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Article
Studying The Bonding Mechanismand Microstructure for Arc Welding of Dissimiler Steel to Copper
البنیة المجھریة وآلیة الربط لملحومات القوس الكھربائي غیر المتماثلة فولاذ الى النحاس

Author: عبد الله عذيب مشاري
Journal: University of Thi-Qar Journal for Engineering Sciences مجلة جامعة ذي قار للعلوم الهندسية ISSN: 26645564/26645572 Year: 2011 Volume: 2 Issue: 1 Pages: 1-15
Publisher: Thi-Qar University جامعة ذي قار

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Abstract

The aim of this work is to study thebonding mechanism and the microstructure of copper to steel welded by shielded metal arc welding (SMAW). The electrodes that used are ECuSi and ECuSn8thenthe examination of microstructure by optical microscopic, it is clearlyobserved that the copper side are completely interfering with epitaxial growth when using ECuSn8 but the side of steel reveal interaction waves at the interface with nonepitaxial growth. Some of fine cracks observed at the interface with ECuSi. The use of ECuSn8 explaininterfering fine blockes from the steel inside the fusion zone.


Article
Essential Hypertension in a 17 Years Old Girl: APossible Correlate withLow Birth Weight and Growth Parameters

Journal: Al-Kindy College Medical Journal مجلة كلية الطب الكندي ISSN: 18109543 Year: 2006 Volume: 3 Issue: 1 Pages: 75-77
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

We enclose a case of essential hypertension in a 17
years old girl presented for the first time with
hypertensive encephalopathy. Various hematological,
biochemicals, hormonal and imaging studies failed to
explore underlying etiology. A possible correlate of
low birth weight and growth parameters with early
onset of essential hypertension was postulated.
Keywords: Hypertension, birth weight, growth

Keywords

hypertention --- birth weight --- growth


Article
Synthesis and study effects of 3,4-Dihydro-4-(p-anisyl)-6-phenyl pyrimidine-2(1H)-one on growth and morphology of Leishmania tropica promastigotes in vitro
بناء ودراسة تأثيرات المركب 3 ، 4- داي هايدرو-4-( بارا- أنيسايل )-6-فينيل بايريميدين-2 (1 H )- 1 على نمو وشكل أمامي السوط لطفيلي اللشمانيا الاستوائية Leishmania tropica في الزجاج

Author: Haitham L. Al-Hayali1 هيثم لقمان الحيالي
Journal: Tikrit Journal of Pure Science مجلة تكريت للعلوم الصرفة ISSN: 18131662 Year: 2008 Volume: 13 Issue: 3 Pages: 90-99
Publisher: Tikrit University جامعة تكريت

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Abstract

Most of the drugs used in the treatment of leishmaniasis have side effects, there is a need for a safe and effective drugs, therefore, in the present study heterocyclic compound containing pyrimidine ring ( 3,4-Dihydro-4-(p-anisyl)-6-phenyl pyramidine-2-(1H)-one ) was synthesized, then tested for there antileishmanial activity against Leishmania tropica promastigotes in vitro. The effect of the compound on the growth, generation number and generation time of the parasite was determined using concentrations ranging from 1 to 10 µg/ml.The effect of the compound concentration was found to be important to the parasite growth as the more the concentration the less the growth, generation number and increased the generation time. At the log phase the IC50 and IC90 were 2.5 and 10 µg/ml respectively and caused morphological distortions.The toxicity of the synthesized compound was determined using Balb/c mice model. Dixon's up and down method ( 1980 ) was found to have an LD50 of 642.5 mg / Kg of body weight.

