جدول المحتويات

مجلة جامعة كربلاء

ISSN: 18130410
الجامعة: جامعة كربلاء
الكلية: رئاسة الجامعة او مراكز
اللغة: Arabic and English

This journal is Open Access

حول المجلة

أن مجلة رئاسة الجامعة هي مجلة علمية محكمة تصدر بشكل فصلي لأغراض الترقيات العلمية وهي مجلة علمية رصينة في مختلف الاختصاصات تأسست في عام 2003 حاصلة على الترميز الدولي ISSN-1813-0410 تستقبل المجلة بما يقارب 500 بحث في السنة وعليه يبلغ عدد البحوث المنشورة بما يقارب 300 بحث منشور في السنة وبما يقارب 200 بحث قيد النشر وتخضع البحوث المقدمة للتقويم العلمي من قبل أساتذة اختصاصين وتنشر البحوث باللغتين العربية والانكليزية اما أعمال المجلة هي :-

1- استقبال البحوث الخاصة بالسادة التدريسيين الراغبين بنشرها في المجلة .
2- عرضها على السادة المقيمين .
3- تزويد الباحثين بكتاب قبول نشر بعد حصول الموافقة على النشر .
4- تنضيد البحوث وفق السياق الخاص بالمجلة والمرفق نسخة منه طياً .
5- استنساخ العدد الخاص بالمجلة بمعدل 50 نسخة لكل مجلد (علمي عربي + علمي انكليزي + انساني )

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معلومات الاتصال

phone Number :07814214835
E_mail :Journal@uokerbala.edu.iq

جدول المحتويات السنة: 2011 المجلد: 9 العدد: 4

Article
علاقة الفيتامينات المضادة للأكسدة(A,E,C) مع مستوى الأنسولين وعنصر السيلينيوم في مرضى السكرمن النوع 2
Relation of Antioxidant Vitamins (A, E, C) with Insulin Level and Selenium in Diabetic Patients Type 2

المؤلفون: Rana S.Abbood --- Zeina I.Ibraheam --- Khawla A.Kasar
الصفحات: 1-6
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الخلاصة

Free radicals have important role in the pathogenesis of diabetes mellitus. In diabetes, free radical production is increased whereas capacity of antioxidant system is reduced. In the present study we determined and evaluated changes in levels of selenium and antioxidant vitamins (A, E, C) in serum of patients with Diabetes Mellitus type 2. Total of 200 diabetic patients (110 male, 90 female) with mean age of 47.52±8.46 years were recruited into the study. Control group was composed of 150 healthy volunteers (102 male, 48 female) with mean age of 48.31±11.99 years. In addition to aforementioned parameters, levels of fasting blood glucose, hemoglobin A1c (HbA1C) levels were determined in diabetic patients and controls. There was a significant increase in insulin level, highly significant decrease in antioxidant vitamin level (A, E, C) and highly significant decrease in selenium level. On the other hand negative correlations (p<0.0001) were found between fasting serum insulin level and vitamin A and positive correlation between serum insulin level and vitamins C and E while there is highly positive correlation between serum selenium and vitamin A(p<0.01) and negative correlation between serum selenium level and antioxidant vitamins C and E (p<0.05). In conclusion supplementation of antioxidant vitamins into the daily diets of diabetic patients with type 2 will enhance power of non-enzymatic antioxidant defense systems.


Article
The economic & investment statusInIraq and Basra city

المؤلفون: Hussam A.D.Zaki Binayan
الصفحات: 1-9
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الخلاصة

Iraq tries heavily to get rid of the problems of the last economic regime ,which had a great effects on the economics route ,such as unemployment ,debts and destruction in every systems and industries .The wars deepen that destruction especially the last war that change the system. Iraq tries to bring up economic reforms and going toward the economic market and encourage the private sector . Of course that could be done by improving the basis or the infrastructure of its economy .That will need capitals and money to construct and reform the economy .Therefore ,it started with legislation of code of investment No.13 ,2006 and then made some amendment for that code in order to make it suitable with real life and attracts foreign investment .Also there was a try to spread the security and politics stability and try to put an end to smuggling and financial and managerial corruption .Therefore ,Iraq developed its security forces and concentrates to develop the economic sectors especially oil production ,industry , and agriculture showing the suitable opportunities in those sectors. All this to show the positive image for Iraq .Therefore there are investment commission established in every city of Iraq to carry out the investment affairs and show the suitable opportunities to invest .In field of labor force and human resources ,work is still going on to find jobs to people to get rid of unemployment .Therefore in the last budget of 2010 , more than thousands of jobs are devoted .Besides ,there are many centers for training people .All these a trying to improve the infrastructure of the country in order to attract the investment either they are local or foreign .I think that if Iraq could get rid of corruption ,make laws easy (one window) and spread security stability .That of course will lead to make investment possible and with natural resources that will make success of economy .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Preparation and characterization of new azo Ligand with matel ions [Mn+2,Fe+2, Co+2, Ni+2, Cu+2, Zn+2, Cd+2and Hg+2]
تحضير وتشخيص ليكاند أزو جديد مع الايونات الفلزية (Mn+2 وFe+2 وCo+2 وNi+2 وCu+2 وZn+2 وCd+2 وHg+2 )

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الخلاصة

This study included the preparation of the new Ligand 2-[(3-Carboxy-4-hydroxy phenyl) azo]-4,5-diphenyl imidazole (CHPAI) by reacting adiazonium salt solution of amino compound 5- amino salicylic acide with 4,5-diphenyl imidazole in alkaline . eight complexes have been prepared by reacting this ligand with the following ions [Mn(II), Fe(II), Co(ІІ), Ni(ІІ), Cu(ІІ) ,Zn (ІІ),Cd(II) and Hg(II)] . Identify this ligand and complexes by C.H.N analysis to some of this complexes ,Uv-Visible spectra and infrared spectra. Uv-Visible spectra shows solution in ethanol red shift showed in Visible spectra of all complexes . The infrared spectra of them were also studied .They show obvious changes with the ligand spectrum . New bands have been appeared which are not existed in the ligand spectra this was due to the combination of the metal ions with the donating atoms in the ligand .On the other hand ,other bands showed changes in the shape; position and intensity which is an evidence that a process of coordination had happened between the studied metal ions and the ligand. The conductivity measurements have shown non ionic characters of all complexes in ethanol solution .The magnetic susceptibility of the metal ions was also measured showing that the complexes of the [Mn(II), Fe(II) , Co(ІІ), Ni(ІІ) and Cu(ІІ)] ions are paramagnetic while the [Zn(II), Cd(ІІ) and Hg(ІІ)] were diamagnetic. From the above observations, the geometrical structure of all complexes was octahedral

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
أحكام الحجز الاحتياطي في القانون العراقي

المؤلفون: إيناس هاشم رشيد --- وعود كاتب عبد
الصفحات: 1-7
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الخلاصة

Seizure is a means of forcing the debtor to pay . according to it execution is done by the public authority on the debtor's property which the law permits execution on to prevent him from doing any action that cause the damage to the debtor . we have divided this research in two subjects the first subject deals with the conditions and evidences of the provisional seizure and the procedures of it and the way of executing the decision of provisional seizure. The second part is allotted for discussing the situation of the third person and the discrediting the decision of the provisional seizure then we reached a number of conclusion and suggestions

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Synthesis and Characterisation of Schiff Base Macrocycle Ligand Contain the Nitrogen and Oxygen as Donor Atoms and Their Complexes with Some Metal Ions

المؤلفون: Hiba Mushtaq
الصفحات: 7-14
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الخلاصة

The macrocyclic type ligand contain the nitrogen and oxygen as donor atoms have been prepared via the template reaction in two steps with their complexes of some metal ions, the reaction of one equivalent 2,5-hexanedione and two equivalent of O-hydroxyaniline obtained the precursor which the used in the template reaction since the 1,3-dibromopropane and metal salts were added together as 1:1 ratio to the solution of precursor to form the complexes. The prepared compounds were characterised by FT-IR, UV-Vis, HNMR spectroscopies, solubility, conductivity, and magnetic susceptibility. The spectral and physical studies show the suggested geometry around the metals is distorted octahedral.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
الاختبار القضائي (مراقبة السلوك) للأحداث الجانحين (دراسة مقارنة)

المؤلفون: منى محمد عبد الرزاق
الصفحات: 8-17
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الخلاصة

Judicial probation or probation is a penal system consisting equation aimed at rehabilitation and assume the restriction of liberty through the imposition of obligations categorize juvenile and submit to the supervision of somebody. Which means the essence of the probation system that is happening outside the walls of penal institutions and therefore should not deprive of freedom, but it is supposed to restrict it.Assumption implied penal probation is unstable; it is tests involving categorize any Mdi validity to it. If it is proven, rehabilitation is achieved from this way and contented. But if it proved unsuccessful, so that the subject needs to the styles that apply within the penal institutions and shall not be inevitable that rob the freedom to be achieved on this way rehabilitation. Therefore, the Probation categorize the two components:First - the restriction of liberty of what is involved in the supervision and control.Secondly - experiment, including its associated potential deprivation of liberty when it fails.Probation is from the remedial actions on the way juvenile resides in its natural environment among his family or surrogate family if his family is not valid, but would be during the observation period under the supervision and care of a representative of the juvenile court officer known as control or social worker. Was adopted by the Iraqi legislature taking the test in the judicial phase of the trial, which is in the resolution issued by the Court are placed under the control of adolescent behavior as a stand-alone rule. And juvenile is placed under probation in misdemeanors and Crimes only.So the legislator cited two limitations categorize cases where the juvenile under probation are:First - juvenile that commits a violation, if it is not permissible for the law and placed under surveillance, but the referee decided to warn him in the meeting not to repeat that or delivering him to his guardian or a relative to implement of the decisions of the Court of recommendations to ensure good behavior and education.Second - Exception misdemeanor crimes punishable by death or life imprisonment of the perpetrators put under probation, as it decides to rule them instead of the two penalties in the filing schools rehabilitation.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
The Acaricidal Effect Study of Many Volatile Oils of Some Medicinal Plants Against Hyalomma Ticks.
دراسة التأثير القاتل لعدد من الزيوت الطيارة المستخلصة من بعض النباتات الطبية ضد طفيلي القراد جنس Hyalomma.

