Table of content

Journal of Surra Man Raa

مجلة سر من رأى

ISSN: 18136798
Publisher: university of samarra
Faculty:
Language: Arabic and English

This journal is Open Access

About

The Magazine is issued by the faculty of education- university of Samarra. The first issue Was published in 2005 .its quarterly. Four issues a year a dditional publications could be issued in cae of necessiry . its monolingual.

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E-mail: journal.of.surmanraa@gmail.com
Cell phone:009647731686636 – 009647905825190 -- 009647700888734 -- 009647800081044

Table of content: 2018 volume:14 issue:54

Article
Abu Hafs al-Kabir and his Hanafi Mshyakat & school in Bukhara
مشيخة ومدرسة أبي حفص الكبير الحنفية في بخارى

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The fame of Abi Hafs al-Kabir (150-217 AH / 767-832M) dates back to Mashikhtah (a school in the fifth century AH) founded in Bukhara (his hometown and homeland) in the second half of the second century AH, which lasted for centuries. Abu Hafs was able to transfer the knowledge of Shaykh Abu Yusuf and Muhammad ibn al-Hasan al-Shaibani to the countries beyond the river. The Hanafi doctrine spread more than any other Islamic doctrine. The study dealt with the definition of the country beyond the river, then talk about the emergence of the Grandfather of the family (Abu Hafs al-Kabir) and its impact in the Hanafi school, and then the scientific activity carried out by his parents and grand parents after him in achieving the mission of the school, and finally presented some of the Fatawa and opinions of Abu Hafs Various sections of jurisprudence.

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Article
حكم نزع الخف قبل انتهاء المدة -دراسة فقهية مقارنة-

Authors: عماد محمد كريم
Pages: 133-156
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This research examines a vital subject, which needs to be known, as it relates to a cult that is repeated five times a day. It is one of the controversial topics in which scholars and modern scholars differed. The researcher aims to present the views expressed, the statement of the evidence and the discussion, and to determine the correct opinion to be followed, following the descriptive, inductive, and comparative methods. The research consists of an introduction, four chapters and a conclusion.يدرس هذا البحث موضوعًا حيويًا، تمس الحاجة إلى معرفته، كونه يتعلق بعبادة يتكرر في اليوم خمس مرات، وهو موضوع خلافي، اختلف فيه قدامى العلماء ومحدَثيهم. يهدف الباحث إلى عرض الآراء التي قيلت فيه، وبيان أدلتها ومناقشتها، وتعيين الرأي الراجح الذي ينبغي الركون إليه، باتباع المنهج الوصفي، والاستقرائي، والمقارن. وقد تكوَّن البحث من مقدمة وأربعة مباحث وخاتمة.


Article
رسالة في أحكام الشهيد العالم محمد بن حمزة الايديني الكوزل حصاري المتوفى بعد سنة 1121هـ -دراسة وتحقيق-

