جدول المحتويات

مجلة جامعة كربلاء

ISSN: 18130410
الجامعة: جامعة كربلاء
الكلية: رئاسة الجامعة او مراكز
اللغة: Arabic and English

This journal is Open Access

حول المجلة

أن مجلة رئاسة الجامعة هي مجلة علمية محكمة تصدر بشكل فصلي لأغراض الترقيات العلمية وهي مجلة علمية رصينة في مختلف الاختصاصات تأسست في عام 2003 حاصلة على الترميز الدولي ISSN-1813-0410 تستقبل المجلة بما يقارب 500 بحث في السنة وعليه يبلغ عدد البحوث المنشورة بما يقارب 300 بحث منشور في السنة وبما يقارب 200 بحث قيد النشر وتخضع البحوث المقدمة للتقويم العلمي من قبل أساتذة اختصاصين وتنشر البحوث باللغتين العربية والانكليزية اما أعمال المجلة هي :-

1- استقبال البحوث الخاصة بالسادة التدريسيين الراغبين بنشرها في المجلة .
2- عرضها على السادة المقيمين .
3- تزويد الباحثين بكتاب قبول نشر بعد حصول الموافقة على النشر .
4- تنضيد البحوث وفق السياق الخاص بالمجلة والمرفق نسخة منه طياً .
5- استنساخ العدد الخاص بالمجلة بمعدل 50 نسخة لكل مجلد (علمي عربي + علمي انكليزي + انساني )

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معلومات الاتصال

phone Number :07814214835
E_mail :Journal@uokerbala.edu.iq

جدول المحتويات السنة: 2009 المجلد: 7 العدد: 1

Article
The effect of Age & Sex on some serum electrolytes levels in patients with cardiovascular disease

المؤلفون: أرجوان عبد الجبار رضا
الصفحات: 1-6
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الخلاصة

Serum electrolytes are considered one of the important markers for cardiovascular risk. Electrolyte abnormalities have been demonstrated to have an impact on the risk for Cardiovascular outcomes with onset and time of administration .Electrolyte balance has been regarded as an important factor to cardiovascular stability. Forty five events of myocardial infarction were collected from intensive care unite in AL-Husaini Hospital , they are classified into three age groups, A (30-45) , B (45-60), C(above 60). The aim of the present study is finding the influence of age & sex including the above groups on the levels of serum calcium , phosphorus , potassium and sodium within the maximum normal ranges in those patients, the study discussed the single effect of sex on that levels , results showed there were no any significant difference for sex on them (p>0.05) , and for the single age effect , there were significant differences (p≤0.01), while for calcium and potassium in the third age group (above 60) for both sexes comparing to the other younger age groups . Mainly, the study included the duple effect for age with sex on the studied parameters , and the results showed that there were no significant differences for serum sodium and phosphorus among all age groups (p>0.05) , but there were significant differences (p≤0.05) for calcium levels by the same magnitude in both sexes in the oldest age group(above 60 ) comparing to the younger age group (30-45)..Significant differences had been seen also (p≤0.05) for high normal levels for serum potassium in females with the oldest age group (above 60) comparing with the other age groups including the present study.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
المناظرات اللغوية في مجالس العلماء للزجاجي (ت 340 هـ) مفهومها وأسباب نشوئها ومميزاتها المنهجية

المؤلفون: مؤيد جاسم محمد حسين
الصفحات: 1-10
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الخلاصة

The Linguistic Debates in the Courts Of Scholars by Abi Al – Qassim Abdul – Rahman Bin Al Zajaji (430 A.H.) A research where the notion of debate is studied and what bases it relies on and what prestige the scholars of debate were committed to. The research studied as well the reasons that were conductive to the emergence of linguistic debates and the most eminent methodological aspects.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Structural and Linguistic Analysis of SMS Text Messages

المؤلفون: Muayyad Omran Chiad
الصفحات: 1-13
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الخلاصة

The most obvious way in which the communicative behavior has changed is reflected in virtual environments with its different modes of communication.These new modes provide a rich testing ground for theories of language change.In accordance with all the other media, the Mobile technology,in particular SMS,has brought along its own language and culture.The language of the SMS is asynchronous,a single-channel,text-based,technologically mediated discourse.It reflects the unpredictable, unrestricted new communication technology and it evolves at an incredible speed.The following study hopes to provide an understanding of SMS English by analysing interactions in these texts as constituting another form of Computer-Mediated Discourse.The analysis tackles such topics as speech acts, humor ,the dichotomy of speech and writing in relation to SMS texts,and orthography.Based on more than 164 texts messages collected from the Internet and Personal correspondences,the study finds out that correspondents of SMS create new language to suit the restrictions of the media.Expressive speech acts comprise the majority among other acts because personal opinions and emotional state are conveyed in text messages intended mainly to build social relations.Humor is significant in SMS texts messages used as an attempt from correspondents to achieve relational goals.They use the established norms of writing and speaking discourse, in addition to a non-standard orthography.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
The effect of Age & Sex on some serum electrolytes levels in patients with cardiovascular disease

المؤلفون: أرجوان عبد الجبار رضا
الصفحات: 1-6
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الخلاصة

Serum electrolytes are considered one of the important markers for cardiovascular risk. Electrolyte abnormalities have been demonstrated to have an impact on the risk for Cardiovascular outcomes with onset and time of administration .Electrolyte balance has been regarded as an important factor to cardiovascular stability. Forty five events of myocardial infarction were collected from intensive care unite in AL-Husaini Hospital , they are classified into three age groups, A (30-45) , B (45-60), C(above 60). The aim of the present study is finding the influence of age & sex including the above groups on the levels of serum calcium , phosphorus , potassium and sodium within the maximum normal ranges in those patients, the study discussed the single effect of sex on that levels , results showed there were no any significant difference for sex on them (p>0.05) , and for the single age effect , there were significant differences (p≤0.01), while for calcium and potassium in the third age group (above 60) for both sexes comparing to the other younger age groups . Mainly, the study included the duple effect for age with sex on the studied parameters , and the results showed that there were no significant differences for serum sodium and phosphorus among all age groups (p>0.05) , but there were significant differences (p≤0.05) for calcium levels by the same magnitude in both sexes in the oldest age group(above 60 ) comparing to the younger age group (30-45)..Significant differences had been seen also (p≤0.05) for high normal levels for serum potassium in females with the oldest age group (above 60) comparing with the other age groups including the present study.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
تأثير محلول الليكول المخفف والأوكسي تتراسايكلين في علاج حالات تكرار الصراف ( مع التأكيد على التهاب بطانة الرحم ) خلال الفترة المفتوحة على نسبة الخصوبة في الأبقار

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الخلاصة

This study examined (30) fresien cows about (3-6) years of age as Individual cases. Which had reproductive problems (retained placenta, metritis) and breeder more than three services during open period (120) days. Cows divided into three groups,(10)cows every one,1st group exposure for treatment by oxy tetracycline antibiotic(oxy) (20%),(10 ml,2 gm/cow I/m) and (50 ml,1gm/cow I/U) of diluted solution oxy tetracycline(DL-oxy) to (1000ml) with condition as first step after examination, after than at the 1st time of next heat , cows treated by(10) ml , oxy , I/M and (25) ML , 0.2gm/cow ( DL-oxy) , I/U after 1-2hr of service). 2nd group exposure for diluted lugol’s solution (1%) , (50 ml,0.5gm/cow, IU) and (25 ml, 0.25gm/cow IU) like 1st group rout. 3rd group (control) and exposure massage during clinical examination only. Repeated route of treatment during next heating period and services due to results.We conclusion from this study, the illness cow can returned for it’s fertility when we visited and treated it , where the results explained that pregnant ratio 100% from two services for logul’s solution and three services for antibiotic treatment, than 50% for control

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
تأثير محلول الليكول المخفف والأوكسي تتراسايكلين في علاج حالات تكرار الصراف ( مع التأكيد على التهاب بطانة الرحم ) خلال الفترة المفتوحة على نسبة الخصوبة في الأبقار

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الخلاصة

This study examined (30) fresien cows about (3-6) years of age as Individual cases. Which had reproductive problems (retained placenta, metritis) and breeder more than three services during open period (120) days. Cows divided into three groups,(10)cows every one,1st group exposure for treatment by oxy tetracycline antibiotic(oxy) (20%),(10 ml,2 gm/cow I/m) and (50 ml,1gm/cow I/U) of diluted solution oxy tetracycline(DL-oxy) to (1000ml) with condition as first step after examination, after than at the 1st time of next heat , cows treated by(10) ml , oxy , I/M and (25) ML , 0.2gm/cow ( DL-oxy) , I/U after 1-2hr of service). 2nd group exposure for diluted lugol’s solution (1%) , (50 ml,0.5gm/cow, IU) and (25 ml, 0.25gm/cow IU) like 1st group rout. 3rd group (control) and exposure massage during clinical examination only. Repeated route of treatment during next heating period and services due to results.We conclusion from this study, the illness cow can returned for it’s fertility when we visited and treated it , where the results explained that pregnant ratio 100% from two services for logul’s solution and three services for antibiotic treatment, than 50% for control.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
A new function of Aminophylline as antidermatophytic agent

المؤلفون: Ali Abdul Hussain S. AL-Janabi
الصفحات: 7-15
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الخلاصة

Aminophylline (theophylline derivative) is an important drug compound which is generally used to treat bronchoconstriction diseases for a long period of times. Dermatophytoses is the most common disease on human skin caused by many species of dermatophytes. Aminophylline was tested against three species with two variants of Trichophyton (one genus of dermatophytes) using two methods. Those species were Trichophyton mentagrophytes var. mentagrophytes, Trichophyton mentagrophytes var.interdigitale, Trichophyton rubrum and Trichophyton simii. Aminophylline was revealed a high activity against all species of dermatophytes at concentration of 5 mg/ml with a completely inhibited of colony growth on the bases of colony diameter and dry weight measurements. The efficiency of aminophylline to inhibit fungal growth was less than theophylline. Both of aminophylline and theophylline indicated no significant differences value (P<0.01) compared with griseofulvin (0.5 mg/ml). Minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) of aminophylline was also determined in this study. The MIC value of aminophylline against two species of dermatophytes was observed in 4 mg/ml.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
تأثير الملوحة والأصل في محتوى أوراق شتلات الكمثرى المطعمة على الأصل البذري من العناصر الغذائية

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الخلاصة

This experiment was carried out at the station of Horticulture and Forestry – Al-Mahaweel- Babil.During the period from 22-9-2006 till Oct .2007 to find out the effect of salinity and rootstock on growth and performance of young pear seedling, using seedling rootstock and Callareyana rootstock. RCBD with 3 replications was followed in afactorial experiment with two factors . Results emerged from this studies can be summarized as follow:- Soil salinity had a significant effect on leaf content of (N ,P and K). Minimum leaf content ( 1.35 ,0.06 and 0.50 % ) respectively was associated with the treatment where the soil salinity was ( 10 ds /m ) as compared with ( 2.70, 0.16 and 1.05 %) respectively with the treatment where soil salinity was(2ds /m) .Rootstock on the other hand had an noted impact on the above-mentioned parameter. The seedling rootstock , howere , resulted in means reached ( 2.16 ,0.10 and 0.81%) respectively whereas callarryna rootstock resulted in the lower values(2.04 , 0.09 and 0.73 % ) respectively .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
تأثير الملوحة والأصل في محتوى أوراق شتلات الكمثرى المطعمة على الأصل البذري من العناصر الغذائية

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الخلاصة

This experiment was carried out at the station of Horticulture and Forestry – Al-Mahaweel- Babil.During the period from 22-9-2006 till Oct .2007 to find out the effect of salinity and rootstock on growth and performance of young pear seedling, using seedling rootstock and Callareyana rootstock. RCBD with 3 replications was followed in afactorial experiment with two factors . Results emerged from this studies can be summarized as follow:- Soil salinity had a significant effect on leaf content of (N ,P and K). Minimum leaf content ( 1.35 ,0.06 and 0.50 % ) respectively was associated with the treatment where the soil salinity was ( 10 ds /m ) as compared with ( 2.70, 0.16 and 1.05 %) respectively with the treatment where soil salinity was(2ds /m) .Rootstock on the other hand had an noted impact on the above-mentioned parameter. The seedling rootstock , howere , resulted in means reached ( 2.16 ,0.10 and 0.81%) respectively whereas callarryna rootstock resulted in the lower values(2.04 , 0.09 and 0.73 % ) respectively .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
دراسة في ديوان ( أعشاش الملائكة) للشاعر جاسم الصحيّح قصيدة ( رحلة في جرح الحسين) نموذجاً

