جدول المحتويات

مجلة جامعة كربلاء

ISSN: 18130410
الجامعة: جامعة كربلاء
الكلية: رئاسة الجامعة او مراكز
اللغة: Arabic and English

This journal is Open Access

حول المجلة

أن مجلة رئاسة الجامعة هي مجلة علمية محكمة تصدر بشكل فصلي لأغراض الترقيات العلمية وهي مجلة علمية رصينة في مختلف الاختصاصات تأسست في عام 2003 حاصلة على الترميز الدولي ISSN-1813-0410 تستقبل المجلة بما يقارب 500 بحث في السنة وعليه يبلغ عدد البحوث المنشورة بما يقارب 300 بحث منشور في السنة وبما يقارب 200 بحث قيد النشر وتخضع البحوث المقدمة للتقويم العلمي من قبل أساتذة اختصاصين وتنشر البحوث باللغتين العربية والانكليزية اما أعمال المجلة هي :-

1- استقبال البحوث الخاصة بالسادة التدريسيين الراغبين بنشرها في المجلة .
2- عرضها على السادة المقيمين .
3- تزويد الباحثين بكتاب قبول نشر بعد حصول الموافقة على النشر .
4- تنضيد البحوث وفق السياق الخاص بالمجلة والمرفق نسخة منه طياً .
5- استنساخ العدد الخاص بالمجلة بمعدل 50 نسخة لكل مجلد (علمي عربي + علمي انكليزي + انساني )

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معلومات الاتصال

phone Number :07814214835
E_mail :Journal@uokerbala.edu.iq

جدول المحتويات السنة: 2010 المجلد: 8 العدد: 3

Article
Study of extent the relationship between Obesity and colon diseases in Al-Hakem general hospital in Governorate of Al-najaf Al-ashraff
دراسة مدى العلاقة بين الإصابة بالسمنة وأمراض القولون في مستشفىالحكيم العام في محافظة النجف الاشرف

المؤلفون: أثير كاظم عبادي
الصفحات: 1-6
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الخلاصة

Through the period from 1/10/2008 to 31/5/2009. Check-up 100 obesity case have overweight 25–30 kg/m2 according to body mass index from patients revises to al- Hakem general hospital in Al-najaf Al- ashraff governorate for searching about some aspects of relationship between obesity and colon disease through the data, which collected and registered by questioner form. The results of male's examination appear infecting 33.1% with colon disease .The preponderance of cases through age group 30-69yrs, with increase in weight 27-31 Kg/m2. 79.6% infecting by obesity with out colon disease .75% don't have obesity persons in their family, 24.1% have them family history with obesity and 21.9% diabetes mellitus patient . But in the females, the percentage for infecting with colon disease was 66.7%, with increase in weight 25-30 Kg/m2. 22.2% was have family history with obesity .33.3% from females was infected with diabetes mellitus .The preponderance of cases was in the age group 40-59 yrs .The study recommended: prepare – based estimates of obesity and its associated risk factors in Iraq to detection the health problem that be related the obesity.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
'Antimetabole'inEnglish and ArabicA Comparative Study

المؤلفون: Shaimaa' Emad Muhammed
الصفحات: 1-15
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الخلاصة

This study deals with 'antimetabole' as one of the figures of speech in English as well as Arabic. 'Antimetabole' is a figure in which words are repeated in reverse grammatical order. The study aims at giving a somehow adequate investigation of 'antimetabole' in English and Arabic. Moreover, it aims at identifying the similarities and differences of this figure of speech in both languages. This study consists of three main sections. The first main section which is devoted to 'antimetabole' in English is subdivided into three subsections. The first section deals with the concept of 'antimetabole'. The second section introduces the variations on the antimetabolic theme. The third section shows the rhetorical functions of 'antimetabole'. The second main section which is concerned with 'antimetabole' in Arabic has also three subsections. The concept of 'antimetabole' is dealt with in the first section. It is followed by a section on an antimetabolic variation and another on the rhetorical functions of 'antimetabole'. In the third main section, the similarities and differences of 'antimetabole' in both languages are illustrated. At last, the conclusion sums up the findings of the study.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
تحليل وقياس أثر السياسات النقدية والمالية في النمو والبطالة- مصر حالة دراسية –

المؤلفون: نزار كاظم صباح
الصفحات: 1-17
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الخلاصة

The research aims to identify the way of responding for growth and unemployment for changes in fiscal and monetary policies , paying the way which makes Egypt improves its position in this side as well as the importance to know more about the experiment of Egypt as an example for Arabic countries after paying attention to the points of weakness and power in this experiment . It is analyzing and measuring the activity of mention policies in both growth and unemployment to identify the more active policy . The results explain that there is an active for monetary policy on the effect in growth of the real GDP and without efficiency for fiscal policy in this variables and unemployment .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
The effect of soil mixes and different concentrations of Naphthalene acetic acid (NAA) on the cutting rooting of Lawsoina inermis L.
تأثير أوساط الزراعة وتراكيز مختلفة من حامض النفثالين اسيتيك ((NAA في تجذير عقل نبات الحناء Lawsoina inermis L

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الخلاصة

This present study was carried out in the lath house belong to the Department of Horticulture college of Agriculture. University of Basra during the period from March, 15th 2009. to May ,15th 2009. to investigate the effect of three propagation media for Lawsoina inermis L. :sand,(sand + loamy) , (sand + peatmose) after treatment with four NAA concentrations ( 0,4000,6000,8000 ) mg/L a complete Randomized Design ( CRD) with three replicates for each treatment and each experimental unit consists five cutting. Results could be summarized as Follows: The best propagation appeared to be the sand , sand encouraged rooting gave 77.86% , however the rooting media (sand + peatmose ) gave the least rooting 65.24% and also gave significant increased in the number of root and their length and also gave height number of branches 4.41/cutting the best concentration of NAA 4000,6000 mg/L which increased rooting 78.89% , 81.21% and the best negative growth. The interaction between rooting media and NAA concentration showed that sand the best rooting media with 4000 or 6000 mg/L in rooting percentage to be 87.53% and 83.00% but she reduced in 8000 mg/L NAA with (sand + peatmose ) to be 60.97% .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii among pregnant women in Baghdad province
مدى انتشـــــار طفيلي التوكسوبلازما (Toxoplasma gondii) بين النســـاء الحوامــــــل في مدينة بغداد

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الخلاصة

This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of Toxoplasmosis among pregnant women, in Baghdad province. A total of 56 sera samples from pregnant women, their age ranged between 20 – 39 years, were obtained and tested. The results exhibit high prevalence with Toxoplasma parasite among pregnant women that reach 75%(1256) and also high rate of infection with increasing age, it was 64.3% in women ranged 20-26 years old, while it was raised to reach 87.5% in those ranged 33-39 years old. Among the environmental and individual factors that was studied, It was found that absence of educational level, exposure to cats and previous abortion have a great important in the increasing of infection among pregnant women, while there was no any important statistical relationship between rate of infection and any other environmental and individual factors which have been studied. .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article

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الخلاصة

Iraq faced in the last five years, successive waves of drought that resulted in influence the reality of water and mainly on the water balance of the country and in particular areas of Western and Central and South America, which reflected negatively on the stocks of water strategy are the introduction of dams constructed or in the valleys and reservoirs of natural water, including Razaza under study and research, which has seen the amount of water where a serious setback, falling water level of (43) meters above sea level in 1989 to a level (22.50 meters) above sea level early in 2009, the objective of the study is determined in a statement level contribution Mbzl Razaza basis in the processing of water into the lake, while represented by problem of the study the extent of that contribution in the light of the multiple problems in the general budget in light of the rule of drought hangs over Iraq and the region, the assumption made by the research team reflected that this water source current can be to maintain its relevance in the foreseeable future (35) years to come, was the steps of completing the study through the three sections I study the characteristics of the area irrigation project Husseinieh which is the incubator for a draft network Mbzl Razaza President, The second topic was the focus on the study of Geography Razaza from all directions and in particular the qualitative analysis and quantification of water as the final repository of the water as well as aim of the study project is to provide water to as a living environment mission and idealism in the territory of the plateau of Western natural, while dealt with the research team in the third section is also the geographical features of the draft Mbzl Razzazah President both in its own format, where the main and subsidiary Alambazl and collected as well as quantitative and qualitative characteristics of water Alambzl and their impact on the reality of the lake and future directions of this effect, we have concluded that the study results and the following recommendations: 1. The emerging role Mbzl Razzazah is important as a source of water processed an average of (810) cubic meters per second at present and the foreseeable future. 2. Proved laboratory analysis of water Alambzl and the lake water is Alambzl better in terms of the properties of the waters of the lake. 3. Needs a Mbzl Razzazah further development and expansion and maintenance of access to higher efficiency of work and processing. 4. The need for government intervention to increase the contribution of other sources of water to Lake Razzazah to maintain the environmental balance. 5. The need to establish a permanent follow-up committees to follow up on the reality of water bodies throughout Iraq. 6. Briefing low Razzazah several bands (belts) to reduce the level of green evaporation and dust storms that are more serious regression in the volume of water.


Article
Age estimation of first deciduous tooth and sequence of eruption for the primary dentition in relation to the nursing habits among the kerbala children

المؤلفون: Hawraa Khalid Aziz
الصفحات: 12-19
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الخلاصة

The deciduous tooth emergence considered as very important to assess growth and development of the children and also very important indicator for the age estimation in children. In this study age of the first tooth erupt was estimated and the effect of the feeding types which are either breast or bottle feeding and sex on the number of the deciduous teeth present in the children has been studied. 252 children from the age 6 months - 34 months who's selected randomly and number of teeth eruption was studied in correlation with age, position in the dental arch, sex, type of nursing habits. The results showed the mean numbers of the teeth was higher in group of the breast feeding than those with bottle feeding and in the females higher than males. The mean time of the lower central incisor was earlier than upper central incisor with no difference in the halves. In conclusion of this study the breast feeding has the better effect on the teeth eruption and development. There is acceleration in dentition in the female than males. Lower central incisor is the first tooth erupts in both sides in the dental arch.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
تقييم تطبيق التقنيات الحديثة لتحسين الإنتاجيةدراسة حالة فيمعمل رقم 7 / الشركة العامة للصناعات الجلدية

المؤلفون: زهرة عبد محمد الشمري
الصفحات: 18-36
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الخلاصة

productivity the subject is given great attention on both at the level of theoretical and applied studies. And expresses productivity outputs to inputs. Has focused on the idea of basic research addressed to the modern technologies to improve productivity, since many of the means to improve productivity in application in manufacturing companies that depend heavily and directly on the stability of inputs or reducing (of raw materials, wages, energy, and expenses) with increased output or stable. But that as a result of developments in technology design and production technology and techniques of product development and others have provided techniques to improve productivity and have a direct and indirect inputs, outputs and contribute to increased productivity and techniques include technology, labor, materials, process, product, and management. The research aims to provide a checklist can be applied to industrial companies and help managers to know the extent of application of techniques to improve productivity. To make the applied research factory has been selected number (7) in the General Company for Leather Industries as a sample search. The research to several conclusions, including: that many of the techniques subsidiary among the techniques the six to improve productivity in application partly in the factory number (7) for rehabilitation of the according to the quality management system ISO 9001. The research was presented several recommendations including: that the company management and factory management to develop targets and a plan to improve productivity and to continue the application of techniques to improve productivity, as well as the application of measures of productivity.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Calculations Of Coulomb Collisions Time For Plasma Particles inside fusion Reactors
حسابات زمن التصادمات الكولومي لجسيمات البلازما داخل مفاعلات الاندماج

