جدول المحتويات

مجلة كلية التربية الأساسية للعلوم التربوية والإنسانية

ISSN: 23043717 23128003
الجامعة: جامعة بابل
الكلية: التربية الاساسية
اللغة: Arabic

This journal is Open Access

حول المجلة

المجلة تهتم بالبحوث العلمية في المجالات التربوية والإنسانية، وهي مجلة فصلية تصدر كل ٣ أشهر، وصدر أول عدد في عام ٢٠٠٩م، تخضع البحوث المنشورة إلى تقويم علمي من قبل مختصين في مجال البحث المراد نشره قبل عملية النشر.

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معلومات الاتصال

mcbe_babylon@yahoo.com
07801733667

جدول المحتويات السنة: 2018 المجلد: العدد: 41

Article
The perceptions of teachers of elementary, middle and secondary education towards learning through the STEM entrance in Afif governorate
تصورات معلمي ومعلمات العلوم للمرحلة الابتدائية والمتوسطة والثانوية نحو التعلم عن طريق مدخل STEM في محافظة عفيف

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الخلاصة

The Ministry of Education strives to improve the students' understanding of scientific knowledge by designing programs that seek to develop the abilities of teachers, to enable them to teach effectively, and to motivate them to gain more scientific knowledge. The present study sheds light on the perceptions of primary, intermediate and secondary school teachers of science towards learning using the STEM model. The population of this study consists of (206) male and female science teachers in primary, preparatory and secondary schools in Afif Governorate. The study used the descriptive approach based on the measurements of (Al-Enezi and Algeber 2017) that consists of two axes: the first is to reveal teachers’ perception of the use of the (STEM) technique and it was composed of 16 phrases and the second is to probe their knowledge about the teaching requirements for the use of STEM and it included (14) phrases. The answers were classified using three levels: (low, medium, and high). One of the most important result of the current study is that there was statistically significant difference at level of (0.01) in the teachers’ perception towards the STEM technique based on gender variable and it was in favor of female teachers compared to male teachers as well as significant statistically differences at the level of (0.01) in teachers' perception of STEM based on the specialization variable. The most important recommendation is to use the different models as the results showed that the teachers’ attitudes towards this were insignificant, whereas STEM underlines the need to help students achieve a deep understanding of scientific issues


Article
Jeweler and the fight against global Zionism between the tragedies of the Nakba and the setback
الجواهري ومكافحة الصهيونية العالمية بین فاجعتي النكبة والنكسة أستاذ مشارك دكتور صادق فتحي دهكردي (الكاتب المسؤول)

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الخلاصة

After the end of the Second World War, the Arab and Islamic peoples tried to search for themselves after obliterating their identity through the influence of factors beyond their control and purely colonial motives. The writers and poets ridiculed their art to shed light on the issues of their societies, Where the tragedy occupied a wide area of poetry «Mohammed Mahdi Jeweler», which was filmed the most accurate portrayal and employs his literature to warn of the consequences of the plot that was planned for the Aqsa Mosque was his poems torch carried in the night of the nation at that time. This research shows the position and position of the Jeweler towards the Palestinian cause, the Palestinian Nakba and the Nakba, and how he hoped for the Palestinian and Arab revolutionaries and played a prominent role in raising the awareness of the Arab and Islamic peoples. The reading of this research shows that the jeweler made the poem a cry to warn against the consequences of the conspiracy that led to Palestine and almost swallowed up other Arab regions to annex it to the fate of Andalusia and urged the Palestinian and Arab youth to fight the invaders and regain the occupied Palestine by force. And removed the mask for the failure of Arab leaders, carrying the defeats inflicted on the Arab nation. He criticized the policy of normalization and acceptance of the status quo, and ridiculed the solutions of surrender


Article
The voice of Hamza in the ancients and modern
صوت الهمزة عند القدماء والمحدَثين

المؤلفون: Shousha Mohamed Reda شوشة محمد رضا
الصفحات: 40-47
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الخلاصة

This article presents a research problem relating to the voice of the Hamza in the old and modern, and provides an audio approach between linguists, readers and contemporary phonogists, analyzing texts, comparing them and drawing some conclusions. The article ended with the hardness of the voice of the Hamza, the severity of its pronunciation, and its exit, and concluded to register a discrepancy in the description of Hamza between the ancients and the modern.


Article
The reality of students and students with special needs in Sudanese public universities from the point of view of their ordinary colleagues (Students and students with special needs at Al-Jazira University)
واقع الطلاب والطالبات ذوي الاحتياجات الخاصة في الجامعات الحكومية السودانية من وجهة نظر زملائهم العاديين (الطلاب والطالبات ذوي الاحتياجات الخاصة بجامعة الجزيرة نموذجاً)

المؤلفون: Maki Babaker Saeed Dewa مكي بابكر سعيد ديوا
الصفحات: 48-64
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الخلاصة

The study aimed to identify the reality of students with special needs in the Sudanese public universities from the point of view of their ordinary colleagues and took the study of Al-Jazira University as a model. This study aimed to identify the differences between students and students with special needs in benefiting from the services provided by Al- The aim of the study was to study the differences between students and ordinary students in assessing the reality of students and students with special needs at Al-Jazira University, which is attributed to the academic level. The results of the study were analyzed using the SPSS program. The most important results of the study were: (1) That the students and students with special needs at Al-Jazira State University of Sudan enjoy respect and special status in the administration of the university and among the university community, the study also proved the absence of statistically significant differences between students and students in need The study recommended the need to develop and codify the services provided by the students in the evaluation of the status of students and students with special needs in the use of the services provided due to the level of study. For students with special needs in Sudanese universities and the need to establish a body within each university college dealing with the affairs of people with special needs and their management.


Article
The effectiveness of a proposed program to develop creativity to reduce aggressive behavior in adolescents
فاعلية برنامج مقترح لتنمية الإبداع للحد من السلوك العدواني لدى المراهقين

المؤلفون: Helal Mohammed Nami Al Harthei هلال محمد الحارثي
الصفحات: 65-76
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الخلاصة

The aim of this research is to find out the effect of the proposed creative development program to reduce aggressive behavior among adolescents in the first grade secondary school in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. In order to achieve the objectives of the research and hypotheses, the researcher followed the two approaches: analytical descriptive approach, semi-experimental approach, and the researcher used the research tool of the measure of aggressive behavior (prepared by Abu Hatab, 2002), where the number of paragraphs in the initial image of (60) (9) paragraphs of it, after being presented to specialized arbitrators; to be adapted to the Saudi environment, and finally became a component of (51) four dimensions represented: (aggression towards the self, aggression towards others, aggression towards property , And exit on behavioral standards), and then his credibility and stability were statistically verified , And the researcher tested the hypotheses of the research using the test "T" to indicate the differences between the two groups, and then it was applied to a sample of (120) students, where the highest quadrant was used to identify students who suffer from the phenomenon of aggressive behavior, (15) students, one experimental and the other an officer from the Yacout Al-Hamawi Secondary School for Boys, where the proposed program for the development of creativity (12) weeks was applied with one session per week , Except for the first week (two sessions) and set the time The results of the study showed that there were no statistically significant differences between the scores of the experimental group and the control group to reduce the aggressive behavior in the tribal test before applying the proposed program for the development of creativity, and the presence of There were statistically significant differences between the scores of the experimental group and the control group to reduce the aggressive behavior in the post-test after applying the proposed program for the development of creativity. There were statistically significant differences between the average scores of the experimental group students in the In order to reduce the aggressive behavior after applying the proposed program for the development of creativity, and in the light of the results of the research, the researcher recommended that all those involved in the curriculum and programs of student activity, guidance and guidance, and gifted at the Ministry of Education, Create programs to develop creativity, and thus work to reduce aggressive behavior in adolescents.


Article
Figures of Thought and their Instruments in Amal Dinghol the poet's Al-khoyoul
الصّور الفنّیة وآلیّاتُها في قصيدة الخیول للشّاعر أمل دنقل

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الخلاصة

Figures of Thought are not, despite what some researchers have said, only used to beautify the poem. Many of great Arab poets attended to these figures very much and tried to make figures of thought and use them. Figures of Thought are the necessary element of any poem; i.e. if something doesn’t have figures of thought, it is not a poem and will have limited impact on its recipients and can’t excite them. A figure of thought is a tool both to beautify the poem and to let the poet explain his sentiments. Figures of thought are structures which are employed by the poet to explain the meaning he has inwards. Amal Donghol, the poet, is one of the poets who have extraordinary capability to create figures of thought in their odes. One of his odes named Al-khoyoul had a great echo because it has figures of thought and instruments. Speculation makes it clear that these figures are symbols which are pointing to the Arab greatness era, brilliant Islamic conquests and their nowadays lack of progress. These three themes are new subjects which are said by using figures of thought and instruments. The method of this study is descriptive- analytic.


Article
This article is sponsored by the Iran National science Foundation (INSF) A look at the geographical location of the Khasam tribe Early Islam
هذه المقالة برعاية (INSF) نظرة على الموقع الجغرافي لقبيلة خثعم في صدر الإسلام

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الخلاصة

Geography is the knowledge of the relationship and dependence between environmental factors that affects the lives of the residents of each area because man is a geographical phenomenon and the geographical location is as influential factor on land and it is also the first step in identifying the history of each tribe because every tribe has its own specific geographic location and the greatness of the historical and cultural tribe is obtained with its geographical study and with this study can be realized somewhat to the past and the political and economic situation of that tribe In the meantime, Yemen is one of the areas that is located in the southwest of the Arabian peninsula that many tribes were living there one of the tribes, called "Khasam" and the specific climate and natural position led to the income Of the tribe provided through agriculture and trade and commerce So that destroyed the dam of" Marab" and began the migration of this tribe and they settled in the "Serat" of Yemen Cities like: "Tebaleh", "Bisheh", "Jarash" and "Vady Shora" and there were various markets in the life of this tribe and these markets was influential on political, economic and social life of this tribe In this article we used from numerous historical sources in Arabic and Persian to express the geographic of" Khasam" tribe.


Article
The position of the second state of the internal meeting of the Assembly and its role in the meeting of the ten decade
موقف الولاية الثانية من اجتماع عقداء الداخل ودورها في اجتماع عقداء العشر

المؤلفون: Hamza Ishaq Zeitouni حمزة إسحاق زيتوني
الصفحات: 96-102
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الخلاصة

The psychological warfare was the most serious of the wars fought by the National Liberation Front against French colonialism where the revolution received painful blows that shook its entity. The French intelligence relied on the principle of infiltration into the entity of the revolution and spreading rumors of misguided and misleading its leaders, which allowed its destruction from within after being unable to confront and end it Through the military decision, under these circumstances resorted to the leaders of the revolution to meet to assess the situation and to take decisive decisions through which to address the strategy of the French administration, which is threatening the continuity of the revolution.


Article
Developing Arabic language textbooks for non-Arabic speakers in the light of enhanced reality technology
تطوير كتب تعليم اللغة العربية للناطقين بغيرها في ضوء تقنية الواقع المُعزَّز

المؤلفون: Rami Alkhalaf Alabdulla رامي الخلف العبدالله
الصفحات: 103-113
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الخلاصة

In this research, the definition of this technique and its characteristics and objectives and application in the books of teaching Arabic language to non-speakers .. Then mention the books that included this technique is almost rare in the field of teaching Arabic to non-native speakers, and explained how to employ this technology and mechanism of work In the books that I have hired, and presented a suggested scenario for the development of Arabic language textbooks for non-Arabic speakers in light of the enhanced reality technology.


Article
The historical field of Dedicated and delay in the Holy Quran between Al-Jorjani and Al-Zamkhari
الحقل الدلالي للتقدیم والتأخیر في القرآن الكریم بین الجرجاني والزمخشري المفعول ¬به نموذجاً

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الخلاصة

Dedicated and Delay are One of the features of Arabic language and One of the most important issues between grammar and rhetoric Which indicates the flexibility and vitality of language That Provides an opportunity for a speaker or writer To provide what he wants for the purpose of the meaning، It is also one of the main reasons for the need for expression and the beauty of the text This art reached its peak in the Qur'an. Because the Dedicated and Delay in it is completely systematic and indicates its miraculous statement، Furthermore it increases the beauty of style and good expression. Al-Jorjani and Al-Zamkhari have different views and opinions on this subject، Therefore, this study seeks to shed light on the study of Dedicated and Delay according to the view of Al-Jorgani and Zamakhshari in the Holy Qur'an By descriptive-analytical method and uncovering From its hidden angles And the extent of difference and agreement between Jorjani and Zamakhshari in this regard. Dedicated and Delay are given by changing the grammatical structure sometimes and is sometimes logical، So some words are presented for specific purposes without any change in grammatical structure. Al-Jorgani and Al-Zamakhshari have shown their tendency to interpret Dedicated and delay in verses of the Holy Qur'an.The results indicated that Al-Jorjani has a precise reading of the subject and Zamakhshari even if he followed him, but he has a look that sometimes contradicts him and seeks to use the Dedicated and Delay to support the origins of his belief.


Article
The Incorporation of Social Network As Teaching & Learning Electronic Portfolio (A Case Study on Facebook)
تأسيس الشبكة الاجتماعية كمحفظة تعليمية وتعليمية )دراسة حالة على الفيس بوك(

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الخلاصة

This article aims at investigating the potential of applying the Social Network (Facebook) as a teaching electronic portfolio at the University level. The researchers adopted the descriptive method utilizing the test and the questionnaire as the main tools for yielding the required data. The subjects of the study included (50) English language teachers across various Sudanese universities along with (25) students majoring English in the second year at University of Kassala who have Facebook accounts whereby were taught online inside a Facebook group. The gathered data have been processed using SPSS program. Finally, according to the results, it became evident that there is practical and effective use for Facebook to be applied as teaching and learning electronic portfolio on the academic and educational sites especially at the university level in these respects that learners’ performance can easily be monitored and assessed through the social network, teachers and students can collaborate in a secure, closed environment on Facebook group, teachers can maintain a personal content library and share content with members and finally students can instantly access their files through their cloud-based ‘Library’.


Article
The Results of Philosophical Grammarians, when they Violated their Grammar Of the Poetic Examples
تخريجات النحاة الفلسفية لما خالف أقيستهم من الشواهد الشعرية

المؤلفون: Ayman Mostafa Taha Sultan أيمن مصطفى طه سلطان
الصفحات: 143-159
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الخلاصة

This study dealt with the results of philosophical grammarians, when they violated their grammar. The study is important to know how it’s used in context and its linguistics’ used, and how the grammarians went back to take the citations that violated their measurement, which put their painted origins. They met these citations with languages’ play and denied some of them, despite the recognition of their fluency, which led them for far outcomes which look differently from surface structure, and it is away from the meaning which is said, all this because it did not fall under their origins that they put, which made grammar subjected to philosophy and logic. This descriptive, analytical study has come up with the followings:

الكلمات الدلالية

Graduation --- Logic --- Carting. --- التخريج، المنطق، النقل.


Article
This article is sponsored by the Iran National science Foundation (INSF) The Process of Accepting Islam in the Khasam Tribe
هذه المقالة برعاية (INSF) عملية قبول الإسلام في القبيلة الخثعم

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الخلاصة

History of Islam is not separate from Arab history, and it has to be recalled to the history of the tribes of the island of Al-Arab for the knowledge of Islam and it is important to know how was the spread of islam among the tribes, and we should enter through the passage of ignorance into the era of Islam and understand its role and effect among the tribes. It was a time when the era of ignorance was dominated by horror and anxiety, and the tribes were in conflict, and the geographical location of the island of al-Arab prevented the formation of a central government and its disorder, and each tribe had its own culture and customs. Islam Born to become the greatest event of human history, the Prophet invited the people to accept Islam in three stages: the secret, private and public because the proclamation of a call to Islam was not tolerable for all at all.


Article
Coherence and Ambiguity School in Sharafaddin al-Ansari,s Poem
مذهب الانسجام والتوریة عند شرف الدین الانصاری

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الخلاصة

Pun and an antithesis formed a literary school at 6th century(A.H) and there were many poets in this school. Then at the century (A.H) appeared some changes. In thes period they regarded Pun more than antithesis and there were many books and writings about this point. There were another school againt this school whose name was ambiguity and coherence school or Hilal magic school. In this field we can say about two trends. First one trend was formed by Ghazi Fazel in Egypt. But we should say that Ambiguity school was corrent in Fatemi era in the beginning of sth century (A.H). Second one trend which was established by Sharafaddin Ansari in Sham. He was the person who made easier ambiguity and becam the pioneer of Coherence and Ambiguity School and these poetic figures appeared on his poems. The aim if this research in the investigation of coherence and ambiguity school and showing the place of its former because Sharafaddin Ansari himself believed it and used coherence in base meaning and in poetic approach. There are a lot of poems in his Divan that ambiguity figures which are the base of his poetic school have been used in their poems many poets such as Shabbozzarif continued his method so in this research we investigate some Ansaris poems by using descriptive-analytical method.


Article
The Symbolic Photgraphy Artistics in Sophysim Poety
فنيات التصوير الرمزي في الشعر الصوفي

المؤلفون: Ziena Qurffa زينة قرفة
الصفحات: 177-185
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الخلاصة

The browser of Sufism books and their expressions and their meanings finds that they have adapted for themselves as their own special reflexes, so that their purposes and meanings are different from what is known to the common people of understanding of those words. The language of the Sufis is characterized by the symbolism and the signs that can not be understood by others. The reason for this is that the divine secrets and spiritual realities are not descriptive and often unambiguous, so it was natural for Sufism to rely on indirect methods.The language of them is a large and multi-iconic format of a mysterious and special character, and its beauty lies in the intention of the author and his experience and the mystical concepts of Sufism, coded, and sugزظgestive and suggestive, and I have attempted through this article to focus on some of the most important symbols used in Sufism poetry


Article
Iranian involvement in Arabic lexicography Case study: vocabulary almohit Firoozabadi
مساهمة الإيرانيين في ازدهار الصناعة المعجميّة في اللغة العربية (القاموس المحيط للفيروزآبادي نموذجاً)

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الخلاصة

In Islamic culture and civilization of Iranian involvement is limited to grammar and poetry and prose, but they were also involved in linguistics and lexicography culture Arab dictionary capable hands Khalil bin Ahmed Farahidi first writing in the second century AD, with the state of culture "Al Ain" knew. In the centuries that followed, especially the eighth century Iranian scholars such as He went into the dangerous areas and the rich culture of the Arabs provoked Alqamoos almohit surprises. The structure and material culture of many cultures before his vocabulary was superior. The importance of "Alqamoos almohit" The same thing is enough to know that this dictionary is the only dictionary that was translated into Latin in 1632 AD in Italy. This paper examines the role and participation of the Undhga,ajerlying Alqamoos almohit Persian dictionary Arabic writing addressed, and to express its most important features is applied. In addition to differences with others dictionaries as well. The most important findings can be pointed out Alqamoos almohit for being concise and correct bugs before your dictionaries and dictionaries of other systems offer superior vocabulary and verb Also on the dictionary "almohit environment" Bostani, and 'Resource Aqrb per Passover Arabic and Alshavared "Said Khoury affected Shrtoony Materia confirm the obvious presence and involvement and other features of Alqamoos almohit and Persian, and would know the show went on to Other languages and the influence of the native language is Persian..


Article
Streptococcus Nodules and its Danger ( Secularism as an Example)
النوازل العقدية وخطرها (العلمانية أنموذجا)

المؤلفون: Ali Adlawai علي عدلاوي
الصفحات: 195-202
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الخلاصة

The Islamic nation was devastated after the fall of the Ottoman Caliphate by secularism coming from the oppressive Crusader West, leaving its devastating effects on the Muslim world, both individually and collectively, at the grassroots and official levels, and in all spheres of life: social, economic, political and educational., Even called for full application, even if the opposition necessarily opposed to religion.


Article
The External rhythmic Structure of the Blame of Ibn Sahel Alasraali
البنية الإیقاعية الخارجية لموشح «اللوم لللاحي» لابن سهل الإسرائیلي

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الخلاصة

This study attempts to study the external rhythmic structure in one of the illustrations of Ibn Sahl, called "blame for the laity" Through the analytical descriptive descriptive method to study this phenomenon The research focused on the study of the partial components of the rhythmic structure in the diagram, such as rhythmic cutting, sea, skis, rams and rhymes, each one separately. One of the most important results reached by the article is that the thesis came in the Sea of Riggs, in contrast to the well-known form of the system of mosaics, and that the poet's color is characterized by types of skis and ills, creating different and different rhythms.


