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Article
Culture of Second Language: Teaching and Learning

Author: dunia taher دنيا طاهر
Journal: JOURNAL OF HISTORICAL & CULTURAL STUDIES an academic magazin مجلة الدراسات التاريخية والحضارية ISSN: 20231116 Year: 2010 Volume: 2 Issue: 5 Pages: 224-252
Publisher: Tikrit University جامعة تكريت

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Abstract

This paper is concerned with the contribution and integration of culture in the second or foreign language education. Some consideration will be given to why and how to teach culture. In addition, an attempt will be made to incorporate culture into the classroom by means of considering some techniques and methods currently used. The main hypothesis of the paper is that effective communication is more than a matter of language proficiency, but successful communication hardly ever takes place unless second language users have obtained a kind of cultural competency of the language they use. The researcher mentions the concept of second language with their approaches, the teachers and the learners role.


Article
Irak Çağdaş Türkmen Şiirinde Renk

Author: Adbulazeez M. Salman عبد العزيز محسن سلمان
Journal: JOURNAL OF HISTORICAL & CULTURAL STUDIES an academic magazin مجلة الدراسات التاريخية والحضارية ISSN: 20231116 Year: 2010 Volume: 2 Issue: 5 Pages: 307-370
Publisher: Tikrit University جامعة تكريت

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Abstract

Renkler insanların yaşamında vangeçilmez ögelerden birdir. İlk çağlardan beri insanların yaşadıkları değeşik çevreler çeşitli renkler süslenmiştir.Insanların yaşadıklar dünya her an her mevsim renkler dolu, tanın aydınlığı safiliğı, gecenin karanlığı mehtapları, güneşin doğuşunda görülen o altın renkli teller, gün batımında kırmızı, turuncu sarı tonlarından oluşan gökyüzü, uzayın denizlerin o güzel maviliği, ilk baharda ormanların muhteşem yeşilliği, son baharda ağaçların güzel sarılışı... tüm bu renkler. İnsanı kucaklyan doğayı şahane bir tabloya çevirmiştir.İnsanlar ömür boyonca renkler iç içe yaşamaları, renkler insanlar üzerinde psikolojık bir etki yaratmasına neden


Article
Neologism as a Linguistic Phenomenon in Mass Media Textbook with Reference to Translation

Author: Ahmed Hasani Yasin احمد حساني ياسين
Journal: JOURNAL OF HISTORICAL & CULTURAL STUDIES an academic magazin مجلة الدراسات التاريخية والحضارية ISSN: 20231116 Year: 2010 Volume: 2 Issue: 6 Pages: 243-264
Publisher: Tikrit University جامعة تكريت

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Abstract

The terminology of international development is constantly evolving as new socioeconomic concepts emerge. These new concepts have no equivalences in languages other than that in which they first occur. This paper tackles neologisms, and their translations, which have been found in the English textbook intended for the students of Mass Media Departments at some Iraqi universities and which have no Arabic equivalences. The students of Mass media face difficulties in understanding and translating the neologisms within their English textbook and during practicing their profession as journalists. This paper tries to point out the difficulties and find some appropriate solutions for the problem in question. Definitions are given to the concept of neologism. The types of neologisms and their versions in addition to selecting and creating new words are mentioned. A total survey has been made to the textbook in order to collect these neologisms. These new expressions have been checked up in websites and some encyclopedias to identify their exact meanings. The definitions of these neologisms are translated into Arabic to derive the new coinage from these definitions. Then, the suggested expressions are given to these new words. Finally, some points are drawn to state the conclusions of the current paper.


