جدول المحتويات

مجلة جامعة كربلاء

ISSN: 18130410
الجامعة: جامعة كربلاء
الكلية: رئاسة الجامعة او مراكز
اللغة: Arabic and English

This journal is Open Access

حول المجلة

أن مجلة رئاسة الجامعة هي مجلة علمية محكمة تصدر بشكل فصلي لأغراض الترقيات العلمية وهي مجلة علمية رصينة في مختلف الاختصاصات تأسست في عام 2003 حاصلة على الترميز الدولي ISSN-1813-0410 تستقبل المجلة بما يقارب 500 بحث في السنة وعليه يبلغ عدد البحوث المنشورة بما يقارب 300 بحث منشور في السنة وبما يقارب 200 بحث قيد النشر وتخضع البحوث المقدمة للتقويم العلمي من قبل أساتذة اختصاصين وتنشر البحوث باللغتين العربية والانكليزية اما أعمال المجلة هي :-

1- استقبال البحوث الخاصة بالسادة التدريسيين الراغبين بنشرها في المجلة .
2- عرضها على السادة المقيمين .
3- تزويد الباحثين بكتاب قبول نشر بعد حصول الموافقة على النشر .
4- تنضيد البحوث وفق السياق الخاص بالمجلة والمرفق نسخة منه طياً .
5- استنساخ العدد الخاص بالمجلة بمعدل 50 نسخة لكل مجلد (علمي عربي + علمي انكليزي + انساني )

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معلومات الاتصال

phone Number :07814214835
E_mail :Journal@uokerbala.edu.iq

جدول المحتويات السنة: 2010 المجلد: 8 العدد: 4

Article
Analytical Study for Lead Pollution in some selected locations of Basrah Government / Southern of Iraq
دراسة تحليلية لنسب التلوث بالرصاص فـي بعض مناطق محافظة البصرة / جنوب العـراق

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الخلاصة

درس تأثير التلوث بعنصر الرصاص وتحديد موقعه للمياه السطحية والرواسب القاعية في مناطق من جنوب العراق في محافظة البصرة على وجه الخصوص في أعلى الخليج العربي عند قمته الشمالية وهي سبعة مواقع : القرنة ، المدنية ، الدير ، العشار ، أبو الخصيب ، الزبير ، أم قصر خلال الفترة من 2007- 2008 على أساس فصلي . اعتمدت الطرق القياسية لتحليل المياه السطحية والرواسب القاعية حيث سجلت أعلى قيمة معدل لتركيز الرصاص في منطقة الزبير حيث بلغت (4.2 ppm) للمياه السطحية و (6.20 ppm) في منطقة أبو الخصيب للرواسب القاعية ، في حين كانت اقل قيمة مسجلة هي (0.5 ppm) في منطقة القرنة ولم تسجل أي قيمة للرواسب القاعيــــة في منطقـــة المدينة .


Article
Reading in dr fadhil Al-samarais Lamasat Bayaniya fi nusuus min Al- Tamziil
قراءة في كتاب لمسات بيانيّة في نصوص من التّنزيل للدّكتور فاضل صالح السّامرّائيّ

المؤلفون: عباس صادق عبد الصاحب
الصفحات: 1-9
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الخلاصة

Dr-Fadhil Al-Samarai is one of the Iraqi professors who tried to better understand the Quranic text , particulary in his writing s on the Quranic expressions, meaning s, and wording which have a good reception in the minds of the readers. Nots on this particular book pay Al-Samarai ,stimulated pay his opinion that writers opinions should be checked pay the Quran itself: matching with the Quran these opinions should be accepted ,disagreeing with it , they should be left and abandoned. This traditional method of research was built by the prophet and his progeny . The researcher wants also to prove what Al-Bakhilani had said that language of the holy Quran varietes from the language of the Arabs , and this what distinguishes-Quran from the other teats – The distinction between creators words and his creatures is the measure that Al-Mutazilah depended on in their judgement and Ibn Abbas had preceeded then to them to this measure befor.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Ectoparasites of seven fish species from Al-Husainia Creek, Karbala province, Mid Iraq*
الطفيليات الخارجية لسبعة أنواع من الأسماك في جدول الحسينية، محافظة كربلاء، وسط العراق*

المؤلفون: Abid Ali J. Al-Saadi --- Furhan T. Mhaisen --- Hadi R. Hasan
الصفحات: 1-7
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الخلاصة

Seven fish species (Aspius vorax, Barbus grypus, B. luteus, B. sharpeyi, B. xanthopterus, Cyprinus carpio and Liza abu) were collected from Al-Husainia creek, Karbala province, mid Iraq during the period from May 2005 till April 2006. Upon their inspection, these fishes were found to be infected with 26 ectoparasite species which included two ciliated protozoans, 16 monogeneans, metacercariae of one digenetic trematode and seven crustaceans. The case of single infection was noticed in 12 parasite species, followed with the double infection (in six parasite species) and the triple infection (in five parasite species). B. luteus harbored the highest number of parasite species (16 species), followed with both A. vorax and L. abu (8 species each), both B. xanthopterus and C. carpio (6 species each), B. sharpeyi (5 species) and B. grypus (4 species). The study revealed the occurrence of five monogeneans for the first time in Iraq as well as the record of 10 new fish hosts in Iraq for eight ectoparasite species.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Ectoparasites of seven fish species from Al-Husainia Creek, Karbala province, Mid Iraq*
الطفيليات الخارجية لسبعة أنواع من الأسماك في جدول الحسينية، محافظة كربلاء، وسط العراق*

المؤلفون: Abid Ali J. Al-Saadi --- Furhan T. Mhaisen --- Hadi R. Hasan
الصفحات: 1-7
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الخلاصة

Seven fish species (Aspius vorax, Barbus grypus, B. luteus, B. sharpeyi, B. xanthopterus, Cyprinus carpio and Liza abu) were collected from Al-Husainia creek, Karbala province, mid Iraq during the period from May 2005 till April 2006. Upon their inspection, these fishes were found to be infected with 26 ectoparasite species which included two ciliated protozoans, 16 monogeneans, metacercariae of one digenetic trematode and seven crustaceans. The case of single infection was noticed in 12 parasite species, followed with the double infection (in six parasite species) and the triple infection (in five parasite species). B. luteus harbored the highest number of parasite species (16 species), followed with both A. vorax and L. abu (8 species each), both B. xanthopterus and C. carpio (6 species each), B. sharpeyi (5 species) and B. grypus (4 species). The study revealed the occurrence of five monogeneans for the first time in Iraq as well as the record of 10 new fish hosts in Iraq for eight ectoparasite species.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Nutrients Levels of Some Wells water in Basrah / South of Iraq
مستويات الأملاح المغذية لنماذج من بعض آبار محافظة البصرة / جنوب العراق

المؤلفون: عــــلاء عـــــادل مزهــــــر
الصفحات: 6-10
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الخلاصة

A survey is made to estimate Nutrients of some wells in the South of Iraq: (Khor Al-Zubair, Zubair and Safwan) during 2008. Nine wells are selected with different depths ranged between 5-10 m near Khor Al-Zubair and 22-25 m in Zubair and Safwan. The main aim of this study is to estimate the concentration of Nitrate, Nitrite, Phosphate and Silicate ions. The values recorded from this study were (88.412 µgl) for Nitrate, (12.007 µgl) for Nitrite, (4.902 µgl) for Phosphate and (151.250 µgl) for Silicate in wells with low depths. Low values are recorded (5.718 µgl) for Nitrate and (0.0756 µgl) for Nitrite and (1.024 µgl) for Phosphate and (51.608 µgl) for Silicate in wells with high depths. The recorded values of more than half of the understudy wells are polluted by Nutrients.


Article
Interaction of Cysteine in aqueous Dimethylformamide Solutions at different temperatures.
تأثرات الحامض الاميني الستين في المحاليل المائية – لداي مثيل فورماميد في درجات حرارة مختلفة.

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الخلاصة

Densities ρ and viscosities η of cysteine (Cys) in 2.5% and 5%(w/w) Dimethylformamide (DMf)-water mixtures have been measured at different temperatures 298.15, 303.15, 308.15 and 313.15 K. From the experimental data molal volume , limiting partial molal volume , the slop , Jones-Dole B and D-coefficients, Gibbs free energy of activation for viscous flow of solution were calculated. The nature of solute- solvent and solute- solute interactions have been discussed in terms of the values of , , and B-coefficient.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
ker
سيمياء المقدمة الطلليةفي شـــــعر القتّال الكلابـــــي(دراسة تطبيقية)

المؤلفون: نبراس هاشم ياس
الصفحات: 10-23
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الخلاصة

The root of semiotics concerning with the linguistic revolution led by Ferdinand de Saussure in his explanations of the way in which the language works and performs its functions. semiotics is interested in study systems of language symbols ,and the structures which is underlying in the use of any sign as well as the relationship between these icons and their user (self-produced) , therefore it does not aim to determine the literary meaning in the text, but trying to find the literary meaning between what is familiar or common and what was coded (what the poet wants ). A criticism literary (ancient and modern) study icon (All Tallal) and this research try to read All Tallal: tradition Archaeological icon in Vagabond poet, particularly in the poetry of (AL Kattal Al Kilabi), to know in which way he use it and in which way it dominated on his poetry In the same time how the Vagabond _self is Liberated from the using of this Poetic structure (The prevailing and dominant )icon.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
تطبيق محوسب لجدولة القرص ذي الرأس المتحرك بإتجاه المتطلب الأقرب

المؤلفون: علي صاحب حمّود
الصفحات: 11-17
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الخلاصة

The researchers in the operating systems are trying to got two objectives ;the first is securing the effective storage area , and suitable to the different applications. The second objective is the fast access to the data in the storage devices. The moving-head disk one of the important storage devices. This research aimed to find new method to disk scheduling

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
SCCC-MCCDMA combination performance over multipath Rayleigh fading channel
أداء مجموع (SCCC-MCCDMA ) خلال قناة الخفوت متعدد المسارات

المؤلفون: Husam A. Mohammed --- Aqiel N. Almaamory
الصفحات: 16-22
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الخلاصة

This work presents the simulation of a Serially Concatenation Convolution Coding SCCC with Multi-Carrier Code Division Multiple Access (MC-CDMA) system over multipath fading channels. The decoding technique used in the simulation was iterative decoding since it gives maximum efficiency with six iteration. Modulation schemes that used are Phase Shift Keying (BPSK, QPSK and 16 PSK), along with the Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM). The channel models used are as specified in the Third Generation Partnership Project (3GPP) Technical Specification TS 25.101v2.10 with a channel bandwidth of 5 MHz. this includes the channels are indoor to outdoor/ pedestrian channel and Vehicular channel

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
دراسة الخواص الفيزيائية للينكوتين امايد (B3) في محاليل ملحية عند درجات حرارةمختلفة .