المؤلفون: Ibrahim S. Abass --- Firas A. Khdier --- Abdalameer E. Aljiboori --- Thamir A. Hassan
الصفحات: 15-20
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الخلاصة

Volatile oils of medicinal plants such as thyme(Thymus vulgare.L) , anise(Pimpinella anisum L) and sage(salvia officinalis) plant have anti microbial activity and used for treatment many diseases caused by different microorganisms. The aim of this study is evaluation and investigation the effect of volatile oil of anise, sage, and thyme plant against Hyalomma ticks. The treatments of this study were included six treatments are control (ivermectin), anise oil, salvia oil, thyme oil, mixture of volatile oil of these plant and cream which contain volatile oils of these plants. The result were showed active effect of salvia oil, mixture oils and volatile oils cream, compared with control during all time of experiment, the highest value of main acricidal effect was obtained at volatile oils cream during (48) and (72) hours, after treatment or application, also the salvia oil and mixture volatile oils were gave highest value with significant differences from control during all experiment time. The results showed no significant differences at anise and thyme oil and haven't effect activity against hyalomma during experiment. The value or main acaricidal percentage at mixture and volatiles cream are during (72) hours after application are (100, 100) respectively.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
حساب تكاملات أحاديه ذات مكاملات مستمرة ومعتلة المشتقة و معتلة بأستخدام الطريقة التعجيليه ايتكن على صيغ نيوتن- كوتس

المؤلفون: رسل حسن ناصر --- علي حسن محمد
الصفحات: 18-36
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الخلاصة

Our main aim of this paper is to compare between two different styles for method by Aitken's acceleration with (Newton – cotes formulas ((Trapezoidal , mid – point and simpson )) to get the best style for evaluating single integrals , its integrands either continuous or continuous but its derivatives have singularity or singular in its intervals , and to compare the results of these two styles with results of trapezoidal method , mid point method and simpson's method and we will show the preferability one of the two style over the other style through out the accuracy of the results ,acceleration of convergence to the real value for the integrals that we choose and the number of subintervals that interval of integral divide . the method of Aitken's delta square is used to accelerate the convergence of sequence and its for Alexander Aitken [8].

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Mind and its influence in the Text Construction forthe rhetorists In the seventh Century of the Hegira
العقل وأثره في بناء النص عند البلاغيين في القرن السابع الهجري

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الخلاصة

The Arabic Rhetoric in the seventh century of the Hegira included many directions . The more important ones are , the literary direction , the philosophical direction and the psychological direction as well as the inimitability of The Holy Koran . The Arabic rhetoric , therefore , was a rich source in this century for studying the mind influence and its role in the literary text construction to the rhetorists' thought . Concerning the study framework , it includes preface , three sections and conclusion The preface shows the mind importance in the text construction . The first section studies the mind construction level . The second section studies the mind and the imaginary level . The third section studies mind meaning . The conclusion includes the most significance results

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
A comparative study between the atomic absorption and spectrophotometric method in the assessment of the corrosion

المؤلفون: Suhad.J.Hemed
الصفحات: 21-25
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الخلاصة

Back ground: Atomic absorption method is the most accurate method in the assessment for the determination of corrosion of dental alloy. The spectrophotometric method with the use of chromogenic complex was used also in the assessment of the corrosion. The aim of this study was to compare between the two methods. Material and Methods: twenty amalgam specimens were used: each was stored in 5 ml of normal saline solution for 1 month. The specimens were randomly grouped into two groups (group A and group B). Then the assessment of the corrosion was done by measuring of the released mercury, for group A is done by the atomic absorption method and for group B by the spectrophotometric method. Result: there is no statistical significant difference between two methods. Conclusion: the spectrophotometric method was successful alternative method to the atomic absorption methods in the assessment of the corrosion.

الكلمات الدلالية

corrosion --- mercury --- atomic absorption --- spectrophotometer


Article
Fuzzy Distance Function and its Applications on Cost Function

المؤلفون: Hanan A. Cheachan --- Faria A. Cheachan --- Hussam A.A. Mohammed
الصفحات: 26-34
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الخلاصة

This paper seek to determine the feasibility of using fuzzy distance function concepts which introduced by Lam and Cai to solve single machine scheduling multi objective functions subject to job dependents due dates and we compare and test different local search method (Threshold Accepted (TA), Tabu Search (TS) and Simulated Annealing (SA)) computational experience 1000 jobs with reasonable time.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
أنماط المعاملة الوالدية وقلق المستقبل وعلاقتهما بالعنف الجامعيلدى طلبة جامعة بابل

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الخلاصة

Abstract The research aims at : 1- Recognizing the violence degree and types of Parental Treatment and Anxiety Future of Babylon University Students . 2- Recognizing the differences in University violence and Types of Parental Treatment and Future Anxiety of the members of the sample according to sex . 3- Recognizing the relationship of the University violence with Types of Parental Treatment and Future Anxiety of University Students . The researchers have made use of the descriptive approach by means of survey and coefficient and comparative studies . The research is applied on a sample consisting of (560) male and female students randomly chosen of the fourth year of different colleges of Babylon University . The researchers have made a measurement for the University violence adopting the measurement of Ahmed Mubarak (2010) to measure types of Parental Treatment and the measurement of Al- Akayshi (2000) to measure Future anxiety . It is concluded that : 1- Violence is uncommon among Babylon University Students , but they suffer from Future anxiety . 2- Democracy and types of extra protection are the most common types of Parental Treatment with their sons and daughters who are students . 3- Male students practice violence more then the female students do . 4- There are no real differences in types of Parental Treatment according to sex ( male – female ) with the exception of types of extra protection of fathers in favour of the males . 5- There are no real differences in Future anxiety among the students according to sex ( male – female ) . 6- There is a real coefficient relationship between University violence and Types of Parental Treatment with the exception of types of extra protection father and mother . 7- There is a real coefficient relationship between Types of Parental Treatment and Future anxiety and University violence of Babylon University Students

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Article
Bond strength of acrylic teeth to heat cure acrylic resin and thermoplastic denture base materials

المؤلفون: Shorouq M. Abass --- Ali Jameel Abdulsahib --- Bayan S. Khalaf
الصفحات: 35-44
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الخلاصة

Background: tooth debonding was one of the major reasons for denture repair. With the use of recently introduced thermoplastic denture base materials the problem of tooth debonding increased due to the nature of the bond between these materials and the acrylic teeth. This study was aimed to assess the bond of the acrylic teeth to conventional heat cure acrylic resin and to thermoplastic resin denture base material and methods to enhance it. Materials and methods: acrylic resin teeth were bonded to heat cure acrylic resin with and without wetting the ridge laps of the teeth with monomer and acrylic teeth with prefabricated retentive holes, unmodified and modified, in their ridge laps were processed with Valplast thermoplastic resin denture base material. The samples were subjected to tensile forces till failure. Results: In general the chemical bond strength of acrylic teeth and heat cure acrylic resin was greater than the mechanical bond strength of the teeth with the Valplast thermoplastic denture base material. Wetting the acrylic resin teeth with monomer enhanced the bond strength with heat cure acrylic resin by 88%. Modifying the prefabricated retentive means of the acrylic resin teeth enhanced the bond strength with the Valplast thermoplastic resin denture base material by 58% Conclusion: wetting the ridge laps of the teeth can increase the bond strength of acrylic teeth and the conventional heat cure resin. A partial solution for the debonding of teeth from Valplast thermoplastic resin dentures is by modifying the prefabricated retentive means for the acrylic teeth to increase the bond strength.

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Article
*تسجيل نوع جديد يعود للجنس Cypris O.F.Müller , 1776(CrustaceaOstracoda) من العراق.

المؤلفون: حنان زوير مخلف الدعمي
الصفحات: 37-52
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الخلاصة

The present study introduce record of a new species belongs to the genus Cypris O.F.Müller, 1776 class:Ostracoda(Podocopida: Cyprididae). The outside characteristics of the carapace(left and right valve),like size,structure and shape also the apearance characteristics for the appendages, were discussed and illustrate. locality,time and dates of collection were recorded also some ecological sides

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Article
Comparison of Antimicrobial Activity of Both Seeds and Leaves Extract of Two Type of Cucurbitapepo L. (Iraqi&Chinese)
مقارنة الفعالية الضد ميكروبية لمستخلصات بذور و اوراق نوعين من نبات اليقطين (العراقي و الصيني) .

المؤلفون: رواء محمد عبيد الحريشاوي
الصفحات: 45-52
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الخلاصة

The seeds and leaves ethanol extracts have been prepared for Iraqi and Chinese cucurbita pepo (pumpkin) and the antimicrobial activity of these extracts were evaluated , all alcohol extracts were showed antimicrobial activity against Staphylococcus aureus , Pseudomonas aerugenosa , Escherichia coli and Candida albicans. Gram positive bacteria were more sensitive than other microorganisms, all microbial isolates had antibiotic multi resistance. The results were not showed differences between seeds and leaves extracts activity for each pumpkin types while Iraqi pumpkin extracts were more active than Chinese pumpkin extracts. The minimal inhibitory concentrations of Iraqi pumpkin seeds and leaves extracts and Chinese pumpkin seeds extract was 20 mg/ml against S.aureus while the highest concentrations were 70 mg /ml and 60mg /ml at Chinese leaves and seeds extracts against P.aerugenosa and C.albicans respectively .

