Table of content

Engineering and Technology Journal

مجلة الهندسة والتكنولوجيا

ISSN: 16816900 24120758
Publisher: University of Technology
Faculty: Presidency of the university or centers
Language: Arabic and English

This journal is Open Access

About

The Journal aims to disseminate knowledge in the fields of Engineering, Technology and Sciences .All the researches will submit to the scientific evaluation procedures of publishing and documentation. The journal under takes only the publishing of the new researches that had not been published previously on other journals or debated in conferences.

The Instructions of Submitting The Research to Scientific Evaluation:
a- The research should be Submitted in 4 copies in Arabic or English Languages, auther's name should be eliminated from 2 copies only. The abstract should be typed on the front page not exceeding (150 words) in both Arabic and English on size (A4) sheet. Pages should be numbered and not more than (15) page.
b- The researcher should fill a declaration form which states that he doesn't publish the research during the evaluation period. He must give his full address phone number and e-mail.

Firstly- The author should pay a fee of (ID55000) when he submits the research and a fee of (ID55000) when the research is accepted .These fees are obligatory for all. The sum cannot be reimbursed in any case.
Secondly- The annual subscription in the journal inside Iraq is ID250000) Iraqi dinar, and outside Iraq is (us $250) abroad.
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Engineering and Technology Journal
Publication Ethics
The publication of science and technology include thorough, methodical and complete processes by publishers and editors which have to be handled efficiently and proficiently. To sustain high ethical values of publication, publishers attempt to work intimately at all times with editors, authors, and peer-reviewers. The ethics statement for the Engineering & Technology Journal is based on those issued by the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) Code of Conduct guidelines available at www.publicationethics.org. The basic publishing ethics involved in the publishing process can be summarized as follows:

Reviewers’ Responsibilities
The responsibilities of the reviewers can be identified as:
• To provide a detailed, effective, and unbiased evaluation in promptly on the scientific content of the work.
• To indicate whether the writing is relevant, brief and clear and evaluating the originality and scientific accuracy of the submitted paper.
• To maintain the confidentiality of the complete review process.
• To inform the journal editor about any financial or personal conflict of interest and reject to review the manuscript when a possibility of such a conflict exists.
• To inform the journal editor of any ethical concerns in their evaluation of submitted manuscripts; such as any violation of ethical treatment of animal or human subjects or any considerable similarity between the previously published article and any reviewed manuscript.

Authors’ Responsibilities
The responsibilities of the authors can be described as:
• To assure that all the work reported in the manuscript must be original and free from any plagiarism.
• To make confident that the submitted work should not have been published elsewhere or submitted to any other journal(s) at the same time.
• To explicitly acknowledge any potential conflict of interest.
• The author(s) must give proper acknowledgments to other work reported (individual/company/institution). Permission must be obtained from any content used from other sources.
• It is important to note that only those who have made any substantial contribution to the interpretation or composition of the submitted work should be listed as ‘Authors’. On the other hand, other contributors should be mentioned as ‘co-authors’.

Publishers’ Responsibilities
The responsibilities of the Engineering & Technology Journal can be defined as:
• Engineering & Technology Journal is committed to working with journal editors, defining clearly their relevant roles, in order to ensure appropriate decisions regarding publication procedures and maintaining the transparency of editorial decisions.
• Engineering & Technology Journal guarantees the integrity autonomy and originality of each published article concerning:
o publication and research funding
o publication ethics and integrity
o conflicts of interest
o confidentiality
o authorship
o article modifications
o timely release of content.
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ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY JOURNAL
Scientific Refereed Journal Issued by University of Technology, IRAQ
COPYRIGHT AGREEMENT

The following assignment of copyright, executed and signed by the Author, is required with each manuscript submission. If the article is a “work made for hire”, the employer must sign it. The Author warrants that he/she has full power to make this agreement on behalf of himself and all his co-authors.
To the extent transferable, copyright in and of the undersigned, Author’s article titled:
************************************************************************by: *************************************************Reference ID: ******* submitted to the Engineering and Technology Journal is hereby assigned for publication.
In consideration of the acceptance of the Article for publication, the Author assigns to the Journal with full title guarantee, all copyrights, rights in the nature of copyright, and all other intellectual property rights in the Article throughout the world (present and future, and including all renewals, extensions, revivals, restorations and accrued rights of action).
The Author represents that he is the author and proprietor of this Article and that this Article has not heretofore been published in any form. The Author warrants that he has obtained written permission and paid all fees for use of any literary or illustration material for which rights are held by others. The Author agrees to hold the Editor(s)/Publisher harmless against any suit, demand, claim or recovery, finally sustained, by reason of any violation of proprietary right or copyright, or any unlawful matter contained in this article:



