research centers


Search results: Found 6

Listing 1 - 6 of 6
Sort by

Article
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder in Iraqi Patients Clinical Features and Psychopharmacological Treatment

Author: Adel A. Monicher Al-zaidi
Journal: Al-Qadisiyah Medical Journal مجلة القادسية الطبية ISSN: 18170153 Year: 2008 Volume: 4 Issue: 5 Pages: 51-55
Publisher: Al-Qadisiyah University جامعة القادسية

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Post-traumatic stress disorders(PTSD)may follow civilian psychological trauma .This study was an attempt to identify the frequency of clinical features of this significant disorder among Iraqi patients who exposed to various forms of sever civilian trauma ,and also to explore the effectiveness of psychotropic medications used in treatment ,and available in Iraqi market . For this purpose, 25 patients with a diagnosis of PTSD were studied carefully. Symptoms were sever according to the number of Harvard Trauma Questionnaire (HTQ) items fulfilled ,chronicity and severity of psychosocial disability .Antidepressants had good or moderate results in 69% of cases treated ,but major tranquilizers were much less effective.


Article
Screening of Post Traumatic Stress Disorders among Preschools Children in Baijee City

Authors: Faiadh H. Faiadh --- Ashoor R. Sarhat
Journal: Diyala Journal For Pure Science مجلة ديالى للعلوم الصرفة ISSN: 83732222 25189255 Year: 2010 Volume: 6 Issue: 3 Pages: 1-15
Publisher: Diyala University جامعة ديالى

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Background: Post-traumatic stress disorder is the name given to the psychological and physical symptoms that can sometimes follow particular threatening or distressing events. To assess the frequency of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder among preschools children this study was carried out in Baijee Borough.Subjects & Methods: A sample of 105 preschool children aged (1-5) years, (24) of them are females and (81) are males were assessed by using a questionnaire that include a demographic information, family history of exposure to trauma and by using a screening semistructured tool that known as modified Child Behavior Checklist which divided the sample into two groups: first one those with < 9 scores which considered as negative screening test for Post-traumatic stress disorder and the second one those with > 9 scores which considered as positive screening test for Post-traumatic stress disorder.Results: Positive screening test of post-traumatic stress disorder was found in 31 (29.5%) of the sample with male to female ratio (2.1:1). Children from rural areas had positive screening test of post-traumatic stress disorder in (67.7%) of them comparison to 10 (32.3%) of those from urban areas. The commonest involved age group with positive screening test of post-traumatic stress disorder was between 2-3 years (48.4%). Explosion and or airplane voice were the commonest trauma associated with positive screening test of post-traumatic stress disorder in 35% of children exposed to.Conclusions: Post-traumatic stress disorder exists among preschool children exposed to trauma but not recognized. Breast feeding is of protective effect against post-traumatic stress disorder.


Article
Efficacy of Using Synchronized Nasal Intermittent Positive Pressure (SNIPPV) Versus Ordinary Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP) in Sick Neonate

Author: Kareem A. Obaid
Journal: Diyala Journal For Pure Science مجلة ديالى للعلوم الصرفة ISSN: 83732222 25189255 Year: 2010 Volume: 6 Issue: 3 Pages: 36-42
Publisher: Diyala University جامعة ديالى

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Background: Nasal continuous positive airway pressure (NCPAP) for respiratory support reduces the need of endotracheal intubation and mechanical ventilation. A new mode with continuous positive pressure including a CPAP with intermittent mechanical rate synchronized with breathing SNIPPV. Objectives: Assessing effectiveness and safety of this mode SNIPPV with the ordinary CPAP.Methods: A prospective study on neonates with apneas and/or respiratory distress or fit for extubation randomized to receive the ordinary CPAP group1or receive the SNIPPVgroup2.Result:18 case in each group, in both males needed more support than females, no death among group 1 while1 case died in the second group, Apgar score mean nearly same for both groups it was 7.2&9.2 at 1&5 minutes group1 compared to 6.9& 8.8 at 1&5minutes group 2,1case in each group got PIE,2 cases in group1 had PDA compared to 3cases in the group 2, no cases of group1cases failed while 4cases in group 2 failed this support(p 0.032), no cases in group one develop CLD compared to two cases group two, no intestinal perforation in both groups.Conclusion: According to the data there was no significant difference in short and long term outcome between the ordinary CPAP and the SNIPPV when they used for sick neonates.


