جدول المحتويات

مجلة كلية التربية الأساسية للعلوم التربوية والإنسانية

ISSN: 23043717 23128003
الجامعة: جامعة بابل
الكلية: التربية الاساسية
اللغة: Arabic

This journal is Open Access

حول المجلة

المجلة تهتم بالبحوث العلمية في المجالات التربوية والإنسانية، وهي مجلة فصلية تصدر كل ٣ أشهر، وصدر أول عدد في عام ٢٠٠٩م، تخضع البحوث المنشورة إلى تقويم علمي من قبل مختصين في مجال البحث المراد نشره قبل عملية النشر.

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معلومات الاتصال

mcbe_babylon@yahoo.com
07801733667

جدول المحتويات السنة: 2018 المجلد: العدد: 40

Article
The Impact of Information Quality on Decisions Perfection:A Case Study of Sinnar Sugar Factory (2017).
جودة المعلومات وأثرها على رشد القرارات

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الخلاصة

The study aimed at identifying the role of information quality on decisions perfection, and trying to identify the variables of information quality that have the greatest impact on decisions perfection. The problem of the study stemmed out the following questions: What is the impact of the information quality on decisions perfection? What is the impact of the information quality elements on decisions perfection? The researcher followed the historical methodology in dealing with the phenomenon of the study, and followed a descriptive and analytical methodology that based on data collection, interpret and analyze them into results. The importance of the study stems from the fact that it deals with the information quality and the role it plays in decisions perfection, the study focus on the impact of the quality of information and its relation to decision-making. The study showed the following results: the study approved positively the first hypothesis (availability of information affects on decisions perfection) at level 0.05≥ α, while rejecting the rest of the hypotheses related to the quality of information (information suitability, timing of access, cost of access, availability of effective communication systems) do not showed significant effect on the decisions perfection at the level of 0.05 ≥ α from Kenana Sugar Company employees point of view. the most important recommendations of the study is to depend on accurate and reliable information and to improve its quality through the development of efficient administrative information systems, attention to information suitability,to address the weakness of its impact on the decisions perfection by conducting studies on the relationship between each.


Article
The degree of the use of educational diploma students at Umm Al Qura
درجة استخدام طالبات الدبلوم التربوي في جامعة أم القرى للمكتبة الرقمية السعودية واتجاهاتهن نحوها ومعوقات استخدامها

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الخلاصة

This study aimed to know how much does the educational diploma female students in Umm Alqura University use the Saudi Digital Library, their attitudes towards it, and the obstacles of using it. The sample of the study consisted of (159) female students of educational diploma in the university college in Qunfutha / Umm Al Qura University. The researcher used the survey descriptive method by using a questionnaire as data collection method for the purpose of the study. Results showed that total answers regarding using the Saudi digital library scored a mean of (2.53) with a weak degree of use. This indicates that students of educational diploma in Umm Alqura university rarely use the Saudi digital library. As for the attitude towards using the Saudi digital library, it scored a mean of (3.43) with high degree of agreement, which indicates that student’s attitudes were positive and of high degree, although their degree of using were not high. Results also showed that mean of total items in obstacles related to using the Saudi digital library was (2.85) with moderate degree of agreement. Therefore, all items which had moderate or high degrees of agreement represent the obstacles and difficulties that face educational diploma students in Umm Alqura university while using Saudi digital library. The study provided a set of recommendations, such as: reducing the material and technical obstacles which limit the use of Saudi digital library, and training the students on using the Saudi digital library.


Article
Evaluating the Role of Educational Planning in Training of Secondary in-Service Teachers from Teachers and Supervisors’ Perspective in UmDrman Province-Sudan
تقويم دور التخطيط التربوي في التدريب أثناء الخدمة لمعلم المرحلة الثانوية من وجهة نظر المعلميـن والمشرفيـن التربوييـن بمحلية أم درمان- السودان.

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الخلاصة

The study aimed at shedding light on educational planning and its role in the in-service training for secondary school teachers at Omdurman locality. It is an evolutional study from teachers’ and educational supervisors’ points of view, through identifying the most noticeable problems that in-service teacher training faces in order to set current suggestions and strategies that help to solve these problems.


Article
The Millitary and Suppression Ways and Plans of Charel Degoul to Eliminate the Révolution ‘ Chall and Moress’s Mistake as a Model’
أساليب ومخططات شارل ديغول العسكرية والقمعية للقضاء على الثورة "خطا شال وموريس نموذجا "

المؤلفون: بلعربي عمر
الصفحات: 47-54
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الخلاصة

The French colonialism did many military operations where he committed the most hideous crimes and the greatest violations. These operations were practised just after the governance of general de Gaulle in 1958 and the nomination of general Challe as general army commander of the French military forces in Algeria. He presented military plans to abort the Algerian revolution by launching a military operation in the whole country. This operation depends on searching information, prosecuting the elements of the national liberation army and controlling the inhabitants. He also settled a program to be executed by more than 600 thousands soldiers among them parachutists, infantry and others reinforced with equipments. During this period, Algeria lived its darkest days and it was jailed between the two death lines of ” Morice and Challe”.