أغلب الأدوية المستخدمة في معالجة داء اللشمانيا لها تأثيرات جانبية لذلك بات من الضروري وجود علاج آمن وفعال ضد هذا المرض ، في البحث الحالي تم تصنيع مركب يحوي على حلقة البريميدين ( 3 ، 4– داي هايدرو–4–(بارا–انيسايل )–6– فينايل بايريميدين–2–( 1H )– واحد ) ومن ثم اختباره وملاحظة فعاليته على نمو اللشمانيا الجلدية Leishmania tropica. تضمنت الدراسة تأثير المركب على النمو وعدد الجيل وزمن الجيل فضلاً عن المظهر الخارجي وأبعاد هذه الطفيليات إذ استخدمت تراكيز تراوحت ما بين 1 – 10 مايكروغرام / مل. أظهرت النتائج بأن هناك تأثير واضح على نمو الطفيليات إذ كلما زاد التركيز قل النمو وكذلك عدد الجيل فضلاً عن زيادة زمن الجيل ، وقد أظهرت النتائج بأن التركيز الذي يقتل 50% من الطفيليات IC50 هو 2.5 مايكروغرام / مل وأن التركيز القاتل لـ 90% من الطفيليات IC90 هو 10 مايكروغرام / مل عند الطور اللوغاريتمي من النمو والذي أدى إلى حدوث تغييرات واضحة في المظهر الخارجي. كذلك اختبرت سمية المركب المصنع باستخدام الفئران من نوع Balb/c بطريقة دكسون ( 1980 ) وقد ظهر بأن التركيز الذي يقتل 50% من الفئران هو 642.5 ملي غرام / كغم من وزن الجسم.


Article
Growth Delay in Steroid Sensitive Nephrotic Patients

Authors: Salim Zyara Abdullah --- Faris Matti Frankul --- Asaad Abdullah Abbas --- Shatha Hussein Ali --- et al.
Journal: Iraqi Academic Scientific Journal المجلة العراقية للاختصاصات الطبية ISSN: 16088360 Year: 2007 Volume: 6 Issue: 2 Pages: 129-135
Publisher: The Iraqi Borad for Medical Specialization المجلس العراقي للاختصاصات الطبية

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Abstract

ABSTRACT:BACKGROUND:Growth in patients with idiopathic nephrotic syndrome (INS) is influenced by several factors, they suffer the influence of the disease itself as long as there is proteinuria, caused by the increase of the glomerular permeability and leading to hypoproteinemia. The effects of the glucocorticoid treatment, which alters growth by a direct action on the growth cartilage, or via disturbances of growth factors. In this study we assess the effect of nephrotic syndrome, it's relapse rate and it's treatment (i.e. steroid), in the statural growth of steroid sensitive nephrotic patients.METHODS:A Prospective study of 110 steroid responsive nephrotic patients collected from AL- Kadhemia Teaching Hospital, Central Child Teaching Hospital, Child Wellfaire Teaching Hospital & AL-Karama Teaching Hospital. The study started from first of June 2005 to first of June 2006. Data collected as following: age, sex, date of first diagnosis, duration of disease, number of relapses per year, measurement of the height, weight and body mass index and sign of steroid toxicity.RESULTS:Total number of our patients were 110, 74(67.3%) were males and 36(32.7%) were females, with male to female ratio of 2:1. The age of our patients range from 2-18 years with a mean of 7.9+3.8 years.Thirty-one (28.2%) of them were with height below 3rd percentile for their age, 24(77.4%) were males and 7(22.6%) were females.Twenty- five (22.7%) patients were at pubertal age. Eighteen (72%) were males and 7(28%) were females, and 17(68%) of them have height below 3rd percentile.Seventy –six (69%) patients have their onset of the disease at age between 2 and 6 years. Forty-six (41.8%) of patients have disease duration of less than 3 years, 3 (6.5%) of them were have height below 3rd percentile, 46(41.8%) with duration of 3-6years, 14(30.4%) them were have height below 3rd percentile and 18(16.4%) with duration of more than 6 years, 14(77.8%) of them have height below 3rd percentile.Fifty-five (50%) patients had frequent relapses, twenty-seven (49.1%) of them have height below 3rd percentile, compared to 4(7.3%) of those with infrequent relapse had height below 3rd percentile.Forty-seven (42.7%) patients show sign of steroid toxicity(cushigoid facial appearance with or with out hypertention,obesity,hirsutism..etc) 25(53.2%) of them have height below 3rd percentile, compared to 6(9.5%) of those who have no sign of toxicity.CONCLUSSION:Nephrotic syndrome is a potentially chronic disease with patients suffering a relapsing course and being at risk of frequent courses of prednisolone therapy with increase the risk of growth delay especially in patients reaching pubertal age and still taking steroid therapy.