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Contact info

جمهورية العراق –بغداد
الجامعة التكنولوجية- مجلة الهندسة والتكنولوجيا- ص.ب. 35010
Email: etj@uotechnology.edu.iq
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Journal website:
http://uotechnology.edu.iq/tec_magaz/EN/index.htm
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Republic of Iraq, Baghdad
University of Technology, Engineering & Technology Journal.
P.O.Box.35010
Email: etj@uotechnology.edu.iq

Email: uot_magaz@yahoo.com
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Google Scholar Citations:
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https://scholar.google.com/citations?user=w1aCAoMAAAAJ&hl=en

Table of content: 2018 volume:36 issue:2 Part (B) Engineering

Article
Corrosions inhibitions of milds steelsin hydrochloricsacid solutionsby an isatinaniline compound

Authors: Khalida.F. Al-Azawi
Pages: 98-103
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Abstract

Recently the researchers go to the eco-friendly corrosion inhibitors. In the present investigation, isatin which found in many plants, Isatis tinctoria, Calanthe discolor and Couroupita guianensis has been used as corrosion inhibitor. An isatin-aniline compound, namely ethyl 4-amino-N-(3-isatinyl) benzoate (AIB), was successfully synthesized in high yield and its inhibition impact on corrosion of MS (mild steel) in hydrochloric acid as corrosive solution was examined via weight loss and Scanning electron microscope techniques. The results acquired appeared that AIB has employ perfect as a corrosion inhibitor at low concentrations towards mild steel in HCl bath. The impact of temperature on the corrosion behavior of MS in corrosive bath with presence of (250) ppm of AIB has been investigated in the range of temperatures (303-333) K. The thermodynamic parameters for inhibiting process were investigated to find out the mechanism of corrosion inhibition of MS acid bath.


Article
The Influence of Immersion in Different Chemical Solutions on the Mechanical and Physical properties of (Epoxy/Styrene-Butadiene Rubber) Blend Reinforced with Nano Copper Oxide

Authors: Rana M. Salih
Pages: 104-109
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Abstract

The aim of this work was to evaluate some mechanical and physical properties of a composite material which consists of (epoxy/styrene-butadiene rubber) blend as a matrix, reinforced with copper oxide (CuO) with a weight fraction 3%, and the composite material was manufactured by hand lay-up. The optimum mixing ratio was (75:25) % of epoxy and (SBR) was chosen to accomplish the work due to its highest impact strength (2.1KJ/m2 ). The tests that were performed on the material were: tensile test, impact test, thermal conductivity test, and the absorption test, in addition to the microscopic imaging using scanning electron microscope (SEM), to determine the surface morphology of the specimens. Sodium hydroxide (NaOH) and hydrochloric acid (HCl), both (0.1) normal concentration solutions, were used for the immersion. The results showed that CuO nanofiller improved tensile and impact properties of the blend, besides increasing resistance to diffusion of chemicals into the material. The results showed that the immersion in HCl solution increased the impact strength of the composite from (2.27KJ/m2 ) to (3.38KJ/m2 ), and also increased the tensile strength from (9.2MPa) to (9.8 MPa), while immersion in NaOH solution decreased the tensile strength to (7.3MPa), but increased the impact strength to (2.42KJ/m2 ). Thermal conductivity was (0.21W/m.°C) before immersion in solutions, but changed to (0.27W/m.°C) and (0.24W/m.°C) after immersion in HCl and NaOH respectively. The weight gain after immersion in NaOH was higher than weight gain after immersion in HCl.