الكلمات الدلالية

cucurbita pepo --- ethanol extract --- antimicrobial activity


Article
Effect Some Environmental Factors and Vitamins on Growth of Aspergillus flavus and Production Efficiency of Aflatoxin B1 and B2
تأثير بعض العوامل البيئية والفيتامينات في نمو الفطر Aspergillus flavus وكفاءة إنتاجه سم الافلا B1 و B2 *

المؤلفون: عقيل عبد نعمة --- بان طٰه محمد
الصفحات: 53-63
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الخلاصة

Laboratory experiments were carried out in the postgraduate laboratories, Biology Department – College of Education / Kerbala University . The Study aimed to assess the effect of some environmental factors such as temperature, pH and relative humidity, and the vitamins A , E and C on the fungus A. flavus and production aflatoxin B1 and B2 . Results showed that, the rate of growth of fungus A. flavus was 4.83 cm at different temperatures, and 4.89 cm at different levels of pH and 5.88 cm at different levels of relative humidity . The temperature 55ºC at the pH equals to 6.5 and pH 3.5 at a temperature of 25ºC gave 100% of the inhibition of the fungus , while other levels of the three factors gave different rates of growth of the fungus. Aflatoxin B1 and B2 disappeared at the treatment of fungus at the temperatures 35 ºC and 55 ºC , while aflatoxin B2 disappeared at temperatures 25ºC and 45ºC , but both types of aflatoxin appeared at temperature 15ºC . Concerning pH , aflatoxin B1 and B2 appeared at pH ranged (5.6 to 5.9) , but at the level of pH 3.5 both types of aflatoxin disappeared when pH was equal to 5 , type B1 appeared with the temperature at all levels of 25 ºC . Concerning relative humidity, aflatoxin B1 appeared at RH equals to 20, 65 and 80, while both types disappeared at the level of RH equals to 50, but at the level of RH equals to 35, only type B2 appeared . Vitamins were used in concentrations (1, 2 and 3) mg / ml to study their impact on the growth of fungus A.flavus in the Potato Dextrose Agar (PDA) containing these vitamins. vitamin A showed an impaction on the other vitamins in the impact of inhibitory of growth of fungus A. flavus , the lowest growth of the fungus was 3.05 cm .vitamin E came in the second rank among the vitamins in the impact of inhibitory as it gave the growth rate of 4.52 cm , then vitamin C came in the last rank , which gave a growth rate of 5.48 cm. It was found that the increase concentrations of any type of vitamins increased the inhibition of fungus as the focus of 3 mg / ml of vitamin A inhibit fungus growth by 100% , while the other concentrations of vitamin A and other vitamins inhibited the growth of fungus, but to a lesser extent . Vitamin E exceeded the rest of the vitamins as it inhibited the production of aflatoxin B2 at all concentrations, while vitamin A inhibited the production of aflatoxin B2 at a concentration of (3 and 2) mg / ml , and vitamin C came in the last rank, as it inhibited the production of aflatoxin B2 at a concentration of 3 mg / ml .

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Article
Synthesis , Characterzation and analytical study of polymer derive from extracted (Hibiscus Sabdariffa) leaves plant with 8-hydroxyquinoline
تحضير وتشخيص ودراسة تحليليه لبوليمرات مشتقة من مستخلص أوراق الكجرات مع هيدوكسي ـ كوينولين

المؤلفون: Hanaa H Haddad --- Hadeel Kadhum Mohammed --- Nisreen Abdul Karim Abdul Aliy
الصفحات: 53-63
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الخلاصة

Commerical Hibiscus sabdariffa is known for delicacy and also for medicinal properties .The present paper deals to study the extraction in aqueous solution of leaves shows best results in which phenolics have been found to be present more in leaves , the extracting result was cured with different percentages of (8-hydroxyquinoline)(2%, 4% , 6%) , polymerization takesplace in presence of formaldehyde . The grinded resin was characterized by (IR),DSC and CHN analysis . The resin was used as a chelating polymer for the investigation of loading capacity (L.C) of [Bi+3 , Fe+3, Ni+2 ] from their diluted solution (100ppm) , The (L.C) of the resin was determined using (uv-v) spectrophotemetry as a function of both shaking time & pH . The metal ion solution optimum L.C. of the resin was found as following order . Bi3+ > Fe3+ > Ni2+

الكلمات الدلالية

Hibiscus sabdariffa --- leaf --- Spectrophotemetry --- polymerization


Article
التجارة الصحراوية الأفريقية والمسألة الشرقية في القرن التاسع عشر ومطلع القرن العشرين

المؤلفون: جاسم محمد شطب العبيدي
الصفحات: 54-68
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الخلاصة

This research will cover several aspects about caravan trade throw the African desert in nineteenth century and early of twentieth century rivalry took place between a great states particularly France and Britain to utilization from this trade to marketing its artificial products in Africa, specifically the tow states became Industrial states and with a great abundant industrial production, and for this the tow states entered the neocolonialism before anther states, and for this too conveyance their rivalry to desert to utilizing from the great promising economic advantage witch it, and 1n view of the fact that, the desert in south of Tripoli and Cyrenaica possessions Ottoman empire, which was strong present in this competition . The eastern issue promote the events into desert when France occupied Algeria in 1830.France tries to transfer the lines of the t trade from (Libyan) desert to Algerian desert and town and Tunisian after France occupation it. British interned this area under subject of prevention navy piracy and enslavement of the Christians, that the state of north Africa which lay on the bank of Mediterranean did it, particularly the navy of Tripoli, and prevent slave trade which was important clause provenance of interest of this trade .they did that consistency to replace the trade of industrial articles instead of it ,and intend in its rivalry with France on its good relationships with Ottoman Empire, which was prominent mark of its foreign policy during the nineteenth century ,before that anther states ,as the near Italy and Germany take their role in this area after 1870 , when send their deputies to the desert as the form of tourists and discoveries ,to carry their quit policy with observation this trade and annihilation ,to encounter Ottoman Empire to form Emperor(Hmayonian) decree to prevent it and pursuing its execution. Lately- the Sahara trade became form memory- after that the imperialism state share the large African desert and used the modern transportations instead of camels .

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Article
Isolation of Candida spp . locally from urine
عمليا من Candida spp . عزل انواع المبيضات ا لأدرار .

المؤلفون: Maysaa Taqe Abdul hasan
الصفحات: 64-70
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الخلاصة

In this study 226 isolates of Candida spp. from urine specimens were identified and their association with various clinical factors such as age , sex , antibiotic therapy , anemia , diabetes mellitus , indwelling catheter , pregnancy and burns were analysed . C. albicans (62.7%) , C. tropicalis (23.5%) and C. parapsilosis (7.1%) were most commonly isolated from urine specimens . There was a higher prevalence of Candida species in female (70.8%) than in male (29.2%) and in age group 30-39 about (24.0%) . Associated factors frequently encountered were antibiotic therapy (84.5%) , anemia (18.6%) and diabetes mellitus . (11.1%).

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Comparative study of parasitic infection in the external common carp (Cyprinus carpio) bred in monoculture and poly culture
دراسة مقارنة للإصابة بالطفيليات الخارجية في اسماك الكارب الاعتيادي Cyprinus Carpio المرباة في الزراعة الأحادية Monoculture والزراعة المتعددة Poly culture

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الخلاصة

Examined a total of 178 common carp from Basins for fish farming in AL-Eskandriya sector, Babylon province, one follows the monoculture and the second follows the poly cultures were subjected for ectoparasitic survey during the period from April to September 2010. Parasites recorded included four species of protozoa Ichthyophthirius multifiliis, Trichodina cottidarum, Trichodina domerguei and Trichodina nigra, tow species of sporozoan Myxobolus pfeifferi and Myxobolus oviformis, five species of monogenetic trematodes Dactylogyrus minutus, Dactylogyrus arquatus, Dactylogyrus extensus, Dactylogyrus Cornu and Dactylogyrus Vastator. The percentage incidence of infection with the studied parasitic varied according to different months. The inspected results Showed the occurrence common carps The results showed normal wounded Carp bred in monoculture high infection rates of external parasites compared to fish reared in poly cultures.

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Article
Analysis of bank credit in the Iraqi economy for the period (2003 - 2008)
تحليل الائتمان المصرفي في الاقتصاد العراقي للمدة ( 2003 – 2008 )

المؤلفون: نصر حمود مزنان فهد
الصفحات: 69-86
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الخلاصة

The credit of the most important events banking as a result of the effects of secreted on the overall national economic sectors that are interrelated and overlapping degree are complex and have an impact directly and indirectly in various macroeconomic variables, in addition to the revenue generated by the axis represents the main income of any bank, no matter how many and varied sources Bank credit is the most important events and the process of analysis of bank credit in Iraq find the necessities as a result of the nature of the economic reality that requires the active participation of the banking sector in the financing of economic sectors, especially after the great opening which was attended by the Iraqi economy after 2003 and the widening role of banks in the economic arena. Bank credit is the most important, if any, in order to develop the solutions necessary in order to take the credit granting process its required role in the intellectual process of economic development. Bank credit is the most important, if any, in order to develop the solutions necessary in order to take the credit granting process its required role in the intellectual process of economic development. The credit of the most important events banking as a result of the effects of secreted on the overall national economic sectors that are interrelated and overlapping degree are complex and have an impact directly and indirectly in various macroeconomic variables, in addition to the revenue generated by the axis represents the main income of any bank, no matter how many and varied sources

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Article
Thrombolytic therapy and indirect reperfusion signs in ST segment elevation myocardial infarction
دراسة علاج مذيب الخثرة والعلامات الغير مباشرة لإعادة الإرواء للشرايين القلبية في احتشاء العضلة القلبية المصاحب لارتفاع قطعة أس- تي

المؤلفون: ahmed aubed sherhan --- alaa khatar mousa
الصفحات: 71-80
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الخلاصة