المؤلفون: زينب وجدي احمد العامل
الصفحات: 18-28
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الخلاصة

Densities ρ and viscosities η for several concentrations of vitamin B3 Nicotineamide dissolved in sodium chloride solutions at different concentrations ( 2%, 4%, 6%, 8%) and at different temperatures (298.15, 303.15 and 308.15 K) have been measured on the basis of these data, the apparent molal volume , limiting partial molal volumes at infinite dilution , slop, , and Jones. Dole coefficients A and B were calculated.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Using Mathematical Optimization Method(Tabu Search) for Edges CrossingPoints Reduction in Graphs
استخدام طريقة الامثلية الرياضية ( البحث المحرم) لتقليل نقاط تقاطع الحواف في المخططات

المؤلفون: Enaam H. Abd
الصفحات: 23-36
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الخلاصة

A graph is an algebraic structure of nodes and edges is commonly presented geometrically by diagrams depicting nodes as dots and edges as curves or straight line segments that connect the dots . Some applications need to reduce the number of edges crossing such as Telecommunications e.g. spanning trees ,Vehicle routing e.g. Roads without underpasses, VLSI e.g. computer chips , and Road networks. This aim of this paper is minimize the number of crossing points in graphs by applying the mathematical optimization (Tabu Search) method. More important results was recorded by implement this method .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
The Concept of Divinity in Terms of Heavenly and Positive Religions
الألوهية في الديانات الوضعية والسماوية

المؤلفون: سهاد صالح سالم
الصفحات: 24-47
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الخلاصة

The concept of divinity underwent different dramatic stages of change, transformation ,development and considering the importance of religion and its solid relevance to politics and society especially that there exists no nation in the whole world capable of ignoring the overall impact of religion for its subjective importance as a spiritual inevitable need for mankind, since there has never been, along the history of civilization, a refined political organization nor a systematic human assembly unless it was associated with or predominated by an image of worship and faith in supernatural powers. Accordingly, this study deals with the concept of divinity . What draws our attention in observing the concept of divinity in different civilizations was that this concept approaches the notion of oneness and monotheism. As these civilizations advanced , the relationship between the authority and the individual improved ,for this relationship is deprived from its benefits; and on the other hand ,whenever the ideology of divinity was inclined to polytheism , it' true meaning was distracted between the ancestors and natural powers leading to deterioration of civilization and the decline of the relationship between man and authority. The concept of divinity settled with the emergence of heavenly religions which called for absolute oneness of God in Judaism, Christianity and Islam for the consolidation and identification of this concept; furthermore , the relation between man and God was clarified with the notice of the penetration of many pagan beliefs into the heavenly religions by the nations which embraced these religions but at the same time they maintained some of their idolatrous ideologies and social habits that are historically connected with paganism ; thereby the doctrines of divine immanentism slipped into Jewry while the beliefs of hypostasis , polytheism, trinity and humanity infiltrated into Christianity ; in addition to the idolization and worship of individuals ;also the surfacing of expiatory ideas and doctrines along with the extremist doctrines in the Islamic religion. Nevertheless, the Islamic religion ,in general, is decisive in this matter considering the specific evident and comprehensive perspective it lays out towards absolute monotheism of the concept of divinity

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Genetic persistency on milk production in Holstein Friesian Cows
المثابرة الوراثية على إنتاج الحليب في أبقار الهولشتاين فريزيان

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الخلاصة

This study was carried out at the Faihaa Station (20 km north of Babel), and over period 2007 and 2008, using 310 records product by 119 cow analysis statistically. The aim of this investigate the estimation of genetic persistency on milk production from the difference between genetic estimation to produce 280 days from genetic estimation to produce first 60 days of milk season in Holstein Friesian cows after studying the effect of fixed factors and estimation heritability to produce 60 and 280 milk day. The overall mean of milk production of the first 60 and 280 days of milk season was 625.16 and 2300.34 kg respectively. Highly significant effect of parity and season of parturition in milk production of 60and 280 days, Heritability of this traits 0.25 and 0.22 respectively. There wide variation in genetic values estimation of bulls of 60 and 280 days milk production. The maximum estimation of genetic persistency was 30.27 while the minimum was – 10.04 , depending of above mentioned estimations will increase gain and later the economically in the herd.


Article
In vetro effect of Gibberellin and cultivar on induction and sprouting microtuberization potatoes cv. Diamant, Desiree, and Marfona
تأثير الجبرلين GA3 والصنف في تحفيز وتزريع الدرنات الدقيقة الناتجة من الزراعة النسيجية للبطاطا ( ديمونت، ديزري، مارفونـا )

المؤلفون: موسى محمد حمزة
الصفحات: 34-44
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الخلاصة

This stady was conduted during the period 2009 / 2008 in the tissue culture lab. Biotechnology Department- Technical College / Musaib. Sprouts of Diamant, Desiree and Marfona potato tubers ( 0.3 – 0.5 mm) were transferred on the propagation medium. Explants were sterilized with sodium hypochlorite at 5% for 15 min., cultures were incubated at 25º C ± 2 and 16 hours photoperiod at light intensity 1000 lux for 35 days. The (1 – 2 cm.) basal parts of the producing cuttings were grown on microtuberization MS media containing 8% sucrose plus 2.0 g / l charcoal. The first study contained treating the microtubers with Capitan at 2g / 1kg tubers to study the effect of cultivar and size on the percentage of the damaged tubers, sprouted tubres, number of developed buds/ tuber and vegetative buds / tuber, before and after the storage. The second trial was about the effect of cultivar and Gibberellin ( 0.0, 3.0, 4.0, 5.0 and 6.0 mg / l ) in the characters studied. The interaction between cultivar and size had a significant influence. Hightest results were obtained from Desiree with the larger size S1 regards bud number / tuber, number of grown buds, ( 6.97, 5.31 ) respectively, wheras, Diamant with S1 resulted in less damaged tubers and higher sprouting ( 4.05%, 99.29% ) respectively. Interaction of Desiree with GA3 at 5.0 mg / l had significant effect on number of developed buds ( 5.31), while Diamant with 5 mg / l Gibberellin gave higher sprouting ( 89.14% ) on the other hand there was a decrease in dry metter for all cultivars.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
THE EFFECT OF TWO CURING PROCESSING TIME BY IVOMAT ON THE POROSITY OF COLD CURE ACRYLIC RESIN DENTURE BASE (A COMPARATIVE STUDY)

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الخلاصة

This study aimed at assessing the effect of two times curing by Ivomat on the porosity of cold cured acrylic resin denture base at the center and the periphery of the specimens for (15) and (20) minutes, and comparing that with cold cured acrylic resin polymerized chemically on air (Control group). 30 samples specimens of (65 x 62 x 64 x 61 mm), with (3 mm) thickness according to (ADA specification No.12) . There were 3 experimental groups, (n = 10 per group): G1) cold cure acrylic resin (chemical curing- 45 minutes) as a control group; G2) cold cure acrylic resin (Ivomat curing technique- 15 minutes); G3) cold cure acrylic resin (Ivomat curing technique- 20 minutes). The porosity test was assessed after specimens were completely cured, finished and polished, and then immersed in black ink and the pores counted in a microscope. Generally the results revealed that the cold cure acrylic specimens which processed in Ivomate for (15) and (20) minutes introduced less porosity level in the periphery than that of the center, and the cold cure acrylic specimens which processed in Ivomate for (15 minutes) have porosity level more than cold cure acrylic which polymerized for (20 minutes) in spite of the same processing technique, while the cold cure acrylic specimens which processed in Ivomate showed less level of porosity than that cold cure acrylic polymerized chemically on air and under hydraulic press.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
The effect of different types of chlorhexidine solutions on the compressive strength of dental stone materials.

المؤلفون: Nihad Hasan Mohammed
الصفحات: 44-52
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الخلاصة

Background: Infection control in dentistry is becoming more important , new products and methods are being developed to prevent cross- contamination between dental patients and dental personal via impression ,model ,record base and appliance however ,there is growing concern on dental cast disinfection ,incorporation of disinfection solution in dental stone could provide an effective method to disinfect stone cast. Methods: this project was under taken in an attempts to study the effect of the disinfection solutions on the compressive strength of dental stone .accordingly , three type of disinfectant solution were incorporated into one brand of dental stone.(60) samples made from dental stone materials divided into( 4) group first group was control mixing dental stone with distil water; the second group was mixed dental stone with(Corsodyl) mouth wash glaxo smith line group of companies united kingdom groupes mixing dental stone with (chlorhexidine digluconate 0.2%), the third group that mixed dental stone with (Zak DNV Syria) mouth wash (chlorhexidine digluconate 0.12%), the foure group that (AL-Mansor) mouth wash almansor company(chlorhexidine digluconate 0.2%). The properties evaluated was compressive strength the results were compared with those obtained from (Hi-Stone) which was used as control. Results: the results revealed that incorporation of disinfection solution in stone mixture improved compressive strength of dental stone. Conclusions: In conclusion, dental stone containing chlorhexidine diglucanate (0.2% Almansor company Iraq) provide to be superior among the other tested groups

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Effect of Organic Matter on the Release and Availability ofPhosphorus and Their Effect on Spinach Plant.
تأثير المادة العضوية ومصادر السماد الفوسفاتي في تحرر وجاهزية الفسفور وتأثيره في نبات السبانخ

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الخلاصة

A green house experiment was conducted at the Technical institute of almusyabe to study the interaction effect between organic matter and different sources of phosphate fertilizer on the growth and uptake of nutrients by spinach plants. Results showed that dry weight of spinach plants at different stages of plant growth and improved the chemical properties of super phosphate and rock phosphate. The addition of organic matter to the soil increases the N – uptake by the spinach plant at the different stages of plant growth, and that due to the beneficial effect of organic matter in improving the nutritional status particularly nitrogen from the soil, and also observed that super phosphate application increased P, K and Fe amounts in the tissues of studied plants due to the fertilizer value of added super phosphate.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
الإدارة الانتخابية في العراق وأنماط الأشراف على الانتخابات في العالم

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الخلاصة

Represent the Electoral administration a cornerstone of the structure of the Electoral Commission for elections, which draw features the legal statute of its own legal such as ordering of the Coalition Provisional Authority No. 92 of 2004 and Act No. 11 of 2007 issued by the Iraqi Council of Representatives, where the electoral administration represents as Executive authority of IHEC against the Board of Commissioners which represents the legislative authority of the Office. Research is an attempt to supplement the scientific reality in Iraq for studies of modern democratic institution in our country and because of the scarcity of such studies, I said we have found it necessary to provide what can to enrich this aspect by conducting comprehensive research on the EA addressed in all its aspects.The research plan was in three sections for the purpose of briefing the full idea of EA as the legal framework of the Office, where we dealt with the explanation the Board of Commissioners in the first quarter and we have listed some of the observations in the comparison between the command of 92 of Law No. 11 of 2007 with respect to the Council, and we dealt with in chapter II of the electoral administration and revenue some observations for the Department when comparing the texts of legal bills.The second section between the general principles of electoral administration in the first requirement of it, while the second requirement forms of electoral administration.The third section dealt with the patterns of electoral administrations in the world between the requirement of the first statement of how to manage the elections by international bodies, speaking on the second requirement for the assignment of supervising the elections to the national bodies, both with the division into two independent, devastated both of them deals with a different theme.The search is over to the set of results for the study and has also been a number of proposals based on field experience in this area.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
The Futuristic Positive Outcomes of Sustainable Environmental Development
النتائج الإيجابية المستقبلية للتنمية البيئية المسـتدامة

المؤلفون: نعيم محمد علي ابراهيم
الصفحات: 50-54
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الخلاصة

This research studied in detail how the notion of sustainable environmental development evolved and developed, which is one of the bases of sustainable development including social and economic development. The research also took into consideration scrutinizing the future outcomes of sustainable environmental development and discussed opinions and ideas launched to back the methods of achieving sustainable environmental development. The research indicated that sustainable environmental development was not just a term publicized theoretically and empty from principles and understanding which has a strong relation to environmental protection and other aspects of sustainability on top of them saving our resources which are limited and irresponsible behavior in consumption would lead eventually to disastrous consequences. There are those who are concerned about whether sustainable environmental development is achievable, and this research indicated and explained that all evidences pointing out that sustainable development would not be fulfilled without achieving sustainable environmental development very much related to environmental protection and saving environmental resources. Most of the questions on the possibility of achieving sustainable environmental development were discussed and all responses were with no doubt that it is possible to achieve sustainable environmental development if all conditions were met.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Synthesis of New Type of Sugar Ligands Starting from D-Glucose And Screening Their Biological Activity

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الخلاصة

This work includes two parts; the first one is the synthesis of two ligands starting from D-glucose, reaction of glucose with acetone in the presence of iodine afforded 1,2:5,6-di-O-isopropylidene-α-D-glucofuranose(1), when (1) reacted with benzoyl chloride in pyridine gave 1,2:5,6-di-O-isopropylidene-3-O-(benzoyl)-α-D-glucofuranose (2), selective deprotection of (2) in 80% acetic acid yielded 1,2-O-isopropylidene-3-O-(benzoyl)--α-D-glucofuranose (3), the cleavage oxidation of (3) using sodium periodate gave the aldehyde (4), the reaction of (4) with 4-methylthiosemicarbazide and o-aminophenol afforded the sugar ligands (5) and (6) respectively. The second part of this work contained the biological screening of the prepared sugar ligands against Gram + ve bacteria Staphylococcus Aureus (ATCC 25923), Gram – ve bacteria Escherischia Coli (ATCC 225922), Pseudomonas Aaruginosa (ATCC 27853), and against fungi Candida Albicans (ATCC 10231), this part of our study showed that only compound (5) exhibited activities against + ve bacteria Staphylococcus Aureus and Gram – ve bacteria Escherischia Coli at concentration of 5 ppm.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
The aliment security of arab nations
الامن الغذائى العربى مع اشارة خاصة للعراق

المؤلفون: فاضل موسى حسن
الصفحات: 61-75
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الخلاصة

About four of the previous decades the subject was regard as important affairs in the world. So the governments and world organisations and researchrs depated this affairs. So that number of conferences held to study this subject and they adapting the important arrangement to remedies this subject. But inspite of all this attempts, the indicators come to light that the provetty increased espically in under developed countties. As to the security of arab alimental this subject is not belong to the shortage of prodacion of agricultural products, but belong to the mismanage the resources in arab nations. In addition the alimental gab increased, for many resons, related to increased the population convert to another sectors. Therefor our research build on a hypothesis refer that this subject is not belong to the governments which face this problems but belong to all the nations in the world. Also, arab nations may be fulfill this subject if they work together. So that the problem of the research, refer the failure of arab nations security is not belong to the shorage in resources, but to mismange the agricultural policies. For the purpose of what we mentioned above we devided our reseach, to the following sections: The first section devoted to the concepts of alimental security, and the factors effect it. The second section, devoted to the quality of the foods. Section three, devoted to the arab alimental security. In section four we refer to the security of alimental in iraq. Finally we put some of conclisions and recommendations, which we listed in the end of this research.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Study on the parasitic fauna of Acanthopagrus latus in Al-razzaza lake
دراســة حـــول المجموعــة الحيوانيــة المتطفلــة علــى اسمـــاك الشانـــك (Houttuyn, 1782) Acanthopagrus latus في بحيرة الرزازة.