المؤلفون: Ali Abdul Amear Rashead
الصفحات: 20-31
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الخلاصة

In this paper study the coulomb collisions among plasma particles, using Maxwellian Distribution to reach of collisions time equations for electron, ion and transfer energy between the electron and ion inside plasma by indication of Coulomb Logarithm (Ln Λ). The coulomb collisions time calculations are necessary for the fusion reactors because Collisions between ions and electrons give rise to an electrical resistance which leads to ohmic heating of the plasma. Because of the collisions the particles and energy transfer leading to losses in the plasma. In order to control on the fusion reaction which happen inside the ionization medium (the plasma) must be control the temperatures to reach the max. possible period of energy confinement.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
العوامل المؤثرة في نسبة هلاك المواليد لحملان العواسيه لغاية عمر الفطام

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الخلاصة

The research was conducted at the research station, sheep and goats of the Public Authority for Agricultural Research in Abu Ghraib, where the follow-up record of 300 (432 births) return of 94 sheep Auasi (64 Turki and 30 local) for the period from 01/01/2007 to 11/01/2009. The data were analyzed using the Chi square test within the statistical program SAS. Shows that the overall average rate of loss from birth to weaning is 18.28%, and the impact of maternal age at birth significantly (P <0.01) in the proportion of loss of birth until weaning, and reached the maximum rate of loss of maternal age 2 to 5 years, reaching 25.19 and 25.0 %, respectively, while the lowest for infants born to mothers aged 4 years (10.79%). The results showed that the type of birth significantly affected (P <0.05) in the proportion of loss, having reached 15.27 and 24.30% for the birth of individual and just illiterate, respectively. Varied the proportion of loss significantly (P <0.01) depending on the case of birth, since the rate was 5.42 % when the natural birth, and increased to reach 77.98% when there is indigestion births. after the month of birth significantly (P <0.05) in the proportion of loss of birth until weaning, the rate was 20.90 and 18.70 and 13.79% respectively for the months January, February and March respectively. it became clear that the weight of mother at birth and birth weight at birth are highly significant in the rate of loss of the Lambs, There were no significant differences between strains (Awasi Turkish Awasi local) and between the sexes (male and female) in the proportion of loss. It was found that the proportion of loss increase in the birth of vulnerable and poor , and intestinal diseases, they came the second phase, and congenital anomalies, and respiratory infections were the third stage, a few somewhat.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Factors Affecting the Extraction Process of Oil- bearing flakes of Sunflower, Cotton and Soybean seeds
دراسة العوامل المؤثرة على عملية استخلاص البذور الزيتية لزهرة الشمس ، القطن ، وفول الصويا

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الخلاصة

This work was conducted to study the effect of factors influencing the extraction process of oil - bearing flakes of sunflower, cotton , and soybean seeds by using the commercial hexane as solvent . These factors were the moisture content , flake thickness , extraction time , tem- perature of extraction , solvent to seed ratios , and foreign matter for sunflower , cotton , and soybean seeds . The lint and the smut were studied also for the cotton seeds only . It was found that the moisture content of 9 – 11 % temperature of extraction of 60–65 ºC , flake thickness of 2 – 3 mm , five hours extraction time , and 1 to 1 seed to solvent weight ratio could be recommended as the as the best conditions for the extraction process . Cotton seed lint and smut shouhd be low as much as possible .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Effect of Atrazine and Primagram Herbicids and Plant Spacing on Growth and Yield of Corn and its Companion Weeds
تأثير مبيدا الأدغال الاترازين والبريمكرام ومسافات الزراعة في نمو وحاصل الذرة الصفراء والأدغال المرافقة

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الخلاصة

A field experiment was conducted at the Experimental farm, state Board for Agricultural Research , Abu – Ghraib during spring and autumn seasons /2006. The objective was to study the effect of plant density on growth of weeds and to determinate the best herbicides affected on yield and yield components of corn. The layout of the experiment was a Split plot in (RCBD) arrangement with three replications. The main plots included the herbicide treatments: control (untreated), 1, 2 Kg/ha Atrazine and 1,2 L/ha Primagram. The Sub plots represent hill spacing (15 cm, 20 cm and 25 cm). The results showed that spraying 2 L/ha of Primagram herbicide significantly increased plant height, leaf area, number of ear, per plant , number of row per area, number of grain per row and grain yield 4.81 ton/ha, 8.54 ton/ha and significantly decreased the dry weight of weeds 52.63 gm, 41.62 gm compared with untreated during spring and autumn seasons respectively. Hill spacing 25 cm superior in dry weight of weeds, leaf area and number of ear perplant compared with others hill spacing (15 cm, 20cm) . There was no significant effect to other characteristics in spring and autumn season. Interaction between spring 2 L/ha of Primgram herbicide and hill spacing 15 cm superior in grain yield 4.83 ton /ha , 8.57 ton /ha and gave less dry weight of weed 27.81 gm , 41.11 gm interaction between untreated treatment and hill spacing 25 cm gave less grain yield was 1.54 ton/ha 2.63 ton/ha in spring and autumn seasons respectively.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
"The impact of antioxidants in blood pressure, Proteus and free radicals of the football players"
" تأثير مضادات الأكسدة في ضغط الدم الاوكسجيني والشقوق الطليقة للاعبي كرة القدم "

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الخلاصة

The study was conducted on a sample of (20) players, representing Babylon Club team football and co-applicants in the top Iraq for the first degree for the year 2006-2007 .. , Researchers used the experimental method (equal groups) for suitability and method of study. The sample was divided into two groups, (10) players representing the control group, (10) players representing the experimental group. The study aims to identify the effect of antioxidants in blood pressure, oxidative and free radicals of the football players have made it clear to the survey there is the effect of antioxidants (vitamins) to increase the activity of the enzyme( SGOT) inside the reconstruction of( ATP), as well as was+ effect of antioxidants on Blood peroxide, while there was no effect of antioxidants on the activity of the enzyme( SGPT) and this is something that indicates a lack of participation in the reduction of free radicals, fatigue, muscle and blood pressure. Hence, the researchers took a number of recommendations, including the need interest in addressing the vitamins for its role in reducing the effects of free radicals as well as the emphasis on increasing loads trainings gradually.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
EFFECT OF FOLIAR SPRAY OF CHELATED IRON AND NUMBER OF SPRAYS ON GROWTH AND YIELD OF SNAKE CUCUMBER(Cucumis melo var. flexuoses Naud.)IN SOUTHERN IRAQ
تأثير الرش بالحديد المخلبي وعدد الرشات في نمو وحاصل نبات القثاء (Cucumis melo var. flexuoses Naud.) في جنوب العراق

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الخلاصة

An experiment was conducted during the season of 2009 at Al-Der,Basrah. The aim was to study the Effect of Foliar Spraying of chelated iron and the number of sprayings on some vegetative growth, flowering and yield of snake cucumber cv."local".The experiment included 6 treatments came from the interaction among three chelated iron 6% conc.of (0,250,500)mg/l applied with spraying (two and three times) at 20 days intervals starting one month after sowing. Randomized Complete Block Design was used in a factorial experiment. Duncan's Multiple Range Test was used at probability of 5%. Results showed that, there were a significant effects of foliar spraying of chelated iron on vegetative growth (plant length, number of lateral branches and leaves), female and male flowers compared to the control, the most effective treatment was 500 mg/l chelate iron. Spraying chelated iron at a concentration of (500mg/l) was the most effective in those characteristics. Spraying with three times was more was effective compared to spraying with two times in those characteristics. Spraying chelated iron at 250 mg /l significantly increased fruit set, the number of fruits per plant and fruit weight. There were a significant effects of foliar spraying of chelated iron on yield . Foliar spraying with 500mg/l chelated iron was the most effective in early yield whereas, 250 mg/l was the most effective in yield per plant and total yield. The highest total yield came from foliar spraying with 250mg/l chelated iron applied three times giving 3.223 ton/donum.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Modified Approach for Tuning Fractional Order PID Controller (FOPID) Using Intelligent Control Techniques
طريقة معدلة لتنغيم المسيطر التكاملي التناسبي المشتق الجزئي باستخدام تقنيات السيطره الذكية

المؤلفون: وليد خالد الجبوري --- احمد كريم عبدالله
الصفحات: 48-56
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الخلاصة

Many controllers are used to enhance the output responses for the complex system but there are several problem appear when classical controller are used therefore the world directed toward the intelligent control techniques to solve complex problem. In this paper the intelligent techniques are integrated with Fractional order PID controller (FOPID), to enhance the output response for the overall system. FOPID is a PID controller but its derivative parameter and integral parameter are fractional numbers not integers and it is consists of five parameters (KP, KI, Kd, α, β), these parameters are extracted and tuned by genetic algorithms, new performance criterion is used in this paper, by collecting the time response parameter (rise time , peak time, settling time ) with integral squire error ISE to produce good performance index ,finally the proposed approach has been tested and compared with another controllers. The simulation has been performed using MATLAB

الكلمات الدلالية

Intelligent Controller --- FOPID --- AVR --- Genetic Algorithms


Article
استجابة طعوم الكُمثرى (صَنفٌ مُنتَخَب الزعفرانية) للبنزيل ادنين وتاثير الرش بالسماد الورقي (كرومور) في بعض صفات النمو الخضري للشتلات

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الخلاصة

A factorial with two factors and three replication experiment was conducted in the horticultural and forestry station- Mahawell-Babil.Goverment during Sep.2007 to Nov.2008 to find out the effect of bud treatments with benzyl adenine at concentration (0, 100, 200 and 300 mgL) and foliar spraying with Grow More nutrient solution at different intervals (no spraying ,15 and 30 days interval) on some growth characters of pear grafted on Callyriana rootstock . Results indicated that BA atconc . of 300 mgL results in the highest percentage of budding success and higher values of stem height, shoot number, shoot length, leaf area and dry weight as compared to the control treatment . On the other hand , foliar spraying with the nutrient solution at shorter interval ( 15 days ) gave the highest means of the above mentioned vegetative Parameters . The interaction of the mentioned interval of foliar spray and the growth regulator at conc . of 300 mg/l also gave the highest values of the vegetative studied Parameters .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Blue Ocean Philosophy and its Role in Achieving Competitive Superiority : A study of the Opinions of Some Workers in Zain Telecommunication Company
دور فلسفة المحيط الأزرق في تحقيق التفوق التنافسيدراسة استطلاعية لأراء عينة من العاملين في شركة زين للاتصالات ببغداد

