Table of content

Muthanna Medical Journal

مجلة المثنى الطبية

ISSN: 2226146x
Publisher: Al-Muthanna University
Faculty:
Language: English

This journal is Open Access

About

Muthanna Medical Journal (MMJ) is the official journal of Muthanna Medical College, a semiannual peer-reviewed online and print journal. The MMJ allows free access (Open Access) to its contents and permits authors to self-archive final accepted version of the articles on any OAI-compliant institutional/subject-based repository.
The Journal follows the ICMJE's Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals.

Loading...
Contact info

Postal Mail
Muthanna Medical School
Samawah
Tel: 0782542-5669
Email: yousif_ghaly@yahoo.com

Table of content: 2017 volume:4 issue:1

Article
The effect of different types of mouth washes on the modulus elasticity of elastic ligature

Authors: Wael Abdul Razzak Al waelly
Pages: 1-7
Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

The mouth washes are widely used for maintain oral hygiene for patient wearing fixed orthodontic appliances but had effect on the elastic ligature so it’s important to measure the modulus elasticity of elastic ligature. This study was carried out to evaluate the effect of different type of mouthwashes on modulus elasticity of the elastic ligature. A 40 elastic ligatures were selected from commercially available clear elastic ligature, the elastics were adjusted on S.S brackets which were bonded to maxillary right first premolar by chemical composite, the elastic ligatures were divided into four main groups and each group had 10 elastics as follows: group A. 10 elastic ligatures were immersed in a pool distilled water at 37c instead of saliva. Group B. 10 elastic ligatures were immersed in bio fresh. Group C. 10 elastic ligatures were immersed in corsodyl. Group D, 10 elastic ligatures were immersed in parodontax. All samples were then tested to determine the modulus elasticity by instron machine. The Paradontax mouthwash group provided a higher value of mean of the modulus elasticity of the elastic ligature followed by distilled water and Corosydel groups. The biofresh had the least value of mean of the modulus elasticity. There were highly significant differences between control and Corosydel; and control and biofresh groups (P≤0.01). No significant differences, however, between control and paradontax groups (P≥0.05). In conclusion, the Paradontax mouthwash group had a great effect on the modulus elasticity of the elastic ligature. The biofresh had the least effect on the modulus elasticity.


Article
A comparative study of ultrasonography & magnetic resonance imaging with pathological results in diagnosis, localization & measurement of uterine leiomyomas

Pages: 8-19
Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Uterine leiomyomas (fibroids or myomas) are the commonest benign tumor of the pelvic organs in females, accurate mapping of myomas is essential for treatment. Many studies, used ultrasonography (US) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to determine myomas localization, number and measurement, recently concern has been increasing rate of hysterectomy for myoma in women who have complete childbearing. The aim of the study is to compare US, MRI results with pathology that is regard as a gold standard in detection, localization and measurement of the uterine lieomyoma. A comparative study was done during the period from July 2012 to April 2016 in AL-Diawanyia general teaching hospital in Iraq all included female patients had uterine myomas and all of them had pelvic ultrasonography, MRI and hysterectomy, the results were compared with pathological results. Both US and MRI results were compared with pathology result and the correct detection rate of myoma in ultrasound was low (73.3%) if compare with MRI detection rate (98.1%) with significant P 0.001. Mean number of myomas in US was (1.62±1.07), in MRI was (2.14±149) and in pathology was (2.15±1.50), mean diameter of myomas in pathology was 3.49±2.21, in MRI was 3.58±2.21 with P value 0.360 while in US mean number was 4.37±1.73with P value 0.002. Regarding myomas’ localization, there is no significant difference between MRI & pathology (P =0.1573) but there is high significant difference in myomas’ localization in US and pathology(P=0.00889). In conclusions; MRI is indicated when exact myoma mapping is required.


Article
Evaluation of paraoxonase1 activities and lipid profiles concentration in sera of Β-thalassemia major patients

Authors: Ghufran Mohammed Hussein
Pages: 20-22
Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Determination of serum paraoxonase1 activities and lipid profiles concentration and its action in the increasing the susceptibility for atherosclerosis development in βTM patients. The study included βTM patients in addition to apparently healthy control group. The study was conducted on 35 patients with βTM (22 males and 13 females), aged 5 to 15 years and the control group include 31 subjects (19 males and 12 females) those are apparently healthy, aged 6 to 17 years were used as control. Blood was taken from all subjects for determination of serum paraoxonase1 activities, lipid profile, iron and ferritin concentration. The results of present study show significant drop in serum paraoxonase and arylesterase activity, LDL-cholesterol, total cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol concentration and significant increase in serum iron, ferritin and triglycerides concentration in βTM group in comparism with control (healthy) group. In conclusion, a drop in serum PON1 activities and raise serum ferritin and iron concentration are increase the susceptibility for development of atherosclerosis in βTM patients.


Article
ECG abnormalities in first visit of diabetic patients in Al Sammawah Diabetic center: cohort study

Authors: Saad Hallawee
Pages: 23-34
Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Diabetes Mellitus is a very common progressive endocrine disease in Iraq (and our society) as part of whole world, and diabetic patients are more likely to have cardiovascular diseases than patients without diabetes. ECG is the most widely used simple noninvasive test for evaluation of cardiovascular risk, so our study was focused to assess the relation between the frequency of ECG changes with the patients glycemic control and their age group. A 600 patients with newly diagnosed diabetes Mellitus were identified from diabetic center in Al Sammawah teaching hospital. All are evaluated for variables; age, gender, glycemic control (HbA1c level) and ECG abnormalities. Then they are divided in two groups those with and others without ECG changes during evaluation of their above variables. The selected patients are 294 female and 309 male with most age distribution affected are 50-59 years 189(32%) followed by 40- 49 years,130(22%)then 60-69 age group119 (20%), 30-39 years 68(11%), >70 years 52 (9%) and <30 years about 37(6%). 327 patients with normal ECG and 273 patients with abnormal ECG, female was predominant by 55%, and ECG abnormality was distributed among low voltage in 110 patients (18 %), bradycardia in 54 patients (9%), with variable percent for the other ECG abnormalities. Diabetic control for most of the patients was poor according to HbA1c level which measured in the first visit and 77% of patients with HbA1c above 8. In conclusion; the age group distribution in Samawah city is comparable to the other population, but with very bad diabetic control which require more effective educational and advance therapeutic approaches to control this propagating challenge. ECG changes seen were predominantly low voltage, then bradycardia which may reflect other association which require more future research.

Keywords

Diabetes Mellitus --- ECG --- HbA1c


Article
Evaluation of T-Spot TB test to detection tuberculosis in Al- Muthanna province

Authors: Haider Hameed Mitab
Pages: 35-49
Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Tuberculosis (TB) stands as a major public health problem worldwide. The rapid diagnosis of individuals with active TB and detection of individuals with latent TB and rapid introduction of effective treatment to prevent them from spreading of disease. The aim of study was to evaluation the IGRA in the diagnosis of TB in comparison to other tests (conventional and molecular tests) during the period from October/2015 to June/2016 in advisory clinic for respiratory diseases and thoracic in Al-Samawa city in Al- Muthanna province. Sixty sputum and blood specimens were taken in this study was conducted with randomly selected people for evaluation of immunological detection of active and non-active tuberculosis compare with control individuals by using T-Spot. TB test, compare with tuberculin skin test (TST), conventional and molecular tests. The diagnostic sensitivity and specificity that estimated for T-Spot.TB test compare to TST were 51% and 47% respectively, and ORA was 50 %. This study concludes capability of T-Spot.T B test in diagnosis of active, under- treatment and latent PTB cases with more benefit to diagnose of extra pulmonary cases. Also, the study confirmed the failure of TST test in evaluation of PTB positive and negative incidences in respect of vaccinated or non- vaccinated status.


Article
Review Article: Stem cells a healing effect in cancer therapy

Pages: 50-52
Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Cancer is the DNA replications mistakes, where it's enhance by many chemical factors, environmental factors, radiation, in addition to, the viral and immunological diseases. It has been diagnosed many types of cancers in human being, called by the organs and classified to breast cancer, lung cancer, prostate cancer, and colon cancer …..etc. Oncology is the science of genetic materials disease after birth in humans, concern with all metabolic steps guide to abnormal DNA multiplications within somatic cells In order to stop these abnormal multiplications, the researchers tend to find genetic drugs within telomerase line of research; chemical drugs used to kill the cancer cells at early stages of disease; immunological drugs that used in immune system stimulation materials.

Keywords

Stem cells --- regenerations --- cancer --- drug


Article
Safety and efficiency intra articular hyaluronate injections of treatment knee Osteoarthritis

Authors: Ali Hasanain Alhamadan
Pages: 53-59
Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Osteoarthritis is a chronic disease characterized by degradation joint that may cause cartilage loss and morphological deterioration to another joint tissue, more delicate biochemical changes occur in the early stages of Osteoarthritis progress. healthy cartilage content water that make balanced by compressive force driving water out while hydrostatic and osmotic pressure drawing water in. Collagen fiber make the pressure force and cartilage proteoglycan create osmotic pressure which draw water in, Without the protective effect of the proteoglycan the fiber and collagen of the cartilage can become susceptible to degradation and degeneration. Hyaluronic acid is major component of synovial fluid and articular cartilage, and is responsible for viscosity and elasticity of synovial fluid. The quantity and molecular weight of Hyaluronic acid in the synovial flu-id is decrease in the osteoarthritis patient. The purpose of injecting intra-articular HA is to replace HA so that the natural viscosity of synovial fluid is maintained, so relieve pain and improve function of knee Osteoarthritis. HA injections have been used in treating knee osteoarthritis for over two decades in most developed countries, but in Iraq begin used late and slow due to lack of patient education about the injection, study diagnosed two group of knee Osteoarthritis for both gender and observed benefit and effectiveness to pre-and post of HA injection, the results were various significant during one month under study.

Table of content: volume:4 issue:1