المؤلفون: حسين تخيل حسين
الصفحات: 61-64
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الخلاصة

Examined a total of 161 Acanthopagrus latus from AL-Razzaza lake, Karbala province during the period from April` 2006 till September 2006 for parasitic fauna. The inspected results showed the occurrence of three species of protozoa which included of Trichodina ovonucleata, Tetrahymena pyriforms, Chloromyxum dubium. The Acanthopagrus latus is considered as anew host in Iraq. The percentage incidence of infection with the studied protozoa varied according to different months

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
A NOVEL CAM-BASED INFINITLY VARIABLE TRANSMISSION
منظومة ناقل جديدة ذات تغيير لا متناهي تعتمد على أساس عمل الكامة

المؤلفون: Amjad M. Abood
الصفحات: 61-74
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الخلاصة

Infinitely variable transmission system, is the system which allows for continuous (un discreet) variation of transmission ratio including zero transmission ratio. In this paper, the geometric design and kinematics analysis for a novel cam based infinitely variable transmission system are presented. The proposed system has a number of identical units, each unit contains three dimensional cam (camoid), cam follower, grooved wheel, and one way clutch(ratchet). Through each unit the rotational motion is converted to an oscillatory linear motion of variable amplitude and then rectified to rotational motion again. The mathematical expressions for the kinematics analysis are formulated and simulation is established according to this formulation. It was concluded that at fixed transmission ratio, the system produces uniform output for uniform input. On the other hand, during transmission ratio variation there is a little fluctuation in the values of the output angular velocity and acceleration. This fluctuation is decreased when the number of units is increased. Also it was concluded that the maximum transmission ratio of the system depends on the geometric design factors.

الكلمات الدلالية

infinitely variable transmission --- cam --- grooved wheel


Article
Effect of alcoholic extracts of propolis and plant cinnamon on the proportion of hatching eggs greater wax moth,(Galleria mellonella L.) Lepidoptera.,Pyralidae in hives Iraq.
تأثير المستخلصات الكحولية للبروبوليس ونبات القرفة على نسبة فقس بيض دودةالشمع الكبرى في المناحل العراقية .Galleria mellonella L. ) Lepdoptera:Pyralidae (

المؤلفون: محسن عبدالله كريم المسافر
الصفحات: 65-71
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الخلاصة

The research aimed to study the effect of alcoholic extract for each of the composite Propolis and plant cinnamon and different concentrations included (0.00, 0.50, 1.50, 3.00, 6.00, 12.00)% in reducing the percentage of hatching eggs, wax moth large (Gallera mellonella L.) and different ages are (one day after spawning and the age of one day before hatching), where the results showed that the alcoholic extract of composite Propolis is most able to influence to embryonic development inside the egg, which gave the lowest percentage of hatching of eggs of age one day and one day old before hatching when the concentration (12.00%) was (41.66 , 50.33%), respectively. While the alcoholic extract of the plant cinnamon less effective in giving the lowest percentage of hatching age of first and second and the same concentration of (61.00, 71.33)%, respectively, also compare with the treatment of control and reached the highest rate of egg hatching at the concentration (0.00%) and one day old and the age of one day before hatching was (97.66, 95.00)% for each of the propolis extract and cinnamon leaf, respectively. as well as the primitive egg showed more sensitive to a compound derived from Propolis and cinnamon leaf, compared with developed eggs in a lifetime

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
تحضيرقواعد شيف ودراسة فعاليتها البايولوجية ضد نوعين من البكتريا ونوعين من الفطريات

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الخلاصة

In this research four Schiff bases have been prepared by reaction of benzidine diamine derivative with different substituent aldehydes and ketones in para-position, These compounds were characterized by (FTIR-spectra )‚(C.H.N)analysis and melting points, Then,the biological activity of these coumpounds was carried out on two types of bacteria and two types of fungi to detect the effect of the different substituents in para-position to imine group .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
The Effect of Tilt Angle on the Solar Panel Output
تأثير زاوية الميلان على قدرة أنتاج اللوح الشمسي

المؤلفون: Emad.Jaleel.Mahdi --- Sahib.N.Abdul-wahid
الصفحات: 75-82
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الخلاصة

In this project we study how the effect of changing tilt angulations of the solar panel and (1) the variations in the incident sunlight affects the amount of electrical output from the (2) on the efficiency of solar panels in Baghdad location. The correct installation position will allow solar panels to be exposed to direct, unobstructed sunshine from 7am to 4pm every day ,this study determined that the optimum tilt angle for a PV panel changes throughout the year, we installed solar panels in four angles (20ْ,35ْ,45ْ,55ْ) as a fixed solar panel in august 2009 and in January 2010 . The results showed that the gains in the amount of solar radiation throughout the year received by the PV panel mounted at 350 for fixed solar panel to Baghdad location for all days year.

الكلمات الدلالية

Tilt angle --- Solar radiation --- Optimum tilt angle --- solar panel


Article
Measuring the position of Entrepreneurial Marketing in small business organizationsA prospective study in a sample of mineral water plantsin the Kurdistan Region - Iraq
قياس مكانة عمليات التسويق الريادي في منظمات الأعمال الصغيرةدراسة استطلاعية في عينة من مصانع المياه المعدنيةفي إقليم كردستان- العراق

المؤلفون: درمان سليمان صادق
الصفحات: 76-101
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الخلاصة

Entrepreneurial Marketing in business organizations is a philosophy of organizational-oriented organization, and in this light, the organization was directing its efforts and its marketing to focus on the customer and the logistics involved. However, these organizations do not there is usually a specific section of the marketing or person responsible for the marketing function, and the reason for this is that near the organizations leading sites and market centers (due to the small size of these organizations) makes it able to touch the customer needs and desires and demands without the need to invest in conducting market research a costly period of time, as well as without the need to create a special section on marketing despite the need for its existence. In order to reach the such of objectives is revealing the extent of application of plant mineral water researched the Entrepreneurial Marketing of the seven, namely, (a focus on the customer - create or configure value - raise the value of Resources - Risk Management - Innovation - Driving the opportunities and guidance - Support effective) show that those plants generally did not support such operations in accordance with the views of the sample researched by only a year (% 39.47) and return for an agreement negatively on the rate (33.15%) and the rate of neutral-General (27.35%) and enhanced these results the value of the mean and of (2.04) and the response rate was ( 68.46%). The best dimensions of Entrepreneurial Marketing and contributed effectively to enrich the overall rate is still the leadership opportunities, direct and effective support or after the effective activities. The research was presented a number of conclusions and recommendations serve the factories researched when adopting Entrepreneurial Marketing in business and marketing plans.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Study and Comparison the Adsorption thermodynamic for Gongo Red and Berlent Green dyes on some metal oxides
دراسة ومقارنة ثرمودينميك الامتزاز لصبغتي الكونگو الأحمر والبرلنت الأخضر على بعض اكاسيد الفلزات

المؤلفون: سعاد عبد المهدي عبد نور
الصفحات: 82-90
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الخلاصة

In Adsorption Thermodynamics mechanism using for studied the Red Gongo and Green Berlent dyes adsorbed on oxides surfaces (ZnO ,Y2O3 ) , and in this search for purification using of removals from pollutants via oxides surfaces using. When the oxides (ZnO) and (Y2O3 ) using in this studies are position different in periodic , when Zn are 3d 4s and Y are 4d 5s , as well as notes adsorption different between two surfaces . The thermodynamic values were calculated for reactions , when also different pH studies and using different concentrations of dyes ( 5 , 10 , 15 , 20 , 25 ) ppm . Using (U.V-visible) Instrument for adsorption isotherm studied.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
A biochemical study of the effect of Neonatal Jaundice on bilirubin concentration level in newborns

المؤلفون: Saba Abd Almunam --- Rehab Jasem: Master
الصفحات: 83-89
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الخلاصة

تم تصميم هذه الدراسة للتحقق في تأثير مرض اليرقان الولادي على مستوى تركيز البيليروبن الكلي والغير مقترن في مصل الأطفال ألحديثي الولادة المصابين باليرقان الولادي (أبو صفار). ولتحقيق هذا الهدف تمت الدراسة على 60 طفل مريض, وقد دلت النتائج على زيادة معنوية ملحوظة (0.005 (p<في مستوى تركيزي البيليروبن الكلي والمقترن لدى الاطفال المصابين باليرقان الولادي لدى مقارنتهم مع نتائج فحص البيليروبن لدى الأطفال حديثي الولادة نفسهم وبعد العلاج . لم يظهر تقويم الفرو قات الجنسية تأثير لفروق معنوية في مستوى تركيزي البيليروبن لدى الأطفال المصابين باليرقان الولادي. العمر, العلاج اظهرت النتائج تأثيرات واضحة في مستوى تركيز البيليروبن للأطفال الذين تمت دراستهم

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
A biochemical study of the effect of Neonatal Jaundice on bilirubin concentration level in newborns

المؤلفون: Rehab Jasem --- Mohammed Nofill --- Saba Abd Almunam
الصفحات: 83-89
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الخلاصة

The present study was conducted to verify the effect of neonatal jaundice in infants newborns on serum bilirubin concentration level, to achieve this aim, 60 infants patients complained of neonatal jaundice were subjected to the study. The results showed significant (p< 0.005) increase of total and unconjugated bilirubin concentrations in infants patients when compared with those of the healthy infants (after treatment). The evaluation of the sex differences did not exhibit effect significant variation in serum bilirubin concentration of infants patients. The age and treatment, were found to have effect on serum bilirubin concentration level in infants patients of neonatal jaundice.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
A NEW APPROACH: BAYESIAN SELECTION TO FIND MEDIAN CELL (VALUE) IN MULTINOMIALPOPULATION
نظرة جديدة :الاختيار البيزيني لإيجاد الخلية (القيمة) المتوسطة في مجتمع متعدد الحدود

المؤلفون: كوثر فوزي الحسن
الصفحات: 90-97
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الخلاصة

Median finding is an essential problem in statistics, it is provides a more robust notion of average than the mean. The measure location median was suggested to find the middle among collection multinomial ordered values. Bayesian procedure to select the median population is presented .prior distribution and linear loss function to find the Bayes risk are used. When the number of observation is odd.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
The physiological side effect of two Insecticide Malathion and Pyrethroid (cypermethrin) on the growth and Trace Metals content in Helianthus annus L.
التأثير الفسلجي الجانبي لمبيدي الملاثيون Malathion والبايرثرويدي pyrethroid cypermethrin)) في نمو ومحتوى العناصر النزرة لنبات زهرة الشمسHelianthus annus L.

