research centers


Search results: Found 2

Listing 1 - 2 of 2
Sort by

Article
Repairing of Reactive Powder Concrete T-Beams Containing Web Opening by CFRP Strips
اصلاح عتبات خرسانة المساحيق الفعالة ذات المقطع T الحاوية على فتحات في منطقة الجذع بشرائخ االلياف

Authors: Mazin B. Abdulrahman --- Husham Mohammed Rashid
Journal: Tikrit Journal of Engineering Sciences مجلة تكريت للعلوم الهندسية ISSN: 1813162X 23127589 Year: 2019 Volume: 26 Issue: 1 Pages: 9-19
Publisher: Tikrit University جامعة تكريت

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

In modern buildings, transverse openings are often used beams for the purpose of supplying and service pipes. Due to the presence of the openings in the concrete beams lead to the formation of cracks around the openings due to the stresses concentration in a small area above and below of the opening. The repairing, maintenance, and upgrading of structural members, are maybe one of the most pivotal problems in civil engineering applications. In this research, an experimental work is conducted to study the behavior of the reinforced RPC T-beams that containing openings and repair this beams using CFRP strips. The Experimental program of the present study includes two parts, the first part includes testing of seven reinforced reactive powder concrete RPC T-beams, which casted and tested, one beam is without opening as a reference beam and the rest, were provided with an opening. and these beams are divided into two groups. The first group was used to study the effect of the openings shape (circular and square) and the second group was used to study the effect of the openings locations, which consists three locations (Lc/2, Lc/3 and Lc/4). These are measured from the support center to the openings center. While the second part including a repaired all beams in the first part the using carbon fiber polymer. The test results indicated that the presence of openings in the beams web caused a reduction in the reinforced RPC T-beams ultimate load carrying capacity with about (10-55)%, Also lead to increasing in deflection compared to control beam before repairing at same loading. Studying the shape effect showed that the beams with square openings have average ultimate load carrying capacity lower by 36% compared with the control beams. While beams with containing circular openings have average ultimate load carrying capacity lower 29%. From the test results, it could be concluded that the presence of the openings in the shear region led to a decrease in ultimate load carrying capacity a about 38% to 49% for opening of opening at (Lc/3 and Lc/4) respectively. While the presence of openings in the flexural region led to a decrease in the ultimate load carrying capacity rate of 11%. Related to the repairing study part it was found that the average ultimate load carrying capacity for repairing beams was 103% compared with the not repairedbeams.


Article
Flexural behavior of beams reinforced by GFRP bars with CFRP sheets immersed in epoxy as shear

Authors: Maadh G. Alkubaisi --- Abdulkader.I Alhadithy --- Akram S. Mahmoud
Journal: Iraqi Journal of Civil Engineering المجلة العراقية للهندسة المدنية ISSN: 19927428 Year: 2019 Volume: 13 Issue: 1 Pages: 1-8
Publisher: University of Anbar جامعة الانبار

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Corrosion in steel bars is considered a big problem because corrosion is mainly responsible of decrease virtual age of structures and many risks indicated by deterioration. In addition, corrosion increases the cost of maintenance, particularly structures exposed to harsh environmental condition. FRP bars (Fiber Reinforced Polymer) became an alternative material from traditional steel bars. FRP had properties made it used in civil engineering sectors which are lightweight, non-corrosive, non-conductive made it a preferred alternative from steel bars in aggressive environments. FRP bars don’t have yield made it con not bind outside its linear behavior to make ties, because of the brittle behavior of FRP bars up to failure. So that, the new innovative manner by using CFRP sheets stirrups immerged by sikadur330 for produce beams can resist the harsh condition and purely reinforced with FRP in a new manner can provide stirrups in full different sizes and with lower cost. Twelve beams reinforced with GFRP bars in three different ratios of tension reinforcement (four beams for each ratio). Three control beams with steel stirrups: two beams were designed to fail in shear. Whilst, the residual nine beams with shear reinforcement made from CFRP sheets strips, immerged by sikadur330. The main variable were studied is the change in type and amount of secondary reinforcement and change in amount of primary reinforcement. The test was conduct under four point loading and in simply supported conditions. The result of tested beams illustrated that, beams had a higher percentage of tension reinforcement and shear reinforcement displayed an increasing in ultimate load about 38.1% from related control beam. While, an equivalent amount of shear reinforcement displayed an increasing in carrying load capacity up to 10%. In maximum ratio of CFRP sheets immerged by sikadur330 stirrups convert failure mode from shear to flexural indicated by crushing in cover of concrete. In addition, increased energy absorption, changed cracks orientation, increased energy absorption, decrease principal strain and increased concrete tensile.

Listing 1 - 2 of 2
Sort by
Narrow your search

Resource type

article (2)


Language

English (2)


Year
From To Submit

2019 (2)