Table of content

Journal of Education for Pure Science

مجلة التربية للعلوم الصرفة

ISSN: 20736592
Publisher: Thi-Qar University
Faculty: Education
Language: English

This journal is Open Access

About

The Journal of Education for Pure Sciences (hereafter JEPS) is double blind peer-reviewed academic journal operated by Thi-Qar University. It is devoted to publish high-quality contributions covering a wide range of subjects in sciences.

Frequency: The JEPS is published in one volume annually having four issues.The first issue was published in 2010.
ISSN: 20736592

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Contact info

Website: jceps.utq.edu.iq

Email:jceps.utq.edu.iq@gmail.com

mobile:009647800900415

College of Education for Pure Science
University of Thi-Qar

Table of content: 2017 volume:7 issue:3

Article
Effect Of Glycin ,Camphor and Schiff Base (R-CH=Nar)ON blood protien And Liver Enzymes in The Rats.

Authors: SHIREEN A. HASAN
Pages: 1-10
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Abstract

Abstract The study aimed to compared the effect of camphor ,glycin and prepared chemical base on the liver enzymes and blood proteins values .32malesand females of wister albino rats were used in the present study . randomly divided into 4 groups(n=8) . the control group was given olive oil only,3 experimental groups injected daily intraperitoneal injection of (75 mg/kg)from (glycin ,camphorand Schiff base )solutied in olive oil . All groups were kept in the same environmental conditions.At the end of 4 weeks all rats were killed and collected the blood serum for analysis .the glycin group significantly decreased in liver enzyme levels (AST,ALT,ALP)but significantly increased in blood proteins parameters levels(TP,GLU,ALB) compared with control group.study showed significance increased in both liver enzymes and blood protiens levels in groups which treated with (camphor & Schiff base )compared with the control group.The present study showed that used camphor and the new Schiff base haved the same effected on the liver enzymes and blood protiens.


Article
Formulation and Evaluation of Floating Microspheres of Clarithromycin

Authors: Iman Saad
Pages: 11-30
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Abstract

Abstract In this work we prepare, characterize and evaluatefloating microspheres of Clarithromycinby ionic gelation method with an aim of increasing the gastric residence time and for controlled release.Gelatin, polymeric mixture of gelatin and Hydroxy ethyl cellulose (HEC) were used as polymers. Sodium bicarbonate was used as the gas-forming agent. The production microspheres were characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), and photomicrographs microscopy. The prepared floating microspheres evaluated by particles size distribution, floating behavior, drug content, entrapment efficency, morphology and in vitro release werestudied.The micros pheres diameters range322.49μm-584.64 μm.The results the release rate decrease with increaseing coeting material concentration. The floating microspheres followed zero order kinetics and drug mechanisam releasedtoPeppas model. The microspheres exponential coefficient values between 0.559 and 0.911 that indicatied to non fickian diffusion controlled release mechanism.


Article
The Impact of Annealing Temperature on Electrical Properties of Sb Thin Films

Authors: Emad A. Salman
Pages: 31-36
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Abstract

Abstract The impact of annealing temperature on the electrical properties of Sbthin films, theSb films were deposited on glass substrates at room temperature thermal evaporation technique with thickness (0.5 μm), all samples are annealed in a vacuum for one hour. The electrical properties of these films were studied with different annealing temperatures,the d.c conductivity for all deposited films decreases from 17.54


Article
Experimental infection of fresh water snail Lymnaea auricularia with Clinostomum complanatum (Trematoda: Clinostomidae)

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Abstract

Abstract: The digenetic trematode Clinostomum complanatum is naturally parasitizes the throat and esophagus of piscivorous birds, used aquatic snail and fishes (rarely frogs and toads) as first and the second intermediate hosts respectively. The aim of this study was to investigate the possibility of infection of fresh water snail Lymnaea auricularia with miracidium of Clinostomum because lacking the study on the life cycle of this parasite in Iraq. Snails were collected from vegetation and debris in shallow water of Euphrates river and identified as Lymnaea auricularia, their eggs were isolated for production of new generation which used for the infection with Clinostomum miracidium. Eggs of mature trematodes Clinostomum complanatum were isolated from the buccal cavity and esophagus of Bubulicus ibis and hatched to miracidium after 21 days of incubation, The fresh water snails Lymnaea auricularia were experimentally infected with miracidium of C. complanatum. The miracidium were ciliated with eye spot in the anterior third of body, the infected snails with these miracidium released cercariae after 30 days post infection. The cercariae of C. complanatum were fork tailed with two eye spots in the anterior part of middle third of the body.


