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Article
NS-Primary Submodules
NS المقاسات الجزئية من النمط –

Author: Iman A. Athab ايمان علي عذاب
Journal: Iraqi Journal of Science المجلة العراقية للعلوم ISSN: 00672904/23121637 Year: 2018 Volume: 58 Issue: 1B Pages: 404-407
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Let R be a commutative ring with identity and let Mbe a unitary R-module. We shall say that a proper submodule N of M is nearly S-primary (for short NS-primary), if wheneverf∈S=End(M), x∈M, with f(x)∈N implies that either x∈N+J(M) or there exists a positive integer n, such that f^n (M)⊆N+J(M), where J(M) is the Jacobson radical of M. In this paper we give some new results of NS-primary submodule. Moreover some characterizations of these classes of submodules are obtained

لتكن R حلقة ابدالية ذات عنصر محايد و M مقاسا معرفا على R يقال للمقاس الجزئي الفعلي N من M بأنه ابتدائي من النمط S تقريبا (NS- Primary) , اذا كان لكل End(M)=∈S f , x∈M بحيث ان f(x)∈N, يؤدي الى x∈N+J(M) او f^n (M)⊆N+J(M) , n∈Z^+ حيث ال J(M) هو جذر جاكوبسون لقد درسنا هذا المفهوم واعطينا بعض النتائج الجديدة والتشخيصات لهذا النوع من المقاسات الجزئيه


Article
Multi-autosomal chromosome aberrationsrole in primary amenorrhea
عدد من التغيرات الكروموسومية الجسمية في انقطاع الطمث الابتدائي

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Abstract

Primary amenorrhea which result commonly from sex chromosome aberration as geneticabnormalities, may result from oneaberration in autosomal chromosomes or in association with sex chromosomal aberrations. Chromosomal analysis was performed for the 26 years old lady (married and infertile) with primary amenorrhea by using G-band technique. Four autosomal chromosomes are involved in producing primary amenorrhea with normal phenotype, secondary characteristics were associated with mosaic karyotypes the1st: 46,XX,(3;5;10)(q13-23;q23-35;22-25),(5;19)(qter;p13.2),del(19p13.2).2nd: 45,XX, ,(3;5;10)(q13-23;q23-35;22-25),del(12),del(12),del(19p13.2),(M).The sex chromosomes look normal.The conclusion was that may be some autosomal chromosomes regulate reproductive development and may the alerted regions on chromosomes in recent study have effect somehow on regulation of reproductive development.

انقطاع الطمث الابتدائي الذي يمثل احد التشوهات الجنينية الناتجة بشكل شائع من تغيرات في الكروموسومات الجنسية او يمكن ان ينتج عن انحرافات في الكروموسومات الجسمية المرافقة لاحد الانحرافات في الكروموسومات الجنسيةاو ان تكون بشكل انتقال تبادلي واحد في الحالة المدروسة.الجديد في هذا التقرير انه تم تسجيل اربعة حالات من انحرافات الكروموسومات الجسمية فقطولم تسجل حالة انحراف في الكروموسومات الجنسية في السيدة التي تبلغ 26 عاما (وهي متزوجة وتعاني العقم) ولها نمط مظهري طبيعي ولها خصائص جنسية ثانوية طبيعية. اعطتانحرافات الكروموسومات الجسمية هيئة كروموسومية مبرقشة وتحوي انتقالات معقدة وحالات حذف كلي وجزئي وظهور كروموسوم موسوم جديد.حيث ان 98% من الخلايا تمثل الخط الاول و2% من الخلايا تمثل الخط الثاني:.( 46,XX,(3;5;10)(q13-22;q23-34;23-25),(5;19)(qter;p13.2),del(19p13.45,XX, ,(3;5;10)(q13-22;q23-34;23-25),del(12),del(12),del(19p13.2),(M). ان المناطق الكروموسومات الجسمية التي تم تضررها تحوي جينات يمكن ان يكون له دورتنظيمي في تطور ونمو الاجهزة التناسلية بشكل سليم.