Article
Israelites of contemporary interpreters
الاسرائيليات عند المعاصرين من المفسرين

المؤلفون: Habiba Chohra . حبيبة شهرة
الصفحات: 55-72
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الخلاصة

This research dealt with a matter of collusion with the most modern interpreters, They deaf the Israelites and rejected them, And try to delete them from the books of interpretation, It began in the eighth century, then reached its range in the last hundred years, Most of the old interpreters and modern of them are agree that the Israelites are acceptable, yield or silent about it, this paper came to clarify this issue.


Article
Sides in The Administrative and Cultural life of Jerusalem Vicariate in the Mamluk Period
جوانب من الحياة الإدارية والثقافية في نيابة بيت المقدس إبان العهد المملوكي (648هـ-922هـ/1250م -1516م)

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الخلاصة

This study dealt with an important subject, namely, the case of Jerusalem in the Mamluk period. The study dealt with the implications of the declaration of the Jerusalem Vicariate. The study attempted to find out the date of the establishment of the Jerusalem Vicariate as well as the jobs of in the Jerusalem Vicariate. There were several types of jobs: military jobs, clerk jobs, and religious jobs. The flourishing of science and education in the city of Jerusalem during the Mamluk period, and the cultural boom in the city of Jerusalem in the Mamluk era, the establishment of many scientific and literary institutions, which varied between schools, mosques, libraries, barges, gouges and angles


Article
Analysis of the content of Arabic language curricula for preparing teachers for the third and fourth years in light of the social values
تحليل محتوى مناهج اللغة العربية لإعداد المعلمين للسنتين الثالثة والرابعة في ضوء القيم الاجتماعية

المؤلفون: Aref Assad Jomaa/Ph.d education عارف أسعد جمعة
الصفحات: 101-112
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الخلاصة

THE title of the study (analysis of the content of Arabic language curricula for preparing teachers for the third and fourth years in light of the social values The study aimed to: 1- Get acquainted with the Arabic language curricula in order to prepare teachers for the third and fourth years in the faculties of education in thr Syrian Arab Republic to get to know the reality of social values contained in the curricula. 2- To demonstarte the role of social values in building the character of the generations and strengthening their belonging to their Arab nation and their civilizational heritage and training them to keep up with the developments and unions of the 21 century 3- To shed light upon the role of the teacher in providing and teaching students the social values.


Article
Parental Psychological Deprivation and its effect on son's practices for parents impiousness "a study on a sample of Saudi adolescents"
الحرمان النفسي الوالدي وأثره على ممارسات الأبناء لسلوك عقوق الوالدين

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الخلاصة

The present study aims at knowing the effect of parental psychological deprivation on sons practices for parents impiousness behavior on a sample of Saudi adolescents. The study sample consisted of (67) adolescents ranging between (13:17) years old from regular students in government schools at intermediate and secondary stages and (24) of school drop outs. Analytical descriptive method was used for its appropriateness of the study nature. Both the researchers used a scale of psychological deprivation and a scale of parent's impiousness (prepared by the researchers) as two tools for the study.


Article
Flashes in The translation process from Persian to Arabic and Vice Versa
إضاءات عمليّة في الترجمة الفوریة من الفارسیة إلی العربیة والعكس

المؤلفون: Abdul Rasool Alha’ai عبد الرسول الهائي
الصفحات: 147-157
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الخلاصة

Indeed Oral and Simultaneous Translation among all other translation has not only became a science, art, experience and tact, which plays an important role in consolidating the social and international relationships, but also became a need of a human society which cannot be replaced by any other mean. This article describes different types of Oral and Simultaneous Translation, its characteristics, differences and importance. It also discusses the connection between Translator and the techniques used in Simultaneous Translations and the manner of use of those techniques, and all other important issues related to the mentioned type of Translation.


Article
A study on the Rhetorical styles of the sermon of al-Shiqshiqiya
«دراسة الأسالیب البلاغیة في خطبة الشِقشقیة»

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الخلاصة

the Rhetorical styles have played a significant role in Arabic literature since old ages until today. As such the belletrists have always tried to beautify their works and styles to impress their recipients to draw the readership's attention.One of the styles, which attracted the attention of the critics and researches, was Imam Ali's. Because Imam Ali has always been using a new beautiful style which impressed its readership. The sermon under consideration is not an exception. Imam Ali adresses two importants issues: the wording which is accurate, beautiful, and pleasant. The meaning which is compelling and rich.


Article
The effect of cloud computing on academic achievement and technical performance development on computer skills
أثر استخدام الحوسبة السحابية على التحصيل الدراسي وتنمية الأداء التقني لدى طلاب مقرر مهارات الحاسب الآلي بكلية التربية جامعة شقراء

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الخلاصة

The objective of the present study is to find out the effect of using cloud computing on the academic achievement and development of technical performance among the computer skills course students of Dawadmi Education collage in Shaqra University. The experimental research approach was used. The sample consisted of 30 randomly selected students. Tools were developed and used: the proposed cloud-based training program (Google), performance testing, and technical performance assessment. The study found that there were statistically significant differences at a mean level (0.05 ≥ α) between the mean scores of the pre application and post application of the cognitive test on computer skills course students of Dawadmi Education collage in Shaqra University for the benefit of post-measurement and there was statistically significant differences at the level of significance (0.05 ≥ α) between the mean scores of the pre and post applications for the self-assessment of the technical aspect of the technical performance of computer skills course students of Dawadmi Education collage in Shaqra University for the benefit of post-measurement. According to the results, the researcher advised a number of recommendations, including: the need to take advantage of the technology of cloud computing as a learning strategy to develop the skill of technical performance of students, the use of cloud computing technology as a strategy for teaching technical performance and also cooperative education through the collective participation among students, Pre-university based on building technical and collective performance learning skills and Internet-based learning, holding training courses for faculty members and others persons involved in learning process in Saudi universities to train them for using of cloud computing applications.