Keywords

Growth Delay --- Steroid --- Nephrotic.


Article
Growth Status of a Sample of Children with Cerebral Palsy
حالة النمو عند عينه من الأطفال المصابين بالشلل الدماغي

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Abstract

AbstractBackground: Children with cerebral palsy are frequently associated with poor growth mainly due to inadequate nutritional intake resulting from feeding difficulties. The majority of the studies on growth status of children with cerebral palsy had been performed in western countries.Objectives: To evaluate growth status of a sample of children with cerebral palsy.Methods: A descriptive cross sectional study on 92 Iraqi children with cerebral palsy (52 males and 40 females). All the care givers were interviewed and anthropometric measurements of children were performed.Results: Mean age was 2.8±1.66 years with 17.4% of children were infants, 67.4% were less than 5 years of age, and 15.2% were 5 years and more. The percentage of weight for age, height for age, and weight for height z-scores under -2SD were 32.6%, 34.78%, and 11.95% respectively, and they were all higher among children of the older age group 5 years and more. Microcephally was present in 36.95% of cases, and macrocephally in 3.26% of cases. Conclusion: The study showed that the children with cerebral palsy suffer from growth retardation.Key words: Growth status, cerebral palsy

الملخص:المقدمة: لقد اثبتت الدراسات السابقة وخصوصا في البلدان الغربية ان الاطفال المصابين بالشلل الدماغي عادة ما يعانون من ضعف النمو والسبب الرئيسي في ذلك هو التغذية الغير كافية والناتجة عن صعوبة التغذية لدى هؤلاء الاطفالالهدف من الدراسة: لتقييم حالة النمو عند عينه من الأطفال العراقيين المصابين بالشلل الدماغي.الطريقة: دراسة وصفية ل اثنتان وتسعون حالة شلل دماغي (٥٢ ذكور,٤٠ إناث), ومتوسط العمر 2٫8±1٫66 سنه وبفئات عمرية ١٧٫٤٪ لدون السنة, ٦٧٫٤٪ لدون الخمس سنوات, ١٥٫٢٪ لمن هم بعمر خمس سنوات وأكثر. تم جمع المعلومات بالمقابلة الشخصية مع مرافقة الطفل (الأم), وتم قياس الوزن, الطول, ومحيط الرأس لجميع الأطفال.النتائج: أظهرت النتائج إن أوزان ٣٢٫٦٪ وأطوال ٣٤٫٧٨٪ هي دون الطبيعي لأعمارهم. وعند مقارنة الوزن بالطول فأن ١١٫٩٥٪ منهم كان دون الطبيعي وان محيط الرأس عند ٣٦٫٩٥٪ من الحالات كان دون الطبيعي, وفي ٣٫٢٦٪ فقط من الحالات كان أكثر من الطبيعي. الاستنتاج: يستنتج من الدراسة إن الأطفال المصابين بالشلل الدماغي يعانون من تأخر في النمو والذي يحتاج الى اهتمام غذائي وطبي .


Article
Effect of Human Growth Hormone (HGH) on Children with Achondroplasia (ACH)
تأثير هورمون النمو على الاطفال المصابين بمرض الودانة

Authors: A. G. Al-Rawi د. عبد الغني الراوي --- Mona Abdulghani د. منى عبد الغني الراوي
Journal: IRAQI JOURNALOF COMMUNITY MEDICINE المجلة العراقية لطب المجتمع ISSN: 16845382 Year: 2006 Volume: 19 Issue: 2 Pages: 151-157
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