Article
Cesarean Section Rates At Al-Batool Maternity Teaching Hospital

Author: Yosra Tahir Jarjees, D.O.G., F.I.B.M.S.(Obs.Gyn) يسرى جرجيس
Journal: Al-Kindy College Medical Journal مجلة كلية الطب الكندي ISSN: 18109543 Year: 2011 Volume: 7 Issue: 1 Pages: 1-3
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Objectives: To report the Cesarean section rate in Al-Batool Maternity Teaching Hospital and to identifyhow many of them were done for maternal and fetalcondition.Design: A statistical cross sectional study.Setting: The study was conducted at Al-BatoolMaternity Teaching Hospital (13000 deliveries peryear).Participants: The patients group consists of 4556patients admitted for delivery (vaginal and abdominal)during a period of four months commencing fromJanuary 2003.Main outcome measures: calculation of all livebirths, calculation of cesarean section rate, percentageof the primary cesarean sections and the repeatcesarean sections and listing the indications of theoperation according to maternal and fetal conditionwith their percentage.Results: Total births during the period of this studywere 4556 births, 3732 vaginal deliveries and 824cesarean sections. Cesarean section rate was found tobe 17.94% of total live births, the most frequentindication for cesarean section was malpresentation(24.3%). Primary cesarean sections contribute to 75%of cases.Conclusions: A primary cesarean section is one of themost important causes of high cesarean section rate.Decreasing the incidence of primary operations willhelp in reducing cesarean section rate.


Article
Metabolic syndrome in women with polycystic ovary syndrome

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Abstract

Objectives: To report the Cesarean section rate in Al-Batool Maternity Teaching Hospital and to identifyhow many of them were done for maternal and fetalcondition.Design: A statistical cross sectional study.Setting: The study was conducted at Al-BatoolMaternity Teaching Hospital (13000 deliveries peryear).Participants: The patients group consists of 4556patients admitted for delivery (vaginal and abdominal)during a period of four months commencing fromJanuary 2003.Main outcome measures: calculation of all livebirths, calculation of cesarean section rate, percentageof the primary cesarean sections and the repeatcesarean sections and listing the indications of theoperation according to maternal and fetal conditionwith their percentage.Results: Total births during the period of this studywere 4556 births, 3732 vaginal deliveries and 824cesarean sections. Cesarean section rate was found tobe 17.94% of total live births, the most frequentindication for cesarean section was malpresentation(24.3%). Primary cesarean sections contribute to 75%of cases.Conclusions: A primary cesarean section is one of themost important causes of high cesarean section rate.Decreasing the incidence of primary operations willhelp in reducing cesarean section rate.


Article
The Effect of Premature Birth on The Primary Dentition

Authors: Baydaa A Al – Rawi --- Aisha A. Qasim --- Ghada Dh Al – Sayagh
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2008 Volume: 8 Issue: 1 Pages: 18-22
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

Aims: The aims of the present study were to determine if primary teeth eruption and the presence of
enamel defect are affected by low birth weight and prematurely of birth. Materials and Methods: The
total subjects of (420) child aged 4 – 24 months were included in this study, consisted of (210) prematurely
born (<37 gestational weeks and birth weight < 2.500 Kg) children and 210 control children (&#8805;40
gestational weeks and birth weight &#8805; 2.500 Kg). Those children selected randomly the children who
came to the primary health care centers with their mother for vaccination and the mothers asked to participate
in this study. For each child, clinical exanimation was performed in dental chair. The criterion
used for enamel defect to include various enamel hypoplasias, deficiency of enamel in the form of pits,
grooves or other quantitative surface loss and enamel hypocalcifications and opacities. Data were analyzed
using numbers, percentages, means and standard deviations. T – test, Z – test Chi – square (X2)
test were used for determining the differences concerning different variables. The differences were
considered significant at p&#8804; 0.05. Results: There was no significant difference (p>0.05) between different
genders numbers among in each age group for the preterm and control children. The results
showed significantly (p<0.05) delayed eruption of the primary teeth in the prematurely born children as
compared with the control children in all age groups except in 4 – 6 months age group, also there was
significantly higher percentages of enamel defect present in preterm children, than in control children
in all age groups except in 4 – 6 months age group. Conclusions: The findings indicated that the eruption
of deciduous teeth was delayed and the percentage of enamel defect was significantly increased in
prematurely born children.