المؤلفون: كريمة فاضل عباس
الصفحات: 91-102
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الخلاصة

The aim of this research was to study the side effect of two common Insecticide Malathion(0.75,1.25,2.5 ml/l ) and Pyrethroid (0.1,0.25,1.0 ml/l) in Helianthus annus plants from physiological aspect which is indicated by growth (plant height, stem diameter, Leaf area, chlorophyll content, vegetative fresh and dry weight, root fresh and dry weight) and Trace metals content of leaves )Ni,Mn,Fe,Zn,Cu.( The results showed that the treatments with Malathion and Pyrethroid led to asignificant decrease of growth properties especially in the high concentration of insecticide , Malathion was more effective compare with pyrethroid which was less, the concentration of trace metals (Mn,Fe,Zn,Cu) decreased with high concentration of Pyrethroid except ) Ni) which was increased. The treatments with Malathion led to the increasing of (Ni,Fe,Zn,Cu) concentration and decreasing of (Mn) concentration.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
The synthesis of alkyl Uracil by using Microwave irradiation and evaluated biological activity

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الخلاصة

The aim of the present study was firstly to synthesize alkyle Uracil 1,3-di(prop-2-ynyl)pyriimide-2,4(1H,3H)-dione Using micro wave irradiation and to evaluate it's biological activity on serum alkaline phosphatase in breast cancer patients. The preparation of the compound took only (20min) in DMF as solvent the identification was carried by FT-IR. The compound showed effect on serum alkaline phosphatase. The type of inhibition was found to be non comparative with Km=0.36×10-2 M and Vmax is 10.0 U/L for the uninhibited enzyme and 6.3 U/L for the inhibited enzyme.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
قصيدة اللافتةاحمد مطر* انموذجاً

المؤلفون: ذكريات طالب حسين --- رفل حسن طه
الصفحات: 102-111
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الخلاصة

This research study a form of writing poetry can be called the poem (of sign) this research stop at the first one writing in this poetical form illustrate the Arabic critics views of this form expounded it is roots and classified in itis features and the limit of it so that I am taken (Ahmed Matar) as apractical sample to explain from him how the Arab poet takes on this poetical form to widen the artistical meanings circle and deem it the renewal in the Arabic poet and it is style

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Histopathological effects of Citrobacter freundii in mice
التأثيرات المرضية النسيجية لجرثومة Citrobacter freundii في الفئران

المؤلفون: ذكرى عدنان جواد
الصفحات: 103-119
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الخلاصة

The research carry out the investigation of histopathological effects of Citrobacter freundii in mice ,the isolate used was obtained from neonate suffering from acute watery diarrhea whom general stool examination showed no parasites,no fungi but culture showed heavy growth of Citrobacter freundii . The isolate was identified according to morphological and biochemical properties and the identification was confermed by using Api 20 E system. In order to know the sublethal dose for mice intraperitoneally injection, the LD50 experiment was done for Citrobacter freundii which was about 3.16×106 cell/mouse. Mice were injected with 106 cell/mouse and grossly and histopathological changes of selected organs were studied. The microscopic examination of stained tissue sections of organs obtained from mice injected with sublethal doses of Citrobacter freundii revealed that this bacteria have severe effects in the tissues obtained from (liver, lung, intestine and kidney). In liver there was odema, hemorrhage, immune cells migration and necrosiswhich is seen also in kidney. The main histopathological changes that seen in spleen was the agrigation of megakaryocytes but in lung there was acute bronchiolitis, cells within the lung tissue and increase of macrophages numbers. It was clear from these results that Citrobacter freundii caused systemic infection which indicated by the reisolation of this organism from mice organs in different ratios.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Evaluation Of Post Insertion Problems Of Complete Denture According To The Recent Classification .

المؤلفون: Areeg Shihab Ahmad
الصفحات: 105-114
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الخلاصة

The objective of this study aimed to diagnose and compare the problems of complete denture after insertion into the patient's mouth . This study was carried out on 40 Iraqi patients with an age range between ( 55 – 65 ) years . Each patient asked about the problems arises after insertion of complete dentures . The questions were asked to the patients is listed according to the recent classification of post insertion problems . Results showed that the percentage of patient's complaint from adaptation problems on wearing complete denture was higher than looseness problems and discomfort problems as followed . The percentage showed that 62.1% complain from adaptation problems , 61.3% complain from looseness problems and 39.3 % complain from discomfort problems . So treating the patient requiring complete dentures is one of the most challenging and demanding aspects of dentistry and assessing the psyche of patients is extremely complex .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
(Agreement on the withdrawing of U.S. troops from Iraq: a vision in the strategic dimensions and the future caveats)
(اتفاقية سحب القوات الأمريكية من العراق : رؤية في الأبعاد الإستراتيجية والمحاذير المستقبلية )

المؤلفون: سامر مؤيد عبد اللطيف
الصفحات: 112-127
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الخلاصة

The agreement of withdrawing the U.S. troops from Iraq may pave the way to liberate Iraq from the seventh chapter which had been knuckled after its occupation for Kuwait in 1991,also it will find a legal and future cover to the American forces. Because of these importance , the agreement has been prelatised for many strategic reviewing among the internal and external powers. In this laden climate, the hard birth occurred for this agreement on a base of getting the possible outcome in order to progress another step to change the station and achieve the security in Iraq. According to these context, we can make our hypothesis which stress that : "the positive outputs of this agreement wouldn’t pass with out losing our sovereignty and our interests" We divided our research in to six parts, the first part displayed the historical roots of relations of two countries. The second part dealt with the manner of concluding the agreement according the Iraqi constitution and the realistic of the political operation As to the third part, we explained the content of agreement to investigate the strategic damnations of it in the fourth part of our research . Then we examined the future pitfalls of these agreement in the fifth part. At last, we studied the political positions and the strategic maneuver of the internal and external powers toward the agreement.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Strongly Prime Fuzzy Ideals
المثاليات الضبابية الأولية القوية

المؤلفون: Areeg T.H. Abou-Dareb
الصفحات: 115-125
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الخلاصة

The main aim of this paper is to extend and study the notions of (ordinary ) prime ideals into prime fuzzy ideals .This lead us to introduce and study other notions of fuzzy ideals and fuzzy homomorphism . Moreover , we study some of prime fuzzy ideals and its relationships with strongly prime fuzzy ideals .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
دراسة بعض المعايير العيانية والمجهرية للسائل المنوي لمرضى عدم الخصوبة

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الخلاصة

This study aims at investigating the parameters of sperms changes in some infertile patients in Kerbala. The macroscopic and microscopic examination of seminal fluid have been measured. Part of this work was done in the laboratories of Kerbala where the samples was collected , while the other part was done in the laboratories of Biology department college of Education Kerbala university. Seminal fluid were collected from 79 infertile men; all of them lived in Kerbala. There were different cases of infertility including. 37 cases with Asthenospermia , 22 cases with Oligospermia, 20 cases with Azoospermia. We also have taken 19 fertile men (they have children) as a control in the study to correlate achange in the data studying . Result of macroscopic examination was appeared there was significant decrease (P<0.05) in the volume mean of seminal fluid in all taken infertile men were of seminal fluid in all taken infertile men as compared with control group while there was significant increase in PH mean in all taken infertile men as compared with control group. Results microscopic examination appeared there was significant decrease (P<0.05) in the concentration of sperms in Olligospermia and Azoospermia and there was no significant changes in Asthenospermia as compared with control group, the results appeared there was significant decrease (P<0.05) in the percent of motility sperms and degree of grade activity in all taken infertile men while there was significant increase (P<0.05) in the percent of abnormal morphology of sperm in Oligospermia and Asthenospermia, while there was significant increase (P<0.05) in the mean of white blood cells in all taken infertile men as compared with control group while blood groups there was up of percent in Asthenospermia and Oligospermia in O group, while up of percent in Azoospermia there was A group, while there was up of percent to fertile men in B group.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Propagation parameters of semiconductor laser

المؤلفون: Haider Y. Hammod --- Adnan H. Ali --- Rawa K.Ibrahim
الصفحات: 126-137
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الخلاصة

A typical shape of the spot laser diameter have been surveyed and measured it`s dimensions and compare the results with the theoretical calculation. As well the intensity distributed along this spot was measure by using (Si) detector . Relative power also have been calculated versus the beam radius for different values of distance from the aperture of diode laser source to the target . it is clear from the empirical results that the increasing of laser power at small values of distance faster than that at large distances , and the spot diameter for different values of distance have smallest value near the source ( distance 20mm ) but it expanded progressively for far distances from the source.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
The Importance of the Process Reducing and Controlling the Marketing Costs in Business OrganizationsAn applied study in Zain Communication Company
أهمية تخفيض التكاليف التسويقية والتحكم فيها لمنظمات الاعمالدراسة تطبيقية في شركة زين للاتصالات

المؤلفون: علي قاسم حسن العبيدي
الصفحات: 128-146
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الخلاصة

Marketing costs are considerd very important to the Business Organizations and essential part of total costs . it has effect on the financial and selling political , total cost and earn profit to the Organizations . Therefore this study pursued the importance of the process reduce the marketing costs to the study sample. The main objective of the study is represented the effect on reducing marketing costs to the market share, total costs , profits levels and competitive situation to the study sample . This study derived importance from the importance and benefits to the process of reducing marketing costs in a study sample and the main role to achieving the organizations goals . This study was ended with some of conclusions and recommendations, from the theoretical and practical sides of the study, which may contribute to the enhancement performance of study sample and helping them accomplish their objectives properly and as required

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Effect of planting system and manure application fertilizer on growth and yield of strawberry ( Fregaria x ananassa Duch)
تأثير طريقة إضافة السماد العضوي ونظام الزراعة في نمو وحاصل شتلات الشليك

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الخلاصة

This study was conducted in the field of Horticultural Research Station at Agricultural College / Tikrit University during spring season of 2009 . The aim was to study the effect of application methods of organic matter on the growth and yield of strawberry plant using two planting systems plastic tunnel and without covering which were conducted in two soil types : loam and gypesium soils. The present study also included four methods of organic matter applications. Control "without organic matter", mixed , ditch mixed with the soil and under the plant . The design of the experinment was Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) with three replications . Results indicated that the application method or organic matter under the plant produced siginficatly greater vegetative growth and yield characteristics compared to other application methods that gave layes number of leaves runners flowers per plant and larger leaf area . This application method also gave grater number of fruits per plantheares weight per fruit and grater yield . Covered planting method showed signicant increases in all studied vegetative and fruit characteris compared to uncovered method . The effect of the interaction between organic application method and planting system was significant while organic method application under the plant using covered planting method shwed higher growth values for the studied characterietes .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
PAIRWISE SEPARATION AXIOMS ININTUITIONISTIC TOPOLOGICAL SPACES

المؤلفون: Rewayda Razaq Mohsin
الصفحات: 138-143
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الخلاصة

في هذا البحث قدمنا تعريف بديهيات الفصل الزوجية وتعريف للفضاء التبولوجي الثنائي وناقشنا العلاقة بين فضاء التبولوجي المضاعف وفضاء التبولجي الثنائي من خلال تعميم هذه التعاريف

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
PAIRWISE SEPARATION AXIOMS IN INTUITIONISTIC TOPOLOGICAL SPACES

المؤلفون: Rewayda Razaq Mohsin
الصفحات: 138-143
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الخلاصة

The concept of intuitionistic topological space was introduced by Çoker .The aim of this paper is to generalize bitopological notions of separation to intuitionistic topological spaces .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Study Corrosion Resistance & Wear Sliding in alloy(Al-Fe-V-Si ) and ( Al-Fe-V-Si- Zr ) In Different Medium
دراسة مقاومة التآكل والبلى ألانزلاقي في السبائك ( Al-Fe-V-Si ) و ( Al-Fe-V-Si-Zr ) في أوساط مختلفة .