Abstract:Back ground: This study, we evaluate the effectiveness of using recombinant GH for ten Achondroplastic children.Patient & method: the children. (7 females, 3 males) with typical features of achondroplasia, 4-14 years age, participated in this study. Physical and anthropometric measurements were taken every 3 moths, 12 months before and 12 months during GH therapy.Results: for children less than 10 year of age, the mean growth rate is increased from 3.4±0.4cm/year in the pretreatment period to 8±1.1 cm/year during the first year of GH treatment. For children more than 10 years of age, the mean growth rate is increased from 3.2± 0.6 cm/year in the pretreatment period to 5.6± 1.3 cm/year during the first year of GH treatment.Conclusion: this study and several other studies confirmed that GH therapy is beneficial in the treatment of short stature in children with Achondroplasia (during the first year of treatment), how ever, is still premature to conclude that the GH will improve the adult height.Key words: Growth hormone & achondroplasia

الملخص: هدف البحث : في هذه الدراسة تم تقييم استعمال هرمون النمو على عشرة اطفال مصابين بمرض الودانة.المرض وطريقة البحث: اشترك في هذا البحث عشرة اطفال ( 7 بنات وثلاثة اولاد) يحملون صفات الودانة النمطي. اعمارهم تتراوح بين (4-14) سنة.الفحص والقياسات البشرية: القياسات البشرية والفحص اجريت كل ثلاثة اشهر. اثنا عشر شهرا قبل واثناء عشر شهرا اثناء اعطاء العلاج.النتائج: ارتفع معدل النمو في الاطفال دون سن العشر سنوات من 3,4 سم في السنة في الفترة قبل مباشرة العلاج هلى 8سم في السنة خلال فترة العلاج.بينما ارتفع معدجل النمو في الاطفال بعد سن (10 سنوات ) من 3,2 سم / السنة في الفترة قبل العلاج الى 5,6 سم في السنة خلال فترة العلاج.الاستنتاج: هذا البحث وبحوث عديدة اخرى تؤكد ان علاج الاطفال المصابين بمرض الودانة بهرمون النمو ذو فائدة في السنة الاولى من بدأ العلاج ولكن لانستطيع التأكد بصورة قطعية عن فائدته عند البلوغ.


Article
Growth Assessment in Asthmatic Patients

Authors: Jinan Soaod Oraiby --- Haider Talib Hussain --- Asaad Abdullah Abbas --- Maher Mohammed Hassan
Journal: Iraqi Academic Scientific Journal المجلة العراقية للاختصاصات الطبية ISSN: 16088360 Year: 2013 Volume: 12 Issue: 3 Pages: 376-382
Publisher: The Iraqi Borad for Medical Specialization المجلس العراقي للاختصاصات الطبية

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Abstract

BSTRACT: BACKGROUND:Asthma is a chronic disease &the chronic disease states regardless etiology can cause growth failure ininfant &toddler. OBJECTIVE :To assess growth of asthmatic patients PATIENT AND METHODS: One hundred asthmatic children between (5-15 years) of age . Both asthmatic & control group studied in term of height, weight & Skin fold thickness, all anthropometric measurements of height, weight &skinfold thickness measured for both groups.RESULT: Height, weight &skin fold thickness were significantly retarded in asthmatic, the more severe thedisease &longer duration the more retardation in the height & weight.The height was affected more than the weight by the disease duration & severity .The diminution in skinfold thickness was retarded both with increase disease duration & severity but the female was lessretarded than male as the disease duration prolonged.CONCLUSION: All growth parameter (height, weight, SFT) affected by asthma (duration & severity), so the growthparameters can be used in asthmatic children to evaluate the effect of treatment


Article
Effect of Some Synthesized Pyrrolidines in Growth of L. infantum Promastigotes
تأثير عدد من مركبات البايروليدين Pyrrolidines المشيدة في نمو بروماستكوت اللشمانيا الأحشائية L. infantum

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Abstract

In this research, three pyrrolidine compounds (P1-P3) were synthesized and then tested for efficacy against L. infantum promastigotes in vitro.The study included preparation of some chalcones and schiff bases then the condensation of both to get the pyrrolidines and studying the effect of pyrrolidine compounds in growth, generation number and time of parasites. They determined using concentrations between (5-30) μg/ml. The effect of the compounds was found to be important to the parasite growth as the more the concentration the less the growth, generation number and increased the generation time. At the logarithmic phase, the LD50 were (10), (20) and (30)μg/ml for (P1-P3) compounds, respectively.