المؤلفون: سها صاحب القريشي
الصفحات: 11-22
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الخلاصة

The saudain poet ( Jasim Al Sahaeh) illustrates a distinguished poetic voice that has its presence in the Arabic literature arena . this poetic voice is brought to light through his many published books of poetry and the prizes he has got . his poetic language and his objectives and his wonderful works . one of the most prominent aspects of his poetry is his fluent loyalty to the prophet and his house this appears in the elegizing and praise and commendation , for this reason , he deserves to be presented to the ideological and literary arena through an academic study as he is concerned an approach towards the one Arab nation

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
تأثير المستخلص الما ئي لطحين فول الصويا في بعض الصفات الفيزيائية والكيمياوية والبكتيرية للحم افخاذ الدجاج المخزونة في التبريد

المؤلفون: سعدية موسى الجميلي
الصفحات: 11-15
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الخلاصة

The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficiency of water extract of soybean flower (WESBF ) as antioxidant material and study their effect on some physical , chemical and bacterial changes on leg chicken meat stored in colling for 5 days . Slice of leg meat after fat removed were treated with different concentrations of water extract soybean flower ( WESBF ) ( 5 , 10 , 15 and 20 % ) treated samples were stored after recoating for 5 days .The result indicated that treated chicken meat with different concentrations of WESBF 5 , 10 , 15 and 20 % reduced TBA value to 3.27 , 3.9 , 2.56 and 2.5 mg ,MDA/Kg meat respectively after 5n days storages as compared with control ( 7.44 mg, MDA/Kg meat ) . The results indicated increase in moisture content , protein and ash and fat % was reduced for those treated with in ESBF as compared with control . as a result of this treatment the reduction in water was shown during cooking . Also it was showed that the rediction in total nitrogen and number of total bacterial as result of treatment with WESBF . This can be increased the ability stored for 7 days

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
The Grammatical Categories of Literary Prose Texts: A Study in Corpus Linguistics

المؤلفون: Chassib Fanukh Abbas Al-Jubouri
الصفحات: 14-27
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الخلاصة

This study is one in corpus linguistics. It examines the frequency of the grammatical categories used in six prose texts .This aspect is studied through the variables of prose text type and writer's sex. The model used to analyze the corpus is adapted with modification from Ball (1993) and Burrows (1993). The study proves that the text type and the writer's sex, in addition to the text theme determine the grammatical category used. Thus, it accepts its alternative hypothesis.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
The Study Of Relation ship Between The Maturation Abnormalities Of Placenta And Late lntra uterine Fetal Death
دراسة العلاقة بين النمو غير الطبيعي للمشيمة وموت الاجنة المتآخر داخل الرحم

المؤلفون: Muntdher M.Kanny --- Hadeel K.Mohamed --- Abdul Ameer Oda Ismail
الصفحات: 16-22
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الخلاصة

This study was done on 60 pregnant women that have case intra uterine fetal death in kerbala city. We determined the placental abnormalities that lead to intra uterine fetal death through histopathological sections. The resulting shown six groups of cases with defective placental maturation .The first group of cases shown absence of syncytio-vascular membrane formation and the second group shown immaturity and hydropic degeneration of chorionic villi. The third group shownchronic villitis and the fourth shown fibrin depositions and loss of vessels in the villous stroma of placenta .The fifth group shown foetal thrombotic lesions which consist of large groups of vascular fibrotic villi as the result of vessel thrombosis .The last group shown umbilical cord abnormal coiling (over coiling) or under coiling . These groups of cases represent the most important causes of late intra utrine fetal death.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
The Study Of Relation ship Between The Maturation Abnormalities Of Placenta And Late lntra uterine Fetal Death
دراسة العلاقة بين النمو غير الطبيعي للمشيمة وموت الاجنة المتآخر داخل الرحم

المؤلفون: Abdul Ameer Oda Ismail --- Hadeel K.Mohamed --- Muntdher M.Kanny
الصفحات: 16-22
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الخلاصة

This study was done on 60 pregnant women that have case intra uterine fetal death in kerbala city. We determined the placental abnormalities that lead to intra uterine fetal death through histopathological sections. The resulting shown six groups of cases with defective placental maturation .The first group of cases shown absence of syncytio-vascular membrane formation and the second group shown immaturity and hydropic degeneration of chorionic villi. The third group shownchronic villitis and the fourth shown fibrin depositions and loss of vessels in the villous stroma of placenta .The fifth group shown foetal thrombotic lesions which consist of large groups of vascular fibrotic villi as the result of vessel thrombosis .The last group shown umbilical cord abnormal coiling (over coiling) or under coiling . These groups of cases represent the most important causes of late intra utrine fetal death.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
دور بنزوات الصوديوم في تحسين القابلية الخزنية لثمار السدر صنف التفاحي

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الخلاصة

Jujube fruits were treated with sodium benzoate on concentrations of 0.06%,0.12% (w/v) in addition to control treatment packed in cardboard boxes (1 kg. wt.) and stored at 5±2º c for five weeks . Results showed that treated fruits with the concentration of 0.12% led to decrease in the decay percentage of fruits ,loss in total soluble solid , total sugars .General features of treated fruits with sodium benzoate(0.12% ) after five weeks of storage was better in outer appearance and good in test as compared with other fruits.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Improvement of Durability of Reed in Cement Media
تحسين ديمومة القصب في الوسط السمنتي

المؤلفون: عادل محمود عبد اللطيف
الصفحات: 21-28
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الخلاصة

It is well-known that the durability of vegetable fibres, such as reed , in concrete media is very low because of high PH value of concrete.The improvement of the durability of reed in concrete media is investagated. Many coatings( namely epoxy paint,SBR,PVD, and liquid mastic) were used as wll as many types of salts ( soduim chloride,soduim sulfates and soduim nitrite).It is concluded that epoxy paint is the best coating in this respect. Soduim chloride is the best salt. It is,also, reported that no one of these measures is sufficiently effective in improvement of the durability of reed in concrete media.It seems that using reed with gysum plaster is more practical.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Improvement of Durability of Reed in Cement Media
تحسين ديمومة القصب في الوسط السمنتي

المؤلفون: عادل محمود عبد اللطيف
الصفحات: 21-28
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الخلاصة

It is well-known that the durability of vegetable fibres, such as reed , in concrete media is very low because of high PH value of concrete.The improvement of the durability of reed in concrete media is investagated. Many coatings( namely epoxy paint,SBR,PVD, and liquid mastic) were used as wll as many types of salts ( soduim chloride,soduim sulfates and soduim nitrite).It is concluded that epoxy paint is the best coating in this respect. Soduim chloride is the best salt. It is,also, reported that no one of these measures is sufficiently effective in improvement of the durability of reed in concrete media.It seems that using reed with gysum plaster is more prac

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
فكرة عقد المفاوضة

المؤلفون: عبد الله عبد الأمير طه الشمري
الصفحات: 23-29
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الخلاصة

لا شك في أهمية المفاوضات العقدية وما تلعبه من دور في تكوين العقد النهائي, إذ أن التطور التقني وما أفرزه من تأثيرات قانونية مهمة, أبرز وبصورة جلية أهمية المفاوضات التي تسبق إبرام العقد, بوصفها مرحلة توفق بين آراء المتفاوضين المتعارضة, وتوحد بينها على نحو محدد, لاسيما في العقود ذات الأهمية الاقتصادية المهمة كعقود نقل التكنولوجيا . ونحن في هذا المقام سنتناول جانب قانوني حديث ومهم من جوانب المفاوضات العقدية ألا وهو عقد المفاوضة إذ يتفق الطرفان ابتداءً على الدخول في مفاوضات تسبق إبرام العقد لمناقشة شروطه وتحديد صورته النهائية وذلك قبل إبرام العقد النهائي .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Approximation algorithms for minimizing the total weighted earliness on machines scheduling

المؤلفون: Hussam A. Mohammed
الصفحات: 23-33
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الخلاصة

Minimizing the total weighted earliness is not well-studied objective in scheduling theory, which is very little understood from the point of view of approximation algorithms. In an attempt to make progress, we study the approximability of minimum total weighted earliness with a modified objective which includes an additive the total weighted completion time. This ensures the existence of a positive lower bound for the minimum value. Moreover the new objective has a natural interpretation in Just-In-Time production systems. Keyword: Scheduling, Weighted Earliness, Approximation

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
استعمال الكلايفوسيت والدلابون لمكافحة الادغال المعمرة في العراق

المؤلفون: هاشم ربيع لذيذ
الصفحات: 29-35
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الخلاصة

Control of johnsongrass ,Bermudagrass and Hairy – nodegrass by Glyphosate [N-(Phosphono methyl) glycine] and Delapon [2-2 dichloro proponic acid] in different concentrations ,time of application and their interaction ,were studied in the experimental field of college of Agriculture/ Abu-Ghuraib during the period between 1/4/2001 to 1/12/2002.to eliminate weeds like Johnsongrass ( Sorghum halepense L), Bermuda grass (Cynodon dactylon L.) and Hairy- nodegrass (Dicanthium annulatum). The results showed that there was asignificant diferences between treatments on grwoth of perennial weeds Thetreatment where glyphosate (1 kg a.i.e)/ ha plus dalpon (2 kg a.i.e) /ha was applied gave highest of weeds killing rates (94.7%,96.7%,98.3%) and ( 99.3%,100%,100%) after 2 and 4 months of third spray ,least weed dry weight (38),(23.5) ,(18.7) gm/m2 and the least number rate of new growthes (1),(0.7),(0.3), after 12 months of the first spray . It could be concluded that the application of mixed herbicides and seguency have different effects on weeds .The individual uses of the herbicides have less effects on weeds of other applications of Control treatments.

الكلمات الدلالية

Glyphosate --- Dalapon --- Johnsongrass --- Bermuda grass --- Hairy- nodegrass --- Active ingredent


Article
أثر استخدام الامثلة الايجابية والسلبية في اكتسا ب المفاهيم العلمية في مادة العلوم

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الخلاصة

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Inhibitory effects of Probiotic on growth and adhesion of some gram negative pathogenic bacteria

المؤلفون: Ziad M. Al-Khozai
الصفحات: 34-39
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الخلاصة

This work focused on three important human pathogens; Escherichia coli, Salmonella typhi and Klebsiella pneumonae. Results showed that there is several virulence factors in this bacteria such as capsule, enzymes, motility and fimbriae. Escherichia coli included fimbriae type I, II and III . Salmonella typhi contained only type II and III. While Klebsiella pneumonae included type I and III. Probiotic preparations from Lactobacillus acidophilus appeared to affect the bacterial growth and adhesion. Bacterial growth was inhibited by using stock lactic acid bacteria filtrate and 50:50 diluted filtrate. Higher inhibition zones were recorded during the use of stock filtrate of the probiotic on the pathogenic bacterial isolates. Bacterial adhesion to epithelial cells was inhibited also by using the probiotic. In the case of Escherichia coli, the adhesion was reduced from 59-61 to 24-21 and 33-30 bacterium/cell by using the stock and diluted probiotic respectively. In the case of Salmonella typhi reduction of bacterial adherence was also observed from 55-53 to 11-13 and 16-14bacterium/cell by using the stock and diluted probiotic respectively. While in the case of Klebsiella pneumonae from 44-46 to 8-9 and 14-10 bacterium/cell by using the stock and diluted probiotic respectively. This results explained that the bacterial adhesion is a crucial step in the colonization and pathogenesis of bacteria, which can be inhibited by using probiotic preparations.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
تأثير عدد السيقان وتغطية التربة في نمو وحاصل الطماطة Lycoperscon esculantum Mill صنف " نيوتن " المزروعة في البيوت البلاستيكية