Article
Serum Testosterone and Prolactin in Posttraumatic Stress Disorder for Iraqi Terror Attack Victims
تيستوستيرون وبرولاكتين المصل في مرضى اضطراب ما بعد الصدمة لضحايا العمليات الارهابية في العراق

Authors: Tarik Hufdy Al-Khayat --- Waleed Azeez Al-Ameedy --- Lamia Abdul Majeed --- Abdulsamie H. Alta'ee عبدالسميع حسن الطائي
Journal: Medical Journal of Babylon مجلة بابل الطبية ISSN: 1812156X 23126760 Year: 2013 Volume: 10 Issue: 2 Pages: 310-319
Publisher: Babylon University جامعة بابل

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Background: Abnormal levels of testosterone and prolactin have been reported in various psychiatric disorders and the important roles of in the regulation of many processes in human metabolism have been described.Objective: Investigate the hormonal changes in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) patients and control group.Patients and Methods: Eighty two males witnessed on explosion occurred at 10th June 2010 in Hilla city of Iraq, as well as thirty five males apparently healthy persons as a control groups. Participants were grouped to four groups according to PTSD Checklist (PCL) scores. Total testosterone, free testosterone, and prolactin (PRL) were determined using ELISA. Results: Total testosterone, free testosterone, and PRL showed an insignificant decreased in all groups of PTSD patients, when compared to control group. There is negative correlation between each of total testosterone, free testosterone, and PRL with severity of PTSD.Conclusion: Results of present study may indicate that there are inhibition of hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal (HPG) and hypothalamic-pituitary-prolactin (HPP) axes in PTSD patients.

الخلفية: لوحظ في العديد من الامراض النفسية مستويات غير سوية لكل من هرموني التيستوستيرون والبرولاكتين ولهما دورا مهما في تنظيم العديد من العمليات الايضية في جسم الانسان.الاهداف: التقصي عن التغيرات الهرمونية في مرضى اضطراب مابعد الصدمة.المرضى والطرق: شملت الدراسة اثنان وثمانون رجلا ممن شهدوا الانفجار الحاصل في العاشر من حزيران 2010 في مدينة الحلة- العراق وخمسة وثلاثون رجلا سليما ظاهريا كمجموعة سيطرة. قسم المشاركون الى اربعة مجموعات طبقا لدرجات لائحة اضطراب مابعد الصدمة . قدر التيستوستيرون الكلي والحر والبرولاكتين بتقنية الالايزا.النتائج: اظهرت النتائج انخفاضا غير معنويا في مستويات كل من التيستوستيرون الكلي والحر والبرولاكتين عند مقارنتها مع تلك النتائج المستحصلة لمجموعة السيطرة. ولوحظت علاقة سالبة بين كل من مستويات التيستوستيرون الكلي والحر والبرولاكتين شدة المرض.الاستنتاج: تدل نتائج الدراسة على تثبيط كل من المحورين الهرمونيين HPG و HPP عند المرضى باضطراب ما بعد الصدمة.