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الخلاصة

This study deals with the corrosion behavior and wear sliding of two alloys (Al-Fe-V-Si) and ( Al-Fe-V-Si-Zr ) . The corrosion tests were done by (immersion specimens in different solutions , to inustrate the effect of temperature on the corrosion behavior , sliding wear test , microscopic examination) .The result of simple immersion test in different solutions (distill water , natural water, salt solution (3 % NaCl wt%), Acidic solution (3% HCl vol%) and (3% NaOH vol%) at room temperature showed different corrosion behavior for the used alloy under the same condition.The alloy (Al-Fe-V-Si-Zr) showed significant superiority in the corrosion resistance than alloy (Al-Fe-V-Si ) in the all corrosion tests , except the testes in salt solution ; which firstly showed that the alloy (Al-Fe-V-Si) superiority on the alloy (Al-Fe-V-Si-Zr) ; then the test showed superiority alloy (Al-Fe-V-Si-Zr) . The result appears that the alkaline medium is more effect on the alloys than the other types of medium .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Design and Implementation of Digital IC Tester Interface to IBM Compatible Computer
تصميم وتنفيذ جهاز اختبار الدوائر المتكاملة الرقمية موصول بالحاسبة الشخصية المتوافقة مع نظام أي بي ام

المؤلفون: Ali Fawzi Najm AL-Shammari
الصفحات: 144-154
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الخلاصة

IC (Integrated Circuit) is important part of electronic circuits, as it has a low cost, small size, high speed, and many other good features. In general, IC’s are classified into analogue IC’s and digital IC’s, the word digital refer that the device can read and write digital signal only which consists of tow levels (logic 0 and logic 1). This paper discusses the design and implementation of digital IC tester interfaced to IBM compatible computer which enable fast and reliable digital IC testing. Proposed digital IC tester interfaced to computer via parallel port. Device designed to test and analyzes Digital IC behavior in order to verify if it works properly or not. At many cases, digital IC’s must be tested in order to know the damage location in large and complex electronic circuits, The software that drives the device programmed in visual C++ which enables fast data transmission through parallel port and gives the user the flexibility to test different kind of digital IC’s and adds their data sheets to program data base in order to increase software capability.

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Article
الخوارج في خلافة أمير المؤمنينعلي بن أبي طالب ( عليه السلام )

المؤلفون: علاوي مـــزهر مزعل
الصفحات: 147-156
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الخلاصة

This research deals with the subject of "Al-khawarj" in Imam Ali's (peace be upon him) Government . It had an important in history of Islam. Due to the influence of these groups on the structure of Islamic religion and the unity between Muslim. So we read the views of these groups and their judgements. And we find they are similar in thoughts "while some ofthese go awayin their opinions and judgementsthought it may be explained by others who are not muslmsare extremely views and far away from Islam teachings. So it may makessome doubts upon the religion of these groups. The appearance of this group comes in many narrations , same of these say they were in Mohammed's ( peace be upon him and progen) life so we discuss these narrations in the items of this research , but others say they had been in the ago Abu Bakir , and others told us they had been in the age of Imam Ali and he is the firstone who fightedthem to rid their fault opinions , so they are going to fight anyone who are rejected their opinions , so they are appeareadin the age of Aldawlah– Amawiyahand then they had been in the days of Al-dawbh Al-Abbassiyah. The resionof their appearance during the age of Imam Ali his disacceptanc. theoperation of judgementduring the Safinswar 37-38 in Hijrah, inspite the most of Muslims wish to operate the judgementbetween the two sides. So Imam Ali was fightedthem in Al- Nahrawanwar , and he won in this battle and he rids their fault thought.

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Article
Study the effect of some different colour lights on some of the Biological aspects of Callosobruchus maculatus (Fabricus)(Coleoptera:Bruchidae)
دراسة تأثير بعض ألوان الضوء المختلفة على بعض الجوانب الحياتية لخنفساء اللوبياء الجنوبية Callosobruchus maculates(Fabricus)(Coleoptera:Bruchidae)

المؤلفون: سحر عبد خضير --- عماد احمد محمود
الصفحات: 150-152
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الخلاصة

This study aimed to investigated the effect of some colors on the biological aspects of Callosobruchus maculates by treated with green, yellow, red and blue lights, in addition to control (dark). The result revealed that the blue color was the most effective on egg hatching, larval stage, pupal stage and adult emergence,it gave value 97% for egg hatching compaired with control which it gave 100%, and (16.96,18.17)day for larval and pupal stages respectively,compared to the control that was 10,9 day for larval and pupal stages respectively . The result revealed that the blue color was the most effective on the number of adults emereging and sex ratio was 40%compared to control 80%.

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Article
دراسة في بعض التغيرات الهرمونية وعلاقتها بالمعايير الفسلجية للسائل المنوي لمرضى عدم الخصوبة

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الخلاصة

The aim of This study was investigating the hormonal levels relationship between hormone and physiological parameters of sperms in some infertile patients in Kerbala. The levels of Luteinizing hormone (LH), Prolactine hormone (PRL), Testosterone (T) in blood serum, and microscopic examination of seminal fluid have been measured. Part of this work was done in the laboratories of Kerbala where the samples was collected, while the other part was done in the laboratories of Biology department, college of Education Kerbala university . Blood samples were collected from infertile men .There were 49 men in different cases of infertility including. 26 cases with Asthenospermia , 12 cases with Oligospermia,and 11 cases with azoospermia. We also have taken 11 fertile men (they have children) as a control in the study to correlate a change in the data studying.the sera were separated ,Then the levels hormones were measured using Enzyme linked Immunosorbrnt assay (ELISA) of hormonal analysis, the results could be summarized as follows: Measured of levels hormones was appeared there was significant increase (P<0.05) in the levels of luitinizing hormone in Oligospermia patients, while there were no significant differences in the levels of hormone in the Asthenospermia and Azoospermia. There was significant increase (P<0.05) in the levels of Prolaction hormone in Oligospermia and Azoospermia patients, while there were no significant differences in the levels of the hormone in Asthenospermia also there was significant decrease (P<0.05) in the levels of testosterone in Asthenospermia and Azoospermia while there were no significant decrease in the levels of that hormone in Oligospermia. While the relationships between hormones and other parameters could be summarized as follows: There was no relationship between the levels of LH hormone and concentration of sperms and grade activity in Asthenospermia while there was significant relationship (P<0.05) between the levels of LH hormone and percent of sperms motility and there was no significant relationship (P>0.05) between levels of LH hormone and percent of abnormal morphology of sperm, while there was significant relationship between the levels of LH hormone and the mean of white blood cells in all taken infertile men. While Oligospermia there was significant relationship between the levels of LH hormone and concentration of sperms and the degree of grade activity, while there was no significant relationship between the levels of LH hormone and the percent of sperms motility, while there was no significant relationship between the levels of hormone and the percent of abnormal sperms. There was no significant relationship between the levels of prolactine hormone and concentration of sperms in Asthenospermia and Oligospermia, while there was significant relationship between the levels of of hormone and the percent of sperms motility in Asthenospermia and Oligospermia and there was no significant relationship between the levels of hormone and the degree of grade activity in Asthenospermia and Oligospermia, while the relationship was no significant between the levels of hormone and percent of abnormal sperms in Asthenosperms while there was no significant relationship between the levels of hormone and the number of white blood cells in Asthenospermia and Azoospermia, while Oligospermia there was no relationship. While there was no relationship between the levels of testosterone and concentration of sperms in Asthenospermia, while there was significant relationship in Oligospermia , there was significant relationship between the levels of hormone and the percent of motility sperms and the degree of agrsde activity in Asthenospermia and Oligospermia, while there was no significant relationship between the levels of hormone and percent of abnormal sperms, there was significant relationship in Oligospermia, while there was significant relationship between the levels of hormone and the mean of white blood cells in Asthenospermia and Oligospermia, while there was no significant relationship between it and the levels of hormone in Azoospermia.

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Article
Using Buffer Saline in High Dilution to Measure the Concentration of Conjugated and Total Bilirubin in Newborn

المؤلفون: Alaa M.Alrubae --- Rashid J. Abdulah
الصفحات: 155-163
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الخلاصة

In this work conjugated and total bilirubin in infants were measured using microliter of blood. Such measurments are quite valuable in jaundice of newborn when very small volumes of serum can be used ( about 10µl ). This method relys on using buffer saline to dilute small amount of infant's blood in order to measure the concentration of conjugated and total bilirubin. Such method has the advantage of preventing exposing the newborns the risks of blood aspiration.

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Article
دور الدولة الاقتصاديو مهمات إصلاح الاقتصاد العراقي

المؤلفون: عدنان حسين يونس
الصفحات: 157-171
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الخلاصة

The economical role of the state related to many political and economical variables, and some of these variables linked to the state of financial and economical crises in the universal capitalism. In an attempt to reduce the impacts of those crises by the proposals of the ideological schools support the increasing of intervention of the state in the economic issues, or those call for non-intervention or reduce the social and economic role of the state. In addition those variables linked to the global changes those occurred broadly toward the economics of market as well as toward globalizing the economies by increasing the economical inserting. Those variables has shared-in particular from the beginning of 90s decade from the last century in increasing the economical and social role of the state in the many outgrowth countries within re-markets and increasing the incorporation with universal capitalism. In Iraq, the economical role of state after 2003 took a method close to the economics of market as well as opening to the international economical foundations in addition to apply the programs of international monetary fund (IMF) and international bank , in conditions that Iraq is without regulation and absence the readiness of the public to issue a sample to be suitable for market economics to enforce the role of state and support the resources of social well-being. The problem of research focuses on the decrease of social services in Iraq within the increasing the equalizers of poverty and unemployment and fall back the share of goods economical sectors in founding the gross domestic product (GDP), besides the relying upon the oil financial resources.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
تحضير الكاشف العضوي2}(4،2 ثنائي مثيل فنيل ) ازو{ -5،4- ثنائي فنيل اميدازول ازو واستخدامه في التقدير الطيفي لايون النيكلII

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الخلاصة

The research includes the preparation of organic reagent 2[(2,4 Dimethyl phenyl) azo}- 4,5 diphenyl imidazol , and this reagent identified by using F.T.I.R. and Uv. Vis. Techniques, then using of determination of Nickel(II). When preparation of complex from reaction organic reagent with Nickel(II) ion at PH 4 and 1:2 from center ion to organic reagent at lmax 483 nm and molar absorptivity 1.995 x 10+3 L. mol-1 .cm-1, Beer s law was obeyed in the range ( 0.25 -3.0 )µg.ml-1 ,and the stability constant of this complex 1.4 *107 L2.mole2 The precision and accuracy determine by ( Erel , Re , R.S.D )% is (-1.23,98.77,1.6 )% respectively ,then use some material to masking of the interferences ions and finely applied this method of measurement of Nickel in teeth alloy

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Design And Evaluation Of MANETs Connected To Internet

المؤلفون: Ahmed Abdulhadi Ahmed --- Haider Galil Al-Qurabi --- Ali Abdulhussien Hassan
الصفحات: 164-176
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الخلاصة

The Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) was designed to provide reliable end-to-end delivery of data over unreliable networks. In practice, most TCP deployments have been carefully designed in the context of wired networks. Ignoring the properties of wireless ad-hoc networks can lead to TCP implementations with poor performance. A mobile ad-hoc network is a collection of nodes that is connected through a wireless medium forming rapidly changing topologies. In this paper, two MANET (Mobile Ad-hoc NETwork) networks are connected across an IP-Based internet network. The MANET is connected to the IP network through a MANET gateway that is running a MANET routing protocol and an IP routing protocol (or static routing) on one of its interfaces. A MANET gateway is any wireless LAN router that has its MANET Gateway attribute enabled. The MANET routing protocol that used is AODV(Ad-hoc On Demand Distance vector) and the TCP variants that used is Taho, Reno and NewReno and the number of mobile nodes will be 3, 5, and 7 for each scenario that used in the simulation. After running the simulation, the results showed that the max throughput was in the scenario that has 5 nodes. This means that when increase the number of nodes above 5, the throughput will decrease. The simulation environment is designed and modeled and the result is collected under the powerful network simulation tool that called OPNET Modeler 14.

الكلمات الدلالية

TCP --- MANET --- AODV --- Taho --- Reno --- NewReno --- IP-Based Network


Article
Effect of different levels of urea and superphosphate fertilizers on some morphological and physiological characters of fenugreek plant (Trigonella foenum-graecum L.)
تأثير مستويات مختلفة من سمادي اليوريا والسوبر فوسفات في بعض الصفات المظهرية والفسلجية لنبات الحلبة Fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum L.)