Article
Study the Relationship between Helicobacter pylori Infection and ABO Blood Groups and Rh Status

Authors: Hasan Abd Ali Khudhair
Pages: 48-56
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Abstract

Abstract This paper was aimed to investigate the association between the ABO blood groups and H. pylori infection and to determine how much endoscopic findings are predict for the presence of active H. pylori infection. One hundred and twenty dyspeptic patients (as diagnosed by endoscopy and confirmed by histopathology) and sixty apparently healthy individuals were enrolled in this study. All subjects were underwent ABO blood grouping and Rhesus (Rh) systems determination. The results reveals higher frequency present of blood type O and the lowest frequency present of blood types A and AB among H. pylori patients compared to positive control group. The endoscopic findings showed low sensitivity in the diagnosis of H. pylori associated gastritis. In conclusion, there are considerable positive relationship between H. pylori infection and blood type O.


Article
The effect of a drug pentostam in male laboratory mice infected with diabetes and Leishmania donovani parasite
تأثیر عقار البنتوستام في ذكور الفئران المختبریة المصابة بداء السكري

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Abstract

Abstract The present study was conducted to determine the effect of a drug pentostam on laboratory animals infected with diabetes and Leishmania donovani, it is done through the use of criteria blood and tissue sections of the liver and spleen and the comparison group of negative control, mice treated group showed the drug and substance alloxan and infected parasite that there was no significant difference (p < 0.05) in the total number of red blood cells and a significant decrease (p < 0.05) in the neutrophil and acidophilus and lymphocytes and recorded a significant decrease (p < 0.05), while lymphocytes showed moral high (p < 0.05) in the total number of cells, white blood while only monocyte and basophil did not record any significant differences (p < 0.05) for all groups as well as histological sections of the liver and a clear expansion in the Hepatic sinusoids with the multiplication of Cofer cells and infiltration clear of inflammatory cells of the type Eosinophil and Phagocyte showed Lama's spleen observed the amyloid gathered around the white pulp with a multiplication of red pulp with the disappearance septa within the lymphoid tissue and the presence of giant cell nucleus and the exhaustion of a clear white pulp.


Article
Effect of aqueous root extract chicory (Cichorium intybus L.) plant on growth of some dermatophytes

Authors: Meethaq Sattar Abood
Pages: 73-83
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Abstract

Abstract: Chicory (Cichorium intybus L.) is a plant contains number of medicinally important compounds such as inulin,esculin, volatile compounds , coumarins, flavonoids and vitamins. In the present study, antifungal activity of the root extracts of chicory against pathogenic fungi (Dermatophytes) like Tricophytone tonsurans, Tricophytone verruscosum and Microsporum canis by in vitro agar well diffusion method was don at two different concentration (100mg/ml ,200mg/ml) . The aqueous root extracts of chicory showed inhibition effect on dermatophytes . Root extracts showed more inhibitory action on T. verrucosum with diameter of inhibition zone 3.50 cm while less inhibition zone appeared for M.canis 1.25cm . There observed significant (p>0.05) effects of concentration of root extract on fungal growth and there was significant differences (p>0.05) between fungal species in response to root extract


Article
Determine The Location Of Nodes In Wireless Sensor Network By Using GA

Authors: Rana Hameed Hussain
Pages: 84-93
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Abstract

Abstract: In several cases, it is important, or even necessary, for a device in the wireless sensor network to be aware of its location in the network. For example, the event detection process loses its importance if the wireless sensor network cannot provide any information about where the event occurred. However, site information cannot be manually configured on each device during deployment. It is also futile to place the future of the Global Positioning System (GPS) at each node, due to physical and publishing limitations (e.g. GPS does not work within the structure) and other limitations related to the power of the device. In this paper we proposed new methodologytodetermine the location of nodes by using Genetic Algorithms(GA).GA consider an important technique in the search for the best choice of a set of solutions available for a particular design. Through the results obtained using the proposed algorithm, this method can be considered more reliable and cost effective than traditional methods.