Article
Intrusion Detection System Based on Data Mining Techniques to Reduce False Alarm Rate

Authors: Sarah M. Shareef --- Soukaena H. Hashim
Pages: 110-119
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Abstract

Nowadays, Security of network traffic is becoming a major issue of computer network system according to the huge development of internet. Intrusion detection system has been used for discovering intrusion and to maintain the security information from attacks. In this paper, produced two levels of mining algorithms to construct Network Intrusion Detection System (NIDS) and to reduce false alarm rate, in the first level Naïve Bayes algorithm is used to classify abnormal activity into the main four attack types from normal behavior. In the second level ID3 decision tree algorithm is used to classify four attack types into (22) children of attacks from normal behavior. To evaluate the performance of the two proposed algorithms by using kdd99 dataset intrusion detection system and the evaluation metric accuracy, precision, DR, F-measure. The experimental results prove that the proposal system done high detection rates (DR) of 99 % and reduce false positives (FP) of 0 % for different types of network intrusions


Article
The Approximate Solution of the Fornberg-Whitham Equation by a SemiAnalytical Iterative Technique

Authors: Sinan H. Abd Almjeed
Pages: 120-123
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Abstract

In this work, two semi-analytical methods are introduced in order to handle the solution of the Fornberg-Whitham equation. The first one method has been proposed by Temimi and Ansari, namely the TAM. The second method is the Banach contraction method which is briefly called the BCM. Both methods do not require using any additional assumptions. Our calculations are distinguished by an efficiency and rapidity of obtaining the results, in comparison with the previous studies for solving the same problem.


Article
Studying the Effect of Annealing Temperature on some Physical Properties of In2O3 Thin Films

Authors: Duaa A. Mohammed --- Muslim F. Jawad
Pages: 124-127
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Abstract

In this study, In2O3 thin films were deposited on quartz substrates by pulsed laser deposition technique at room temperature and followed by thermally annealing at 300℃, 400℃ and 500℃ for 1 hour. The optical band gap was found to increase with the annealing temperature from 3.5 to 3.85 eV and the transmittance was observed above 90%. XRD results show that the films are polycrystalline in nature and crystallizes with preferred orientation (222). SEM images show that the films are high homogenous and they contained uniformly distributed small grains.


Article
The Growth Characteristics of RF-Magnetron Sputtered Nanocrystalline TiO2 Thin Films

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Abstract

In this paper, RF Magnetron sputtered TiO2 thin films deposited on glass slices at various powers (75,100,125 and 150) Watt for (1.5) hour and different thickness (62.5-88-118 and 132.6) nm, the TiO2 thin films annealed with 400°C for 2 hour and the morphology and structure of these films are described by X-ray diffraction XRD and atomic force microscopy AFM to show the phase structure. X-ray diffraction investigation uncovered that the crystalline size of the TiO2 thin films displays an expanding pattern with increasing the sputtering power. The preferred orientation of (101) was watched for the films deposited with sputtering power of (75,100,125 and 150) Watt


Article
Easy and New Chemical Synthesis of Stable Nano Sliver using Propylene Glycol and Glycerin as Reducing Agents

Authors: Abdulah A. Mohammed --- Sarab T. Mahmood
Pages: 131-135
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Abstract

In this present work we have synthesized stable silver nanoparticles (Ag-NPs) by chemical reduction with aqueous solutions of silver nitrate (i) propylene glycol (ii) glycerin as reducing agents and guar gum as a stabilizer. The reaction were done at room temperature and at pH=8. Systematic characterizations of the Ag-NPs were done using UV-Vis, zeta potential analysis, X-Ray diffraction (XRD), AFM and SEM which reveal stable Ag-NPs. These measurements indicate that the particles are mostly spherical in shape. The UV-Vis spectra of the result solution of AgNPs show an absorption peak at 412 nm and 424 nm for using propylene glycol and for using glycerin respectively. These color occurring due to Surface Plasmon Resonance (SPR). The SEM measurements gave a particle size of 40 -70 nm. Nano silver showed stability for long periods of time to more than nine months, and this can be an economical and effective way for wide scale synthesis of Ag-NPs which applicable for various medical therapies.


Article
Hydraulic Parameters of Groundwater Aquifers in Khan-Al-Baghdadi Area

Authors: Hussein I. Al-Sudani
Pages: 136-146
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Abstract

The mainly objective of groundwater studies is assessment the physical characterizations of water-bearing layers. Conducting and analyzing aquifer tests is one of the most efficient ways to assessment these characterizations. The aim of this research is to carry out hydrogeological investigation in Khan AlBaghdadi area within Anbar Governorate in the west of Iraq to evaluate hydraulic properties of the most important groundwater aquifers in order to achieve optimum use of groundwater in term of sustainable water management by using Cooper-Jacob and Theis Recovery Test methods to calculate transmissivity and storage coefficient after field investigation of aquifers extended in the area where geographical position, elevations, static water levels, depths, thicknesses and maximum yields were carried out. The results showed that Khan Al-Baghdadi area has only confined aquifer within the geological formation extended in area. The average transmissivity and storage coefficient parameters, which calculated using two wells, drilled in the area were (33.966-1171) m2 /day and (2.2*10-4 - 2.07*10-2 ) respectively, dependent on cooper-Jacob and Theis recovery solutions. Transmissivity distribution contour map showed increased values towards southwest part of the area while gradually decreased values was recorded in the eastern and southeast part of the area.