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الخلاصة

An experiment was conducted using pots (capacity of 4 kg soil/pot) in the glasshouse of Biology Dept. College of Education (Ibn Al-Haitham) University of Baghdad during 2008-2009 growing season, in order to determine the effect of different levels of urea fertilizer (Zero,0.1,0.2,0.4 gm/4 kg soil in pot) these equal to (Zero,100,200,400 kg/ha) and different levels of superphosphate fertilizer (Zero,0.1,0.2 gm/4kg soil in pot), these equal to (Zero,100,200 kg/ ha) on some morphological and physiological characteristics of fenugreek plant . This experiment was conducted using Completely Randomized Design (C.R.D) with three replications and the experiment included (36) pots. Results indicated clear increase in all studied characteristics with increasing urea and superphosphate levels added to pots. The levels (400 kg urea/ha and 200 kg superphosphate/ha) were best giving high values of these characteristics (dry matter weight, absolute growth rate, biomass duration and total chlorophyll content) compared with other levels of treatment.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Effect of use different Levels of Zingiber officinale on Proteins and Blood Sugar in Awassi Ewe’s Blood
تأثير إستخدام مستويات مختلفة من الزنجبيل ( Zingiber officinale ) على مستوى البروتينات وسكر الكلوكوز في دم النعاج العواسية

المؤلفون: أحـمد محـمـد محـمـد زكري
الصفحات: 177-182
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الخلاصة

This study was conduced in Animal Farm , College of Veterinary Medicine , Baghdad University with 8 weeks ( 8/3/2010-22/4/2010 ) to study effect of use different Levels of Zingiber officinale on total proteins , Albumin , Globulin and Glucose in Awassi Ewe’s blood.Nine Awassi Ewes aged one years and half were divided into 3 equal treatments as followed : Treatment A were given 10 gm Zingiber officinale / animal daily with diet While treatment B were given 20 gm Zingiber officinale / animal daily with diet and treatment C considered as control without given Zingiber officinale with diet , The results showed that total proteins and Albumin level were significantly increase (P<0.05) in blood in treatment B during weeks of study compare with the treatments A and C , Zingiber officinale in treatment B play an important role to increase Globulin significantly (P<0.05) compare with treatments A and C ,We found that Glucose level was decreased significantly (P<0.05)in blood in treatment B during weeks of study compare with the treatments A and C .In general we conclude , that given 20 gm of Zingiber officinale / animal daily in diet will increase Total proteins , albumin and Globulin and decrease glucose level in ewe’s blood and play a good role in enhancements of animal hygiene and become healthy from diseases

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
The effect of oral folic acid supplementation on the course of acute infantile diarrhea

المؤلفون: Eman jabbar K. Alghizzi --- Rajaa Jabbar Kadhum
الصفحات: 177-182
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الخلاصة

To evaluate the effect of folic acid on the course & management of acute infantile diarrhea to decrease the burden on the families & health services,150 infants aged 2-24months with history of acute diarrhea of 1-10 days duration were randomly selected from Al-zahraa teaching hospital in Najaf city .75 patients were received folic acid in a dose of 5mg at 8 hrs intervals in addition to the hospital treatment of acute diarrhea & the other 75 patients did not receive folic acid & left as a control group. The admission characteristics were comparable in both groups. Both groups were followed up during hospitalization for signs of improvement or complications & the period of hospitalization .the mean period of hospitalization ± 1SD was 3.09 vs.3.04 days for the folic acid vs. the control group respectively. The findings, therefore, should suggest the prevention of unjustified use of folic acid to shorten the hospitalization period of hospitalized infants with acute diarrhea.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Studding effect of loading on human resources allocation and smoothing for Building Project of scientific departments , practical application in TechnicalInstitute of Babylon
دراسة تأثير التحميل على تخصيص وتسوية الموارد البشرية لمشروع بناية الأقسام العلمية حالة تطبيقية في المعهد التقني – بابل

المؤلفون: زهير حسن عبدا لله
الصفحات: 183-199
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الخلاصة

This research dealt studding and analyzing networks of the constructing building one scientific department project in the technical institute of Babylon with using the critical path method by determination of required activities and guessed work times for carrying out it, with using number of workers as another resource of loading which was arriving it by seeking of help from engineering staff supervisor on that building with purpose arriving for critical path that determination total duration of time to carry out of the project. This research aims to first, use Gantt chart to present initial loading planning for estimated durations so as to arrive distinguished durations and number of labors which required for every duration. Second, use histogram to present loading mean and initial loading planning of distinguished durations to analyze the type of loading if excess or deficient or equivalent loading with the aim of arriving to an optimal loading planning and this through studding possibility of reloading to elastic activities during of final duration of time to carry out of project. Results appear final duration of time to carry out of project is equal (495 day) and loading mean during allocation and smoothing is (60 labor/day) and value of variance before smoothing is equal (56 %) and after smoothing is equal (40 %).


Article
Preparation and Evaluation of Anti-viral Topical Gel Formulations Containing Salicylic Acid for the Treatment of Common Warts

المؤلفون: Nadia A. Al-Assady --- Sahera G.Sayyah --- Ayad I. Haddad
الصفحات: 183-190
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الخلاصة

In this study, we developed a new product for assessing antiviral activity for treatment the human wart, this product include gel containing a salicylic acid with oxidant agent. Thirty patients were treated. The treatment involved application of the gel each day by the patients. Every 1-2 weeks under the supervision of Dermatologist, the percentage of patients cleared of warts is 100%.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
A.C Conductivity of (PS-PC) Blends Films
التوصيلية الكهربائية المتناوبة لأغشية ا لخلطات(PS-PC)

المؤلفون: Ahmad A.Hasan --- Bushra A.Hasan
الصفحات: 191-202
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الخلاصة

Measurements of A.C conductivity of Polystyrene and Polycarbonate (PS-PC) blends over frequency range (102-106Hz)and temperature range (293-473K) shows that the A.C conductivity fellows the empirical formula σa.c(w)=Aws,where(s) lies between (0.45880-0.6317),the σa.c(w) declared exponentially dependence on the reciprocal of absolute temperature for all samples .The activation energies (Eac) of blends samples were lower than those of pure PS and PC samples. The results were interpreted that the resistivity difference accompanied the PC addition to PS.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
EFFECT OF NITROGEN FERTILIZATION AND FOLIAR SPRAYING WITH VITAMIN C ON THE GROWTH, SEEDS YIELD AND ESSENTIAL OILS OF FENNEL (Foeniculum vulgare var. vulgare Mill.)
تأثير التسميد النتروجيني والرش بفيتامين ج في نمو وحاصل البذور لنبات الحبة الحلوة Foeniculum vulgare var.vulgare Mill. وزيوتها الطيارة

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الخلاصة

An experiment was conducted during the growing season of 2008/2009 in the fields of the College of Agriculture / University of Basrah to study the effect of nitrogen fertilization and foliar spraying with vitamin C on growth, seed yield of fennel and its essential oils . This experiment included 9 treatments combination resulted from the interaction between the addition of three levels of nitrogen fertilizer 0 , 75 and 150 kg N/ha and three concentrations of vitamin C 0 , 15 and 30 mg/liter. Randomized Complete Block Design was used with three replications . Revised Least Significant Differences (R.L.S.D) was used. Test was used at probability of 5% to compare mean variations . Result can be summarized as follows: Increasing nitrogen levels, significantly increased plant height and fresh weights of plant, whereas, the level 75 kg N/ha gave the highest significant increase in number of lateral branches, number of leaves per plant, the number of inflorescence , number of florets/plant, seeds yield/plant and the oil yield/plant. Spraying of vitamin C at 30 mg/L significantly increased number of lateral branches, the essential Oil Percentage, whereas the spraying of vitamin C at 15 mg/L significantly increased the number of inflorescence , number of florets/plant, specific gravity and density of oil . There was a significant effect of the interaction between the two factors on all studdied parameters.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Fatigue Behavior of unsaturated Polyester/ Polyvinyl ChloridePolymer system Reinforced with E-glass fibre
دراسة سلوك الكلل لخلائط البوليستر بولي فينايل كلورايد المدعمة بالالياف الزجاجية

المؤلفون: EkramA.A --- Mohammed K.J --- Kawakib J.M
الصفحات: 203-209
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الخلاصة

Fatigue behavior of “unsaturated polyester /Polyvinyl Chloride” blends with different weight percentage of PVC(10%,20%,30%),unreinforced and reinforced with one and two laminates of chopped mat E-glass fibre were studied. Bending fatigue loading (Fixed Strain Technique) through out subjecting sinusoidal loading was used to obtain the bending moment mb and bending stress versus cycles number .The effect weight percentage of PVC, and laminates number of E-glass fibre on the fatigue behavior were investigated by determining the fatigue strength and fatigue life from the plotted S-N curves. The results show that the increasing of PVC-content and E-glass fibres laminate lead to increase the fatigue strength and enhancing fatigue life.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Statistical and Epidemiological Study of Infection with Cutaneous Leishmaniasis that Caused byLeishmania tropica Parasite in Karbala City
دراسة إحصائية ووبائية عن الإصابة بداء اللشــمانية الجلدية المتسبب عن طفيلي Leishmania tropica في محافظة كربلاء

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الخلاصة

This Epidemiological study was conduct to detect the numbers of patients and morbidity rates of parasitic cutaneous infections in the general Hussain hospital in Karbala city during the period between 132009 and 2822010. 2389 patients was examined to diagnosis Leishmania tropica via direct microscopical examination and confirm by used immunoflorescent test in additional to case history and clinical signs that appear on the patients. The results were compared according to patient sex , age , and address as well as the weather. Results showed that there were no significant differences between males and females so had been recorded infection of 57 cases by Leishmania tropica with rate 1.73% from which 31 males and 26 females with rates 54.39% , 45.61% respectively . The age group (21-30 years) in males there was 11 infection cases with the highest rate 73.33% , and the morbidity rate was decreased in the age group(41-70 years ) that in which there was one infection with rate 33.33% , but in females the morbidity rate with younger age group (one day – 10 years)was increased which was11 cases in compared with that ages ranged between (41-60 years) which was 2infected females with rates 68.75% and 66.67% respectively ,while there was no any infection in the group age of (61-70 years). The infection was increased in the high density regions that have poor medical services and presents of intermediate host of the parasite as in AL- Hur region was 7 cases with rate 12.281% but infection rates was decreased in other regions that have good live conditions . Finally the cold months of years was record higher infections in which there were 7 infection cases in males with rate 50% and in female we found the same results that which recorded in males during December in compared with that hot seasons of years.

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Article
Exploration About Fecal-Coliform bacteria of Al-Hawizeh Marsh Shorelines / Basrah / Iraq
التحري عن بكتيريا القولون في حواف هور الحويزة / البصرة / العراق

المؤلفون: Mohammed J. S. Al-Haidarey --- Dafer A. Al-Kufi --- Meison A. Al-Selamy
الصفحات: 210-218
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الخلاصة

Triplicate samples were collected in 250 ml sterile glass bottles from 13 wet stations in shoreline of Al-Hawizeh Marsh, during June, ِAug, Dec (2008), and March (2009) for investigated the total count of bacteria (TC), most probability number of Coliform bacteria (MPN), and some water parameters includes: electrical conductivity (EC), salinity (Sal), dissolved oxygen (DO), and pH were determined. The results shown that the TC of bacteria were significant elevation in station 13 (5.167 × 103 CFU/ ml during Dec to 13.9× 103 CFU/ ml during March), when compared with station 10 (0.031 × 103 CFU/ ml during Dec. to 0.327 × 103 CFU/ ml during Jun). However, E coli elucidate significantly in stations 5, 7, and 13 when compared with stations 3, 9, and 10 (varied between 1.7 × 103 CFU/100 ml in station 13, to 0.008 × 103 CFU/100 ml in station 10). The significant differences between all sites for all months was clarified by the analysis of variance (ANOVA). The correlation between TC and MPN of bacteria with dissolved oxygen and pH were negative significant , with salinity and electrical conductivity were positive significant in level 0.01.

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Article
تأثير تراكيز مختلفة من كلوريد الكادميوم و الليثيوم في بعض الدلائل الكيموحيوية لذكور الأرانب النيوزلندية

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الخلاصة

This study aimed to Know the effect of Cadmium (Cd) and Lithium on the parameters for the male Newzeland rabbits ,The rabbits were injected with three different concentrations (4, 8, 12) mg/Kg of Cadmium chloride and (5, 10, 15) mg/Kg of Lithium chloride and the treatments were replicated eight times. The effect of Cadmium and Lithium on some biochemical parameters including Glutamic Oxalo-transaminase enzyme (GOT) ,Glutamic Oxalo-transaminase enzyme (GPT) ,Glucose concentration ,Cholesterol concentration , Total protein concentration and The electrolytes concentration (Na+, K+ , Ca++).The results of this study showed:- • Significant decrease (p<0.05) in Glucose concentration, Cholesterol concentration, Total protein concentration, Electrolytes concentration and, for all the treatments of Cadmium and Lithium. • Significant increase(p<0.05) in GPT and GOT enzymes for all the treatments of Cadmium and Lithium.