OBJECTIVE: To study the value of some indirect reperfusion signs as markers of coronary artery patency in patients with acute myocardial infarction submitted for intravenous thrombolytic therapy. DESIGN: A cross sectional study, with analysis of the predictive value (PV) of four indirect reperfusion signs (IRS): 1-chest Pain 2-ST segment resolution in the first three hours; 2. Peak CK in 4-6 hours; 3. Cardiac arrhythmia in the first three hours.post thrombolytic therapy SETTING: Coronary Care Unit of the AL-Mawani Hospital in Basrah(south of Iraq) Methods : 200 Patients with ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) were studied between June 2009 and August 2010, their ages ranged between 38-74 year(mean age 53.4+/- 10.6 years) 156 males and 44females , 122 with anterior infarction and 78 with inferior infarction. All patients received Intravenous thrombolytic agent, followed by oral 300 mg acetilsalicylic acid, and IV heparin therapy with continuous electrocardiographic monitoring. The indirect reperfusion signs were recorded which include ST segment reduction by 50% or more recorded at the start and 30, 60,90 minutes and 3 hours of thrombolytic therapy , reperfusion arrhythmia ,elevation of Cardiac enzyme the relief of chest pain , RESULTS: The response to thrombolytic therapy in STEMI was much better as the patients received the therapy in the early periods (0-6 hours) than the later periods (more than 6 hours). One or more of the IRS were present in 156( 78%) patients with STEMI; the relieve of chest pain and ECG ST segment decrement in elevation were more frequent than elevation of cardiac enzymes and reperfusion arrhythmia . there was no difference in response to thrombolytic therapy with regard to location of myocardial infarction whether anterior or inferior . CONCLUSIONS: patients with STEMI should receive thrombolytic therapy as early as possible in order to get better reperfusion to save the myocardium. The analysis of IRS are useful to assess the successful of thrombolytic therapy especially in areas where the coronary angiography is not available.

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Article
دراسة المكونات الايضية والايونية في السائل الجريبي والدم للابقار المصابة بتكيس المبايض الجريبي

المؤلفون: افتخار مهدي كاظم النجار
الصفحات: 72-77
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الخلاصة

Blood samples were collected from one handred cows and follicular fluid was aspirated from ovaries to same cows and follicular fluid was aspirated from follicles larg than 2.5 – 3 cm in diameter of the ovaries to same cows after removed , then analysed them by using clinical photometric and chemistry method to measured out the metabolites ( Glucose , Cholesterol and total protein as well as the Albumin and Globuline ) . And ions measure ( Sodium , Potassium , Calcium and the tras elemente , Zink ) . The study demonstrate that the metabolic constituent's . level were lower in follicular fluid than blood except the Albumine which exhibeted increasing in it's concentration in follicular fluid than blood . The result different significantly at level ( p < 0.05 ) , also the study demonstrate that both of sodium and Zink concentrations were lower in follicular fluid than blood wheras the concentration of Pottassium and Calcium were higher in follicular fluid than blood and the results different significantly at level of (p < 0.05 ) too . This explan that the metabolic and ionic changes in serum will be reflect on the follicular fluid and this will affect on the quality of oocyte , granulosa cell development and the occurans of ovnlation or not resulting in follicular cystic ovaries .

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Article
Effect of Cultivar, Proline and Field Capacity on the Spike andYield Parameters of Wheat Plant .
تأثير الصنف ، البرولين والسعة الحقلية في مؤشرات السنبلةوالحاصل لنبات الحنطة *

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الخلاصة

Pot experiment was conducted in a private field located on the main road of Kerbala–Babylon, 10 kms eastern of Kerbala during the season of 2010-2011. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of water stress and proline on the yield parameters of four wheat cultivars. The yield Paramet- -erswere spikes number. plant-1, spike’s length, spikes weight, spikelet number. spike-1, grain number . spike-1 , grain yield . plant-1 and weight of 1000 grains. Factorial experiment within completely randomized design with four replicates was applied . The experiment included four wheat cultivars( ie. Fateh , Adnania , IPA 99 and Sham 6 ) , three concentrations of proline ( ie. 0 , 20 and 40 ) mg . l-1 and three levels of field capacity ( i.e. 25 , 50 and 100% ) .The results could be summarized as follow : The effect of cultivars was significant on the previous mentioned traits,and proline at 20 mg . l-1 was more effective on all studied parameters compared with other concentrations ( ie. 0 and 40 ) mg . l-1 .and the field capacity of 100% was the best compared with 25% and 50% field capacities . The interaction between cultivars and the proline was significantly effective on the studied parameters where cultivars treated with 20 mg .l-1 proline gave the highest values compared with the control treatment ( ie. 0 mg . l-1 ) , and the interaction between cultivars and the field capacity was also effective on the studiedparameters . Cultivars grown with 100% field capacity gave higher values of the studiedparameters .On the other hand , those cultivars grown with 25% field capacity gave the lowest values of the previous mentioned parameters , and the interaction between the proline and field capacity was also significant on the studied parameters . The proline at 20 mg .l-1 and 100% field capacity treatment gave the highest values of studied parameters , whereas plants grown with 0 mg .l-1 and 25% field capacity gave the lowest values of studiedparameters . The interaction between cultivars , proline and field capacity was also significantly effective . Cultivars grown with 20 mg .l-1 proline and 100% field capacity gave the highest values .On the other hand, those cultivars grown without proline application , and 25% field capacity gave the lowest values of the previous mentioned parameters .

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Article
Evaluation of Lactate dehydrogenase and Amino-trasferase Activating for Victims of Terror Attack

المؤلفون: Lamia, A.M. Al-Mashhedy
الصفحات: 80-83
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الخلاصة

Victims of terror attacks was risen in Iraq in recent years. Victims of terror attacks, whether or not physically injured, sometimes suffer from traumatic symptoms, lead to generation of oxygen free radicals and reactive oxygen species which cause oxidative stress and different diseases related with stress such as psychosomatic diseases. The propose of this study is determined of Lactate dehydrogenase(LDH), Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and Aspartate aminotransferase(AST) activities for victims of terror attacks compared with volunteers who are non affected in terror attacks and considers as a control group, to explain the effect of trauma on enzymes activity for these patients due to the terrorism attack. 35 victims of terror attacks aged 12-50 years compared with 20 donator as a control group, The victims are infected by in different terrorism attacks in Babylon city, the sample collected from patients after they attack terror. The study shown a significantly increased of LDH activity and no significant increase of AST and ALT for victims group compared with control group.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
STUDY AND DETERMINATION OF SAFETY FACTORS WHEN USING CO2 LASER

المؤلفون: Firas Faeq Al-Araaji
الصفحات: 84-95
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الخلاصة

The use of lasers by industry and by the academic community continues to increase. Many educational institutions are using a wide variety of lasers in many different ways. Traditional disciplines in universities, colleges and high schools, such as biology, chemistry, and physics, now recognize the laser as an essential teaching element. Unique environments associated with educational institutions (such as civil engineering, earth and planetary sciences, and biomedical research) have also incorporated lasers into their educational processes. The effects of CO2 laser hazard on different parts of human body (such as eye and skin) have been studied, where hazards are classified into direct and indirect exposure of laser radiation. The nominal hazard zone has been calculated; it was compared with power and the maximum permissible exposure and found that the nominal hazard zone was direct proportional to power and inverse proportional to maximum permissible exposure. The optical density has been calculated; it is also compared with maximum permissible exposure and found that the optical density was inverse proportional to the maximum permissible exposure.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Ability to From marketing Customerization technology in business organizationsA Research in some Manual Carpet Centers in Erbil City
تبني تقنية الايصاء التسويقي في منظمات الأعمالدراسة تحليليةفي معامل السجاد اليدوي في اربيل

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الخلاصة

Facing a lot of productive organizations in Iraq and the region with low sales and thus high production costs and low profitability, and due to the continuous changes in tastes and preferences of customers, as well as the absence of strategic thinking long-term which makes the manufacturing part of the overall success of the plant through harnessing the power plant and resources opportunities available in the surrounding environment, and the system is recommendatory individual Customerization that works better than traditional production systems in environments highly competitive to guide the capabilities of the lab and its capabilities towards the participation of the customer in the design process, production, marketing and delivery products at low prices and responsive to the needs and desires of the individual customer. This study is to address the problem faced by organizations researched for handicrafts, hand, and there are few sales, and low distinctiveness, and status and reputation in the market for the emergence of competing products and then lack of popularity of their products logistic, and may be the main reasons that are not and a clear strategy geared towards markets and customers because those organizations do not have the concept of recommendatory individual that determines the clarity of vision to those organizations to determine the appropriate products that fit the needs and desires of the market and target customers based on that for those men recommendatory individual customers. And select the study to a society based on (4) organizations working in the field of hand-woven carpets in the town of Irbil, with the reliability of achieving the objectives of the study to form Astana, which consisted of four main groups, devoted the first design information and manufacturing according to customer demands, and the second to the philosophy of design, production and Manufacturing according to the requests the customer individual third set of questions of the questionnaire devoted to the philosophy of marketing individual to individual and group IV was devoted to post-delivery, and has been the distribution of these forms, the principals exclusively in the laboratory researched and have experience, too. and distributed (97) form the sample researched and was full recovery of the questionnaires from organizations researched. The results indicate a set of conclusions and recommendations, and as it is in the body of research.

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Article
Effect of prey type on some reproductive aspects in crustacean zooplankton Macrocyclops albidus (Copepoda:cyclopoida)
تأثير نوع الفريسة في بعض المؤشرات التكاثرية للحيوان القشري Macrocyclops albidus (Copepoda:cyclopoida)

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الخلاصة

The experiment was conducted to investigate the effect of prey type (Artemia nauplii, mosquito larvae and paramecium) on some reproductive aspects in crustacean zooplankton M. albidus which included reproductive period, post-reproductive period, period spend to egg appearance and the period from appearance of egg to nauplii releasing. Results revealed that females fed on mosquito larvae had the highest mean of post-reproductive period and lowest mean of the period spend to egg appearance, which differed significantly (P < 0.05) compared with the means of females who fed on Artemia nauplii and paramecium on the other hand the differences were not significant in reproductive period and the period from appearance of egg to nauplii releasing.