المؤلفون: فؤاد حمودي العطار
الصفحات: 52-68
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الخلاصة

The study deals with a very important subject focusing on identifying the role of blue ocean philosophy in achieving the competitive superiority due to the scarcity of the studies in management , in general , and in marketing , in specific , that dealt with the reality and nature of this concept . The study aims at shedding the light on what the blue philosophy is , showing its role in achieving the competitive superiority by requesting the opinions of a sample of workers in Zain telecommunication company by way of a questionnaire containing 30 items . This questionnaire is used as a main tool for collecting date from the sample . The results are analyzed by using the main and standard deviation in addition to " F and T " tests and the factor R2 . The study concludes that is a relation and effect between the blue ocean philosophy and competitive superiority on which recommendations are presented accordingly .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
THE CONTINUOUS CLASSICAL OPTIMAL CONTROL PROBLEM of A SEMILINEAR PARABOLIC EQUATION (COCP)
مسألة السيطرة الامثلية التقليدية من النمط المستمر لمعادلة تفاضلية جزئية شبه خطية من النمط المكافيء

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الخلاصة

We deal with in this work the continuous classical optimal control problem of a semilinear parabolic equation with equality and inequality constrains. First we prove for fixed classical control the existence and uniqueness for the solution of parabolic equation using the Galerkin method to approximate the exact solution and then for different classical controls. Second we prove the existence theory of a classical optimal control with equality and inequality constraints. Finally we prove the necessary conditions for existence of a classical optimal control with the above constraints.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
حساب بعض الخصائص الفيزيائية لجزيئةالـ أكرل امايد(Acryl amide-C3H5NO) باستخدام طريقةMNDO/PM3 شبه التجريبيه

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الخلاصة

In this work some spectroscopic and physical properties for the nonlinear (C3H5NO) molecule ,have been studied in Infra-red region (IR-region)using the semi-empirical MNDO/PM3 method under equilibrium condition , whene the minimum total energy (-888.01159eV) at equilibrium distance (2.18 Å) . Also,we study the fundamental vibrational frequencies, and given the number of mode for this molecule and we represented these modes graphically described intensity every mode, with other properties like electrostatic potential and charge density distribution in 2D,3D

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
الدلالة الكونية في ملحمة الطف الخالدة(( أفق النسق السيميائي لبطولة الامام الحسين عليه السلام ))

المؤلفون: ناصر شاكر الاسدي
الصفحات: 69-76
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الخلاصة

We are about trying to identify the dimensions of the semantic universe and the possibility of relation with curriculum semiotic according to the theory analysis, semiotic to several approaching reflect the threshold text with its various dimensions down to the details of induction, delayed defining early champion and dynamic text, which included a mobility that hero and to stay at semiotics colors that mobility and the extent of effectiveness of signs by function and is therefore by unique heritage tourism in the Arab and Islamic world from the perspective of universal and the epistolary to identify the overall semantic semiotics, shrouded in a text such as the text of the epic of Karbala and the identification of induction horizon pattern unique semiotic Championship

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Study of Liquid – Liquid Extraction of Cobalt (II) by (6-MBTABP)
دراسة استخلاص سائل –سائل للكوبلت الثنائي بواسطة الكاشف 2-[(6-Methoxy -2-benzthiazolyl) azo] -4-benzyl phenol (6-MBTABP)

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الخلاصة

The study of liquid – liquid extraction of cobalt (II) with (6-MBTABP). The effect of different parameters on the percent of extraction & extraction coefficient such as type of medium ; time of equilibration , concentration of metal ; reagent, type of solvent , effect of batch extraction , salting out , effect of some cations & anions effect of temperature . The function of thermodynamic parameter of (∆H,∆G,∆S)were calculated . The stoichiometry of the extraction is determined using tow methods Mol ratio method & Jobs′ method. It was found to be (M:L) (1:2) . The stability constant of complex in Mol ratio method was calculated . The study of UV-Visible & FT-IR spectra were studied both of reagent & complex in organic phase .Other physical constant namely. At last the new study for determination of Co (II) ion in organic phase was began.

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Article
Formation and stability of some transition metal complexes with a new tetradentate Schiff base ligand
تحضير وتشخيص ليكند جديد رباعي السن من قواعد شف ومعقداته مع MnII, FeII, CoII, NiII, CuII, ZnII

المؤلفون: Muhsin Taki AL-Kazweeni
الصفحات: 71-85
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الخلاصة

The synthesis of new tetradentate ligand Sodium[2-(1-carboxy-ethelideneamino)-phenilimino propaneate] Na2L and its complexes with Mn(II), Fe(II), Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II) ,Zn(II) , are reported. The compounds have been characterized by elemental microanalysis, molar conductance, mole-ratio determination, melting point, HPLC, IR and UV-Vis spectroscopy. On the basis of these measurements the complexes may be presented as [ML], where M is the metal. The complexes may be considered to have a tetrahedral structure except the Ni and Cu complexes which adopt a square planar and a distorted tetrahedral geometry respectively. The stability constant K and Gibbs free energy ΔG were calculated for Fe, Co, Ni complexes using spectrophotometric method. The obtained values indicate that these complexes are stable in their solutions.

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Article
لغة المعري- دراسة نقدية موجزة لأربعة نصوص -من رسالة الغفران

المؤلفون: جعفر علي عاشور --- باقر جواد الزجاجي
الصفحات: 77-84
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الخلاصة

Those who are specialized in linguistics and literature know AlMa’ari as a creative person based on the opinions of the earlier novelists and critics after classifying and memorizing these opinions . Because of that Dr. Iz aldeen Ismaeel claims that the process of shedding light on al Ma’ari and criticizing him must be fulfiled by those who have special abilities and qualities represented by culture , mood and good ability to analyze in order to be able to recognize his accurate way of writing which makes him specialized and creative in using the unusual words and expressions of the orations and the poetry of the Arabs . The researcher concluded from this research , that Al Ma’ari was concerned with analyzing the text to approach the best figure in syntax and morphology , and this is one conclusion from those who are obtained from this research

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Article
المداخل الاساسية لبناء وقياس منظمات الاداء العاليدراسة تطبيقية في دائرة البعثات والعلاقات الثقافية – وزارة التعليم العاليوالبحث العلمي

المؤلفون: عزام عبد الوهاب عبد الكريم
الصفحات: 85-104
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الخلاصة

As the world markets are expanding and the products and services among various markets are transferring fast, the completion increased to make the work reality more complicated and presence and lasting of the organization were subject to performance level and capability to find a status in the market through offering what persuades customs and meets their needs of high quality products and services. Therefore, the organizations were devoted to substitute the traditional administrative techniques with other modern ones which are going to be helpful for distinction and transferring from regular performance to a high quality one. Thus, the high performance of the organization and its techniques of measuring performance have got the same importance. The organizations launched to measure their performance periodically because of its importance to identify the powerful and weak spots in the organization's performance. Consequently, the organization would be able to assess the powerful spots to outburst upward and come over the weak spots. Accordingly, the establishing of high performance organizations and measuring their performance have got a great importance by researches and theorists in management science through submitting important researches and studies in this field which this research is a part of them

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Article
Effect of Lawsonia inermis leaves extracts on thefungus Rhizoctonia solani
تأثير مستخلص أوراق نبات الحناء Lawsonia inermis على فطــرRhizoctonia solani

المؤلفون: سارا حمود عبد الأمير
الصفحات: 85-89
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الخلاصة

We studied the effect of Acetate and ethyl Lawsonia leaves extracts on growth of the fungus Rhizoctonia solani which caused disease to the plant , the Lawsonia showed high inhibition activity on this fungus at all the concentrations and the effect increased with increased the concentrations .Three concentrations used (8,10,12) mg/ml , the concentration 12 mg / ml was superior on the concentrations (8,10) mg / ml this concentration showed completely inhibition in growth of this fungus and the inhibition percentage was 100 % . So the inhibition percentage increased with increased the concentrations and the average of colony growth reduced .

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Article
Synthesis and Characterization of Fe(II),Cd(II),Hg(II) and Ag (I) complexes with 2-Thiotolylurea Ligand.
تحضير وتشخيص معقدات الحديد (II) والكادميوم (II) والزئبق (II) والفضة (I) مع ليكاند 2- ثايوتوليل يوريا

المؤلفون: عامر جبار جراد
الصفحات: 86-92
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الخلاصة

Complexes reaction of Fe+2, Cd+2, Hg+2 and Ag+ with the 2-thiotolylurea were prepared in ethanolic medium with the (1:1) M:L ratio yielded a series of neutral complexes. The prepared complexes were characterized using flame atomic absorption, micoelemental analysis (C.H.N), chloride content (Mohr Method) , FT.IR and UV-Vis spectroscopic, as well as magnetic susceptibility and conductivity measurement. From the above data, the proposed molecular structure for Fe+2, Cd+2 and Hg+2 complexes are tetrahedral geometry while Ag+ complex is trigonal structure

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Article
Determination of Hospital efficiency by using fuzzy logic
تحديد كفاءة المستشفــــى باستخدام المنطـق المضـــــــبب

المؤلفون: شيماء ابراهيم جبار
الصفحات: 90-97
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الخلاصة

A medical performance of the highest level has become the most important purpose of any civilizes country. In future plans, the new approach make the hospital take apart in the life of all population, apart from medical service , medical research & higher education program, vaccinations program & monitoring program in the social service in the country. In this paper, we introduce a new idea depend on the fuzzy logic technology to determine the hospital efficiency & efface of our work in the possibilities of making this production apart from the work of our medical institution.

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Article
Descriptive Study of Oral Health Status of College of Health & Medical Technology Students in Baghdad.

المؤلفون: Sukaina Dhari Ali --- Nihad Hasan Mohammed --- Raya Mohammed Jawad
الصفحات: 93-112
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الخلاصة

Background: Health auxiliary personnel have an important role in oral health promotion when they graduate and start working in the health care system. This study aims to find out oral health knowledge and oral health behavior of male and female health in the College of Health and Medical Technology. The aim of this study: was to evaluate oral health and hygiene habits of the students of Iraqi College of Health and Medical technology depending on the subject of the study. Methods: A questionnaire was distributed to all students at the male and female health in the College of Health and Medical Technology in Iraq (No = 116) during the academic year (2009-2010). The questions consisted information of the general background, oral health behavior and oral health knowledge. Results: When the additive knowledge summary variable was analyzed according to different independent variables, only a few associations were detected. All tested examination indicated non-significant difference except for mouth wash/ week tested have a significant differences between the two departments (Dental and Optical department). Conclusions: It can be concluded that oral health assessment between the two departments including (Dental and Optical) departments have non-significant differences between males and females except for mouth/ wash test that indicated a significant difference between the two departments.

