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مقالة
عين تمر دراسة توثيقية للموارد الطبيعية وسبل حمايتها

المؤلفون: ندى خليفة محمد علي --- اريج محي عبد الوهاب
ﺎﻠﻤﺠﻟﺓ: Journal of the planner and development مجلة المخطط والتنمية ISSN: 1996983X السنة: 2010 الاصدار: 22 الصفحات: 21-50
الجامعة: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد - جامعة بغداد

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الخلاصة

المستخلصلايخلو أي بلد في العالم من وجود تراث عمراني عريق على ارضه ، يمثل نتاج الحضارات التي تركتها عهود سابقة مرت عليه ، ويمثل مسيرة تطور الحياة الحضرية ومانالتها من اهتمام اهلها في ميدان البناء والتعمير . وقد يبدو التراث العمراني ومايتصل به من الفنون تراثا ماديا للوهلة الاولى ، لكنه لايخلو من الجانب الروحي ولذا فان الامم في مختلف بقاع الارض تعتز به وتحرص عليه كل الحرص ، لانه يمتزج بتاريخها وذكرياتها وعواطفها .يناقش هذا البحث موضوع استعمال مواد البيئة المحلية في انتاج الوحدات المكونة للنسيج الحضري ، كما يستعرض عددا من المفاهيم التي تعرف ماهية التراث العمراني التقليدي اضافة إلى استعرض تجربة المعماري المصري حسن فتحي في استخدام مواد البيئة المحلية في تجربته المشهورة في قرية القرنة باعتبار هذه التجربة واحدة من اشهر التجارب العالمية في هذا المجال .

الكلمات المفتاحية


مقالة
Evaluation of TheTransportation plan Sustainability Plan in The Holy City of Karbala
تقييم استدامة خطة النقل في مدينة كربلاء المقدسة

المؤلفون: Asst .Lecturer. Areej Muhy Abdul-Wahad م. م. اريج محي عبد الوهاب --- Asst. Prof. Dr. Basil Khalaf Ahmad أ. م. د. باسل خلف احمد
ﺎﻠﻤﺠﻟﺓ: KARBALĀʾ HERITAGE Quarterly Authorized Journal Specialized in Karbalāʾ Heritage مجلة تراث كربلاء ISSN: 23125489 24103292 السنة: 2015 المجلد: 2 الاصدار: ع2 -ج1 الصفحات: 185-264
الجامعة: Shiite Endowment ديوان الوقف الشيعي - ديوان الوقف الشيعي

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الخلاصة

AbstractThe research studied the sustainability concept and its activationin the process of the planning of the decision making regarding withthe transportation and the basic principles to prepare sustainabletransportation plans for cities in order to analyze the complicatedproblems including the problem of using the classical methods intransportation planning in the cities in general and the sacred cities inparticular. These holy cities neglected the inclusion of environmental,economic and social impact in preparing transportation planstogether with studying the methods of evaluating the sustainabilityof transportation plans proposals and their application in thetransportation project of the holy city of Karbala in order to evaluatethis plan and show its shortages and manipulate them to make theplan become sustainable.The practical frame of the research involves the review of thetransportation plan of the sacred city of Karbala, which includes fiveproposals of transportation planning to the target year 2030, andapplying the stages of examining the sustainability of the plan by usingthe strategic environment assessment method through the applicationof compatibility matrix analysis and identifying the sustainable andunsustainable aspects in those proposals, and consequently reachingthe results of the evaluation which show that the transportation planof the holy city of Karbala is suffering from many shortcoming in themethodology of the plan preparation according to the sustainabletransportation plan preparation stages, and neglect many factorswhich have important impacts on the sustainability of the plan in thelong term and therefore it is closer to be a classical transportation planin a sacred city than a sustainable transportation plan.

الملخ

الكلمات المفتاحية

Abstract The research studied the sustainability concept and its activation in the process of the planning of the decision making regarding with the transportation and the basic principles to prepare sustainable transportation plans for cities in order to analyze the complicated problems including the problem of using the classical methods in transportation planning in the cities in general and the sacred cities in particular. These holy cities neglected the inclusion of environmental --- economic and social impact in preparing transportation plans together with studying the methods of evaluating the sustainability of transportation plans proposals and their application in the transportation project of the holy city of Karbala in order to evaluate this plan and show its shortages and manipulate them to make the plan become sustainable. The practical frame of the research involves the review of the transportation plan of the sacred city of Karbala --- which includes five proposals of transportation planning to the target year 2030 --- and applying the stages of examining the sustainability of the plan by using the strategic environment assessment method through the application of compatibility matrix analysis and identifying the sustainable and unsustainable aspects in those proposals --- and consequently reaching the results of the evaluation which show that the transportation plan of the holy city of Karbala is suffering from many shortcoming in the methodology of the plan preparation according to the sustainable transportation plan preparation stages --- and neglect many factors which have important impacts on the sustainability of the plan in the long term and therefore it is closer to be a classical transportation plan in a sacred city than a sustainable transportation plan. --- الملخ

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