Article
Primary Gastric Lymphoma in North of Iraq (A Study of 34 cases in the surgical departments of Erbil and Mousl hospitals).

Author: Abdulqadir M.Zangana
Journal: Iraqi Academic Scientific Journal المجلة العراقية للاختصاصات الطبية ISSN: 16088360 Year: 2007 Volume: 6 Issue: 4 Pages: 294-302
Publisher: The Iraqi Borad for Medical Specialization المجلس العراقي للاختصاصات الطبية

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Abstract

ABSTRACT:BACKGROUND:Primary Gastric Lymphoma is an uncommon malignancy among gastric malignancies. Histology of the Primary Gastric Lymphoma is varied and the extranodal marginal zone B-cells lymphoma is especially significant on account of its potential remission with antibiotic therapy.OBJECTIVE:To study the incidence, staging, clinical presentation, histological and management of Primary Gastric Lymphoma in the North of Iraq.PATIENTS AND METHODS:From January 1988 to February 2005, A total number of 534 patients operated as gastric tumors, 34 (4%) diagnosed as Primary Gastric Lymphoma. at the surgical departments of Erbil and Mousl teaching hospitals.RESULTS:Out of 34 Primary Gastric Lymphoma,24 cases (70.5%) were located in the distal part of the stomach the most common cell type was B-cell type non-Hodgkin's lymphoma,.Surgery was the main method of treatment and followed by chemotherapy and radiotherapy. Helicobacter pylori were isolated from all 34 Patients.All patients received antibiotics for eradication for H. Pylori infection for 4-6 weeks.Long-term remission were induced in the low-grade MALT lymphomas in 73% of cases by the successful eradication of the H. pylori infection Operative mortality rates was12 %CONCLUSION:surgical intervention was confined to stage I&II while patients with stage III surgery was indicated mostly for complications like bleeding and perforationMucosa-associated lymphoid tissue tumor (MALT) had a better prognosis because it tends to be localized with a long survival period.

Keywords

gastric lymphoma --- primary


Article
Cardiovascular Manifestations of Primary Hypothyroidism

Authors: Ahmed Shaker Al-Zaidi --- Adil S .Abdul-Ghafour --- Abdulla J Minshed Al-Farttoosi
Journal: Iraqi Academic Scientific Journal المجلة العراقية للاختصاصات الطبية ISSN: 16088360 Year: 2010 Volume: 9 Issue: 2 Pages: 113-119
Publisher: The Iraqi Borad for Medical Specialization المجلس العراقي للاختصاصات الطبية

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Abstract

ABSTRACT:BACKGROUND:Primary hypothyroidism accounts for 90 to 95 %of all cases of hypothyroidism. Thyroid hormone deficiency increases systemic vascular resistance, decreases contractility and slow the heart rate .OBJECTIVE: To investigate cardiac changes in primary hypothyroidism.METHODS:In this prospective study 36 patients with untreated primary hypothyroidism were compared with 30 healthy persons. Cardiovascular evaluation of all subjects had been made both clinically and by the following studies :Chest X-Ray, electrocardiography, serum lipid and Echocardiography.RESULTS::The main cardiac manifestations of hypothyroidism were: Easy fatigability( 88.9 %(, exertional dyspnea )75%o),obesity or gaining weight( 66.7 %(, sinus bradycardia ) 47.2 %(and peripheral edema(11.1 %(Electrocardiography showed sinus bradycardia in( 47%( low QRS voltage in )33.3%( , flat or inverted T wave(27.8%), prolonged QT interval )19.5%), first degree heart block in( 19.5 %(.Echocardiography showed the following :a decrease in global systolic function, asymmetric sepalhypertrophy in )91.6%) Pericardial effusion in )38.8%).Low QRS voltage was found to be related to thyroxin level and age of the patient .No correlation was found between heart rate and thyroxin level.CONCLUSION:Primary hypothyroidism accompanied by significant changes in cardiovascular system which may explain the development of premature coronary artery disease in these patients.