الكلمات الدلالية

M. albidus --- reproductive performance --- prey type.


Article
Synthesis of Novel 1, 3 -Oxazepine Compounds from New Azo Schiff bases Containing Thiadiazole Moiety

المؤلفون: Rahman T. Haiwal
الصفحات: 96-111
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الخلاصة

In this work new Azo imines [3-4] and 1,3-oxazepine derivatives [5-10] were prepared starting from azoaldehyde derivative 2-Hydroxy-5-(5-thiole-[1,3,4] -thiadiazol-2-ylazo)-benzaldehyde [2]. Azoaldehyde derivative [2] was prepared via coupling reaction between phenoxide anion of o-Hydroxy benzaldehyde [1] and 5-thiole-1,3,4-thiadiazol-2-yl diazonium chloride.The new imines [3] and [4] were prepared by reaction of azoaldehyde derivative [2] with each primary amines 2-Amine-1,3,4-thiadiazole -5- thiol and 5-(Benzylthio)-1,3,4-thiadiazole-2- amine in presence of glacial acetic acid as catalyst in absolute ethanol , respectively. The new 1,3-oxazepine derivatives [5-10] were obtained from treatment of each new Schiff bases derivatives [4] and [5] with each maleic anhydride , phthalic anhydride and 3-Nitrophthalic anhydride ,respectively , in dry benzene.These new prepared compounds might have some biological activity. All new derivatives were characterized by (C.H.N.) elementary analysis and FT-IR spectra.

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Article
Effect of Sesame Oil on Kidney Function and some Biochemical parameters in adult male Rabbits
تأثير زيت السمسم في عمل الكليـة وبعض المعايير الكيموحيوية في ذكور الأرانب البالغـة

المؤلفون: سـوسـن كـاظـم ماشـي
الصفحات: 99-106
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الخلاصة

This study was designed to find out the effect of (Sesame oil) on some biochemical parameter in blood plasma associated with kidney function in adult male rabbit by giving these animals sesame oil (1000mg/kg) B.W.which equal (1ml/kg) B.W. orally. Twenty adult male Rabbits were divided randomly into two equal groups: Control group (C) :each animal of this group given normal drinking water and diet, treatment Group (T) :each animal of this group given Sesame oil (1000mg/kg B.W.) orally for 6 weeks Blood samples were collected in 2, 4, 6 week of experimental period to measure (glucose, cholesterol, Triglyceride, urea and creatinin) in blood plasma. At the end of experiment three animals of both control group and treated group with sesame oil were sacrificed to examin the histological structure of the kidney, This study revealed that Sesame oil which was given orally caused significant decrease (P<0.05) in plasma (glucose, cholesterol and TG) while Sesame oil caused no significant decrease (P>0.05) in plasma urea and creatinin concentration,there was no histological changes in kidney tissue of the treated group in compared with control group. Results of this study have shown the potency of Sesame oil as indicated by its effect on animals and human health through lowering glucose, cholesterol,triglyceride,urea and creatinin level in plasma.

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Article
Statistical Quality Control To Test The Quality Of Using OfMarkethng Corn From Al- Latifyia To Al- Musayab FactoryOf (2006 – 2007) Season
استخدام السيطرة النوعية الاحصائية لاختبار جودة الذرة الصفراء المسوقة من اللطيفية إلى معمل المسيب للموسم (2006-2007)

المؤلفون: ناجي صافي ناجي
الصفحات: 107-112
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الخلاصة

The objective of this research is to test the control efficiency of marketing corn from Al-Latifyia region to the factory of Al-Musyab by using ststistical quality control method (P- Chart) . The tabulation of research population data was achieved . The sample observations were 94 elements. The duration was three months . It began from November (2006) to January (2007). Nine subgroups were taken every unfollowing four days . They comprised all research population elements . therefore they had unequal size .The Levene test was achieved , the result showed homoscedasticity for these subgroups . The result showed the deviations from center line of( P-Chart) were happened because of chance causes , therefore the quality of corn is under control . The necessary suggestion is to use statistical quality control charts by the corn factory of Al-Musayab because this kind of quality control is never use in this factory to determine the marketing corn which is out of statistical quality control to treat the defect in case of finding it

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Article
Preparation and Study the nitrate Selective Electrode based on Quaternary ammonium salts in PVC matrix membrane
تحضير ودراسة أقطاب النترات الانتقائية والمعتمدة على أملاح الأمونيوم الرباعية في مادة ال PVC

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الخلاصة

Several nitrate electrodes were constructed based on PVC matrix membrane consist of alkyl quaternary ammonium cations [Tetra-n- Octyl Ammonium Chloride(TOA-CL),Tetran-n- heptyl ammonium chloride (THA-CL)].They were tested as sensor with various mediators such as [di-n-butyl phthate (DBPH),tri –n-butyl phosphate(TBP) and o-nitro phenyl octyl ether(NPOE). The parameters for these electrodes (slope, concentration range, detection limit, life time, PH and selectivity) were studied. Through this study, these electrodes have good parameters, which can depend on it for determination of nitrate ion in water and other various samples. The Nernestian slope for these electrodes were ranged from 57.5 to 60.1mV/decade ,linear concentration ranged from 4×10-5M to 10-1M and detection limit ranged from 4×10-6M to10-5M. Relative error (RE) for these electrode was calculated for synthetic solution and determined the nitrate concentration by direct method and standard addition methods

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Article
Effect of Aqueous Extracts and Alcohol of Turmeric, Thyme and Cardamom in Fungus Growth Aspergillus flavus and Production Efficiency of Aflatoxin B1 and B2
تأثير المستخلصات المائية والكحولية للكركم و الزعتر والهيل في نمو الفطر Aspergillus flavus وكفاءة إنتاجه لسم الافلا B1 و B2 *

المؤلفون: عقيل عبد نعمة --- بان طٰه محمد
الصفحات: 119-130
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الخلاصة

Laboratory experiments were carried out in the postgraduate laboratories, Biology Department – College of Education / Kerbala University .Studying the viability extracts of plant; aqueous and alcohol of the dried plants turmeric Curcuma longa , thyme Thymus vulgaris and cardamom Elettaria cardamomum ،in fungus grown Aspergillus flavus and production – aflatoxin B1 and B2 . Plant extracts had been used at concentrations (5, 10 and 15) mg / ml to study its impact on the growth of fungus A.flavus in Potato Dextrose Agar (PDA) containing these extracts, so it was found that, extracted alcohol of turmeric, thyme inhibit mold growth completely at all concentrations, except the concentration 5 mg / ml of alcohol extract of thyme, and alcoholic extracts of plants superior to the aqueous extract in inhibiting the growth of fungus, extracts inhibitory caused preventing the formation of spores as it appeared in a small white isolate. The fungus grown with concentrations of 5, 10 and 15 mg / ml of alcoholic extract of turmeric and aqueous of thyme showed the disappearance of aflatoxin B1 and B2. as well as , results showed that the treatment of fungus concentration of 15 and 10 mg / ml of aqueous extract of turmeric and alcohol of thyme did not show aflatoxin B1 and B2 , while the concentration 5 mg / ml showed the presence of aflatoxin B1 for both extracts. The aqueous extract and alcohol of the cardamom prevented the appearance of aflatoxin B1 and B2 at a concentration of 15 mg / ml, and concentration 10 mg / ml showed aflatoxin B1 , while the aflatoxin B1 and B2 appeared at a concentration of 5 mg / ml of the aqueous extract and the type B1 of alcohol extract appeared with the same concentration. Results showed that using several chemicals reagents as effective plant extracts contained many of the active compounds as preservatives, thyme alcohol extract contained all compounds that were previously mentioned except saponins , while the aqueous extract of thyme did not contain saponins , resins and flavonoids , while aqueous and alcohol extraction of the cardamom did not contain resins , flavonoids , phenols , fuocoumarins and triterpenoids , as well as the absence of alkaloids in the alcohol extract to the cardamom and saponins in the aqueous extract of the cardamom , and contained extract alcohol of turmeric on glycosides , resins, carbohydrates, phenols, and the disappearance of the alkaloids and tannins, resins and flavonoids and fuocoumarins and triterpenoids in the aqueous extract of turmeric .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
ضبط الجودة لتنفيذ أعمال الرصف للطرق الداخلية ذات التبليط المرن

المؤلفون: دنيا صاحب علك
الصفحات: 131-146
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الخلاصة

Transportation sector has great importance among other construction sectors. They are vital for the movement of people and goods and play an important role in integrating the country, facilitating economic growth, and ultimately reducing poverty. When transport systems are efficient, they provide economic and social opportunities and benefits that result in positive multipliers effects such as better accessibility to markets, employment and additional investments. Transport also carries an important social and environmental load, which cannot be neglected. Therefore, the implementation of these projects require an organized efforts, that will contribute their desired to success. To execute all this item of road construction works, must be under quality control to be achieved according to require schemes. In this research quality control system proposed based on database to control on each item of works to execute the road construction works. This database was collected form the study of contexts and research in this aspect and from the field studying which include open-questionnaire, with experts in this field and closed questionnaire for execute workers in this sector. Computer program have been designed to show the necessary information of quality control to execute any demand item

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Article
Study of the relationship between intestinal parasitic infection and the yeast infection with Candida in the digestive system of human in the Karbala Governorate
دراسة العلاقة بين الإصابات الطفيلية المعوية و الإصابة بخميرة الكانديدا في الجهاز الهضمي للإنسان في محافظة كربلاء

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الخلاصة

During the period of the present study ,during the period from April 2009 to April 2010 . We were tested 776 of fecal samples from pge from one day t0 70 years and from both sex , The results were showed infection with Candida spp and infection with parasites . We were found that presence of 172 infected patients with Candida spp , from which the number of males were 47 % and females 52.91% and infection of 127 patients with parasites Entamoeba histolytica and Giardia lamblia and Ascaris lumbricoides and Entamoeba coli and Hymenolepis nana that presence 20.745% for males and 21.74% for females . The results of this study were showed that elevation in the infection rates with yeast of Candida spp in the small age stage which extend from one day to 10 years in which reach to 62.25% comparison with oldest ages , while high rates of parasitic infections with Giardia lamblia reach to 16.67% and to 16.05% of the Entamoeba histolytica , and we seen similar changes to other parasites with less infection rates specially in large ages.

