of the University of Technology and the University of Babylon, in contrast to the University of Baghdad, where the availableit e-mail. Displays and contact –us service moreover the availability of billboards and ongoing briefing and broadcast selectively service and activate them in the libraries of the University of Technology and Baghdad to make maximums use of the periodicals section.


Article
The effectiveness of employing each of Ishikawa's strategies and the key word in teaching biology and its reflection on strategic reading and cognitive thinking skills among the fifth grade students (bio)
فاعلية توظيف كل من استراتيجيتي إيشيكاوا والكلمة المفتاحية في تدريس مادة الاحياء وانعكاسها على القراءة الاستراتيجية ومهارات التفكير المعرفي عند طلاب الصف الخامس العلمي (الاحيائي)

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The research aims at identifying the effectiveness of employing both Ishikawa strategies and the key word in teaching biology and its reflection on strategic reading and cognitive thinking skills among the fifth grade students. The researcher selected the study sample from all students in the fifth grade (2016 - 2017) from the Al-Furat Secondary School for Boys under the Directorate General of Education Baghdad Al-Karkh / 1 and the chosen means, (46) students distributed randomly on two divisions (A, B). The total number of students in Division A is 24 students studying using the Ishikawa strategy, and the total number of students in Division B is 22 students studying using the keyword strategy. The equivalence of the two groups was verified in some variables that are believed to affect the results of the experiment: age, previous achievement in biology, strategic reading scale, and cognitive skills testing. The two groups were equal in all variables. As for the research tool, the researcher adopted the strategic reading scale with some modifications, the final form of which was (30) paragraphs. The researcher also prepared the skills of cognitive thinking, which consisted of (30) paragraphs. After completing the research experiment, In the strategic reading scale and the testing of cognitive thinking skills, the experimental group taught in Ishikawa's post-test strategy is superior to strategic reading and cognitive thinking skills to the control group taught using the keyword strategy.

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The impact of snowball strategy in the development of motivation and achievement in the first grade students average history
أثر استراتيجية كرة الثلج في تنمية الدافعية والتحصيل لدى طالبات الصف الأول المتوسط مادة التاريخ

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The current research aims at knowing the "following a snowball strategy in the collection of history for students first grade average and Dafiethn to learn the art." To achieve this, the researcher adopted on an experimental design with a partial adjustment has chosen a random sample choice and numbered (62) student And abide by the experimental groups; one of (30) students studied in accordance with the snowball strategy officer and the other includes (32) students studied in the traditional manner. The researcher rewarded students between the two sets of search variables) months old, the previous school year degrees in history and the level of achievement of the parents). For research tools researcher prepared a test of the collection and the measure of motivation where it was drafting (30) paragraph objective risk trial of multiple choice,, and the measure of motivation to learn about history, consisting of (35) items. It was sure to extract Alsekoumtrah characteristics and extract reliability coefficients. After the end of the experiment, it was tested two groups of research testing and grades measure of motivation. Upon analysis of the data shows superiority of students in the experimental group that studied the material in accordance with the strategy of a snowball in the collection and Aldafieh.aly control group which studied the same material in the traditional way. In light of these results was a set of recommendations and proposals and use them in other educational institutions Kalmaahid developed and proposed for subsequent studies to complement the current research

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The pivotal thinking skills in the subject of physics and its relation to the emotional balance among students in the fourth grade scientific
مهارات التفكير المحوريّ في مادة الفيزياء وعلاقتها بالاتزان الانفعاليّ عند طلاب الصف الرابع العلميّ

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The research aims to answer the following question: Is there a relationship between the pivotal thinking skills in physics and the emotional balance among students in the fourth grade?In order to achieve this objective, the researcher constructed a test to measure the skills of pivotal thinking and emotional equilibrium. The two scales were applied in a randomly selected random sample of 181 students. After collecting and processing the data statistically, the researcher reached the following results: 1- The fourth grade students suffer from a weakness in the level of central thinking skills. 2 - The students of the fourth grade of scientific enjoy a level of emotional balance to a good degree. 3 - There is a positive relationship between the thinking skills pivotal in physics and emotional balance in the fourth grade scientific students