Article
The Impact Of Glottal Stop in Spoken Iraqi Arabic(SIA) on Fluency in English as a Foreign Language( An Evaluation Study)

Author: Ali H. Muhammad Aljumaily علي حسين الجميلي
Journal: JOURNAL OF HISTORICAL & CULTURAL STUDIES an academic magazin مجلة الدراسات التاريخية والحضارية ISSN: 20231116 Year: 2010 Volume: 2 Issue: 4 Pages: 319-337
Publisher: Tikrit University جامعة تكريت

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Abstract

Abstract:This Paper deals with glottal stop in Spoken Iraqi Arabic and its impact on fluency in English as a foreign language .An approach evaluated from the segmentation is used to consider glottal stop as an independent phoneme. Glottal Stop is“ holding back of the compressed air followed by a sudden release.”(O’connor,1988:14). This research aims at investigating glottal stop and its impact on fluency in English and to help students by increasing their reading speed by practice and fluency in conversation. The hypothesis indicates that glottal stop in the native language has its impact on fluency in English, and how might one identify the remedy to get rid and overcome the difficulty. In conclusion, evaluating and constructing both the objective of the study and the analysis of results which were to follow .


Article
Evaluating English for Science and Technology: Postgraduate Viewpoint Teaching

Author: nakam kadury نغم قدوري
Journal: JOURNAL OF HISTORICAL & CULTURAL STUDIES an academic magazin مجلة الدراسات التاريخية والحضارية ISSN: 20231116 Year: 2010 Volume: 2 Issue: 5 Pages: 253-276
Publisher: Tikrit University جامعة تكريت

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Abstract

The present study aims of evaluating teaching English for postgraduate students from their own point of view. It is restricted to postgraduate (M.A.) students in the College of Engineering University of Tikrit. The study covers (40) students. They are (40) male and female students distributed as (13) civil, (12)chemical, and (15) Mechanic Departments. A sample of (37) students has been chosen randomly from the population for this research. A questionnaire of (5) domains and (15) items has been prepared and used for the purpose of collecting data. These data have been analyzed statistically using T-test formula for one sample. The research conclud that there are weak points in most of the domains. However, there are good signs in some of them. In the light of the findings. Some points have been recommended. 1. Significance of the Study:


Article
The Uncanny Power of the Metaphysical Conceit

Author: arwa hasein mohamed al said أروى حسين محمد صياد
Journal: JOURNAL OF HISTORICAL & CULTURAL STUDIES an academic magazin مجلة الدراسات التاريخية والحضارية ISSN: 20231116 Year: 2011 Volume: 3 Issue: 8 Pages: 199-212
Publisher: Tikrit University جامعة تكريت

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Abstract

The conceit originally means a concept or an image. It is in general a figure of speech that presents striking parallel between two different things or situations. The history of English poetry witnessed the adaptation of two types of conceit: the petrarchan conceit and the metaphysical conceit. This paper sheds lights on the second type of conceit which was mainly employed by John Donne (1572-1631) and the other metaphysical poets of the seventeenth century.This paper is composed of three sections and a conclusion that brings about the findings of the study. Section One: is introductory to metaphysical poetry in general. Its major features, major representatives in addition to some critics' viewpoints concerning it.Section Two: sheds light on the deep roots of the conceit in the history of the classical and English literature.Section Three: tackles the metaphysical conceit in English literature with reference to certain poetic examples that are still in mind up-to-date.Conclusion :sums-up the findings of the study


Article
The Uncanny Power of the Metaphysical Conceit

Author: arwa hasein mohamed al said أروى حسين محمد صياد
Journal: JOURNAL OF HISTORICAL & CULTURAL STUDIES an academic magazin مجلة الدراسات التاريخية والحضارية ISSN: 20231116 Year: 2011 Volume: 3 Issue: 8 Pages: 199-212
Publisher: Tikrit University جامعة تكريت

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Abstract

The conceit originally means a concept or an image. It is in general a figure of speech that presents striking parallel between two different things or situations. The history of English poetry witnessed the adaptation of two types of conceit: the petrarchan conceit and the metaphysical conceit. This paper sheds lights on the second type of conceit which was mainly employed by John Donne (1572-1631) and the other metaphysical poets of the seventeenth century.This paper is composed of three sections and a conclusion that brings about the findings of the study. Section One: is introductory to metaphysical poetry in general. Its major features, major representatives in addition to some critics' viewpoints concerning it.Section Two: sheds light on the deep roots of the conceit in the history of the classical and English literature.Section Three: tackles the metaphysical conceit in English literature with reference to certain poetic examples that are still in mind up-to-date.Conclusion :sums-up the findings of the study