Article
Effect of post-traumatic stress disorder on school achievement among secondary school students in Baghdad, Iraq
تاثير الكرب التالي للرضح على التحصيل الدراسي لطلبة المدارس الثانوية في بغداد – العراق

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Abstract:Background: Iraqi people were exposed to mass disasters for long periods of time. Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) may be of particular interest following a mass disaster. Evidence of poor school outcomes among adolescents affected by violence has been reported.Objectives: To study the effect of PTSD on school achievement among secondary school children in Baghdad, Iraq.Materials and methods: A total of 240 secondary school students from 4 secondary schools (2 for boys and 2 for girls) from Baghdad city were included. Multistage random sampling was carried out. Each student was interviewed and a questionnaire (consisted of demographic information, Harvard Trauma Questionnaire, and academic failure) was filled. Academic failure was indicated by poor school achievement. Results: Students with PTSD were 37.1%. No significant association was found between age, sex and PTSD.Of those with PTSD, 86.5% had bad school achievement. Conclusion: high rate of PTSD was reported among secondary school students, and PTSD had a negative impact on their school achievement.Key words: PTSD, school achievement, Iraq, widespread violence

الخلفية: تعرض العراقيون للكثير من الكوارث لفترات طويلة من الزمن. وقد سجلت الادبيات العلمية ادلة على ضعف المستوى الدراسي بين المراهقين المتعرضين للعنف في اماكن مختلفة من العالم.هدف الدراسة: دراسة تاثير الكرب التالي للرضح غلى المستوى الدراسي لطلبة المدارس الثانوية في بغداد – العراقالطرق: العينة من 4 مدارس (2 للبنين و 2 للبنات)، وكانت العينة 240 طالبا. تمت مقابلة كل طالب، ومليء استبانة خاصة شملت المعلومات الديموغرافية، واستبانة هارفارد للكرب التالي للرضح، وكذلك معلومات عن المستوى الدراسي واعتمدت نتيجة السنة السابقة مقياسا لذلك. النتائج: الكرب التالي للرضح كان بنسبة 37.1%. ولم تظهر علاقة احصائية معنوية بين الكرب التالي للرضح والعمر او النوع. وتدني المستوى الدراسي كان واضحا في 86.5% ممن لديهم الكرب التالي للرضح.مفتاح الكلمات: الكرب التالي للرضح، التحصيل الدراسي، العراق، العنف واسع الانتشار


Article
Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: History, Diagnosis and Pathogenesis: A Review Article
اضطراب ما بعد الصدمة: تاريخه وتشخيصه وإمراضيته: مقالة مرجعية

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

After 2003, there is almost no day without an explosion or terrorist attacks in Iraq. The effects of repeated explosions extended to cover all aspects of life and places, where the negative effects of destruction, devastation and death continue. Consequently, the psychological and social effects are one of the most important negative effects which remain for long periods as a result of these traumatic experiences, as well as, the experiences of severe psychological stress had an evident impact on most individuals who have experienced such traumatic events. Usually, our communities have no sufficient interest in psychological care for disaster survivor, despite the fact that the psychological effects of disasters have often more impact than organic effects [1].This review article highlights to the history, diagnosis and pathogenesis of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD).

يكاد لا يمر يوم في العراق بعد عام 2003 دون حصول انفجار أو هجمة ارهابية. ان آثار الانفجارات المتكررة يمتد ليشمل جميع مناحي الحياة، حيث تستمر الآثار السلبية المترتبة على الدمار والخراب والموت. وبالتالي، فإن الآثار النفسية والاجتماعية هي واحدة من اهم الآثار السلبية التي تبقى لفترات طويلة نتيجة لهذه الخبرات الصادمة. وكذلك، كان هنالك تأثير واضح لخبرات الإجهاد النفسي الشديد على معظم الأفراد الذين عانوا من مثل هذه الأحداث الصادمة. وعادة فان مجتمعاتنا لا تهتم بشكل كافي في مجال الرعاية النفسية للناجين من الكوارث، على الرغم من أن الآثار النفسية للكوارث في كثير من الأحيان تكون أكثر تأثيرا من الآثار الجسدية.يسلط هذا المقال الضوء تاريخ وتشخيص وإمراضيه اضطراب ما بعد الصدمة.

Listing 1 - 6 of 6
Sort by
Narrow your search

Resource type

article (6)


Language

English (6)


Year
From To Submit

2016 (1)

2014 (1)

2013 (1)

2010 (2)

2008 (1)