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الخلاصة

An experiment was conducted during winter season of 2006 - 2007 in unheated plastic house at College of Agriculture – Basrah University . The objective of the experiment was to study the effect of stem numbers/plant(one and two.) and soil mulching (with or without black polyethylene). Randomized Complete Block Design was used with three replicates . Duncan's, Multiple Range Test was used at probability of 0.05 to compare mean variations . Results can be summarized as follows:- Plants growth with two stems gave significant increases in total leaf number/plant, fresh and dry weights of vegetative growth, flower number/inflorescence , flower number/plant and inflorescence number/plant ,early and total plant yields, production of plastic house and yield /donum, while plant grown with one stem gave significant increase in plant height.The soil mulching gave a significant increases in total leaf number/plant, fresh and dry weight of vegetative growth, flower number/inflorescence , flower number/plant , inflorescence number/plant and early plant yield. Whereas, soil mulching was not significantly influenced plant height, total yield /plant, total production of plastic house and donum production.Interaction between plant training and soil mulching gave a significant effects on all studied parameters. Key word: Tomato , Training, Mulching, Yield

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Article
تأثير عدد السيقان وتغطية التربة في نمو وحاصل الطماطة Lycoperscon esculantum Mill صنف " نيوتن " المزروعة في البيوت البلاستيكية

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الخلاصة

An experiment was conducted during winter season of 2006 - 2007 in unheated plastic house at College of Agriculture – Basrah University . The objective of the experiment was to study the effect of stem numbers/plant(one and two.) and soil mulching (with or without black polyethylene). Randomized Complete Block Design was used with three replicates . Duncan's, Multiple Range Test was used at probability of 0.05 to compare mean variations . Results can be summarized as follows:- Plants growth with two stems gave significant increases in total leaf number/plant, fresh and dry weights of vegetative growth, flower number/inflorescence , flower number/plant and inflorescence number/plant ,early and total plant yields, production of plastic house and yield /donum, while plant grown with one stem gave significant increase in plant height.The soil mulching gave a significant increases in total leaf number/plant, fresh and dry weight of vegetative growth, flower number/inflorescence , flower number/plant , inflorescence number/plant and early plant yield. Whereas, soil mulching was not significantly influenced plant height, total yield /plant, total production of plastic house and donum production.Interaction between plant training and soil mulching gave a significant effects on all studied parameters. Key word: Tomato , Training, Mulching, Yield

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Article
الحماية الدولية للممتلكات الثقافية في القانون الدولي الإنساني

المؤلفون: صلاح جبيرالبصيصي --- محمد ثامر مخاط
الصفحات: 39-51
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Article
Noetherian Fuzzy Rings
حلقات ضبابية نوثيرينية

المؤلفون: Areeg T. Abou –Dareb
الصفحات: 40-46
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الخلاصة

In this paper ,we have introduced the concept of Noetherian fuzzy rings as a generalization of the Noetherian rings .We have given several basic properties and theorems about this concept .

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Article
التأثير المشترك للجبرلين (GA3) والحرارة في نسبة الإنبات وتطور نمو الرويشة والجذير في نوعي الداتورة Datura innoxia Linnو Datura metel Mill

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الخلاصة

An experiment was conducted to study the effect of GA3 at concentration of 0.0, 500, 750 and 1000 ppm for germination percentage; length of plumule and length of radical, for two Datura species (Datura innoxia and Datura metel) that their seeds were sown in Petri dish that were covered inside by filter paper.Then, they watered by equal amount of GA3 concentration for 16th days.The experiment was adopted by (C.R.D) with three factors, concentration of GA3, temperature and plant species.Results showed that germination percentage for tested plant gave different response toward the GA3 concentration, temperature and the type of plant and the percentage of germination increase with increase the concentration of GA3 and the 750 ppm GA3 with 30 ºC gave superiority in seed germination compared with same concentration of GA3 in 20 ºC..Meanwhile, tested plants different significantly with temperature and the GA3 replaced the temperature for germination and length of emergence.

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Article
CORRELATION ENERGY OF THE (1s) 2 2s STATE OF THE Be+1AND B+2 IONS

المؤلفون: Mohammed Abdulhussain Al-Kaabi
الصفحات: 47-53
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الخلاصة

A configuration interaction method is used to calculate the correlation energy of (1s) 2 2s state for the Beryllium and Boron ions. The specific form of the configurations used for the systems studied here is linear combination of Slater determinants taken from Weiss with expansion lengths equal to (18). The difference between correlated energy and energy (correlation energy) was found to be (-0.01476 a.u) to Beryllium ion,(-0.00787a.u) to Boron ion. Our calculations were also made on the expectation values for the two above ions.

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Article
تأثير إضافة المعزز الحيوي( بروبايوتك العراق) في الأداء الإنتاجي لفروج اللحم

المؤلفون: علي عبد الحسين السوداني
الصفحات: 49-54
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الخلاصة

The experiment was conducted to investigate the effect of adding Iraqi probiotic to the broilers diet on the performance of broilers. the probiotic added at three levels 0, 3 and 6 gm kg ,using 225 day old chicks with three replicates 25 chicks randomly distributed each .The results showed that body weight were significantly increased (p<0.05) (2269.17, 2137.50 gm ( for 3 and 6 g per kg respectively compared with the control group 1951.67 gm . Mortality rate and feed conversion ratio were significantly decreased for2nd and third treatment compared with the control. There was significant improvement in production index . Adding 3 gm kg showed significant increase in feed consumption while there was no significant increase with 6 gm kg .

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Article
أحكام فضاء العقار في القانون المدني (دراسة مقارنة بالفقه الإسلامي)

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Article
EFFECT Of SOME AMINO ACIDS, VITAMINS AND PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS ON MAINTENANCE AND LENGTH OF PLANTLETS DERIVED FROM IN VITRO CULTURE OF DATE PALM (Phoenix dactyliferaL.).CV.Barhee

المؤلفون: Kadem Ibrahem Abbas --- Ahmed Abdulla Saad
الصفحات: 54-59
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الخلاصة

An experiment was conducted at Date Palm tissue culture laboratory-Date Palm Research Center-Basrah University to study the effect of some amino acids, vitamins and plant growth regulators on maintenance and length of plantlets derived from tissue culture of date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.)cv. Barhee. The obtained results showed that, MS medium that contained a combinations of amino acids (100mg/L glutamine,25mg/l proline,25mg/L asparagine and 50mg/L arginine) and vitamins at (2,2,3,1 and 1,2,2,2mg/L) from biotin, pyridoxine, c-Pantothenate and riboflavin in the presence 0.5 mg/L IBA and 0.4 mg/L BA was the best combinations in the maintenance and Length of date palms plantlets. The 3rd and 4th amino acids treatments whth2nd and3rd combination of vitamins in MS medium contains IBA+BA steadily increased the plantlets Length compared with other treatments. In addition, it was noticed that 1st and 2nd treatments of amino acids, gave the lowest values in plantlets Length in MS medium free of growth regulators regardless the combinations of vitamins. The plantlets were grown up best without circumvolution in MS medium supplemented with growth regulators, and ready to be taken for laboratory acclimatizing process.

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Article
EFFECT Of SOME AMINO ACIDS, VITAMINS AND PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS ON MAINTENANCE AND LENGTH OF PLANTLETS DERIVED FROM IN VITRO CULTURE OF DATE PALM (Phoenix dactyliferaL.).CV.Barhee

المؤلفون: Ahmed Abdulla Saad --- Kadem Ibrahem Abbas
الصفحات: 54-59
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الخلاصة

An experiment was conducted at Date Palm tissue culture laboratory-Date Palm Research Center-Basrah University to study the effect of some amino acids, vitamins and plant growth regulators on maintenance and length of plantlets derived from tissue culture of date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.)cv. Barhee. The obtained results showed that, MS medium that contained a combinations of amino acids (100mg/L glutamine,25mg/l proline,25mg/L asparagine and 50mg/L arginine) and vitamins at (2,2,3,1 and 1,2,2,2mg/L) from biotin, pyridoxine, c-Pantothenate and riboflavin in the presence 0.5 mg/L IBA and 0.4 mg/L BA was the best combinations in the maintenance and Length of date palms plantlets. The 3rd and 4th amino acids treatments whth2nd and3rd combination of vitamins in MS medium contains IBA+BA steadily increased the plantlets Length compared with other treatments. In addition, it was noticed that 1st and 2nd treatments of amino acids, gave the lowest values in plantlets Length in MS medium free of growth regulators regardless the combinations of vitamins. The plantlets were grown up best without circumvolution in MS medium supplemented with growth regulators, and ready to be taken for laboratory acclimatizing process.

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Article
دراسة نسيجية – وظيفية لكبد وكلى الجرذان المعاملة بجرع مختلفة من كبريتات الصوديوم

المؤلفون: عبدالهادي صلال محمد --- لينا أديب مهدي
الصفحات: 55-62
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الخلاصة

The present study was carried out for determine the toxification effected to sodium Sulfate in liver and kidneys albino rats.The expermintal animals were divided randomly into three groups,each group included(20)animals.the first group administrated sodium sulfate for(30)days at concentration (25)body weight,while the second group injected with sodium sulfate at concentratio(50)milligram/kilogram,while the third group(control group)injected with normal saline at the same prrieod,and the injection was every (48)hours.and the injection was tntraparitonial. The present study reveald: 1_A significant decrease(P<0.05)in the total body weight and in the organs weight at concentration (25) milligram/kilogram of sodium sulfate. 2_A significant increase in the total body weight,liver and kidneys((P<0.05)at concentration (50) milligram/kilogram of sodium sulfate. 3_The histological changes for treated with sodium sulfate at concentration (50) milligram /kilogram was harder than in liver and the medulla of kidney comparison with cortex.dilation in sunsoides of the liver and hypertrophy,conjestion of central vein,as well as degeneration and necrosis of hepatocytes.while the cortex of kidney treated with sodium sulfate at concentration (50) milligram/kilogram was lower than in medulla,graduated from conjestion in arteries and veins of kidneys,degeneration and necrosis in hepatocytes that coverd the distal and proximal tubules.and the histological changes was necrosis in cells coverd the tubuled of urine and dilation of kidneys artery and hemorrihage in medulla.

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Article
A STUDY OF NATURAL HEAT TRANSFER FROM HORIZONTAL AND INCLINED CYLINDERS

المؤلفون: HADI KATHUM KHUTHAIR
الصفحات: 60-69
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الخلاصة

Heat transfer by free convection occurs at any temperature differences. This mode of heat transfer was covered with thousands of researches to find the relations that related between the heat transfer coefficient and the parameters affected the heat transfer by natural convection. This paper including the simple study of heat transfer by free convection from cylinders heated at constant heat flux exposited to the ambient air at low Grashof number (>3x105). Heated cylinders with a constant heat flux were fixed horizontally and with inclination angles with the horizontal until 45o. Results showed the relation between Nussult number and (Gr.Pr). Empirical relations between these numbers were obtained to calculate the heat transfer coefficient depending on the range of (Gr.Pr). It was also shown that the heat transfer coefficient was decreased with angle of inclination.

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Article
دراسة بعض المعايير الكيموحيوية لدى المدخنين المصابين بداء السكري في محافظة كربلاء

المؤلفون: رشا عبد الأمير جواد كاظم العبيدي
الصفحات: 63-67
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الخلاصة

This study included two samples ,exemplify the first group was experimental sample (60)men smokers diabetes mellitus infected ,the second group included (15)men non smokers and non diabetes mellitus usd as control sample.Tow groups were classified according to the age to three groups , the first Was(28-38)years, the second was (39-49)years,and third was (up on50)years. The results showed a significant increasing (P<0.05)in total sugar estimation ,cholesterol ,triglycerides ,low density lipoprotein and very low density lipoprotein in experimental sample compared with control ,also a significant decrease (P<0.05) in high density lipoprotein in experimental sample compared with control when some hematological examine were done.The present study noticed an increasing (P<0.05) in the level of total sugar , cholesterol ,triglycerides ,low density lipoprotein and very low density lipoprotein and decrease (P<0.05) ) in high density lipoprotein in the both third group age and two group age compared with group age.