Article
The quality of working life in the private schools in Gaza Governorate from the teachers’ point of view
جودة حياة العمل في المدارس الأساسية الخاصة بمحافظات غزة من وجهة نظر المعلمين

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الخلاصة

The study aimed at determining the degree of estimation of a sample of the teachers of the private schools in the Gaza governorates for the quality of life of the work in the Gaza governorates, and to find out wherever there are statistically significant differences at the level of significance between the average scores of the sample members for this level due to the variables: Gender, number of years of service, academic specialization. To achieve this, the researchers followed the descriptive / analytical approach by applying a questionnaire consisting of (34) items distributed in four areas to (378) teachers and teachers from the private schools in the Gaza governorates. The results showed that the teachers' (70.96%), where the field (continuous improvement) came in first place, and the field (incentives and rewards) in the last rank, There were no statistically significant differences at the level of () between the average scores of the sample of the quality of work life attributed to the variable sex and the variable of specialization, while differences were found according to the variable years of service in favor of the category (less than 5 years). The study recommended that the standards of quality of working life in private schools should be based on the Ministry of Education, especially in relation to wages and bonuses.


Article
Perfectionism predictive the emergence of social anxiety in a sample of university students
الكمالية كمنبئ بالقلق الاجتماعي لدى عينة من طلاب الجامعة

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الخلاصة

This study aimed to reveal of the correlation relationship between perfectionism and Social Anxiety, Among a sample students of Kasdi Merbah Ouargla University , and learn the predictive capacity of perfectionism for the emergence of social anxiety the study sample was applied, which consisted of(172) students and were selected according to the Convenience Sampling To validate of the study hypotheses we used two of measures: perfectionism scale for (Hussein Fayed2005), and social anxiety scale for (Behacini2011). Processed statistics is advertised using program SPSS v23.The results of the study have resulted having a statistically significant correlation between perfectionism and social anxiety among members of the study sample in the level indication (0.01) - Predictive capacity exists for perfectionism on the emergence of social anxiety in the study sample. In the last results were discussed as a theoretical heritage, previous studies and the results of this study remain limited in their relevance, and its methodology and tools.


Article
Self- efficacy and its impact on the academic achievement of students of University of Hail in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia in the light of some variables
الفاعلية الذاتية وأثرها على التحصيل الأكاديمي لدى طالبات جامعة حائل في المملكة العربية السعودية في ضوء بعض المتغيرات

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الخلاصة

The present study aimed to detect the impact of self-efficacy on academic achievement among female students of University of Hail in Saudi Arabia, in light of some demographic variables. The sample consisted of (300) female students from colleges of (Engineering, Literature, and Education) at the University of Hail. They had chosen randomly in stratified way. To achieve the objectives of the study, the researcher prepared a measure of self-efficacy, The academic achievement for the student measured through the cumulative average. The statistical program SPSS was used to analyze the data. Results of the study revealed an average level for both, self- efficacy and academic achievement, and also it revealed that there is a positive impact and statistically significant for the self- efficacy on academic achievement, and found differences in self-efficacy due to the variable age, and in favor of the category of (25) years and above, and the study also revealed significant differences in the level of academic achievement due to the variable Specialization, and in favor of the College of Education. Accordingly, the researcher recommends for further studies and efforts to raise the level of self- efficacy studies among female students, and search on effective factors to raise the academic achievement and enhance its quality.


Article
Quranic Intertextuality in Fadva Toogan,s poem.
التناص القرآنی في شعر فدوی طوقان

المؤلفون: Maghdimi Yaghoob يعقوب مقديمی
الصفحات: 230-237
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الخلاصة

Quran and its magnificient contents have been considered as the important sources and origins of Arabic poeatry. In the manner that, many poeats have got inspirations from Quran in terms of subjects and characters that were the central point of their works. Intertextuality is a new phenomeon for an old concept that has been created in the west as a result of investigating language issues, and has its origins in the old researches with different names and expressions such as, adaptation, testimony, gurantee ,anecdotes ,etc. Inrecent researches myth has accepted the same task. Intertextuality has different types.. One of them is Quranic Intertextuality that many poets have dealt with Fadva Toogan is one of the poetesses that has used Quranic Intertextuality in her poetic intentions.She has adapted from Quran,in three ways:1. Quranic concepts,2. Quranic stories and3. Quranic lexicon. In addition to trying to give a brief definition of intertextuality, this short article will reviewbriefly Toogan,s biography and the adaptations of Quranic subjects in her works.