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Article
First record for the fungus Fusarium proliferatum (Matsush.)Nirenberg on Date palm in Babylon governorate
تسجيل اول للفطر Fusarium proliferatum (Matsush.)Nirenberg في نخيل محافظة بابل

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الخلاصة

This study was carried out to detect the pathogen of Date palm decline and death phenomenon in the Jerfalsaker ,Al-mesaeb and Al-hashimea in the Babylon governorate which showed symptoms similar to that caused by the fungus Fusarium oxysporium the cause of wilt disease . Results of isolation and identification showed the existence of a single fungus in all the samples which is Fusarium proliferatum and this regard the first record of the species in Date palm in Iraq .Culture characteristic of the fungus revealed abundant floccose aerial mycelium ,initially is white but become purple –violet with age : Sporodochia present as discrete entities or nearly confluent over portions of the colony , the fungal morphology characterized by forming Macroconidia with curved apical cell and have 3-5 transverse septa, the Microconidia formed on the mycelium with 0-septate and found in chains or aggregates in false heads with a few Microconidia .Results of the pathogenicity test showed that the three isolates were pathogenic for the Date palm , they revealed 60-70 % disease severity in 60 days old Date palm seedlings compared with 0% in the control treatment. Results of treatment of the three isolates showed that two isolates F.p3 and F.p2 gave the highest disease severity in the 50,75, and 100% filtrate concentration ,the disease severity in their treatments was 60,73.3 and 93.3% for the two isolates respectively compared with the 0% in the control treatment.

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Article
Study the Effect of elliptical Aperture on Intensity Distribution of Bar Object Image
دراسة تأثير الفتحة البيضوية المعاقة على توزيع الشدة في صورة جسم على شكل شق

المؤلفون: أزهر عبد الزهرة رحيم --- قاسم حسن عبيد
الصفحات: 103-113
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الخلاصة

In this research the effect of elliptical aperture shape changing dimensional on distribution of intensity in the image of an object shaped bar has been studied by the adoption of different values of along the major axis of the elliptical aperture (a=1,2,3,4) of the ideal optical systems (free aberration), and which contains focus error (w20=0.25λ), were also the effect of obstruction the central part of the elliptical aperture has been studied on the distribution of intensity to the image of bar object, the different values of obstruction ratio have been taken (ε =0.25,0.5,0.75), The results showed that increasing of the major axis length of the elliptical aperture and increase of obstruction ratio work to increase the central intensity and sharpness of the image for the ideal optical systems, on the other hand if the optical system contains focus error the increase of obstruction ratio and the major axis length lead to decrease the central intensity in the image and increase its disfiguration .

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Article
زرارة بن اعين ت 150هـ / 767مسيرته وأثره العلمي

المؤلفون: كوثر حسن هندي التميمي
الصفحات: 105-114
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الخلاصة

In this research we can discover and see the great effect of the friendsof the prophet Mohammed (God prays upon him) in presented agreat support for him . They trens frrred speeches said by the prophet Mohammed and AL-Sunna AL-Nabawya Al – sharifa Zurara Bin Aayon was one of the friends of the prophet . He has agreat effect in standing beside those whom he lived with them, they were AL-Emam Mohammed AL-Baqir and jaafer Bin Mohammed AL-Sadiq (peace upon them ). In the period hn which the Islamic state was suffered in the age there was agreat chaos and confusions of thoughts and beliefs gradually there were teams began to spread their bad thoughts to destroy the Islamic religion but the role of AL-ALbeits school was very great to stand against these bad thoughts through scientific staffs which able to be face to face with these bad thoughts . Fhnally Zarara was one of these scientific staffs .He was planted in the society by AL-Emam AL-Baqir (peace upon him)through transferring their stories to the society . IN addition Zarara was ascholar apoet and as one who gave aleagal decisions or opinions in several religions requests because he was very close to AL-Albeit (peace upon them) and some of his sons and friend educated by him and transferred the stories about him

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Article
On The Smarandache Semigroups
حول أشباه زمر سماراندش

المؤلفون: sajda Kadhum Mohammed
الصفحات: 113-122
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الخلاصة

We discusse in this paper a Smarandache semigroups , a Smarandache normal subgroups and a Smarandache lagrange semigroup.We prove some results about it and prove that the Smarandache semigroup with multiplication modulo pn where p is a prime has the subgroup of order pn-pn-1and we prove that if p is an odd prime then is a Smarandache weakly Lagrange semigruop and if p is an even prime then is a Smarandache Lagrange semigruop

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Article
MEASURING THE LEAF AREA OF ROSE PLANT ROSA sp BY USING DIFFERENT REGRESSION EQUATIONS.
قياس المساحة الورقية لنبات الورد( الروز) Rosa sp بأستخدام معادلات انحدار مختلفة

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الخلاصة

The research targeted to find relationships of measured rose ( Rosa sp )bush, climbing and dwarf rose leaf area with length or width or length + width by applying linear regression equations yˆ= a+ bx or multiple linear regression with two independent variables yˆ= a+b1x1+b2x2 using length with width. The samples of bush rose leaves 162 leaves,412 leaves for climbing rose and 423 leaves for dwarf rose then all leaves of roses were scanned .The length, width and area of the leaves were determined using Digmizer Image Software version 3.7 after installed it on computer ,leaves length ranged from (1.32- 8.53)cm for bush rose and leaves width ranged from(0.39 – 6.03)cm and leaf area ranged from (0.28 – 33.68)cm ,for climbing rose leaves length ranged from(1- 6.90)cm ,leaves width(0.39- 5.43)cm and leaf area( 0.29- 8.84)cm for dwarf rose leaves length ranged from (0.60- 3.23)cm,leaves width( 0.29- 1.91)cm and the leaf area(0.22- 4.05)cm.Results showed that application of linear regression equation for leaf area using leaf length resulted an R2 for bush rose 0.93**,climbing rose 0.87** and for dwarf rose 0.81**, applying with width an R2 value decreased for climbing rose 0.73** while increased for both dwarf and bush rose 0.86** and 0.94**. Applying length + width R2 increased for bush, climbing and dwarf rose 0.96**, 0.93** and 0.91** .When using multiple regression equation there was no appreciable changes in R2compared with R2 resulted from using( length + width).Accordingly, it has been recommended that measuring ( length + width) and applying either of the following equations for bush rose [yˆ = - 4.38+1.769(x) (length +width) ( R2 = 0.96**), or yˆ= -4.302+1.420(L)+2.284(W) ( length + width) ( R2 = 0.96**)],for climbing rose applying either of the following equation[ yˆ = - 1.29+0.838 (x) (length + width) (R2 = 0.93**) or yˆ= -1.44+0.944 (L)+0.697 (W) (length + width) ( R2 = 0.93** ) and applying equation yˆ= -1.25+0.606 (L)+1.443 (W) ( length + width) ( R2 = 0.93**) ] for the rose plant leaf area .

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Article
Phenomenon of military in versions and taking the dominance in turkey from 1960 – 1980
ظاهرة الإنقلابات العسكرية والإستيلاء على السلطة في تركيا 1960م – 1980م

المؤلفون: علي حمزه سلمان الحسناوي
الصفحات: 115-126
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الخلاصة

The modern republic of Turkey was established in November 1922 . after the second world war it was linked with the American military bases net . and because that , it became Submitted to the west Politic directions and thus , the republic of Turkey was became lashing its dominance . and donate it's freedom and destroy its relationships with the Islamic Arabian , environment especially after it's forgiven about the Israel in 1949 . After the period of 1950 – 1960 , The republic of Turkey was dusting wished by Politic of the one regulation rule which was the regulation that was established by Jalal Bayar and Adnan Mendres . Bad economic and Sociality events and illegal politic were considered the most ambiguous object in Turkey be for the taking place of any military inversion and as a result to those bad events the dies submitting by the population against the government politic was become increased in form which was throated the advantages of the Berjewaze layer . which govered that state. these environment led to supplement between the Berjewaze layer and military forces which linked with it by economic advantage and directed it to move and destroy any try in its initiations . Daring the period between 1960 – 1980 three military inversion was took place in Turkey and the resistance by the Army against the politic regulations was the one from the reasons of these inversions by rasiy it's aim a bout it's responsibility to saving and defend once about the republic and national principles and to prevent the Continuity of violent in regulations struggle and all that led to a group of problems to had been found which one create the modern Turkey which can be distiryuished from the other world countries by the independence of the Turkey military establishment from the politic establishment control which directed by the national Turkey scone congers and by the virtue of that the military establishment is become have the legality in surveillance the politic establishment and the inter France immediately when the military headers one feeling in the for any of the regulation headers from the Turkey arrangement and as a result to this principles we can observe that the military inversions in Turkey dairy the period that we previously showed it was became regulated arrange about one in every ten years fun the sixties earlier the yet the eighties earlier .

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Article
Study of growth characters, Yield, its components, and Genetic parameter for many genotypes of Rice(Oryza sativa L.)
دراسة صفات النمو و الحاصل ومكوناته وبعض المعالم الوراثية لعدة تراكيب وراثية من الرز (Oryza sativa L.)

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الخلاصة

A field experiments were carried out at Almushkab Rice Researchs station during 2007 to study the genetic parameters, growth, yield and its components for many rice genotypes. The design was (RCBD) in three replicates .The statistical analysis Genotypes showed highly significal difference in all characters studied. Cenotype CNT 33 gave the highest paddy yield, weight 1000 grain, and number of days from sowing to maturity at 10.09 T/h, 24.0 gm, 139 days while Genotype (T85) gave the highest number of panicles/m2 at 383.67 p/m2. While Genotype H52 gave the highest number of grain / panicle, panicle length at 187.62 grains, 24.33 cm respectively. Genetypes BT7 gave the highest plant height at 100.33 cm while Genotype VD20 gave the highest in number of day from sowing at 50% Anthesis. Number of panicle /m2, number of grain / panicle, plant height gave highest phenotypical and genotypical variability at (3127.59, 710.32, and 75.44) (1211.68, 662.77 and 64.02) respectively. Heritability in broad sense around (30.00-99.07%) for panicle length, number of days from sowing to 50% Anthesis

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Article
Antagonism activity of citrus fruit juices on some pathogenic bacteria
الفعالية التضادية لثمار الحمضيات Citrus fruit juice كمضادات حيوية لبعض أنواع البكتريا

المؤلفون: Zahra Muhsin Ali
الصفحات: 123-128
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الخلاصة

An experiment was conducted in the Biological Dep. College of Science, Kufa University to determine the antagonism activity of Lemon and Lime juices against some bacteria e.g. Esherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumonia, and Shigella flexneri. Results of this experiment revealed that all juices concentrations have inhibiting effects against bacteria due to the presence of citric acid and some volatile oils e.g.(lamonine) and some materials e.g. linalyl acetate, linalool, turpinol and cymen. Results also showed a reduction in the value of pH. Both juices from lemon and lime were found to be responsible for inhibiting the studied bacterial growth parameters with inhibition zone ranging from 8-29 mm. Mean while, there were significant differences between the two juices towards the inhibition of tested bacterial effects. The antagonism effects of these two juices were compared with the antagonism effects for some antibiotics. The isolated bacteria were resistant to the most antibiotics except, for Ciprofloxacin, Gentamicin, Chloramphenicol and Cefotaxime. The tested inhibition zone bacteria were 25-30 mm Ciprofloxacin and Chloramphenicol, respectively, compared with the inhibition zone that ranging from 5-29 mm and 25 mm for lemon and lime juices, respectively. The experiment proved that citrus fruit juices were more effective than antibiotics in bacteria growth inhibition. These results were encouraging to prepare special pharmacological formulas from citrus fruit juices.