Authors: نهلة عاشور منسي
Pages: 157-202
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This is a nice message in the Hanafi jurisprudence entitled "Rulings on the Martyr" by Sheikh Imam (Ibn Bin Hamza Al-Aydini Al-Kozl Al-Husayri), known as Haji Amir Zadeh, may God have mercy on him, where the Imam wrote and recommended his disciples: that the martyr is two types of judgment, And he is a Muslim who is charged with immoral deeds, who is unjustly killed, and he does not pay any money and does not inherit. The real martyr is the one who is dedicated to Allaah with special dignity and virtues. He who defends his land, wealth, offer, and family is the one who defends his land. A martyr, and he will give himself, and he will be rewarded with it, for Allah, may He be glorified and exalted, to honor him in this world In the Hereafter, God prepared what was seen and did not endanger the heart of human beings. The article of the manuscript was limited by its words and its many meanings, and there is evidence that the martyr has a position that does not match a position from the moment of his testimony and acceptance to God Almighty and to the Day of Judgment and the Great Penalty. According to the scientific investigation service to the people of science, Vstbtt text and distributed conversations to the correct fluorescence and knew the terms and translated to the media and books and documented issues in the mother of the books Hanafis, Malik and Shaafa'is, and provided them with a study of the life of the author. It should be noted that the sources that were translated into the author did not provide us with sufficient information about him, his life, his origins, or his elders, and I did not find a detailed translation of him as much as I could search, except in his works. It is worth mentioning that in the research I found two students of the work, may God have mercy on him, through what his disciples said in their works.هذه الرسالة لطيفة في الفقه الحنفي بعنوان ) في احكام الشهيد( للشيخ )عالم بن حمزة الايديني الكوزل حصاري( المعروف بحاجي امير زادة، رحمه الله كتب فيها وكان يذكر تلاميذه: أن الشهيد نوعان حكمي شرع له من الأحكام الدنيوية التي يختص بها عن سائر الموتى، كعدم غسله، ودفنه في ثيابه التي قتل فيها، وطهارة دمه، وهو مسلم مكلف طاهر، مقتول ظلماً، ولم يجب به مال ولم يرتث، أما الشهيد الحقيقي: فهو اختصه الله تعالى بكرامات وفضائل مخصوصة، فمن يدافع عن أرضه وماله وعرضه وأهله فهو شهيد ويذود بنفسه ويجود بها حقيقٌ على الله سبحانه وتعالى أن يكرمه في الدنيا، أما في الآخرة فأعد الله ما لاعين رأت ولا خطر على قلب بشر، وقد تفردت مادة المخطوطة بسهولة ألفاظها وجزيل معانيها وفيها من أدلة على أن للشهيد مكانة لا يضاهيها مكانة من لحظة شهادته وتقبله عند الله سبحانه وتعالى، والى يوم الحساب والجزاء العظيم، فاجتهدت نفسي في تحقيقها على وفق التحقيق العلمي خدمة لأهل العلم، فضبطت النص وأوزعت الأحاديث إلى مضانها الصحيحة وعرفت بالمصطلحات وترجمت للأعلام والكتب ووثقت المسائل في أمات الكتب الحنفية والمالكية والشافعية، وقدمت لها بدراسة لحياة المؤلف.

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Article
ظاهرة التكفير المعاصرة (أسبابها وعلاجها)

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The phenomenon of infidel is a satisfactory condition that emerged among the contemporary Islamic societies as it began to emerge early in the history of Islam, and the people suffered their torment in the past, and then it became a phenomenon that occupies people in their councils and forums and developed until it became a phenomenon in our modern times, and the lack of depth in the study of forensic science, and then followed by negligence and shortness of the governors of the matter and scientists, preachers and thinkers, which led to the introduction of some texts without the other texts, and some relied on the particles and presented the colleges, as well as lack of understanding of some texts, and this I dealt with this search. It also dealt with the sense of the ancestors (companions and after them) at the time of the seriousness of the matter and the conviction at the beginning of the matter, as they responded to the seriousness and ruled on the invalidity of their privileges to the principles of Islam and the fair of those with insight and discrimination knows that this matter if the research is rational and diligent and impartiality and freedom and objectivity, It would be first to the right and guidance, because going into the issue of atonement needs to be cautious and cautious. And because the expiation of any person or accusing him of corruption and shadows and delinquency effectively deprives him of his human rights and exposes him to humiliation and murder, and then presents the Islamic community to the division and differences and presents the religious association to the collapse, there is no room to replace it with something else, and aware of Islam the seriousness of the process of infidel, Respect the identity of all who attest to the two testimonies, and adhere to the pillars of religion, and not to question the Islam of those who declare Islam even in the battlefields. In this research, I seek to treat this thought through dialogue and persuasion, and by establishing the argument and evidence through the texts of the Holy Quran, Sunnah, and what is unanimously agreed upon by the scholars, and in light of the interpretations of the scholars and the opinion of scholars. I dealt with him in this research, which he called "The Contemporary Phenomena of Fidel- Causes and Treatment".

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Article
الإبهام في مسند الإمام الشافعي

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Article
المجاورون الأندلسيون والمغاربة في مكة المكرمة في رحلة ابن بطوطة

Authors: وجدان فريق عناد
Pages: 345-366
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Ibn Battuta, one of the most famous historical figures in Islamic civilization, took this fame from his long journey, which preserved historical news that may be rare in describing the countries he visited. Ibn Battuta reported information about almujawirin in the city of Mecca, including Andalusian and almaghariba almujawirin From this information, we can draw a picture of their public life and their relations with the community of Mecca.

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Article
معركة سبيطلة 27هـ/ 647 م

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The Battle of Spitala, which took place in the year 27 AH / 647 AD, was one of the most important battles of Islamic history that took place during the Rashidi era, specifically during the reign of Caliph Uthman ibn Affan (23/35 / 644_656). This battle was one of the battles that contributed to the Islamic conquests outside the Arabian Peninsula , Which gave an honorable picture of the strength of the Muslim Arabs after their arrival to distant places, including Africa, which took place in the battle, has increased the emergence of the military role of Muslim leaders and their leadership of the armies and penetrating prospects, their faith in their cause motivation to achieve victory over the Romans.

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Article
جوانب مهمة من العلاقات السعودية الليبية 1980-2004

Authors: خالد سعود كاظم
Pages: 385-418
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Due to the importance of studying the political relationships between the Arabian countries, the subject of Saudi Arabian- Libyan relationships is considered as one of the changeable subject. Most of the stages of the stumbling relationships between Saudi Arabian and Libya, were characterized by a national sense, which contributed to their endurance until 2004, so that, this research is divided into three sections that tackled, in some details, the main points of these relationship which is the subject of the research.

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Article
الخصائص الحرارية لمنطقة الهضبة الغربية في العراق

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The research focuses on studying the temperature at western plateau area in Iraq (and its extent in Syria, Saudi-Arabia and Jordon). Particularly, the research examines a topographic layer (500 – 1000)m over the Sea Level. The current investigation includes studying of 10 Climatic stations for a period of 30 years (from 1973 to 2003). The period from 1973 to 1996 is excluded for the Jabal-Tenif station. The results revealed that the average of maximum and minimum temperature, the average of seasons and the annual average increase from west or north west to south or south east directions. This is because that this area is affected by Mediterranean Sea. Furthermore, the daily and annual temperature ranges were high at all stations examined. In addition, there were a big temperature range differences from one station to another. Generally, this temperature range increases from south to north direction, the temperature in the study area is lower than the surrounding area, and the continentality was high for the area studied .

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Article
التحليل الجغرافي لإنتاج وتوزيع لحوم الاسماك في العراق

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Fishing is an important activity that take part in developing the food and agricultural industry Bu direct and indirect way. so the fish industry and the care of the verity of its environment that’s lead in direct way to provide food for millions of peoples plus improving the landscape ,provide jobs opportunities and provide capital for the nation If take a look at the Iraqi production of fish in its interior water or from the fish farms we will find it taking the second place after the republic of Egypt. knowing that the that industry still in the beginning and it could be developed to take first places in the international economy The purposes of the research has relied on many reasons one of them Iraq has many resources and watersheds that could make it principle producer of fish, the goal of this research is to study the reasons that effecting natural fishing and the industrial although it has wild base of resources that help to make strategically projects to grow the fish industry and they are as the following:  iraq has lots of natural resources of watershed that distributed on all its parts that make a great natural fishing farms and natural fishing areas.  the human resources play an important part of lowering the product base on rolls of its elements  the developing of the fishing industry depend on the availability of the planning programs to use the suitable areas.  the technical and the mechanisms of classifications of the fish and making maps for it.

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العمل المهني والتكيف الاجتماعي لذوي الإحتياجات الخاصة / الصم أنموذجا

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The aim of the study is to identify the role played by the staff at Al-Amal Institute for the Deaf in Kirkuk through their work in the profession of social service, as well as to identify the ways in which professional work can achieve social adjustment for people with special needs (Deaf). The study was based on a sample of 44 individuals through a comprehensive inventory of the Deaf in the Al-Amal Institute. The study used several methods, including (the social survey method, the historical approach, the statistical method), and tools, including (interview, observation and questionnaire). It also used statistical methods, including (the arithmetic mean, standard deviation, Chi-square (Chi2), and law of proportionality). The study has arrived at a number of conclusions, including that the staff of the Deaf Institute are working hard to serve the deaf students, and the social specialist contributes to the development of non-classroom activities for them, as the staff of the Institute raise the awareness of parents of deaf students and the cooperation between deaf families and the employees of the Institute contributes to their social adjustment.

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التحمل النفسي وعلاقته بالثقة بالنفس ودقة استقبال الإرسال في الكرة الطائرة

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The aim of the research is to identify the psychological endurance relationship with self-confidence and accuracy of the performance of the reception skill in volleyball. The problem of research lies in the lack of interest of some trainers in the psychological aspects in general and psychological tolerance in particular due to their lack of knowledge of the importance of psychological stress and the nature of his relationship to self-confidence and accuracy of skill performance Receiving the transmission in volleyball,The researcher used the descriptive approach in the method of associative relations to suit the nature of the research. The research society was selected in a deliberate manner by the players of the Samarra Volleyball team for the academic year (2017-2018). And the number of the sampile was (16) players, while the sample of the search has reached (13) players after the exclusion of (3) players for the purpose of conducting the exploratory experiment, which accounted for (81.25%) of the original community, the researchers reached the following conclusions: - There is a significant relationship between psychological stress and self-confidence in the research sample. - There is a significant correlation between the psychological stress and accuracy of the reception skill in volleyball in the sample of the research.

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Article
الإذاعات المحلية ودورها في تنمية الوعي الثقافي للشباب الجامعي دراسة ميدانية إذاعة القيثارة تكريت FM أنموذجا

Authors: ياسين طه موسى حمودي
Pages: 575-608
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Media means consider as one of the most important communication means which aim to supply the pulolic with all in for mention and the news in asubjactive way, that to make a huge amount of know ledge, awareness and realization for the audience about the media matters. this would contribut to make a full scene for the events that conside them and help them to make the suitable judges to words the media matters. The local radio achivesthse needs, for its closeness to society, that it creats the society's special characterstics since it meets the cultural and informative needs of that society. The central radio stations couldn't take such role as the local radio, so the researcher has to study the role of local radio to achieve these aims. The researcher takes (AL-QuthiraTikrit) radio as a model, thet the research contains four chapters. Chapter one is about the systematic part of the study. chapter two and three contains the theoretical study. chapter four takes the practical study , conclusions and results . The researcher used the survey methodology and he chooses intentional sample from collage of Art/media depart mentis students to answer a questionnaire which contains siteen statistical table .At the end of the research the researcher concluded many important results which is about the role of AL Qither Tikrit FM radio to enrich the cultural awareness of tikrit university young as a model

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رؤية مستقبلية لتنمية المعلم مهنياً في ضوء اقتصاد المعرفة

Authors: الهام نايف الراجحي
Pages: 609-652
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This study aims to set a proposed prospective vision that can contribute in improving professional development in teachers in the light of knowledge economy. The descriptive analytic approach was used in the study to collect data and information and organize them to explore professional development in teachers and knowledge economy principles, as well as identifing its reflections on professional development . A prospective vision that consists of a philosphy, goals, requirements and procedural steps was developed and proposed to be adopted to implement knowledge economy and its impact on professional development in teachers. The philosophy of the proposed vision relies on that the process of preparing, qualifying and trraining teachers is continuous and is not retricted to information and knowledge that the teachers have acquired in educational institutions only, but it expands to the everlasting professional life. Teachers cannot get along with medern world and its variables unless they persist to refresh, refine and develop their knowledge, skills and experience all life long to be able to effectively produce, dessiminate and exploit knowledge in all social activities. To achieve these tasks, teachers' skills and abilities should be diversified in light of knowledge that helps in reform and development of these skills and abilities. This, in turn, stresses the fact that teachers need to make better use of knowledge by getting higher educational qualification and qualifications in knowledge economy that concentrate on continuous innovation and creativity, on using skills and technology, and on appreciation of mental product. In light of a future vision, some recommendations that may inform educational policy makers and teachers in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia to improve all aspects of education and inform teahers about knowledge economy and to refine their competence were proposed.

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أثر استراتيجية الذكاءات المتعددة في اكتساب مهارات العلم لدى طلاب الصف الرابع الادبي في مادة الجغرافية

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The aim of the research was to identify the effect of the strategy of multiple intelligences in acquiring the skills of science among the fourth grade students in geography. The sample of the study consisted of (60) fourth grade students in Al-Qahtaniyah boys' secondary school to be selected randomly for the academic year 2017-2018 The sample was divided into two experimental and control groups, 30 students for the experimental group and 30 students for the control group. The two researchers were rewarded with the variables of intelligence, previous knowledge test, tribal science skills acquisition, Calculated as (60) daily teaching plans for each of the two research groups, the researchers studied the two research groups themselves, and the research tool was the test of acquiring the skills of science, which consisted of (30) paragraph of the type The objective test (multiple choice) is divided into 6 skills (observation, classification, prediction, conclusion, measurement, reasoning) and five paragraphs per skill. And the calculation of honesty and then the stability of the test was extracted Using the equation (Kyudar - Richardson 20), and verified its validity (Face), and in the light of the results of the research, the researchers found a difference of statistical significance between the average of the experimental group and the average score of the control group and the researchers reached a set of conclusions, recommendations and proposals.