Article
Method of the Excitement and Iintimidation with people of the book in surah Al-Baqarah and Al Imran
أسلوب الترغيب والترهيب مع أهل الكتاب في سورتي البقرة وآل عمران

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الخلاصة

The purpose of this research is to highlight the method of excitement and intimidation with the people of the book in the Sourat al-Baqarah and Ali ‘Imran. and to show the personality of the people of the book. However, the call of the people of the Book must be made by influential methods. This style is among their preaching methods in which there is preaching with happy news and warning. and it shows the emotional approach in which to bring benefit and pay harmful. Using the method of inductive and analytical reasoning by collecting information from ancient and modern sources related to the subject, and the Quranic verses in which the method of excitement and intimidation with the people the book in the two sections of the cow and Ali ‘Imran, analyzed and used. Thus, it concludes that the Soras are rich in excitement and intimidation with the people of the book, and that the contemporary Muslim can benefit from the method at any time and place, taking into account, of these invitees and their circumstances.


Article
The Effect of using wiki in Teaching the computer on the achievement of the students of the third intermediate in Balgharshi Governorate
أثر استخدام تطبيق الويكي (Wiki) في تدريس مادة الحاسب الآلي على التحصيل الدراسي لدى طلاب الصف الثالث متوسط

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الخلاصة

The aim of this study is to design a wiki-based learning program in teaching the second unit of the Computer and Information Technology course "Find My Information" for third grade students in Balgharshi governorate and to reveal its effect on the development of academic achievement. The study follows the semi-experimental method, using two experimental and control groups, The study sample consisted of (30) students of the third grade in Balgharshi governorate, randomly distributed to the experimental groups (15) studied using the wiki-based learning program, and (15) controls (studied in the usual way).The tools of the study were in the achievement test to measure the concepts of the second unit of the computer and information technology course "Find My Information" in the third grade students, consisted of (30) items type of multiple choice, has been confirmed One of the psychometric characteristics of the study tools is the validity and Reliability of applying on exploratory sample from outside the sample stud


Article
Degree of Utilization of Management by Wandering Around by Secondary Schools' Principals at the Governorate of Jericho & AL-Aghwar and its Relation to Organizational Trust of their Teachers.
درجة ممارسة مديري المدارس الثانوية في محافظة اريحا والاغوار للإدارة بالتجوال وعلاقتها بالثقة التنظيمية لدى معلميهم

المؤلفون: Kamal Mukhamrh كمال مخامرة
الصفحات: 234-251
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الخلاصة

The study aims at recognizing the degree of utilization of management by wandering around (MBWA) by secondary schools principals at the Governorate of Jericho & Al-Aghwar and its relation to organizational trust of their Teachers. It also aims to identify the effect of gender, academic qualification and years of experience variables on the degree of utilization of MBWA and the teachers' level of organizational trust. A 120-sample selected from a population of 293 teachers from all secondary schools comprised the subjects of the study. The researcher used a questionnaire of MBWA & another one for the organizational trust. Results of the study showed that the degrees of utilizing MBWA and the level of organizational trust were medium. There was a significant positive correlation between the utilization of MBWA and the organizational trust. Results also showed that there were statistically significant differences for the degree of MBWA attributed to gender variable with no differences that can be attributed to academic qualification and years of experience. There were no statistically significant differences for the level of organizational trust that can be attributed to gender, academic qualification and years of experience.


Article
The Comparison and Analysis of Ibrahim Mostafa’s “Ehya al-nahw” and Shoghi Zyf’s “Tajdid al-nahw”
النحو الجديد بين إبراهیم مصطفی وشوقي ضیف تحليل ومقارنة

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الخلاصة

The syntax combined with other sciences such as Logic and Philosophy and applying a variety of analogies, interpretations, understandings and paraphrases made some people to think about the idea of getting rid of these complex issues and trying to simplify and re-edify them. Ibn Maza Qurtubi was one the first people who criticized the old syntax in his book “al-Rad ala al-Nohat”. This article, based on a review on Shoghi Zyf’s “Tajdid al-nahw” and Ibrahim Mostafa’s “Ehya al-nahw” and a comparison between them using a descriptive or an analytical approach, is trying to show how successful they were in implementing their method. We have found that Shoghi Zyf was only managed to offer a new category of the content, merged, deleted and transferred some issues. His statements were sometimes contradictory and he failed to implement his method. Mustafa Ibrahim’s achievements could be seen in his theoretical and systematic thoughts. He had the courage to criticize the old-style syntax but he was generally influenced by the ideas of Ibn Maza and not successful in many of his own ideas.


Article
A Symmetrical Comparison of “Aladhafaa” in Arabic and Persian Languages
مقارنة منهجیة بین "الإضافة" في العربية والفارسية

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الخلاصة

The survey of noun- attributions in Arabic and Farsi the context of these articles is of syntactic Ian and symmetrically between the two Arabic and farSi Languages i.e. the discussion of noun- attributions. It is not hidden to anyone that the noun- attributions discussion, is a complex that somehow plays an important role in the Language and consists of different operational workings such as the connection between two related nouns it in that sauce one has related attribution meaning for the other and the name differentiation to the obligatory attributions and unobligatory- attributions and… such are. The article in its extent has been trying to discuss this topic carefully in the context of two languages. And a symmetrically between the knolls of attributors and their different operations to be brought about, to the profundity of a scientific discussion and g hope that the survey researchers can gain adequate uses of this article.


Article
Women and important role`s at educational and social levels
المرأة ودورها الاجتماعي والتربوي في أشعار نزار قباني

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الخلاصة

Women have their own special peculiarities which make them different from men in playing a highly important role at educational and social levels. The woman has an important message in playing role as mother and during her youth she carries the child and feels her child during childhood. The mother stand up to affection of the children till the last breath as this is seen in all issues of Arab literature and is especially reflected in poetry. We are trying to study, by adopting a descriptive and analytic approach, the social and educational role of women in this research and by studying the poems of contemporary Arab poet, Nazar Qabani, who has focused on the issue of women. This study concludes that women play a superior role in building up of societies and generations; therefore Qabani realized this role well as it has been reflected in his poetry. This research also shows that the contemporary women have played their social and educational roles during developments and events taking place in the Arab Society. This part cannot be ignored in the contemporary Arab world.


Article
رؤية نقدية إلی تأثّر الأدب الأروبي بالأدب الفارسي
A Study of the Effect of European Literature From Persian Literature

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الخلاصة

The impact of the language and literature of the countries is inevitable. The observation of the influence of Iranian literature in the West shows that these two languages have been linked periodically. The purpose of this study is to examine the time and how this familiarity is to better and more accurately illustrate how and in what ways this connection and impact have been. For this purpose, the necessary data from the books were collected and analyzed by selecting the method of descriptive-analytical research and the use of document and library tools. The results of the research showed that the first western acquaintance with Iranian literature dates back to the 16th century. When Europeans travel to Iran for tourism business, tourism. And when they returned to their country, they received samples of Persian literary texts as gifts. In addition, several factors influencing the development of Persian literature in Europe have been effective since the sixteenth century in many ways. One of the most prominent of them was the establishment of Farsi teaching places in European universities or the formation of scholarly associations and Oriental studies in the West. The institutions that have certainly been involved in the translation of Persian texts in the official Persian language environment of the Persian language And has brought ordinary people and European artists together with various literary texts, including mystical, moral and storytelling.


Article
The effectiveness of a training program to develop emotional intelligence and its impact on increasing some language communication skills in children with autism spectrum disorder
فعالية برنامج تدريبي لتنمية الذكاء الوجداني وأثره على زيادة بعض مهارات التواصل اللغوي لدى الأطفال المصابين باضطراب طيف التوحد

المؤلفون: Khaled Ghazi Aldalbhi خالد غازي الدلبحي
الصفحات: 295-322
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الخلاصة

The study aimed to find out the impact of emotional intelligence program in the development of some linguistic communication in children of Autism Spectrum Disorder, and some guidance and assistance in the development of linguistic communication, the study depended on the experimental approach through the sample of children with Autism Spectrum Disorder. The association of the families of autism charity in historical buildings in Riyadh, which consisted of 8 children It consisted of two groups: a experimental group of 4 children (Two males, two females) and a control group of 4 children (two males, two females), aged between 8- 12 age and have deficiencies in linguistic communication. The findings confirmed that the measures of the program based on emotional intelligence that focuses on visual stimuli to children with autism have had a positive impact on the skill of the linguistic communication to children with autism as the merger between professional behavior modification gives better results in overcoming the problems and difficulties of children of autism.


Article
A study of the symbols of hyena and herd of antelope in poet Tamim Al-Barghouthi’s ode Mesr
دراسة رمزیة لصورة الضّبع وسرب الغزال في قصیدة مصر للشاعر تمیم البرغوثيّ

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الخلاصة

Using “Figures of Thought/Speech” (or as abbreviated so forth: “Figures”) is, generally speaking, a literary technique to make the recipient pleasure and impress her or him. These figures have important symbols within, and everybody can learn from them. Great Arab poets, both ancient and contemporary, have tried their best to make figures in their poems. They use figures to say their subject indirectly, because by indirect speaking, they can talk about political and social affairs of their society; and more importantly, indirect speaking is, in comparison with direct speaking, more beautiful and excites the recipients more. One the contemporary poets who is brilliant in making figures is poet Tamim Al-Barghouthi. One of his famous odes is named Mesr (Egypt). There, Al-Barghouthi advocates Islamic nations (Islamic Ummah) and stands against their predator enemies. Hyena is the symbol used to refer these enemies and also to any cruel person who wants to destroy Islam’s sacredness. A herd of antelope is the symbol of Islamic nations who are not united and therefore are dispersed. The poet wishes and seeks the herd of antelope (Arab nations) to unite and resist against hyena (their common enemy). In other words, the poet invites, using figures and with a symbolic language, all Arab nations to brotherhood and to unite against enemies. Last to say is about the method of this study; it is descriptive-analytic.


Article
The study of translation of "Jesus The Son Of Man" by Tharwat okasha
دراسة في ترجمة كتاب "عيسى ابن الإنسان" لثروت عكاشه

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الخلاصة

The translations of Tharwat okasha of Khalil Gibran's English books can be considered the best translations that have been published until now. By his fluent and smooth writing style, he translated these books into Arabic in accordance with the style of Gibran's Arabic works. Despite of its accuracy and literary beauties, some mismatches are detected. In this article, the translation of "Jesus the son of man" has been chosen, analysed and compared with the source text. Some instances have been extracted and discussed from three different aspects. First addition of unnecessary elements, second oblique translation, and third the translation errors. The results indicate the areas where there is a need for revision in both style and accuracy

الكلمات الدلالية

--- The Book Jesus the son of man --- Tharwat Okasha. --- الترجمة، كتاب


Article
Moral Intelligence among Gifted and Normal achievers from students atAjloun Schools ,and its relationship with Gender, Class and Academic Achievement
الذكاء الخُلقي لدى الموهوبين والعاديين من طلبة المدارس في محافظة عجلون وعلاقته ببعض المتغيرات والتحصيل المدرسي

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الخلاصة

This Study aimed at investigating the level of Moral intelligence among gifted and normal achievers students in Ajloun area(Jordan), To achieve the goals of the study, The researcher used Moral intelligence Scale depending on Borba theory and Swanson & Hell Moral Behavior List that developed by Aljarah (2003) for Jordanian Environment , the validity and stability were found. the study sample contains (n=272: 100 gifted and 172 normal achievers students) chosen from high basic classes and secondary classes. To analyze data The researcher used the arithmetic means ,standard deviation , T.test ,ANOVA and correlation coefficient between Moral Intelligence and Academic achievement. The results revealed that Moral intelligence level was high between gifted and normal achievers students, the results also revealed that there weren’t any significant differences in Moral intelligence between gifted and normal achievers at(α≤ 0.05) in class variable and there weren’t any differences in gender at the total Moral intelligence and its dimensions between gifted and normal achievers. the results also revealed that there was a positive correlation relationship between Moral intelligence level among gifted and normal achievers and academic achievement. And the results were discussed in light of previous studies. And some recommendations were suggested.


Article
Looking Through the Stages of the Jewish-Zionist Scheme Foundations
قراءة في المراحل التأسيسية للمشروع اليهودي الصهيوني

المؤلفون: Gabr Al - Halloul جبر الهَلّول
الصفحات: 360-369
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الخلاصة

In this research, I am going to present a brief overview of the key stages through which the Zionist scheme had passed, before it was announced and came to being publicly in 1948. It is important to take a step back and look into the stages of this scheme and the role of the religious and Christian political thought in their making. We wish to give emphasis on the serious role that stands behind driving the events throughout the history – whether it may be an objective or means – i.e. religion on which this scheme was built. Now that we are practically living through its outcome in real life in this region. This makes it a must for us to resist and stand in the face of this scheme; bearing in mind the title: “confrontational knowledge".


Article
Internet addiction and its Relation to some Psychological disorders among secondary school Students
إدمان الانترنت وعلاقته ببعض الاضطرابات النفسية لدى تلاميذ التعليم الثانوي

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الخلاصة

The present study aim at identifying the level of Internet addiction and its Relation to some Psychological disorders among secondary school Students and to identify the differences in psychological disorders to the degree of addiction and differences Psychological disorders of Internet addicts according to gender variableThe sample consisted of 258 Studentswho taught in the secondary schools of Mascara in western Algeria; Applied the Internet addiction test and psychological disorders questionnairethe study revealed the following results: -There is a positive correlation between Internet addiction and psychological disorders among secondary school students - There are differences in psychological disorders among high and low Internet addicts of secondary school students in favor of addicts -There are differences in the psychological disorders of Internet addicts according to the gender variable in favor of females


Article
A comparative study of the educational problems of Muslim minorities in some European countries
دراسة مقارنة للمشكلات التعليمية للأقليات الإسلامية في بعض الدول الاوربية

المؤلفون: Reda Abdel Badea El Sayed رضا عبد البديع السيد
الصفحات: 370-385
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الخلاصة

The study deals with the most important educational problems of the Islamic minorities in some European countries through studying the cultural and social status of the Islamic minorities in the countries of comparison with dealing with the most prominent aspects of these problems in the comparison countries (Germany - Britain - Bulgaria) and studying the cultural and social backgrounds associated with these learning problems Comparative countries, and study the process of enrollment of Muslim minorities in educational institutions in the countries of comparison and draw similarities and differences that can be deduced through the comparative analytical study to overcome the educational problems of the alkali The comparative analysis of the elements studied in different aspects in the light of the strong and cultural factors, and thus conceptualize the educational problems of the Muslim minorities in comparison countries, analyze the information and data related to the subject of the study, Proposal to overcome the educational problems of Islamic minorities in the light of the results of the comparative analysis.


Article
Education and curriculum and their role in social and cultural change
التربية والمناهج ودورهم في التغيُّير الإجتماعي والثقافي

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الخلاصة

The study aimed to reach the answer to the main question: What is the role of education and Curiculm in social and cultural change? for that purpose, use the descriptive documentary method will be used and be based on collecting the required data by reviewing a great deal of the available educational literature on the topic of the study, beside analyzing various views and opinions of educational and social experts, thinkers and researchers on the topic under study, and hence, the data will be classified and analyzed in a way that helps in deducing the relevant answers to the study main question. The study has finally reached the following main results: inculcating and developing values and attitudes in educational establishments generate effective and useful social and cultural change. The rapid and radical changes in modern life necessitate that educational establishment must be concerned with building individuals with comprehensive mentality in order to comprehend and function in real life. Creative thinking is the only way that fits realities of the society, and therefore can change it for the better. Asking for change doesn`t mean the denial of cultural heritage; it means its development and excellence by bridging the gaps there are, and this will not be possible except through striking equilibrium and balance between convention and modernization


Article
درجة كفاءة أعضاء هيئة التدريس المهنية في كليات المجتمع بجامعة شقراء من وجهة نظر الطلاب
The degree of efficiency of professional faculty members in community colleges In a blonde university from the students' point of view

المؤلفون: Mohammed bin Harib Alsharif محمد بن حارب الشريف
الصفحات: 413-425
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الخلاصة

This study aimed to determine the degree of faculty members' professional competency, Community College, Shaqra University. The study sample consisted of (81) students. The study instrument was prepared in the form of a questionnaire, consisting of (28) items, in terms of fours aspects: teaching planning, teaching implementation, evaluation, and psychological and affective aspect of students. The questionnaire validity and reliability were achieved. The results revealed that the degree of faculty members' professional competency, Community College, Shaqra University, was medium (3.42). Teaching implementation came in the first place, followed byteaching planning, and psychological and affective aspect of students. Evaluation came last. Results also indicated that there are no statistically significant differences in the means answers of students attributable to the study level.In the light of the study results, the researcher presented a number of recommendations: holding training courses for faculty members, Community College, Shaqra University, to develop their professional competency, especially in evaluation


Article
Life pressures And its relation to the cognitive failure of the preparatory year students at Qassim University
الضغوط الحياتية وعلاقتها بالإخفاق المعرفي لدى طلبة السنة التحضيرية في جامعة القصيم

المؤلفون: Fatima Sahab Al-Rashidi فاطمة سحاب الرشيدي
الصفحات: 426-439
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الخلاصة

This study aimed to introduce the level of life pressures, and its relation with cognitive failure among the preparatory year students of AL-Qasim University. The study sample consisted of the students who enrolled in the preparatory year's program at Al-Qasim University, from the second level, and who numbered (267) students, (67) of highest achievers, and (150) of normal students. The correlative, analytical descriptive method was used, as also, the scale of life pressures from the researcher preparation, and Broadbent and his colleagues scale for cognitive failure (Broadbent, et al, 1982). The study results indicated that the life pressures level among preparatory year students at Al-Qasim University was moderate, where the field of '' study pressures'' got the highest level. And that there are statistically significant differences of life pressures due to the effect academic achievement, and the differences were in favour of the normal students in all fields and in the total degree.Moreover, the level of emotional-cognitive failure among the preparatory year students at Al-Qasim University was moderate. And that there are statistically significant differences due to effect of academic achievement, and the differences were in favour of the normal students. And finally, that there is a positive statistically significant relationship between the level of life pressure and the cognitive failure.


Article
develop a proposed vision for the development of the performance of faculty members at the Higher Institute for the Promotion of Virtue and Prevention of Vice in light of the commitment to the ethics of the teaching profession
تطوير أداء أعضاء هيئة التدريس بالمعهــــــــد العالي للأمـــــر بالمعـــــروف والنهي عن المنكر بجامعة أم القرى في ضوء الالتزام بأخلاقيات مهنة التدريس "تصور مقترح

المؤلفون: Omar Hassan ALrashdi عمر بن حسن الراشدي
الصفحات: 440-467
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الخلاصة

The objective of the research is to develop a proposed vision for the development of the performance of faculty members at the Higher Institute for the Promotion of Virtue and Prevention of Vice in light of the commitment to the ethics of the teaching profession. The researcher used the descriptive analytical method because of its relevance to the nature of the research and its objectives. The study sample consisted of (175) male and female students (102 male students - 73 female students) of postgraduate students at the Higher Institute for the Promotion of Virtue and Prevention of Vice at Umm Al Qura University in Makkah in the academic year (1438H - 1439H). The study tool was A questionnaire by the researcher . After verifying the questionnaire reliability and stability the it was applied. Where the most important results of the study were that: the approval of the members of the research sample on the degree of the commitment of the faculty members to the human relations with the students was (agree)with an average of (3.83) and a standard deviation of( 0.38),on the other hand the degree of the commitment of faculty members to teaching and learning was (to some extent) with an average (3.29) and standard deviation (0.40), the degree of the commitment of faculty members on the personal characteristics was (agree) with an average of (3.77) and a standard deviation (0.42), while it was (strongly agree) on proposals to develop the performance of faculty members at the Higher Institute for the Promotion of Virtue and Prevention of Vice with an average of (4.21) and a standard deviation of( 0.30). As for statistical differences the results indicated that there were no statistically significant differences at the level of (α 0.05)) among the sample of the study on the field (human relations with students) where the value of (T = 1.50), and the field (teaching and learning) where the value of (T = 0.112) , And the field of (personal qualities) where the value of (T = 0.140), and the field (proposals for the development of the performance of the faculty member), the value of (T = 0.113) attributed to sex, academic specialization , scientific level and duration of study. In light of the results of the research, the researcher proposed a vision to develop the performance of the faculty members of the Higher Institute for the Promotion of Virtue and Prevention of Vice in light of the commitment to the ethics of the teaching profession. The researcher also recommended that the faculty members of the Higher Institute for the Promotion of Virtue and Prevention of Vice should be appended to the training courses to provide them with the necessary teaching skills, on the other hand the necessity to analyze the assessment of students to their professors at the end of each chapter and to know the shortcomings and methods of treatment, And that faculty upgrades should be linked to excellence in performance.