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Article
Building A Computer Aided System to Analyze Failure Data of Detergents Production Line
بناء نظام معان بالحاسوب لتحليل بيانات اعطال خط انتاجالمنظفات

المؤلفون: بتول ابراهيم جميل --- سوسن صبيح عبد علي
الصفحات: 127-137
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الخلاصة

Successes and continuity of most companies are based on competition in many aspects such as production efficiency and quality which help in industrial progress. To achieve this, care must be taken to protect machines and equipment from sudden breakdown which will cause many problems that require an accurate planning based on scientific techniques faraway from randomness. These techniques are mainly theories and statistical methods which in determining the type breakdown in machines and their parts. An example of these techniques is Pareto chart which shows the critical parts that cause breakdown. This chart was applied in this study to determine critical parts in the detergents production line. Weibull distribution parameters are applied to for analyse failure data for each machine in order to determine the proper actions to prevent failures. This study shows that the critical parts in the detergents production line are: The conveyor belt, agitator 1, agitator 2 and impeller.

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Article
دور الدعم والثقة القيادية في بناء الالتزام التنظيمي للعامليندراسة استطلاعية لآراء عينة من موظفي المديرية العامة لتربية كربلاء

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الخلاصة

This paper investigates the role of trust and support of leadership in building of employees' commitment. The data were collected in a sample of employees of general office for education at Karballa province. The results show that supervisor trust and leadership support are positively related and affected to organizational commitment. Many of statistical tools were used in this research, as Chronbac Alfa, Confirmatory Factor Analysis, means, standard deviations, Pearson correlation coefficients, and multi regression analysis. At the end, conclusions and recommendations were showed and discussed

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Article
The ratio of benign and malignant cases of hysterectomy in Najaf governorate according to age-group of patients

المؤلفون: Kifah J.sh. alyaqubi (MSc)
الصفحات: 129-139
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الخلاصة

The study objected to analyze statistically the causes of hysterectomy from the results of histopathological diagnosis. In the period from January 2007 to July 2008, 125 case of hysterectomy patients women were collected from the many private clinical laboratory in Najaf governorate. All cases were classified, according to histopatological diagnosis in to two group of tumor (benign & malignant). The age range of patients from 20 to 79 years. A total of 125 cases were included, 113 (90.4%) patients with benign conditions represented by clinical diagnosis , Leiomyoma, was considered the most common cases 65(52%) from the total percentage of benign conditions 113(90.4%), this ratio among women between age (29-50) years. Adenomyosis, 23(18.4%) among women between age (38-50) years. Endometrial hyperplasia & Endomaterial polyp 20 (16%) among women between age (30-70) years , and other conditions such Ovarian cyst 3(2.4%) and hormonal imbalance with bleeding 2(1.6%) among women between age (40-50) years. A group of 12(9.6%) patients with malignant conditions represented; cervix cancer (well-moderately differentiation squamous cell carcinoma) 5(4%) among women between age (50-55) years, well differentiation Adenocarcinoma 4(3.2%) among women between age (45-50) years, Endometrial carcinoma 2(1.6%) among women between age (50-60) years, well differentiation leiomyosarcoma 1(0.8%) among women age 35 years. The most common indication of hysterectomy is benign condition and less malignant . among women less than 50 years old often associated with hysterectomy .but in the malignant more than 50 years old. The conclusion summarized by the rate of hysterectomy differed by age, geographic region and causes of hysterectomy .

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Article
Study of phagocytosis activity in tuberculosis patients
دراسة فعالية البلعمة الخلوية لدى المصابين بالتدرن

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الخلاصة

This study was carried out during the period from December 2008 until June 2009 for detection and evaluated the non-specific immune response against Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection , the average number of active cell in phagocytosis killing yeast after 15 minutes for control group (%40.25),this average was increased in primary tuberculosis patients to reach (%61.64) . Thise increase was significant as compared the control group and secondary tuberculosis patients (%45.09).This average continue in increase after 30,45 minutes in the same primary tuberculosis patients to reach (%64.06 , %66.24) respectively as compared with the control group (%43.75, %42.95) respectively and those increase was significant . Those average recorder highest increase in primary infection patients (%68.53) after 60 minutes as compared with (%47.75 , %41.73) for the same time of control sample and secondary patients and those increase was significant also .

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Article
تأثير مثبط تكوين الكايتين Cascade في معاملة بيض الذباب المنزلي (Diptera : Muscidae) Musca domestica L.

المؤلفون: هبة حســــــــــين --- رافد عباس العيسى
الصفحات: 138-146
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الخلاصة

The current research aimed to study the effect of chitin synthesis inhibitors (Cascade), which contains the active ingredient flufenoxuron (10% DC) in the treatment of eggs of house flies Musca domestica L. Certain biological aspects and reproduction when treated with three different situations: 1 - Treatment of eggs and the nutrient media, 2 - Treatment of eggs and then transported to the media, 3 - treatment the media and transferred to eggs. The results showed that the use of concentrations 20 and 25 mg / L, the percentage of hatched eggs decreased significantly on the first and second situations and the follow-up effect of chitin synthesis inhibitors in mortalites that followed the treated stage untile emergence showed the first instar larvae that produced from egg treated for concentrations listed above and the cases of treatment referred to the first and third lost during this stage and therefore the percentage of inhibition of emergence was 100% compared with 29.21, 40.72% for the concentrations of the same at the time of the transaction the second (treatment of eggs alone) that all individuals emergence from different treatments The productivity of eggs is lower than that the treatment comparison, and that high concentrations of the article led to a decrease in the percentage of eggs to hatch and the results indicated the chitin synthesis inhibitors impact on the average length of growth stage, the amount of which increased this period increased concentrations used, for mature individuals, the average age of adult decreased with increasing concentrations of knowing that when you make the second treatment (treatment of eggs alone) do not configure chitin synthesis inhibitors significantly affected the duration of the growth of immature stages as well as the emerging adult ages.

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Article
فحولــة شـــــــعر الصعاليك(سلطة نص أم نص سلطة)

المؤلفون: نبراس هاشم ياس
الصفحات: 145-152
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الخلاصة

Dialectical relationship between language and culture is the base engine in the evolution of society, Marx said society can remove all the trouble from his community by deleted all the bad words. that is mean change language ,so it became necessary to study the culture and language together, but the culture is not mean a narrow idiom, It is expanded to include three kind ,counter culture ,subculture and fring culture. And studies that verify this Consolidation is cultural criticism, it did not consider the text from the aesthetic part, and does not seek to assess, but under consideration in its relations with ideologies and influences of historical and political, social, economic, intellectual and analysis .It should be noted that all the letters included in the field cultural criticism .in this way cultural criticism Get rid of selectivity between elite and popular . This research is an attempt to read a single vital in our poetry (al fohola) its mean Rejected the other . in a dissenting class and (poor)group(Al Salleak) in the era dating as the beginning of civilization: (Umayy age) We tried to read (al fohola) objectively as one of the structures inherent in the Arab mind . and when the authority tried to alive and sent (al fohola) again it is turned against authority itself and destroyed it by the opposition which is adopted (al fohola) itself…that is mean: When any authority missed the kinetic conflict constructively with the opposition it was broken and faded, and this may be one factor in the short life of the Umayy dynasty and erasing early .

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Article
Level Excitation and Transition Probabilities of Some Nuclei in the Lower fp-Shell

المؤلفون: Kalid S. JASSIM --- Fouad A. MAJEED
الصفحات: 145-152
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الخلاصة

Unrestricted shell model calculations in the lower fp-shell region for the nuclei 46Ti, 46Cr and 46V have been performed for the isovector T=1 positive parity states using the shell model code OXBASH for Windows by employing the effective interactions GXPF1, FPD6 and KB3G. The level schemes and transition strengths B(E2;) are compared with the recently available experimental data. Better agreement was obtained in comparison with the experimental data and the previous theoretical work for all nuclei under study.

الكلمات الدلالية

Energy levels --- Transition probabilities --- Large-scale shell model


Article
Heat Transferred Reduction From Concrete Roofs Building By Using Many Suggestive Economical Roofs .(Economical Analysis & Experimental Study)
تقليل التسرب الحراري من سقوف الابنية باقتراح عدة بدائل اقتصادية(تحليل اقتصادي ودراسة تجريبية)

المؤلفون: عماد راغـــب --- عاطف علي حسن
الصفحات: 147-158
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الخلاصة

The determination of the best (economical) types from many types of suggestive ceiling insteads of common concrete, (high thermal conductivity & heavy, it's consumed large quantities of raw materials and it's have also much built time) which it is used in Iraqi construction roofs, is explained, in regard to the recommendation based of the criteria of maximum reduction in total cost. Sixteen roofs were also included in the study, which was carried out at Baghdad city (latitude 33.2N) it is assumed that the air-conditioning process is performed by electricity . The researchers found that , the most economical roof is concrete with 25mm & 50mm thermal insulating materials, but it very heavy, while, longitudinal concrete beams and hollow block concrete as a filling materials between beams have good reduction in total cost and also has decreased the built time and weight, while uncommon roof, sandwich panal have also good economics and very light and low builts time.


Article
Investigation of bacterial contamination in Iraqi paper currency

المؤلفون: Inaam J.AL-Abbasi
الصفحات: 153-157
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الخلاصة

The objective of this study was to examine the extent of bacterial contamination of the most used denominations of the Iraqi currency. A total of (160) isolates (112) were gram positive bacteria and (48) were gram negative bacteria has been isolated from different denominations (250, 1000, 5000, 10000 and 25000 ID) in circulation in AL-Najaf city which collected from different local markets. The results had shown the most predominant bacteria was Bacillus sp. with 41.2% and the small denominations were more contaminated, there where statistically significant association between the source of collection and bacterial type. The antibiotic susceptibility was doing with 7 types of antibiotics disc (Gentamicin, Azithromycin, Trimethoprim, Cephalothin, Cefotaxime, Lincomycin and Clarithromycin ). The most bacteria were resistant to lincomycin antibiotic.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Artificial Neural Networks Based Modeling of the ReverseOsmosis Process Performance
دراسة نمذجة أداء عملية التناضح العكسي باعتماد الشبكات العصبية الاصطناعية

المؤلفون: Asseel Majid Rasheed
الصفحات: 158-176
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الخلاصة

This investigation presents a methodology and practical guidelines for developing predictive models for reverse osmosis plants by a data-based approach using neural networks based on the back-propagation algorithm. This study utilizes actual operating data from reverse osmosis (RO) desalination plants. Our resulting neural network model is capable of accurately predicting the actual operating data from RO desalination plants, but the accuracy of a neural network model depends on both the proper selection of input variables and the broad range of data with which the network is trained. A neural network model can handle noisy data more effectively than statistical regression and performs better in predicting the performance variables of RO desalination plants. Permeate flux and salt passage are the key performance parameters. They are mainly influenced by variable parameters such as pressure, temperature, salt concentration, feed flow rate and pH of feed water. When the temperature of feed water is increased, the permeate flux and salt passage increase and permeate flux increases with decreasing pH and concentration of feed water and increasing pressure. The salt passage decreases with increasing pressure, when the concentration of feed and pH decrease too. When increasing the feed flow rate, the permeate flux and salt passage would be increased. A good agreement prediction is obtained using the ANN predictions and the experimental data with a deviation not more than 2% for most of the cases considered. The ANN interpolative levels (which were not represented in the training phase) is shown to be of lesser quality.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Some Biochemical Parameters And Histological Changes caused by sun set Yellow overload in Neuzland male rabbits.
بعض التغيرات الكيميوحيوية والنسجية المتسببة عن فرط اعطاء اصفر غروب الشمس (Sun Set Yellow) في ذكور الأرانب النيوزلندية.

