Table of content

Ibn Al-Haitham Journal For Pure And Applied Science

مجلة ابن الهيثم للعلوم الصرفة والتطبيقية

ISSN: P16094042/ E25213407
Publisher: Baghdad University
Faculty: Education Ibn Al-Haitham
Language: English

This journal is Open Access

About

Ibn al-Haitham journal for Pure and Applied Sciences is a scientific journal publishes scientific papers of researchers from inside and outside Iraq, in the fields of Pure and Applied Science. papers submitted for publication subject to accurate scientific assessment. This journal published by the College of Education (Ibn al-Haitham) / University of Baghdad.
No. of issues per year [3]
No. of Papers per Issue [50]

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Contact info

Email: ihjpas@gmail.com
ihjpas@ihcoedu.uobaghdad.edu.iq
mobile : +964 790 261 8406

Table of content: 2019 volume:32 issue:2

Article
Table of Contents

Pages: 0
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Abstract

Keywords


Article
Histomorphometrical Study of Placental from Male and Female Neonates of Diabetic Women

Authors: Estabraq A. Mahmoud
Pages: 1-8
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Abstract

Objective: To investigate occur the histomatrical alternations in placental terminal villi and their vessels of Iraqi diabetes (gestational diabetes and overt diabetes) and normal pregnancies were born male and female neonates. Methods: The hitometrical study of male and female terminal villi of 68 placentae in maternal diabetes mellitus (34 gestational diabetes, 34 overt diabetes (17 DM type 1 and 17 DM type 2) and 34 normal placentae. These placentae obtained from Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology in three hospitals in Baghdad city. Results: The study showed that there is a statistically significant with higher diameter in central and peripheral sections of the terminal villi and their vessels in male neonate. Moreover, terminal villous diameter in central and peripheral sections of placentae in both male and female neonates appeared highly significant differences (P≤0.001) between DM type 1 and DM type 2, but fetal blood vessels in this terminal villous did not record any significant difference (P>0.05). Conclusions: The current results concluded that increasing in diameters terminal villous and their fetal blood vessels of central and peripheral sections of placentae recorded increasing diameters of GDM peripheral sections of placentae in male neonate in comparison to placental sections of other study groups.


Article
Investigation in the Effect of Applied Voltage and Working Pressure on Some Plasma Parameters in the Positive Column of Dc Glow Discharge

Authors: Mustafa K. Jassim
Pages: 9-20
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Abstract

Comsol multiphysics software is established to make a simulation that is comparable with experimental device. by utilizing comsol, the positive column domain of direct-current glow discharge with argon is considered for both of different applied voltage and working gas pressure. The calculations are exhibited by using a precise collision cross sections and Townsend coefficients for the argon. The impacts of voltage and pressure on the Debye length, number of particles in Debye sphere and plasma frequency are calculated and graphically delineated. With this regard to the dependence of plasma parameters on the applied voltage and pressure, some of them are found to be compatible with the experimental results, while others are not. For example, the calculations of the COMSOL shows that the electron temperature is not always decreasing with the increase in the applied voltage, and the Debye length does not give a linearly decreasing relationship but rather an exponentially decreasing relationship. Also, the calculations do not reproduce and match the experimental results for the dependence electron density on working pressure at various potentials.


Article
A Correlative Study Between Haematological and Biochemical Parameters in Hepatitis B

Authors: Susan Jameel Ali
Pages: 21-29
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Hepatitis-B (HBV) is a viral disease cause liver damage, cirrhosis, fibrosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. Present study attempted to elucidate the biochemical and haematological markers other than Australia antigen, of hepatitis, B, vairusV (HBsAg) for better assessment of HBV infection. The present study was conducted on 76 men, 50 of them were found to be HBeAg positive and 26 were negative, mean age was53±5.7years. Haematological parameters such as Absolute Erythrocyte( Abs Eryt), Absolute Leukocyte (Abs Leuk), Haemoglobin (Hb), Packed Cell Volume(PCV),Mean Corpuscular Volume (MCV), Red Cell Distribution Width (RDW), Mean Corpuscular Haemoglobin (MCH), MCH Concentration (MCHC), Neutrophils (Neut), Lymphocyte (Lymph), Monocyte (Mono), Eosinophil (Eosin), Basophil (Baso), Absolut platelet (Abs.Plt), Red Blood Distribution (RBD) and biochemical markers such as Alanine aminotransferase (ALT), Aspartate aminotransferase (AST), Alkaline phosphatase (ALP), Gamma glutamyl transpeptidase (GGT), Total Bilirubin (T.Bil), Albumin (Alb), C- reactive protein (CRP), Amylase (Amy), Creatinine (Crea), Sodium (Na), Potassium (K), were estimated for HBV patients and healthy groups. Statically at (P≤ 0.05) Abs Plt was highly significant elevated, Hb, Abs Leuk, Neut%, Lymph% and Eosin% were significant increases while other haematological parameters showed no differences in HBV patients compared with controls. Liver enzymes (ALT, AST, GGT) and T. Bil were highly significant increased, Alb, CRP and Amyl were moderately increased, niether Crea, Na nor K levels have differences in HBV patients compared with controls. ALT has strong positive correlation with Leuk and with Abs Plt in HBV patients. liver enzymes ALT, AST, ALP, GGT, T. Bil and Abs Plt can be used as monitoring markers with the strong correlation between ALT and Abs Plt as an assessment tools for HBV infection.


Article
Study of the Anti-Diuretic Hormone (ADH) on End Stage Renal Failure Disease (ESRD) Pre-Hemodialysis in Iraqi Patients

Authors: Tiba A. Kh. Al-Taiee
Pages: 30-37
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Chronic renal disease (CRD) is a pathophysiologic process with multiple etiologies, resulting in the inexorable attrition of Nephron number and function and frequently leading to end-stage renal disease (ESRD). In turn, ESRD represents a clinical state or condition in which there has been an irreversible loss of endogenous renal function, of a degree sufficient to render the patient permanently dependent upon renal replacement therapy (dialysis of transplantation) in order to avoid life threatening uremia, reflecting a dysfunction of all organ systems as a result of untreated or under treated acute or chronic renal failure. The current study was involved 80 patients, the age range within 25-70 years, selected sample of patients who attend Iraqi center of kidney dialysis, Baghdad Teaching Hospital and Al-Yarmok Teaching Hospital. All the patient's body mass index [BMI] were measured serum anti diuretic hormone ADH was assessed using enzyme linked immunosorbent kit [Elisa] while urea, creatinine, albumin, hemoglobin were determined by spectrophotometer (PD-303), and sodium, potassium, chloride were determined by Electrolyte analyzer 9180.These patients were divided in two group B (40 patients) as pre dialysis with ESRD, and group A (40) healthy control. Results showed non-significant elevations in ADH levels in the patient group compared with the control group, while highly significant increase in urea, creatinine and albumin levels in in the patient group compared with the control group, also highly significant decrease in hemoglobin comparing with the control group. Also, it was observed non-significant decrease in sodium, non-significant increase in potassium and highly significant increase in chloride when comparing with the control group


Article
Effect of Metformin and Glimepiride Treatment on Some Biochemical Parameters in Diabetic Male Patients with Chronic Renal Failure

Authors: Ali Mohammed Abbed
Pages: 38-44
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Abstract

The present study was included a measurements of fasting serum glucose, total protein, potassium, and calcium levels in the sera of 25 diabetic male patients suffer from chronic renal failure; their ages range were (32-75) and compared them with 25 healthy males as control group. The aim of this study was to study the effects of antidiabetic drugs on some biochemical parameters such as fasting serum glucose, serum total protein, serum potassium and calcium. The current results demonstrated a hyperkalemia in patients and this increasing of potassium is significantly (p = 0.03), but calcium level showed no significant variations (p>0.05), and serum total protein was significantly decreased in patients as compared to the controls (p = 0.0002).


Article
Chitotriosidase-1 levels in Iraqi Type 2 Diabetic Patients with Thyroid Disorders

Authors: Mohammed Alwan Iedan
Pages: 45-50
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Abstract

Study aimed to determination of chitotriosidase-1 levels in Iraqi diabetic and diabetic patients with thyroid disorder. Also, study aimed to found relation correlation for chitotriosidase-1 with FSG, T3, T4 and TSH. Ninety subjects were including in this study, first group consisted of (30) healthy individuals who have no history of any thyroid disorders or diabetes mellitus as control group. Second group (G2) (n=30) patients with diabetic and hyperthyroidism as association disease, and third group (G3) (n=30) include patients with diabetic and hypothyroidism as association disease. Serum used in (FSG, T3, T4, TSH, and Chitotriosidase-1) determination. Results showed a significant elevation in patients’ groups (G2, G3) comparing to control group in FSG. In addition to a significant elevation in G3 compared to G2. Results, also, revealed a significant elevation in T3 and T4 levels in G2 when comparing with G1 and G3. While there is significant decrease in these parameters in G3 compared to G1 and G2. Results revealed a significant decrease in G2 in TSH levels comparing to G1and G3. While there is significant increase in TSH level in G3 compared to G1 and G2. Results revealed a significant increase in Chitotriosidase-1 levels in G2 comparing to G1and G3. Results, also, showed a significant decrease in G3 comparing to G2 and a significant increase was found in G3 comparing to G1. Conclusion could be drowning from this study that chitotriosidase-1 may be helpful in monitoring and early diagnosis of thyroid disorder in these patients.


Article
Application of Iterative Method for Solving Higher Order Integro-Differential Equations

Authors: Samaher M. Yassein
Pages: 51-61
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The main aim of this paper is to apply a new technique suggested by Temimi and Ansari namely (TAM) for solving higher order Integro-Differential Equations. These equations are commonly hard to handle analytically so it is request numerical methods to get an efficient approximate solution. Series solutions of the problem under consideration are presented by means of the Iterative Method (IM). The numerical results show that the method is effective, accurate and easy to implement rapidly convergent series to the exact solution with minimum amount of computation. The MATLAB is used as a software for the calculations.


Article
On a New Kind of Collection of Subsets Noted by

Authors: Hassan H. Ebrahim
Pages: 62-70
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The objective of this paper is, first, study a new collection of sets such as –field and we discuss the properties of this collection. Second, introduce a new concepts related to the –field such as measure on –field, outer measure on –field and we obtain some important results deals with these concepts. Third, introduce the concept of null-additive on –field as a generalization of the concept of measure on –field. Furthermore, we establish new concept related to - field noted by weakly null-additive on –field as a generalizations of the concepts of measure on and null-additive. Finally, we introduce the restriction of a set function on –field and many of its properties and characterizations are given. Keywords: –field, measure on –field, monotone measure, null-additive.


Article
Numerical Solution for Classical Optimal Control Problem Governing by Hyperbolic Partial Differential Equation via Galerkin Finite Element-Implicit method with Gradient Projection Method

Authors: Jamil A. Ali Al-Hawasy
Pages: 71-80
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This paper deals with the numerical solution of the discrete classical optimal control problem (DCOCP) governing by linear hyperbolic boundary value problem (LHBVP). The method which is used here consists of: the GFEIM " the Galerkin finite element method in space variable with the implicit finite difference method in time variable" to find the solution of the discrete state equation (DSE) and the solution of its corresponding discrete adjoint equation, where a discrete classical control (DCC) is given. The gradient projection method with either the Armijo method (GPARM) or with the optimal method (GPOSM) is used to solve the minimization problem which is obtained from the necessary condition for optimality of the DCOCP to find the DCC.An algorithm is given and a computer program is coded using the above methods to find the numerical solution of the DCOCP with step length of space variable , and step length of time variable . Illustration examples are given to explain the efficiency of these methods. The results show the methods which are used here are better than those obtained when we used the Gradient method (GM) or Frank Wolfe method (FWM) with Armijo step search method to solve the minimization problem


Article
Convergence Comparison of two Schemes for Common Fixed Points with an Application

Authors: Salwa Salman Abed
Pages: 81-92
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Some cases of common fixed point theory for classes of generalized nonexpansive maps are studied. Also, we show that the Picard-Mann scheme can be employed to approximate the unique solution of a mixed-type Volterra-Fredholm functional nonlinear integral equation.


Article
Integral Transforms of New Subclass of Meromorphic Univalent Functions Defined by Linear Operator I

Authors: Aqeel Ketab AL-khafaji
Pages: 93-102
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New class is introduced of meromorphic univalent functions with positive coefficient Σ { } defined by the integral operator in the punctured unit disc { | | }, satisfying | ( ( )) ( ( )) ( ( )) ( ( )) | . Several properties were studied like coefficient estimates, convex set and weighted mean.


Article
Approximaitly Prime Submodules and Some Related Concepts

Authors: Ali Sh. Ajeel
Pages: 103-113
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In this research note approximately prime submodules is defined as a new generalization of prime submodules of unitary modules over a commutative ring with identity. A proper submodule of an -module is called an approximaitly prime submodule of (for short app-prime submodule), if when ever , where , , implies that either or . So, an ideal of a ring is called app-prime ideal of if is an app-prime submodule of -module . Several basic properties, characterizations and examples of approximaitly prime submodules were given. Furthermore, the definition of approximaitly prime radical of submodules of modules were introduced, and some of it is properties were established.


Article
Pseudo Quasi-2-Absorbing Submodules and Some Related Concepts

Authors: Omar A. Abdulla
Pages: 114-122
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Let be a ring and let be a unitary left -module. A proper submodule of an -module is called 2-absorbing , if , where implies that either or or [ ], and a proper submodule of an -module is called quasi-prime , if , where implies that either or . This led us to introduce the concept pseudo quasi-2-absorbing submodule, as a generalization of both concepts above, where a proper submodule of an -module is called a pseudo quasi-2-absorbing submodule of , if whenever ,where implies that either or or , where is socal of an -module . Several basic properties, examples and characterizations of this concept are given. Moreover, we investigate relationships between pseudo quasi-2-absorbing submodule and other classes of submodules.


Article
New Technique for Solving Autonomous Equations

Authors: Enadi M. O.
Pages: 123-130
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This paper demonstrates a new technique based on a combined form of the new transform method with homotopy perturbation method to find the suitable accurate solution of autonomous Equations with initial condition. This technique is called the transform homotopy perturbation method (THPM). It can be used to solve the problems without resorting to the frequency domain. The implementation of the suggested method demonstrates the usefulness in finding exact solution for linear and nonlinear problems. The practical results show the efficiency and reliability of technique and easier implemented than HPM in finding exact solutions. Finally, all algorithms in this paper implemented in MATLAB version 7.12.


Article
Proposed A Permutation and Substitution Methods of Serpent Block Cipher

Authors: Intisar Abid Yousif
Pages: 131-144
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Block cipher technique is one of cryptography techniques to encrypt data block by block. The Serpent is one of AES candidates. It encrypts a 128-bit block by using 32 rounds of a similar calculation utilizing permutations and substitutions. Since the permutations and substitutions of it are static. Then this paper proposes dynamic methods for permutation, substitution and key generation based on chaotic maps to get more security. The proposed methods are analyzed and the results showed that they were able to exceed the weakness resulting from the use of static permutations and substitutions boxes in the original algorithm and also can reduce number of rounds and time usage compared with a classical Serpent block cipher algorithm.


Article
An Improved Image Compression Technique Using EZW and SPHIT Algorithms

Authors: Aqeel K. Kadhim
Pages: 145-155
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Uncompressed form of the digital images are needed a very large storage capacity amount, as a consequence requires large communication bandwidth for data transmission over the network. Image compression techniques not only minimize the image storage space but also preserve the quality of image. This paper reveal image compression technique which uses distinct image coding scheme based on wavelet transform that combined effective types of compression algorithms for further compression. EZW and SPIHT algorithms are types of significant compression techniques that obtainable for lossy image compression algorithms. The EZW coding is a worthwhile and simple efficient algorithm. SPIHT is an most powerful technique that utilize for image compression depend on the concept of coding set of wavelet coefficients as zero trees. The proposed compression algorithm that combined dual image compression techniques (DICT) invest an excellent features from each methods, which then produce promising technique for still image compression through minimize bits number that required to represent the input image, to the degree allowed without significant impact on quality of reconstructed image. The experimental results present that DICT will improve the image compression efficiency between 8 to 24%, and will result high performance of metrics values.


Article
Modeling Dynamic Background based on Linear Equation

Authors: Abdul Monem S. Rahma
Pages: 156-165
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Detection moving car in front view is difficult operation because of the dynamic background due to the movement of moving car and the complex environment that surround the car, to solve that, this paper proposed new method based on linear equation to determine the region of interest by building more effective background model to deal with dynamic background scenes. This method exploited the permitted region between cars according to traffic law to determine the region (road) that in front the moving car which the moving cars move on. The experimental results show that the proposed method can define the region that represents the lane in front of moving car successfully with precision over 94%and detection rate 86% and FoM 90%.

Table of content: volume:32 issue:2