Article
The Basis of the Guardianship Superiority over the Prophecy and Mission in Mysticism
تحليل أساس "التفوق الولایة للنبوة والرسالة" في التصوف

المؤلفون: Yousef Moghaddasi یوسف مقدسی
الصفحات: 238-249
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الخلاصة

The current paper focuses on the subtilities of the guardianship “superiority” in mysticism. The guardianship of the spirit and intuitive knowledge is the Sufism essence. guardianship is one of the divine names and from the greatness of the God, so the guardianship is eternal and its realm is not limited to the world, it encompasses both worlds. This name is always a symbolic expression of quest and condition for human being to become perfect is the completion of the achievement of the guardianship level as the symbol of the name "guardianship". The manifestation of this name is the full ownership of the guardianship, and it is the perfect man who can take possession of the living in the material of the universe and this is a generousity, hence the guardianship has a divine aspect and the prophecy has a creature aspect. The current paper aims at providing evidences to proved the superiorty of guardianship over prophecy. This is a descriptive religious paper aims at investigationg the reasons behind the superiorty of guardianship over prophecy


Article
The Aesthetic properties in the paintings of Valentin Serov
الخصائص الجمالية في رسوم فالنتين سيروف

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الخلاصة

This research is concerned with the study of"aesthetic characteristics in the paintings of Valentin Serov", which is located in four chapters. Chapter One: Includes the following points: First: the research problem: it focused on finding a research vision that integrates with the data of the serov fees. Russian art invests the facts of the living reality by embodying the situations of the Russian people suffering, wars, aspirations and social transformations The development of the arts in Russia appeared with Czar Peter the Great, who sent Russian artists to study in Europe. The art movement was active at the time. Artist Valentin Serov was considered one of the most important Russian artists of the 19th century. The artistic variety is enriched by his artistic and aesthetic experience. Hence the problem of research by answering the following question:


Article
The effectiveness of an educational program based on the theory of cognitive burden in the development of visual intelligence among students in the fifth grade literary rhetoric
فاعلية برنامج تعليمي قائم على نظرية العبء المعرفي في تنمية الذكاء الصوري لدى طلاب الصف الخامس الأدبي في مادة البلاغة

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الخلاصة

The present study aims to identify the " effectiveness of an educational program based on the theory of cognitive burden in the development of visual intelligence among the fifth grade students in the language of rhetoric. " The sample of the study consisted of (60) students of the fifth grade literary in the Jihad School for Boys, Babylon, 30 students representing the experimental group and 30 students representing the control group. The researchers followed the descriptive and experimental methods as part of the current research requirements by directing a questionnaire to identify the students' needs and applying the empirical research experience of the theory of cognitive burden, After determining the content of the subject, which will be examined in the tutorial (during the duration of the experiment) and of the themes the book of rhetoric and the application of the fifth grade literary, coined the researcher (203) behaviorally target and prepared teaching plans for the topics of rhetoric that would study in the tutorial, and introduced models, including the Committee of Experts and specialists in the field of Arabic language and methods of teaching, psychology, measurement and evaluation ; to know the sincerity and relevance to the variables of research, as well as the researcher prepared a test of linguistic intelligence consists of (30) test paragraphs.


Article
The pattern of rural Settements in the center of Hilla district and the Spatial Distribution
نمط المستقرات الريفية في مركز قضاء الحلة وتوزيعها المكاني

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الخلاصة

Study of rural stabilizers and knowledge of their distributive patterns consider from the critical analytical studies in the Geography where it is studying the distribution of rural stabilizers and the most important patterns that follow in their spatial distribution, in her study of the pattern, the researcher found the spatial distribution of rural stabilizers in the center of Hilla district That the number of rural stabilizers was (98) stable and the area of the research area is (161) Km 2 and she used the method (neighbor link) which is one of the important mathematical and cartographic methods in how to reach results closer to reality and find out the pattern in the search area. The results of the analysis were shown by the researcher the value of the neighborhood link applied to the entire study area equal to (0,1) which is indicated as shown in the neighboring neighbor hypothesis that the centers of rural stable in the center of Hilla


Article
Geometric Ability Of Mathematics' Teachers Of Preparatory Schools And It's Relation With Innovative Thinking For Their Students
القدرة الهندسية لمدرسي الرياضيات للمرحلة الاعدادية وعلاقتها بالتفكير الابداعي لدى طلبتهم

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الخلاصة

This research aimed to explore the nature of correlative relation between geometric ability of mathematics teachers of preparatory schools and the innovative thinking for their students in Babel governorate. In order to achieve the aim of research, it has been applying the following zero hypotheses: 1- There is no difference with a statistic evidence at evidence level of (0.05) between the real performance average and virtual performance average for the female and male teachers of mathematics in Babel governorate according to the geometric ability test prepared for this fore-mentioned purpose. 2- There is no difference with a statistic evidence at evidence level of (0.05) between the real performance average and average of virtual performance average for the students of 4th scientific grade in Babel governorate according to the geometric ability test prepared for this fore-mentioned purpose. 3- There is no difference with a statistic evidence at evidence level of (0.05) between the compulsory ability for teachers of scientific 4th grade and the geometric ability of their students


Article
Geographical analysis of the economic composition of the female labor force in Babul Governorate for the period 1997-2016
تحليل جغرافي للتركيب الاقتصادي للقوى العاملة الأنثوية في محافظة بابل للمدة 1997-2016