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الخلاصة

Ten male rabbits were divided into two groups (5/group) , the first group was intubated with tap water and served as control group . Rabbits in the second group were intubated orally with 0.05 mg /kg B.W daily for 12 weeks . Fasting blood samples were collected after each 4 weeks of experiment for measuring some libratory tests in serum of bloods rabbits . The result of this study showed a significant (P<0.05) increase in Total cholesterol (TC) , Triacylglycerol (TAG) , Low density lipoprotein –cholesterol (LDL-C) and Very Low density lipoprotein –cholesterol (VLDL-C) and AST , ALT activities with significant (P<0.05) decrease in High density lipoprotein (HDL-C) and also histological examination showed inflammatory infiltration in the liver section .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Means to support National Electricity Network by improving the efficiency of solar cells and the application process to find outlets in Iraq
وسائل دعم شبكة الكهرباء الوطنية من خلال تحسين كفاءة الخلايا الشمسية وإيجاد منافذ تطبيق عملية لها في العراق

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الخلاصة

This research addresses the subject of great importance, which is the possibility of improving the use and exploitation of solar energy in Iraq. If we know that Iraq of the richest countries of the world level and the amount of solar energy falling upon most of its territory and throughout the days and months of the year. Therefore, in this paper we focus on developing methods to improve the efficiency of solar cells used in solar energy system to generate electricity in two important issues, first, how to manufacture solar cell and secondly, how to focus solar radiation for maximum power and the least possible area of solar cells, on the one hand and, on the other ,which is no less important than the first and outlets is the possibility of finding new applications and appropriate utilization of solar energy and for various uses. This effort is directly take a service of the national electrical grid through the appropriate use of alternative and if a small percentage can be increased and developed in the nearly future.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
SOLVABILITY OF THE OPERATOR MATRIX OF VOLTERRA INTEGRAL EQUATIONS OF THE FIRST KIND
قابلية حل مؤثر المصفوفة لمعادلات فولتيرا التكاملية من النوع الاول

المؤلفون: Bushra Kadum Awaad
الصفحات: 177-182
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الخلاصة

In this paper, we have presented and discussed an algorithm for analytical method to solve matrix of linear and nonlinear systems of Volterra integral equations of the first kind. Algorithm of the analytical method for the system based on the Laplace transform and generalized inverse. The proposed algorithm has been applied in example to demonstrate the efficiency and simplicity of the algorithm.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Effect of Nitrogen and Phosphate Fertilizers on the properties of vegetative growth and aromatical oil yield ofLocal mint (Mentha spicata L.)
تأثير التسميد النتروجيني والفوسفاتي على صفات النمو الخضري وحاصل الزيت العطري لنبات النعناع المحلي Mentha spicata L.

المؤلفون: جمال احمد عباس
الصفحات: 182-186
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الخلاصة

A field experiment was conducted in the season of 2005-2006 in a private farm in Najaf province. The aim was to investigate four mixtures of nitrogen and phosphate fertilizers i.e. (0, 100 kg N.ha-1, 150 kg P2O5.ha-1, and 100 kg N.ha-1 + 150 kg P2O5.ha-1) on vegetative growth properties and oil yield of local mint. A simple experiment was performed using Completely Randomized Design (C.R.D.) with three replications. The means were compared according to L.S.D. (Least significant Difference) at 0.05 probability level. Results showed that the nitrogen and phosphate fertilizers improved the vegetative growth properties (plant height, number of leaves and branches, vegetative yield (ton.ha-1) and total chlorophyll content in leaves). Oil yield increased significantly compared with non-fertilized plants. The fertilized plant with (100 kg N.ha-1 + 150 kg P2O5.ha-1) gave the highest parameters, such as plant height (64.26 cm), number of branches (8.36 branch.plant-1), vegetative yield (10.44 ton.ha-1) and total chlorophyll (7.01 mg.100 g-1 fresh weight). In addition to that there was a significant increase in oil yield to (53.72 kg.ha-1) as compared with non-fertilized plants which gave the least vegetative parameters and less oil yield (46.71 kg.ha-1). The conclusion of this experiment it is useful to use nitrogen and phosphate fertilizers together to improved the vegetative growth, and oil yield of the local mint plant.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Calculation of the Compton (Incoherent) and Rayleigh (Coherent) Differential Cross sections of Scattering for Vanadium 51V23, Cobalt 59Co27 and Nickel 59Ni28 by employing CSC model.
حساب مساحة المقطع العرضي التفاضلي لاستطارتي كومبتن (غير المتشاكهه ) ورايلي ( المتشاكه ) لعناصر الفناديوم 51V23و الكوبالت59Co27 والنيكل59Ni28 باستخدام نموذج CSC .

المؤلفون: Sabah Mahmoud Amman Alla
الصفحات: 183-192
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الخلاصة

In this work, the differential cross section for the elements 51V23 , 59Co27 and 59Ni28 has been calculated by using the Mathematical Model named Cross Section Calculations (CSC) .Based on the programming the Klein-Nashina and Rayleigh Equations, atomic form factors as well as the coherent Functions in Fortran90 language Machine proved very fast an accurate results to certain extent and the possibility of application of such model to obtain the total coefficient for any elements or compounds.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Interventional study of behavior of the Sucrose in caffeine solution at different temperatures
دراسة السلوك ألتداخلي للسكروز في محلول الكافيين عند درجات حرارة مختلفة

المؤلفون: احمد محمد عباس الجبوري
الصفحات: 187-195
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الخلاصة

The study includes measurements of density( ) and viscosity (η ) of sucrose solution of different concentrations ( range 0.02-0.1) mol . L-1 in 5% caffeine solutions at different temperatures (293.15, 298.15, 303.15, 308.15) K. from the density measurements it was calculated Apparent Molal Volumes ( ) and from this value were calculated Limiting Apparent Molal Volume( ) and the Experimental slop( ) , transition volumes ( ) for sucrose from water to 5% caffeine solution. From applying of Jones and dole equation of viscosity values it was calculated ( A) and( B) factors which indicate the strong solute – solvent interaction and weak solute – solute interaction .this results confirmed that the addition of sucrose to 5% caffeine solution is from Solvent Structure Maker type, which was confirmed by the thermodynamic functions values of the system

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Nonlinear Finite Elements Modeling of HybridReinforced Concrete Beams
التمثيــل اللاخطــي بالعناصـــر المحـــددة للعتبــاتالخرسانيــة المسلــحة المهجنــة

المؤلفون: شـذى صـاحب كـريم --- أكـرم شاكـر محمـود
الصفحات: 193-202
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الخلاصة

This paper presents results from a nonlinear finite element analysis of hybrid reinforced concrete rectangular section beams. The concept of hybrid R.C. concrete structures was applied by many designers for use in constructions of bridge superstructures. Although the steel reinforcement is often modeled as a linear-elastic material until failure, the linear finite element analysis could not predict the behavior of the R.C. concrete beams model up to failure. Results from material tests and loading tests of beams model indicated that the nonlinearity of concrete should be considered to predict the failure modes. In this study, an effort was made to implement a rate-independent plasticity model, which describes a constitutive model of concrete types (Normal and High Strength Concrete), in a finite element code. Results obtained from the numerical analysis showed a good correlation with the experimental results.


Article
A Flow Injection Chemiluminescences(FL-CL)Method for Determination of Diclofenac sodium(Voltaren) and Ethambutol HCl as Active ingredient and as pharmaceutical preparations
استخدام تقنية الحقن الجرياني المقترن بالبريق الكيميائي لتقدير عقاري الفولتارين والايثاموبيوتول كمواد فعالة وكتركيبات صيدلانية

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الخلاصة

Chemilumescences method was based on inhibition the chemilumescence of luminol-hydrogen peroxide system catalyzed by cobalt ion Co+2 which produces a blue luminescence .In the presence of drugs, cobalt ion(II) reacts immediately with drugs forming inactive complex preventing the catalytic effect of cobalt(II)ion. In this case an inhibition of the (CL) occurs which is proportional to the amount of the drug added. Optimum conditions obtained as follow: acidity of Co+2 (5×10-3 M), concentration of Co+2(0.7µg/ml), concentration of luminol(5×10-4 M), concentration of H2O2(1×10-2 M), volume of Co+2 ( 200µl), flow-rate (3.0 ml/min). The investigate material show no interference effect on the determination of studied drugs, thus the method of direct calibration graph was applied. The linearity of this method for the determination of D.S, ET drugs were in the range(0.985-8.904) (0.990-5.812) (µg/ml, with relative standard deviation RSD% (0.463 , 0.781 %) and detection limits (0.420 , 0.321)µg/ml respectively .The method was applied successfully for the determination of D.S, ET in pharmaceutical preparations with recovery values of 98.480% , 97.510 % respectively .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Effect of Caffeine on some Transferase Enzymes Activities
تأثير الكافائين على فعاليات بعض انزيمات الترانس فريز

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الخلاصة

This study was designed to show the effects of caffeine on the activities of aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine amino transferase (ALT), gama glutamate transferase (γ-GT) enzymes in the sera. Caffeine demonstrated activation on (AST) and (ALT) activities, inhibitory effects on the (γ-GT) activity, and these effects increased with increasing the concentration of the compound. Kinetic properties of (AST) and (ALT) activities revealed (by caffeine) non-competitive type of activation, and of (γ-GT) activity competitive inhibitors

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
The effect of soil texture and nutrient solution "Unigreen" on the nutritional status of maize plant ( Zea mays L .)
تأثير نسجة التربة وتركيز المحلول المغذي "Unigreen" في الحالة الغذائية لنبات الذرة الصفراء ( Zea mays L .)