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Article
Determination of Mercury concentration in the sediment and blood samples of fuel stations area using cold vapor atomic absorption spectrometry

المؤلفون: Ibrahim M. Jassim
الصفحات: 219-224
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الخلاصة

A cold mercury vapor atomic absorption spectroscopy (CVAAS) Technique has been used for the determination of mercury in both of blood and sediment samples. After the blood Samples were digested in a mixture of (3:2:1) [Nitric, Perchloric and sulfuric concentrated acids] respectively and a sediment samples were digested in a mixture of (1:1) [Nitric and Hydrochloric concentrated acids] , a 25% (W/V) of Tin Chloride has been added as a reduction agent also a 1% (W/V) of Potassium dichromate have been added in order to improve sensitivity of measurements. The results show that average of mercury contents in the fuel stations worker blood samples are in range [22-36] ng/ml; whereas its contents in the fuel station area sediment samples are in range [30-48] ng/g.

الكلمات الدلالية

Mercury --- Sediment --- Blood --- Cold Vapor --- Atomic Absorption


Article
Numerical Simulation of Temperature Distribution during Short Pulse Laser Processing of Aluminum Thin Films

المؤلفون: HASSANEEN JABBAR ABD
الصفحات: 225-234
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الخلاصة

Fourier equation does not accurately predict the transient temperature during microscale laser heating of thin films. Therefore, non-Fourier behaviors may be significant for such microscale applications as pulsed-laser processing of metal and semiconductors, thin-film applications, and even laser surgery. A numerical model is developed to represent the temperature distribution during ultra short pulsed laser processing of aluminum thin films. The model developed is based on the solution of non-Fourier heat conduction problem with different thermal fluxes using explicit finite differences method. A computer program Quick-Basic language was built to perform the solution. The results of Non-Fourier heat conduction equation were compared with the results of Fourier heat conduction equation and showed that when the time increased Non-Fourier equation will be Fourier equation. The results showed that when increased the heat flux greater than the problem convert from one-dimensional non-Fourier heat conduction to one-dimensional non-Fourier phase change.

الكلمات الدلالية

non-Fourier --- heat conduction --- short pulse laser


Article
تاثيرعقار الكلبنكلامايد Glibenclamide في بعض معاير الدم الوظيفية لمرضى داء السكرفي كربلاء

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الخلاصة

The present study include the effect of the drug Glibenclamide which is used for patients complaining from insulin- independent diabetic patints.Some functional –blood standards for male and female diabetic patient who use different doses of th drug (5&10 Mg per day) for apriod of time ranging from 3years to 5 years were stadied.The blood standards ,they include hemoglobine level ,the WBC count the bleeding time and coagulating of blood and blood films. The sample used in experiment is classified into four groups due to patients age they are :- 1- first group includes those patients whose ages ranging from 30 to 39 years. 2- second group includes those patients whose ages ranging fro 40 to 49 years. 3- the third group contains those patients whose ages ranging from 50 to 59 years. 4- the fourth group consists of those patients whose ages surpassing 60 years. The results of the diabetic patients were compared with the control group which is classified to age –group that are similar to the experimental group . The resulte were : • The research shows that there is significant(p<0.05) increasing of the time of the bleeding with the male- users of 10mg/day for the first age –group of the females .however ,it shows also ,that the increasing can be found with the females users of 5mg from th third age group and the fourth age-group. • The research shows that there is significant(p<0.05)of the time of coagulating with the male –users of 5mg/day for the second and the third age-group .and the same results of increasing have been found with the females- users 10mg/day from the first ,the second and the third age –group. • The rate of hemoglobine has decreased at the sign (p<0.05) with the female users of 5mg/day for the fourth age –group .as for the dose 10mg/day it has reached the same results for the third and the fourth age-group .but such results are restricted to the females of the fourth age –group only. • As for he number of the white blood cells(wbc) ,it has decreased at the sign (p<0.05) when the dos 10 mg/day is used by the fourth male –age –group and the second –female age group • The blood films shows two cases : Anisocromia and Hypocromia

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Article
Study of the changes in some serum electrolytes and trace elements levels in patients with burn injuries
دراسة التغييرات لبعض الشوارد الكهربائية والعناصر النادرة في مصل الدملاصابات الحروق

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الخلاصة

This study was designed to estimate the changes in some electrolytes and trace elements in serum of patients with burn injuries ,since the levels of these substances are very important in letting the health care team to know how the body is responding to the different therapies that being provided and this will help the medical staff for proper management with less morbidity and mortality . The study lasted from October /2008 to April /2009. There are 125 patients and 100 healthy controls (clinically assessed by specialist physician) are taken in this study .The patients were classified in 5 groups according to age group and each group composed from 25 patients .The ages of these groups were divided as follows: the first group (1-<3 years) ; the second group (3-<5 years) ; the third group (5-<10 years) ;the fourth group (10 - <18 years);and the fifth group (18 - 58 years old ) . Those patients were admitted to the burn unit at Al-Hilla General Teaching Hospital with 20 -25 % degree of burn . They were suffering from second to third degree (flame and scald) burn injury . Regarding the serum electrolytes , serum sodium shows a significant decrease before resuscitation and significant increase within 2 days duration after resuscitation while the serum potassium exhibits significant increase before resuscitation and shows significant decrease within 2 days duration after resuscitation for male and female burn patients of all age groups . Finally , the serum of calcium ,copper and zinc shows significant decrease for males and females of all age groups except the males of first and fourth groups and the females of first and fifth group which show significant decrease for zinc only in comparison with healthy controls .

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Article
Synthesis and Characterization of a Quadridentate Ligand Type N4 and Their Complexes with Some Metal Ions
تحضير وتشخيص الليكاند رباعي السن نوع N4 ومعقداته مع بعض الايونات الفلزية

المؤلفون: Taghreed M. D. Musa --- Salam A. H. AL- Ameri --- Reyadh M. Ahmed
الصفحات: 242-254
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الخلاصة

A quadridentate ligand type N4 has been prepared by reaction of one equivalent of di-ethyl phthalate with two equivalent ethylene diamine under N2 atmosphere , which gives one equivalent of [N, N`-Bis-(2-amino- ethyl) Phthalamide] (I), then reaction of the condensation of product (I) with [ 2,5- hexane- dione] under N2 atmosphere gave quadridentate ligand [H2L] type N4,(10,13-Dimethyl-6,7,8,11,12,15,16,17-octahydro-6,9,14 ,17-tetraaza-benzocyclohexadecene-5,18-dione ) . Complexes of the ligand [H2L] with Cr+3 , Co+2 ,Ni+2, Pd+2, Cu+2, Zn+2, Cd+2 and Hg+2 ions in general formula [MLXn]m were prepared Where M=Cr+3, X =Cl, n=2, m=+1, and M= Co+2 , Ni+2, Pd+2, , Zn+2, Cd+2 and Hg+2 ions, X=0, n=0, m=+2, and M= Cu+2 , X=Cl , n=2, m=0. The Ligand and it's complexes have been characterized by microanalyses of elements, CHN along with conductivity measurement and magnetic moment, spectroscopic methods, (UV-Vis) IR and flame atomic absorption spectroscopy . The results showed that the suggested and proposed molecular structure for Cr+3 and Cu+2 complexes was octahedral, and for pd+2 and Ni+2 complexes was square planner, while for Co+2, Zn+2 ,Cd+2 and Hg+2 complexes are tetrahedral.

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Article
Modified Thermal Insulator

المؤلفون: Ali Aziz Abbas
الصفحات: 255-264
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الخلاصة

In this search new modified phenolic resin was prepared by introducing boron and nitrogen atoms through chemical reactions. This modified resin was characterized by infra- red spectroscopy technique. The results showed that boron and nitrogen atoms presence in the resin. Moreover this resin used as matrix for carbon filler in order to prepare composite material .Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and the pyrolysis parameter like ablative time, erosion rate, were determined .The results showed that modified resin higher thermal stability than unmodified resin, moreover addition of carbon filler to modified resin increase the thermal stability.

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Article
Prediction Downpull Force on Tunnel Gate with Different Gate Lip Geometry
تنبؤ قوة السحب المسلطة على بوابات نفق السد ذات شفة بأشكال مختلفة

المؤلفون: Shaymaa A. M. Alhashimi --- Mustafa T. Al-Kifae --- Rassul M. Almaini
الصفحات: 273-288
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الخلاصة

Vertical lift tunnel gates are subjected to hydrostatic and hydrodynamic forces produced as a result of operating condition over a wide range of partial openings, discharge and heads. Among these forces is the unbalanced vertical hydrodynamic force resulting from the difference between the downward force on the top of gate within the gate shaft and the upward force on the gate bottom, the net resultant of these two forces is termed as a downpull force. The estimation of downpull force requires the determination of the top and bottom pressure coefficient (KT and KB) which affected by the geometry of gate bottom and the rate of flow passing over the top surface of gate. A two-dimensional CFD model is applied to predict a downpull coefficient (KT and KB) which is named as FLUENT program. The finite volume method is employed on a Reynolds averaged Navier-Stokes equations. The turbulence effects are simulated using the standard (k-ε) model. The simulation model is used for relevant experimental data obtained from hydraulic model tests conducted in laboratory for nine gate lip shape with nine gate openings for each gate lip geometry. The procedure is applied to estimate the pressure coefficients (KT and KB) for different gate bottom geometry. The results illustrate that the inclined gate lip shape with angle of (θ = 35o) given a minimum positive values of downpull force. Also, the downpull coefficient depends mainly on the magnitudes and the distribution of (KB) for a given value of (b2/b1). A general statistical model is built to predict the bottom pressure coefficient for any gate lip geometry.


Article
Complications of closed reamed intramedullary nailing inDiaphyseal closed fractures tibia.

المؤلفون: Firas Mohamed Abdul Ghani --- Ali Farouk --- Ahmed Sabeeh Abid Ali Al- Zubaidi
الصفحات: 299-304
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الخلاصة

Fractures tibia are common and many modalities for the treatment are available the most recent one is intramedullary nails with closed and reamed method, however other modalities like casting are still used. Objectives: To evaluate the complications of closed interlocking intramedullary nailing in closed diaphyseal fractures of tibia regarding the infection rate, time for union, malalignment and knee joint pain and stiffness. Design: Prospective study. Setting and Timing: Department of orthopedic surgery in Al-Kadhmiya Teaching Hospital from Dec. 2007- Dec.2009. Patient and Methods : All the patients admitted to the emergency department of the hospital and operated within 72 hours . The study is based on 35 patients including males and females having closed tibial diaphyseal fractures of skeletally mature persons (closed proximal and distal physes) Results: Out of the thirty five (35) patient, follow up was missed in two patients, the other (33) patients were followed for a period of one year. The mean time for union was 14.4 weeks. Union rate was 91 %, delayed union in two patients (6 %). Non union in one patient (3%). Infection was noticed in three patient (9%). Loss of the reduction in two patient (6%) in a proximal third fracture. Knee joint pain in four patients (12.1%) all of them of mild grade and easily ignored. Conclusion: From the study we concluded that closed intramedullay nailing of closed tibia diaphyseal fractures is advantageous because of early mobility, low risk of infection, good union rate, low risk of malalignment and low risk of significant knee joint pain.

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Article
Some volumetric properties of aqueous solution of Polyvinyl alcohol over temperature range 298.15-328.15K.
بعض الخواص الحجمية للمحلول المائي لبوليمر الكحول الفينايلي لمدى من درجات الحرارة 298.15-328.15 كلفن .

المؤلفون: Eman Talib Kareem
الصفحات: 305-312
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الخلاصة

The densities of aqueous solution of polyvinyl alcohol with molecular weight (14kg.mol-1) have been determined over temperature range298.15-328.15K.From these data, the volumes for the binary mixtures studied here were calculated .The volumes have been found linearly dependent on the solute molality (PVA), from this dependence , the partial molar volumes at infinite dilution ( ) were determined and it was found that the ( ) concentration independent and slightly increase with increasing temperature .The thermal expansion coefficient ( )of aqueous solution of (PVA) at 298.15K was calculated and it was found that the values of ( )were higher than the value ( ) of pure water .