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الخلاصة

The female labor force represented a number of geographical, economic, and social issues as it is a determining factor in the characteristics of economic activity and it influences the size and role of the future female labor force in human development. The percentage of female labor force participation reached 24.1% in 2016, To males in all sectors. The share of females in the labor force has declined in some sectors (excluding the education sector), thus contributing to the level of their participation in the labor force, thus affecting the level of human development


Article
A Descriptive Narration in ( An American at my home) Novel by Nazar Abdul
السرد الوصفي في رواية (الأمريكان في بيتي) لنزار عبد الستار

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الخلاصة

The Iraqi novel announced its presence in recent times, and the other written races have been drawn to attract criticism to its place, and to represent the complex events that are full of reality. The novel is the product of complex complex reality, so it finds its book what this work requires from the facts that make up its material, its events. The description is one of the most important ways for novelists to communicate their ideas to their work, and although the nature of the investment of description varies according to the experience and intelligence of novelists, and the nature of the task they describe as one of the most popular means of fiction; Difficult studies and defining the moments of description are not enough to accomplish a study aimed at the end; as the same description in the works of fiction _ no matter how accurate and controlled _ is not enough without an intellectual goal, and a clear technical vision assigned to him


Article
School Bullying Behavior and Its relation to the Mental Health of Intermediate Students
سلوك التنمر المدرسي وعلاقته بالصحة النفسية لدى طلبة المرحلة المتوسطة

المؤلفون: Rana Mohssin Shaiy رنا محسن شايع
الصفحات: 364-379
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الخلاصة

Intermediate Students represent an important sample of society for they are considered as the nation wealth because of their ability for renewal movements and developments.School Bullying behavior and psychological health are the most important variables in the study in this stage and that’s why we mention the following the objects of the research: 1- The school bullying behavior of intermediate students. 2- The psychological health of intermediate students. 3- The differences based on statistical operations for school bullying according to gender variable (male/female) 4- The differences based on statistical operations for psychological health according to gender variable (male/female) 5- The correlation between school bullying and psychological health.


Article
Energy Resources and Regional conflict on the maritime border in the Eastern Mediterranean
موارد الطاقة واثرها في الصراع الإقليمي على الحدود البحرية في شرق المتوسط

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الخلاصة

The study of the energy resources and the regional conflict on the maritime borders in the eastern Mediterranean is one of the important studies that are important to the discovery of the energy resources in this region and it's geopolitical importance, and contributed to fueling the regional conflict over the maritime borders in the region.


Article
Effectiveness of an educational program based on the skills of thinking pivotal in the achievement and of female students of the Faculty of Education for Girls at the University of Kufa
فاعلية برنامج تعليمي قائم على مهارات التفكير المحورية في التحصيل لدى طالبات كلية التربية للبنات في جامعة الكوفة

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الخلاصة

Based on this, the research has the following two objectives: 1- Building an educational program based on the skills of thinking pivotal in the electrical and magnetic students of the Department of Physics 2- Know the effectiveness of the program in: Collection. To achieve the goals of the research, the researcher developed two zero hypotheses according to the variables of achievement and mental capacity.


Article
Tukharistan City: A Study of Historical Geography
مدينة طخارستان دراسة في الـجغرافية الـتأريخية

المؤلفون: Zaynab Mahdy Raaowf زيـنب مـهـدي رؤوف
الصفحات: 424-437
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الخلاصة

The historical geography of the city of Tukharistan is very important in research asthe geographical location is significant. The geographers consider the city as one of the core of the province of Khorasan and then took this name and widely called on all other provinces located on both banks of the River Gihon-Amu Daria, as included many fertile cities and villages, filled with various roads and paths pursued by walkers of them and to them with varying distances between one another. This feature pulled out on the diversity of the geographical terrain of the cities, so for every city there are more than one geographical nature, which left a significant impact on the diversity of the city's climate in general and its other life activities.


Article
Publicity of Poetics Image & its Reflections of the Theatrical Show
شعرية الصورة الاشهارية وتمثلاتها في العرض المسرحي

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الخلاصة

The research consists of Four chapters, the First Chapter deals with subject issue, importance, needs, aims, limitations & abbreviations of the research. The Second Chapter consists Three research sections. The first section (Publicity Concepts), the second section (cultural poetic image of Publicity). The Third section (Publicity Significant of Theatrical Show).the Third Chapter deals with the analysis of the research sample (Slaughterhouse play)for the Director Montather Sadoon. The Search ended with conclusions in the Fourth Chapter, on of it the persuasion in Publicity Theatrical image, through the means of Arts that consider the link of Arts that contributes of the persuasion of both sides; Dramatic structure of publicity Image and its processing by the Director


Article
Legal description of foreign forces in Iraqfor the period from 19/3/2003 to 31/12/2008
الوصف القانوني للقوات الأجنبية في العراق للمدة من 19/3/2003 الى 31/12/2008