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الخلاصة

An experiment was conducted from march 19th to April , 20th , 2008 in order to study the influence of soil texture (sandy or clay) and 3 concentrations of the nutrient solution "Unigreen" (i.e 0.5 , 1.0 , and 2.0) ml/l on the nutritional status of maize plant . A completely randomized design (C. R. D.) with 3 replicates and means were compared using (L . S . D .) at 0.05 probability level . Results could be summarized as follow : 1- Nitrogen and phosphorus concs . were markedly increased in roots and shoots of plants grown in sandy soil . On the other hand , K conc . and the content in the shoot as well as its rates of transport and absorption were significantly higher in plants grown in a clay soil . 2- The highest nutrient solution conc. gave a pronounced increase of N conc. in roots and shoots as well as its rate of transport . 3- The interaction between the soil texture and the nutrient solution significantly affected the nutritional status . Higher rate of transport of N was obtained from plants grown in the clay soil and 2 ml/l of the nutrient solution . The same trend was occurred with K rates of transport and absorption . The highest conc. of K in the shoots was associated with plants grown in the clay soil treated with 1 ml/l nutrient solution . Higher concs. and content of P in the shoots were obtained from plants grown in the sandy soil treated with 2 ml/l nutrient solution

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Fabrication reflection holographic grating

المؤلفون: Khawla jemeal tahir
الصفحات: 213-218
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الخلاصة

In this work we fabrication a reflection holographic grating by using dichromated gelatin, To perform that we have to use the Nd-yaG laser doubling frequency of wavelenght (532)nm and its powers of (80)mWatt the diffraction grating of (3100)line/mm and diffraction efficiency of 74% have been obtained.we have studied the graduated effect in development processing and also, effect of a film thickness in the band width

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Spectrophotometric determination of Thiamine.HCl in pharmaceutical preparations using Prussian blue reaction

المؤلفون: Alaa Frak Husssin --- Muneer A.AL Da‘amy --- Abd-almutalb bader manhy Alkhalily
الصفحات: 219-226
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الخلاصة

A simple, sensitive , rapid and accurate spectrophotometric method was developed for the determination of Thiamine.HCl in pharmaceutical preparations and in pure form . The method is based on the reduced Fe(III) salt by Thiamine.HCl to form Fe(II) salt which subsequently react with potassium ferric cyanide forming a soluble Prussian blue dye which has a maximum absorption at λmax 747nm linear calibration graph was in the range of (0.2–14) µg.ml-1 with molar absorptivity of (2.42×103L.mol-1.cm-1) ,a sandall sensitivity of (139.38×10-6 µg.cm-2) , correlation coefficient of 0.999,detaction limit (0.106 µg.ml-1) and the relative standard deviation of RSD%(0.4763). The method was applied successfully for the determination of Thiamine,HCl in pharmaceutical preparations. Recovery was in the range of (97.8–104.4)%. The proposed method can be carried out at 40°c temperature with no need for solvent extraction step or pH control.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Study of some biochemical trials of blood in maleColumba- Liviafor donated to different level of water.
دراسة بعض معايير الدم الكيميوحيوية لذكورالحمام Columba -Livia عند إعطائها كميات من ماء الشرب بمستويات مختلفة

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الخلاصة

Three groups of pigeon columba-livia pigeon donated to different level of water, the group consist of ( 7 ) from mail pigion . the aim of study now the effect of drinking water in diffrent rangs 25%,50%,75% on som biochemical trials for blood total cholesterol (TCH), triglyseride (TG), lipoprotein that consist of high density lipoprotein (HDL ), low density lipoprotein(LDL), and very low density lipoprotein (VLDL),the results refersto significant decrcase in all biochemical trial75%from drinking water while there is no significant effect in 25%,50% that leads to bird have effect means to keep body water.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Prevalence of parasitic helminths among sheep and goats in south of Baghdad
مدى انتشار الديدان الطفيلية (Helminths ) بين الأغنام والماعزجنوب بغداد

المؤلفون: حسام حسين عليوي --- جواد كاظم علي
الصفحات: 224-227
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الخلاصة

In this study, faecal samples of a total of 84 sheep and 50 goats were examined, to detect the prevalence of lung worms , liver flucks and gastrointestinal parasites , for the period from the first of June 2008 to the end of May2009.From a total of 84 faecal samples of sheep , 26 was infected with Dectycaulus fileria,with rate of infection 30.9%, the result above exhibited significant differences on level of P<0.01 between rate of infection in Autumn and Winter which was 40.9%,14.3% respectively and 23 was infected with liver flucks with rate of infection 27.4%, highest rate of infection was in Sumner and lowest was in Autumn which was 35%,22.7% respectively and 24 was infected with gastrointestinal parasites with rate of infection 28.6%, there was significant differences in the rate of infection between Spring and Summer which was 52.4%,15% respectively. From a total of 50 goats, nine was infected with Dectycaulus fileria with rate of infection 18% , 11 was infected with liver flucks with rate of infection 22% and 14 was infected with gastro intestinal parasites with rate of infection 28%.The results exhibited significant differences on level of P<0.01 between rate of infection of lung worms in Autumn which was 38.5% and Spring and Winter that never infection recorded in them and between rate of infection of liver flucks in Summer and Autumn which was 33.3%,15.4% respectively and between rate of infection of gastrointestinal parasites in Spring and Winter which was 58.3%,15.4% respectively. The study also showed significant differences on level of p<0.05 between rate of infection with lung worms between sheep and goats which was 30.9%, 18% respectively.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
تأثير مستويات مختلفة من المعزز الحيوي العراقي (Iraqi Probiotic ; IP) في علائق النعاج العواسية على إنتاج الحليب ونمو الحملان لغاية عمر الفطام

المؤلفون: خضيرعلوان الزبــيدي
الصفحات: 227-282
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الخلاصة

This investigated applied of 24 Awassi ewe and lambs in Al-Safaa Agriculture Foundation (15 km east of Al-Soueira/ Al-Kut). Aim of this study to determine the effect of addition of Iraqi probiotic -IP difference percentage ( 0 , 0.4 and0.8%), of three treatments to diet on milk production (MP) of ewes and body weight (BWT) and total and daily growth (TG and DG) from birth to weaning , and effect of sex of lamb in growth traits. The SAS program was used to study the effect of treatments , sex of lamb in difference traits. Treatment had significant (P<0.05) in MP at all period in this study , except of second week from experimental , treatment advantage of others treatments in MP. Increased of BWT , TG and DG at difference weeks with increased of IP and addition of 0.2 SC. Males surpassed females (significant) in their BWT , TG and DG Conclusion in this investigated , the addition of IP and in diet of Awassi , register increase of MP of ewes and BWT , TG and DG of lambs until weaning , this results give indicator of important of this treatment in increase of production total milk with ratio 26.65% also increasing body weight for lambs with ratio 17.49% finally increase of economic gain


Article
Integration of remote sensing and GIS to produce Land use and Land cover maps for Kerbala city

المؤلفون: Najem A. Najem
الصفحات: 227-236
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الخلاصة

IKONOS satellite image acquired at 1999 with resolution (1)m was used to produce land use and land cover maps for Kerbala city , using Arc-view (version 3.3) program which is one of the GIS programs . Also Erdas program (version 8.4) was used to enhance and uncompress used image to become visually more obvious . Basically visual interpretation and ground truths was depended upon to specify land features appear on image , and then to produce main information layers represented by land use and land cover maps , in addition to drainages , roads , and religious locations layers which in turn represent land use layers. All produced layers were supported with updating database includes information related these layers such as feature’s names , lengths , areas …etc. The study used modified Anderson land use classification to produce the final map of the interest area (95.8 km2). The produced maps can be set with any demand scales . The study also certify the importance of the integration between remote sensing technique and GIS , which represent an active tool to get the best results with less efforts , less coasts , less time and better details.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Study of the pharmaceutical and antibiotic activity ofMyrtus communisSecond: Effect of the hot aqueous extract of Myrtus communis on some histological parameters of adrenal gland and weights of some organs in female albino mice
دراسة الفاعلية الدوائية والتضادية لنبات الآس Myrtus communisثانيا: تأثير المستخلص المائي الحار لنبات الآس في بعض المعايير النسجية للغدة الكظرية وأوزان بعض الاعضاء في اناث الفئران البيض البالغة

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الخلاصة

Ten albino adult females of Balb/C strain mice were used in this study ,hot water extract of Myrtus communis was injected intraperitoneal with concentration 300 µg / kg body weight ,while control animal were injected with normal physiologic saline with same means. Treatment with hot water extract of Myrtus communis revealed significant increase (P<0.05) in average thickness of zona glomerulosa and zona fasciculata, while revealed significant decrease (P<0.05) in average diameter of the adrenal medulla in comparison with control group. There was no a significant effect appeared in average diameter of adrenal gland. Treatment with hot water extract of Myrtus communis caused significant differences in some organs, there were significant increase (P<0.05) in weight for each of liver, adrenal gland, kidney and ovary, while revealed significant decrease (P<0.05) in weight of spleen and uterus .There was no a significant effect appeared in average length of intestines.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Effect of Soil Properties and Water Quality on Growth of Date Palm (Phoenix dactylifera L. c.v. Sair)
تأثير خصائص الترب ونوعية مياه الري في نمو فسائل نخيل التمر Phoenix dactylifera L. صنف ساير

المؤلفون: خيون علي محسن --- ابتهاج حنظل التميمي
الصفحات: 233-242
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الخلاصة

The present study was conducted in three sites of Basrah orchards namely: Abul-Khaseeb, Hartha and Diear, to investigate the effect of soil properties and quality of irrigation water on growth of date palm (c.v. Sair). Results showed that soil properteies had a significant effect on length of Date palm so that highest correlation coefficient was obtained with organic mater, available nitrogen, available phosphorus and available potassium (r = 0.828**) , (r = 0.837**) and (r = 0.850**) respectively. Soil properties had a significant effect on number of leaves, highest correlation coefficient was obtained from organic mater, available nitrogen , available phosphorus and available potassium (r = 0.853**) , (r = 0.95-05**) and (r = 0.839**) respectively. Irrigation water quality had more effect on length of Date Palm than soil, there was a significant correlation between water pH with length of Date palm (r = 0.834**) and number leaves (r = 0.770*) statistical analysis results showed a positive significant correlation between soil available phosphorus with leaf chlorophyl, carbohydrate , phenolic content (r = 0.903**) , (r = 0.804**) and (r = 0.800**) respectively. The results showed a significant correlation between soil available phosphorus and leaf nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium content (r = 0.865**) , (r = 0.810**) and (r = 0.910**) respectively. The study showed that irrigation water quality had apositine significant correlation between water (NH4) content and leaf chlorophyl, carbohydrate and phenolic content (r = 0.912**) , (r = - 0.855**) and (r = - 0.857**) respectively. Statistical analysis results showed a significant correlation between water (NH4) content and leaf nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium content (r = 0.969**) , (r = 0.956**) and (r = 0.939**) respectively statistical analysis results showed that there were significant differences among sites in physical and chmical properties of growth of Date palm, Abul-Khaseeb site had a significant effect on other sites with all growth Date palm properties

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Article
Kinetics of α-amylase enzyme inhuman serum

المؤلفون: Rehab J Mohhmod
الصفحات: 237-244
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الخلاصة

Objective: The present study was conducted to study the general characterization of α-amylase (AMS) enzyme by studing of the effect of various factors which affected on the activity of the enzyme (α-amylase ) by caraway method, in control group and patients group who was studied . Method: Twenty five healthy subject were depended in this study, and indicated the normal level of the enzyme, the factors effect of the activity α-amylase enzyme are: pH, temperature, substrate concentration, incubation duration. The evolution of the factors exhibit significant effect on the activity of the enzyme, and the Vmax and Km were found 100,25 mg/dl respectively, in 20 patients with pancreatitis., the Vmax and Km were found in this group 71.42, 30mg/dl. Results: α-amylase activity was observed to be very stable enzyme and effective at pH (5- 7.8), temperature (37,40), 0.06 mg/dl substrate concentration. Vmax and Km were found 25 mg/dl,100 in healthy group but in patients group were found 30 mg/dl,71.42. AMS activity in serum patients of pancreatitis was very stable in pH 7-7.6, temperature 37C° substrate concentration. The results of serum enzyme activity measurement revealed significant (p<0.005) elevation of AMS activity in patients of pancreatitis when compared with those of the healthy subject.