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Article
التراضي الالكتروني دراسة مقارنة

المؤلفون: زياد طارق جاسم الراوي
الصفحات: 65-73
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Article
تأثير فيتامين E في مستوى الهرمونات الجنسية في دم الاكباش العواسية

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الخلاصة

This trail was conduced in Animal Farm , College of Veterinary Medicine , Baghdad University 1/ 7 to 10 / 8 / 2004 to study the effect of vitamin E on some sexual hormones level (Testosterone , LH, FSH ) in plasma blood , twelve Awassi rams aged one years old were divided into two equal groups randomly as followed : control group were not given vitamin E and other group was supplemented group were given 400 mg / animal – vitamin E . The results showed that giving vitamin E increased significantly (P<0.05) Testosterone and LH level hormone in plasma blood during 2,3,4 and 5weeks of experiment in supplemented group as compared to control group , otherwise there was no significant differences between control and supplemented group in the first week of experiment .The FSH level in plasma blood increased significantly (P<0.05) in supplemented group during 3,4 and 5 weeks of experiment as compared to control ; otherwise there was no significant differences in 1st and 2nd weeks of experiment . In general , Vitamin E 400 mg / Animal caused increased of sexual hormones level Testosterone , LH , FSH in Awassi ram’s plasma blood , Which increased reproductive prolificacy in farm animals

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Article
Preparation and Identification Complexes of Some Transition Metals with 4,4'-Bis(2-Hydroxy phenyl azo)- 3,3'-Dimethylbenzidine [BHADB] and Study of Itُs Biological Activity

المؤلفون: Ahmed Fadhil Kadhier --- Haitham Delol Hanoon --- Hussein Kadhem Abid Hussein
الصفحات: 70-79
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الخلاصة

This study included synthesis of ligand 4,4'-Bis(2-Hydroxy phenyl azo)- 3,3'-Dimethylbenzidine (BHADB), the ligand was prepared from reaction 3,3'-Dimethylbenzidine with 2-hydroxy phenol. Metal complexes of this ligand were prepared by reaction of transition metal chloride salt of Ni(II), Co(II) and Cu(II) with prepared ligand in ethanol. Characterization of the ligand and its complexes were investigated by FT-IR and UV-visible spectroscopy in addition to conductivity measurement. The molar ratio of ligand-metal were found to be (1:1) for Ni(II) complex and Co(II) complex, and (1:2) for Cu(II) complex.The spectral studies showed the geometry around the Ni(II) and Co(II) ions are distorted tetrahedral, the Cu(II) ion is octahedral.. Also includes, the study of biological effect for these complexes on four deferent pathogenic species: (Streptococcus faecalies, Staphylococcus aureus) , (Escherichia coli, Klebsiella peneumonia) the first and second species are Gram positive while the others are Gram negative (by using agar well diffusion method). Finally, it was found that these compounds show different activity of inhibition on the growth of the bacteria.

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Article
دراسة مدى دقائق ألفا وبيتا في الكادميوم النقي والمطعم ڊ ـ ( Te , Se , S )

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الخلاصة

IN THIS RESEARCHER, A THEORETICAL STUDY WAS APPLIED FOR THE SUBJECT OF NUCLEAR PARTICLES CROSSING THROUGH SEMICONDUCTOR MATERIALS WITH DIFFERENT VELOCITIES DEPENDING ON THE TYPE AND ENERGY OF THE RADIOACTIVE SOURCE USING THE BRANCH PROGRAM (ZRATIO) WHICH WAS WRITTEN THE MAIN PROGRAM IN FORTRAN LANGUAGE (77).THE RANG FOR CADMIUM HAS BEEN CALCULATED BY SEMIEMPRICAL FORMULA. IT HAS BEEN FOUND THAT DOPING WITH ELEMENTS FROM THE SIX GROUP ( S,Se, eT )OF THE PERIODICAL TABLE HAS REMARKABLE EFFECT ON THE EFFECTIVE RANGE OF ALPHA AND BETA PARTICLES. IT IS SHOWN THAT THE INCREASE OF PERCENTAGE WEIGHT ( 0.005, 0.05, 0.5 ) WT% OF EACH DOPANT ELEMENT CAUSES AN INCREASE OF THE EFFECTIVE RANGE FOR BOTH ALPHA AND BETA PARTICLES IN CADMIUM. ALSO, IT IS FOUND THAT THE RANGE OF ALPHA AND BETA PARTICLES INCREASES WITH THE INCREASE OF THEIR ENERGY.

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Article
المركز القانوني للمرشد البحري

المؤلفون: عقيل فاضل حمد الدهان
الصفحات: 74-81
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Article
Investigation of the Inhibitive Effect of Tobacco Leaves Extract on Corrosion of Alpha Brass in Acidic Solutions

المؤلفون: Ali Hubi Haleem
الصفحات: 80-91
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الخلاصة

This study was a trial to find an organic inhibitor that can to easily be prepared and applied , as well as non- toxic , cheep and available. In the present study an aqueous extract of tobacco leaves as corrosion inhibitor to protect α brass alloy in acid solutions (hydrochloric and nitric acid) at 1 M concentration, the inhibitor efficiency was evaluated using the weight loss method and microscopic test. Results obtained reveal that the extract of tobacco leaves plants at various concentration (0.5, 1.5, and 3) vol. % show significant corrosion inhibition during immersion of brass in acid solutions. The inhibition efficiency increased with increasing concentration of the inhibitor, but decrease with increase in exposure time. Inhibitor efficiency in 1M HCl and 1M HNO3 at ( 3%) concentration of inhibitor reached to 75.64% and 73.17% respectively. Microscopic examination test shows the clearness of the metals surface which is under the corrosion medium and which contains inhibitor, from any kind of corrosion that can be found on those surfaces, which are under mediums completely empty from inhibitor, and also shows the clearness of that protect layer on the surface. The data of corrosion rate show that the way of doing this organic inhibitor is adsorbing and the inhibitor molecules are adsorbed on the metal surface according to Langmuir adsorption isotherm.


Article
المتشابه والمحكم في القرآن الكريم (بحث في دلالة الألفاظ القرآنية)

المؤلفون: حسن عبد الغني الأسدي
الصفحات: 82-91
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Article
حساب الانتقالات المغناطيسية الثنائية القطب لنظائر Ba(A=130-136) الزوجية-الزوجية بدلالة مركبتي النظير العددي والاتجاهي باستخدام (IBM-1)

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الخلاصة

In the present work the calculations of magnetic dipole transitions in terms of isoscalar and isovector for one body and two bodies for even-even Ba(A=130-136) isotopes were determined using IBM-1. Our results confirmed the maximum values of and B(M1)for one body and two bodies in Ba=130,132 and 134 were at , , while for Ba-136 was found at , , , for isoscalar only. There is no B(M1) appeared due to forbidden magnetic dipole transitions between them.

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Article
التقييم الوراثي والمظهري لإنتاج الحليب الجزئي في ماشية الهولشتاين بوسط العراق

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الخلاصة

Statistical analysis was taken for 3660 , 3020 , 2735 and 2086 records which belong to partial milk yields in the production period of 60 , 120 , 180 and 270 days respectively, between 1997 to 2000 in AL-Nasar Dairy Cattle Station. This station contain a herd of Holstein cattle. General Linear Model within the SAS program was used to estimate fixed effects and to estimate variance component for random factors by using Restricted Maximum Likelihood (REML) for genetic parameters evaluation.Harvey program was also used to evaluate Best Linear Unbised Prediction (BLUP) for studied traits. Least – squares mean  SE for partial milk yields in 60 , 120 , 180 and 270 days were 1185.9  29.4 , 2311.0  26.0 , 3328.8  23.7 and 4559.3  21.6 kg respectively. Season and year of calving have a highly significant effect for all studied traits. And there are significant effect (p0.01) for parity in all triats studied.The highest milk yield in 60 , 120 , 180 and 270 days were 1151.8 , 2259.9 , 3247.5 and 4517.1 kg respectively in the 3 rd production season. The heritability estimates for the characters that mentioned before were 0.10 , 0.20 , 0.12 and 0.06 respectively. The highest value of the best linear unbiased prediction for sires for partial milk yield in 60 , 120, 180 and 270 days were 17.13 , 65.52 , 39.52 and 8.73 kg while the lowest were -16.52 , -42.90 , -58.44 and -10.29 kg respectively.

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Article
The Effect of Protective Coatings on Mirrors Reflectance of Nd-YAG Laser Resonator
طلاءات الحماية على انعكاسية مرايا أشعة ليزر النديميوم- ياك

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الخلاصة

Optical coatings of dielectric materials of MgF2 and SiO2 have been used to reduce the effect electric field intensity of pulsed laser radiation and atmospheric conditions (oxidization) on metallic coatings (Ag and Au). The spectral characteristic of the reflectance curve for the preparation specimen in the visible and infrared regions in the range (400-1200)m were studied. The effect of incident radiation of Nd-YAG laser has been studied and the value of threshold was determined and equal (10-16J/cm2). The prepared reflectors and mirrors were used in construction of Q-switched Nd-YAG laser and to obtained the output pulses laser with energy(10-100mJ) and pulsed duration (30 ns).

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Article
The Effect of Protective Coatings on Mirrors Reflectance of Nd-YAG Laser Resonator
طلاءات الحماية على انعكاسية مرايا أشعة ليزر النديميوم- ياك

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الخلاصة

Optical coatings of dielectric materials of MgF2 and SiO2 have been used to reduce the effect electric field intensity of pulsed laser radiation and atmospheric conditions (oxidization) on metallic coatings (Ag and Au). The spectral characteristic of the reflectance curve for the preparation specimen in the visible and infrared regions in the range (400-1200)m were studied. The effect of incident radiation of Nd-YAG laser has been studied and the value of threshold was determined and equal (10-16J/cm2). The prepared reflectors and mirrors were used in construction of Q-switched Nd-YAG laser and to obtained the output pulses laser with energy(10-100mJ) and pulsed duration (30 ns).

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Article
تحليل واقع الخصخصة في الاقتصاد العراقي

المؤلفون: خالد حيدر
الصفحات: 92-106
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Article
Spectrophotometric Determination of Trace Amounts of Copper (II) Using 5 - (phenyl azo) – 4,6 – dihydroxy -2- mercapto pyrimidine .

المؤلفون: Majed . J .Mohammed --- Hussain . J . Mohammed --- Raad . K . Al-Sabaag
الصفحات: 100-107
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الخلاصة

A new , simple , sensitive and rapid spectrophatometric method is proposed for the determination of trace amounts of copper (II) . The method is based on the formation of a 1 : 2 complex with 5- (phenyl azo) – 4,6 – dihydroxy -2- mercapto pyrimidine (PDMP) as a new reagent is developed . The complex has a maximum absorption at 490 nm and εmax of 0.85 × 104 L . mol-1 cm-1 . A linear correlation (0.2-3 μg /ml) was found between absorbance at λmax and concentration . The accuracy and reproducibility of the determination method for various known amounts of copper (II) were tested . The results obtained are both precise (RSD was better than 0.50%) and accurate (relative error was better than 0.21%) the effect of diverse ions on the determination of copper (II) to investigate the selectivity of the method were also studied . The stability constant of the product under optimized conditions and at room temperature was 1.43×1010 l.mole-1 The method was applied to the determination of Cu (II) ion in some standard practical samples . Key Words : 5- (phenyl azo) – 4 , 6 –dihydroxy -2- mercapt pyrimidine , Copper (II) determination , Spectrophotometry

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Article
التنبؤ بمكونات الحليب الرئيسة في ضوء تحليل صفات الخطوط الجلدية على المخطم لدى أبقار الهولشتاين

المؤلفون: نصر نوري الانباري
الصفحات: 100-111
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الخلاصة

At the Nasr Dairy Cattle Station, United Company for Animal Resources Ltd., Al-Soueira (50 km south of Baghdad), 70 Holstein cows were randomly picked out from the herd through 2007. The aim of this study was to recognize the dermatoglyphics on the muzzle, the photography and a special computer programs were used to analyse the dermatoglyphics, were Simple Arch, Fork, Enclosure, Islands , Short Ridges and Muzzle Width were recorded.A relationship prediction between dermatoglyphics and major milk contents (fat, protein, lactose) .The Statistical Analysis System program was used to study the estimation of regression coefficient. Regression coefficient of some productional and reproductional traits on dermatoglyphics, were important significantly (positive or negative). The linear equation estimates displayed a utmost importance for selection programs aiming at reducing and curtailing the dermatoglyphics parameters among dairy cows in early time.


Article
النحو في قراءة أبي السمّال العدوي

المؤلفون: عباس علي إسماعيل
الصفحات: 107-120
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الخلاصة

Abu al - Samal Al - adawi was Qa'nab ibn Hilal ibn Abi Qa'nab al Basri al –adawi,Some works that were written about him made errors about his nickname for they called him "Abi al - Samak. The information that reached us about him was very little and limited and was almost inadequate. The writer al - Thahubi was considered the best who wrote about him, for he mentioned information related with his life and was never mentioned before.He had a doctrine in reading the Quran. He did not follow other readers as abu Zaid al - Ansari narrated about him. They returned his method to the second calipha Omar ibn al Khatab. He lived during the period of brilliant names in the aspects of grammar and reading. He was well - aquainted with the frequent grammatical questions in his age. He died about 160 for al -hijra. His reading was identical with that of the public in prominent aspects as moulding, while the variation between them was in parsing.A quick glance in the two readings made clear to me that the variation was restricted in al Rafu' and al Nasb. I did not find for him Reading in al Kasr. There is only one word in Sura of al - Ahzab , read by Abu al Samal with al Kasr on the intention of Jazim, while it came with al Fath in the reading of most people.His variation in reading does not depend on the syntactical movements, nut his non confirming is represented in a prominent side in names, verbs and grammar words. The variation between both readings on two things: changing the method progressively and regressively and making what is a noun of the letter a verb.What includes in changing the verb in his reading some verbs in passive or active forms that differs from the reading of most people. This variation in reading led to three forms:confirming various words in the people's reading and sometimes by adding a further letters not included others writes

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Article
Modeling Computer Laboratories in University that Contains Eight Colleges by Using OPNET Software

المؤلفون: Ahmed Abdul Hadi Ahmed
الصفحات: 108-123
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الخلاصة

This paper presents the University Network Model with eight colleges, each college has a computer laboratory connected with each other, with university servers and also connected to the internet. The main applications that used in this model are web browsing by using Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP), file transfer (FTP), electronic mail (E-mail), Remote Login and finally Messenger. According to the time of scholastic year in the university, three types of user profiles are defined. They are Exam Time, Weekdays and Weekends. By applying these profiles to the university model and using some main statistical to collect results, the best use of the network will get. This means that maximum throughputs with minimum time response and delay. The statistical that used in this model are delay time (response time) and throughputs.The university network model is modeled and simulated by using OPNET MODELER software package and all the results are collected from this simulator.Keywords: computer laboratory, HTTP, FTP, E-mail, Remote Login, Messenger, OPNET Modeler.

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Article
تاثير اضافة صبغة الكلوروفيل على الصلادة وخواص التخميد للمطاط الطبيعي وحمايتها من اشعة UV

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الخلاصة

The aim of this research to use extracted natural pigments which extracted plants such as chlorophyll as plasticizer and stabilizer material by simple method. The sample of rubber was prepared with adding different percent from chlorophyll pigment(0-25)pphr to study the effect of this material on properties of natural rubber. When we added chlorophyll pigment we fined chlorophyll act as plasticizer that interact between rubber chains and decrease interaction molecular forces that decrease hardness (from 37.5 to 31.5) IRHD, resilience (from 77.64 to 73.66) % and damping time (from 57.79 to 45.96) sec. This mean that chlorophyll pigment is act as lubricant material to facility the moving of molecules chain one anther and act as stabilizer that protect rubber from UV light because it absorbed UV light and transform it to no a harmful heat .Therefore this work exits with a good replacement for synthetics plasticizers and stabilizers materials avoiding their toxicity and their highly cost.

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Article
تأثير اضافة نبات الكمون Cuminum cyminum على التوازن الجرثومي لأفراخ فروج اللحم

المؤلفون: ابتسام جواد علي
الصفحات: 118-121
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الخلاصة

This study was conducted to determine the effect of the addition of different percent levels of cumin ,added to a standard diet on the microbial balance by determine total bacterial count, coliform bactereria, lactobacilli bacteria and fungal content in different region crop, jujinum and cecum . One hundred fifty day old broiler (Arbor-Acre) were divided into groups of 50 birds each and randomly assigned to the three treatments groups each treatment has two replicates. Experimental were as follow: first treatment (control group) with no cumin, second treatment with 0.5%cumin and third treatment with 1%cumin to the standard diet for 6 weeks .The data showed that the two additives 0.5 %and 1% cumin cause significant decrease (p<0.o5) in total bacterial count, coliform bacteria and fungal count also cause significant increase (p < 0.05) in lactobacilli count in intestinal content of broiler chicken this lead to used cumin as antimicrobial balance in intestinal tract of broiler chicken.

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Article
الأخلاق الإسلامية وأثرها في توحيد صف المسلمين

المؤلفون: علاوي مزهر مزعل المسعودي
الصفحات: 121-130
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Article
تأثير كل من الفطرين Aspergillus niger و Rhizopus sp. في انبات ونمو بعض الانواع النباتية

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الخلاصة

Laboratory experiments were carried out to assess the effect of two genera of fungi namely Aspergillus niger and Rhizopus sp. on the germination and growth of seeds of three plant species ( i.e.Peas( Pisum sativum),Cow pea( Vigna sinensis),Kidney bean( Phaseolus vulgaris)) in addition to the control treatment . Plants seeds were grown in a petri dish contained Subouraud dextrose agar . Accompanied fungi were separately identified, germention per cent , coefficient of germination and speed of seeds were calculated . Radicle and plumule length were also recorded. Results revealed that , there was a similarity in isolated fungi from seeds of these plant species in the control treatment . Fusarium sp. Fungus appeared with Aspergillus niger . Chetomum sp. was isolated from peas and cow pea in presence of Rhizopus sp. Seeds of plant species were different in terms of germination per cent and germination speed coefficient where Rhizopus sp. gave the lowest values of the above mentioned parameters . There was an interaction between plant species and fungi on the previous characteristics . The presence of Rhizopus sp. lowered the radicle length . The presence of two fungi inhibited the length of the plumule compared with the control . There was a significant increase in the fresh and the dry weight due to the presence of Rhizopus sp. and as a result of accompanied fungi presence.

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Article
How to use Temimi Transformation for solving L.O.D.E without using any initial Conditions.

المؤلفون: Noor Ali Hussein
الصفحات: 124-128
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الخلاصة

Our aim is to apply Temimi transformations to solve linear ordinary differential equations(L.O.D.E) with variable coefficients without using any initial conditions

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Article
تحضير وتشخيص ليكاندين ومعقداتها الكلابية الحلقية مع ايونات (Co, Ni, Cu) (II)

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الخلاصة

This work is concerned with synthesis of two ligands from Schiff bases and its complexes with (Co, Ni, Cu) (II). First ligand: Hexan-2,5-di(2-hydroxy phenyl imine) (HHI). Second ligand: Phenyl-1,2-di(2-hydroxy phenyl imine) (PHI).The identifying of optimum conditions, mole ratio (ligand : metal) by using Job and mole ratio methods, all compounds with its complexes were characterized by using melting points and spectrophotometric methods (UV-visible), (FT.IR) spectra, from all the results observations we proposed geometrical structures for prepared complexes by dependent the same studies.

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Article
Oxidation of Ni – Al Electrodeposited Composite Coating of Inconel 600 Alloys

المؤلفون: Newal Mohammed --- Ali Hubi Haleem --- Jaleel Kareem Ahmed
الصفحات: 129-140
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الخلاصة

The oxidation behavior of nickel matrix/ aluminum particle composite coatings in air at (600-800°C) for 25 hrs. was studied. The composite coatings were applied to Inconel 600 alloy by the electrodeposition technique and heat treated under argon atmosphere for three hours at 800 °C prior to oxidation testing. During heat treatment, coating morphological development was found to occur by the exothermic reaction Ni +Al = NiAl. For all samples, weight gain kinetics was obtained from furnace exposure and the composition and morphology of the oxidation products were examined using XRD analysis and light optical microscopy. An outer Al2O3 layer was formed on the composite coating surface. At test temperatures such as 800 °C, the coatings benefits from a small grain size that enhances Al diffusion to the surface to form the protective alumina layer.


Article
التباين المكاني للصناعات الصغيرة في العراق لسنة 2005

المؤلفون: عدي فاضل عبد
الصفحات: 131-138
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الخلاصة

Industry is considered one of important human activities, which achieved across multiplying and connected stages, it contained arious techniques for get natural and human resources crediting, at last to build big base of industries led to increase or distribute in national income increasing, for inceasing welfare level of society The industry is divided accrding to its volume large, medium, small, at this research, we took the small industry only. Appearing the residential differences of production values, numbers of workers, number of industrial instiutions throughout the data classification operation which available from official statistic appearing on annual statistical set, which entering to quantity classification stage t obtain on maps appear the residential differences of phenomena above to out with reslt of residential differences image of that phenomena, the considered method create new industrial collections began from small industries to crew up and magnifying . the research appear that, the governorates which considered big urban centre in Iraq like Baghada, Basrah, Ninaa have the big role in small industries which ceedited the large number of residents wich represented and the chances materials which hae the considerable addition n economical policies led by political governments inside of goernorates, Missan- AL- Muthana –Biblion appear on opposite of that which have less value of studying phenomena that the smll industries have wide connection with laws which took by state and limits the nature of that industries and the range of wildness and continuity.

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Article
تحضير ودراسة مركبي الاميدازول آزو والبنزوثيازول آزو ومعقديهما مع السلينيوم طيفياً

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الخلاصة

This research is concerned with synthesis, chemical, biological identification of new compounds from imidazol and thiazol with their complexes with selenium ion by using (Uv-Visible), (I.R.) spectroscopy, melting point and optical microscope. This study involved effect of (DBAI), (BPA) and their complexes on Staphllococcus aurens bacteria and study of biological inhibition for these compounds.

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Article
شعر علي الفتَّال دراسة في أغراضه و لغته الشعرية

المؤلفون: خالد عباس السياب --- حسين عدنان الحسيني
الصفحات: 139-159
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Article
الأغراض البلاغية للنداء في القرآن الكريم

المؤلفون: سهيلة خطاف عبد الكريم
الصفحات: 140-152
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Article
Applied in Assignment Problem Solving

المؤلفون: Asia.M.AL-Zubidy --- Ashwan A. AL-Ali --- Dhmyaa A. AL-Nasrawy
الصفحات: 141-152
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الخلاصة

This paper attempts to implement survival of fittest by several selection strategies to solve the assignment problems through genetic algorithm . The assignment problem is basically the “N men- N tasks” problem where a single job can be assigned to only one person in such a way that the overall cost of assignment is minimized . Diversity has been measured of each generation and analyzed for a number of popular selection algorithms(Rolette Well Selection , Random Selection,and Tournament Selection with 4,8 size).Partial Matched Crossover(PMX) with mutation have been used with experiment crossover probability Pc = 1 and mutation probability Pm = 0.5 .

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Article
حساب الخصائص الحرارية لجزيئة SeI باستخدام طريقة PM3 شبه التجريبية

المؤلفون: نغم محي التميمي
الصفحات: 144-150
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الخلاصة

In the present work some thermodynamic properties for the linear (SeI) molecule , have been studied in the Mid IR-region using the semi-empirical PM3 method under equilibrium condition. Also using range temperature from 100K to 1000K to investigat for this thermal properties, which including liquid and gas phases .

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Article
العوامل المؤثرة على كفاءة الفلم الحساس الهولوكرافي

المؤلفون: خوله جميل طاهر
الصفحات: 151-155
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الخلاصة

Using silver halide which is mix of silver bromide AgBr and silver iodide AgI with gelatin to fabrication of Holographic sensitive film, using Nd-Yag laser, doubling frequency of wave length 532 nm and its powers of 20 mWatt.Also, the effect factors such as diffraction angel and laser power on the sensitive film efficiency have been studied, and the diffraction efficiency of 64% has been obtained.

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Article
Synthesis and spectral studies of 2,6-diformyl-4- methylphenolsemicarbazone ligand and their binuclear metal complexes

المؤلفون: Ashour Hamoad Dawood --- Mohamad J. Al-Jeboori
الصفحات: 153-162
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الخلاصة

A new binuclear complexes of Ni+2, Pd+2, Zn+2, Cd+2 and Hg+2 ions with [H3L] {where H3L= 4-Methyl-2,6-bis(formyl semicarbazone) phenol} type (N2O3). The ligand was prepared from reaction two equivalent of semicarbazide hydrochloride with 2,6-diformyl-p-cresol and then reacted with metal ions to form the title complexes. The precursor, ligand and complexes were characterized by {IR, UV-Vis, 1H, 13C, 1H-13C NMR and mass spectroscopy}, molar conductivity, atomic absorption, the microanalysis of elements (C.H.N) and chlore contain. The spectral studies showed the geometry around the Ni+2 and Pd+2 ions are square planar and the Zn+2, Cd+2 and Hg+2 ions are distorted tetrahedral

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Article
المقدمات الطللية في المعلقات - قراءة في البنية اللغوية والآثار النفسية

المؤلفون: رجاء عجيل
الصفحات: 153-160
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Article
دراسة تأثير مستخلص بذور نبات الحبة السوداء Nigella sativa في بعض البكتيريا المسببة لألتهاب المجاري البولية

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الخلاصة

This experiment was conducted to test in vitro the effect of active materials that extracted by cold water and Ethyl Alcohol for the blackish (Nigell sativa) on inhibition growth of the microorganism Escherichiacoli,staphylococcusaureus,Pseudomonas aureoginosa, Enterobacter, Proteus, klebsiella for its clinical importance due to the cause of neumerous disease. this experiment proved from the preliminary chemical (filteration) test that, the extracts of Nigell sativa contain Flavonids, alkaloids, thymoquinone and tannins. the experiment also showed that the highest inhibition effect against the growth of Enterobacter media with of inhibition diameter of (20)mm at the concentration of 200 mg/ml, while, the proteus was (6)mm

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Article
دراسة عن الإصابة بجرثومة البروسيلا Brucellosis في محافظة كربلاء المقدسة

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الخلاصة

This research has been done in holley Karbala governorate at year 2007 . Many areas have been chosen for surveillance of brucellosis . Blood samples were taken from people suspected to be infected with brucella . Rose Bengal test was applied on the blood samples and detected that (19) individuals were infected among the whole number of people in the study which was (610) .The infection distributed between rural and urban areas and between males and females and at different ages . The incidence in rural area was more than that in urban area. The males were more affected than females. The infection was mainly distributed among people whom in close contact with infected animals . Also it was found that Rose Bengal test has a good efficacy in primary diagnosis of brucellosis

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Article
Single machine scheduling to minimizing sum penalty number of late jobs subject to minimize the sum weight of completion time

المؤلفون: Qhassan A. Khtan --- Hanan A. Cheachan --- Hussam A. Mohammed
الصفحات: 163-173
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الخلاصة

This paper considers of scheduling ( ) jobs on single machine to minimize the sum penalty number of late jobs with minimum sum of weighted of completion time . To solve this lower bound and some dominance rule are derived and it is incorporated in a branch and bound (B&B) algorithm. We propose heuristic method to find near optimal solution. We also report on computational experience with the branch and bound. Also we develop compare and test different local search method (Threshold accepted (TA), Tabu search (TS) and Ant colony optimization (ACO) algorithm) for the problem. Computational experience is found that these local search algorithms solve problem to 5000 jobs with reasonable time. Keyword:- Scheduling Single machine, Bicriteria, Lexicographical optimization, Branch and bound, Local search methods

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Article
دراسة وتشخيص الملوثات الكيميائية الناتجة من النشاطات الصناعية في مدينة بغداد

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الخلاصة

This study involve in an estimation of some elements Concentration that high Toxic such as [chromium(Cr) ,lead(Pb), zinc(Zn), copper(Cu)] in the water of Tigris river that aronnd of industrial sites.Samples of air, soil are Collected from the same sites, anions such as [SO4 -2, PO4-3, CL-1and NO3-1] were also determined. The region of the industrial sites around of the Tigris river in Baghdad (AL-Karada/ AL-Jadria and Deala Brigh).were choose to made our study in Baghdad.The result appear that the water of the Tigris river was polluted with the cation anion under our study.

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Article
معالجة صور جهاز الصدى القلبي (Echocardiography) باستخدام مرشح فروست (FF)

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الخلاصة

The noise that is associated with the imaging systems (of different types) is considered to be a very important problem that complicates the develop of these systems, because it makes the interpretation and analysis of images information very difficult process, the most common type of these images system especially in the medical field, is the ultrasound imaging systems. The main defect in the images that are produced by these devices , is the degrading by the speckle noise (coherent noise) where this noise is classified as a multiplicative noise. So that we deviated to study the Echocardiography images had been enhanced by using the digital filter (Frost's Filter) , by using the mathematical noise image models, we built an algorithm , contains the nois operator,s separation and estimates the statistical distribution from the image to remove the coherent noise from these images where this filter depend on local statistical feature in filtering the images. The image quality tests have been used to estimate the quantitative and visual qualities, where the quantitative measured were done by computing the means (μ) and the signal to noise ratio (SNR) to estimate the filtering process in the homogenous regions (dark, bright, and middle intensities), the results explain to estimate the filter for Echogardiography images processing to remove coherent noise effect.

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Article
Synthesis and Evaluation of some new DDT resins and their IPNs

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الخلاصة

Acrylate resin derived from tetramethylol DDT resin have been synthesized and characterized by IR, NMR and CHN. Several IPNs were prepared from the unsaturated resins and commercial unsaturated polyester (palatal).Also the amine resins was used as hardener for epoxy resins and resole.The new IPNs were curable at room temperature according their curing characteristics were investigated by DSC technique, several parameters were found; i.e. curing temp., rate of curing, curing energy and activation energy.The thermal stability and thermo-oxidative stability of new resins and their IPNs were studied by TGA technique in the presence of inert atmosphere. Several thermal stability parameters were calculated from TG thermograms. The obtained results confirmed the outstanding thermal stability of new IPN’s.

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Article
The In vivo And In vitro Effects of Eugenia Caryophllus, Quercus infectoria and Terminalia Extracts On Dermatophytes Infections

المؤلفون: Kareema Amine AlKhafajii --- Zuhair HamideAl-Dhawahery
الصفحات: 181-189
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الخلاصة

A total of 340 specimens were collected from skin or hair of patients suffering from dermatophytic infections, during a period of one year (July/2005 to july/2006) at AL-Hussein Hospital / Karbala And Mirjan Teaching Hospital / Babylon . Four species of dermatophytes belong to the genus Trichophyton were isolated in this study; - Trichophyton mentagrophytes var. mentagrophytes . - Trichophyton mentagrophytes var. interdigitale. - Trichophyton verrucosum. -Trichophyton rubrum. . The prevalent clinical type of tinea (T.) infections was Tinea corporis which accounted for 154 cases (45.25%), then Tinea pedis 79 cases (23.23%), Tinea cruris 61 cases (17.94%), Tinea capitis 25 cases (7.35%), and Tinea mannum 21 cases (6.17%). The response of these isolates toward; aqueous, alcoholic and acetonic extracts of three different medicinal plants; fruit of Quercus infectoria , fruit of Terminalia citrina and flower of Eugenia carryophyllus was investigated. The results of preliminary chemical analysis revealed that Quercus infectoria contained ;Glycosides , Tannins , Saponins , Flavonoids , Carbohydrates , Phenols , Fuocoumarins , Coumarins and Volatile oils , while Terminalia citrina contained; Glycosides , Tannins , Saponins , Resins , Flavonoids , Carbohydrates , Phenols , Fuocoumarins , Coumarins and Volatile oils , whares, Eugenia carryophyllus contained ; Tannins , Saponins , Resins , Flavonoids , Carbohydrates , Phenols , Fuocoumarins , Coumarins and Volatile oils. Phenols, Volatile oils of Quercus infectoria, Eugenia carryophyllus and Tannins of Terminalia citrina were extracted and studied their inhibition activity against the isolated fungi. The active components showed higher activity against fungal isolates than crude extracts. The results indicated that the effect of the active components (Phenols , Tannins and volatile oils) being extracted from the three plants in treatment of the laboratory infected skin of rat with Trichophyton mentagrophytes were highly as anti-inflammatory, antibacterial as well as antifungal. A prepared ointments from phenols extracted of Quercus infectoria, Tannins and volatile oils extracted of Terminalia citrina and Eugenia carryophyllus in the recovery period in mice infected by T.mentagrophytes were 13 days, 14 and 15 days respectively in compared with the recovery period of 16 days by using Clotrimazole

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Article
الأغراض البلاغية للنداء في القرآن الكريم

المؤلفون: سهيلة خطاف عبد الكريم
الصفحات: 187-199
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Article
Spectrophotometric study and Characterization of Aurintricarboxylic acid as analytical reagent for Manganese (II) determination

المؤلفون: Ahmed Fadhil Kadhier
الصفحات: 190-197
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الخلاصة

Aurintricarboxylic acid (ATA) has been synthesized , and prepared complex with Mn(II) was characterized by spectrophotometeric methods UV-Visible, FT-IR and molar conductivity measurement. The octahedral geometry around Mn(II) ion can be suggested. The ligand used as a reagent for the spectrophotometer determination of micrograms of manganese ions. The reaction between Mn2+ and ATA form a pink complex having a molar ratio of 2:1 (M: L) at pH 7 and the stability constant was found to be (1.62x1010 L2.mole2-). The molar absorptivity of the complex is 2.55x 104L.mole-1.cm-1 at max 552 nm. This method sensitive and the complex formed high stable which can used a reagent ATA to spectrophotometric determination of the manganese (II).

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Article
تقييم كفاءة فيتامين C واتحاده مع فيتامين E أومستخلص اوراق نبات السدر في تثبيط اكسدة الدهون ومحفزات ألاكسدة في لحم البقر المفروم المطبوخ خلال الخزن المبرد

المؤلفون: حاتم حسون صالح
الصفحات: 193-200
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الخلاصة

This investigation was carried out to evaluate the efficiency of vitamin C in the form of Ascorbic acid (AA) and its combination with either vitamin E in the from of α - Tocopherol (Toc + AA) or Zizyphus- spina christi extract (ZE+AA) and (ZE) alone in controlling the lipid oxidation , Warmed – over- flavor (WOF) development as well as inhibition of catalyzed oxidation of cooked ground beef meat during refrigerated storage at 4c˚ for 2,5,8 days. The obtained results showed that samples of meat treated with (ZE+AA) or ZE were high effective for inhibition of iron release from pigment of cooked beef meat after 8 days of cold storage at 4c˚ as compared with other treatments. The synergistic effect of treatments (Toc + AA) or (ZE+AA) had a good ability in reducing of lipid oxidation development , WOF and rancidity of cooked meat after 8 days of cold storage at 4c˚.Decreasing of Thiobarbituric acid (TBA) Values and inhibition of iron release from pigment meat are evident of the above synergistic effect. There was negative relationship between heme – iron content and TBA value of cooked meat (r = -0.81) .In concollusion, (ZE+AA) treatment showed high effective as antioxidant and metal chelators agents of cooked beef meat during cold storage at 4c˚.

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Article
Survey study of Bacterial & Parasitic diarrhea in children under five year In Al-kufa (Barakia)
دراسة مسحية لنسب الأصابة بالأسهال البكتيري والطفيلي عند الأطفال دون سن الخامسة في قضاء الكوفة(منطقة البراكية)

المؤلفون: Abdul Razzaq yaseen Abdullah
الصفحات: 198-201
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الخلاصة

This survey study was carried out in the primary health care center of Muslim Ibn Akeel in al-Kufa town(Barakia) –Al –Najaf Al- ashraf governorate district to survey the risk of contaminated water and prophylactic measures for diarrhea (during 2005 and 2006) with (40254 population and the number of children under 5 years approximately 6600 child). In 2005 there were 340 children under 5 year suffering from diarrhea, but in 2006 there is a clear increase 670 cases. (Archive of PHC of Muslim Ibn Akeel) This work proposes to study some suggestions to reduce pediatric diarrhea in a low-income area by using filtration tools and new method for water sterilization (water pasteurization) and participation of organizations of civilization society for a large area with poor water, food hygiene, and sanitation are common in communities with high levels of diarrhea. Underlying conditions, such as malnutrition, which modify the risk of contracting diarrhea, are also common in such regions. These factors combine to facilitate the spread of enteropathogen including demographic, Precoded questionnaires with demographic details, clinical history, and physical signs were completed. 60 samples of water for chlorine test were negative and samples of stools that collected for routinely general stool examination there were showing high rates of G. lamblia, Ent.Histolytica, E. coli, motile monilia, motile bacteria, H.nana & others. Cultures of water samples were showed growth of E.coli on selective media such as (Mackonky agar).