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الخلاصة

The United Nations Charter is the Supreme ultimate and international legislation, and is equally is a Constitution for the international organization, despite normal Convention Treaty and it has become the most important legal component in the international legal system, and the basic foundation on which the Security Council, in the exercise Terms of reference and powers established by the Charter in the maintenance of international peace and security. The subject of this topic falls within these legal concepts and frameworks through her research in one of the most important powers and prerogatives of the Security Council, namely the legal description of the armed conflicts that threaten international peace and security, And also powers the legal characterization of the functions and operations of the armed forces in such conflicts, both in terms of the legitimacy or the functions performed by type troops, in addition to the Security Council a monopoly on those powers and functions conferred by the Charter exclusively, and that this Dealing with the issue of legal description urged international armed conflict broke out on international resolutions signed by the Security Council, coinciding with the event and its predecessors and followed him after an argument other than long and deep among the permanent members of the Security Council about the legality and legitimacy of this intervention, and gave both teams their arguments and reasoning that Ted What stops them all, The legal description of those troops had passed several stages the first stage of the invasion and occupation and then the provisional Government established by the phase of the occupation and the transfer of sovereignty, has released a new UN Security Council resolution 1483 number 22/5/2003 description the fighting forces of those Nations "occupied" and carried Obligations and responsibilities incumbent on them under international law as two of Jericho, but the Security Council after a period in resolution 1511 in the non-17/10/2003 of the description of those foreign forces and multinational forces described the legal description has changed between The first case, second case here it is worth asking so what justifications change the description of the first case to the second case? And is that the charters of the United Nations Security Council and international regulations allow changing the description based on legal grounds because one of the parties to the dispute, this topic try to answer these questions through exposure to the problem of legal description of foreign forces in Iraq longer in 2003 and changes in this description, depending on For the time spent in a presence in Iraq and the compatibility of these changes with the rules and provisions of international law, both customary conventions in addition to the rules and provisions of international humanitarian law. The legal description was also addressed to private security companies contracted by the occupying forces in international and domestic law by identifying the legal frameworks governing the operation and international conventions to regulate its work.


Article
Administrative decentralization and its role in the development of public education in Iraq (comparative analysis study)
اللامركزية الأدارية ودورها في تطوير التعليم العام بالعراق (دراسة تحليلية مقارنة)

المؤلفون: Diaa Saleh Mahdi Al-Attar ضياء صالح مهدي العطار
الصفحات: 496-516
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الخلاصة

Comes the importance of this research through the presence of the need to improve the quality of the educational process outputs in Iraq, and then various and different entrances to get to the desired results of the educational process solutions emerged, and in the footsteps of international expertise is considered decentralized and applied to general education stage one of these approaches adopted by the Iraqi government, to identify the positives and the negatives, and see if their application is the solution to the development of education in Iraq.


Article
The impact of Harvesting Strategy on the Achievement of students in the fourth grade of science and their Thinking positive in physics
أثر استراتيجية الحصاد في تحصيل طلاب الصف الرابع العلمي والتفكير الإيجابي لديهم في مادة الفيزياء

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الخلاصة

The research aims to identify the impact of the harvest strategy on the achievement of students in the fourth grade of science and their positive thinking in physics. The researcher adopted the partial experimental design of the two groups (control and experimental) with the post-test of collection, Located in the center of Babil province، The researcher chose randomly (A) to represent the experimental group consisting of (35) students to teach the physics subject according to the harvest strategy. In the same way, the researcher chose Division C to represent the control group consisting of (33) students to be taught physics in the usual way, Before applying the experiment, the researcher matched the two groups of research After the equivalence procedure, the researcher prepared the application requirements of the plans, objectives and tests of the two research groups. After the application was completed, the researcher applied research tools to the two research groups. After correcting the students' answers, the researcher obtained data for the experimental group and the control. - test) for two independent samples. The results showed that the experimental group students who studied according to the harvest strategy were superior to the students of the control group who studied in the usual way in the scholastic achievement variable and positive thinking.


Article
Writing Aptiude for slow learning of pupils
الاستعداد الكتابي لدى التلاميذ بطيئي التعلم

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الخلاصة

This research aims to know the level of the writing a ptness to the low learning students the researchers elaborating a test to measure this skill.the test includes 53 items deuided on 13 main skill they try to extracting the psychometrics of the test which show and discerned the traeness and constancy on a sample formed from 200 students.to limit the society of the correctness research on such students in the primary school inferior to the Education of Babylon 2016-2017 the basic sample of the research formed the primary school of safi al Deen by using a saitable statistic devices. The reached the following results there is a gap and the students are suffering from the shortness in the skill of writing and they need a special treatment.


Article
Building and applying a self-esteem scale for students with hearing disabilities
بناء وتطبيق مقياس تأكيد الذات لدى التلاميذ المعاقين سمعياً

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الخلاصة

This research is restricted to the audio-handicapped who are teachable and registered in the institute of the deaf and the dumb in Babylon Governorate for the school year (2016 – 2017). The self-conformation has been measured by a scale prepared by the researcher, consisting of (40) items, after Verifying the psychometric characteristics of the scale, including trustiness ostensibly and structurally, steadfastness in two ways: reapplication and Alpha- Kronpach. In the light of two results of this research, the researcher has come to some conclusions, including: _The policy followed by the ministries is based on isolating the audio-handicapped in special institutes which has led to separating them from the society and mixing with their peers of the handicapped with no normal paradigm (a hearer) except the girl teacher who speak to them in gesture-language. This lack of mixing has led to the decline of self-conformation


Article
Role of civil society organizations in strengthening social welfare Services and programs for the elderly are a model Theoretical vision and developmental features
دور منظمات المجتمع المدني في تدعيم الرعاية الاجتماعية - الخدمات والبرامج الموجهة للمسنين إنموذجاً ورؤية نظرية وملامح تطويرية