Keywords

Keywords: WS N --- Localization --- Nodes --- Base Station --- GA


Article
Using Genetic Algorithm to Minimize Single Machine Scheduling Problem

Authors: Sami .M Araibi
Pages: 94-108
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Abstract

Abstract In this paper, the problem of scheduling n jobs on a single machine is considered. The aim in this study is to find the near optimal solution for the discounted total weighted completion time


Article
Serodetection and Molecular Confirmation of Mycobacterium tuberculosis Infections in Dogs

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Abstract

Abstract The aim of the present study was to detect the prevalence rate of IgG-antibodies specific for M. tuberculosis in dogs by application of indirect ELISA and confirming the infection in seropositive samples by using a molecular test (PCR). For this purpose, 178 stray dogs were selected randomly from some regions of Al-Qadisiyyah governorate / Iraq, for blood samples collection. The total prevalence rate of seropositive was 11 (6.18 %) that subjected for culture, and the suspected samples were tested by PCR technique that revealed on 6 (3.37 %) positive samples. Also, the relationships, between the positive infections with sex and age factors, had been studied. The study revealed that the infection ratio in males and females was 5.41 % and 6.38 % serologically, and 2.7 % and 3.55 % molecularly, respectively. In concerning to age factor, the morbidity rate of tuberculosis in


Article
Data Clustering Using Fuzzy Approach

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Abstract

Abstract In largeComputers;the huge volume of files actually generate disorder to analyze it. So, it desiresto design a clustering techniques which reduce the costs of analysts. Document clustering is an essentialprocess in text mining, which retrieve the information with an acceptable accuracy, which can be achieved by fuzzy clustering. Reuters 21578 dataset is used for experimental purpose, the proposed system was tested by using Reuters 21578 datasets according to the time required to cluster data. The proposed system improves data clustering algorithms by construct required fuzzy clusters. The proposed system showed a good result compared with clustering techniques in comparing with other clustering techniques in time efficiency.


Article
Study the Relationship between the ( CD28 IVS3+17C/T), (CTLA-4 +49A/G) genes Polymorphisms and Thyroid Autoimmune Disorder in Thi-Qar Province/ Iraq
137 و (CD28 + IVS3 17T / C) دراسة العلاقة بین تعدد الاشكال الوراثية لج ن يات واضطرابات المناعة الذاتیة ( CTLA-4 +49A/G)

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Abstract

Abstract This study has been designed to investigate the role of the (CD28IVS3+17C/T , CTLA- 4+49A/G ) genes Polymorphisms and the extent to which they contribution in thyroid autoimmune disorders at Thi- Qar Province. The current study included 240 people and who were among the three groups by 80 people in each group. The first group (patients with hyperthyroidism ), the second group (patients with hypothyroidism) and third group are (healthy group) with no infection of any disease of the thyroid gland . DNA was extracted from the two groups of patients and the healthy group and then amplified genes (CD28, CTLA-4) using PCR technique. The RFLP technique used to detect the CD28IVS3+17C/T , CTLA-4+49A/G genes Polymorphisms . The results of the present study showed that there was no association between gene Polymorphisms (CD28 + IVS3 17T) and thyroid autoimmune disorders. On the other hand, the results of the study showed a correlation between the CTLA-4+49A/G gene Polymorphisms and autoimmune disorders of the thyroid gland in patients compared to the healthy group. The risk of hyperthyroidism is two time at the heterozygous (A/G ) in patients compared to the healthy group ( OR=2.09;95% CI=0.946 – 4.624) , and four time at the homozygous (G/G ) in patients compared to the healthy group ( OR=4.11;95% CI=1.888 – 8.8.951). The risk of hypothyroidism was one and a half time at the heterozygous (A/G ) in patients compared to the healthy group ( OR=1.52;95% CI=0.701 – 3.329), and It is three times the presence of the heterozygous (G / G) in patients compared to the healthy group( OR=3.03;95% CI=1.415 – 6.456).