في بحثنا هذا تم تصنيع ثلاث مركبات من البايروليدين (P1-P3) ومن ثم اختبارها وملاحظة فعاليتها ضد بروماستكوت اللشمانيا الأحشائيةL. infantum خارج الجسم الحي.تضمنت الدراسة تحضير بعض الجالكونات مع قواعد شيف وشيدت مركبات البايروليدين من تكثيف الجالكونات مع قواعد شيف ثم اختبرت فعالية المركبات الناتجة على نمو وعدد وزمن الجيل إذ استخدمت تراكيز تراوحت ما بين (5-30) مايكرو غرام / مل وأظهرت النتائج بأن هنالك تأثير واضح على نمو الطفيليات إذ كلما زاد التركيز قل النمو وكذلك عدد الجيل فضلاً عن زيادة زمن الجيل. وتبين النتائج بان التركيز الذي يقتل 50% من الطفيليات LD50 هو (10) و (20) و (30) مايكرو غرام / مل للمركبات (P1-P3) على التوالي عند الطور اللوغاريتمي من النمو.

Keywords

Pyrrolidines --- Leishmania --- Growth.


Article
Maternal–Placental Growth Factor and the Identification of Fetuses with Placental Intrauterine Growth Restriction

Authors: Henan Dh Skheel Al Jebory --- Asmaa Zubaid Alazzawy
Journal: Mustansiriya Medical Journal مجلة المستنصرية الطبية ISSN: 20701128 22274081 Year: 2018 Volume: 17 Issue: 1 Pages: 36-41
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

Objective: This study was designed to discriminate between fetal growth restriction that is placentally mediated and constitutionally smallfetuses depending on the measurement of placental growth factor (PlGF) in the maternal circulation. Study Design: This was a prospectivecase–control study. Settings: This study was conducted at the Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics at Al‑Yarmouk Teaching Hospital.Patients and Methods: The study included 100 cases (11 placental intrauterine growth restriction [IUGR] and 89 constitutionally small)with singleton pregnancies. Serum PlGF was measured by ELISA technique. Concentration less than the 5th percentile for normal pregnancywas considered a positive PlGF test. Results: A positive PlGF test was found in 10 out of the 11 placental growth restriction cases and in4 out of the 89 constitutionally small fetuses. PlGF can differentiate between IUGR due to placental dysfunction from constitutionally smallfetuses with 90.1% sensitivity and 95.5% specificity. Conclusion: PlGF may serve as a promising tool to identify placental IUGR antenatally

Keywords

Fetus --- growth --- placenta


Article
Study of growth retardation among patients with thalassemia major: correlation to iron overload

Author: Hulal Saleh Sahib
Journal: Muthanna Medical Journal مجلة المثنى الطبية ISSN: 2226146x Year: 2018 Volume: 5 Issue: 2 Pages: 77-85
Publisher: Al-Muthanna University جامعة المثنى

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Abstract

Thalassemia is an autosomal recessive blood disorder which has a life-long implication in both patients and their families. This study was performed at Al-Diwaniya maternity and children teaching hospital from the 1st of October 2016 to the 1st of January 2017. The total number of patients involved in our study were one-hundred three, all of them were diagnosed with ß – thalassemia major, were subjected to frequent blood transfusion and were on chelating agent. Both patients groups were evaluated with full history (age, gender, time of diagnosis, the rate of transfusion per year, the type and dose of the chelating agent), and were examined for their weight, height and BMI, serum ferritin was also performed for all of them. There was a significant difference in mean age and height of patients on desferal and those on exjade. The rate of transfusion was significantly greater in the group of patients treated with desferal. Serum ferritin was significantly higher in patients treated with desferal than patients treated with exjade. There was a significant correlation between gender of patients and serum ferritin in the group of patients treated with desferal, also there was a significant negative correlation between the dose of the drug and serum ferritin in those treated with exjade.

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