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الخلاصة

Civil societies have different ideologies and specializations to take care of care of the employment of social care commensurate with the nature of the specialization to which it belongs. Social care has existed since human existence. Mutual assistance among people in solving their personal and public problems was part of their daily lives, This system contains many functions and services that meet the social needs as well as provided by various community organizations, especially civil society organizations that aim to ensure an appropriate standard of living for all members of society and the elderly, including the elderly Because of its balance and social stability. This means that the responsibility for contemporary care has become the responsibility of society, whether in the form of its social / governmental organizations or informal organizations working side by side to provide social welfare to members of society This is what we saw in Iraqi society after the fall of the regime in 2003 and the democratic transition that allowed the informal organizations to play their role in promoting Social welfare of this segment through its various programs and activities that seek to care for them and alleviate their suffering and find effective solutions to their social problems.


Article
The activity of the chopper cards in the students collecting in the sixth primary class for the sociology lesson
فاعلية البطاقات المروحية في تحصيل تلاميذ الصف السادس الابتدائي في مادة الاجتماعيات

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الخلاصة

This research aims at knowing the activity of the chopper cards in the students collecting in the sixth primary class for the sociology lesson in the light of the following hypothesis, there is no re cognized difference which has a collecting significance at the level (0.05), among the medial of marks for the students of the experiential group. the students studied this lesson using chopper cards, with compare with the students of the controlled group, that studied the same lesson with an ordinary method to gain the aim of the research, the researcher choosed the members of the two groups randomly. the sample of this research reached number of 60 students distributed equally between the two groups. the researcher equalized between the two groups in certain matters, like the age of the students m the certificates of their parents and the marks that they got in the previous year in sociology. the researcher himself taught both groups and after finishing his experiment, he used to apply a collecting test.


Article
The strategy of the wassili rich and its impact on the collection of geography and the development of holistic thinking among second grade students
استراتيجية الأثراء الوسيلي وأثرها في تحصيل مادة الجغرافية وتنمية التفكير الشمولي عند طلاب الصف الثاني متوسط

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الخلاصة

The current research aims at identifying the "effect of the strategy of the Wassili rich in the collection of geography and the development of holistic thinking among the second grade students." The current study was conducted in Iraq / Babylon province. The researcher chose the experimental method and adopted experimental design and partial control. In the holy province of Karbala (free hand). The researcher chose the students of the second grade the average sample of the research and the number of (70) students, two divisions distributed equally experimental group studied the strategy of rich and easy control group studied in the traditional way. The researcher rewarded between the two groups of research in some variables that affect the effect of the experiment and the results were that the two groups are statistically equivalent. The researcher used the statistical methods suitable for the research procedures (the independent testing of two independent samples, the square of Kai, the coefficient of ease and difficulty, the coefficient of discrimination, and the effectiveness of alternatives). The results of the study showed that there was a statistically significant difference at the level of significance (0.05), which is superior to the experimental group on the control group in the achievement test. In the light of the research results, the researcher produced a set of conclusions, recommendations and suggestions.


Article
AL jamain and its Area-Astudy of the geographical and political condition till 1101 AD / 495 H "
الجامعين ومنطقتها دراسة في الأحوال الجغرافية والسياسية حتى عام 495ه/1101م

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الخلاصة

Al jamain area represented social, moderin and historical presence in addition to its civilized role. this study has included al jamain area and the historical roots of its naming, topography, climate and the economical importance. In addition to its political issues in abbasid area. the study also sheels light area from the establishment of Almazedia emirate till the construction of Hilla city in 1101 AD / 495 H.


Article
The philosophical and Aesthetic Speech of the Female Body Elements in the theater show
الخطاب الفلسفي والجمالي لعناصر سرد الجسد الأنثوي في العرض المسرحي

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الخلاصة

The research studies the system of the philosophic and pretty factors of the feminine body reciting address in the theatrical performance, so it included four sections. The first section dealt with the methodical frame including its problem which concentrated upon the essence of the philosophic and pretty address of the factors of the feminine body reciting and its importance and its aim to recognize this philosophic and pretty system which took place in the year 2014 and its location which took place in Tunisia, in addition to the subject ire limit hidden in the studying, analyzing and reading the system of the philosophic and pretty address of the feminine body reciting in the theatrical performance, hence limiting the idioms and definitions. The second section dealt with the theoretical frame including three topics. The first topic concentrated upon understanding the reciting of the body. The second topic concentrated upon the body as a reciting structure. The third topic focused on studying the feminine body reciting factors in the theatrical performance ending to the most important indicators which occurred in the theatrical frame. The third section dealt with the procedures of the research unheeding as a sample (the play of a woman with two heads). And the article of the research and its system, hence analyzing the sample. The fourth section dealt with the results of the research and its conclusions. Ending to a list of footnotes, hence a list with its references and source.