الكلمات الدلالية

-amylase enzyme (AMS) --- -amylase sources


Article
دراسة مسحية- تصنيفية لأنواع يرقات البعوض السائد في مدينة كربلاء

المؤلفون: رافد عباس العيسى
الصفحات: 243-251
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الخلاصة

The results of this research is showed to record 10 species of mosquito larvae in Kerbala City during one year in six perminet aquatic position used as breeding sites to produce the Adults, The results show there were differences is some chemical and physical water characteres in different sites. The variability in density of species and abundance area According to sites and monthes of year.Some species were presents during all monthes as: Cx. molestus but some of there are everpresent in one place but there is not in another as:Cx. quinquefasciatus and another the abundane was not continue every monthes in spite of the different sites as: Cx. modesties which is not present in winter season in Alchaeer pool and Alsumood pool. also show there were a six species appear one site and dont repeate in another site and the abundance of these six species don't continue in Aquatic sites along monthes of year. Every species there was aspecial appearance time belong to any species.

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Article
An investigation on the natural radioactivity of Th232 , Ra226 and K40 in some samples of raw building materials in Governorate of Karbala.
اختبار النشاط الإشعاعي الطبيعي لـ Th232 , Ra226 , K40 في بعض نماذج خام مواد البناء في محافظة كربلاء.

المؤلفون: Hassan Issa Dawood
الصفحات: 245-251
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الخلاصة

The study of the radiation hazards from raw building materials were performed in the present work. The measurements of the natural radioactivity of Th232 ,Ra226 and K40 were verified for some Karbala raw building materials(sand , cement , gypsum and thermiston powder) to assess any possible radiological hazard due to their use. The measurements were done by gamma-ray spectroscopy using Hyper-Pure Germanium (HPGe) detector. The results were found to vary from (18.88±4.34 to 54.33±7.37 , 13.085±3.617 to 82.80±9.09 and 14.185±3.766 to 140.523±11.854)Bq/Kg for Th232 ,Ra226 and K40 respectively. The concentrations of these radionuclides are compared with the available data from other countries. The measured activity concentration of Th232 , Ra226 and K40 in raw building materials is higher than the world average except the activity of K40 show lower than the available data previously. Radium equivalent activities(Req) are calculated for the analyzed samples to assess the radiation hazard arising due to the use of these raw building materials samples in the construction of dwellings. All the raw materials have radium equivalent activities lower than the limit (370)Bq/Kg. As well as calculated values of external radiation doses in air are also lower than the world average of about 0.5 mSv per year.

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Article
A modified associated flow rule in classical plasticity
قاعدة انسياب مطورة في اللدونة التقليدية

المؤلفون: نجاح فهد جاسم
الصفحات: 252-264
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الخلاصة

In this paper the flow theory in classical plasticity is extended to micro-scale plasticity, which is one of the most important active fields in micro-scale industries, where the directional derivative of plastic strain affects significantly on material's hardening. This is accomplished throughout proposing a new strain-hardening rule based on some facts from dislocations theory, where this proposed hardening rule enables the researcher from obtaining constitutive stress-strain relations for materials of micro-scale size undergoing plastic loading. Simulations are performed to show the plastic behavior of several theoretical models with micro-scale sizes based on the modified flow rule developed in this paper, and the results obtained from these simulations show good agreement with published results available in the literature. This agreement proves the validity of the extension of the classical flow theory proposed in this paper and the ability of the modified flow rule to describe the plastic behavior of materials at the micron scale.

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Article
Effect of sequestrene and mangnsium sulphate fertilizers on growth parameters on off –set of Buttom mangrove plants Concarpus lancifolius Engl.
تاثير سمادي السيكوسترين وكبريتات المغنسيوم في مؤشرات النمو لشتلات نبات الداماس Concarpus lancifolius Engl.

المؤلفون: جمال أحمد عباس
الصفحات: 252-261
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الخلاصة

The experiment was conducted in a private nursery in Al-Najaf province during the growing season of 2007-2008, to study the effect of sequestrene (6% EDDHA-NaFe) fertilizer at dosage of (0, 1 and 2 g.pot-1) and spraying with magnesium sulphate at three concentration levels (0, 15 and 30 g.L-1) and their interaction on growth parameters and leaves content of total chlorophyll, iron and magnesium elements. The experimental design used in this experiment was Randomized Complete Block Design (R.C.B.D.) with three replicates, means of treatments were compared using L.S.D. at probability level of 0.05. Results revealed that fertilization with sequestrene or magnesium sulphate had a significant effect on improving trends of vegetative growth such as plant height (cm), number of leaves and branches per plant, dry weight of leaves, stem and number of main root per plant. Moreover significant increases were recorded in leaf content of total chlorophyll, iron and magnesium (22.87 mg.100 gm-1 fresh weight, 6.70 ppm and 1.24 g.kg-1 dry weight respectively ) of plants treated with 3 gm.pot-1 seuestrene, and to (21.10 mg.100 gm-1 fresh weight, 6.65 ppm and 1.28 mg.kg-1 dry weight respectively) of plants sprayed with 30 mg.L-1 magnesium sulphate fertilizer compared to plant of control treatment (without fertilizers) which produced the lowest values (17.91 mg.100 gm-1 fresh weight, 5.95 ppm and 0.93 gm.kg-1 dry weight) and (19.88 mg.100 gm-1 fresh weight, 5.95 ppm and 0.93 g.kg-1 dry weight) respectively. The results of the interaction showed that, the most effective treatment was fertilization with sequestrene (3 g/pot) and spraying with magnesium sulphate (30 g.L-1) which improved plant growth and chemical composition in comparison with the control non-fertilized plant.

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Article
دراسة العلاقة بين معدل ضربات القلب ووزن الجسم والقلب في الزواحف والبرمائيات

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الخلاصة

60 samples vertebrates were studied , including two classes :Reptiles and Amphibians they were obtained from Iraqi local markets and habitats .the species under study , were : Testudo graeca and Rana pipien .Total number of each species was 30 samples for each species, body weight and heart beates rate (after dissection) were taken weight of heart , the results were: • There was revers relationship between heart beates rate , body mass and heart weight in two species Testudo graeca and Rana pipiens , in which a direct correlation was found between body weight and heart weight in tow species. Calculate the equation of decline line for heart beates rate and heart weight to body weight was gave significance at a level (0.01) for Testudo graeca

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Article
تأثير الرش ببيروكسيد الهيدروجين H2O2 في نمو بادرات الباقلاء Vicia faba واستحثاث مقاومتها ضد الفطر Aspergillus niger
The Effect of Aspersion by Hydrogen Peroxide(H2O2) on inducing the Broad bean (Vicia faba) resistance against Aspergillus niger fungi.

المؤلفون: أفراح مهدي عبد علي الظالمي
الصفحات: 266-276
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الخلاصة

This study was accrue in one of nurseries concerning production fruits in Najaf to test the capability of Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) in inducing the growth of Vicia faba seedling and it resistance against the Aspergillus niger fungi, during the period from 15/ 10/ 2009 to 1/ 12/2009.after 15 days of sowing , seedlings were aspersed by hydrogen peroxide solutions in the concentration (0 , % 0.25 , % 0.5 , %1). The results indicated many positive effects for the use of H2O2 on seedling growth compared with the control . H2O2 caused significantly increase in : plant high , number of branches , number of leaves, leaf area and shoot fresh weight, compared with control.(%0.25) concentration of H2O2 give the highest average of high of seedling ( 20.96cm ) , number of branches ( 3.33 ), number of leaves(10.8), leaf area(14.92cm2) and shoot fresh weight ( 4.972 ). On the other hand, H2O2 caused significantly decrease in leaves chlorophyll content and shoot dry weight of seedling treated with the different concentration of H2O2 compared with control. Then seedlings were aspersed by suspension fungal solution, and the results indicated the positive effect for the use of H2O2 in decreasing of seedling infection by Aspergillus niger . (%0.25) concentration of H2O2 give the highest decreasing in percentage of infected leaves (%18.51) , Disease severity (29.08), fungal colony diameter (5.3), and colony area (8.32)cm2 . This study indicated that Hydrogen peroxide is affective in Vicia faba seedling growth and it resistance against Aspergillus niger fungi.

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Article
Histological Comparative Study For Spleens Of Sheep And Buffalo
دراسة نسجية مقارنة للطحال في كل من الأغنام والجاموس

المؤلفون: حيدر ناظم علي
الصفحات: 283-292
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الخلاصة

Spleen of 20 sheep and buffalo were collected from red meat abattoir in toareeg / karbala – Al_Hindia, 10 of them sheep and the other buffalo. The aim of this study was showing the structure of spleen of buffalo and sheep was composing from dense fibrous connective tissue capsule extend from it trabeculae to the to the parenchyma of spleen, also we observed in spleen of both sheep and buffalo the white pulp and the red pulp. The white pulp composed from lymphatic follicles, marginal zone, central arteries and germinal centers. The central arteries surrounded by periarterial lymphatic sheath (PALS), while the red pulp in sheep and buffalo composed from vascular tissue that contain pulp arteries, venous sinuses and splenic cords. This study also showed the white pulp in spleen of sheep more distinct, which is the diameter of vertical line of white pulp in sheep was 566.4µm and in buffalo was 215.04 µm, while the diameter of horizontal line in sheep was 528 µm, and in buffalo was 258.24 µm, also the number of white pulp in one field in sheep is 1.1, while the number in one field of buffalo is 0.5. The red pulp of spleen of sheep contain more collagen fibers than those in buffalo, also the blood vessels were more in sheep's spleen than that of buffalo.

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