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Article
Using the Discriminate function to classify the death and survivors cases of premature infants
استخدام الدالة المميزة لتصنيف حالات الوفاة والبقاء عند الاطفال الخدج

المؤلفون: شروق عبد الرضا سعيد السباح
الصفحات: 153-167
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الخلاصة

It is known that the discriminate function is used to classify items into one or more groups depending on discriminate variables. Each group has characteristics that are available in its items and differs from the others. In order to investigate whether there are significant differences between two groups (the death of premature infant) in relation to the independent variables , to specify these independent variables that play a significant role of differing the categories of the followed variable, to divide the cases among the followed variable depending on the value of independent variables, and to evaluating the accuracy of division (as a percentage) i.e testing the theoretical side in the light of the classification whether the expected is true or not we use the discriminate function. If the data that represent the death or survivors of the premature infant is the response variable, Sex (male, female), Hospital (kerbala, women), The way of delivery (normal, suzerain, other), The cause of admission (Least of weight, Shortage of pregnancy period, congenital pneumonias ,Meconium Aspiration syndrome ,Respiratory distress syndrome , Neonatal jaundice ,Hematological disorder of fetus , Septicemia , congenital anomalies ,Birth asphyxia ,Birth trauma ,other disorders) The age of the mother , the weight of the infant, the period of pregnancy as independent variables that affect on the baby’s staying alive. Through out the research, we found that the best variables of distinction were the period of pregnancy and the cause of admission. The relation factor between the discriminate function and the period of pregnancy was 0.72., the relation factor between the discriminate function and the cause of admission was 0.511. It is also found that the highest binary relation factor was between the period of pregnancy and the weight of the infant which is 0.716, followed by the binary relation factor between the type of delivery and the weight of the baby which is 0.327. It is also found that there are differences of significant reference between the group of dead and alive babies in relation to the independent variables. That was clear through noting the difference between the origins of the discriminate function. The independent variable (period of pregnancy) had the biggest effect in increasing the distinction between the two groups. This is why the function called with its name (period of pregnancy function)

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Article
The Role Of Gibberellic Acid And NPK Fertilizer On Some Growth Characteristics And Active Compound From Two Varieties Of Chamomile
دور حامض الجبرلين والسماد المركب NPK في بعض صفات النمو والمركبات الفعالة لصنفين من نبات البابونج Chamomile

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الخلاصة

An experiment was conducted with the use of two varieties of chamomile plant , Local variety Matricaria chamomilla L. and German variety Matricaria recutitia L. in the field of Biological Department , College of Education (Ibn Al-Haitham) University of Baghdad for growing season of 2009-2010, to study the effect of 6 concentration of Gibberellic acid(GA3)(0 , 25 ,50 , 75 , 100 and 125) ppm and 3 levels of NPK (17:17:17) fertilizer (0 , 50 and 100) Kg / d. and the interaction between them on some growth characteristics and active compounds according to the Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) with 3 replicates . Results showed that GA3 concentration and fertilizer level and their interaction had a significant effects on growth characteristics , plant height , number of branches and number of the inflorescence , percentage of oil and concentration of active compounds from the two varieties of chamomile especially at the concentration of 75 ppm from An experiment was conducted with the use of two varieties of chamomile plant , Local variety Matricaria chamomilla L. and German variety Matricaria recutitia L. in the field of Biological Department , College of Education (Ibn Al-Haitham) University of Baghdad for growing season of 2009-2010, to study the effect of 6 concentration of Gibberellic acid(GA3)(0 , 25 ,50 , 75 , 100 and 125) ppm and 3 levels of NPK (17:17:17) fertilizer (0 , 50 and 100) Kg / d. and the interaction between them on some growth characteristics and active compounds according to the Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) with 3 replicates . Results showed that GA3 concentration and fertilizer level and their interaction had a significant effects on growth characteristics , plant height , number of branches and number of the inflorescence , percentage of oil and concentration of active compounds from the two varieties of chamomile especially at the concentration of 75 ppm from GA3 and the level of 100 Kg / d. of NPK . Also, results showed , the Local variety surpassed the German variety in the number of branches , number of the inflorescence and percentage of oil, while German variety surpassed the Local variety in the height of plant. GA3 and the level of 100 Kg / d. of NPK . Also, results showed , the Local variety surpassed the German variety in the number of branches , number of the inflorescence and percentage of oil, while German variety surpassed the Local variety in the height of plant.

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Article
EFFECT OF VARIETY AND – FERTILIZER CONCENTRATION ON SAME VEGETATIVE GROWTH CHAR OF JUJUBE PLANT
تأثير الصنف وتركيز السماد الورقي في بعض صفات النمو الخضري لنبات السدر

المؤلفون: صباح عبد فليح الربيعي
الصفحات: 180-184
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الخلاصة

This study was carried out at Abu- Graib research station ,Collage of Agriculture, Baghdad , during early spring 2004,in order to determine the effect different Urea (46%N) concentration (0.10.20 gm N/L) on transplants of five jujube cultivar is , in Randomized Complete Block Design(RCBD) with 3 replication. The results were summarized as below:- ** Cultivar Factor: the local cultivar (Al-Bathry) gave the heights number of leaves (88.66) while (Zaituni cv) gave biggest leaves area, leave length and width (12.5 cm, 5.93 cm, 3.3cm consequently, while (Tuffahy CV) shows the heights fresh & dry leaves weight (4.83 and 1.82 gm) consequently. **Nitrogen Concentration:- the result revealed that the seedlings treated with 20 gm N was significantly increased in all cultivars, in all parameters studied. ** Interaction factors (cv x N concentration): The results shows that the (Bathry) cultivars gave the height leaf number at 20 gm nitrogen ( 91.00 leaf plant) while (Zaituny cv).gave the biggest leaf area at the same treatment (14.91 cm)and the leaf length , width (7.8and 4.4 cm) consequently, but( Tuffahy cv.) gave the heights fresh and dry weight at the same treatment (5.3,2.3 gm ) consequently.

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Article
دراسة العلاقة بين تراكيز الأضداد النطفية وكل من الإجهاد التأكسدي ومضادات الأكسدة في البلازما المنوية للرجال غير الخصبين

المؤلفون: هادي رسول حسن --- صاحب علي مهدي --- زينب حكمت عبد
الصفحات: 185-192
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الخلاصة

The study aims to determined the relationships among antisperm antibodies, lipid peroxidation and antioxidants in seminal plasma in some immune infertile male. The concentrations of antisperm antibodies(ASAs) in seminal plasma, the percent of ASA classes IgG, IgA on the surface of sperms, the concentrations of Malondialdehyde (MDA), vitamin C and vitamin E have been measured for 38 infertile patient, the sample of study were divided in to three groups, we also have taken 12 fertile men (they have children) as healthy subjects. The patient were attending to Institute of Embryo Research and Infertility Treatment, Al-Nahrain University, and in the laboratories of Karbala. During March to August 2010. The results of study were showed a significant positive correlation between the concentrations of ASA and Malondialdeyde in seminal plasma, and a significant negative correlation between the levels of ASA and vitamin C and E concentration in seminal plasma.

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Article
The effect of smoking, age and infection with Helicobacter pylori on immunoglobulin’s IgG,IgM
تأثير التدخين والعمر والإصابة ببكتريا Helicobacter pylori في مستويات الغلوبيولينات المناعية IgG وIgM *

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الخلاصة

The aim of this study was to shed more light on the change in the levels of immunoglobulin’s IgG, IgM to the peoples who infected with Helicobacter pylori as well as, knowledge of the relationship between infection and smoking and their impact on Immunoglobulin’s levels ,the current study included 45 people of gastric ulcers who have undergone screening endoscopy , as well as16 people (apparently healthy) and considered as a group to study the control of where the samples were collected from a hospital Al-Husseini education in the province of Karbala (unified theory) during the time period from 1/11/2010 until 1/4/2011. 1. The results showed the presence of a significant reduction (P <0.05) in the concentration of immunoglobulin IgG in the serum in the last three age groups (70-61) (60-51) (50-41) years with an average concentration 753.76 mg / d. L 559.01 mg / d. L 430.94 mg / d. L, respectively, compared with the control group, while the decline was not significant in age groups (40-31) (30-20) years compared with the control group. 2. The level of IgM is moral (P <0.05) for the age group I (30-20), reaching level of 125.54 mg / d. Liter, compared with the control group returned in the fall, while insignificant in the second age group (40-31) and takes the focus of IgM decline gradually with age is significant among the three age years (70-61) (60-51) (50-41) and between group control to reach 76.84 mg / d. liter and 44.55 mg / d. liter and 29.94 mg / d. liters. 3. The results of measuring the level of immunoglobulin IgG in sera of smokers a significant decrease in smokers low and middle-smoking and smoking as well as hard and who have reached the average concentration of 695.26 IgG mg / d. L and 662.33 mg / d. L and 745.44 mg / d. Liter, compared with the control group. sera were examined for the 45 peptic ulcer patients and 16 healthy control to detect IgG and IgM antibodies specific for the local solute of H. pylori by signal radical immune diffusion . 4. The results showed that the decline in the concentration of IgM was significantly in smokers are average and smoking heavily, which amounted to 78.20 mg / d. Liter and 76.33 mg / d. Liter while not noticed a significant difference in the levels of immunoglobulin IgM and among smokers low and the control group as was 109.74 mg / d. liter compared with the control group. 5.The results showed a significant decrease (P <0.05) in the levels of immunoglobulin’s supplements and immune serum in smokers and people living at the same time, compared with the control group(non infected-non smokers people) .