Article
The Ideological System of the Confident Personality in the Iraqi Temporal Theatrical Text
النَّسقُ الإيديولوجيُّ لشخصيةِ النجيِّ في النصِّ المسرحيِّ العراقيِّ المعاصرْ

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الخلاصة

This research studies the subject entitled; the ideological system of the confident personality in the Iraqi temporal theatrical text. The researcher has divided his research into four sections. The first section concentrated on the methodical frame which included the problem of the research. This problem centered upon this query: (what's the ideological system of the confident personality in the Iraqi temporal theatrical text?) in addition to its importance, necessity and its aims. Moreover to know, the research limits the years from (2008 to 2016) and the location which took place in Iraq, as well as the topic mentioned above aimed to limit the idioms; system, ideology, personality, confident and procedural definitions. The second section included the theoretical frame of the research which three points. The first point centered upon the confident personality meaningfully. The second point concentrated on the confident personality by approaching between the cognitive and social theories. The third point studied the confident personality and the ideological system in the global text in the Western, Arabic and Iraqi texts.


Article
Aggressive personality and its representations in the texts of Ghassan Kanafani play
الشخصية العدوانية وتمثلاتها في نصوص غسان كنفاني المسرحية

المؤلفون: Faten Hussein nijee فاتن حسين ناجي
الصفحات: 697-707
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الخلاصة

Aggressive behavior is the form of a reaction to actions or actions of a society against individuals or individuals against individuals. It may consist of a specific disease that affects the individual by such behavior. Although his production of theater does not exceed three published plays, he managed in these plays to employ individual behavior In general and the aggressive behavior in particular in those plays and study here reveal that character in the plays of Ghassan Kanafani as the problem of research focused to reveal the question, what are the manifestations of aggression in the texts of Ghassan Kanafani play?. The general objective of the research is to reveal the aggressive character in the texts of Ghassan Kanafani play the research. Chapter IV conclusions, conclusions, recommendations and suggestions.

الكلمات الدلالية

Aggressive personality --- الشخصية العدوانية


Article
Strategic planning and its impact on tourism management (A different applied study from the tourist offices in Baghdad)
التخطيط الاستراتيجي وتأثيره على الادارة السياحية (دراسة تطبيقية لعدد من مكاتب السياحة في بغداد)

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الخلاصة

The objective of the research is to identify the strategic planning elements, strategic message, strategic analysis and strategic choice in the tourism administration of a number of tourist offices in Baghdad. The sample was selected to include (13) tourist offices in Baghdad, A questionnaire was developed and distributed to a sample of 90 male and female members of different ages and scientific qualifications. Of these, 86 were recovered for analysis. In order to process the data, a number of statistical methods were used: (arithmetical mean, standard deviation, Man) and the regression coefficient)) using the statistical program (SPSS) were the main findings of the research and there is a positive impact of strategic planning in the tourism administration correlation. The most important recommendations were the need to strengthen the relationship between intellectual and social workers to support strategic planning and develop the level of management of tourism organizations through the establishment of training courses to improve work performance.


Article
Evaluation of The Professional Performance of Faculty of Law Staff according to The national Frame of the Iraqi University Quality Insurance
تقويم الأداء المهني لتدريسيي كلية القانون في ضوء الإطار الوطني لضمان جودة الجامعات العراقية

المؤلفون: Ali Dawood Jwameer علي داود جوامير
الصفحات: 726-737
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الخلاصة

Evaluation of the professional performance for the university teachers at colleges of Law in light of the overall quality standards The study aims to evaluate the professional performance for the teachers of Faculty of Law in light of the overall quality standards from their point of view. The studied sample included the current university professors and teachers at four different colleges of law in Baghdad province including (University of Baghdad, Al-Mustansiriya University, Al Nahreen University and The Iraqi University), the studied sample included (52) professors and teachers of law. To achieve the objectives of the study, the researcher used a questionnaire as the main research tool to collect the intended necessary data and information. and the researcher built a list of teaching standards derived from preliminary survey, previous studies and literatures. The final form of the data collection questionnaire included (70) items divided into five main areas (the objectives, personal and human relations, planning and implementation of the lectures, professionalism and skills and Evaluation(


Article
Content analysis of the practical activities of the fifth scientific grade physics book in the light of GLP standards.
تحليل محتوى الانشطة العملية لكتاب فيزياء الصف الخامس التطبيقي في ضوء معايير المختبر التعليمي الجيد (GLP)

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الخلاصة

The study aimed to analyze the content of the practical activities of the physics writers in the fifth grade according to the standards of the good educational laboratory (GLP). The analytical descriptive approach was used as a tool for analyzing the physics book content in light of the (GLP) standards. The content of the practical activities of the authors of physics in the fifth grade preparatory to a very small percentage, where the rate of inclusion (31.2%).


Article
Developing A Programme of Using Handouts For Teaching Grammar In Intermediate-School and Studying The Effectiveness
تطوير برنامج استخدام المنشورات لتدريس القواعد المدارس المتوسطة ودراسة فعاليتها

المؤلفون: Sura Abbas Obaid . سرى عباس عبيد
الصفحات: 751-757
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الخلاصة

Various methods have been used for teaching grammar at all levels. Teaching grammar to students who study English as a second language has always been a trying experience for teachers in spite of implementing innovative methods and techniques. The researcher realized the special attraction of students for any kind of material that is distributed in the classroom. Students showed special interest and engagement in the printed hand-outs rather than in books. The researcher decided to try using hand-outs for teaching grammar in EFL classrooms.

جدول المحتويات السنة: المجلد: العدد: