Table of content

Al-Rafidain Dental Journal

مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان

ISSN: 18121217
Publisher: Mosul University
Faculty: Dentistry
Language: English

This journal is Open Access

About

Refereed Scientific Journal deals with fields of dental sciences
Date of first issue: 2001
No of Issues: 27 issues
publishing biannually till 2012
publishing becomes triannually at 2013

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Contact info

University of Mosul
College of Dentistry - Deanery Building
Tel. 009647481705863

e mail:

Table of content: 2003 volume:3 issue:1

Article
Management of gagging patient during intra–oral posterior region radiography

Authors: Anas A Mohammad
Pages: 1-6
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Abstract

The aim of this study is to determine the relation of gag reflex with sex of the patient and the region of the radiograph during intra–oral radiographic technique. The study also shows the difference in the management of gagger patient by the radiologist than the dental student as operator. A sample of 115 students from College of Dentistry, University of Mosul; their ages 20–26 years were examined radiographically for their wisdom teeth condition. The females show higher incidence of gag reflex than males and in the maxillary region than the mandibular one. The right side of the patient shows high percentage of gag reflex than the left side. The results also reveal that the management of the radiologist to the gagger patient (by experience and several technical and instruction steps) shows successful results in resolving the gagging problem (96.2%).


Article
Comparative antiplaque activity of propolis extract and chlorhexidine in vivo

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Abstract

This study compared the clinical efficacy of different mouthwashes [0.2% chlorhexidine gluconate (CHX), 0.5%, 1% water extract of propolis, 0.5%, 1% ethanolic extract of propolis] with distilled water in their ability to inhibit plaque accumulation. In this double blind study, 10 (8 males and 2 females) dental students volunteers aged from 20-24 years, 1120 tooth surfaces from 280 teeth were examined. Each volunteer received a final professional tooth cleansing and was instructed to stop all mechanical tooth cleaning effort for next 5 days, where the mouthwashes used 3 times daily. Plaque system index (Silness and Löe, 1964) was obtained from teeth surfaces (buccal, lingual, mesial and distal) before and after the uses of mouthwashes. The results of this study showed significant difference (p < 0.05) between 0.2% CHX, 0.5% and 1% water extract of propolis, 0.5% ethanolic extract of propolis and distilled water, but non significant difference (p > 0.05) between CHX and 1% ethanolic extract of propolis in their ability to inhibit plaque accumulation. It can be concluded that the alcoholic extract of propolis may be used as adjunct to mechanical plaque control during the maintenance phase of therapy to ensure sustained low plaque level and this may meet patient approval because it is a natural substance and devoid of industrial chemical component.


Article
Evaluation of the effects of porcelain firing cycles on the marginal fit changes of porcelain– fused–to–metal crowns constructed utilizing two different marginal designs and alloys

Authors: Maan R Zakaria --- Haidar H Jassim
Pages: 13-20
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Abstract

In this study the marginal fit changes that occurred during the porcelain firing cycles of palladium–silver alloy (Pd–Ag) and nickel–chromium alloy (Ni–Cr) coping both with shoulder and heavy chamfer facial finishing lines were investigated with light microscope. Forty copings were fabricated which were divided into four groups according to alloy type and facial finishing line, each group consisted of ten copings: Group I (Pd–Ag) alloy copings with shoulder finishing line; group II (Pd–Ag) alloy copings with heavy chamfer finishing line; group III (Ni–Cr) alloy copings with shoulder finishing line; and group IV (Ni– Cr) alloy copings with heavy chamfer finishing line. Five control metal copings (non veneered) from each group were subjected to exactly the same firing cycles without the application of porcelain. Measurements were made during five stages of crown fabrication: (1) Before degassing, (2) after degassing, (3) after opaque application, (4) after body porcelain application, and (5) after glazing. Changes in the marginal fit of the coping after the various firing stages were calculated for each coping. The statistical analysis of the results showed that the mean marginal fit changes during porcelain firing cycles of the base metal alloy copings (Ni–Cr) were significantly greater than those of noble metal alloy copings (Pd–Ag).


Article
Dental caries experience of intermediate school children in relation to educational level of their parents in Mosul City

Authors: Rayia J Al–Naimi
Pages: 21-26
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Abstract

The aim of the study was to determine the influence of educational level of parents on dental caries experience and treatment needs of intermediate school children aged 13–15 years in the center of Mosul City. A sample of 981 children were examined according to WHO guidelines using DMFT index. Results showed that there was a statistically significant age difference in dental caries, while no significant results were obtained regarding sex and educational level of head of household. The treatment needs of the children were massive with no significant difference in the type of treatment required according to age, sex and educational level of the children’s parent.


Article
The course and the branches of the greater palatine nerve on the inferior surface of the hard palate

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Abstract

The both sides of twenty seven adult human cadavers were dissected to know the course and branches of the greater palatine nerve. The results showed that the most common course (81.5%) of the nerve when it was emerged from the greater palatine nerve between the 2nd and 3rd molar teeth about 1 cm superior to the margin of the palatine gingiva; and in 75.9% cases the nerve was seen divided into large medial and small lateral branches. The bony palate examination of both sides of twenty three adult dried human skulls showed two grooves on the inferior surface of the palate, and these grooves were converted into unilateral (26.1%) and bilateral (13.2%) bony canal. The present study also noticed a unilateral spine between the grooves in 34.8% of cases and bilateral spine in 17.4% cases of the examined skulls. It is concluded that the dentist has to take these anatomical notes with consider to obtain a successful injection for greater palatine nerve block.


Article
Evaluating the effect of new denture cleaners on the surface roughness of acrylic resin denture base material (An in vitro study)

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Abstract

Three newly prepared denture cleaner solutions from materials available in our country [namely; oxalic, citric and tartaric acids dissolved in isopropyl alcohol (5% w/v)] were studied for their effect on 110 specimens of heat cure acrylic resin prepared according to ADA Specification for 7 days, 1 month, 6 months, and 12 months, compared with Steradent denture cleaner by two techniques (immersion and brushing techniques). The concentration (5% w/v) was selected according to the results of pilot study. The results of this study showed that oxalic and tartaric acids have nearly the same effect on surface roughness in relation to Steradent by immersion technique for six months, but this result was increased to show high rough surface of samples treated by citric acid for one year. Treatment with the four solutions led to reduction in weight (0.03 mg) except citric acid (0.49 mg). Statistical analysis was performed using F–test two–sample. The results revealed that there was a significant difference at levels 1% and 5% between the brushing and immersion techniques, roughness of the surfaces, and period of using each solution Changes in weight in relation to surface area were ranged between 0.01– 0.03 mg/cm2 for Steradent and oxalic acid in immersion technique, while the result was 0.05–0.23 mg/cm2 for brushing technique of the other solutions except citric acid. Oxalic acid showed complete removing of the stain within 8–10 minutes, Steradent and tartaric acid need 6–8 hours, while citric acid did not show the same result.


Article
Changes in gingiva with orthodontically banded and bonded teeth

Authors: Afrah Kh Al–Hamdany
Pages: 39-43
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Abstract

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of orthodontic bands and metal brackets on the gingival health. The sample was composed of 15 randomly selected patients (5 males and 10 females) 11 to 17 years old. All patients were treated with edgewise fixed orthodontic appliances. Bands were cemented to upper and lower first molars and rest of teeth were bonded with composite. The teeth included in the study were upper right and lower left central incisors, and upper left and lower right first molars. The plaque index, the gingival index and pocket depths were used to measure the oral hygiene of the patients during six months period of fixed orthodontic treatment. The results indicated that orthodontic bands will provoke more periodontal changes than brackets.


Article
Periodontal health care by people of Humaidat village in Ninevah

Authors: Saher S Gasgoos
Pages: 44-49
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Abstract

This study was a part of a field work carried out by the University of Mosul in Humaidat village which is located at the Tigris river about 25 km to the northern west from Mosul. The size of the sample was 213 individuals; 105 males and 108 females. Their ages were ranged between 10 – 59 years. Clinical dental examination was carried out using plaque index (Pl I), gingival index (GI) and calculus index (CI). Questionnaires were used to assess the level of dental health attitude and behaviour among the individuals. Results showed that a large percent of them do not brush their teeth (46.4%) and do not use interdental cleaning aids (87.3%). Also a large percent of them did not attend a dental treatment previously (45%), and most of dental attendances of the others were for teeth extraction and due to pain. Clinical examination showed that the mean scores for plaque, gingival and calculus indices were high (1.16, 1.22 and 0.54 respectively) and increased by increasing age.


Article
Assessment of transient bacteremia following various oral and dental interventions

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Abstract

The incidence of bacteremia following various dental interventions of 280 selected patients were studied using blood culture technique with aerobic and anaerobic cultivation. The incidence of bacteremia after multiple teeth extraction was higher (51.72%) than those single tooth extraction (44%). The incidence of bacteremia after local anaesthetic injection differs according to the type of injections significantly. In scaling and root planning the use of local prophylactic solution reduced the incidence of bacteremia from 37.7% to 13.9%. Poor oral hygiene had an effect on incidence of bacteremia at different dental interventions. The role of sex and age in bacteremia was variable. Aerobic bacteria were more than anaerobic and the most common bacteria isolated were Streptococcus viridans (30.5%) and Staphylococcus aureus (19.7%).


Article
A comparative study in dental caries prevalence and treatment needs of pregnant women and single females in Mosul City, Iraq

Authors: Tarik Y Khamrco --- Khawla M Saleh
Pages: 57-64
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Abstract

An epidemiological study was carried out to compare the prevalence of dental caries and treatment need of pregnant women and single females in Mosul City, Iraq. A total sample of 666 women (399 pregnant women and 267 single females) selected randomly. Pregnant women were selected from four health care centers, when attending to periodic maternal check up with different stages of pregnancy in Maternal and Child Health Care Center. Single females were selected randomly as control group to compare with pregnant group from health centers. Each group subdivided into 4 subgroups according to the age. Caries experience and the treatment need were diagnosed and recorded according to the criteria suggested by WHO (1997). The results showed a significant difference in the mean Decayed, Missing and Filled Surfaces (DMFS) between pregnant and single females, and the prevalence of dental caries increase with advanced age. The mean DMFS value for pregnant women is 28.78 and for single females 19.09. The study demonstrated that the decay surface component was formed more than the half of DMFS value. Educational programmes to pregnant women through medical and dental centers as well as mass media are suggested to increase the dental awareness and preventive behaviour.


Article
Microleakage of fluoride containing propolis varnish

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Abstract

Dental cavity varnishes used to coat the freshly cut tooth structure to reduce microleakage and post-operative hypersensitivity. Dental cavity varnishes are prepared from natural gum or synthetic resin dissolved in a volatile organic solvent. The aim of this study is preparation of the fluoridated cavity varnish from propolis. Propolis is a natural gum used by bees to seal their honeycombs, it is available, cheep material in Iraq. The effectiveness of the propolis varnish in reducing the microleakage under amalgam restoration was evaluated by microleakage test by which microleakage tested by penetration of methylene blue dye and examined microscopically. The data was analyzed statistically with ANOVA and Duncan’s Multiple Range Test. The results of this study showed that the fluoridated propolis varnish has a good quality and it is highly effective in reducing the microleakage under amalgam restoration.


Article
Pathogenic effect of Entamoeba gingivalis on gingival tissues of rats

Authors: Wisam M Al–Saeed
Pages: 70-73
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Abstract

Entamoeba gingivalis was isolated from patients suffering of periodontal problem cultured on a special culture, a suspension of the parasite made and spreaded on the gingival margins of three groups of rats: The first group gives immunosuppressive drugs (prednisolone acetate), while not given to the other two groups. Results show the rat’s gingival tissues of the 1st group became red and swollen within 2 days while a mild inflammation occurs at the gingival tissue of the 2nd group and no lesion or inflammatory process occurs to the third group (control). This experiment revealed that Entamoeba gingivalis may become pathogenic in immunocompromised indi-viduals.


Article
Cross arch and antero–posterior dimensional changes of impressions and stone casts at different storage times

Authors: Sawsan H Al–Jubori
Pages: 74-81
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Abstract

The aim of study is to evaluate the linear dimensional changes (cross arch, antero–posterior dimensions) of impressions and die stone casts of two brands of addition silicone impression materials (Express and President) for special master model using two–steps (putty–wash) technique, at different storage times before pouring of impression, by using of three dimensional measuring machine and to compare between the accuracy of the two brands of impression materials. The results indicated that a significant difference between the interabutment distances of impression and die stone casts. The Express impression materials produce the most accurate results. There is slightly increase in interabutment distances of stone casts. At one hour storage time there are the smallest dimensional changes of impressions and stone casts in relation to construction of complete–arch fixed partial denture.

Table of content: volume:3 issue:1