Keywords


Article
Tissue penetration of Toxoplasmosis in experimental rats

Authors: Zahraa Sadoon Al-Ghezy
Pages: 150-160
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Abstract

Abstract: Toxoplasma gondiiis an intracellular protozoa, widespread throughout the world, and it has the ability to infect many organs in the body such as the brain, eyes, liver and spleen.In this study, 56 rats(28 males and 28 females) were divided into two groups, the first group28 rats(14 male and 14 female) was inoculated with normal saline to serve as control,and the second group 28 rats(14 male and 14 female)was infected intraperitonealy with placental fluid containing1×107tachyzoites of Toxoplasma gondii. After 2 months of infection, the infection was confirmed by using real-time PCR, and the animals were scarified. Brain, liver and spleen tissues were fixed in 10% formalin for histological examination.The results indicated that the parasite invaded many tissues and caused many histopathological changes. The parasite (tissue cyst stage containing bradyzoite and tachyzoite stage) were recorded in the braintissues of both males and females.The brain tissues also revealed many histological changes included inflammatory manifestations and a wide areas of edema. The groups of laboratory rats which infected with T. gondii showed several histological changes in the liver tissue, included congestion of the central vein, expansion of the jaundice and accumulation of the inflammatory cells in several sites of the liver. The spleen of infected group showed hemorrhage, extra-medullary mega karyocytosis, necrosis, fibrosis and degeneration of spleen tissues.


Article
Investigation of Microsatellite Instability BAT 25 and BAT 26 in Breast Cancer Patients by Conventional PCR

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Abstract

Abstract: Background: Breast cancer is the most common cancer among women worldwide, comprising 23% of the 1.1 million female cancers that newly diagnosed each year. Aims: Investigate the existence of microsatellite instability (MSI) in breast cancer of patients. Settings and Design: Fifty female patients with invasive ductal breast carcinoma (IDC) collected. Inclusion criteria of subjects include female patients with diagnostic feature of breast cancer and age range 26-42 years old untreated with chemotherapy or hormonal therapy. Methods and Material: DNA had be extracted from frozen tissue samples of breast cancer. This protocol done according to the kit manufacture’s manual of QIAamp DNA Mini kit from Qiagen – USA. All samples tested for MSI bysingleplex PCR reactions using two microsatellite markers BAT 25 and BAT 26.PCR achieved in a final volume of 50 μl and after thermal cycles, gel visualization performed. Statistical analysis used: The significance of differences in proportions was analysed by the Fisher’s exact testwith SPSS version 20 and P values equal or less than 0.001 considered statistically significant. Results: PCR demonstrating microsatellite instability in 13 (26%) of the 50 breast cancer sample. Eight (16%) of 50 breast cancer sample were BAT 25 positive with a PCR product size of 124 bp, while 5 (10%) of 50 breast cancer sample were BAT 26 positive with a PCR product size 121bp. Conclusions: The result suggest strong evidence that microsatellite instability (MSI) at the BAT 25 and BAT 26 and have involved in the pathogenesis of the great majority of breast cancers.


Article
Effect of Aqueous Extract of Rosmarinus officinalis on Kidney and Liver of Male Rats Experimentally Infected With Diabetic

Authors: Fatima Aziz Mahdi Al-badry
Pages: 171-186
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Abstract