Article
Ethical-educational teachingsSanai in Hadighat-ulHaqiqah
مراجعة نصائح تعليميةفي قصائد السنایی الغزنوی

المؤلفون: Rasool behnam رسول بهنام --- Naser Farnia ناصر فرنيا
الصفحات: 468-474
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الخلاصة

Not only psychologists but also poets and philosophers, each one in their turns¬have taken major steps in the direction of recognizing human and his education that among these poetsHakim Abul-MajdMajdūd ibn ĀdamSanā'īGhaznavi (1069-1131 AD), ¬ the education teacher and psychologist, -whose pen name is Sanaican be mentioned. Sanai was the firstperson who founded“ethical order”andput moral and mystical themes properly into the Persian poetry. He, using moral order,extracted subtle and delicate points from simple everyday materials in such a manner that the materialsseem entirely new. He attempts to guidehumans ¬to the “being real man”and encourage them to assiduity, confidentiality, face-saving, altruism and looking atour faults and shortcoming.¬ Theresearch reflects Sanai’s educational and ethical opinions for familiesand includes themes such as avoidance of greed, lust,laziness and ill-timed anger and arrogance. He considers familyas the best place for growth and excellence of children.


Article
Study of the relationship between education and artistic education With postmodernism
دراسة العلاقة بين التعليم والتربية الفنيّةمع ما بعد الحداثة

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الخلاصة

Philosophical and artistic perspectives consist of different philosophical opinions, which attempt to train wise and critical people. After Germany’s defeat in the World War, relative stability in the West caused western countries to criticize themselves fundamentally. The nuclear and chemical wars, presence of western countries in other countries, as well as the West’s attempts to make turbulences in other countries made the post-war era a non-peaceful period of time. Western man startedto criticize himself; moreover, the growth of new technology, emergence of television networks, new slavery, uncertainty, and creating discipline out of chaos, capitalization and emergence of new science on top of all, are the core elements of post modernism that created new features in different new perspectives. Accordingly, this article aims to investigate the foundations of post modernism and modernism to do a comparative analysis between them. Furthermore, the effect of post modernism thinking in modernism education is explored.The importance of emergence of the new attitudes in cultural, artistic, and educational values, critical properties of post modernism, as well as pluralism and subcultures led us to conduct this investigation. It is a review article which investigates education and art education in post modernism, and it is a kind of document analysis based on the data gathered in the library. In order to analyze the data, the descriptive – interpretive method is utilized.


Article
The Use of Rewards to Motivate Learners
استخدام المكافآت لتحفيز المتعلمين

المؤلفون: Amani khalid Albalawi اماني البلوي
الصفحات: 487-494
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الخلاصة

This paper seeks to explore the use of rewards to motivate learners. We hypothesize that rewards are great; however, they must not be used as a sole motivating factor to encourage students to learn. Teachers have to structure learning in such a way that the students become more engaged and willing to participate. To achieve the aim of this paper, we will explore the different research studies conducted in the past, which are relevant to the use of rewards inside the classroom. Drawing from the research, we will conclude whether rewards should be used as a motivating factor and explore other options to help students become more engaged and willing to learn.The use of rewards to motivate learners can be an effective tool. However, there should be no better substitute to motivate learners to study than letting them understand the importance of learning and structuring the classroom in such a way that it becomes conducive for transference of ideas and knowledge


Article
Religious behavior and its relationship with the skills of communication with others In Sudanese government institutions
السلوك الديني وعلاقته بمهارات التواصل مع الاخرين لدى العاملين في المؤسسات الحكومية السودانية

المؤلفون: Om Kalthoum Ahmed Mohamed ام كلثوم احمد محمد
الصفحات: 495-508
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الخلاصة

this research aim is to identify the religious behavior and good communication skills among workers in government institutions who deal directly with the public, Where the total sample size (500 Sudanese)in 2017, (393) males and 107 females, Between the ages of (21-50 years),,To find out the researcher used the descriptive method Relational, is a measure of communication skills and religious behavior scale study tool, Results were analyzed by statistical analysis package for Social Sciences software (SPSS), The study found a group of the most important results: The basis of good communication and dealing with others its source of Islam, Rise of religious behavior among members of the study sample, Characterized by communication skills among members of the study sample to decline, There is no relationship between the communication with other religious and behavior skills, The study concluded a series of recommendations, including: Islamic instill awareness and interest in studying the principles of the Muslim religion in public and governmental institutions, in particular the definition of the society and the individual worker to these institutions that the basis of good communication with the other issue urged by the Islamic religion.


Article
Building a training program based on the theory of voice awareness and measuring its effectiveness in developing the skills of auditory analysis of students with difficulties in synergy, developmental and verbal Verbal Dyspraxia
بناء برنامج تدريبي مستند إلى نظريةالوعي الصوتي وقياسفاعليته في تنمية مهارات التحليل السمعي للطلبة ذوي صعوبات التآزر الحركي التطوري اللفظي Verbal Dyspraxia

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الخلاصة

The objective of the study was to examine the effectiveness of a cognitive training program on promoting phonetic awareness skills on acoustic analysis skill among students with verbal dyspraxia in the najran. The sample of the study consisted of (12) 4th and 5th male and female students selected from schools najran Directorate of Education. Verbal Dyspraxia Scale developed by the researcher along with acoustic Analysis Scale developed by Al Waqfi and Al Kilani (1998) were used for data collection. The experimental control groups semi-experimental design was used. The results of the study showed that there were statistically significant differences in acoustic analysis skills for experimental and control groups subjects on the post-test means scores, in favour of experimental group students. There were no statistically significant differences in post-test acoustic analysis skills due to the interaction between gender and study group. There were statistically significant differences in acoustic analysis skills for experimental and control groups subjects on the follow- up means scores, in favour of experimental group students.


Article
Study of Daltonism (color blindness) and the reasons for their appearance in the stories of Sadeq Hidayat and Mustafa Lutfi Manfalouti
دراسة الدالتونية (عمى الألوان) وأسباب ظهورها في قصص صادق هدايت ومصطفى لطفي المنفلوطي

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الخلاصة

This research seeks to address the explanation of the Daltonian school and then analyze the causes of Sadeq Hidayat and Manfalouti's inclination to this school. By following the descriptive analytical approach and based on the principles of the French school in comparative literature, we will attempt to answer the question: What is Daltonism and what are the reasons for its emergence? What are the grounds that led Sadiq Hidayat and Manfalouti to go to this school? The premise of this research is based on attention to the linguistic meaning of the word Daltonism; this school carries a kind of pessimism and black ideas and black regulations on the one hand, and attention on the other hand that the economic factors, social circumstances and family education leave their own impact on the type of each look From the writers to this school and their inclination toward it. After a thorough investigation into this subject, we will present a set of results that we have reached. The most important of these are: - Daltonism is a school of ideas and regulations. There are many extraneous factors that led to the tendency of Hidayat and Menfaluti to these types of thinking. The two assembled and felt by both of the writers and were unable to do anything to improve the situation. - The roots of the political repression and the severe restriction by the ruling authority on their communities. The political repression of power according to their belief has effectively closed the way for all reform movements. - The roots of the knowledge of each of the writers on the schools and offices of different Western and this has created a kind of disruption and dispersion and non-interference with the community and separation from society On the other hand, these offices and schools paved to create doubt and hesitation regarding many things in their minds.


Article
The factor of satisfaction job and developing of the effectiveness of school teacher behavior in UNERWA school
الرضا الوظيفي وعلاقته بتطوير أداء المعلمين في مدارس لواء بني كنانة

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الخلاصة

This study aimed to recognize of the relationship between the factor of satisfaction job and developing of the effectiveness of school teacher behavior in UNERWA school. The instrument of study was a questioner which implemented on a sample about (302) teachers. The result of study appeared that: 1- The most factors of satisfaction job of the teachers in UNERWA schools was: The safe of the school system and internal control, the proffiecinal needs of teachers in the school table, the existence of the safety freedom, democratize for teachers and using a new and different technique of education supervising 2- There is affect for the variable of sex for the male,high qualification and primary school on satisfaction job. 3- No affect for the variable of experience on satisfaction job


Article
The role of educational media in raising the issues of educational management from the point of view of educational experts and media in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
دور الإعلام التربوي في طرح قضايا الإدارة التعليمية من وجهة نظر الخبراء التربويين والإعلاميينبمنطقة الرياض

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الخلاصة

This study aims at investigating the role of educational media in proposing issues of educational administration in the area of Riyadh from the viewpoint of experts, educators and media men. In this study, researchers have used the descriptive method; and the population of study included (345) educational experts and media men. Then, they selected a random sample of (65) instructional and media experts. The researchers used questionnaire for data collection and then analyzed through the program of statistical packages for social sciences (SPSS). The study has revealed number of important findings such as: educational media has no role in proposing issues of educational management that are related to planning, development, organization, control, guidance and training from the standpoint of educational experts and media men. In light of these findings, the researchers recommended with the set of following important recommendations: the role of educational media should be activated in proposing issues of educational administration related to planning, development, organization, control, guidance and training. All modern technologically-assisted mediums should be provided to implement the programs of professional development and educational media.


Article
A proposed strategy for the development of creative thinking skills among a sample of students of Shakra University
استراتيجية مقترحة لتنمية مهارات التفكير الابداعي لدى عينة من طالبات جامعة شقراء

المؤلفون: Haifa Yousef Al Fouzan هيفاء يوسف الفوزان
الصفحات: 584-602
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الخلاصة

The current study examined the effect of using a proposed strategy based on the cognitive-oriented approach to develop basic creative thinking skills (fluency, flexibility and originality). The sample consisted of (50) female students from the College of Education, Shakra University, divided into two experimental and control groups: The researcher used the scale of Sayed Mohammed Khairallah to measure the ability of creative thinking before and after the implementation of the proposed meta-strategy. The data were statistically analyzed using descriptive statistics and T test for independent and interrelated samples. The researcher reached the following results: Statistical significance between the two experimental and control groups in the components of creative thinking in the post-application in favor of the experimental group, and the existence of statistically significant differences between the mean scores of the experimental group in the tribal and remote applications of the components of creative thinking in favor of the post-application. Previous studies and characteristics of the sample and the nature of measuring tools used and strategy beyond knowledge.


Article
The issue of religious persecution in Egypt The era of the Mamluk sultans Reality or myth?
مسألة الاضطهاد الديني في مصر عصر سلاطين المماليك واقع أم خرافة؟

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الخلاصة

The novels revolve in modern references and studies on an important point in the study of the history of Egypt in the Mamluk era, namely, the question of the existence of the Fatimid in Mamluk Egypt, and the consequent existence of robbery and affirmation; but it spoke a lot about the oppression of the Mamluk sultans to the people of Dhimah during the reign of The Mamluks, and this has led to the divergence and influx of feelings between Muslims and the people of Dhimp, especially the Copts, although not in the face is more in the subcontinent, and then we had to clarify the problem that we may come out of a new result useful scientific research.

الكلمات الدلالية

persecution --- religion --- Egypt --- Sultan --- Mamluks --- الكلمات المفتاحية: اضطهاد


Article
The effect of integrating critical thinking skills in the physics course on achievement and the survival of the impact of learning among secondary
أثر دمج مهارات التفكير الناقد في مقرر الفيزياء على التحصيل وبقاء أثر التعلم لدى طلاب الصف الثاني الثانوي

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الخلاصة

The objective of the study is to study the effect of integration critical thinking skills(conclusion.interpretation.analysis.and evaluation of arguments، Application) inthe physics course on achievement and the survival of the learning effect of secondary students in Baljarshi city. The sample of study consisted of (53) secondary school students in Baljarashi city and were selected randomly.the sample of the study was divided into two groups: experimental group, controlgroup. The study followed the experimental method the study used the test ofcollection by the researcher. The researcher verified the validity and stability of tge study tool before applying it. The results of the study showed that there were statistically significant Differences Between the experimental group and the control group in tge achievement Level for the experimental group. the results revealed that there were no statistically significant differences between the post test and the experimental group. The study recommended a number of recommendations، including: Holding training Courses to develop critical thinking skills for teachers. The study also recommended programs to develop critical thinking among students in the activity courses.and the courses of the physics course should not be late during the school day، and the necessary tools should be provided for experiments.


Article
Child Labor Comparative study between Islamic jurisprudence and law
عمالة الأطفال دراسة مقارنة بين الفقه الإسلامي والقانون

المؤلفون: Magaji Fatima مجاجي فاطمة
الصفحات: 634-648
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الخلاصة

The child is the weak human creature who has received great attention, both in Islam and in positive laws, since childhood is devoted to care, care, discipline and education more than the other stages, because of the weakness of his mental, physical and psychological abilities, his pride to work one of the biggest problems facing the world , As it is the worst image exposed at this stage, such as frustration and despair, despair and indignation, and the manifestations of displacement and begging. Therefore, this study aims at determining the causes of child labor, its ruling in Islam and the positive laws, and setting appropriate controls for the work of children in a manner that preserves their dignity and health, and protect them from the work they do, whether in Islam or in positive laws.


Article
Human Rights And Human Dignity In Nahj al-Balaghah
حقوق الإنسان والكرامة الإنسانية في نهج البلاغة

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الخلاصة

One of the most important issue that has been considered in the context of Islamic law is the issue of human rights and human dignity. So that, despite the views of those who regard the West and Europe as the sole source of human rights advocacy, Islam is superior in any way in the presentation and consolidation of this issue, In terms of overtime and in terms of comprehensiveness and perfection;Because for centuries, the courts of inquiry in Western and Europe,Acting with no regard to the right to life and dignity of humans,Hundreds of thousands of people stopped living their lives for the sake of expressing opinions contrary to church beliefs. Nahj al-Balagha with the most adverbial expression, Supporting human life and consider man as a dignified entity. And founded the best legal system for him. Similarly, when in the West and in Europe, today they consider themselves to be human rights activists, racial, ethnic, gender, and so on, Similarly, when in West and Europe, racial, ethnic, gender, and so on were at a height, Today, they consider themselves to be human rights activists. Nahj al-Balaghah shouted at the height of rhetoric, the charter of equality and the abolition of discrimination. «[الناس]صنفان: امااخ لك في الدين واماشبيه لك في الخلق»People are in two categories. In religion or in creation, whit you are brothers.From the rights of religious and ethnic minorities, he even spoke in support of the rights of animals.


Article
Homeland and patriotism between popular poetry and verse
الوطن والوطنية بين الشعر الشعبي والفصيح

المؤلفون: Orabi Mohammed العرابي محمد
الصفحات: 658-664
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الخلاصة

This article deals with the popular poetry and the classical one in their role of stimulating emotions and passions, and changing the course of history of nations. The popular poetry and the classical one have been entwined from their very beginning with the great events that Algeria went through since its colonisation. Hence, the poet has recorded any event he witnessed or heard of. The Algerian poet was aware of his role, he was certain that poetry was to serve as an instrument of resistance. For this purpose, he endured the persecution and torture exerted on him by the coloniser who succeeded to have control over the written word, but failed to control the oral one. This literary art has recorded the pains and the aspirations of the Algerian people; it took part in the resistance until the culmination of victory, and it continues through time


Article
Psychological Security and Its Relationship with Cognitive Flexibility among Tenth Grade Students in Balqa Governorate
الأمن النفسي وعلاقته بالمرونة المعرفية لدى طلبة الصف العاشر بمحافظة البلقاء

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الخلاصة

The current study aimed to investigate the cognitive flexibility and psychological security level among the tenth grade student in Balaqa governorate. The researcher use the correlational analytical methodology to achieve the desired goals.The study population consists of (232) students enrolled primarily in Alardha district in Balaqa governorate in the first academic term 2017/2018. 224 questionnaires were distributed due to absence of 8 student 222 were collected . 4 quetionnaires were disregarded due to incompletenece , therefore the research sample was 218 students To achieve the study goals, a scale was developed to investigate the cognitive flexibility and psychological security level . After scale validity and reliability verification it was applied on all sample members. The results of the study indicate that there is a high level of appreciation for the level of psychological security, where the mean of the scale as a whole was (2.417), and the existence of a high level of appreciation of the level of cognitive flexibility, where the mean of the scale as a whole was (2.404), and the existence of a relationship of statistical significance at The level of significance (a = 0.05) between psychological security and cognitive flexibility, and the absence of differences of statistical significance attributed to the gender variable among the tenth grade students in the district of Al-aradah in Balqa governorate. A set of recommendations were presented, notably the preparation of training courses that aim at developing psychological security and cognitive flexibility among tenth grade to be more prepared for the university stage. And further studies that examine the relationship between psychological security and cognitive flexibility and other variables.


Article
Effectiveness of Formative Assessment in Improving Academic Achievement among Students of Thinking and Scientific Research Skills Course, Faculty of Business Administration, Shaqra University
فاعلية استخدام التقويم التكويني في تحسين مستوى التحصيل الدراسي لمقرر مهارات التفكير والبحث العلمي لدى طلاب كلية إدارة الأعمال بجامعة شقراء

المؤلفون: . Issa bin Faraj Azizi عيسى بن فرج العزيزي
الصفحات: 678-711
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الخلاصة

The current study aims at identifying the effectiveness of utilizing formative assessment in improving the level of academic achievement among students of Thinking and Scientific Research Skills Course at the Faculty of Business Administration, ShaqraUniversity. The units of the course are prepared in accordance with the strategy of formative assessment. In addition, an achievement test on Thinking and Scientific Research Skills Course is prepared. Quasi-experimental approach is adopted to identify the effect of applying formative assessment on the achievement of the third level students at the Faculty of Business Administration at ShaqraUniversity. Results conclude that the academic achievement of the sample students is improved after applying the strategy of formative assessment.


Article
The marriage choice of the university students in laghouat
الاختيار الزواجي لدى طلبة جامعة الأغواط (الجزائر)

المؤلفون: Messaouda Bensayah بن السايح مسعودة
الصفحات: 712-726
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الخلاصة

The aim of the current study was to find out the most popular selection criteria for students at Laghouat University, as well as knowledge of the differences in selection criteria by gender variable. The marital selection measure was applied by a random sample of 540 students randomly selected. The most popular selection criteria for students are the criteria psychology followed by the physical social criterion, followed by the criterion of formal specifications, the standard of ethics and religion, the cultural and educational standard and the last criterion of the method and method of choosing the life partner. The results also showed no differences in criteria Marital choice by sex variable.


Article
Criteria of Understanding the belief of faith in fate and destiny in the light of Holly Quran and Sunnah: Analytical Study
ضوابط لفهم عقيدة الإيمان بالقضاء والقدر في ضوء القرآن والسُّنَّة (دراسة تحليلية)

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الخلاصة

This study discussed the belief of faith in fate and destiny, which is an important study for its association with the Islamic belief. The study aimed at finding out the truth of the righteous ancestors' approach in the belief of fate and destiny, then set the perfect criteria to help understand this belief, in order to correct Muslims belief associated with. The researcher adopted analytical method by following evidences encountered in the topic of the study and analyze them, and mentioning the related views of religious scholars. The study approved these results: the importance of considering criteria of understanding the Islamic belief. There is misconception about understanding the belief of fate and destiny among Muslims. The misunderstanding of fate and destiny is the reason beyond the laziness of performing worships. The study concluded in many recommendations: to teach - in details- the belief of fate and destiny to the school pupils. The concerned students should take all the related about mystical issues from the correct evidence depending on the understanding of the righteous ancestors.


Article
The challenges of adult education in the context of cultural globalization and ways to confront it
تحديات تعليم الكبار في ظل العولمة الثقافية وسُبل مواجهتها

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الخلاصة

The acquisition of knowledge means in a wise and correct manner and investing in all its scientific dimensions through the intensive use of skills and the tools of technical knowledge, innovation and advanced technology should constitute a real addition to the nation in all its dimensions. Cultural globalization and ways to confront it through the recognition of the concept of adult education and its objectives, the concept of cultural globalization, the difference between globalization and globalization, the knowledge of the means and implications of cultural globalization, the challenges of adult education in the context of cultural globalization, The most important of the challenges of adult education in the context of cultural globalization are the following challenges: (The threat and sweep of cultural privacy through the Internet, the materialization of globalization culture and its danger to the construction The cultural role of the educational system, the educational deficit, the culture, the absence of the teacher of the role model), Others would contribute towards meeting the challenges of adult education in the light of cultural globalization.


