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Validity and Reliability of Full Cup Test in Pain Evaluation after Dental Surgery: A Comparison with Four Pain-Rating Scales in a Sample of Iraqi Patients

Authors: Huda A. Othman --- Omar S. Al-Nuaime --- Abdurrahman A. Al-Samman
Journal: Journal of Oral and Dental Research مجلة طب الفم والاسنان ISSN: 23106417 Year: 2016 Volume: 3 Issue: 1 Pages: 2-7
Publisher: Iraqi Association for Oral Research الجمعية العراقية لبحوث طب الفم


Objectives: Pain assessment by clinicians can be difficult as it is subjective and depends on the patient›s self-report.The aims of this study were to evaluate the validity and reliability of a pain-rating scale; the full cup test (FCT), and tocompare its performance to other scales in assessing pain following dental surgery. The ease of using these pain scaleswere compared.Study design: Forty-three patients who have had different dental surgeries were included. All patients asked to completefive pain scales: Faces pain scale, numeric rating scale, visual analog scale, verbal rating scale, and FCT for sevenconsecutive days starting on the day of the surgery. The analysis of variance (One-way ANOVA test), correlation betweendifferent scales (Pearson correlation), and reliability (Cronbach alpha) of FCT were evaluated.Results: The scales correlated highly with each other (P < 0.001). The FCT was highly reliable (Cronbach›s Alpha=.970) and was found to be the easiest scale to use.Conclusion: The FCT is valid, reliable and relatively easy to use pain scale in this group of patients. It can be used toassess pain intensity interchangeably with other pain rating scales.

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