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Article
EFFECTS OF THE NUMBER OF CYLINDERS ON CRANKSHAFTS INERTIAS TORTIONAL VIBRATIONS

المؤلفون: ABDULJALEEL HUSSAIN ABD --- SALAH NOORI ABBOOD
الصفحات: 313-323
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الخلاصة

Many researches that deal with the torsional vibrations phenomenon in crankshafts are considered constant inertias connected to sections of mass less shafting taking into account variation effects of torques only on crank units during running. In reality, crank mechanism with slider piston vibrates with varying inertias and this will lead to additional torsional vibrations depending on the number of cylinders in internal combustion engines. In this research, inertias of crank mechanisms with different number of cylinders are studied. By solving the ordinary differential equation of torsional vibrations caused by inertia continuous deviation using mathematica and matlab computer programs, graphs of crankshafts torsional oscillation was sketched to compare among torsional vibrations of different internal combustion engines with different number of cylinders.

الكلمات الدلالية

torsional vibration --- crankshafts --- cranks inertia


Article
Evaluation of Traffic Flow Along Arterial Street in Ramadi City
تقييم الجريان المروري على امتداد طريق شرياني في مدينة الرمادي

المؤلفون: Hameed Aswad Mohammed
الصفحات: 324-341
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الخلاصة

The increase in traffic volumes along urban arterial is one of the important problems that makes difficulties in the operation management and movement then leads to traffic congestion in these facilities. The present paper was dealing with the objectives of evaluation of the level of service along the 17th July arterial in Ramadi city, and use many improvement strategies to overcome the traffic operation problems. To achieve these objectives, the study was comprised of two stages. First stage was related to data collection by field survey where, the arterial street has two unsignalized intersections and traffic volume data were collected manually during 15-minute interval for each intersection of the arterial for both directions WestBound (WB) & EastBound (EB).Second stage included the analysis and evaluation of the arterial street with two cases. In the first case, the arterial was analyzed as street with unsignalized intersections (existing conditions). The arterial street was evaluated by computing its level of service based on the travel time and travel speed data which were measured by license plate method, while in the second case, the arterial was analyzed as street with signalized intersections therefore, Highway Capacity Software 2000 ( HCS 2000 ) program was used to evaluate the level of service for the arterial street. To improve its performance, three scenarios were proposed and applied theoretically. Accordingly, the level of service was improved from E to C for both directions (WB & EB).

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Article
Calculations of the Energy Levels and the Electric QuadrupoleTransition Probabilities of the 148,150,152,154,156,158 Sm IsotopesUsing IBA-1and IBA-2 Model

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الخلاصة

The level scheme of the 148,150,152,154,156,158Sm isotopes have been investigated using both IBA-1 and IBA-2 versions of Interacting Boson Model (IBM). IBA-1 and IBA-2 Hamiltonian parameters are obtained as well as the extraction of the energy levels. Also, the electric quadrupole transition probabilities B(E2; Ji →Jf) of the Sm isotopes were calculated. In calculations, the theoretical energy levels and the electric quadrupole transition probabilities have been obtained by using PHINT code. Very good agreement was found from comparison between the calculated energy levels and the electric quadrupole transition probabilities B(E2) of the Sm isotopes with the experimental data.

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Article
Determination of Co2+ and Ni2+ by using2-[(6-Methoxy-2-Benzothiazolyl) azo ]-4-methoxyphenol

المؤلفون: Ahmed Ali Abdulsahib Alkarimi
الصفحات: 353-370
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الخلاصة

A 2-[(6-Methoxy-2-Benzothiazolyl)azo]-4-methoxyphenol (MBTAMP) ligand was used to determine Co2+ and Ni2+, the chelating complexes of these ions with (MBTAMP) ligand were also prepared using mole ratio and continues variation methods, metal to reagent were (1:2) for two complexes. The complexes were identify by using UV-Vis spectrophotometry and (FTIR) spectra. The wavelengths of maximum absorption of two complexes are (512 nm) and (605 nm) for Co-MBTAMP and Ni-MBTAMP respectively. The optimum condition of pH and temperature were studied, the molar absorbitivty (ε) was 3.84x 104 L.mol-1.cm-1, 3.9 x 104 L.mol-1.cm-1 for Co2+ and Ni2+, detection limit was (0.0002), (0.0010) ppm, The interferences of ions, and suitable masking agents for two complexes was studied.

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Article
Design and Implementation of Java Media Player

المؤلفون: Muhanad Hayder
الصفحات: 371-383
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الخلاصة

As the technology evolving the need for media communication and interchangeability increased, Result in introduce a vast variety of media files with different type and format incurring different software for processing these files. As the name suggests this paper presents the design and implementation of Media Player which is software used to play different media files (audio and video). It's accept media file format like (mp3, wav, mpg, mpeg, mov,…etc). This Media Player can works on any operating system (Windows, Linux, Mac,…..,etc) because it is written in J2SE (Java 2 Standard Edition) language which is a platform independent language, along with JMF (Java Media Framework) class library for supporting a wide rang of media files. The aim to design media player as possible as like Windows Media Player but it have owns characteristics likes changing the speed of the player with different speed, can also change the size of the video screen in different scale (big, small, full screen), can also playing online stream media file from Internet, and other features. The prerequisite of the System JMF install for respective operating System (JMF available for most operating system).

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Article
Cryptanalysis of Stream Cipher System Using Particle Swarm Optimization Algorithm

المؤلفون: Hussein Ali Mohammed Al_Sharifi
الصفحات: 384-394
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الخلاصة

The meaning of the Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) refers to a relatively new family of algorithms that may be used to find optimal (or near optimal) solutions to numerical and qualitative problems. Stream ciphers are an important class of encryption algorithms. Shift register sequences are used in both cryptography and coding theory. There is a wealth of theory about them; stream ciphers based on shift registers have been the workhorse of military cryptography since the beginnings of electronics. This paper aims to implement cryptanalysis attack algorithms on stream cipher systems using plaintext attack (or part from it), choosing one Linear Feedback Shift Register (LFSR), since its considered as a basic unit of stream cipher systems, in the performance of PSO by solving Linear Equations System (LES) for any number of variables of the output of LFSR. The application divided into two stages, first, constructing LES’s for the LFSR, and the second, is attacking the variables of LES’s which they are also the initial key values the of LFSR.


Article
Learning the Neural Network using New Evolving Method to Solve Prediction Problems

المؤلفون: Saher Ahmed Mohammed Al-Bassam
الصفحات: 395-406
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الخلاصة

The meaning of the Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) refers to a relatively new family of algorithms that may be used to find optimal (or near optimal) solutions to numerical and qualitative problems. Neural Network is an information processing system that has been developed as generalization models of human cognition of neural biology. In this paper we learn the neural network using PSO method in the field of prediction to solve XOR problem in 4 parities (2, 3, 4, and 5) instead of using Back Propagation (BP) or Genetic Algorithm (GA) methods. The suggested method is found to learn the NN by modifying the NN weights, this is done by calculating the fitness value which is considered as a threshold value.

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Article
On Artin Cokernel of the Group Dnh When n is an Odd Number
حول النواة المشارك-آرتن لزمرة ثنائي السطوح Dnh عندما n عدد فردي

المؤلفون: Maany Abd Al-Moneem Said --- Hussein Hadi Abbas
الصفحات: 407-428
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الخلاصة

The group of all Z-valued characters of G over the group of induced unit characters from all cyclic subgroups of G forms a finite abelian group, called Artin Cokernal of G ,denoted by AC(G)= (G) /T(G) The problem of finding the cyclic decomposition of Artin cokernel AC(Dnh) has been considered in this paper when n is an odd number , we find that if n = p .p ...p , where p1,p2,…, pm are distinct primes and not equal to 2 , then AC(Dnh)= C2 = AC(Dn) C2 And we give the general form of Artin's characters table Ar(Dnh)when n is an odd number.

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Article
Detection of Fimbrial Adhesins of Escherichia coli Isolated from Pregnant and Non-Pregnant Women with Symptomatic Genital Tract Infection as a Risk Factor for Urinary Tract, and Neonatal Infections: a Comparison Study.
التحري عن اللواصق المخملية (Fimbrial Adhesins)) ضمن الايشيرشية القولونية المعزولة من نساء حوامل وغير حوامل مصابات بالتهاب المسلك التناسلي المصحوب بالأعراض كعامل معرض للإصابة بالتهاب المسلك البولي وإصابات الأطفال حديثي الولادة: دراسة مقارنة

المؤلفون: Sareaa Maseer Gatya Al-Mayahie
الصفحات: 429-438
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الخلاصة

Fifty two (17.3%) Escherichia coli isolates were obtained as a causative agent of symptomatic genital tract infection, from 299 (pregnant 156 and non-pregnant 143) patients aged 18-45 years. There is no significant difference between the two patient groups regarding the prevalence of E. coli which was isolated from 14.1% of pregnant and 20.9% of non-pregnant. As a whole 26.9% of this study isolates showed MRHA of human RBCs and 88.4% caused MS agglutination of Baker's yeast. The difference is not significant between pregnant and non-pregnant women’s isolates regarding the expression of Type 1 fimbriae (86.3% and 90% of pregnant and non-pregnant women’s isolates, respectively); P fimbriae (27.2% and 26.6% of pregnant and non-pregnant women’s isolates, respectively) and Dr fimbriae (0% in both patient groups). While the difference is clear for the expression of S fimbriae. S fimbriae were expressed only by non-pregnant women’s isolates (6.6%) whereas none of the pregnant women’s isolates expressed this type of fimbriae. All the S fimbriated isolates were P- (2/2: 100%) and Type 1-fimbriated (2/2: 100%). In pregnant, all of the P-fimbriated isolates were also Type 1-fimbriated (6/6: 100%) while in non-pregnant, seven P-fimbriated isolates were also Type 1-fimbriated (7/8: 87.5%). From the present results it can be concluded that as vaginal E. coli may be one of the possible causes leading to UTI and neonatal infections, both pregnant and non-pregnant patients with genital tract infection caused by E. coli, have the same chance to contact UTI and there is a low frequency of neonatal infections caused by these patients' vaginal E. coli.

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Article
Some Studies in Nature of Excited states of Isotones Nuclei (180Hf ,182W ,184Os ,186Pt and 188Hg)
بعض الدراسات في طبيعة المستويات المتهيجة للنوى الآزوتونية (180Hf ,182W ,184Os ,186Pt and 188Hg)

المؤلفون: Muhsen Cadem motleb
الصفحات: 439-450
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الخلاصة

The protons effect on the nuclear structure of isotones nuclei (180Hf ,182W ,184Os ,186Pt and 188Hg) have been studied using the interacting boson model-1. The present results have been appeared that the nuclei stay constant on the transition region from SU(3) to O(6) with increase the proton number from (72) in 180Hf nucleus to (80) in 188Hg nucleus which refer no effect of increasing protons in isotones nuclei . The calculated energy spectra and the properties of electric transition ratios are in reasonable agreement with experimental data. The potential energy surface for isotones nuclei have been studied using the IBMP–code where the isometric potential lines are plotted to explain the deformations forms of these nuclei

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Article
Propagation of Rosa dumetorumThuill.`laxa` andR. rugosaThunb. from root cuttings.

المؤلفون: JawadKadhim Ali,
الصفحات: 451-463
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الخلاصة

Shoot production on roots of R. rugosaThunb. showed some seasonal variation, fewest being produced in April and May. The application of 1 and 10 mg litre-1 BA to the whole segment of root cutting increased the number of shoot-buds. Increased shoot production also resulted from the application of 1500 mg litre-1 BA and 100 mg litre-1 IBA to the proximal and distal ends respectively. Root segments 0.3-1.5 cm thick and 15 cm long produced more shoots than shorter segments butthe number of shoots cm-1 was similar. Isolated roots of R. rugosa responded better to treatments than did those of R. dumetorumThuill. 'laxa'.

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Article
Dynamics of meromorphic family λ with non-critically finite
دراسة ديناميكية العائلة الميرومورفيكية λذات عدد غيرمنته من القيم الشاذة

المؤلفون: Hassan Fadhil Al-Husseiny --- Buthainah A. Ahmed
الصفحات: 464-475
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الخلاصة

In this paper, a one-parameter family Ƭ = { = λf(z), λ > 0} with f(z) = , m is Natural number is considered, it is obtain that family has non-critically finite. The dynamics of the meromorphic transcendental functions fλ  Ƭ is studied in detailed. It was found that the bifurcations in the dynamics of the functions fλ(x) occur at parameter values λ1 and λ2 where λi = Φ (xi), (i = 1, 2), and Φ(x) = with x1 is the solution of the equation coth x = while x2 is the unique positive roots of the equation Φ′ (x) = 0.

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