Article
Studying the Question of Doubt in the Quarters of Omar Al-Khayyam and the Tales of Al-Talasem by Eliya Abumadi
دراسة مسألة الشك فى رباعيات عمر الخيام وقصيدة الطلاسم لإيليا ابو ماضي

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الخلاصة

This article aims to remove the curtain on one side of the personality of excellent literary personalities of literature writers in the sky literature and the importance of research is the excellent role played by each of these in their literature, but in the literature of the world and their unique philosophical character list in their poetry, If we were concerned, what are the aspects of these issues and where we are going to learn about their personality? Is it possible to have two contradictory personalities or not? ? We hypothesized that each of the two philosophers was the one who dominated his philosophical and religious thought and showed in his view the creation of man and his punishment, the existence of the remix and the secrets of universe and life, and we assumed that they had two contradictory personalities scientifically and philosophically and to prove the three hypotheses that analyzed our lives and And explained the reasons that led to their complaint, we took the analytical method of analysis and then described and explained their poetry on suspicion. We have included some of the historical curriculum, and after reviewing the mabahith, we have reached the conclusion that the most important results were that they were But they are not kaafirs according to what some have accused of kufr, but rather this suspicion stems from their belief in God and being traced to man, existence, and remoteness... and their inability to find the convincing answer and have two contradictory personalities: Calm and reassuring, and a person who is confused in their religious and philosophical views.


Article
Ibn Malik's approach in his book "Briefing on Definition in the Science of Discharge" is a descriptive study
منهج ابن مالك في كتابه "إيجاز التعريف في علم التصريف" دراسة وصفية

المؤلفون: Osama Khader bin Auf أسامة خضر بن عوف
الصفحات: 779-791
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الخلاصة

Theresearch dealt with the approach of Ibn Malik in his book "Abstracting the Definition the Science of Morphology." Iijaz Altaerif fi Ilm Altasrif. The researcher adopted theDescriptive Method, and divided his research into two sections. The first section introduced Ibn Malikand his book. The second section introducedthe approach of Ibn Malik in his book with reference to the questions of morphology, reasoning, evidence, and the terminology he cited. The section also itroduced the findings of the research and a list of the most important sources and references on which the study was based. The research aimed at identifyingthe approach of morphology of Ibn Malik in his book and how he used this approach when dealing with questionsof morphology, reasoning, evidence and terminology.


Article
of Poverty in the Office of Abdul Wahab al - Bayati
دراسة الفقر في ديوان عبدالوهاب البياتي

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الخلاصة

Poverty is a social phenomenon, which has resulted in devastating social and economic consequences. The phenomenon of poverty is different in terms of different environments. Therefore, poverty has a relative significance in different circumstances. Poets and writers always seek to reflect social problems. Poverty is therefore the root of all social problems. This research attempts to shed light on the poetry of the contemporary Iraqi poet Abdulwahab al-Bayati, who is considered one of the prominent social poets of the present age, not only in Iraq, but in all Arab and international peoples. This study seeks to show the manifestations of social poverty in the poetry of this Iraqi poet, and the reasons and motives of this phenomenon have emerged in the poetry of Abdul Wahab al-Bayati. This study concluded that Abdulwahab al-Bayati is one of the most prominent social poets of the present age. Poverty and ignorance are the root of all problems in society. He is one of the poets who dealt with social issues - especially poverty - in particular.


Article
Social Intelligence and its Relationship with the Academic Adaptation among Learning Disability Students in the Light of Some Variables
الذكاء الاجتماعي وعلاقتهُ بالتكيف الأكاديمي لدى ذوي صعوبات التعلم في ضوء بعض المتغيرات

المؤلفون: Muniraa Salem Aladwan منيره سالم العدوان
الصفحات: 799-813
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الخلاصة

This study aimed to explore the social intelligence, the academic adaptation and the relationship between them among learning disability students in Zarqa Governorate. To achieve the objectives of the study, the researcher used two scales: social intelligence scale and academic adaptation scale. The sample consisted of (450) male and female students chosen by the stratified random method during the academic year 2018-2019. By using means and coefficients, the results showed a moderate level of social intelligence and academic adaptation among learning disability students in Zarqa Governorate, also, there were no statistical significant differences in the social intelligence could be attributed to the social type, in favor of females. There were statistically significant differences according to the educational level, in favor of higher educational level, also, there were statistically significant positive correlation between the social intelligence and the academic adaptation. Based on the results, appropriate recommendations were made.


Article
History and culture of Greece
موارد تاريخ اليونان وحضارته

المؤلفون: Jawad Matar AlMousawi جـواد مطـر الموسـوي
الصفحات: 814-824
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الخلاصة

The history of Greece and its civilization of the important periods and one of the pillars of ancient world history as well as the history of Mesopotamia and the Nile Valley, the Levant and Asia Minor, we must be aware of this historical era, in order to identify at least the main dimensions, to complete the identification and rooting of our ancient civilization, We recognize its resources, which are varied and varied in importance and scientific value. The history of Greece and its civilization can be divided into several sections according to their importance, as follows:


Article
The state and the position of pride Razi of significance
آية الولاية وموقف الفخر الرازي (ت 606ۿ/1208م) من دلالتها

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الخلاصة

Keywords Any state is one of the most important verses that the followers of Ahl al-Bayt have attributed to the Imam Ali (peace be upon him). However, the Razi pride was opposed by many Muslim scholars and made the meaning of the verse general in all Muslims


Article
Limitations and Exceptions to the Rule of Multiple Punishment (Comparative Study between Positive Law and Islamic Jurisprudence)
القيود والاستثناءات التي ترد على قاعدة تعدد العقوبات (دراسة مقارنة بين القانون الوضعي والفقه الاسلامي)

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الخلاصة

That the rule of multiplicity of penalties is the established rule of punishment in the case of the real multiplicity of crimes, As most penal legislation has approved this rule As most penal legislation has approved this rule, As well as the majority of Muslim jurists agreed that the perpetrator who commits more than one crime is punished with the penalty prescribed for each of these crimes That both the positive law and the Islamic jurisprudence did not apply the rule of multiple penalties for the launch, but they have some restrictions and exceptions and these restrictions are Absorption of punishment and The sanctions should not exceed on a certain limit As for Exceptions are Associated crimes as well as interference theory .


Article
Attitudes of teachers and teachers of general sciences in primary schools towards the separation of education
اتجاهات معلمي ومعلمات العلوم العامة في المدارس الابتدائية نحو تفريد التعليم

المؤلفون: Nisreen Hamza Al-Sultany نسرين حمزة السلطاني
الصفحات: 871-880
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الخلاصة

The uniqueness of education in essence refers to making learning the size of each learner so that it is in gradual steps known and familiar to the teacher and passed by each learner but in full harmony with his effort، abilities and preparations. And the importance of the uniqueness of education lies in the fact that it depends on self-learning by the learner himself and access to 80% of the workmanship at a minimum. In this sense، there was a need to identify the attitudes of teachers of general science teachers in primary schools towards the separation of education. The current research is limited to: A sample of teachers and general science teachers in primary schools in the center of Babil Governorate for the 2015-2016 school year. - The uniqueness of education and its role in the educational process. The descriptive approach was chosen randomly from the schools covered by the research in the center of the province of Babylon، reaching (16) schools (13) teachers and (17) teacher and building a research tool consisting of (24) verifying its veracity and stability after processing data A number of recommendations and proposals were reached.


Article
Sincerity of the palace and a few letters in the Holy Quran
إخلاص القصر والحصر بالحروف في القرآن الكريم

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الخلاصة

This study deals with the semantics of cliffing by particles in the Glorious Quran. It starts with definition of clefting and that of seatence. It shows grammmarians agreement on clefting particles، their uses، and their grammatical and rcetorical conditions of use. The study treats the stylistic devices of clefting in the Gloriou، Quran، their probabilities in general or their semantics so that the awdiences mind can be limided to these two uses. It has become clear that the semantics of clefting can be fulfilled through the direct construch on or the implicit one of the particles which achieve the semantics of clefting of ((ما)) by ((إِنَّ)) or ((أَنَّ)) or of ((ما)) by ((إلا)) or "separation prououn " or the definite "s1". It has become obvious that most of clefting constructions can be aehieved by ((إِنما)) and أَنَّما))) followed by clefting by negation and exception ((ما)) and ((إِلَّا)) followed by the uses of both separation pronoun and the derivational ((ال)).


Article
The anonymous poetic witness is non- measured in the age of protest
الشاهد الشعريّ المجهول غير المقيس عليه في عصر الاحتجاج

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الخلاصة

The research focuses on the anonymous poetic evidence, which is non- measured by grammarians, especially the visualists, and attempts to find out why the grammatical grammar is not accepted, despite their reliance on the narrator's confidence criterion. We have decided to make a protest against the anonymous poetic witness that says two criteria: 1- Trust narrator. 2- The Arabic language should be similar in use, whether it is a Qoranic text or poetry or prose. The normative dimension increases the power of protest in the anonymous witness, which can be adopted in the installation of the rule. The research was limited to the evidence of Sibweh and Al-ferraa, because they represent the age , and they are the trustworthy who protested their words.


Article
Despot Concept in the Dramatic Communication
الفكر الاستبدادي وتمثلاته في الخطاب المسرحي

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الخلاصة

The theater is like a system consisting of tools and elements that formed in harmony with all human events. Drama shows the human life that depends on behavioral and moral types by using psychological motives in various ways of thinking. So the drama conveys the human suffering through action and characters on the stage. The drama goal is to express specific idea to the audience. The despot concept is reflected in some plays to convey an idea about such subject and how the despot person is selfish. So during drama, we can express the despot character and how he deals with others and oblige them to accept his ideas. The purpose behind using the despot character in a theater is to convey an idea to the audiences about human suffering of such things. So drama reveals human suffering and general problems of a society.


Article
The Effectiveness of Integrative Methods in Achieving the Second Grade Students in the Arab Islamic History and the Development of Their Past Thinking
فاعلية الطرق التكاملية في تحصيل طلاب الصف الثاني المتوسط في مادة التاريخ العربي الاسلامي وتنمية تفكيرهم السابر

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الخلاصة

The current research aims at identifying the effectiveness of complementary methods in the development of thinking among middle secondary students in Islamic history. To verify this, the researchers chose a experimental design with partial adjustment and randomly selected the middle (spark) for the boys in the center of Samawa city to be a sample of the research, which reached 64 students and 32 students in both experimental and control groups. The researchers conducted a number of goals for the three and four semesters (100), and prepared teaching plans for the two research groups (24).The researchers used the following statistical methods: (t-test), end-point for two independent samples, Pearson correlation coefficient for half-test stability, Seppermann Brown equation.


Article
The structure of the novel and its convergences in the structure of modern theater discourse
بنية الرواية وتقارباتها في بنية الخطاب المسرحي المعاصر

المؤلفون: Rafid Mahmood Mashi رافد محمود ماشي
الصفحات: 944-956
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الخلاصة

Theater is on of the first communication mechanisms known to man and still exist until this day. In addition to the literary genres of the theater there is novel which is took participants from the literary genre (play) to become another genre like the play which is different in details. For that,the researcher found in the play and the novel a reason to study it in details starting from the following question: (What is novel? And what is the relationship between the novel and the structure of theater discourse?). First chapter included research importance, need it and the research target which is according to the researcher (Detection the novel structure and their convergences with the structure of theater discourse). Then he talk about search temporal and spatial limits. In time it is determined between (2008 – 2013), the place is Iraq. In addition to the objective limit which is restricted in study the novel structure and their convergences with the play structure. Second chapter included theoretical framework which is care in study the structure convergences between novel and play. This chapter also included indicators of theoretical framework. Third chapter included the research community. It included 5 play texts of which Arabic, Iraqi, and foreigner texts. It also included research methodology sample and tools that the researcher used in sample analysis. Forth chapter included research results and conclusions. It also included list of sources and references used.


Article
The impact of the listening triangle strategy in the achievement of students in the fifth grade in social studies
أثر استراتيجية مثلث الاستماع في تحصيل طلاب الصف الخامس الابتدائي في مادة الاجتماعيات

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الخلاصة

The present research aims at identifying (the impact of the triangle of listening strategy in the achievement of fifth graders in social subjects) In order to achieve this, the researcher chose experimental design with partial control of two groups, one experimental and the other control. Al Bayan school was randomly selected in the center of Muthanna Governorate to be a sample of the study. The sample consisted of 60 students, 30 students studied using the triangle of listening strategy, and (b) the control group (30) represented the traditional method. The researcher prepared (131) behavioral goals, including the three classes specified in the experiment, and prepared lesson plans for the subjects of the chapters specified in the experiment. The experiment lasted ten weeks starting on Sunday. Social subjects In order to achieve this, the researcher chose experimental design with partial control of two groups, one experimental and the other control. Al Bayan school was randomly selected in the center of Muthanna Governorate to be a sample of the study. The sample consisted of 60 students, 30 students studied using the triangle of listening strategy, and (b) the control group (30) represented the traditional method. The researcher prepared (131) behavioral goals, including the three classes specified in the experiment, and prepared teaching plans for the subjects of the chapters specified in the experiment, and the experiment lasted ten weeks from Sunday 2/10/2017 to Thursday 1/12/2017, The researcher is the achievement test consisting of (50) paragraph after the researcher confirmed his sincerity and stability.


Article
Environmental Ethics in the content of the secondary stage biology textbooks (Analytical study)
الاخلاقيات البيئية في محتوى كتب علم الاحياء للمرحلة الاعدادية(دراسة تحليلية)

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الخلاصة

The research aimed to: Identify the extent to which environmental ethics are included in the content of biology books for the preparatory stage. To achieve the planed objective, the researcher prepared a standard of environmental ethics after reviewing the literature, including environmental awareness, environmental culture, environmental ethics and the answers of experts and specialists in the environment, environmental engineering, life sciences, chemistry sciences, methods of teaching life sciences, teaching methods of chemistry, educational psychology, measurement and evaluation, And supervisors in the life sciences) and guided by their views after the completion of the open questionnaire, and verified its credibility by presenting it to a group of experts and specialists in the field, thus the final form of the (13) m (Human, water, soil, plants, animals, atmosphere, environmental planning, waste and environment, modern biotechnology, radiation pollution, media, environment conservation legislation, renewable energy). The researcher analyzed the content of biology books for the preparatory stage For the academic year (2016-2017) in light of this standard. The number of pages analyzed (674) pages and adopted the idea of explicit and implicit together and the registration and repetition unit census unit, and the calculation Holistic equation of the stability of the analysis and in agreement with external analysis and with the researcher and itself over time. It has been found: The content of biology books in the preparatory stage achieved (52) paragraphs by (35.86%), which were not at a good level of environmental ethics compared to the mentioned percentage (40%) adopted by the researcher according to the opinion of the arbitrators.


Article
The impact of reading comprehension listening triangle strategy when fifth-grade pupils in primary
أثر استراتيجية مثلث الاستماع في الفهم القرائي عند تلميذات الصف الخامس الابتدائي

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الخلاصة

The aims to know (impact listening triangle strategy in reading comprehension when fifth-grade pupils primary) in order to achieve the goal of zero research researcher has developed the following hypothesis: there is no statistically significant difference at a level (5, 0) between average pupils trade group Reading material attending cruises as listening triangle strategy, and the average control group students attending grades article itself on the way reading comprehension test routine, the researcher adopted experimental method of partial seizure, experimental design chosen for the two groups. Experimental and testing officer after me, the researcher randomly chosen Eden elementary school girls to make its experience, in the same way it was they researcher opted out of three people to research groups and research groups pupils researcher awarded between chronological age variables, and academic achievement For parents and test grades first semester in Arabic language for academic year (2017-2018), the scientific material they have included eight subjects of book reading for the second semester, the researcher has formulated goals Saul.


Article
The speed and methods of semantics on her in the Quranic expression
السرعة وطرائق الدلالة عليها في التعبير القرآني

المؤلفون: Alaa Kazem Jassim علاء كاظم جاسم
الصفحات: 1011-1025
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الخلاصة

The methods of expressing speed in the Holy Quran differed, and I did not find - according to my knowledge - who wrote in this title at all. so The research came to highlight this Quranic purpose, hence the title of the research (The speed and methods of semantics on her in the Quranic expression), Which has been divided into introductory and five method, And I studied in the settlement of the linguistic root of the article (speed) and its derivatives in the Holy Quran, In the first method I studied the words that indicate speed, I had studied in the second method (alpha) the emotion without a period time, While the third method studied (if) sudden, The fourth method was devoted to the study of non-verbal signs (body movements), And I studied in the fifth method deletion, had two pictures, the first: delete part of the word, second: delete the Preposition.


Article
Evaluation of the performance of the educational supervisor in the secondary stage from the point of view of the physics and biology teachers
تقويم أداء المشرف التربوي في المرحلة الثانوية من وجهة نظر مدرسي الفيزياء والأحياء

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الخلاصة

The objective of the current research is to define the level of performance of the educational supervisor in the secondary stage from the point of view of the physics and biology teachers, The researchers adopted the analytical descriptive approach. After identifying the society, the sample was chosen in a simple random way, reaching (180) teachers and schools in the secondary schools located in the center of Diwaniya city, As for the research tool, a questionnaire was adopted (Jawad, 2017) consisting of (58) paragraphs. After extracting the cykometric properties of all the clauses of the questionnaire, the research tool was applied to the sample, The results found that the responses of the sample members ranged between the average and the acceptable. There are significant statistical differences according to the variables of the scientific qualification, gender, stage of study, years of service. In light of this, the researchers came up with a set of conclusions, recommendations and suggestions.


Article
The existential psychological trend of the character in the Iraqi theater discourse
الاتجاه النفسي الوجودي للشخصية في الخطاب المسرحي العراقي

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الخلاصة

Personality is the central and central element around which the search for truth, reality and knowledge generated by experience in the fields of psychology and theater are conducted. They are interdependent and dependent on each other without separation, because the meaning is human and its relation to existence or what exists in existence and its impact on the human personality. The personality of the play is a person who created its creator or the same, that is, the relationship is psychological first and not, until the theories were taken in line with specific areas converge and contrast in the direction of each direction. The existentialism came as one of these trends, which was typical of the experimental movements and spread according to its means globally, and there is no doubt that the Iraqi theater is part of the system that will be influenced by this trend on the assumption, hence the question of the research problem (what the existential psychological direction of the character in the Iraqi theater discourse) (2005-2015) and spatial and objective after the researcher identified his goal to (know the existential psychological direction of the character in the speech of the Iraqi theater) and the contents of the first chapter (of the study divided into four chapters) the importance of research and the need to discuss terminology to determine the procedural definitions of the vocabulary In the title. The second chapter, which included (theoretical framework), came in two sections. The second topic deals with the study of psychological concepts in the light of the surrealist and theatrical theatrical, to conclude the research to the most important indicators that resulted from the theoretical framework.


Article
Subjects of Criticism in the General and Special Literary Forums and its Impacts in Developing the Critical Discernments
مواضيع النقد في المجالس الأدبية العامة والخاصة وأثرها في تطور الأحكام النقدية

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الخلاصة

Verily، it's important to refer to a prolific introduction to the research topic in a way that a serious researcher would be enabled to pick the signals that denote to the preliminary forming of ancient Arabic criticism which were not existed randomly، it came as a result of some factors that led to its emerge and contributed in developing the precise critical principles for an ancient Arabic critic. To avoid going to deeper details for those factors that progressed the ancient Arabic criticism، the research focuses more on general and special literary forums. It's regarded the primary base to emerge the ancient Arabic Criticism which caused a great progress in its critical principles for pre-Islamic poets and critics. Thus، the research consists of two sections each includes some sub-sections abided by the needs of the subject. The first section is devoted for special literary forums while the second one is for the general literary forums


Article
A training program based on social learning theory to develop autistic children's social skills
برنامج تدريبي على وفق نظرية التعلم الاجتماعي لتنمية المهارات الاجتماعية لدى اطفال التوحد

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الخلاصة

The research aims to identify a training program based on social learning theory to develop autistic children's social skills. The researcher has adopted the quasi-experimental method with a pre-test group. The research sample has consisted of (10) teachers (5 male teachers and 5 female teachers). Before starting a program, the researcher has applied the measure of social skills to identify their social skills before developing the program. The program consisted of (20) sessions and after completing the program building, the researcher has applied the measure of social skills upon the research sample to identify changes before and after developing the program. Also, those data have been statistically processed by Mann–Whitney U test; results have shown a training program leading to development of children's social skills of the research sample.