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The effectiveness of the delegate's mobile strategy in collecting biology and motivation in the fourth grade
فاعلية استراتيجية المندوب المتنقل في تحصيل مادة علم الأحياء والدافعية العقلية عند طلاب الصف الرابع العلمي

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The aim of the present research is to find out the effctiveness of Roving Reporter strategy in the students' achievement of the four-grade science in biology and their achievement motivation through investigating the following two hypotheses: 1-There is no statistically significant difference in the significance level of (0.05) between the average scores of the experimental group students who will be taught by Roving Reporter strategy and the average scores of the control group students who will be taught by the same material by the traditional method in the biology achievement test. 2-There is no statistically significant difference in the significance level of (0.05) between the average scores of the experimental group students who will be taught byRoving Reporter strategy and the average scores of the control group students who will be taught the same material by the traditional method intheachievement motivation scale. The sample of the research consisted of (60) students of four-grade science from Abe dharr Al-Ghafary preparatory in the city baghdad Rusafa- three for the school year(2016-2017) and this school to apply this experience. Students selected randomly into two groups each group consists of (30) students. Both group were equivalent in number of variables such as: Achievement motivation. At investigating the hypotheses، the research is built on an achievement test that consists of (32) items، (29) items of a multiple-choice type and (3) items of essay question، The validity and reliability are checked. The researcher adopted the scale of(Al-Janaby،2013) to measure the study achievement motivation after checked by a group of experts to make the suitable changes according to the validity and reliability. At the final the scale consists of (50) items. After the implementation of experiment in second course for the study Year of (2017-2016) from the researcher and his research groups according to study plans that prepared. The researcher applied the achievement test and measure the study achievement motivation for the two groups experimental and control .The data was processed statistically by using(T-test) for equal to two independent samples .The results showed superiority of the experimental group students who studied according to Roving Reporter strategy on the control group students who studied by the traditional method in variables of study achievement and achievement motivation. In the light of the results the researcher concluded that the Roving Reporter strategy has positive effect in biology achievement and achievement motivation. According to these resells ،the researcher has some recommendations and suggestions sac has :to use Roving Reporter strategy to teach mathematics and make more studies that use the active learning strategy in other variables that not contained in this study


Article
The impact of the quartets Omar Khayyam in the poetic experience of the Iraqi poet Zahawi
أثر رباعيات عمر الخيام في التجربة الشعرية للشاعر العراقي الزهاوي

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Abstract

The universality of literature has had great effects on literary unity. In this area, the effects of Arabic and Persian reflect the development of in-kind modeling of literary and literary overlap and become a wide field of comparative studies. Khayyam is considered to be one of the greatest men of the fifth century AH and has left a great literary imprint in the world of art and literature. One of the most famous of its variants is the reference to its quartets, which seem to have conflicting views of the universe and the Creator at first sight. This duplication, which we find in the quartets of the tents has produced many studies over the ages, including those Zahawi contemporary Iraqi poet, who was affected by the tents clearly. We find this effect when the quartets of the tents express the prose and the system, and also when it regulates its quadrilateral. We find that his idea inspired much of the quartets of tents. Here is the importance of studying the comparison between them through the quartets. And their cultural influences between them and this research includes common aspects between the quartets of these poets. The most important results we have reached in this study can be summarized as follows: Al-Zahawi was influenced by his quartets of the ideas and quartets of tents. The tents look at life and the universe with a pessimistic look and call for forgetting the melancholy of the world and its depression, while also drinking alcohol and Zahawi. The Arabization of the quartets of the tents by the Zahawi and the similarity of the contents of their quartets due to the cultural context common to them as a result of the knowledge of the Arab world on the ideas of tents. Such study confirms the connection and friction of both Arabic and Persian cultures.

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