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مفهوم التعايش السلمي وأهم المخاطر التي تهدده وعلاقته بمستوى السلوك العدواني لدى اللاعبين الشباب في الملاعب الشعبية

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This study aimed to identify the concept of peaceful coexistence of youth in futsal stadiums and the most important risks to this coexistence and the role of futsal stadiums in guiding the behavior of young people towards the exercise of futsal and directing this behavior towards peaceful coexistence between them and keep them away from any aggressive behavior will impact negatively on the others and on the society , The researcher used the descriptive approach players were(600) engaging to 60 teams, the sample were (150) players aged between 15-24 years from 25% of the research community. Conclusions: 1. The research sample have a broad understanding of peaceful coexistence and accept each other despite disagreeing. 2. The importance of threats to peaceful coexistence as follows (convulsive speeches of the leaders and the leaders, the lack of justice in the distribution of wealth, lack of freedoms) 3. Decline of a culture of revenge among the sample, where occupied the last rank in order of risk. 4. low level of aggressive behavior. 5. there is no significance relation between peaceful coexistence and aggressive behavior.


Article
Transitivity and Semantic Roles

Authors: Hadher Hussein Abbood
Pages: 721-1-721-26
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يتناول البحث الفكرة الأساسية للتعدي من حيث البنية التركبية اللغوية والذي يمثلها نعموم تشومسكي بنظريته ) 1981 ( من جانب، ومن جانب آخر يتناول مفهوم التعدي للمعنى والوظيفة اللغوية للتركيب والذي يمثلها هاليداي بنظريته ) 1985 (. يحاول الباحث أن يلقى الضوء على الإختلاف البين بين النظريتين وهو أن أحدهما يتناول المفهوم أساسا من كون الفعل متعدى أو لازم )أي هل يحتاج الفعل إلى مفعول أم لا(، وأحدهما يتناول المفهوم من منطلق الدلالة الإسلوبية للنص المطروح.. ومع هذا الإختلاف، يسعى الباحث إلى خلق العديد من الأمثلة لتوضيح أن الاختلاف بين النظريتين يتماشى مع بعضهما البعض، حيث أن الباحث قد ألحق بعض الأمثله من كون الفعل متعدي إلا أنه يتطلب معنى مختلف في الحالتين والبنيتين اللغوية.. فقد يكون الفعل على النطاق النحوي هو فعل متعدي، إلا أنه على النطاق الدلالي والإسلوبي يختلف في إختيار الفاعل أو القائم بالفعل معتمدا على الوظيفة الأساسية للفعل طبقا لنظرية هاليداي.

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Article
Lexical Choices of Optimism and Pessimism in Assyab’s Rain Song

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تناول البحث الحالي مفهومي التفاؤل والتشاؤم من حيث أصل الكلمتان وتعريفهما وأنواعهما والعوامل التي تسببهما. ثم قدم البحث مقدمة عن قصيدة أنشودة المطر للشاعر العراقي الكبير بدر شاكر السياب وذكرت في هذه المقدمة بعض التفاصيل التي توضح مناسبة القصيدة. أما هدف البحث فيتركز على معرفة النمط العام للقصيدة وبيان فيما إذا كانت القصيدة ذات نمط تفاؤلي أم تشاؤمي. وذهب الباحث إلى الافتراض بأن النمط العام للقصيدة هو تفاؤلي. وفي الجانب العملي للبحث فقد تم تقسيم القصيدة إلى إحدى عشر قسما ليسهل على الباحث تحليلها. وقد كشفت عملية التحليل غزارة العبارات والمفردات التي استخدمها الشاعر للتنقل بقارئه مابين التفاؤل والتشاؤم في عالم أسطوري رسمه بفرشاة كلماته المميزة معبرا عن أحزانه الشخصية وهموم وطنه الذي يعيش الشقاء تارة، وتارة ينثر الأمل والتفاؤل ويتمرد على اليأس. وقد توصل البحث إلى أن الشاعر نجح بشكل كبير في التعبير عن حالتي التفاؤل والتشاؤم ولم يكتفي باستخدام عبارات خاصة لكل منهما بل راح يعبر بنفس المفردات أحيانا عن كليهما لكن بمواقف مختلفة، وأشهر هذه الكلمات كلمة "مطر" التي جاءت لتدل على الأمل في قوله )أكاد اسمع النخيل يشرب المطر( وعلى الحزن في قوله )أتعلمين أي حزن يبعث المطر؟(. كما توصل البحث إلى ما يؤكد الفرضية الموضوعة بأن التفاؤل هو النمط العام للقصيدة و يبدو ان الشاعر لم يغفل عن ذلك أيضا لهذا اختار ان يضع في عنوان القصيدة مفردة )أنشودة( والتي تعني ضمنيا )البهجة والأمل(.