Article
Negation in Spoken Iraqi Arabic(SIA) with Reference to English

Author: Ali Hassan Mohammed Aljumaily علي حسن محمد الجميلي
Journal: JOURNAL OF HISTORICAL & CULTURAL STUDIES an academic magazin مجلة الدراسات التاريخية والحضارية ISSN: 20231116 Year: 2012 Volume: 4 Issue: 12 Pages: 354-370
Publisher: Tikrit University جامعة تكريت

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Abstract

In spoken Iraqi Arabic (SIA), a nasal consonant particle ~ /ma:/ plays a great role by attracting it to the verb phrase to indicate negation . The aim of the paper is to enable students differentiate between particles used in negation, and pointing out similarities and differences between the grammars of two languages .Despite the fact that universality of negation, languages differ in the methods by which it is manifested . Clausal negation is used to deny or reject a proposition .So, only the method which is known as verbal negation will be discussed in this paper. The negation of a clause in English and Arabic is radically different. In English is connected with the operator , in Arabic ,negation is achieved by means of certain particles which denote other semantic implications


Article
The Realization of the functions and Meanings of English Adverbs by English as a Foreign Language Students
الإعمال وظائف ومعاني اللغة الإنجليزية Adverbs وبواسطة اللغة الإنجليزية لغير طلاب اللغات الأجنبية

Author: . Amra Ibrahim Sultan ابراهيم سلطان
Journal: JOURNAL OF HISTORICAL & CULTURAL STUDIES an academic magazin مجلة الدراسات التاريخية والحضارية ISSN: 20231116 Year: 2014 Volume: 6 Issue: 18 Pages: 237-284
Publisher: Tikrit University جامعة تكريت

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Abstract

Adverbs constitute a wide range in English grammar. There are manytypes of adverbs such as (place, manner, time, degree , frequency,comment and view point adverbs), these adverbs have many functions inthe text and some of them express different degrees of manner.This variety of types and functions of adverbs make them difficult to belearnt by EFL learners, besides most students learn them by struct

الاحوال تشكل مجموعة واسعة في قواعد اللغة الإنجليزية. هناك العديد من أنواع من الاحوال مثل (المكان، بطريقة، والوقت، ودرجة، والتردد، التعليق والظروف جهة نظر)، وهذه الاحوال لها وظائف عديدة في النص ومنهم من التعبير عن درجات مختلفة من الطريقة. هذه مجموعة متنوعة من أنواع ووظائف الاحوال جعلها الصعب أن تكون تعلمت من قبل المتعلمين EFL، إلى جانب معظم الطلاب تعلمها من قبل ا


Article
"Understanding Metaphor in Some English Prepositions"
"المجاز في فهم بعض حروف الجر الإنجليزية"

Author: . Prof. Amra I. Sultan (Ph.D.) أ.د. عمرة سلطان
Journal: JOURNAL OF HISTORICAL & CULTURAL STUDIES an academic magazin مجلة الدراسات التاريخية والحضارية ISSN: 20231116 Year: 2014 Volume: 6 Issue: 19 Pages: 56-95
Publisher: Tikrit University جامعة تكريت

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Abstract

Learning English prepositions is difficult and slow,prepositions are function words, so they are unstressed insentences, this makes it in speaking are not articulated clearly orheard distinctly. Direct translation cannot be helped on because theyare different from one language to another. Besides, the loosegrammar rules governing the use of prepositions. Prepositions have

تعلم حروف الجر اللغة الإنجليزية هي صعبة وبطيئة، حروف الجر هي كلمات وظيفة، لذلك هم بهيج في الجمل، وهذا يجعل من في الحديث ليست محددة بوضوح أو سمعت بوضوح. لا يمكن أن يساعد على ترجمة مباشرة لأنها تختلف من لغة إلى أخرى. الى جانب ذلك، فضفاضة القواعد النحوية التي تحكم استخدام حروف الجر. حروف الجر ديك

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