Article
Unfairness Imam Al-Hassan receives (marries and divorces too much: analytical study)
ظُلَامَاتُ الإمَامِ الحَسَنِ عَليّهِ السَلام (مِزوّاجٌ مِطْلَاقٌ – دِرَاسَةٌ تَحْلِيلِيَةٌ)

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الخلاصة

Imam Al-Hassan Abin Ali (pbut) is one of the Imams that must be followed by people (this is mentioned in the book and Al-Sunna). But he has endured many accusations; one of them when he prays God calling "oh God who humulites the believers" but he is Imam for people. The historians of the Imams present stories about "marries and divorces too much "; many of them reject this accusation and consider it as a flaw and tendcy to women by him and this does suit his position that is why they judge it as a weak (inauthentic) accusation. Thus they attack those who claim so and accuse them of insulting the Imam. Therefoe, the two researchers work to collect the stories from different sources that can not be denied and present a new reading that suits his position.


Article
Gradual argumentative in al imam al Hassan speeches.
السلالم الحجاجيّة في كلام الإمام الحسن (عليه السلام)

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الخلاصة

Abstract: The study of the phenomenon of peaceful hierarchy in the words of Imam Hassan (peace be upon him), which formed part of the language of pilgrims, was (peace be upon him) often builds his arguments in accordance with a certain hierarchy takes the argument its way of persuasion, either up or down or cumulative, The most important indicators that highlight the possibility of the Arabic language, in its various methods and mechanisms, which make a difference between them in terms of strength and weakness, the speaker can build his arguments and achieve his desired goal in persuading through these stairs.


Article
The arbitrator's power to reform the economic balance of the contract is a study of international trade contracts
سلطة المحكم بالصلح في إعادة التوازن الاقتصادي للعقد دراسة في عقود التجارة الدولية

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الخلاصة

International trade contracts are of great importance, not only to their constituents but also to their countries, but often to the interests of the contracting parties and the economy of the States of which they are nationals to the economies of countries in the neighboring geographical area, Prefabricated roads, international roads, oil projects, electric power, etc., which affects the economies of these countries very much the implementation or non-implementation of these contracts.


Article
The Effectiveness of the Question Circle Strategy in Positive Thinking Among Students in the First Grade Average in Science
فاعلية استراتيجية دائرة الاسئلة في التفكير الايجابي لدى طلاب الصف الاول المتوسط في مادة العلوم

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الخلاصة

The searching to the acquaintance on efficiency of the teaching in strategy aimed the rotating questions in the thought positive for students the first medium in substance flags, and that through the coming realization from the hypothesis: Difference does not create having statistical evidence stubborn evident level (0.05) medium degrees of the demanding group experimental which strategy studied in the rotating questions and medium degrees the demanding group the officer which the regular method in the positive thought studied in.


Article
The eloquence of the Surat al-Malik study in the light of the linguistics of the reference text form
بلاغة سورة الملك دراسة في ضوء لسانيات النص الإحالة أنموذجاً

المؤلفون: hamd bdir abd al-Hasan حامد بدر عبد الحسين
الصفحات: 1146-1153
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الخلاصة

Koran field wider, and the spring Walther, who draws him scholars their subjects in all ages, have gained Ijaz Quranic text Great care which were not ratified by another text issues, and the need of the Arab as a need rights to linger as long as Arab Studies of referral in the Qur'an and ponder, and the development of tools in the context of language on the shape and significance level, arranges coordinated linguistic Petrtb external context, and the interaction of the constant elements in the text on the one hand, and the interaction of the text with the outside presence on the other hand, for the formation of the significance and the shadows of the text whole, unity and consistency, the research is divided on the front and the types of referral Sura blessed and a conclusion and a list of sources and references.


Article
Content Analysis of Physics Books for Undergraduate (CFBT)
تحليل محتوى كتب الفيزياء للمرحلة الاعدادية على وفق معايير المؤسسة البريطانية (CFBT)

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الخلاصة

The study aimed at analyzing the physics book for the fourth grade according to the criteria of (CFBT). The research problem was determined by the following question: - What is the availability of CFBT standards in the physics book for the fourth grade? The researcher prepared a list of criteria (CFBT) in English and presented them to specialists in English to translate into Arabic, then prepared a list of standards translated after the agreement to be translated by English language specialists, and presented to educational professionals in ways of teaching general science to verify the adequacy of standards for the content of booksAnd after obtaining the agreement of educational specialists in the field of science on the compatibility of standards for the book of physics, the researcher began to analyze the content of the book of physics for the fourth grade according to the standard (CFBT) using the descriptive analytical method, the researcher used in this study method of analysis of the content based on the extraction of the main ideas in The results of the research were: The availability of standards in the fourth grade textbook was low, and recommended that the criteria for this study be as follows: To study several detailed recommendations including:


Article
Effectiveness of the cluster umbrella strategy in the creative thinking of first grade students in science
فاعلية استراتيجية المظلة العنقودية في التفكير الابداعي لدى طالبات الصف الأول المتوسط في مادة العلوم

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الخلاصة

The goal of the research is (the tariff on the effectiveness of the cluster umbrella strategy in the creative thinking of students in the first grade intermediate in science) The research sample was composed of (60) randomly selected students from the first grade intermediate school (Fatima) for Girls within the Directorate General of Education in Karbala Governorate / Iraq. This was divided equally into experimental and control groups. The researcher used the SPSS program to process statistical data indicating that there were statistically significant differences at the level of significance (0,05) and for the benefit of the experimental group which studied the material Science according to the cluster umbrella strategy by testing creative thinking). If the experimental group averages (15.9), the average score of the control group is (12.1). In light of this, the researcher recommended )Using the cluster umbrella strategy for its creative thinking effectiveness among first-graders in science(


Article
Heterosexual speech in modern stage text rafid mahmood mashi
خطاب الغيرية في النص المسرحي المعاصر

المؤلفون: Rafid Mahmood Mashi رافد محمود ماشي
الصفحات: 1184-1199
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الخلاصة

Dramatic works from its beginning depends on solving society problems and simulate its needs, as well as, the stage is one of entertainment and learning means. Stage studies focused on intellectual aspects which are processed, especially the subject of speech of others which considered one of the subjects that take wide range in stage processed. Especially after modern philosophy community (Controversy – Doubt – Existentialism) after age of enlightenment and the direction towards physical directories and avoidance of ideals and supernatural world. Stage processed of Heterosexual subjects from thinking of the other homogeneous to reach the other heterogeneous. First chapter tackle about research problem which is the question: (What is the Heterosexual in the stage speech?) The chapter also includes research importance and its needs and aim which the researcher select it: (Detection of Heterosexual speech in modern stage text). Then it shows the research space and time limits. The time between (2008 – 2013) and the space is Iraq. As well as objective limit which restricted in study of Heterosexual speech in modern stage speech. Second chapter includes theoretical framework and previous researches which divided into two sections: First includes significance of Heterosexual meaning in (concept – what – philosophy). The second includes Heterosexual speech in world stage speech. This chapter also includes indicators of theoretical framework and previous studies. Third chapter includes the research society which builds from 5 dramatic texts, Arabic, Iraqi, and foreign. This chapter also includes research methodology and its sample and the search tool which researcher depends on to analysis the sample. Forth chapter includes the results and conclusions then the list of reference and bibliography which researcher depends on in his study. The important results that researcher reach it is: 1- Modern dramatic works was marked with Heterosexual speech which is take many pictures from existential thought. 2- Heterosexual speech changes from the other homogeneous to heterogeneous. 3- Heterosexual speech expressed metaphorically in very condescending. 4- Heterosexual speech trend satisfying unbridled desire simulating the perceptions of collective consciousness.


Article
University sports activities and their relation to psychological pollution among students of some faculties of Babylon University
الأنشطة الرياضية الجامعية وعلاقتها بالتلوث النفسي لدى طلاب بعض كليات جامعة بابل

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الخلاصة

The purpose of the research was to prepare the measures of sports activities and psychological pollution among students of some faculties of Babil University, as well as to identify the nature of the role of university sports activities and psychological pollution among students of some faculties of Babylon University, as well as finding the relationship between the role of sports activities between university sports activities and psychological pollution And the researchers used the descriptive approach in the method of surveying and interrelationships. The research community identified the students of some colleges at the University of Babylon for the academic year (2017-2018) practicing the university sports activities of (130) students. The researchers used the research tools The researchers conducted a survey of the two measurements on an exploratory sample from outside the main research sample (25), and then found the scientific bases for the measurements. After their validity and stability, they were distributed on the main sample of the sample (92) ), And then the researchers collected the forms and sorted their data and processed by the appropriate statistical means and discuss them depending on the relevant scientific sources, and in the light of these results the researchers reached the conclusions of the most important students enjoy some colleges - University of Babylon (sample research) (The research sample), as well as the existence of a significant correlation between the role of sports activities psychological pollution among students of some faculties of the University of Babylon (research sample) In the light of this, the researchers recommended several recommendations, including the need to conduct periodic tests to measure the role of university sports activities and psychological pollution and on a continuous basis for students practicing university sports activities at the university, as well as the emphasis on the role of sports activities to overcome the psychological pollution of students through psychological means of To hold competitions or university sports competitions on a continuous basis.


Article
The spatial distribution of public hospitals in Hilla city (study in the geography of cities)
التوزيع المكاني للمستشفيات الحكومية في مدينة الحلة (دراسة في جغرافية المدن)

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الخلاصة

The study focused on the objectives and methodology used to study an important part of the community services, focusing on the most basic services and targeted primarily to serve the city's population, which is health services, aimed at evaluating the efficiency of the service in the city and to know the efficiency in meeting the needs of the population The research In order to achieve several goals, most notably that health services are an important and essential part of any country in the world, as they serve all segments of society, as well as the study of the history and distribution and evaluation of the efficiency of health services is addressed by health planning, which is one of the main objectives in Development of health services and increase its efficiency and facilitate access to, and ultimately the researcher is trying to develop a future vision for the service in the city in order to use the most efficient and effective up to 2028 m. The first topic dealt with the historical development of health services, and the second topic dealt with the numerical distribution of the workforce in government hospitals in the city. The third topic dealt with the subject of strategies and Swat analysis In addition to identifying the city's needs of health services and future needs up to 2028 m


Article
Noise pollution in the city of Hilla and its impact on the population in terms of health, psychological and mental
التلوث الضوضائي في مدينة الحلة واثره على السكان من الناحية الصحية والنفسية والعقلية

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الخلاصة

The study examined the noise pollution in the city of Hilla and its impact on the human health, psychological and neurological, by measuring the levels of sound in the neighborhoods and streets of the city and its shops and industrial and various types where the study of the sources of noise pollution and its impact on humans and find solutions to address pollution in this city, In the city of Hilla has an impact on the health, psychological and neurological condition of the human being and it is not caused by high blood pressure, hearing impairment, asthma, allergies and nerve damage. In addition, it was found that some industries in the city of Hilla, Injury hearing loss with cancer diseases caused by a chemical substance used to clean pots and pots made of chemicals that affect nerve damage and hearing loss gradually when people that


Article

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الخلاصة

The research aims to identify the skills of the memorization and its relation to the motivation of learning among middle school students in the Directorate General of Education in Babil province To achieve the goal of the research, the researcher formulated the following hypothesis: There is no statistically significant difference between the average of the experimental group and the control group in the measure of motivation for learning in the detection of the relationship between the authoritarian personality and psychological confidence. The researcher adopted the scale and determined the current study: (2017-2018), The middle schools in the Directorate of Education Babylon, The research community of female students registered in the middle schools, the district of Qasim district and the Directorate General of the province of Babylon, has reached the number of female students (1030) for the academic year (2017/2018) losers The researcher studied the two groups of research in the experiment, which lasted a full semester, applied at the end of the study tools, the results showed the following: The first goal is to know the level of memorization skills among students in middle school After the statistical processing, the mean of the sample (s) on the skills level of memorization (139.81) and the standard deviation (31.42) while the mean mean (120). After using the self-test for one sample, the calculated intrinsic value appeared (31.59) The highest critical critical value (1.96) is a statistical function at the level of (0.05) indicating that the respondents have a high level of memorization skills.


Article
The Nicaraguan Revolution 1978-1979 and the position of the United States of America Of which
الثـــــورة النيكاراغوية 1978-1979 وموقف الولايات المتحدة الامريكية منها

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الخلاصة

The Nicaraguan revolution embodied the position of the United States of America from one of the revolutions of the Third World, the revolution in which the country sought to distance the United States from interfering in its internal affairs through its pro-US government, the Somoza Depayil government. The Nicaraguan revolution was composed of workers, peasants, middle class, intellectuals, nationalists and the army, professionals, owners of small and medium-sized property and land, rural and urban businessmen, bourgeois opposition, middle and upper class nationalities, students, women, children, the elderly, Indians, blacks. After more than four decades of US support for the Somoza family in Nicaragua, the great threat came from the popular revolution led by the Sandinista National Liberation Front, which forced the US government to take a stand in support of regime change.


Article
Effectiveness of Herrmann Model in the achievement of Fourth-Scientific Class female students in Biology
فاعلية أنموذج هيرمان في تحصيل طالبات الصف الرابع العلمي في مادة الأحياء

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الخلاصة

The research aims to identify the effectiveness of Herrmann Model in the achievement of Fourth-Scientific Class female students in Biology. The researcher has adopted the partial-control experimental method to adjust the research variables. The research sample consists of (70) student (35) student who have studied according to Herrmann model and (35) student who have studied according to normal method). Before starting the experiment, the researcher has made an equivalence between the two groups representing in variables (age by months, students' previous achievement in biology, testing previous information and intelligence test). Statistics have proved that the two groups of research are equivalent to those variables. After conducting the equivalence, the researcher has prepared application requirements including plans, goals and tests for the two groups of research. She has applied her research tools after completing the experiment application. After marking the student answers, she has obtained data for the experimental group and control group, where those data have been statistically processed by (T-test) for two independent samples. Results have shown superiority of the experimental group which has studied according to Herrmann Model over the control group which has studied according to the normal method in the studying achievement variable.


Article
U.S Policy Towards Political Events in Nicaragua During President Gerald Ford's (1974-1977)
سياسة الولايات المتحدة الامريكية تجاه الاحداث السياسية في نيكاراغوا خلال عهد الرئيس جيرالد فورد (1974-1977)

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الخلاصة

The issue of US policy toward Nicaragua is of great importance to American foreign policy researchers. It is important to explain the US strategy of stabilizing the US presence, finding a strategic ally in Nicaragua, and removing the Communist threat from the Latin American region as a whole. Because it threatens US national security. The policy of the United States of America towards Nicaragua in different stations depending on the nature and philosophy of each administration during the Ford presidency (1974-1977) was weak in some respects but generally adopted a relatively more neutral attitude towards the Nicaraguan government, knowing that there was no radical change In the general direction of US policy, Their motive was to worry about the future of the permanent interests of the United States of America in Nicaragua and to try to keep the Communist threat out of the way.


Article
Analysis of the reality of palm production in the district of shamiya for the period 2014-2017
تحليل واقع انتاج النخيل في قضاء الشامية للفترة (2014 – 2017)

المؤلفون: Aateka faaik Ridah عاتكة فائق رضا
الصفحات: 1305-1320
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الخلاصة

Interested in the search the analysis of spatial cultivation of palm in spend shamia, As adopted to the study of natural factors influencing the production of palm it is the most important of temperature and clarify factors and life and how to the effect of insect pests the production of palm and on the nature of the palm and how it affects their growth and her life in spend shamia it is these insects (Hifarat alcekan and alhmeera) it is disease that affects palms in the district (lafht algred and taafn kmt the palm) Which are controlled by pesticides and attention and care palm it was found that most palm trees were found in the judiciary they are trees (alzahdey) and that the preparation exceeds the other varieties and this coincides with production, which is more of this type.


Article
Ethiopian-Israeli cooperation and its role in supporting American interests 1963- 1969
التعاون الاثيوبي- الاسرائيلي ودوره في دعم المصالح الامريكية 1963-1969م

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الخلاصة

Israel has been the main ally of the United States of America, a strategic tool in its hands and a protector of its interests in the Middle East. It has therefore worked to bridge the relationship between Israel and Ethiopia to tighten control over the region and to preserve Ethiopia's loyalty to it by its geographical location and strategic importance in the Horn region. The United States has strengthened the Israeli-Ethiopian cooperation in the establishment of several joint economic projects, as well as Ethiopia's military support from Israel to strike the Eritrean revolution, given Eritrea's importance The Israeli strategy of national security. As well as its importance to the United States of America, Which is to ensure the use of the military communications base in Asmara and other naval and air bases in the Red Sea resort of Massawa, so the United States keen to strengthen relations between its allies Israel and Ethiopia to serve their interests in the region, especially as the interests of everyone in this region is one.


Article
The conspiratorial Reification in the Iraqi theater
تمظهرات التشيؤ في النص المسرحي العراقي

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الخلاصة

With the escalation of the rhythms of the crisis of the modern era and the ferocity of the capital and the capitalist style that raged against the human destiny, a number of intellectual concepts that affect the human self, including the concept of "Desire", which worked on the acquisition of the human identity, was theatrical text effective in the production of contemporary theater discourse diversified sources of metaphors aesthetic A metaphor of history or folk heritage or the embodiment of a contemporary reality. The first chapter (the methodological framework) included the problem of research and was in the form of a question; are there any manifestations of the emergence in the Iraqi theater text ?, its importance and need, and its purpose, which summarizes the following question: The term of the research texts, which was determined by the time period (2017-2017) and the place of the texts of the Iraqi play, but objectively research has been specialized in the study of theatrical texts that rely on the manifestations of distortion in the text of the Iraqi theater, Terminology His language is linguistically, theoretically and procedurally. The second chapter focused on the theoretical framework, which included three topics: the first (Conceptual conceptualization), the second was devoted to the study of social deism. The third topic was the representation of distortion in theatrical text. This chapter concluded with the most important indicators that resulted from the theoretical framework. In the third chapter (research procedures) represented by the research society and its sample, which was chosen in a fundamental way. The tool of analysis was based on the indicators produced by the theoretical framework and the use of descriptive (analytical) The fourth chapter included the results, including: 1. The disfigurement of the character of the play is manifested in the passage behind the material things in the play (Bab Alhawaj) in the personality (husband), which is behind the power of concealment and pursuit and possession to protect from the enemies.. 2. The distortion in the character of the play is shown in the paragraph of adherence to moral values in the play (Bab Al-Hawajaj) in the character of the wife and mother, especially in the non-acceptance of rape by the enemies, and then the conclusions, recommendations and suggestions.


Article
The American Position of the Ethiopian Revolution in 1974.
الموقف الامريكي من الثورة الاثيوبية عام 1974

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الخلاصة

Since the advent of the Emperor Haile selassie to power in 1930, the Ethiopian people were subject to autocratic authority and feudal system. Administrative corruption, incompetence and neglect of the interests of the people were prominent features of that system. Thus, the beginning of 1974 witnessed an explosion in political activity in Ethiopia, The apparent collapse of the Haile selassie power and the inability of the imperial structures of the government to contain the social forces that demand change to launch a comprehensive struggle to change power by the groups that have been mobilized revolutionary. The United States of America left Haile selassie, its main ally in the Horn of Africa, facing its own destiny. This was due to the age of the Emperor and his failure to achieve any economic and social progress, And the lack of a successor reassures the US administration of its loyalty to it and coincided with the announcement of the Nixon principle and the state of harmony that prevailed between the United States and the Soviet Union. With the decline of US military support for the Haile selassie regime and the growing political protests, the military seized the opportunity to control the situation in the country. The emperor was deposed on September 12, 1974.


Article
Values of Quran witeness in Al-Juna Al-Dani Book for Al-Maradi 749H
قيمة الشَّاهد القرآني في كتابِ الجنى الدَّاني لِلمُرادي (ت: 749ه)

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الخلاصة

The purpose of this research is to reveal the value of the Qur'anic witness in the book Al-Jinnah Al-Dani Al-Mradi (T: 749 AH) among the other evidences in his book, and try to spread the value of the Qur'anic witness specifically in this book and the first thing we seek in this book is that the Muradi was blessed with the Quranic witness As it is often cited on other evidences such as the Prophet's Hadith and literature in poetry and publication, as we can look at the value of the Koranic witness at Al-Mouradi in the book Al-Jannah Aldani with some points that we will explain later.