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Article
Synthesis & Characterization of Fe+2, Co+2, Ni+2and Cu+2 for A new Ligand Type N2O2 and Stoichometric Study
تحضــير وتشـخيـص معقدات ايونات الحديد والكوبلت والنيكل والنحاس الثنائية لليكاند الجديد نوع N2O2 ودراسة تكافؤية المعقدات

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الخلاصة

The work the synthesis and characterisation of the new Ligand from Schiff base type (N2O2) with general formula[(C18H18N2O2)]. All compounds have been characterised as needed using spectroscopic methods, such as[FTIR,UV-Vis.], micro analysis of elements C.H.N, and molar conductivity measurements. The FT IR spectra of prepared complexes showed some charges in the band shape and density compared with those of the free ligand, new bands have been also observed which may indicate that the coordination between the metal ions and ligand are exist. The C.H.N. result shows the corresponding between the actual and calculated values. From the above data the proposed geometry around (Fe+2,Co+2,Ni+2andCu+2)) ions with the ligand is square planner or tetrahedral. The supported studies by magnetic measurements the value of magnetic moments of Fe(II), Co(II), Ni(II), and Cu(II) complexes shows that they are paramagnetic, other complexes show diamagnetic properties. The stoichemetry of formed complexes were studies using the mole ratio method which showed that the ratio (M:L) is (1:1) for the all ion complexes. The degree of dissociation (α) and the stability constant (Ksta.) of the complexes were calculated. The conductivity measurements showed that, All complexes are electrolyte with (1:2).

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Article
Investgation of Fungi Companied With Some Foodstuff and Efficiency of Aspergillus flavus Fungus in Production of Aflatoxin B1 and B2
التحري عن الفطريات المصاحبة لبعض المواد الغذائية وكفاءة الفطر Aspergillus flavus في إنتاج سم الافلا B1 و B2 *

المؤلفون: بان طٰه محمد --- عقيل عبد نعمة
الصفحات: 219-228
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الخلاصة

Laboratory experiments were carried out in the postgraduate laboratories, Biology Department – College of Education / Kerbala University . The study aimed to determine contamination extent of some foodstuff like wheat Triticum aestivum , corn Zea mays , groundnut Arachis hypogaea , pistachio Pistacia vera , honey pumpkin grain Cucurbita moschata and sunflower grain Helianthus annus with fungi, particularly Aspergillus flavus and the collections of the General Company for Grain Trade / Branch of Karbala, Al-Dehan market , the wholesale and local markets . Also determination of isolates fungus A. flavus has been done which obtained from this study in the production of aflatoxin B1 and B2. The results showed that 547 fungal isolates were found included (Alternaria alternata , Aspergillus flavus , Aspergillus niger , Aspergillus terreus , Cladosporium cladosporsis ,Fusarium oxyporium ,Penicillium digitatum , Penicillium spinulosum , Penicillium spp and Rhizopus spp) More contaminated sites with fungal were Al-Dehan market with 216 isolates , and the wholesale market has the second highest location in contamination with 155 isolates, while the local market recorded 122 isolates, grain stores came in the last level among the sites with 54 isolate. These crops were not different in their content from genera and species , but they differed in quantity, where the corn reached the highest contamination of fungi with 123 isolates , the wheat had the lowest percentage of the wholesale number 54 isolates , while honey pumpkin grain recorded the second largest proportion reached to 110 isolates , followed by groundnut, sunflower grain and pistachio which recorded( 96, 90 and 74 ) isolates , respectively. The first fungus A. flavus that recorded 99 isolates at a percentage of 18.1% , while other fungi recorded lower rates. Eighteen isolates of the fungus A. flavus only 11 isolates can produce aflatoxin B1 and B2 at a rate of 61.2%, while 7 with 38.8%were non-produced aflatoxin B1 and B2.

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Article
Growth and Proline Concentration of Some Wheat Cultivars as Influenced by Different Levels of Proline and Field Capacity
نمو وتركيز ألبرولين لبعض أصناف الحنطة بتأثير مستويات مختلفة من ألبرولين والسعة الحقلية *

المؤلفون: مالك عبدالله عذبي --- عبد عون هاشم علوان
الصفحات: 229-237
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الخلاصة

Pot experiment was conducted in a private field located on the main road of Kerbala – Babylon , 10 kms eastern of Kerbala during the season of 2010 - 2011 . The aim of this study was to assess the effect of water stress and proline concentration on the the growth and the proline concentration in the flag leaf of four wheat cultivars . Factorial experiment within completely randomized design with four replicates was applied . The experiment included four wheat cultivars ( ie. Fateh , Adnania , IPA 99 and Sham 6 ) , three concentrations of proline ( ie. 0 , 20 and 40 ) mg . l-1 and three levels of field capacity ( i.e. 25 , 50 and 100% ) . The results could be summarized as follow : The effect of cultivars was not significant on the shoot/root ratio, on the other hand , cultivars significantly affected proline concentration . Proline at 20 mg . l-1 was more effective on studied parameters compared with other concentrations ( ie. 0 and 40 ) mg . l-1 , and, the field capacity of 100% was the best compared with 25% and 50% field capacities . The interaction between cultivars and the proline concentrations was not significant on the shoot/root ratio, on the other hand , it was significantly effective on the proline concentration . The interaction between cultivars and the field capacity was also effective on the studied parameters , the interaction between the proline and field capacity was also significant on the studied parameters. No significant effect was found due to the interaction between studied parameters on the root/shoot ratio , whereas , they had a significant effect on the proline concentration .

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Article
Effect of Lead acetate on the histological structure of liver , kidneys and spleen in white rats Rattus rattus
تأثير خلات الرصاص في التركيب النسجي للكبد والكلى والطحال في الجرذان البيض Rattus rattus

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الخلاصة

This study was conducted on 30 male rats Rattus rattus to study the effect of Lead acetate on the histological structure of liver , kidneys and spleen of treated animals . The results showed that the liver tissues were normal in the treated animals at the dose of 30 mg / kg . for a period of 50 days of oral intubation , whereas there was a clear degeneration of liver tissue in treated animals at the dose of 40 mg /kg for 50 days of oral intubation compared with control group . The kidneys of treated animal at a dose of 30 mg / kg for 50 days of oral intubation showed marked bleeding in the cortex whereas those treated with 40 mg / kg for 50 days of oral intubation showed bleeding and vascular congestion which were more marked in the cortex compared with the kidneys of the control group . As to the spleen of treated animals with 30 mg/kg for 50 days of oral intubation there was a slight increase in the size of white pulp, whereas those treated with 40 mg / kg for 50 days of oral intubation showed a clear increase in the size of white pulp and a degeneration compared with control group .

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Article
Isolation and identification of aquatic fungi from Al-diwanya river and possibility to use as pollution indicaters
*عزل وتشخيص الفطريات المائية من مياه نهر الديوانية وامكانية استخدامها كدلائل لتلوث المياه

المؤلفون: هدى رحيم الموسوي --- ماجد كاظم الشبلي
الصفحات: 246-263
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الخلاصة

The present study included isolation and identification of aquatic fungi from Al-diwanya river in three stations ,station 1(s1) located at the river iterance to the governorate ,station 2(s2) in the middle of the governorate and station 3(s3) near to the river exit from the governorate , the isolation applied by trapping method from the period January - July 2009, also the ecological parameters were done to the water samples including temperature ,pH ,turbidity, all kinds solid salts, electrical- conductivity , nutrients , dissolved O2 and percentage of saturated oxygen. The results of study showed that:- Many aquatic fungi were isolated included two families : Family:- Saprolegniacea (Achlya sp ، A. Americana ، A. ambisexualis ، A. flagellate ، A .klebsiana ، A. prolifera ، Calypetralegnia ripariensis ، Dictyuchus sp ، D. sterile ، Saprolegnia sp ، S. australis ، S. ferax ، S. parasitica) and family:- Pythiaceae(Pyhium) ,there were variable in the number and occurrence ratio of the isolated fungi from station to another s1 was the major rich in fungi (92)isolates then s2 (62) isolates then s3 (31)isolates, the fungus Saprolegnia ferax recorded the higher in its occurrence (15.67%) and the other fungi recorded the following ratios :- (11.89 , 9.72 , 9.18 , 8.10 , 6.48 , 6.48 ، 5.94 , 5.40 , 4.86 , 4.32 , 3.78 , 2.70) % for the fungi (Saprolegnia sp. ، S. sparasitica ، Dictyuchus sp. ، Achlya americana ، Achlya sp. ، Saprolegnia australis ، Achlya flagellate ، A. prolifera , Pythium sp. , Achlya ambisexualis ، A. klebsiana ، Dictyuchus sterile ، Calypeterlegnia ripariensis) respectively. Also the results showed that the winter months gave the higher total number and occurrence ratio of aquatic fungi in all stations but the s1 was the higher (92)isolate and s3 was the less (31) isolate and these is depend up on the pollution level in the stations. As for as ecological parameters ,the study showed a relationship between air and water temperature ,it was decrease in Winter months and increase in Summer ,temperature degreases were close in the studied stations because of the short distance among themes,the higher value of it was at July (31)cº and the less was at January(11.3)cº. The stream speed also was valued from station to another but it was the higher in January in the s1(51)m/mn. Light transparency ranged between (16.8)cm in January at s1 and (35)cm in May at s3,while the pH ranged between (7.1) in July and (8.3)in May in the first station ,in the second station ranged between (7.3) in January and (8.11) in May,while in the third station ranged between (7)in July and (8.3) in March.The medium of salts was(0.69 , 0.75 , 0.69)% in the three stations respectively the less value of salt was in s1 at April and the higher was in s3 at July.