Abstract The present study was designed to investigate the effect of aqueous extract of rosemary on some organs such as kidney and liver of diabetic rats . Twenty eight adult male albino rats were equally divided into four groups ; the first group gulped with distilled water which consider as the control group .The second group administered the aqueous extract of rosemary , The third group experimentally diabetic by alloxan that induced many histological changes in the kidney and liver while the fourth group diabetic and treated with aqueous extract of rosemary . Histological changes were observed in kidney which included contraction of glomeruli , enlargement of space Bowman's capsule , degeneration and necrosis of renal tubules , haemorrhage , absence of glomeruli , aggregation inflammatory cells , degenerative and necrosis of glomeruli , then the histological changes was advanced to arrival to death of glomerulus , perfect closed to canal of renal tubules , hyperplasia and venous congestion . Diabetic caused in liver some histological changes as aggregation inflammatory cells , edema in central vein , necrosis , degeneration of hepatocytes, haemorrhage , enlargement of sinusoids , congestion of the central portal vein , vacuolation of hepatocytes and fibrosis . Histopathological examination of the rat's organs confirmed this amelioration of health showing that using of aqueous extract of rosemary can reduce pathological changes in kidney and liver . This study clearly demonstrated that administration of aqueous extract of rosemary alleviates the harmful effects of diabetic induced kidney and liver damages .


Article
Diagnosis of brain tumorby using digital image processing technique

Authors: Noor hayder --- Hazeem B. Taher
Pages: 187-195
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Abstract

Abstract In this paper we propose algorithm for the diagnosis of brain tumor in both cases normal or abnormal tumor, it has been the use of neural network technology after making optimizations, filter and remove the impurities of the brain image. Samples were taken from a group of patients in AL-Husain Teaching Hospitaldisparate ages and both gender, there are 100 images collected 80 of them training which showed the results of 100% and 20 of these samples were tested results showed 90%.


Article
Air Temperature Variation between Basra city center and its Northern West Side

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Abstract We investigate the effect of urban and the surrounding desert areas from the west and northern west side on the temperature of the city, and to find out the difference between them for both maximum temperatures and minimum. It was based on the data of the Iraqi Meteorological Organization, and Seismology for both Al Hussein Station and Basra Airport station for the period from 1990 to 2012. The result was that the difference average in the maximum temperature between the two stations very low and did not exceed 0.3 oC. In some months, the maximum temperature of Al Hussein Station was higher than the maximum temperature of airport station. The difference average in temperature extremes was clear as it exceeded 3oC in July and October.


Article
Investigating the possible thermal-induced nonlinearities inLinseed,Rose and Chamomile oils using visible laser beam

Authors: I.T.Abed-Ali --- C. A. Emshary
Pages: 205-215
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Abstract

Abstract: Possiblenonlinear optical characteristics in Linseed,Rose and Chamomile oils are investigated. Large thermal-induced third order nonlinear refractive index,n2,(10-7- 10-6)cm2/W has been obtained in rose and chamomile oilsat532 nm continuous wave (cw) laser radiation. Number of rings as well as the diameter of the outer most ring in each ring pattern is found to increased monotonically with increasing input power.Diffraction ring pattern resulted in Linseed oil by the simultaneous irradiation of the green andbluelight beamsat 532 nmand 473 nm respectively.


Article
Identification histopathological characterizations of mercuric chloride toxicity in albino male mice

Authors: Enwar Abdalkarim Abdalhussin
Pages: 216-224
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Abstract Mercury compounds have been known as one of most heavy metals which cause adverse effect for both human and animal. Nevertheless, several studies have been documented poison effect of mercury in different aspects, but so far there are few reports related histopathlogical changes are not enough clear according dose-dependent. Therefore, our study focused on histopathlogical examination of kidney and lung tissues which were treated with two different dose of mercuric chloride to elucidate level of toxicity. Thirty male mice have been equally divided in to three groups. First group was treated with distilled water as control and other two groups were given two different doses of mercuric chloride; 1mgk.g and 4 mgk.g respectively. All animals have been administrated by intra-peritoneal injection for 60 consecutive days. At the end of experimental; all mice were sacrificed and eviscerated the target organs (kidney and lung) to prepare for histological processing steps. Histopathlogical results have revealed that severity of low dose mercuric chloride administration was minor effect than high dose given in both kidney and lung. That was showing moderate renal structures damages and pulmonary parenchyma destruction. Consequently, these results indicated that toxic activity of mercuric chloride was according to dose-dependent. Subsequently, the moderate damages have been occurred in renal and lung tissues due to long term exposure.

Table of content: volume:7 issue:3