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Article
تأثير عنصري البورون والحديد ومبيد البينوميل والبلاتينيت والمبيد الحيوي باسلين في نمو وتجرثم الفطر الممرض Exserohilum rostratum .

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الخلاصة

The study tested the impact of some chemical agents and vital to the growth and sporulation of fungus Exserohilum rostratum and of nutrients (element boron, iron) in addition to the impact of two types of chemical fungicides (benomyl and blattinate). The article sodium chloride in addition to the bacilli vital Exterminator. The study showed that the components used metal affects the growth of fungus and sporulation as iron effected in growth of E. rostratum The rate of diameter colony in concentration (60 PPM) about (7.5 cm) compared to control 9 cm and spore number had increased to 68000 spore / cm2 compared to control treatment of 23000 spore / cm2 , while there did not appear and there is no moral difference in the growth and sporulation when using element boron and all concentration used (15, 30, 60) p pm. The results also indicated efficiency Exterminator Binomial to discourage growth of fungus when used the concentration 0.25 and 0.5 and 1 g / liter as the percentage to discourage growth of the fungus tomography (27.8, 38.9 and 42.3)%, respectively, while the average number of spores 25000, 32000 and 35000 spore/ cm2 compared to control treatment of 23000 spore / cm2. While the results showed that the use of Blitinate in concentration 0.25 and 0.5 g / L did not affect the growth of the fungus radically and reduced the number spores formed by the fungus to 17000 and 15000 spore / cm2 compared to control treatment of 20000 spore / cm2. While the use of fungus focus 1 g / for lying and poorly impact on the growth of fungus as per Damping 11.2% rate was spores number 12000 spore / cm2. The results showed that the best-studied culture media for the growth and sporelation of fungus(P.D.A) at a rate of 9 cm colonies after 5 days of Cuddles. Also, the results showed that sodium chloride when use 1% and 3% did not affect the growth and the fungus began sensitive to substance sodium chloride at concentrations (5, 7 and 10)%, as the rate of diameter colonies (5, 4.5 and 0 cm). The results showed that the use of bacilli vital brave comrades showed high efficiency in inhibiting the growth of the fungus on P.D.A as the percentage of discouraging 100% .

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Article
Possible Correlation between Helicobacter pylori and Duodenitis in Non-ulcer Dyspeptic Iraqi Patients.
إمكانية الترابط بين بكتريا Helicobacter pylori والتهاب الاثنا عشري في مرضى عسر الهضم غير المصاحب لقرحة في العراق

المؤلفون: سهاد هادي محمد
الصفحات: 203-209
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الخلاصة

In this study, we have attempted to show the relations between degrees of duodenal mucosal inflammation in biopsy specimens from non-ulcer dyspeptic (NUD) patients with the presence of anti–Helicobacter pylori (H.pylori) IgG. For this purpose, duodenal biopsies, taken during orogastroduodenoscopy, and sera were obtained from 42 consecutive NUD patients. Anti –H.pylori IgG levels in those patients were determined using ELISA and correlated with histopathological findings. Five cases (11.9%) have demonstrated normal mucosa without any sign of inflammation. Mild inflammation was shown in 26 patients (61.9%) while sever inflammation was shown in 11 cases (26.2%). A positive correlation was found between presence of anti- H.pylori IgG and degree of inflammation of the duodenal mucosa (r = 0.306, p= 0.049). However, no correlations could be found with either the histological changes of the duodenal villi and endocopical findings. These results may indicate a causal relationship between H.pylori and duodenitis in nonulcer dyspeptic patients and, moreover, may implicate duodenitis as an important etiological cause of NUD.

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Article
Adsorption Study of Methylene Blue Dye on Rice Bran in Aqueous Solution
دراسة امتزاز صبغة ازرق المثيلين على نخالة الرز في المحلول المائي

المؤلفون: Hussein Kadhem Abdul Hussein --- Rafah Muhammed thiyab
الصفحات: 210-218
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الخلاصة

The extraction of certain pollutant substances from solution on solids is one of the cheapest and easiest separation methods. Furthermore, some of the extracted substances are economically important. In this work, an attempt was done to obtain cheap adsorbent, rice bran, for adsorption and extraction of methylene blue dye (MB) from aqueous solution. Study of some practical parameters affecting adsorption process such as initial dye concentration, acidity, and compute the thermodynamic parameters (ΔHº, ΔGº, ΔSº) for the adsorption process. The extent of the MB removal by rice bran increased with increase in the initial concentration of the dye and temperature. Thermodynamic parameters, such as ΔHº, ΔGº, and ΔSº have been calculated by using the thermodynamic equilibrium coefficient obtained at different temperatures and concentrations were: ΔHº=10.28KJ.mol-1, ΔGº=-5.08KJ.mol-1, ΔSº=52.39J.mol-1.ºK-1. It can be concluded from the results of the present study that the process of adsorption of MB on rice bran may be used effectively to remove the dye from aqueous medium as acidity is increased. The dye removal increased with increase in the initial concentration of the dye and temperature indicating that the process is endothermic and spontaneous. MB can be used to remove the dye even the solution is hot with good efficiency.Keywords: Rice bran, adsorption, methylene blue.

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Article
تأثير عدد من العوامل الأدارية و الوراثية في بعض معايير الكفاءه التناسلية لدى أبقار الفريزيان والهولشتاين في العراق

المؤلفون: مثنى صباح عزاوي
الصفحات: 210-214
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الخلاصة

Records on Friesian and Holstein were used in this study belong to Ishaqi station. The records were collected during 1995-1999 which distributed to : 491 records for Gestation period (GP) Calving interval (CI), and 521 records for insemination numbers (IN). The General linear model was used in the analysis of data pertaining to the factors affecting Gestation period (GP), Calving interval (CI) and Insemination number (IN). The factors included parity, breed, season of calving, year, sex, of calve. Least square means for CI, GP, IN were 399.77, 279.77 days, 2.29 respectively. The factors had not significant Effects on GP but the CI were affected significantly (P< 0.05) by season of calving, year and higher significantly (P< 0.01) by parity and breed but it is not for the sex of calve. Result revealed that IN were affected significantly (P< 0.01) by season of calving and year. The regression of CI, GP, IN on the age at first calving was not significant.

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Article
تأثير الباراسيتيمول ( Paracetemol ) على نسيج الكبد في الفئران البيضاء المختبرية Mus-Musculus

المؤلفون: زينب نزار جواد --- نصير مرزة حمزة
الصفحات: 215-219
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الخلاصة

(21) samples of white mice of Lab type (Mus-Musculus) were studied which obtained from scientific college / Baghdad university they were divided into three groups and injected with paracetemol with dose (1gkg) from body weight for three times (15,30,45) days and respectively after end of period of injection for each groups, the mice were killed and surgical and taken samples from liver and make sectioning them and show the following : Increases of sizes of the hepatocytes ,as result from occurrence of cloudy swelling which die to disappear sinosious with formed vacuoles around some hepatic cell which provide agued for occur degeneration in animal groups (15) days But note congestion in blood vessels with aggregated inflammatory cells around center vein with Necrosis in the animal groups (30) days but the animal groups which injected for (45) days , there are (Central lobular hepatic necrosis) with bleeding in the hepatic tissues .

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Article
Determination of Oxidative Stress and Antioxidant System in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD

المؤلفون: Bassam Faron Abed --- Zainab N.AbduAllah --- Abbas J. Kadhum
الصفحات: 219-223
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الخلاصة

Airways are exposed to high levels of environmental oxidants, yet they also have enriched antioxidants. Airways disease such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) has evidence of increased oxidative stress and decreased antioxidants.The aim of this study was to examine oxidant/ antioxidant status in 45 patients with COPD (Age range: 30 to 50 years) and in (40) healthy subjects. The status of oxidants in serum as represented by malondialdehyde (MDA) levels increased significantly (p<0.01) in the conditions of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), than their controls, also, non-enzymatic antioxidants (vitamin E, albumin and uric acid) which protects the lung from increased oxidative stress, were estimated in both of patients and controls groups. Vitamin E levels in patients with COPD were found to be significantly lower (p<0.01) as compared to control, On the other hand, low serum albumin (p<0.001) and uric acid levels were observed in the study group than controls. The changes in oxidant/ antioxidant status may be the effect of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease state.

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Article
للمصفوفات التعريف الجديد لعملية features of vec operation of matrices.

المؤلفون: حسين علي محمد الشريفي --- سامي داود كبارة
الصفحات: 220-228
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الخلاصة

In this project we took advantages of some mathematical definitions ,such as; the definitions of the kronecker products of Matrices and some features of this operations ,The Trace of a Matrix and some features of this operations .Also ,we have get the new definition of vec operation to prove some features of vec operation of matrices.

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Article
EVALUATIONS AND COMPARISON OF SOME MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF THE SELF AND HOT – CURE – ACRYLIC DENTURE BASE MATERIALS UNDER DIFFERENT PRESSURES MODALITY

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الخلاصة

The objectives of this study were to evaluate and compare some mechanical properties (compressive strength, tensile strength, shear strength, impact strength and transverse strength) of the self and hot–cured acrylic denture base materials under different pressures modalities. 250 samples were constructed, 200 sample were divided into four groups (50 for each, 10 for each test), subjected to different pressure forces (25psi, 50psi, 75psi, 100psi) and compared with 50 samples of hot – cured acrylic resin (10 for each test processed in water bath according to the conventional method -temperature 74Co, pressure 1200psi and time was 8 hours- as a control group). The results showed that at 100psi (compressive strength, tensile strength, shears strength, and impact strength) were improved. At 75psi (transverse strength) was improved, at 50 psi (impact strength, shears strength and transverse strength) were deteriorated. While 25psi lowered the (compressive strength, tensile strength, shears strength, and transverse strength).Using 100 psi pressure improved most of self-cured acrylic resin properties compared with hot-cured acrylic while 75psi improved the transverse strength.Key words: self-cured acrylic, hot-cured acrylic, pressure modality.

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Article
دراسة مسحية لتلوث مياه الشرب في محافظة كربلاء المقدسة لعام 2007

المؤلفون: زينب نزار جواد
الصفحات: 229-233
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الخلاصة

This study aimed to determine the causes of drinking water contamination and to know which months of the year that have the higher incidence of the contamination.Sixty samples were taken from different areas of Karbala( Al- hur, Al- hindea, Hay Al- moathafeen, Hay Al- kadeer and Al- wand) and they were examined during January, Faberuary, March, April, May, and June in 2007. It was found that all these samples were contaminated with unaerobic bacteria (average number of bacteria was 200, 160, 120 for Al- hindea, Hay Al- kadeer and Al- hur) respectively . Coliform and E.coli were append in average number which varied from site to another , the highest of coliform and E.coli were 20 and 18 respectively.There was a significant difference in the incidence of water contamination between cold months (January, February and march) and hot months (April, May and June) at p value ≤0.01. There was 2 significant number of aerobic plate count (APC) total number, total coliform number and E.coli number in hot months in comparison to January.In addition, there was a high correlation coefficient between (APC) total number and total coliform number (r=0.85 at p value ≤0.01). This relationship was found also between (APC) total number and E.coli total number (r=0.86 at p value ≤0.01).Finaly, a strong correlation coefficient was found between total number of E.coli and coliform bacteria (r=0.86 at p value ≤0.01).

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Article
دراسة جديدة حول استخلاص سائل – سائل الحديد الثنائي والثلاثي باستخدام مشتق الحامض الاميني N – أسيتايل – DL - تربتوفان

المؤلفون: علاء فراك حسين
الصفحات: 234-248
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الخلاصة

A study on Liquid – Liquid extraction of Iron (III) and Iron (II) with derivative amino acid N- Acetyl– DL – Tryptophane that refer by ( ActrpH) has been made. The effect of different parameters such as type of medium and time of equilibration, concentration of metal iron, type of organic solvent , effect of batch extraction , salting out, effect of cations and inions on distribution ratio and effect of temperature. The function of thermodynamic (ΔG , ΔS , ΔH) were calculated. The stoichiometry of the extract species is determined using three methods such as slope analysis and mole ration. The results indicated formation of [ Fe (III) – ActrpH] in the ration of ( 1:3) ,while the ratio of the formation [Fe(II) – ActrpH] is (1:2). The UV-Visible spectra was studied both to reagent (ActrPH) and extracted complexes. Other physical constant namely, melting point and specific conductivity of the two complexes also were measured.