Article
Investigation of Microbial Contamination of Primary Schools in Baghdad City
التحري عن الثلوث المايكروبي للمدارس الابتدائية في مدينة بغداد

Author: Sanaa Rahman Oleiwi سناء رحمان عليوي
Journal: Iraqi Journal of Science المجلة العراقية للعلوم ISSN: 00672904/23121637 Year: 2017 Volume: 58 Issue: 2B Pages: 797-802
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

A microbial contamination of several primary schools (official and private) in Baghdad city was conducted. Sampling was performed in each school from desk, door handle, and hand of students. Out of 113swabs (classes desk, door holder, and students hands ) obtained from ten primary schools, growth wasobserved in 91 samples (80.5%) (for official school 84.6% and 71.4 for private school. The results of recent study revealed that the official schools showed higher contamination levels(130 CFU ) than private ones (90 CFU). Resultes revealed that a total of 12 morphologically different bacterial species were isolated from 62 bacterial isolates,among which gram negative bacteria 40 isolates(64.5%) were higher than gram-positive bacteria 22 isolates( 35.4%). According to the microscopic examination , biochemical tests and API system , the results was showed that staphylococcus epidermidis was the most frequently isolated bacterial species with recovery rate 10 (16 .1%). followed by staphylococcus aureus 8 ( 12.9 %) Escherichia spp7 (11.2%) Escherichia coli7 (11.2%), Enterobacter sakazaki 5(8%), Enterobacter cloacae 5 (8%), Bacillus spp 5(8%), Pseudomonas aeruginosa 4(6.45%), Klebsiella spp 4(6.45%), Klebsiella pneumoniae 3(4.8%), Streptocoocus spp 3(4.8%), Proteus mirabilis 1(1.6%).

أجريت دراسة للتلوث المايكروبي لعشرة مدارس إبتدائية ( حكومية و أهلية ) في مدينة بغداد و قد تم أخذ العينات لكل مدرسة من ( مقاعد الطلاب و مقابض الابواب و أيدي الطلاب ) . أخذت اكثر من 113 مسحة ( مقاعد و ايدي الطلاب و مقابض الابواب ) من عشرة مدارس ابتدائية و قد لوحظ النمو في 91 ( 80.5 % ) من العينات المدارس الحكومية كانت (84.6 %) و في المدارس الاهلية (71.4%), أيضا تم فحص العينات المأخوذة لمعرفة مستوى التلوث المايكروبي بوساطة حساب وحدة تكوين المستعمرة لكل سطح. وفقا للنتائج اظهرت المدارس الحكومية تلوث اعلى( 130 وحدة تكوين المستعمرة ) مقارنة بالمدارس الاهلية (90 وحدة تكوين المستعمرة). اظهرت النتائج وجود 12 نوع بكتيري مختلف من مجموع 62 عزلة بكتيرية وكانت نسبة البكتريا السالبة لصبغة كرام64.5 % (40 عزلة )والموجبة لصبغة كرام 35.4% (22 عزلة).اعتمادا على الفحص المجهري والاختبارات البايوكيميائية ونظام الابي ظهرت نتائج التشخيصية التالية : staphylococcus epidermidis 10 (16 .1%). staphylococcus. aureus 8 ( 12.9 %) Escherichia spp 7 (11.2%) Escherichia.coli7 (11.2%), Enterobacter sakazaki 5 (8%),Enterobacter cloacae 5(8%), Bacillus spp 5(8%), Pseudomonas aeruginosa 4(6.45%), Klebsiella spp 4(6.45%), Klebsiella pneumoniae 3(4.8%), Streptocoocus spp 3(4.8%), Proteus mirabilis 1(1.6%).


Article
Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention in Acute ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction: A Single Centre Experience

Authors: Ahmed Hussein AL- Mayali --- Mushtaq T. Al-Hassnawi
Journal: Karbala Journal of Medicine مجلة كربلاء الطبية ISSN: 19905483 Year: 2018 Volume: 11 Issue: 2 Pages: 3978-3987
Publisher: Kerbala University جامعة كربلاء