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Article
The protective role of grape seeds oil on damage induced by iron overload on thyroid gland in male rabbite
الدور الوقائي لزيت بذور العنب على التلف الناتج من فرط الحديد على الغدة الدرقية في ذكور الارانب

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الخلاصة

This study was carried out to investigate the protective role of black grape seeds oil Vitisviniferaon thyroid damage induced by iron overload in male rabbits . Twenty five adult male rabbits were divided into five groups (5/group) , the first group was injected with 20 ml/kg distal water and served as control group (G1) . Rabbits in the second group were injected with 20 mg/kg iron dextran with one dose in the first week , two in the second week , three in the third week and four dose in the fourth week (G2). Rabbits in the third group (G3) were inject with 20 mg/kg iron dextran and intubated orally and daily with ED50 of black grape seeds oil which equal to 0.5 ml/kg, while the rabbits in the fourth group (G4) were injected 20 mg/kg iron dextran with SC injection 10 mg/kg desferrioxamine at one dose in the first week , two in the second week , three in the third week and four dose in the fourth week for each one . Rabbits of the last group were injected 20 mg/kg iron dextran, 10 mg/kg desferrioxamine and 0.5 ml/kg black seeds oil. Fasting blood samples were collected at pretreated , after two weeks and at the end of experiment to study the following parameters : the levels of T3, T4 and TSH hormones The results revealed intramuscular injection of iron dextran caused significant decrease (p<0.05) in levels of T3 and T4 hormones ,and significant increase (p<0.05) in levels of TSH hormone Comparative with control group . The group that treated with black grape seeds oil and exposure to iron overload by iron dextran revealed no significant difference was observed in T3, T4 and TSH hormones. The group that was exposed to injection with desferrioxamine revealedsignificant decrease (p<0.05) in T3 and T4 hormones , and significant increase (p<0.05) in concentrations of TSHhormone . Histological section revealed that iron overload caused significant decrease of colloid in thyroid gland, while the results showed normal feature of in thyroid tissue after oral gavages of grape seeds oil comparative with control group, and decrease of colloid after injection of desferrioxamine. In conclusion , results of this study confirm the protective role of black grape seeds oil against deleterious effect of iron overload in thyroid gland , and documented the prevalence of black grape seeds oil up on desferrioxamine

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Article
Response of two varieties of fennel plants Foeniculum vulgare Mill. to methods of transplants production and planting and their effectiveness on growth, seed yield and volatile oil content
استجابة صنفي نبات الحبة الحلوة Foeniculum vulgare Mill. لطريقتي إنتاج الشتلات والزراعة وأثرها في النمو وحاصل البذور والزيت

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الخلاصة

This experiment was conducted during the Agricultural season of 2010-2011 in Agric. Coll. Fields Basrah University. The objective was to study the effect of methods of transplants production and planting of two varieties of fennel plants Foeniculum vulgare Mill. on growth, seed yield and its content of volatile oils. Experiment included 8 factorial treatments as Sum of all combinations of three factors represented by two fennel varieties " Syrian and Lebanon" , two sort of tries for transplants production " plastic of 205 cells 3.5× 3.5 × 6.0 cm. (vol. 74 cm3)and stearopore of 209 cells 2.5 × 2.5 × 7.5 cm. (vol. 47 cm3 )" and two planting methods " rows and furrows" . Factorial Experiment within Randomized Complete Block Design with three replicates was adapted, the means were compared according to the least Significant Difference Test at probability of 0.05. Results showed that Syrian variety gave a significant increases in number of lateral branches and reduced the day's number for anthesis inflorescences/plant, and number of inflorescences/plant, while Lebanon variety gave only a significant increase in plant height. Plastic tray plants gave a significant increases in volatile oil percentage only. Plants grown at rows gave a significant increases in plant height and volatile oil percentage. The interactions between two treatments of the experiment had significantly affected some parameters, while the interactions between each treatment of the experiment had significantly affected all parameters except volatile oil yield/plant.

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Article
The inhibitory effect of Zingiber officinale extract against some pathogenic bacteria andmicrobial content of minced beaf
دراسة التاثير التثبيطي لمستخلص الزنجبيل Zingiber officinale في بعض الجراثيم المرضية ومحتوى اللحم البقري المفروم من الاحياء المجهرية.

المؤلفون: زينب عبد علي حسن
الصفحات: 284-288
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الخلاصة

The antimicrobial activity of the ethyl acetate and water extract of Zinger were studied against 6 pathogenic bacterial species such as Escherichia coli ,Proteus, Klebsiella ,Bacillus cereus, Staph.aureus and Pseudomonas by disc diffusion method . The results showed that the ethanol extract of Zinger revealed maximum zone of inhibition against all isolates, was also study the effect of water Zinger extract in microbial content of minced beaf including Total cont bacteria ,coliform , staphylococci count and molds & yeasts , The results showed that the percentage of inhibition increase with the extract concentration and on the type of microbe when it is stored for 10 days at 4°C .

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Article
Monthly Variations of some physical and chemical characteristics and Concentrations of some Heavy elements in the water of AL-Husseiniya River- Karbala.
التغايرات الشهرية لبعض الخصائص الفيزيائية والكيميائية ومستويات بعض العناصر الثقيلة لمياه نهر الحسينية- كربلاء

المؤلفون: طالب هاشم مطلوب
الصفحات: 289-298
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الخلاصة

The physico-chemical characteristics of the AL-Husseiniya River's water in four sites along the river through 12 months starting from January 2007 to December 2007,and it was found that the water was (Olighahalin) extended between (400 – 1100) µs/ cm. Disssolved oxygen extended between (5-12) mg/l. The pH levels extended between ( 7.7 -8.6). The water was alkaline extended between (107– 380) mg/l, with dominant bicarbonate ions in all study period. The water of the river was account as very hard water. The total hardness was extended between (300 – 580)mg CaCO3/ l). Among the cations and anions measured in the study, Ca+2 was higher than Mg+2 and SO4-2 was clearly higher than Cl-1. Nitrate was the dominant inorganic nitrogen sources. The concentrations of NO3 , NO2 , PO4 was extended between (100-530) and (0.2-31) and (9-70) μg/l respectively. Seasonally Concentrations of four Heavy elements. (pb, Cr, Hg, Cd) determined in the study and extended (10.9-35.4) and (56.7-73.5) and (74.8-114.4) μg/l respectively. It was excess the limited Iraqi and international water Guidelines

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Article
The Selective Pressure Effect of Antiseptics on the Patterns of Resistance in Staphylococcus aureus
تأثير الضغط الانتخابي للمطهرات على نمط مقاومة بكتريا العنقوديات الذهبية للمضادات الحيوية

المؤلفون: كوكب عبدالله حسين السعدي
الصفحات: 299-304
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الخلاصة

Isolates of Staphylococcus aureus had been collected from Education hospital of college of medicine /Babylon University by taking a swabs from hospital environment and patient ,then bacteriological and biochemical tests were performed to identify the bacterial isolates . All isolates of S. aureus were submitted to antibacterial susceptibility test using Ampicillin (AM), Methicillin (ME), Neomycin (N), Oxacillin (OX),and Vancomycin (VA). Mithacillin sensitive S.aureus) MSSA) were exposured to two types of disinfectant which used ordinarily in serial dilution from stock concentration of Iodine 2% and Pottasium permanganate 1g/10 ml . The results showed a wide spreading of S.aureus in the environment of Education hospital of college of medicine /Babylon University at rate reached to 38.88% and all isolates both Methicilline resistance S.aureus (MRSA) and Methicillin sensitive S.aureus (MSSA)were resist to Vancomycin at rate 42.85% , while the rate resistance of all isolates towards Ampicillin the was 100% , and the resistance to Oxacilline was disappear to all isolates at rate reached to 75%, these results were matched with resistance Neomycin. Additionally, The results in this study were revealed the iodine disinfectant at dilution 10-1 of (from the stock concentration 20%) was sufficient to kill the Methicillin sensitive S.aureus while, the same dilution of Potassium permanganate was insufficient to kill the bacteria by it's ability to grow in this dilution .

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Article
Effect of Lead acetate on the male reproductive cycle of white rats Rattus rattus
تأثير خلات الرصاص في الجهاز التناسلي الذكري في الجرذان البيض Rattus rattus

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الخلاصة

This study was conducted on 30 male rats Rattus rattus to investigate the effects of Lead acetate on the efficiency of the male reproductive system . The study included weight changes of some reproductive system organs , sperm parameters in testes and epididymis and histological changes in testes and epididymis. The results showed a decrease (P<0.05) in mean weight of testes , epididymis , prostate and seminal vesicle .A decrease (P<0.05) in the mean of sperm concentration in testes and epididymis and in the mean of sperm concentration / mg of the testes and also a decrease (P<0.05) in the mean of sperm activity of the percentage of viable sperm in epididymis cauda and an increase in the mean of abnormal sperms in cauda of epididymis. The histological study showed that there was necrosis in the spermiogenic tissue and a decrease in spermatogenesis and also in sperms stored in the epididymis . All these effects were more marked at the dose of 30 mg and 40 mg / kg.

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Article
AQualitative Evaluation of Al-Razzaza Water Drainage and Studying the Possibility of Its Use for Irrigation
التقييم النوعي لمياه مبزل الرزازة ودراسة امكانية استخدامها لغرض الري

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الخلاصة

This study was conducted in the city of Karbala for the purpose of determining the suitability of Al-Razzaza water drainage and studying the possibility of its use for irrigation. Twelve sites were selected along the course of the drainage to take samples of water. Chemical analyses were conducted for (96) samples of drainage water which collected monthly for all the sites during the period from June 2009 to January 2010. Chemical analysis for samples of water included evaluation of the total dissolved solids (TDS), the major positive elements (calcium, Ca+ +, magnesium Mg++, sodium Na+, potassium K+) and major negative elements (sulfates So4-, chloride Cl-) in addition to hydrochemical transactions (electrical conductivity EC, pH, sodium adsorption ratio SAR). The results showed that the value of electrical conductivity and total dissolved solids generally increase towards the end of the drainage. Also the results showed that the common type for the drainage water of various sites that have been identified in the period from June -2009 to January -2010 is the C2-S1 that is, brackish and low sodium water. Thus this water is suitable to irrigate most crops and it can be used for irrigation purposes in different kinds of soils, without affecting the hydraulic conductivity and the rates of water infiltration of the soil.

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