Article
Lines and their importance in historical studies and their impact on the critical approach (Bright light Al-Sakhawi(902-1496) model)
الخطوط وأهميتها في الدراسات التاريخية وأثرها على المنهج النقدي (الضوء اللامع لأهل القرن التاسع للسخاوي (ت902/1496م) أنموذجاً)

المؤلفون: Ahmed Oleiwi Sahib أحمد عليوي صاحب
الصفحات: 1382-1392
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الخلاصة

The current research aims at clarifying the importance of lines in historical studies and their impact on the field of critical approach. It highlights an important aspect of the methodological aspects of our great historians because of their participation in the field of Arab Islamic intellectual heritage. Al-Sakhawi, in his book Bright Light, this by focusing on the lines that were represented in the importance of a wide area of being one of the resources of this book, and thus highlight the types of lines in which our historians dealt in writing their manuscripts, and highlights this trend through the translations of his book Which was included texts focused on highlighting the scientific and intellectual output of the interpreter in the ninth century AH. In this study, the researcher discussed the scientific status of al-Shakhawi, the line and its impact on the originality of the author and the scientific status of the interpreter through his plan. Name, and the validity of descent.


Article
Interpretation of increase at Serafi
التأويل بالزيادة عند السّيرافيّ (ت368ه)

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الخلاصة

The increase in the literal structures of science has taken place since ancient times, and some see that there is one of the components of the structure plus it is mentioned in eloquent linguistic texts, which is meant to be superimposed that it did not intentionally mean meaning to itself, The demands of health and benefit, that is, the composition does not depend on its existence, and what is described as an increase that it is over the original in the performance of the phrase for the meaning that I want to play, and others to keep it and make it a door to hear, which should not be measured, and this research highlights On the efforts of Serafi in his interpretation of Pal An increase in some of the literal and Quranic literal structures in his commentary on Sebwayh's book


Article
Biography of Imam Hussein in the perspective of Orientalists (orientalist Marbin Marbin model)
سيرة الامام الحسين () في منظور المستشرقين (المستشرق الالماني ماربين Marbin أنموذجاً)

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الخلاصة

The orientalist orientalist in the case of Imam Hussein between Moncef and Mughaf. The oriental orientalist Messiou Maribin distinguished himself from the rest of the orientalists by addressing this issue through objective and fair study, although there were some lapses that do not commend this study. And studied the impact of this policy in the short and long term. He also compared the policy of Husseiniya and the policy of some of the heads of religions. He compared the Hussein and the Prophet Yahya bin ZakRia, and Christ Jesus son of Mary, and also dealt with the impact of the Husseini funeral in building the personality of the individual belonging to the doctrine of Ahl al-Bayt. The researcher used many sources during his analysis and criticism of this study, notably the killing of Hussein Abu Makhnaf, the history of Yacoubi, the history of Tabari, and other sources and references. The researcher reached many results, notably: Maribans found that the sacrifice of self, parents, friends and money is a policy that can be reaped by large armies, and that it will remain in effect for generations without being obscured. The sacrifice of Hussein came to restore life to the Islamic religion, which the sons of illiteracy tried hard to obliterate, by questioning the prophecy of the Noble Prophet. The Husseiniya Conference has the unmatched impact of all lessons and meetings. It has been and continues to be a policy of sharpening the influence of the fighters and the revolutionaries. Finally, the researcher asks God Almighty to succeed in this humble work and the intercession of Mustafa and his pure family.


Article
Language and Meaning: From Understanding to Misunderstanding
Language and Meaning: From Understanding to Misunderstanding Lec. Baqir Jasim Mohammed College of Basic Education University of Babylon

المؤلفون: Baqir Jasim Mohammed باقر جاسم محمد
الصفحات: 1442-1451
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الخلاصة

This study has examined the problematic issue of relationship between language and meaning. It is a problem that has always been a controversial issue; moreover, it is constantly present in philosophical, linguistic and social thought because of its close relationship to human understanding which is supposed to lead to the effective interaction. Although this issue has received many studies presented by intellectuals, humanitarians, grammarians and linguists, it remains an important challenge that requires additional efforts to illuminate and clarify its different aspects. The researcher discussed the most important linguistic and philosophical attempts made by philosophers, scholars and well-known linguists to propose a solution to the problem under discussion, referring to their efforts which might include a mixture of positive elements and weaknesses. As a result, the researcher concluded that language is, in itself, a tool of misunderstanding as much as an instrument of understanding. The study included theoretical and applied aspects both in English and Arabic. It has been rounded off with a number of conclusions and recommendations.


Article
Stayls of Art &Their Transformations In Contemporary Art
الأساليب الفنية وتحولاتها في الفن المعاصر

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الخلاصة

This study deals with the study styles of art and in Their Transformations contemporary art. It is divided into four chapters, the first of which is devoted to problem of the Research, the importance, need for it and its purpose, which is limited to identifying the mechanisms of transformations of style in contemporary art And mechanisms of technical work, within a period of time spanning 1965-2004. Which saw the most important elements of contemporary art, which was a wide and rich production, and ended the chapter to define terminology and define the method of procedure to serve the purpose of research and tools. The second chapter deals with Concept of the style and Stylistic transformations in contemporary drawing The second chapter concludes with the indicators of the theoretical framework and the previous studies, which included the most important of the theoretical framework of indicators and concepts, The research. procedures started from the collection of works of art that represent the different artistic trends and ended with what was analyzed as a sample. Chapter 3, which resulted in the results and conclusions that responded to the research objective, was presented with recommendations in chapter 4 of the research, summarized as follows: 1.Introducing the current trends within the mechanisms of visual work unfamiliar; new methods on the technical achievement through the work of the total emptiness of the halls of presentation and performance, body and nature and the use of technological industries, to become the concept of traditional painting to the works of art constitute visual discourse


Article
Jewish flow in Canaan and the emergence of the Jewish State to the end of the Judges Era (1220-1060 B.C) of Josephus
الانسياح اليهودي في ارض كنعان وتمظهر الدولة اليهودية فيها حتى نهاية عصر القضاة (1220-1060ق.م) وفق منظور المؤرخ يوسيفوس

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الخلاصة

Researchers who study the ancient history in general and critical studies on Jewish texts, in particular, are faced with various difficulties and pose queries that stimulate their insights. 1-Josephus was also in contradiction regarding the moral calls of Prophet Moses. On one hand, he said the Moses used to call for non-aggression and not fighting and avoidance of bloodshed. On the other hand, he showed the glorious Prophet calling for killing Amalekites without mercy. 2-The thesis also highlights the exaggerations of Josephus in his indication to the victories of the Jewish against their foes. He used high figures and digits for enemy deaths in his writings to make them more exciting and intriguing for readers. For example, he talked about high numbers of philistines who were killed by Saul the King (approximately 60,000).


Article
Existence of the Jewish in Egypt of Pharos and their relationship with Hexose in the perspective of Josephus
التراتبية التاريخية لمرحلة التهجير القسري لليهود من مصر الفرعونية في ضوء روايات المؤرخ يوسيفوس

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الخلاصة

The thesis came out with the following main conclusions: 1- The thesis highlighted those mental approaches existed in the thinking of Josephus and biblical texts derived from too much indulgence in these texts. Josephus was descended from a religious Jewish family that led him to this knowledge. The similarity between these two sources is very clear and strengthens the pillars of his writing approach about the old history of the Jewish. This gave a cohesive answer about the purpose of his narrative source and its effect on his scientific approach. 2- The thesis has proved that Josephus had significant contradicting views, as in his final evaluation of the relationship between the Jewish and Egyptians. On one hand, he blamed the Egyptians for extremely persecuting the Jewish and exposing them to forced labor. On the other hand, there are indications in his writings that pharos had opened the doors for Jewish leadership, as was the case to Moses when he led the Egyptians to fight the Ethiopians, as well as assisting the Jewish when they were under the pressure of Assyrians and Babylonians.


Article
Gifts in Abbasid poetry
الهدايا في الشعر العباسي

المؤلفون: Thaer Samir Hassan Al Shammari ثائر سمير حسن الشمري
الصفحات: 1507-1531
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الخلاصة

When we read about the Abbasid poetry, we noticed that there are many texts in which poets talk about gifts, but they are divided into three sections. The first section is where poets are the initiators of the gift. They are the ones who give gifts to others. The second section is the poets. In the third section we noticed that poets received gifts without asking them, and in the three sections most of the poets described these gifts at length.

الكلمات الدلالية

Gifts --- Abbasid poetry. --- الهدايا، الشعر العباسي


Article
Study in the elections of the Iranian Islamic Shura Council Third Session, (April 8, 1988), (13 May 1988)
دراسة في انتخابات مجلس الشورى الإسلامي الإيراني الدورة الثالثة، (8 نيسان 1988)، (13 أيار 1988)

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الخلاصة

The study of the elections of the Shura Council, the third session of 1988, is one of the important topics in the history of the Republic of Iran. Its importance is the lack of studies that have been studied in detail, And also because of the importance of the legislative power and its impact on the Iranian political situation, and we will address several places, How did the current line of Imam Khomeini managed to control the Council completely and exclude the opposition, And also to address the differences that took place between the Ministry of the Interior and the Council for the maintenance of the Constitution and detailed, The research also dealt with the political and security environment that accompanied these elections, and many other topics. The research was divided into an introduction


Article
The effect of graphs in the teaching of the grammar of the Arabic language in the second intermediate students
اثر الرسوم البيانية في تدريس قواعد اللغة العربية لدى طالبات الثاني المتوسط

المؤلفون: Bassam Abdul Khaliq Abbas بسام عبد الخالق عباس
الصفحات: 1544-1573
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الخلاصة

Aim of the research: The current research aims to: ((The effect of graphs in the teaching of the grammar of the Arabic language in the second intermediate students ((. Research Hypothesis: to achieve the aim of the research the researchers put the null hypothesis of the following: - "There is no difference statistically significant at the level (0.05) between the average scores of students who were studying Arabic language in accordance with the rules of the deductive reasoning skills and the average scores of students who were studying Arabic language rules in the traditional way in the collection." - To achieve the aim of the research the researchers chose medium students in a medium household of the Directorate of Education Babil province for the academic year 2014- 2015, and in a way random clouds researchers chose Division (a) to represent the experimental group that will study the Arabic language rules according deductive reasoning skills and by (28) Student, while represented Division (b) the control group, which will study the Arabic language in accordance with the rules of the traditional way, by (28) students, researchers conducted a parity between the two groups of students search in the following variables: 1. chronological age of the students measured in months


Article
PATHS OF HUGE BELIEFS OF RESPONSIBILITY FOR COLLEGE STUDENTS
مسارات المعتقدات المضخمة للمسؤولية لدى طلبة الجامعة

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الخلاصة

Paths of huge beliefs of responsibilities are considered of important subjects that distract minds of researchers and specialists of education and psychology and trigger a big controversy where the problem of research is crystalized because it is a feature Of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD)'s features that influences tremendously on individuals notably college students, in spite of the fact of, the responsibility should be the same for each individual as same as personal and social responsibility,


Article
Assessment of the teaching skills of the physics department students from the point view of the teachers of the material
تقييم مهارات التدريس لمطبقي قسم الفيزياء من وجهة نظر مدرسي المادة

المؤلفون: Ibrahim Nasir Mohi إبراهيم محي ناصر
الصفحات: 1591-1605
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الخلاصة

Extract search is teaching profession practiced by graduates of colleges of education after graduation and completion of the study. Although groomed for four years, but he often directs cash to them, especially during the application period and by teachers Article jurisdiction so research aimed to identify the teaching skills possessed by students Almtbakan and measured using the Note Form have been prepared for this purpose included eight competencies and key Twenty-nine secondary were confirmed sincerity through virtual honesty viewing on experts and specialists were persistence account through Cooper equation and become valid for process measurement of teaching skills distributing the teachers of the material in the sample schools, whereby observed students Almtbakan and after Statistical analyzes show that efficiencies of four out of eight students have not achieved any Implementers half the teaching skills necessary for the exercise of the profession and the researcher to the explanations for these findings and recommendations for the use of the skills of teachers in the future and suggests prospective studies are complementary to search.


Article
Fertilizers attend the place In the poetry of the Basem Furat
مخصبات حضور المكان في شعر باسم فرات

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الخلاصة

This research is based on the accountability of the fertilizers of the presence of the place in the poetry of the name of the Euphrates, as any one of the poets who hired the place in their hair; and earned him his presence within the poetic text, and helped these fertilizers to appear two types of spatial presence in the poetic body are the places of gems and places Because these (fertilizers) are elements of contribution to the furnishing of the place on the one hand, and possession of its natural and psychological, on the other hand, divided the presence of places according to the significance produced and according to fertilizer to the places of gel and other explicit as stated above.


Article
The Novel interpretation of the verses of the borders and the Diyat of the Imamiyah interpreters
التفسيرُ الروائيُّ لآيات الحدود والدِّيَات عند مُحْدَثِي مفسّري الإمامّيةِ

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الخلاصة

The research deals with the use of this method in interpreting the verses of borders and the Diyat through the narratives from the of the Prophetic Sunnah, based on what is written in the Qur'an. In the books of the modernist interpretation, the research has been conducted on two subjects. The first topic: The novelist interpretation in the verses of the border, which includes the limit of adultery, the limit of libel, the limit of theft, the limit of murder, And His Messenger, and the second topic: the novelist interpretation in the verses of the Diyat that expiation for killing, and expiation zihaar (and the one who is the apparent meaning of his wife), and expiation for the oath, and expiation forbidden fishing, and expiation shaved hair taboo, together with the introduction and preparation at the beginning of the search, and the conclusion of the most important results of the study.


Article
Text and Cultural Memory Semiotics Iraqi Prose Poem as a Model
النص وسيميائية الذاكرة الثقافية قصيدة النثر العراقية أنموذجاً

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الخلاصة

This dissertation tackles the relationship between the literary and historical text, from a semiotic point of view, it is meant to deal with the theme of history and cultural memory, applied on specific samples of Iraqi prose poems, starting from the economic siege up till the political change. These two concepts encapsulate; the historical record, the continuation of memory, mythology, and oblivion. It begins with the semiotic-cultural approach in its study of history, memory and culture, which comprises literary work with outside content belonging to the historical and cultural context, considering the signs to be the intermediary of the meaning and significance of the social reality and the leveling or twisting of it. It has been able to stand on past and present historical representations, reconstruct it in the prose poem, the quality of the event, symbol or incident, And the techniques working on on overlooking or forgetting some of them.


Article
The Charter of Rio de Janeiro 1947 and its impact on the policy of the United States of America
ميثاق ريو دي جانيرو 1947 واثره على سياسة الولايات المتحدة الامريكية

المؤلفون: Zaman Hasan Kridi زمن حسن كريدي
الصفحات: 1674-1686
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الخلاصة

Became US policy after the second world war 1939-1945 in front of benefits relate identifying her doctrine strategy as a state of Super in the international system, and this strategic thinking work on the delayed political to the right now, but this does not mean that it does not have a vision of a narrow about some international crisis that hit the world during the cold war, which payment policy US to surround itself a series of treaties and alliances defense of economic activity mutual between other countries, in order to ensure continuity of maintaining its international as of the largest polarity international in the world of the Second World War side by side with the Soviet Union, split the world to polar bi become necessary and follow the many of the political means task for sizing role of the Soviet and face what is known tide Communist a matter who initiated by the United States the US immediately after the war's end.


Article
Techniques of The demonstration in works of Salam Omar
تقنيات الإظهار في أعمال سلام عمر

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الخلاصة

This study is concerned with the study of the techniques of demonstration in works of Salam Omar. It is located in four chapters. The first chapter deals of the research problem, its importance and the need for it, the purpose of the research and its limits, and the definition of the most important terms in it The problem of research is determined by trying to answer the following question: What are the techniques of demonstrating in Works of Salam Omar? The first chapter also includes the objective of the research Detection of the techniques of showing in the work (Salam Omar) The second chapter deals Three research, The first research deals The concept of technology and its impact on art, and deals the second research In technical and mechanisms of demonstration them On the photographic surface in schools of modernity and postmodernism, and research The third It has been addressed Techniques of The demonstration in In the works of Iraqi painters, and ended the chapter to The second is the theoretical framework indicators and previous studies, Where it included the most important of the theoretical framework of indicators and concepts. The Chapter three deals with research procedures: Including the research community Choose an adult sample (5) artwork, then search the sample analysis tool.


Article
The narrative proverbial in Quranic text
القصّ المَثَليّ في النّصّ القرآنيّ

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الخلاصة

The narrative performance is one of the incidents that escalate in opposition to it as in the dramatic events that contain its elements of stories from people, times, places and accidents, or events that are achieved by consensus as in the formulas of statements of statements aimed at opening up their dialogue on a wider horizon. This performance does not expose us to reality as presented by the history books and the walk, but simplifies a picture of us disguised reshapes the reality formed according to visions embodied by possible events falling. One of the types of storytelling is the story of a dogmatic story, which is achieved by means of a paraphrase, preaching, warning, or metaphorical metaphor, rather than reality. In other words, its events are linked to the world of example rather than to the real world of events. Hence, this study aimed at the method of interpretation to find out what the events of the Qur'anic text during the (the ideal story in the Quranic text), as it was a caption of events of Quranic simulations of negative and sometimes negative events similar to events of storytelling


Article
The Combination of the Hamza and Baa of transitivity in the Holy Quran
الجمع بين همزة التّعدية وباء التّعدية في القرآن الكريم

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الخلاصة

In this section, our interest lies in investigating the accuracy or inaccuracy of that what grammarians have approved of, it is the prohibition of combining both the hamza and baa of transitivity. That which is founded on this, is an overt morphology. Is it true that Arabic really refuses such combination, and if it allows this, it will be essential to interpret the Quran regardless of its structure ? This is what we are trying to explore in this section.


Article
Construction of a Training Program in accordance Productive Thinking for the teachers of Biology and its impact in smart thinking of their Students
بناء برنامج تدريبي وفقاً للتفكير المنتج لمدرسي علم الاحياء واثره في التفكير الحاذق لطلبتهم

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الخلاصة

The Present research aims constructing a training program according to the productive thinking for the teachers of Biology, and verifying its effect in the smart thinking of their students The researchers adopted a partial experimental design of two equal groups. The current research community includes the teachers of Biology of the preparatory stage of the secondary and preparatory schools of the General Directorate for the Education of Karbala. The sample size was(42) teachers and The number of their students (420) students.The training program was built in three stages (Planning, implementation, evaluation). It defined(10) training days by two sessions per day, at the time of the three hours. The instrument was built a smart thinking scale, consisting of (80) paragraphs. The results showed that the students experimental group of teachers biology surpassed on the students control group.


Article
The state in the perspective of the Iraqi elite Field study in the governorates of Mosul, Salah al-Din and Anbar
الدولة في منظور النخبة العراقية دراسة ميدانية في محافظات الموصل وصلاح الدين والأنبار

المؤلفون: Ali Taher Nasser علي طاهر ناصر
الصفحات: 1771-1782
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الخلاصة

This study examines the trends of the Sunni Arab elite in the western and northern governorates in particular, towards a number of issues that are problematic for the Iraqi state and nation. Using the methodology of the field survey and the methodical interview tool, the study reached the faults and delays in building the state and its institutions, such as dealing with the citizens and the directions of some of the organs politically and culturally, in addition to imbalances in the powers granted to the provinces and others. The study also found a correction in the attitudes of the society in these areas toward the sectarian and national levels in the introduction to rediscovering the national identity of the Iraqi pluralistic spectrum. The movement of large displacement from the Sunni Arab regions to the rest of Iraq and the mixing and communication with various groups of society played a key role in this new trend, which was reflected politically in overcoming alliances of sectarian nature in the recent parliamentary elections.


Article
The Aesthetic Dimensions in the Drawings of Gustav Klimt
الابعاد الجمالية في رسوم غوستاف كليمت

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الخلاصة

The new art is considered one of the art of modernity, which dealt with the nature and context of life and the transformations of the society through artistic formations based on the shapes and lines inspired by nature in general. After that, Austria took this art to give it a distant horizon. Among its most important artists was Gustav Klimt, He had a prominent role in the dissemination of this art was one of the Moorish figures in the arts then. Where he relied on the structure of design and design that characterized his artistic products, which enriched his artistic and aesthetic experience in the world of art. Hence the problem of research by asking the following: What aesthetic dimensions in the drawings of Gustav Klimt? The importance of the research is by highlighting one of the arts of modernity (the new art) as an art that has its mechanisms, engines and characteristics, which did not get out of the study. As well as the study of the aesthetic dimensions that characterized the fees (Klimt), but the need for research is the need for this study as a form of enrichment library technical. The objective of the research (known as the aesthetic dimensions in the drawings of Gustav Klimt), while the thematic boundaries included the study of aesthetic dimensions in the drawings of Gustav Klimt, the spatial boundaries (Austria) and the temporal (1902-1916), and then the definition of the search terms and their definition. The aesthetic dimensions were then defined as a column In fact, it builds the path of research and its fruits. Where the theoretical framework contained two subjects and will be the ground for adopting the indicators of the theoretical framework. The first section was composed of the first: the aesthetic dimensions II: the new art where the aesthetic, intellectual and artistic views were reviewed; the second section, which represents the intellectual influences in the paintings of Gustav Klimt where He reviewed the most important intellectual stations in his work (Klimt) starting with the separatist movement and its impact on Byzantine art and then extracting theoretical framework indicators and previous studies.