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Article
A new colorimetric method for determination of procaine in pharmaceutical preparations via oxidative coupling organic reaction

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الخلاصة

A new and sensitive colorimetric method for determination of procaine in pure and pharmaceutical preparations has been developed. It is based on coupling the nucleus of procaine molecule which is p-amino benzoic acid(PABA) with promathazine HCL in the presence of sodium periodate as oxidizing agent in an acidic medium.The product stable green-bluish coloured has a λ max=610nm.The calibration curve is liner over the range of (0.4-18 µg .ml-1)of p-amino benzoic acid with a molar aborpitivity of 1.718x104 l.mole-1.cm-1,a sandal sensitivity of 0.0079µg.cm-2,a relative error of(-1.15)-2.26% and a relative standard deviation of(0.24-1.45%) depending on the concentration of p-amino benzoic acid.The proposed method is applied satisfactorily to pharmaceutical preparations containing procaine

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Article
Study the Properties of Microplasma Oxidation Coatings (MPO) Deposited on Aluminum Alloy under modified Conditions

المؤلفون: H. A. Samir
الصفحات: 243-250
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الخلاصة

Over the past years, great achievements have been made in the domain of existing many surface coating technologies for surface improvement of aluminum alloys. Despite these achievements, the domination in the market is strongly affected by ability of surface coating technology, by means of technical and economic considerations, to meet the increased demands for heavy tribological applications of aluminum alloys. The MPO technology has recently been studied as a novel and effective means to provide improved properties such as thick and hard ceramic coating with excellent load-bearing and wear resistance properties on aluminum alloys. The aim of the present research is to study the properties of MPO coatings deposited on aluminum alloys under modified conditions so as to improve the hardness of MPO coatings by reducing the porosity which is the most complex phenomenon can affect the distribution and measurements of hardness, and wear rates of the coatings. The results proved that the coatings produced by the modified conditions show significant improvement in porosity and hardness properties for thicker coatings. Key words: Micro plasma oxidation MPO; aluminum alloys; hardness; porosity

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Article
The effect of grading of fine aggregate on some properties of concrete

المؤلفون: Adil .M. Abdul Latif --- Riadh S. Al-Rawi
الصفحات: 251-257
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الخلاصة

In concrete construction, sands of good grading used in preparing concrete mixes is considered as one of the important problems in Iraq .The reason is that the quantities of sand conforming to the Iraqi specifications in grading are beginning to decrease .There are, however, large quantities of sand which can not be used in preparing concrete mixes because they are not conforming to the Iraqi specifications. During this research, many trials have been made to increase the range of grading of fine aggregate . 576 concrete cubes were cast using different concrete mixes designed according to the (ACI 211.1 1991) . Two types of cement are used with variable water cement ratios and different grading of fine aggregate . Most of these grading were out of Iraqi specifications. Slump test was made for all concrete mixes and compressive strength was made for all concrete cubes at ages of (7,28,56 and 90)days. The results obtained show the possibility of using different grading of fine aggregate with fineness modulus ranges from (1.4 to 3.7) which is much wider than the range of fineness modulus in (ACI 211.1 1991) ,noticing that these different grading of fine aggregate did not adversely affect the slump or compressive strength.

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Article
Synthesis and Characterization of Novel Macrocyclic ligand and its complexes with (Co(II),Ni(II),Cu(II),Zn(II), and Cd(II)) ions.

المؤلفون: Mazin Saleh Breesam --- Enaàm Ismail Yousif --- Ahmad Thabet Numan
الصفحات: 258-266
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الخلاصة

A new Macrocyclic Schiff base ligand Bis[4-hydroxy(1,2-ethylene-dioxidebenzylidene) pheylenediamine] [H2L] and its complexes with (Co(II) , Ni(II) , Cu(II) , Zn(II) and Cd(II)) are reported . The ligand was prepared in two steps,in the first step a solution of (o-phenylene diamine) in methanol react under reflux with (2,4-dihydroxybenzylaldeyed) to give an (intermediatecompound) [Bis-1,2 (2,4-dihydroxybenzylediene)pheylinediamine] which react in the second step with (1,2- dichloro ethane) giving the mentioned ligand.Then the complexes were synthesis of adding of corresponding metal salts to the solution of the ligand in methanol under reflux with 1:1 metal to ligand ratio. On the basis of, molar conductance, I.R., UV-Vis, chloride content and atomic absorption the complexes may be formulated as [M(H2L)] [MII =Co,Ni,Cu,Zn and Cd] . The data of these measurements suggest a tetrahedral geometry to Co(II), Cu(II) , Zn(II) ,and Cd(II) complexes and a square planar to Ni(II) .

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Article
Histopathological study of nasal osteosarcoma in calf in Basrah

المؤلفون: Kareem Helal --- Zanib Wihaed, Abdalbari A. Alfars
الصفحات: 267-270
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الخلاصة

Four cases growth tumor masses of osteosarcoma in nasal origin of calves which it was characterized by sold, limit, clear, closed end and projected surface mass tumor as well as it was adhesion with some part of skeleton bone. The type of nasal discharge is bloody purulent. On the cut surface there were highly vascular with marked hemorrhage. The weight measure of tumor mass about one kilogram. There were many pathological changes like congestion and odema, fibroplasia and periosteal new bone formation accompanied by different shape and size of neoplastic cells like pleomorphic cells as well as there were muscular atrophy.

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Article
A Suggested Numerical Solution for the Master Equation of Nuclear ٍReaction

المؤلفون: Ahmed Abdul-Razzaq Selman --- Shafik Shaker Shafik --- Mahdi Hadi Jasim
الصفحات: 271-282
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الخلاصة

Numerical solution for the master equation of the preequilibrium statistical model has been presented, assuming one-component Fermi gas model. This numerical method has been shown to give the same accuracy for the simple as well as the more advanced schemes. The present method showed fast convergence for a wide range of physical system parameters and it was applied for two reaction examples that include neutron and proton induced reactions with 54Fe nucleus at energies 20 and 80 MeV. Comparisons with standard earlier results indicated that the present method is proper for low reaction energies, but with worse accuracy at higher energies. The behavior of the present method was examined against the energy, exciton numbers, and time variation.

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Article
A STUDY ON THE ECHOCARDIOGRAPHY OF THE MITRAL VALVE IN NORMAL INDIVIDUALS AND PATIENTS WITH FUNCTIONAL MITRAL VALVE PROLAPSE

المؤلفون: Ghazwa Hatem AL-Zubaydi
الصفحات: 283-296
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الخلاصة

The patient with mitral valve prolapse suffers from changes which occur in the myocardium , especially the left side , due to the changes which occure in orifice of mitral valve during the period of systole of left ventricle.The research worker classify the causes of mitral valve prolapse to pathological heart causes , or congenital and others of unknown origin. Objective: the use of echocardiography instrument this study undertaken to evaluate the unnatural changes which occur on the left side of the heart , as a result of functional mitral valve prolapse , there are two test including: the functional mitral prolapse and the structural mitral prolapse.Setting: Marjan teaching hospital , echocardiography unit: The study included(78) individuals divided into two groups; the first is the standard group which included normal of (40) persons, the second is the group of functional mitral valve prolapse which included (38) patients.The study is done by the use of Ultrasound wave (Echocardiography instrument ) type ''Combison 530 D model Voluson 530D''. All the subjects were subjected to M-mode and Two- Dimensional and Doppler echocardiography techniques which were used to evaluate the left atrial parameters that include: internal transverse diameter and internal longitudinal diameter in diastole and systole and that to find atrium volum in both situations.As well as echocardiography techniques , which were used to evaluate the left ventric- ular structure parameter: ( Left ventricular internal diameter in diastol and systole (LVIDs, LVIDd), Inter ventricular septum thickness in diastole and systole (IVSTs,IVSTd), Posterior wall thickness of LV (cm) in diastole and systole(PWTs and PWTd). Evaluation of left ventricular structure by using specific formula of (Left ventricular mass (g) in diastole and systole (LVM), Left ventricular mass index (g/m2) (LVMI) and Relative wall thickness of LV in diastole and systole( RWT)).The results: The study showed hypertrophy of the left atrium in functional prolapse and the results illustrated that there are differences among left atrium measurement for control and patients group (P value < 0.01). Aswell as our observations indicated an increment correlation between body surface area and (LVM) among patients group (P < 0.01), so as the relation between body mass index and stroke volume were significant . There is no much change in the function of the heart as a result of age and body mass index ( Kg / m ² ). There is no much change in the heart including ages of those included in the study. Data are presented as means ± SD; two means were compared by paired student T test, and P value less than 0.05 was considered to be significant, P value less than 0.01 was considered to be high significant.Conclusions: Most of the measurements which were recorded left the atrial hypertrophy (recorded size) during contraction and the relaxation condition and this is what proved with what the previous researches pointed at the mitral valve prolapse.No significant effect of (BMI) that depends on body length and weight was noticed on the results of measurement, or on the nature of diseases.

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Article
Enhancing Adhesion between layers of Babylon tyre

المؤلفون: محمد علي مطر
الصفحات: 317-322
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الخلاصة

There are three types of adhesion difficulties faced by the Babylon Tyre manufactured: bonding the inner liner to the fabric cord, bonding the tread to the breaker bandage, and bonding the sidewall to the bead apex. We have investigated the adhesion between layers of tyre by using maleic anhydride (MA) in an elastomer while using phenolic resin, resorcinol, or novolak in another elastomer to understand the role of (MA) as an adhesion promoter. The cure rate slowed down when MA was added to the rubber compound, but changes in the physical properties were not significant. An improvement in adhesion was seen in presence of MA with phenolic resin (PH) and with (resorcinol) more than MA with novolak. Esterification reactions are the postulated mechanism for the observed promotion of adhesion.

الكلمات الدلالية

Adhesion --- Maleic anhydride --- peel strength


Article
ON self –C-injective modules
حول المقاسات من النمط المغلق الشبه الاغماري

المؤلفون: ايمان عبد الامير محمد علي الياسري
الصفحات: 328-330
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الخلاصة

Let R be a commutative ring with unity . In this paper we study R-modules which satisfy self-C - injective modules.

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Article
“Kinetic and thermodynamic study on the adsorption of Para Anisidine compound by Sepiolite clay”

المؤلفون: Aseal M.K --- Ayad F.Al-Kiam --- Sadiq J. Baqir
الصفحات: 331-345
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الخلاصة

The removal of para anisidine (PA), with sepiolite clay have been performed investigating the effect of initial concentration, pH, temperature and contact time, on this process. The equilibrium concentration have been determined spectophotometrically using ultra violet - visible technique.The equilibrium data are fitted to the Langmuir and Freundlich isotherm equations. The rate constant and activation energy value for the adsorption process was calculated, and the equilibrium time, that’s equal to 70 minutes. The temperature thermodynamic parameters like , and have been calculated from the effect of temperature. Values of enthalpy showed that the adsorption process is exothermic.

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Article
Study of laser drilling mechanism parameters for a Ni-based superalloy

المؤلفون: Methaq Mutter Mehdi Al-Sultany
الصفحات: 346-363
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الخلاصة

The time of laser drilling process for Hastelloy-x by using hybrid Ti:sapphire/KrF excimer chain laser has been calculated at different values of each ( number of shots , distance of sample from lens focus , intensity as well as fluence ) according to the establishment results of drill depth .Many parameters of laser drilling process have been calculated as heating stage time ( th ) , drilling velocity ( ds/dt) , temperature gradient (dT/dZ) , temperature of metal surface ( T ) and energy flux absorbed by the surface ( φEa ) at different values of photons intensity and in many different positions;infront of the lens focus and behined it . The laser drilling parameters have been calculated also by variation of ambient temperature ( T◦ ) according to one dimensional model of laser drilling . We found that ambient temperature (T◦)was more efficient parameter than laser photons intensity in laser drilling velocity and the metal position in front of the lens focus or behind it was not affect on most drilling parameters. It can be concluded that small divergence laser beam is adequate in laser drilling of metals

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