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Abstract

background Early revascularization is critically important in the management of patients presenting with acute myocardial infarction.Aim To assess the benefit of early primary percutaneous coronary intervention in patients with acute ST elevation myocardial infarction.Methods This study include 51 patients with acute STEMI they were selected from those who were admitted to the coronary care unit of Karbala cardiac center in Karbala-Iraq during a period between January 2017 and February 2018. Detailed history and thorough physical examination was done. Investigations done for each patient in form of ECG, cardiac troponin, blood urea, serum creatinine, and complete blood picture.Results & discussion percutaneous coronary intervention only, using one stent, two stent, three stent, aspiration catheter, CABG & medical treatment, 7 (13.7%),25(49%), 8(15.6%), none , 4(7.8%), 4(7.8%), 4(7.8%), 3(5.8%) respectively).Infarct related artery, LAD, LCX, RCA & LMS (30(58.8%), 4(7.8%), 6(11.7%), 2(3,9%) respectively, and the number of diseased vessels , single vessel, two vessels, three vessels & LMS which was (20(39.2%), 13(25.4%), 14(27.4%) respectively.Inhospital outcome, which include the following:- favorable outcome, period of hospitalization, access site bleeding, contrast induced nephropathy, death, respectively. Which were (96%, ˂ 1day 38(74.5%), ˃1day 13(25.5), 3.9%, 5.8%, 3.9% respectively)Conclusion in case of ST elevation myocardial infarction, left anterior descending artery is most culprit vessel to be involved, one quarter of patient needs one stent & carry favorable out comes in form of less complications and also decrease the period of hospitalization.

Keywords

primary PCI --- acute MI


Article
PRIMARY PLEURAL LIPOSARCOMA. CASE REPORT
ورم الخلايا الشحمية الاولي الخبيث لغشاء الجنب، اشهار حالة

Authors: RAMADHAN T. OTHMAN رمضان طيب عثمان --- INTISAR S. PITY انتصار سالم بتي --- MAYADA I. YALDA مائدة شمدين --- ASHUR Y. IZAC اشور اسحاق
Journal: Duhok Medical Journal مجلة دهوك الطبية ISSN: ISSN: 20717334 (online)/ ISSN: 20717326 (Print) Year: 2010 Volume: 4 Issue: 1 Pages: 74-80
Publisher: University of Dohuk جامعة دهوك

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Abstract

Primary Liposarcoma of the pleural cavity is one of the rarest cases. Only few cases were reported all over the world. A 32 year old pregnant lady presented with severe cough and dyspnea, low grade fever, high ESR, and diffuse bilateral ronchi. Chest X-ray revealed an irregular radio opaque shadow in the right middle zone of the chest, diagnosed as ruptured pulmonary hydatid cyst. Thoracotomy done revealed a very big lobulated mass occupying about two thirds of the pleural cavity and attached to the pleura and middle lobe, Excision of the mass with right middle lobectomy was done. Histopathology revealed dedifferentiated myxoid liposarcoma. Pregnancy was terminated two weeks after surgery, and thenchemotherapy regime started.

رَن الخلايب الشحهيج الأ لَي الختيد لغشبء السىة اَحد هو أىدر الحبلاح , تؾط الحبلاح فقع شسمح ؽبلهيب , ىقدن ذٌي الحبلج كأ لَ حبلج في الؾراق , شيدث حبهل تؾهر 23 شىج خقدهح تأؽراط ظيق الخىفس شَؾبل شديد هؼ ارخفبػ عفيف في درسج الحرارث, اَرخفبػ ىشتج خرشة كريبح الدن الحهراء, أزيز هىخشر في سبىتي الضدر, أشؾج الضدر أغ رٍح سَ دَ ؽخهج شؾبؽي غير هىخغهج في الىعبق ال شَعي الأيهو , شخضح الحبلج ككيس هبئي رئ يَ هىفسر. أسريح ل بٍ ؽهميج فخح الضدر الخي كشفح ؽو سَ دَ كخمج كتيرث هفضضج خشغل ح اَلي ذمذي خس يَف السىة هَمخضقج تغشبء السىة اَلفص ال شَعي, خن اشخئضبل الكخمج هؼ الفص الهذك رَ . الفحص الىشيسي اغ رٍ ى ػَ ال رَن ك رَن ختيد غير هخهيز لمىشيز ألد ىٌي لغشبء السىة , اى يٍ الحهل تؾد أشت ؽَيو هو السراحج تَ شَر تىغبن لمؾلار الكيهب يَ.

Keywords

Primary --- Pleural --- Liposarcoma

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