Article
Patterns of political anxiety in the Andalusian poetry from the split to the falloff the caliphate (92-422H
أنماط القلق السياسي في الشعر الأندلسي من الفتح إلى سقوط الخلافة (92-422هــ)

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الخلاصة

Anxiety is the supreme feelings and emotions that affect human being and they have powerful motive to face the obscure indefinite. This is the first weapon which is helped Arabs when they enter the Andaluz, but this weapon is double-edged, either to push them to salvation and ingeniousness. This will motivate their wish and activate their enthusiasm, or push them to wards pessimism, discontent and sickness. In a society, like Andalusian souety in any new and substitution land this variety in nationality and race. For this, the Andalusian feels, anxiety in his soul and heart. This anxiety goes and stays with him. This becomes his sense, which can feel and know positive or negative things. Therefore, anxiety is his way to test things. In addition, this will not let him feel completely tranquility and rest but restlessness is one of the elements, which keeps his behavior with things stays like this along the era of conquest, and prefecture there were periods of stability in Andaluz during the era of Arab empire. The many wars, the tale bearing, political envy and has the content of the governor; all these make the poet not away from all these problems, which affect his political position and make him worry. For this political worriness in his poems through. Variety of his feelings according to what he thinks of his political fate, or to be worry of prison. For first, his worriness and then when he enters the prison he becomes worry of sickness, being old to be forgotten and the departure from his family or this may exceed this or that to war and fighting and then death or being homeless and being a beggar in other ways.


Article
The effect of the Colberg and Caffarell models in the development of creative writing skills among students of the Faculty of Education
أثر أنموذجي كولبرغ وكافاريل المطورين في تنمية مهارات الكتابة الإبداعية عند طلبة كلية التربية

المؤلفون: Turkish sky inside سماء تركي داخل
الصفحات: 1818-1834
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الخلاصة

The research aimed to identify: the effect of the models of Kolberg and Caffarel developers in the development of creative writing skills in the students of the Faculty of Education, the researcher put three hypotheses in the light of the research goal, the research sample of the students of the Faculty of Education / Ibn Rushd Phase I by intent, The first, which is taught according to the Colberg model, the researcher prepared a questionnaire in which the skills of creative writing were collected from the literature and previous studies. It consisted of (20) skills, in the light of which the creative writing skills were tested. It consisted of 20 academic questions, The Net Ij as follows: There is a statistically significant difference in favor of the first and second experimental group taught by a prototypical (Kolbrg, and Kavarrel) on total control taught by the usual method at the level (0.05). The result of the second experimental group studied according to the Cavarill model was the first experimental group studied according to the Colberg model at a significance level (0.05). The result showed that the experimental groups and the second in the post-test were superior to the two groups in the tribal test at the level of significance (0.05). In the light of the results and interpretation of the research, the researcher concluded a set of conclusions, a number of suggestions, and recommendations that benefit the educational community.


Article
The physical properties of the local clays that use in pottery
الخصائص الفيزيائية للأطيان المحلية المستعملة في الخزف

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الخلاصة

The objective of the research was to detect the physical properties of different areas of Babil Governorate and the best locations and determine the search within the temporal period (2017 - 2018). The theoretical framework was the content of the clay and clay components, the arrangement of clay granules, types of clay and the properties of the clay from porosity, density, stenosis and linear shrinkage. The research procedures examined the burning of samples with (1100) Which directly affect the ceramic product.


Article
The chemical and mineral properties for some of Babel s'clays
خصائص الاطيان الكيميائية والمعدنية لبعض اطيان محافظة بابل

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الخلاصة

The present research dealt with the study of chemical and mineral properties of some parts of Babil province, which included a presentation of the problem of research, which is determined by the following question: Can the chemical and mineral properties of some parts of Babil Governorate be investigated? The importance of the research and the need for it through the study of the technical characteristics of the Babil province. The theoretical framework included the minerals and mineral composition and its effect on the properties of clay soils, and dealt with the research procedures that included the research community and (3) samples from different regions. One of the most important results of the research is to know the chemical and mineral properties of the Babil province


Article
Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research
ملامح الهوية الثقافية في النص المسرحي العراقي

المؤلفون: Shaker Abdul Athem Jafar شاكر عبد العظيم جعفر
الصفحات: 1857-1872
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الخلاصة

The playwright's reality and his specific surroundings are fertile for the subjects of his plays, in which his writing abilities are reflected and his reading of the spiritual, intellectual and social structure to which he belongs. Therefore, theatrical text can be referred to as the writer's identity to the other. Whether they are ethnic, religious or national, and the diversity of their geographical and cultural history. The text of the theater accordingly is considered the main incubator, which constitutes an important historical document that can read the cultures of the society and its identity, which distinguishes it from other human societies, with its components not owned by another society. Thus, the character of the writer and his interests in the cultures of his society will also emerge according to the concepts of an anthropological presence approved by the text And send them to the world to form their human presence in the global map. The Iraqi text applies to all the previous requirements because it is a text that has a place in the artistic, cultural and artistic societies, as well as being in an era of openness and identification of identities and their overlap and ease of migration to other communities because of the elements of social networking, media, information technology, the Internet and the media era.


Article
The effectiveness of the pattern in the sermon of Imam Ali bin Abi Talib, God honored his face in the description of the world - a textual reading
فاعلية النسق في خطبة الإمام علي ـ كرم الله وجهه ـ في وصف الدنيا – قراءة نصية

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الخلاصة

The purpose of this study is to uncover the effectiveness of the structural structure in enriching the meaning of the text, its cohesion and its interdependence, because it is important in enriching the meaning of the text. It is a mechanism that contributes to the influence of the recipient because it is a constitutive and organizational element. The speeches of Imam Ali bin Abi Talib And in particular his speech in describing the world as the lengths of the pattern along the sermon to be divided into several sequences collected grammatical form and maintained by its active contribution to the negative diodes that show a clear comparison between the conditions of the world, the grammatical and semantic format contributed to enrich this significance and influence the recipient as well The role of building compositional text in enriching the meaning and breadth.

الكلمات الدلالية

sermon --- Imam --- Ali --- minimum. --- خطبة، إمام، علي، الدنيا.


Article
Ethical Values in Children's Theater Activity in Iraq
القيم الأخلاقية في النشاط المسرحي للأطفال في العراق

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الخلاصة

"The early years of the life of the child is one of the most important stages of life and the most influential in the future of the human being, it is a formative stage where the basis of personality and acquire the habits and patterns of behavior different, and all the experiences and relationships and interactions have an impact on future directions. The literature of childhood studies points out that early childhood institutions must first ensure the freedom of movement of their children, which depends on free and directed activity and play, especially theater activity, in the process of learning and education and emphasizes the importance of child development and the development of moral values. In modern and contemporary times, especially in Iraq, there has been a growing interest in raising the child in the early stages of his childhood, for reasons such as that early childhood is one of the most important stages of his life


Article
The Teaching Skins of the Teachers of Physics and Maitematics and their relation of the patters of learning for intermediate school.
المهارات التدريسية لدى مدرسي الفيزياء والرياضيات وعلاقتها بأنماط التعلم عند طلبة المرحلة المتوسطة

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الخلاصة

The present paper aims at defining the Teaching Skins of the Teachers of Physics and Maitematics and their relation of the patters of learning for intermediate school. To a cheive the aims of the paper, the following puestions are supptes: 1- What is the level of the Teaching Skills that are practiced by the Teachers of Phsics and Mathematics? 2- What is the level of the patterns of learning that the secondary pupils possess? 3- Is there a relation between the Skills of Teaching and the patterns of learning? The sample of the paper is composed of (229) teacher (male, female) for the supjects of Physics and Mayhematics. The pupils (1249) pupils (male, female) from the tow get socie. The sample is chosen randomly. The Teaching Skills are specified by (10) skills. Herman classification is the pattern of learning that is depended throughowt the study. The tools used by the reserchers are the measurement for the search of Teaching as well as choosing the patterns of learning. The assured by the results. The number of leaps (jumps) for the criterion of Teaching Skills was (50) leaps. While the number of leaps for the test of learning patterns was (68) leaps depending on the type of test and the studyends up with the following reswlts: The pupils are having the required level of learning patterns. The Teaching Skills of the teachers in same cases did not reach the required level. While attetchment a relation between the Skills of Teaching and the patterns of learning upon the students him are good. The two researchers had given some recomnedations that enhances the results of the paper. They also supplied some suggestions that are considered appropriate for the completion of the preses paper.


Article
RECEPTION AND CIRCULATION OF LANGUAGE IN THE IRAQI THEATRICAL TEXT
التلقي وتداولية اللغة في النص المسرحي العراقي

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الخلاصة

The reading fact of literary text (theatrical text) adopts it's fulcrum shape in the space of paper sheet, means verbal speech has been proved by writing, inside the body of literary text (theatrical), resulted in making the reception transfer from relation of a speaker (author) with listener (recipient) to a relation between reader and text, where verbal confront is absent, referral on scientist and author will collapse, to be re-established again launching from action of reading, which resides in the text not outside it, this reading action will be liberated from its problematic situation through the imposing of text's privacy correlated with working on language, according for what above is mentioned, the current research consists of four chapters, first chapter was theoretical frame which dealt with problem of research that emanated from the following question ((What are basis and criteria that are adopted by reception theory in reading theatrical text deliberatively?)). Then importance of research, need for it, aim and limits of research that were specified by time as (year of 2009) and spatial was determined as (Iraq), while the subjective limit was determined according for the following (Studying the subject of reception according to circulation of language in the Iraqi theatrical text) then the chapter was finalized by determining research's terms and defining them.


Article
Argument institution Constitution reality Supplication Umayyad Period
الحِجــج المؤسّســة لبنـــيـة الــواقــع في استعطاف شعراء العصر الأُموي

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الخلاصة

The aim of this research is to uncover the phenomenon of substitution in the poetry of the Umayyad era, to stand on the most prominent political and social circumstances that called for the poet to resort to his hand, and the approach is converging in his ambition with the pilgrims in that both bet on the power of persuasion to achieve the effect of the effect on the recipient


Article
Evaluation of the performance of faculty members at the Faculty of Pharmacy - Babel University
تقييم الطلبة لأداء أعضاء هيئة التدريس في كلية الصيدلة – جامعة بابل

المؤلفون: Mohammed Hamid Said محمد حامد سعيد
الصفحات: 1964-1979
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الخلاصة

The student assessment of the performance of the faculty member is of great importance for several reasons, that this assessment is the most important source of information on the classroom environment and that students are more resident provides direct contact with regard to effective teaching and teaching methods in University departments benefit from following this information in making decisions regarding faculty member in terms of improving and developing programmes for the preparation and development of the training of the faculty member.Current research aims to identify the student assessment of performance of faculty member in the College of Pharmacy at the University of Babylon by using evaluation form performance faculty member by students form (QSP-7-3-123-01-10) supported by the University of Babylon , the search has been applied on a random sample of students by stages to(60) students for the first phase (50) students for the second phase (50) students of the third stage which compound sample (160) students out of college students of 283 students in three stages open In college and all the study material for the second semester 2011/2012 theory articles only the dorra engaging faculty members teaching courses to avoid weaknesses in performance, the scientific committees in departments need to review design decision in terms of clarity of objectives and linking them with the fact and the extent of her touch each other with the life process, provide teaching in classrooms, emphasis on the development of college library through the provision of modern scientific sources and emphasized the need for teachers to assign students to write reports and scientific research and the use of The library primarily.


Article
The image of rejection in the Iraqi poetry Mohammed Mahdi Jawahiri and Ahmed Matar model
صورة الرفض في الشعر العراقي، محمد مهدي الجواهري واحمد مطر انموذجاً

المؤلفون: Ibtihal Sami al-Khfajy ابتهال سامي الخفاجي
الصفحات: 1980-1992
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الخلاصة

The study began with the use of the concept of rejection, beginning with the revolution on the poetic mold, and then evolved into rejection of reality and revolution. It focused on two poets, Muhammad Mahdi al-Jawahiri and Ahmad Matar, as examples of the rejectionist Iraqi poetry. The research began with an introduction and five demands related to the rejection, the conclusion and the list of sources and references.


Article
A Pathway Towards Transformation: Women in Alice Walker's Novel The Color Purple
الطريق باتجاه التحول: النساء في رواية الس ولكر اللون البنفسجي

المؤلفون: Abdullah Jassim Muhamed عبدالله جاسم محمد
الصفحات: 1993-1999
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الخلاصة

Alice Walker is an African American author. In her works, she focused on the abuse against African American females. According to Walker, African American and white people ought to be treated equally. She also believes that women should unify and support each other to reject male dominance and fulfill self-value, self-recognition, and self-confidence. In the Color Purple, Shug helps Celie to identify herself as a creature, as a human being and as a black woman. This study will provide a thorough scenario of discrimination and oppression that black women faced in America, and how they overcame all the difficulties and defined themselves.


Article
A Comprehensive Study of the Linguistic and Prosodic Functions of Short Arabic Vowels (ʔl-ħerekat)
دراسة شاملة للوظائف اللسانية والعروضية للحركات

المؤلفون: Baqir Jasim Mohammed باقر جاسم محمد
الصفحات: 2000-2015
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الخلاصة

The study of the short Arabic short Vowels in the old Arabic linguistic Treatises was done by ancient Grammarians of Arabic by treating them as a supplementary topic when they had studied consonants. Moreover, their definition of short vowels was based on quantitative bases. Therefore, the of short vowels had been distributed in various sections of studying the consonants, thus reducing their essential importance in the study of Arabic language and poetry. The ancient Arabic grammarians had to present a study based on the central value of short vowels at each level of the study of verbal performance in language and poetry, which had not been realized. The is noticed that the fundamental impact, or the role, of the short vowels can be traced in the following linguistic levels:


Article
The Babylonian Myth in Al Sayyab’s Poetry
الاسطورة البابلية في شعر السياب

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الخلاصة

Due To AL.Sayyab,s leadership of modernizing movement in poetry and being the pioneer, he was very interested in searching for myths and symbols. He sought to employ them in his poetry motivated by his psychological, social, and political situation at that time. Hence it is possible to say that AL-Sayyab paved the way for the poets to use myths in their poetry and he was successful in employing them.


Article
Psychological profile of a child deprived of father's affection “Analytical clinical study on four cases of children of martyrs of the popular crowd through the use of Kinetic family drawing”
البروفيل السيكولوجي للطفل المحروم من العطف الابوي دراسة سريرية تحليلية على اربع حالات لاطفال شهداء الحشد الشعبي من خلال استخدام اختبار رسم العائلة

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الخلاصة

The father loss is a major problem within the family, as the consequent loss of aggravation of psychological, social and behavioral problems among Straighten family, especially on the child, which leads them to injury you a huge psychological pressures which are reflected on the child's first class, this is certainly the result of the lack of awareness of family members that the impact of the loss of the father will be a danger primarily to the psychological life of the child, as it prevents him from continuing to practice the affairs of his daily life properly.If the child is not supported by the extension of the hand that supports him and helps him to overcome his ordeal for the loss of his father, and through his care and observation of changes in his daily behavior, this child will worsen his condition day after day; because he can not disclose his feelings because of his young age first, and can not alone in the absence of his father to satisfy his erroneous needs of parental kindness, and this may lead him to be lost, which is the beginning of the danger to the society in which he lives.


Article
Commissives in the diwan of Shaik Mohammed Ail Haider, The martyr
الاِلْتِزَامِيَّاتُ فِيْ دِيْوَانِ الشَّهِيْدِ الشَّيْخِ مُحَمَّدِ آلِ حَيْدَرِ

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الخلاصة

Pragmatics is considered as one of the most important things of modern linguistic schools because it refers to the language as a means of human communication. It analyzes the literary and unliterary texts, follows the language and its function without any restriction composed by the structural or textual approach. John Langshaw Austin has established speech acts theory in 1960 which is considered as the most important one that represent pragmatic study sides. This theory is developed by John's student, Searle as a theory of the constitutive rules for performing illocutionary acts and both John and Searle are linguists in Oxford University. The searcher tries to highlight selected poetic texts from the diwan of Shaik Mohammed Ail Haider, the martyr and tries to analyze them due to the speech acts theory by Searle. The searcher emphasizes on commissives because it is the common point between the two classifications of the leaders of speech acts theory, Austin and Searle.


Article
Castle of victory in the city of Musayyib (field study)
قلعة النصر في مدينة المسيب (دراسة ميدانية)

المؤلفون: Ibrahim Sarhan Al - Shammari ابراهيم سرحان الشمري
الصفحات: 2069-2102
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الخلاصة

Iraq has witnessed a rich cultural heritage along historical lines and in various aspects of social life. Architecture and art are among the finest forms of the physical heritage produced by human activities. Some of the ruins of this area still exist today, waiting for study, documentation and preservation before being realized by extinction and loss. Contribute to the preservation and documentation of aspects of Iraqi architecture, a study in the category of heritage architecture, the latest in a series of these achievements, which represent the castles of the types of defense architecture, because security is a basic need in the emergence of civilized society and stability.


Article
The indication of fracture structures in AL sahyfa al Kadhimiya
دلالة أبنية جموع التكسير في الصحيفة الكاظمية

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الخلاصة

The search studies the collection of crackers (plenty and few) and formulas of plurals and their significance. the fractures of (plenty and few) are included in al sahyfa-al kadhimiya. the fracture of plenty has in dicated to plenty once and to few one more time. And one of the most fractures which were received within the prayers of paper kadhimiya comes on weight (feal) and less on weight (fealan).And also the few formula in dicated to few and plenty. the most fracture of few which were received in the praers of Imam is on weight (afaal). But the weight (feala) has not been received in the holy prayers. And it is no secret of the context and verbal and moral proofs the have abigrole in explaining the indication of them both the formulas mulitforms were also received and they were dominated by the significance of abudance in the holy prayers of Imam. so the producer of the text has been creative in chosing the fractures according to the intention of his words.


Article
The method of questioning in Surat Al-An'am - Applied grammatical study -
أسلوب الاستفهام في سورة الأنعام- دراسة نحويَّة تطبيقيَّة -

المؤلفون: Walid Khaled is required وليد خالد لازم
الصفحات: 2114-2126
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الخلاصة

This research seeks to study the question method in Surah Al-An'am applied grammatical study. The study was organized in three directions, preceded by a preface and followed by a conclusion, and came the preface in two axes: The first one of them to stand on the meaning of questioning language and terminology, and make the second axis to talk about the importance of Al-Anam. As for the first topic, it was devoted to studying the question letters (Hamzah and Will), and the second to talk about the names of the question, while the third was made to study the metaphorical question. The conclusion was a summary of the main findings of the research.

الكلمات الدلالية

Question --- Anam --- Grammar --- استفهام، انعام، نحويَّة.


Article
Space of Photographic Image in Novel of "Mary"
فضاء الصورة الفوتوغرافية في رواية يا مريم

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الخلاصة

Importance of current research emanates from exploring the importance of space of photographic image (Space-time) described as a narrative tool provoked narrative questions for the narrator about condition of Christian minority in Iraq after 2003, current research intends to explore time and space of photographic image in the fictional board in novel of (Mary), and showing importance of these images in simulation events and characters of this novel, that emerges through history -resembling technique and correlating them with reality of these minority, this techniques provides the narrator to shed lights on features, habits and culture of his character, to look as live, that grants the reader active participation in knowing and pursuing features and characters of these photographic images and replying the implicit questions that narrator tried to ask them via these images about nature of (Space-time) for Christian minority in Iraq and comparing them with current reality.

الكلمات الدلالية

: photo --- Mary --- Joseph. --- الصورة الفوتوغرافية --- مريم --- يوسف.