Article
A Critical Discourse Analysis of A Critical Discourse Analysis of Tweets on Twitter in the 20th January 2009

Authors: Alaa Muhy Al-Deen Fadhil --- Waqqas Saadi Ismael
Pages: 725-55-725-70
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A Critical Discourse Analysis (henceforth CDA) is a socio-politically oriented approach which deals with language in terms of the social relations through the written texts and spoken talks. Politically, CDA is seen as a crucial factor which helps analysing the covert and overt ideologies presented by politicians' statement. Accordingly, the current study tries to shed some light on some selected inaugural tweets on Twitter by the 44th American President Barack Hussein Obama. The analysis, carried out in this study, is basically based on the assumptions of CDA viewed by Norman Fairclough (1995) who states that "ideologies reside in texts and it is not possible to read off these ideologies from texts and these texts are open to diverse interpretations". In this case, an analysis should critically be presented in order to read off the ideologies resided in texts and talks. Therefore, the followed CDA in this study is ideologically oriented in order to reveal the persuasive strategies enshrined in Obama's inaugural tweets on Twitter.


Article
Modality and the Modal Particle al-Laam In Arabic A Semantic and Syntactic Study

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Abstract

Studies about modality in English language are performed generally in relation to the Modal Auxiliary system. Efforts are directed towards finding the best way to identify the subtle, multiple and sometimes identical meanings that modals evoke. In Arabic language there is no modal system counterpart in same way in English. For this reason, studies are conducted about studying translational equivalence in Arabic instead. In the present paper, it is assumed that particle system in Standard Arabic hence forth SA are the nearest class to the English Modal Auxiliary at the formal and semantic level. One of these particles namely, (al-Laam) is chosen to study because it is considered as one of the most problematic and vast meanings particle in its group. The paper presents a formal description, semantic classificion of meanings and syntactic classification for this particle. Moreover, the paper resort to parsing to identify the the intended meaning of it.يتناول البحث ثلاثة نقاط مترابطة: النقطة الاولى تتعلق بعقد مقارنة بين الموقفية في الانكليزية ممثلة بالافعال المساعدة والموقفية في العربية الفصحى ممثلة بحروف المعاني تتم في تقديم تفسير اللغويين قديما وحديثا لظاهرة التعدد والاشتراك في المعاني لهذه المجموعتين في اللغتين. والنقطة الثانية تتعلق بدراسة حرف اللام في اللغة العربية الفصحى كممثل لمجموعة حروف المعاني وذلك لتعدد معانيه و وظائفة النحوية ،حيث يتم تقديم وصف شكلي لحرف اللام ومن ثم يتبعه تصنيف لانواع اللام بحسب نظرية العمل في العربية بعد ذلك تصنف معاني اللام الى ثلاثة انواع بصورة تحاكي التصنيف الانكليزى لانواع الموقفية. اما النقطة الثالثة فتتضمن تطبيق للنظرة الحديثة القائلة بدور الاعراب في تحديد معاني الادوات وذلك بالاستعانة بأمثلة من القرآن الكريم.ومن ثم يخلص البحث الى مجموعة من النتائج تتمثل بالتشابه على المستوى النظري في تفسير التعدد والاشتراك الحاصل في معاني الافعال المساعدة في الانكليزية و حروف المعاني في العربية الفصحى وكذلك التوصل الى وجود تشابه في معاني حرف )اللام( مع معاني الفعل المساعد في الانكليزية (Shall ). و اخيرا فيما يخص التوصيات يمكن الاستفادة من هذا البحث او تطويره في دراسة ترجمة معاني اللام في القرآن الكريم الى الانكليزية.

Keywords

Modality --- Modal particle --- Parsing.

Table of content: volume:14 issue:54