Article
Levels of Lead and Chromium Ions in Different Brands of Lipstick Sold at Local Markets in Iraq

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Abstract

Lead and Chromium ion samples of five commercial samples of each of twenty brands of lipstick sold at locally markets in Iraq were determined by atomic absorption spectrophotometer. Samples of digested Lipstick were used, acid digestion method using acids HCl: HNO3 in ratio 1:3 were used before analysis. Average for analyzed samples were Pb, 0.10-4.85 ppm; Cr, 0.18-5.2 ppm. Samples No.9 and No.4 showed the least concentrations of Pb and Cr respectively. These values are not expected to be toxic to humans. However, exposure over long periods might cause accumulation of the elements in the body and even at low concentration; some metals could initiate allergic reactions.

Keywords

Samplesof Lipsticks --- Pb --- Cr and AAS


Article
Evaluation of purified urease activity from Proteus mirabilis using iron oxide nanoparticles and measurement of urea concentration in blood

Authors: Hadeel H. Dawud --- Entesar H. Ali
Pages: 152-155
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Abstract

The activity of urease purified from Proteus mirabilis bacteria was estimated using gamma iron oxide nanoparticles (γ-Fe2O3) which were obtained as standard in size (20- 40)nm, purity 99%. The enzyme activity was estimated by incubating the pure enzyme with various concentrations of nanoparticles ranged between (1- 6) μg/ml. The results indicates a decrease in enzymatic activity with increasing of nanoparticles concentration. After that, the concentration of blood urea was measured using urease obtained from a standard kit, urease purified from Proteus mirabilis and the urease- gamma iron nanoparticles solution. The comparison was then made among the results of urea concentrations by statistical analysis using T-test. The results showed that there is no significant difference between the results obtained from urease standard kit and urease purified from the bacteria, this is due to the efficiency of urease purified from the bacteria. On the other hand, the results showed that there is a significant difference (P≤ 0.01) in urea concentrations obtained from urease- gamma iron oxide nanoparticles solution due to the inhibition of the enzyme which lost its activity by nanoparticles.


Article
Optical Characterizations of RF-Magnetron Sputtered Nanocrystalline TiO2 Thin Film

Authors: Azhar K. Sadkhan
Pages: 156-159
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Abstract

TiO2 nanocrystalline thin films are widely used as antireflection coating in solar cell, in this paper, RF magnetron sputtering technique is used to prepare TiO2 thin film on glass substrates, TiO2 thin films deposited under different powers (75,100,125 and 150) Watt for (1.5) hour resulted in different layer thickness (62.5,88,118 and 132.6) nm respectively. The optical properties examined by UV-VIS spectroscopy. TiO2 thin films exhibit a high transparency in the region from about 350 nm above, we suggest that these results indicate the most suitable growing conditions for obtaining high quality sputtered TiO2 thin films with higher transparence performance for solar cell application. the optical absorbance coefficient for all films were genuinely high esteems coming to above 104 cm-1 , which implies that there is allowed direct transitions, the energy gab reach to the typical value of the bulk TiO2 (3.5) eV


Article
A Proposed Alzheimer's Disease Diagnosing System Based on Clustering and Segmentation Techniques

Authors: Sarah J. Mohammed
Pages: 160-165
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Abstract

lzheimer's-disease (AD) is one of the prevalent diseases that afflict the elderly. The medical field defines Alzheimer is the destruction of brain cells so that the person loses knowledge and perception, afflict both sexes and is called dementia. The medical field often suffers from accurate diagnosis and detection of the disease in the early stages. This paper presents a diagnostic approach of Alzheimer based on K-mean clustering algorithm with Markov random field segmentation on Magnetic Reasoning Images (MRI) to build software able to help the medical staff identifying and diagnosis the disease. The experimental result shows that 91% accuracy is achieved, which demonstrate the system's reliability in the medical diagnostic environment

Table of content: volume:36 issue:2 Part (B) Engineering