Article
Royal decrees in the old Babylonia period the King AMMI-SADEQA (1646-1626B.C) Specimen
المراسيم الملكية في العصر البابلي القديم الملك آمي صادوقا (1646 – 1626 ق.م) أنموذجاً

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الخلاصة

Royal decrees are the set of orders and instructions which issue by the kings during their first or subsequent rule years to deal with the crisis and deteriorating economic conditions in the country in a quick and extraordinary ways to keep the society from collapsing. These decrees include two kinds of orders: The first one is immediate and quick legal situation to reduction the exploitation phenomenon which afflicts the society, and the second one is a long-term legal provisions which ensure that the future situation does not deteriorate, and preserves the rights of the population in the sense that it has lasting effect. The royal decrees are called in Sumerian (DI.DAB5.BA) which opposite by Akkadian (Simdat Šarrim). The Royal decrees term (Simdat Šarrim) appeared for the first time during the Babylonian Period (2004-1595 BC). But this does not mean that the royal decrees does not existed before this period ; because there is many terms carried the same meaning of the term Simdat Šarrim in the sense "justice" but Its not mentioned at the same Pronunciation, such as the Sumerian term (AMA.AR./ AMA.GI4) opposite by Akkadian (andurāru) which mean (freedom / debt relief), as well as the Sumerian term (NI3/NIG2.SI.SA2) opposite by Akkadian (mišarum) in the sense of "justice".


Article
A historical study in the story of the madness of Qambiz (530-522 BC)
دراسة تأريخية في قصة جنون قمبيز (530-522 ق.م)

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الخلاصة

This study is dedicated to the talk of one of the king's kings، King Cambyses II (530-522 BC) who is no less important than the other kings of the Persian Persians، by highlighting the most important incident in which King Cambyses was charged with insanity، Through the identification of some of the events and accusations and accounts that mentioned Cambyses and accused of madness، and then reach the most important reasons and results of the research

الكلمات الدلالية

Qambiz --- incident Bardia --- قمبيز، حادثة برديا


Article
Power behavioral system for university students
نظام القوة السلوكي لدى طلبة الجامعة

المؤلفون: Sahar Falah Hussein سحر فلاح حسين
الصفحات: 2170-2184
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الخلاصة

The present research aimed at identifying Power Behavioral System of the university students and the differences of statistical significance according to the sex of the students and their academic specialization. To achieve these goals, the researcher adopted a measure of the Power Behavioral System prepared by (Shaver, 2011) After verifying the validity of the scale, And students from the faculties of the University of Babylon and after the processing of statistical data show that the enjoyment of students of the university power behavioral system and the existence of differences of statistical significance in the sex of students for the benefit of males, while there were no significant differences in the statistical specialization.


Article
Quranic revelation in the books of Amali by the front scientists
الوحي القراني في كتب الأمالي عند علماء الامامية

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الخلاصة

In this paper, we seek to identify the most important modern books of the Imamate scholars in the fourth and fifth centuries AH, entitled "Amali" or "councils", in order to know the concept of Quranic revelation and its image and objectives, and what was the revelation, To highlight and categorize the narrations related to the revelation, as required by the plan of this research, and to review the opinions of the authors of those books, and to seek the opinions of those who were before and after the scholars. He also started by explaining the meaning of illiteracy, language and terminology, and a historical look at the most important and most important books of the Amalians in the fourth and fifth centuries AH, namely, Amali al-Shaykh al-Saduq (381), Amali al-Sheikh al-Mufid (d. 413) Tusi (460: e), and then demands, and ended the research conclusion of the main results of the study.


Article
Relations of the Prophet Muhammad with non-Arab people
علاقات النبي محمد () مع الاقوام غير العربية

المؤلفون: Aras Fareeq Zainal ئاراس فريق زينل
الصفحات: 2202-2214
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الخلاصة

The emergence of external relations between nations and nations since ancient times as a means of understanding and communication, in view of the need of societies, as the key to international relations in which interests overlap. After the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) settled in Madinah and the foundations of Islamic countries, in the course of its first five years, it resisted the military campaigns waged by the Quraysh on Islam, It is imperative that any country in the world deal with neighboring countries through foreign policy adopted by the leadership in those countries, and the diversity of external relations under the Prophet Muhammad on cooperation, good-neighborliness, exchange of delegations and signing of agreements, and the Prophet Muhammad as the supreme Islamic message It was necessary for him to surround what is going on around him in the neighboring countries. It is natural for the prophets to adopt the process of external communication in order to communicate the message, despite the weakness of the means of communication at the time. The process was not easy. The Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) first began to address the kings and heads Tribes, through his dispatch Delegations and dignitaries to tribes, nations and heads of state.


Article
The impact of an educational curriculum on the basis of sensory preferences in learning some basic skills For beginners volleyball
تأثير منهج تعليمي على وفق التفضيلات الحسية في تعلم بعض المهارات الأساسية لمبتدئي الكرة الطائرة

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الخلاصة

The aim of the research was to identify the nature of the sensory preferences of volleyball beginners, as well as to recognize the effect of the curriculum on sensory preferences in learning some basic skills of volleyball beginners, as well as to identify the preference of sensory preferences in learning these skills. The research sample was selected for the Erbil Sports Volleyball Club. The sample of 24 players was randomly divided into three equal groups of 8 players per group. (80%) of the original community of (29) players, and the researchers used the appropriate tools, tools and devices, after which the tribal tests were conducted on the members of the research sample and then implementation of the vocabulary of the curriculum After the results were collected and processed statistically and then presented, analyzed and discussed, the researchers reached several conclusions, the most important of which is the educational curriculum according to the virtues. Sensitive kinetic effect is evident in In these conclusions, the two researchers recommended the need to emphasize the adoption of sensory preferences (visual, auditory, motor) in learning some basic skills of volleyball. For beginners volleyball.


Article
Translation and application of the fatigue scale model (Piper et al) Theory among students of Qadisiyah University
ترجمة وتطبيق مقياس الإرهاق وفق الأنموذج النظري لـ (Piper et al) لدى طلبة جامعة القادسية

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الخلاصة

The current research aims at translating the fatigue scale built according to Piper et al. 2. Identification of fatigue among students of Qadisiyah University. 3. The length of time that the students of Qadisiya University feel tired. 4. Identification of fatigue according to its areas (gender, specialization, school stage). The study sample consisted of (400) male and female students from the University of Qadisiya University for the academic year 2017-2018. They were randomly selected from scientific and humanities. The fatigue scale was translated from the University of MarianUniversity to the researcher Fondulac (2009) and the veracity of the translation and analysis was extracted. The results were translated into Arabic, reduced fatigue among university students, and university students felt tired for a period of hours within a few hours (41.8%). Fatigue in all four areas. Recommendations: The need to benefit from the experiences of universities in the developed world in order to serve the educational process, and to build a safe and secure academic community.. ProposalsCarrying out exhaustion studies on a sample of university professors or preparatory stage teachers..


Article
The impact of special endurance exercises in the accuracy of the performance of the correction and carry it to young basketball players
تأثير تدريبات التحمل الخاص في دقة أداء التصويب وتحمله للاعبين الشباب بكرة السلة

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الخلاصة

The aim of the research was to identify the impact of the accuracy of the performance of the correction and carry it to young players basketball, and this research was conducted on a sample of young players in the club Hilla sports (10) players were divided into two equal groups, one experimental and the other five units of a group of (5) (4) players from Al-Hilla Sports Club as well as from outside the sample of the basic research with the use of tools and aids in the search. The tribal tests were carried out on a number of players. (24) units per unit is (90) minutes, and after the completion of the implementation of the training units, conducted post-tests, and then processing the results of the search using the appropriate statistical means, and the researchers went out The experimental group, which used special endurance exercises, achieved significant differences between the tribal and remote tests in all the special tolerance characteristics (tolerance, tolerance, speed and accuracy of performance) in the basketball. In light of these conclusions, The special endurance that was applied during the implementation of the training curriculum in the training of levels corresponding to the level of the research sample, with the need for the trainers of the teams (especially the youth teams) to develop the special endurance and its basic components (tolerance, speed and performance) to meet the new physical,.


Article
The method of detail in Arabic and the Holy Quran
أسلوب التفصيل في العربية والقرآن الكريم

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الخلاصة

The person who has done what is in the text is a statement of its meaning, and its purpose is to be clarified. And Arabic language statement, and modesty. And when the text is concerned with regard to the first image, and clarity of the mechanisms of existence. And the Arab provided so little Amuri in the electronic quorum of the Middle East. - The means of showing the pulse in all its forms and detail and is clear in detail in many issues, including what was in the letters that precede the graphs. To the names on the basis of detail. I have seen that I put it in the first section: the detail of the letters, so I gathered in it the details of the letter such as: (mother), and (or) and similar to their meaning. And secondly: detailing the names, such as detail in terms of class, allowance, discrimination, and the like. And the mournful performance of this sorrow is everywhere. The research concluded with the results of the research.


Article
The existential psychological trend of the character in the theatrical discourse Iraq
الاتجاه النفسي الوجودي للشخصية في الخطاب المسرحي العراق

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الخلاصة

The character is considered as the basic and central element around which the data of the search for truth, reality and knowledge, which are produced by the experience in the fields of psychology and theater, are intertwined so that one can rely on the other without separation of the meaning of man and its relation to existence or what exists in existence and its impact on human personality. Personality of the play is the personality of the creator of its creator or the same means that the relationship is essentially psychological and not so other theories were taken in line with specific areas converge and contrast in the direction of each direction. The existence of existentialism as one of these trends, which was typical of the experimental movements and spread according to its means globally, and there is no doubt that the Iraqi theater is part of the system that will be influenced by this trend on the assumption, and here came the question of the problem of research (what the existential psychological direction of the character in the Iraqi theater discourse) (2005 - 2015) and spatial and objective after the researcher identified his goal to (know the existential psychological direction of the character in the speech of the Iraqi theater) and the contents of the first chapter (of the study divided into four chapters) the importance of research and the need to discuss terminology to determine the procedural definitions of vocabulary The second chapter, which included (the theoretical framework), came in two sections. The first is to discuss the personality according to the existential psychological trend represented by his (Kierkegaard) and the Sartre model. The second is to examine the psychological concepts in the light of the Syriac and theatrical theology, To the most important indicators that resulted from the theoretical framework.


Article
Titles of Arab Dialects in the Qur'anic Readings
ألقابُ اللهجاتِ العربيةِ في القراءآتِ القرآنيةِ

المؤلفون: Alaa Naji Al-Mula علاء نـــاجي المـــولى
الصفحات: 2296-2304
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الخلاصة

Qura'nic readings are important resources to find out the difference among the Arab tribes' dialects particularly if the reader was known for the accurate receiving. One may ask a question: - what is the reason of this difference in the reading of the holy Qur'an which had been revealed to one prophet with the letters spoken by all nation? The answer is that different tribes had believed in prophet Mohammed (P.U.H) and became Muslims; they were using different names for one thing and the some different utterance for certain letters, when they came to read Qur'an they discovered the relative difference among them, so the prophet of mercy instructed those tribes to read Qur'an each with its own dialect, hence this was the reason of the different Qur'anic readings. The research results could be summarized as following: - First: - the titles of the Arab dialects are divided into three parts(a)- some we can find in Qur'anic readings and read by famous readers.(b)- some could be represented by a sentence or referred to but the researcher could not find even a hint for it and there is no Qur'anic example for it(c)- some could not be represented by a sentence as there is no examples or readings for it.


Article
The Social Life of Woman in Anatolia (1839_1908)
الحياة الاجتماعية للمرأة في الأناضول (1839 – 1908م)

المؤلفون: Eman Ghanim Shareef إيمان غانم شريف
الصفحات: 2305-2315
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الخلاصة

İn general, the Ottoman woman had no significant role to be mentioned in public life and her limits were only within the home. This affected greatly her role in public life as it became very limited. It didn’t remain the same because of what the Ottoman Empire had passed through historial changes, influences and developments, which allowed woman to claim her public and private rights such as learning, social freedom, freedom of speech and even politics. Her efforts had continued untill she gained these rights alsa played a role till she was able to gain her rights. 1839 was the date of the declaration of the organaizations in the Ottoman Empire under the reign of Sultan Abdul Majeed as the Ottoman Empire had affected by the updating and changes that took place in the European countries and reflected on the Ottoman Empire including the social life. Since the woman was a part of the society,she had to be influenced by this period. This was considered the basis for the change that the women experienced in the future. Aftar the declara tion of the organization, the re were significant historical stations in the Ottoman Empire, including the declaration of the First Condition 1876 in the time of Sultan Abdul Hameed II and the secend 1908, on which the study stepped.


Article
Forgiveness in the seconds is unforgivable in the early concept and mysticism
يغتفر في الثواني ما لا يغتفر في الأوائل المفهوم والمصاديق

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الخلاصة

Praise be to God, the owner of the king, arrived to God on the good of your creation, Muhammad al-Manji of the destruction, and on his family and companions who reflected their lights injustice injustice, but after: There is no doubt that the Arab scientists have efforts that no one denies. They studied Arabic thoroughly and thoroughly, and they made rules, judgments and principles according to the most common and steady, after they took it from the mouths of its Arab people. However, there are grammatical phenomena that still need to be revealed, studied, searched and explored. Some of these phenomena have brought to my attention that it is permissible in seconds to do what is not permissible in the first, or in other words, the ablution in the ablution is unforgivable in the ablution; It is not permissible for the respondent to respond, and since I followed this phenomenon in its madhhab, I found sporadic references to it, and I saw that it is a study material, so I searched the question of what is forgiven in the second and unforgivable in the first and the Arabic. And I do not claim that I have investigated all that has been said The issues of this phenomenon in the grammatical heritage, but addressed to a number of them I see the purpose of the purpose that came for this research is to demonstrate this linguistic phenomenon, and arranged these issues on the basis of abundance and few, and God is the guardian of success is my account and the blessings of the Prophet and yes.


Article
The relationship of power to the concepts of truth and freedom in the Constitution of the Republic of Iraq in 2005
علاقة السلطة بمفهومي الحق والحرية في دستور جمهورية العراق عام 2005

المؤلفون: Leqaa Mahdi Salman لقاء مهدي سلمان
الصفحات: 2327-2334
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الخلاصة

Fundamental rights and freedoms، and recognized constitutionally and legislation of the basics of human existence، which is indispensable to exist in all circumstances، without which life becomes impossible، so the democratic countries seek to ensure and protect the existing reality that the right and freedom are expressions synonymous and synonymous، both are due to one nature، The possibility of exercising the activity of the constitution stipulated by the Constitution is free of any kind. The best proof is that contemporary jurisprudence and constitutions، such as the Iraqi constitution، have used the term "public rights and freedoms" as synonyms، and did not distinguish between what is considered a right and what is considered freedom. Determine the nature of the relationship between the right and freedom، and their relationship to power as one of the factors affecting them but both of.


Article
The verses of jihad sound study
آيات الجهاد دراسة صوتية

المؤلفون: Thabet Rehman Fnikh Amiri ثابت رحمن فنيخ العامري
الصفحات: 2335-2344
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الخلاصة

The linguistic voices of the subjects that took place in the field of linguistic studies because of their importance and impact in the significance of the meaning by the word and speech, and the best speech and complete is the word of God Almighty, there is no doubt that the voices employed in this integrated text and since the jihad concepts that The text of the Holy Quran and its interest in a variety of blessed verses came in the research tagged (verses of jihad audio study) an attempt to indicate the significance of the sounds and some phenomena such as sound and tone in these verses, and the extent of the association of these voices and related phenomena in the position of verses that ensure The study plan was based on two topics: the first part included the lexical definition of the jihad, the statement of the characteristics of the voices, their relation to the meaning of meaning, and the vocal suggestion in the verses of jihad. The second topic was the phenomenon of algebra and toning, Verses of jihad, and ended the research concluded with the most important results produced by the research, and the index of sources and references.

الكلمات الدلالية

verses --- jihad --- sound --- toning --- آيات، الجهاد، الصوت، التنغيم.


Article
The poles of the government are a comparative study in the state and some specialties (Iraq and Lebanon model(
اقطاب الحكومة دراسة مقارنة في الولاية وبعض الاختصاصات (العراق ولبنان انموذجاً)

المؤلفون: Leqaa Mahdi Salman لقاء مهدي سلمان
الصفحات: 2345-2367
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الخلاصة

The government has a system inspired by the parliamentary system. The head of state has a government with broad constitutional powers that enables it to formulate the general policy of the state and conduct its affairs. The government is accountable to parliament. The powers of the president and the prime minister differ according to the constitution of each state. The state is the dominant power of the executive branch. It is defined by the constitution. It considers the president of the republic to be the commander-in-chief of the armed forces. He has the power to appoint ministers or to conclude international conventions and treaties. He also has legislative powers. It is for the authority, which is to prevail in the formulation of the general policy of the state as the responsible in front of parliament.


Article
Night Terror for Elementary Stage Pupils and Its Relationship With Some Variables.
الفزع الليلي لدى تلامذة المرحلة الابتدائية وعلاقته ببعض المتغيرات

المؤلفون: Zainab Ali Hadi زينب علي هادي
الصفحات: 2368-2409
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الخلاصة

Night Terror is a sleep disorder that can have a negative effect that extends to many aspects of a child's life, accompanied by high excitability and abnormal behaviors that can harm the child and can even extend to the child's surroundings. These effects may occur during a seizure. The aim of this research is to identify the level of Night Terror in the primary school students and to identify the differences of statistical significance in the level of panic according to the sex variables (males, females) and the primary stage. (27) items were answered by the family of the child, and after the extraction of the psychometric characteristics of the scale was applied to (576) students and students were chosen by random class of students in the first four grades in primary school in Baghdad / schools of education Karkh II and Rusafa (288) males and (288) females between the ages of (6-10) years. After the analysis of the results were statistically diagnosed (121) students and students suffering from Night Terror ,The results showed that there were statistically significant differences in night panic between males and females and males. There were also significant differences between the study samples according to the school stage. so, the researcher made a number of recommendations and suggestions.


Article
The extent to which quality assurance standards are applied in postgraduate subjects in the Faculty of Education and Basic Education at Mustansiriya University
مدى تطبيق معايير ضمان الجودة في موضوعات الدراسات العليا في كليتي التربية والتربية الاساسية بالجامعة المستنصرية

المؤلفون: Muntaha Abdul-Zahra Muhsin منتهى عبد الزهرة
الصفحات: 2401-2420
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الخلاصة

The problem of research lies in the need to adopt the concept of quality assurance and the implementation of its standards in educational institutions to determine the expectations of the society and beneficiaries of educational institutions. Also, the objective of this paper is to work to adapt and follow-up the activities of the institution and comparing them with the global levels and adapt to the appropriate technical and socio-economic variables to the graduates market work. The paper also aims at spreading the culture of quality to all employees in the institution by using scientific methods to develop educational resources, curricula and techniques of education and adopt the concept of error, any proper performance without mistakes of the first time, which reduces loss and reduces the cost of education. The importance of such studies is being one of the basic pillars of our educational institutions to respond to the needs and requirements of development and promotion according to quality and diversity, and enhances the performance of universities to the standards of quality assurance according to international standards, and also subject to theoretical concepts of the concept of standards quality assurance topics and higher studies. The research aims at identifying the extent to which quality assurance standards are applied in the subjects of postgraduate studies in the Colleges of Education and Basic Education. Mustansiriya University. The study is limited to (1.261) teachers who worked in the Departments of the Basic Education Colleges at Mustansiriya University for the academic year (2017 / 2018). The researcher identified a set of terms related to the research and displayed the literature related to the topic of research. A sample of 200 individuals which is 20% of the research community was collected. The researcher constructed a research tool by looking at the literature and previous studies, as well as the open question. The validity and stability of the instrument was performed. finally, the researcher developed a set of conclusions, recommendations and proposals for research.


Article
The Influence of Platonism and Aristotelian Philosophy in Al-Kindi and Al-Farabi Ideological Trends
أثر الفلسفة الافلاطونية والارسطية في اتجاهات الكندي والفارابي الفكرية

المؤلفون: Ali Raouf Jaber علي رؤوف جبر
الصفحات: 2421-2433
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الخلاصة

The continuous research carried out by Greece in the question of the universe and its origin has led to a clear transformation in the framework of human thought. The human mind has begun to leave illusions and superstitions and look at the universe from a new window, the window of philosophy, through which it attempts to interpret the mysteries of the universe by observation and inference. The Greeks are looking at things directly as they try to search for the first substance behind natural phenomena and so they began to change the process of thinking from the concrete to the absolute (abstract). It was preceded by intellectual platforms that had prior contact, directly and indirectly, influenced Greek thought, such as the idea of water being created, and that God and Nature were one thing. Both Thales and Hunksmender, who represented the Ionian school and first advocated the interpretation of existence from natural science The Greek philosophers, despite their contacts with civilizations prior to their civilization, such as the civilizations of Iraq and Egypt, developed their intellectual and scientific capabilities in their research and philosophical interpretations by adopting the Research and experience.

جدول المحتويات السنة: المجلد: العدد: